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Officials of Cook County

Source: Office Cook County Clerk

(Terms expire in 1942.)
BOARD OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS

10 from Chicago. Clayton F. Smith, D., President.

| Elizabeth A. Conkey, D. ' Daniel Ryan, D.

Edward M. Sneed, D. Peter Fosco, D.

Frank Bobrytzke, D. John E. Traeger, D.

Mary McEnerney, D.

5 from outside Chicago. William Busse, R.

Smith, president. George A. Miller, R.

Jury commissioners-President John E. Traeger, William N. Erickson, R.

Sr., $4,000; Secretary, William H. Crudon, $4,000: George F. Nixon, R.

John J. Hurley, $4,000.

Probation officer (chief adult)-William Salaries-President of Board, $12.000; members,

D. $7,500.

Meyering, $7,187.50. County assessor-John S. Clark, D., $14,999.

Public guardian-Winifred G. McIntyre, $8.500.

Public Service Department Superintendent, JoBoard of Tax Appeals--Emmett Whealan, D., seph H. Donahue, $7,187.50. $10.000; Paul Drymalski, D., $10.000. .

Recorder of deeds-Edward J. Kaindi. $9,0 00. Bureau of Public Welfare Director, Joseph L. Registrar of titles-Edward J. Kaindl. Moss, $7,187.50

Sherif-Thomas J. O'Brien, D., $9,960. Coroner-A. L. Brodie, $9,000.

State's attorney Thomas J. Courtney. $15.000: Coroner-Frank J. Walsh, $9,000.

term expires 1944. County architect-Eric E. Hall.

Civil, Service commission-President, William P. Courty auditor-Lee J. Howard, $6,708.40. Haberkorn, $4,500. County clerk-Michael J. Flynn, D., $9,000. Superintendent of highways-George A. Quinlan, County comptroller Michael J. Flynn.

$12.000. County superintendent of schools-Noble "J. Cook County Jail-Superintendent, Frank G. Puffer, D., $12,000.

Sain, $4.791.60. County treasurer-John Toman, D., $9.960. | Cook County hospital-Warden, Manus MeForest preserve of Cook County-Clayton F. I closky, $11,500.

Municipal Court of Chicago

(Salaries, chief justice $15,000 a year; associate justices $10,000)
Clerk-Joseph L. Gill; terms expire on first Monday of December in year indicated
| Term

Term

Term
Name
Expires

Name
Expires

Name

Expires John Gutknecht ... 1944 Edward Luczak. 1944 J. M. Braude

1946 Lambert K. Hayes... 1944 Mason S. Sullivan...

1944 Leroy Hackett..

1946 Eugene J. Holland ... 1944 Gibson E. Gorman.

1946 || Joseph J. Drucker... 1946 N. J. Bonelli ......... 1944 Francis Borrelli ......

1946 Joseph B. Hermes..

1946 William V. Daly... 1944 Frank M. Padden....

1946 Stephen Adamowski, 1946 Joseph H. McGarry

1944 Matthew D. Hartigan... 1946 1.John J. Griffin ....... 1946 Cecil Corbett Smith... 1944 Harold P. O'Connell... 1946 Edward S, Sheffier* .... 1948 Frank E. Donoghue. 1944 George B. Welss.....

1946 Samuel Heller.....

1948 Victor A. Kuis.....

1944 * Chief justice.

County Court (Cook)

Clerk-Michael J. Flynn (1942) Judge--Edmund K. Jarecki, D., term expires 1942. PROBATE_COURT (COOK COUNTY)

Judge John F. O'Connell, D., term expires in CRIMINAL COURT (COOK COUNTY)

1942. Judge Judges of the Superior and Circuit Clerk-Frank Lyman, D., term expires 1942. courts alternate in presiding.

JUVENILE COURT (COOK COUNTY) Clerk --Thomas J. Bowler, D., term expires 1942.) Judge-Frank Bicek, term expires 1945.

Circuit Court of Cook County
Terms of justices six years; all terms expire June, 1945, headkuarters County Building.

