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Census of Religious Bodies in U. S., 1936

Source: United States Bureau of the Census

There were in continental United States in 1936,1 At the census of 1938 the total expenditures were 256 Religious Bodies with 199,302 organizations and $518,953,571, as compared with $817,214,528 in 1926. 55,807,366 members, as compared with 213 denomi- Under this item are included the amount expended nations reporting 232,154 organizations and 54, for salaries, repairs, etc.; for payments on church 576.346 members in 1926. Each church was re- debt; for benevolence, including home and foreign quested to report the number of members accord-missions; for denominational support; and for all ing to the definition of membership in that church other purposes. or organization. In some religious bodies the term The value of church edifices in 1936 was $3.411,member is limited to communicants; in others it 875,467, as compared with $3.839,500,610 in 1926. includes all baptized persons; and in still others AU figures for 1936 are preliminary and subject it covers all enrolled persons.

to correction. Member

Member-
Denomination

ship, 1936
Denomination

ship, 1936

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8,985

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CENSUS OF RELIGIOUS BODIES IN U. S., 1936 (Continued)
Member-11

Member-
Denomination

ship, 1936
Denomination

ship, 1936 Church of Jesus Christ (Cutlerites)....

Reformed New Congregational MethoChurch of Jesus Christ of Latter-day

dist Church ......

329 Saints.

678,2171 Reformed Zion Union Apostolic Church 5,035 Church of Jesus Christ (Strangites)....

123

Union American Methodist Episcopal Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of

Church...

9,369 Latter Day Saints...

93,470|| Wesleyan Methodist Connec Latter House of the Lord, Apostolic Faith

Church) of America...............

22,017 Liberal Catholic Church...

1,527 || Moravian bodies: Lithuanian National Catholic Church of

Bohemian and Moravian Brethren America... 2.904|| Churches ...........

285 Lutherans:

Evangelical Unity of Bohemian and American Lutheran Conference:

Moravlan Brethren in North America 5,330 American Lutheran Church... 499,899|| Moravian Church in America...

30,904 Evangelical Lutheran Augustana

| National David Spiritual Temple of Christ
Synod of North America....
327,472 Church Union...........

1.880 Norwegian Lutheran Church of

New Apostolic Church...

6,147 America ....

516,400||Old Catholic Churches in America Lutheran Free Church ....

.
47,140|| American Catholic Church.

1,333 United Danish Evangelical Lutheran

American Old Catholic Church
Church in America..

porated)... Evangelical Lutheran Synodical Con

North American Old Roman Catholic ference of North America:

Church...

14,985 Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Mis

Old Catholic Church in America..:) 5,470 souri, Ohio, and Other States ..... 1,192,553||Pentecostal assemblies: Evangelical Lutheran Joint Synod of

Pentecostal Fire Baptized Holiness
Wisconsin and Other States...... 235,402 Church...

1,349 Slovak Evangelical Lutheran Synod

Church of God in Christ (Penecostal)..

210 of the United States of America.. 18,910|| Pentecostal Assemblies of Jesus Christ. 16,070 Norwegian Synod of the American

International Pentecostal Assemblies... 6.333 Evangelical Lutheran Church..... 7.632 Penetecostal Assemblies of the World.. 5,713 Negro Mission of the Synodical Con

Pentecostal Church of God of America. 4.296 ference..........

Pentecostal Church, Incorporated..... 9,681 United Lutheran Church in America... 1.286,612|| Calvary Pentecostal Church, IncorChurch of the Lutheran Brethren of

porated...

1.046 America ......

2,066 Pentecostal Holiness Church.......... 12,955 Evangelical Lutheran Chu

Pilgrim Holiness Church ...

20,124 ica (Elelsen Synod)...

Polish National Catholic Church of Finnish Apostolic Lutheran Church of

America ..........................

63.366 America......

16,293||Presbyterian bodies: Finnish Evangelical Lutheran Church

General Synod of the Associate Re-| of America, or Suomi Synod..... 21,466 formed Presbyterian Church..... 21,981 Finnish Evangelical Lutheran National

Synod of the Associate Presbyterian Church of America..... 6,157 Church of North America....

308 Icelandic Evangelical Lutheran Synod

Colored Cumberland Presbyterian in North America. 1,808 Church........................

10,668 Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church

Cumberland Presbyterian Church.

49,975 16,057 Presbyterian Church in the United Protestant Conference (Lutheran).....

3,353
States.................. ...

449,045 Independent Lutheran Congregations.. 2,423 Presbyterian Church in the United Mayan Temple...

1,053
States of America

1,797,927 Mennonite bodies:

Reformed Presbyterian

Church
Church

in

10 Central Conference of Mennonites.... 3,434 North America, General Synod....

1,686 Church of God in Christ (Mennonite) 2,024 Orthodox Presbyterian Church....

4,710 Conference of the Defenseless Men

Synod of the Retorined Presbyteri nonites of North America..... 1,184 Church of North America....

6,386 Evangelical Mennonite Brethren Con

United Presbyterian Church of North 1,432 America .............. ..

170,967 Conservative Amish Mennonite Church 2,538|Protestant Episcopal Church......

1,735,335 General Conference of the Mennonite

| Reformed bodies: Church of North America.......... 26,5351. Christian Reformed Church..

107,993 Hutterian Brethren, Mennonites...

Free Magyar Reformed Church in Krimmer Mennonite Brueder-Gemeinde 1,283) America ........

7,165 Mennonite Brethren in Christ... 7.84111 Reformed Church in America...

184,536 Mennonite Brethren Church of North

Reformed Episcopal Church ...

7,666 Alberica .................... 7,595 Roman Catholic Church.....

19,914,937 Mennonite Church.... 46.301 Salvation Army............

103,038 Mennonite Kleine Gemeinde....

275||Scandinavian Evangelical bodies: Old Order Amish Mennonite Church.. 9,887 Norwegian and Danish Evangelical Old Order Mennonite Church (Wisler). 1.8221 Free Church Association of North Reformed Mennonite Church ..... 1,044

3.989 Stauffer Mennonite Church....... 161 Evangelical Free Church of America

8.857 Unatllated Mennonite Congregations.

480)

Evangelical Mission Covenant Church Methodist bodies:

of America..

43,981 African Methodist Episcopal Church.. 493,357 Schwenkfelders .........

1.896 African Methodist Episcopal Zion

Social Brethren.....

788 Church..

414,244 Spiritualists: African Union Methodist Protestant

General Assembly of Spiritualists...

2,894 Church..........................

4,239 National Spiritual Alliance of Apostolic Methodist Church....

United States of America ......

1.845 Colored Methodist Episcopal Church...! 269.915

National Spiritualist Association...

11.266 Colored Methodist Protestant Church

216
Progressive Spiritualist Church....

11.347 Congregational Methodist Church..... 8,293||Triumph the Church and Kingdom of Free Methodist Church of North Amer

God in Christ .......................

69 ICA............................... 37,587 | Unitarians.........

59,228 Holiness Methodist Church.....

.......

239 United Brethren bodies: Independent African Methodist Epis

Church of the United Brethren in Christ 376,905 copal Church ....

1.064
United Christian Church.....

591 Methodist Episcopal Church.....

3,509,763 Church of the United Brethren in Christ] Methodist Episcopal Church, South...! 2.061,683 (Old Constitution).......

15,401 Methodist Protest Church ............

148.288 | United Holy Church of America, IncorNew Congregational Methodist Church 1.449|| porated........

7,535 Primitive Methodist Church in the

United Soclety of Believers (Shakers). United States of America........... 12.395| Universal Emancipation Church....

18 Reformed Methodist Church.. 288|C'niversalist Church ...

45,853 Reformed Methodist Union Episcopal I Vedanta Society..........

628 Church.......................... 1.836||Volunteers of America...........

7,923

ference...........................