* Clerk John E. Conroy
Judges
Judges

Judges

Judges Frank H. Bicek, D, C. J. Harrington,

**Robert J. Dunne, D. D. F. Matchtet. R. D. J. Normoyle, D. Walter J. La Buy, I W. V. Brothers, R. G. Fred Rush, R. Benjamin P. Epstein, D. Thomas J. Lynch, D. Michael Feinberg, R. Kickham Scanlan, R. P.J. Finnegan, D. #John Prystalski, I Hugo M. Friend, R. Daniel P. Trude. R. Harry M. Fisher, D. Joseph Burke. D.

S. H. Klarkowski, R. Julius H. Miner, R. *Chief justice. **Chief justice criminal division,

National 1941 Cornhusking Championship

The 18th annual corn husking championship of Carlson, of Madrid, Ia., with 44.36 bushels, third the United States was held (Nov. 3. 1941) in for the second consecutive year in national comTonica, Ill., and was won by Floyd Wise, Prairie petition. Donley Martin, of Buffalo, Minn., was Center, ill., who picked 45.37 bushels of corn in fourth with 43.25 bushels; Cameron Krauel of 80 minutes--a rate better than 60 ears a minute. Grey, Ia., fifth with a load of 41.89; and Kenneth A crowd of 115.000 persons viewed the test. Johnson, of Lakefield, Minn., sixth with 41.63. Twenty-two pickers from 11 States were entered. The all-time record was established (1940) by Second place was taken by Leland Klein, of Meta-Irvin Bauman, an Illinois farmer with a count mora, ill., with 45.21 bushels. Next came Ivyll of 46.71.

195,427 Forest Fires Reported in 1940

The Department of Agriculture reported (Oct. in 1940. There were 195,427 forest fires that year. 4. 1941) that the nation's 146,749,000 acres of un-compared with 212,671 in 1939 when the damage protected forest lands suffered $35,877.000 damage reached $40.000.000.

Public Trusts in the United States
Source: World Almanac Questionnaire

Year Original Assets at Amount Ex-
Name

Founded Endowment | Last Report pend, to Date The Rockefeller Foundation..

1913 $182,814,480 $140,922,200 $310,523,672 Carnegie Corporation of New Yo

1911 125,000,000 165,518,577 $186,804,990 General Education Board .....

1902 129,209 167 13,937,413 256,371,392 Charles Hayden Foundation.....

1937 50,000,000 50,000,000 4,000,000 The Duke Endowment .....

1924 40,000,000 Omitted

Omitted Julius Rosenwald Fund.......

1917 20,000,000 3,600.347 16,620,672 Russell Sage Foundation .....

1907 15,000,000 15,200,000 19,307,000 Horace H. Rackham and Mary A. Rack

1933 12,500,000 (See descriptivel paragraph) Mary Louise Curtiss Bok Foundation.

1931 12,500,000 Omitted

Omitted The Buhl Foundation....

1928

12,483,151 12,734,289 *3,674,656 Children's Fund of Michigan.....

1929

12,100,000 8,514,344 8,433,231 Juilliard Musical Foundation......

1920 12.000.000 Omitted Omitted Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.. 1910

10,000,000 11,121,067 18,628,950 Carnegle Foundation for the Advancement of

1905

10,000,000 21,056,683 40,569.056 Carnegie Institution of Washington

1902

10,000,000 39,677, 703 45,558,556 Commonwealth Fund.....

1918

10,000,000 51,218,551 37.706,184 Spelman Fund of New York...

1928

2,537,816 11,654,806 Maurice and Laura Falk Foundation..

1929

7,000,000 3,819,712 1,193,152 Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation .......

1936
7.000.000 7,000,000

460,329 Cranbrook Foundation..............

1927

6,682,055 8,591,276 12,825,227 Carnegie Hero Fund Commission......

1904
5,000,000 Omitted

6,102,820 John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.. 1925

3,000,000 6,692,353 2,300,000 John and Mary R. Markle Foundation ....

1927

3,000,000 15,447,495 6,394,594 Milbank Memorial Fund...

1905

3,000,000 9,712,049 11,797,443 Permanent Charity Fund..

1915

2,836,553 5,572,978 4,845,159 Kresge Foundation ...........

1924

1,557,376 57,510,347 2,477,343 Daniel and Florence Guggenhe

1924

1.185.000 2,486,000 2,600,000 W. W. Kellogg Foundation.

1930

1,000,000 47,319,004 9,330,352 New York Foundation .......

1909
1,000,000 Omitted

4,897,504 Phelps-Stokes Fund..