501||

31

11

92

Construction and Housing in the United States

Source: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics

(1)

NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE OF FAMILIES PROVIDED FOR IN NEW DWELLINGS IN 257

IDENTICAL CITIES
Number of families provided for in

Percentage of families provided

for lo Multi

| MultiYear

All types 1-family 2-family family 1-family 2-family family

of dwellings | dwellings dwellings dwellings | dwellings | dwellings dwellings

(1) 1922 377,305 179,364 80,252 117,689 47.5

21.3

31.2 1923 453.673 207.632 96,444 149,597

21.2

33.0 1924... 442,096 209,578 94 717 137.801

21.4

31.2 1925.. 491,032 225,222 86,133 179,677

17.5

36.6 1926... 462,208 188,074 64,131 210,003 40.7

13.9

45.4 1927... 406,095 155,512 54,320 196,263 38.3

13.4

48.3 1929.. 388,678 136.907 43,098 208.673 35.2

11.1

53.7 1929.. 244,394 98,164 27,512 118.718 40.2

11.2

48.6 1930.. 125,315 57.311 15,145 52,859 45.7

12.1

42.2 1931 98,158 48.310 11,310 38,538 49.2

11.5

39.3 1932, 27.380 19,524

3,400
4,456
71.3

16.3 1933.. 25.885 14,443

2,128
9.314
56.8

36.0 1934.. 20,952 12,570

1,446
6.936
60.0

33.1 1935.. 55.490 31.021 3,008 21,461 55.9

38.7 1936. 113.646 59,099

5,261 49,286
52.0

53.4 1937.. 117,323 66,232

7,335 43,756
56.5

37.3 1938.. 157.008 78,582 7.759 70.667

50.1

45.0 1939... 203,392 117.693 16.302 69,397

57.8

8.1

26.7 1940.... 221,449 140.773 21,458 59,218

63.6

9.7

34.1 1 Includes 1. and 2-family dwellings with stores. 2 Includes multifamily dwellings with stores.

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ESTIMATED EXPENDITURES FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION, FAMILIES PROVIDED FOR,

AND INDEX NUMBERS THEREOF, IN 257 IDENTICAL CITIES; (1921=100)

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[graphic]

90.6

$1,614,891,486

$869,612.807 137.8 $283,378,341 103.9 1.998,393,400 214.0 1.065,624.238 168.8 334,866,768 122.7 2.038,427,392 218.3 1,125,290,699 178.3 344,548,496 126.3 2,390,390,182 256.0 1,300,494,326 206.0 337.181.971 123.6 2,222,874,645 238.0 11,262,736,028 200.1 341.314.531 125.1 1,906,003,260 204.1 1.231.785,870 195.2 340,815.133 124.9 1,859,423,751 199.1 1,135,569,986 1179.9 309,705,975 113.5 1,433,715,542 153.5 1.147,796.781 181.9 351,699,718

128.9 601,269,847 64.4 849,386,873 134.6 247.068, 224 426,270,111 45.6 622,830,444 98.7 188,357,233 69.0 103,445,244 11.1 275,509,435 43.7 102,264,769 37.5 91,345,258 9.8 183,006,040 29.0 107,928, 136 39.6 76,622, 261 8.2 166.360,807

136,248,077 49.9 211.895,852 22.7 260,118,322

183,196,018 67.2 458,067.757

49.1

347,024,011 55.0 237,238.744 87.0 475,949,455 51.0 421,171,854 67.2 277.366,368 101.7 577.819.938 61.9 369.398,168 58.5 226.703.968 83.1 754,471,224 80.8 398,430,01663.1 245,118.829 89.9 798.709.735 | 85.5 718,393.314 113.8 ! 242.979.093 1.89.1

26.4

41.2

AVERAGE COST PER FAMILY OF NEW DWELLINGS IN 257 IDENTICAL CITIES (Revised. This table does not show change in cost of erecting identical building, but does show change in cost of such buildings as were erected. Does not include land costs)

Index numbers of cost per new
Average cost per new dwelling unit

dwelling unit (1921=100)

Year

Multi

| MultiAll types

1-family | 2-family family All types 1-family | 2-family family
of dwellingsl dwellingsl dwellings dwellingel dwellings dwellings dwellings
dwellings

(1)
(2)

(1)

(2)

1922
$4,016 $4,259 $3,568 $3,950 101.7 107.2

94.8

98.3 1923. 4,127 4.189

4,185
4,004
104.6
105.5 111.2

99.6 . 1924 4,361 4,342 4.350

4,395 110.5

109.3 115.6 109.4 1925...

4,445 4,593 4,422 4,271 112.6 115.6 117.5 106.3 1926. 4.422 4,763 4,465

4.103
112.0

119.9 118.7 102.1 1927

4,449 4,830 4,368 4,170 112.7 121.6 116.1 103.8 1928 4,407 4.937 4,064 4,129 111.7 124.3 . 108.0

102.7 1929 4,565 4,919 4,011 4,400 115.7 123.8 106.6

109.5 1930.. 4.385 4,994 3,924 3,857 111.1 125.7 104.3

96.0 1931. 4,226 4,836 3,607 3,644 107.1 121.8

95.9

90.7 1932.. 3,705 3,943 3,250 3,010

93.9
99.3
86.4

74.9 1933 .. 3,495 3,845 3,112 3.040

88.5
96.8
82.7

75.6 1934.. 3,572 4,071 3,338 2,716

90.5 102.5 88.7

67.8 1935. 3,779 4.228 2.953 3,245

95.7 106.4

78.5

80.7 1936.. 4,032 4,357 3,055 3,751 102.2

109.7

81.2 93.3 1937.. 4,009 4.352 3,102 3,641 101.6 109.6

82.5

90.6 1938 3,644 4.105 2.862 3,217 92.3 103.3

761

80.0 1939.. 3,673 3,970 2.868 3,359 93.1

99.9
76.2

83.6 1940.. 3,562 3,891 2.757 3,073 90.2

98.0

73.3 76.5 1Includes l- and 2-family dwellings with stores. Includes multifamily dwellings with stores.

Registered Hospitals in the U. S. and Their Capacity

Source: The American Medical Association

33

Hog-
Bas- | Patients | Average Il

Hos

| Bas- | Patients | Average pitals Beds sinets Admitted Census

pitals Beds sinets Admitted Census Ala....

14.4101 578 127,496 11,697 Ohio.. 253 56,426 3,098 487,022 48,762 Ariz... 59 4.972 2771 49.989 3.599 Okla. 130 16,071 7601 128,637 13.057 Ark... 63 10.793 3571 70,145 8.798 Oreg.

72 11,245 602. 100,085 9.481 Callt.

358

79,281 3,504 665,043 64,699 Penn.. 354 90,792 4,938 723,209 76,632 Colo. 1001 13,832 688 105,0271 10,523 R. I.

26 8,389 419 44,402 6,966 Conn. 831 19,194 1,047 159,046 16,237|S. C 62 10,625 428 101,207 9.140 Del..

17 3,1961 195 21,587 2.510ls. D.. 571 5,623 396 50,757 3,997 D. ofc 291 15,9231 697 120,3401 13,683||Tenn.. 103) 16,731 769 152,606) 13,794 Fla

101 12,939 745 129,7081 9,926 Texas.. 346 38,608 2,133 404,640 30,445 Ga....

1201
16,448 790 179.882 13,986|| Utah..

3.768 3881 44,927 3,004 Idaho.. 42 3,374 3111 38,2351 2,703Vt..... 31 4.138 2121 32.225 3,412 Ill.....

306 82,025 4,280 702,858 69,731 Va.... 110 22,516 773 175,0181 19.055 Ind....

135)

25,989 1.365 217,1181 21,919 Wash. 1181 18.882 1,1311 167.2781 15.531 Iowa.. 150 20.734 1,252) 176.9611 17,107 W. Va. 81 10.828 578! 130,711 8,663 Kan... 119 15,144

850
125,760 11,872 Wisc...