1911

986.000 1,212,863 1,846, 747 Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.....

1936
500,000 5,563,316

1.599.008 Cleveland Foundation ................ ..

1914

260.933 6,745,7861 2 ,512,738 (*) Does not include $1,700,000 expended in building Chatham Village as a demonstration investment in large-scale housing.

The permanent purpose of The Rockefeller along physical, mental and spiritual lines" in the Foundation. New York City, is "to promote the South. Duke University (former Trinity college) is well being of mankind throughout the world. Its I the chief beneficiary of the Endowment. Other program, in terms of broad objective, is the ad schools in the Carolinas also receive funds. Other vancement of knowledge, with emphasis at present objectives of the trust are the maintenance of hos

non certain specific fields: Medical sciences pitals, the care of superannuated Methodist (psychiatry): natural sciences (experimental bi- preachers and orphans. To the original endowment ology): public health (development of general was added $10,000,000 and two-thirds of the re. public health activities and study and control of siduary estate. The main office of the endowment certain diseases); social sciences (international re is in New York City. lations, social security, public administration); the The Julius Rosenwald Fund, Chicago, in 1940 humanities (efforts tending to raise the general completed the twenty-third year of its work. Cultural level and to promote cultural interchange The year's activities included: Experimental work between countries). Except to a limited extent in in rural schools, especially in the South, with public health, the Foundation is not an operating | a view to improving rural education and so imorganization. Its activities are confined to the proving rural life itself. Fellowships for advanced support of other agencies and to the training, study by exceptionally able Negroes and white through post-doctoral fellowships, of competent southerners. Ald to the most important Negro personnel in the various felds of knowledge.

universities. General study of race and culture and Carnegie Corporation of New York, New York particular activity in this racial field toward imCity. was established by Andrew Carnegie for the proving the opportunities and conditions of Negroes advancement and diffusion of knowledge and under in America. Julius Rosenwald provided that capital standing among the people of the United States | as well as income may be spent at any time in the and the British Dominions and Colonies. The discretion of the trustees, and that the entire fund, present program of the Corporation includes the both capital and income, must be spent within support of educational and scientific research, pub twenty-five years of his death, which occurred lications of professional and scholarly societies and | Jan. 6. 1932. associations, fine arts education through educa The Russell Sage Foundation, New York City. Fonal institutions and national organizations, adult was created by Mrs. Russell Sage in 1907. as a

notion Ibrary service and training, and support memorial to her husband. Its purpose is for the of various related projects which give promise of improvement of social and living conditions in providing new knowledge.

America." Its departments give special attention The General Education Board was endowed by to studies in the social work field and to research John D. Rockefeller with the stated object of concerning various problems in the more general

promoting education within the United States of field of the social sciences. Its staff interprets these America, without distinction of race, sex or creed." findings-makes the information available through The present program concentrates on Southern publications, conferences, and other means of education. It takes the form of assisting state public education, and in various other ways stimugovernments and higher institutions to undertake lates action for social betterment. studies, experiments, and demonstrations in public The Trustees of the Horace H. Rackham and education studies of significant southern Interests Mary A. Rackham Fund have disbursed all the and problems: qualitative development of selected capital funds left by the will of the late Mr. RackIntitutions. improvement of personnel. Special ham. Within a short time the corporation will programs in Negro education relate to supervision be dissolved. and promotion of public schools, basic development Mary Louise Curtis Bok Foundation, Philadel. of selected higher institutions, and training of phia, was created in 1931 by Mrs. Edward Bok, for staffs.

the support of music and musical education, supHayden Foundation. The Charles Hayden Foun port and promotion of the fine arts, science, sciendation, founded in 1937, aims to assist needy boys tific research, invention, discovery, or general eduand young men; to aid clubs, gymnasia and recre cation. The principal beneficiaries are: Curtis ation centers in this country for the training and Institute of Music and the Settlement Music development of boys and young men; and to place School, both in Philadelphia, and the Research within their reach the privilege of education, men Studio, Maitland, Florida tal recreation and coordinate physical training. The purpose of the Buhl Foundation, Pittsburgh. Administrative offices are located at 25 Broad St., is to stimulate the advancement of human welfare New York City.

by experiment, demonstration, and research. PrinThe Duke Endowment was established by James cipal grants have been to existing agencies or Buchanan Duke to promote "the needs of mankind especially established agencies for promotion of

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1939.

nationally significant programs in the Pittsburgh Reynolds Babcock and Mrs. Nancy Reynolds Bagdistrict in regional economic, social, and historiealley, for charitable, civic and elecmosynary purposes research, higher education (including social work within the State of North Carolina, by a grant of training at the graduate level), public health, and all the property received by them from the estate mental hygiene. The Foundation built Chatham of their late brother, Zachary Smith Reynolds of Village at a cost of $1.700,000, seeking to show the Winston-Salem, North Carolina. The first project commercial practicability of building for long-term undertaken by the Foundation was the inaugurainvestment and management of large-scale garden tion of a campaign for the control of venereal home communities, and to promote new and higher disease in the State of North Carolina through 8

iards in urban "white-collar" housing. Largest donation to the State Health Department. appropriation is $1,081,000 to build Buhl Planeta Cranbrook Foundation was established in 1927 rium and Institute of Popular Science, opened in with an endowment of $6,682,055 from George G.

and Ellen S. Booth, to be devoted to the compleThe Children's Fund of Michigan, Detroit, was tion of the religious, educational and cultural founded by the late United States Senator James projects begun by the founders at Cranbrook, Couzens to promote the health, welfare, and hap Bloomfield Hills, Mich. piness of the children of the State of Michigan, The principal purposes of the Carnegie Hero and elsewhere in the world." Principal as well as Fund Commission, Pittsburgh, as expressed by the earnings are to be spent within twenty-five years founder, Andrew Carnegie, are: "To place those from the date of the gift. The work is confined to following peaceful vocation, who have been injured Michigan, where the Fund carries on directly local in heroic effort to save human life, in somewhat public health organization, health education, better positions pecuniarily than before, until again pediatric clinics in rural areas, oral hygiene, rural able to work. In case of death, the widow and nursing, eye correction, child guidance through children, or other dependents, to be provided for mental hygiene, and medical research. The Fund until she remarries, and the children until they makes grants to other agencies in dependency and reach a self-supporting age. For exceptional chilrecreational fields.

dren exceptional grants may be made for exceptional The Juilliard Musical Foundation, New York education. Grants of sums of money may also be City, was set up by Augustus D. Juilliard to extend made to heroes or heroines as the Commission musical education and recreation.

thinks advisable each case to be judged on its The general purpose of the Carnegie Endowment merits. A medal shall be given to the hero, or for International Peace, Washington, D. C., is 'to widow, or next of kin, which shall recite the heroic hasten the abolition of international war." The deed it commemorates, that descendants may know activities of the Endowment are of an educational and be proud of their descent. The medal shall be nature and are conducted through the issuance of given for the heroic act, even if the doer be uninpublications, arrangements for lectures and meet jured, and also a sum of money, should the Comings of individuals and groups in the United States mission deem such gift desirable." and other countries to advance the cause of peace The John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundaamong nations, to hasten the renunciation of war tion, New York City, grants fellowships to citizens as an instrument of international policy., to en and permanent residents of the United States, to courage and promote methods for the peaceful assist research in any field of knowledge and settlement of international differences, and for the creative work in any of the fine arts. The Fellowincrease of international understanding and con ships are awarded to men and women who have cord, and to aid in the development of interna demonstrated unusual capacity for productive tional law and the acceptance by all nations of the scholarship or unusual creative ability in the fine principles underlying such law.

arts. The Fellowships are granted for varying The purposes of the Carnegie Foundation for the periods, long or short, depending on the amount Advancement of Teaching, New York City, include of time needed by the Fellows for the work they providing retiring pensions without regard to race, propose. The stipends granted Fellows are normally sex, creed, or color, for the teachers of univer $2,500 a year. Fellows may go to any part of the sities, colleges, and technical schools in the United world where their work can best be done. The States. Dominion of Canada, and Newfoundland" Foundation also offers a limited number of Feland "in general to do and perform all things lowships, for work in the United States, to Cananecessary to encourage, uphold, and dignify the dians and, on its Latin American Fellowship plan. profession of the teacher and the cause of higher to Puerto Ricans, and to citizens of Argentina, education" in those countries. For these purposes Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay. the Foundation has paid retiring allowances to The purpose of the Foundation is "the advance1,945 former teachers and pensions to 1,083 widows. ment and diffusion of knowledge and understanding Through its Division of Educational Enquiry it has and the appreciation of beauty, by aiding without studied and reported upon numerous problems of distinction on account of race, color or creed, higher education in the United States and Canada. scholars, scientists, and artists of either sex in the