226

32,052 1,929 270.651 26,422 Ky.... 991 16,286) 672 125,9051 13,303Wyo... 291 2.971 177 21,675 2.187 Le....

741 17,767 752) 219,214 14,702 Me.... 62 7,513 459 59.780 6,502 Totals Md. ... 77 20,912 830 141,6361 17,983 (1940) 6,291 1.226,245 61,939 10,087,548 1,026,171 Mass.. 248 61,318 3,024 424,951 52,809 (1939) 6,226 1.195,026 58.764 9,879.244996,483 Mich..

242

53,420 2.632 414,094 44,082 (1938) 6,166 1,161,380 56.747 9,421,075 965,706 Minn.. 215 30.381 1.764 272,492) 25.679|| (19375) 6,1281,124,548 55,566 9,221,5171 944,436 Miss...

9.5491 435 85,934 7,923 (1936) 6,189 1,096,721 54.225 8,646,885) 908,516 Mo....

147 32,219 1,5741 258.121 26,305 (1935) 6,246 1,075,139 53.310 7,717,154 875,510 Mont..

5,441 559 61,307 4,212 (1934) 6,334 1.048,101 53,026 7,147,4161 830,098 Nebr.. 96 10,828 719 85,574 8,580 (1933) 6,437 1.027,046 52,464 7.037.982 810,271 Ney... 17 1,054 961

11,232 815 (1932) 6.562 1.014,354 52,232 7,228,151 808,445 N. H. 43 5,672 414 43,497 4,546 (1931) 6.613 974,11551,494 7,155,976 775,396 N. J...! 167 46,405 2,319 325,530 38,887 (1930) 6.719 955,869 49,584

763,382 56 4,246 268 35,354 2.8721 (1929) 6,665 907,133 47,939.

726,766 571 188,985 8,286 1.329,213 167.075 (1928) 6.825 892,934 43,313.. NC:

166/
20,353 1.010 213.292 15,627|| (1927) 6,807 853,318......

671,832 D. 511 5,977 459) 56,177 4,731|| According to the U. S. Bureau of the Census there were in 1939 a total of 6.991 hospitals, of which 6.350 were General. 485 were Tuberculosis, 594 were Nervous and Mental, and 562 were other.

Beds numbered 1.186.262 (excluding bassinets); admissions in the year were 9.626.682: total patient days, 355, 145,063.

94

62

NM.

NY: /

Progress in the Fight Against the Venereal Diseases

Source: United States Public Health Service Inprecedented advance has been made in the grams. It is expected that discovery of venereal United States in recent years in the attack on disease among men of military age will not only

result in the treatment of many cases and in the the venereal diseases. Among the important in

consequent removal of sources of infection, but dices of progress are the expansion and improve.

will stimulate increased venereal disease control ment of diagnostic and treatment facilities, the

activities in State and local health departments. greater percentage of patients now being treated

Effective community programs-and it is in the in the early stages of syphilis, the greater percen

communities where syphilis is controlled-embrace tage of patients continuing treatment until cured,

nine points listed by the Public Health Service as the increase in the number of States with special

essential. These are: divisions of venereal disease control, the increase

1. A trained public health staff which knows in salutary legislation, and the increasing number

how to deal with syphilis. 2. Regulations requirof States providing free distribution of drugs used

ing reporting and follow-up on all cases of syphilis. in the treatment of syphilis. While the venereal

3. Facilities for treatment of all patients-both diseases include, primarily, syphilis and gonor

those who can and who cannot pay. 4. Free laborhea, the heaviest attack is being directed at

ratory service available to all physicians and syphilis, as that disease is the most damaging.

clinics. New drugs-sulfathiazol especially-have made an

5. Distribution of free antisyphilitic drugs to all effective attack on gonorrhea possible.

physicians and clinics. 6 Blood tests for all pregOn July 1, 1938, there were approximately 1,750

nant women, and treatment where required. 7. clinics and dispensaries for the treatment of the

Blood tests of all persons. before marriage. 8. venereal diseases. These facilities had increased

Blood tests in all complete physical examinations. to more than 3,000 by January, 1941.

9. An educational program, There has been a corresponding increase in the

All present available evidence indicates that number of laboratories, at present over 2,000, for

community programs of this nature will substanthe detection of venereal disease, and in the num

tially affect the statistical picture of syphilis today ber of tests performed. In 1930 only 1,632,000

-a picture which shows that more than 100.000 blood tests were made for syphilis and 605,631

persons die each year from syphilis; one in 10 laboratory tests for gonorrhea, whereas in the cases of insanity is due to syphilis: one in seven fiscal year 1940 the respective figures were 10,216,

cases of blindness is due to syphilis; 25,000 babies 978 and 1,083,086. In 1930 only 880,276 doses of die each year from syphilis: 60.000 children are arsphenamine were administered, as compared born with syphilis each year; 10,000,000 persons with 6.895,837 doses distributed in the fiscal year! now have or have had syphilis. 1940.

Money is essential to put into effect in each The serologic tests required to be made by the cornmunity programs which will make possible the examining physicians of the local draft boards control of syphilis. under the Selective Service Act of 1940 have The general public and various voluntary and brought to light many heretofore undisclosed professional organizations, led by the American cases of syphilis and gonorrhea. Among the first Social Hygiene Association, began to demand that 1.070.000 men examined between November, 1940, something be done: in 1938 Congress passed the and April, 1941, there were discovered 48,000 cases La Follette-Bulwinkle Bill. It authorized approof syphilis and 15,000 cases of gonorrhea. The priations to enable the Public Health Service to syphilis rates varied from a low of 1.4 per 1,000 aid States in the control of the venereal diseases. for white persons, 43.9 per 1,000 for Negroes, in A sum of $3.000.000 was authorized for the fiscal areas where long continued and adequate venereal year 1939, $5.000.000 for 1940, and $7.000.000 for disease control programs had been in operation, to 1941. Appropriations as authorized were made a high of 53.5 per 1,000 for white persons, 380.4 for the fiscal years 1939 and 1940. For the fiscal per 1.000 for Negroes, in economically and socially 1 year 1941 Congress appropriated $6,200,000 and for poorer States which have had no long term pro- 1942 $6,250,000.

Patients in Hospitals for Mental Disease, Jan. 1, 1940

Source: United States Bureau of the Census

11

No.

States
No. 1 States

No. 1
States 1 No.

States
Alabama.....
7.026|Iowa......

9,308|Nevada...... 348| South Dakota.. 1.604 Arizona... 903 Kansas ..., 4.897 New Hampshire 2.154||Tennessee....

6.219 Arkansas... 5,518 Kentucky. 6.880||New Jersey...... 17,465 Texas

14,218 California.. 25,299|Louisiana ... 6.484|New Mexico..... 840||Utah......

1,041 Colorado.... 4,716 Maine.... 2.729|| New York....... 76,377 Vermont...

1,839 Connecticut 7,690 Maryland.

9,042||North Carolina.. 6,967| Virginia..... 10.157 Delaware..

1,201 Massachusetts 24,776||North Dakota... 1.900|| Washington., 7,058 Dist. of Col. 5.962|Michigan.... 17.128||Ohio.

21,253 West Virginis .. 3,886 Florida.. 4,502|Minnesota.... 10.948||Oklahoma.......

6.934 Wisconsin..... 12,980 Georgia.. 8,5981 Mississippi.. 4.735||Oregon.......

4.6881 Wyoming...... 1,149 Idaho....

972||Missouri... 12,462|Pennsylvania,... 34,215 Illinois.... 33.754|Montana...,

1,894 Rhode Island... 2,999 Total U. S. 472,385 Indiana...... 10.097||Nebraska...

4,085||South Carolina... 4,488) The figures above show resident patients at the end of 1939-400,017 in public hospitals (including 28,653 under care of the Veterans' Administration) and 11,252 in private institutions.

The table above does not include 80,189 mental defectives and 16,286 epileptics in other state institutions.

7,000,000 Enrolled in Non-Profit Hospitalization

Source: C. R. Rorem, Director, Hospital Service Plan, American Hospital Association More than 7.000.000 persons in 30 States had | The movement is sponsored by the American placed hospital care in the family budget on July Hospital Association, which, through the Hospital 1, 1941, through community-sponsored non-profit Service Plan Commission, approves plans which hospital service plans often referred to as Blue meet certain standards of public service, community Cross Plans-which use the principles of social and participation, hospital sponsorship, and economic private insurance to remove the hazard of hospital stability. Approved plans are permitted to identify bills. The subscribers to such plans represent the themselves by the use of the seal of the American employees of more than 100,000 firms, ranging from Hospital Association superimposed upon & blue corner groceries to nation-wide industrial plants, I cross. The enrollment as of July 1, 1941: No. of

No. of
State
Blue Cross No. of Par State

Blue Cross No. of Par-
Plans ticipants

Plans

ticipants New York...

1,868,429
Louisiana.....

3

70.865 Ohio.. 890.523 Colorado.

68.824 Pennsylvania: 767,401 Rhode Island

50.086 Michigan.... 436.189 Canada....

47.963 Minnesota.. 416,537 Wisconsin..

39,320 Illinois...... 383,163 Kentucky...

34,152 Massachusetts 298,384 Georgia...

33,234 New Jersey.. 277,942 Delaware...

32,668 Missouri ...... 242,932

30.821 Connecticut 239,765 Maine.....

27,224 North Carolina.. 216,111 North Dakota.....

13,671 District of Columbia. 125,000 Oklahoma.....

13,516 Callfornia. 100,692 West Virginia..

13,240 Maryland... 100.000 Tennessee.....

9,969 Virginia...

93,199 Alabama.....

73,437
Totals.....

67 1 ,015,177

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Iowa.........

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The growth by years:

Date

Number 1 No. of Par-
of Plans ticipants

Date

Number | No. of Par. of Plans ticipants

33

1933.
6,000 1938

1,950,000 1934, 26,000 1939

4,030,000 1935.

97.000
1940.

5,025,000 1936

370,000
1941.....

7,016,000 1937.

970,000 No two hospital service plans are identical, but. Many of the "approved" plans are under the they are alike in principle. Each one is a com- | legal control of special "enabling acts" adminismunity-sponsored non-profit corporation, the tered by the various state departments of insurance trustees of which serve without pay. The board

and public welfare. Others are organized in accord of directors is selected by or from important

with general corporation or insurance laws. In

every instance, the approved plans replace or groups in the community, including hospitals,

supplement other legal requirements for protection medical profession, industry, welfare. and labor.

of the subscriber with hospital-guaranty contracts The corporation or "plan" enters into contracts | by which the member-hospitals agree to furnish with employed persons who make regular sub the stated services to paid-up subscribers. scriptions of fifty to eighty-five cents a month an

Blue Cross hospital plan benefits are available in individual, or $1.00 to $2.00 a month a family, into

| service, not case, but the "service benefits" in a common fund which is used to pay necessary member-hospitals are translated into cash allowhospital bills. Each employed subscriber and his ances in other institutions when & subscriber is family dependents are entitled (in general) to absent from the community where he has enrolled, three or four weeks of hospital care in a ward or Through the Hospital Service Plan Commission, semi-private room, depending upon the subscrip arrangements were begun in 1941 by which paldtion agreement in each community.

up subscribers may transfer from one approved The corporations also enter into contracts with plan to another, also receive service benefits in "member-hospitals in each community, which out-of-town hospitals. guarantee to furnish the designated services to The 1941 income of Blue Cross plans was approxisubscribers in need of hospital care, for which the mately $45.000.000, of which 80 per cent was paid institutions receive stated per-diem payments from for hospital care, 10 per cent used for promotion the Blue Cross plan. Subscribers are enrolled on a and administration, and 10 per cent reserved for group basis through their places of employment. I epidemics and other emergencies.

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