The object of the Carnegie Institution of Wash- prosecution of their labors." ington, Washington, D. C., is to encourage investi The John and Mary R. Markle Foundation, New gation, research and discovery, and the application York City, has limited its new interests to support of knowledge to the improvement of mankind. The of research programs in the medical sciences. Prior Institution desires to advance fundamental research to 1935 the Foundation was interested in the field in fields not normally covered by other agencies, of social welfare and there are a few organizations and has organized its own departments of research outside of medical research to which fairly substanin astronomy, in the terrestrial sciences, in the tial support has been given for a number of years, biological sciences and in historical research.

which it has been selt expedient to continue temThe Commonwealth Fund, New York City, was porarily. founded by Mrs. Stephen V. Harkness. Its activities The Milbank Memorial Fund, New York City, was have been largely concentrated in the fields of edu established and endowed by Mrs. Elizabeth Milcation, health, including hospitals in rural districts; bank Anderson in 1905 as a memorial to her father medical education, medical research, and mental and mother, Jeremiah and Elizabeth Lake Milbank. hygiene. The Fund also makes small grants in the with an initial gift of $3,000,000. The general purfield of legal research and occasional miscellaneous pose of the foundation is to improve the physical, grants for philanthropic and social welfare pur mental and moral condition of humanity and genposes.

erally to advance charitable and benevolent obThe Spelman Fund of New York was chartered jects." Mrs. Anderson increased her gifts from in 1928. Its present program is centered upon the year to year until they amounted to $9.315.175 at improvement of methods and techniques in public the time of her death in 1921. The Fund assists administration. Support is extended to public and official and private agencies and institutions in the quasi-public agencies for dissemination of in field of public health and medicine, education, formation on current administrative developments: social welfare and research. Emphasis is given to for study and improvement of administrative prac- activities which are preventive rather than palliatices; and for testing new methods and devices tive. under actual operating conditions.

The Permanent Charity Fund was organized in The Maurice and Laura Falk Foundation, Pitts- | Boston in 1915 to accept gifts to the fund, the prinburgh, confines its activities to the making of cipal to be held invested and income each year to grants to economic research studies. Within this be applied to charitable purposes. The committee field, it makes its appropriations to established consists of 7 residents of Massachusetts and no economic research organizations; the Foundation, person seeking or holding public office is eligible. itself, does not conduct research. The grants are The first funds were received in 1917 and amounted for the specific budgets of studies which deal to $2,836,553. directly with matters affecting American trade, The general purposes of the Kresge Foundation. industry and finance. It is the purpose of this re- Detroit, as set forth in the declaration of trust by search to result in publications which are addressed S. S. Kresge, are: "The purposes for which this to the lay audience of the general public.

Foundation is created are the promotion of eleeThe Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation was estab mosynary, philanthropic and charitable means of lished in 1936 by Richard J. Reynolds. Mrs. Mary i any all of the means of human progress, whether

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they be for the benefit of religious, charitable, series; the University of Pennsylvania, for its Tax benevolent or education institutions or public Institution, the Massachusetts Institute of Techbenefactions of whatsoever name or nature." The nology, and the University of Denver, for special discretion of the Trustees regarding disposition groups of sponsored fellowships, of the income from the Fund, for purposes indi- The Cleveland Foundation, a community trust, cated, shall not be questioned, except for a flagrant is an agency organized for the permanent adabuse thereof.

ministration of funds placed in trust for public The Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Founda educational or charitable purposes for benefit of tion, New York City, has for its objects the promo inhabitants of Cleveland and vicinity and other tion, through charitable and benevolent activities, communities within Ohio as designated by donors. the well-being of mankind throughout the world." Illustrative purposes are: assisting public charitable

W. K. Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, Mich. or educational institutions, promoting scientific Purpose: To advance the health, education and research for the advancement of human knowledge well-being of children without regard to race, and the alleviation of human suffering: providing creed or geographical boundary. The present pro scholarships to young men or women of slender gram is made up of national and international | means; care of the sick, aged and helpless: care health promotion activities, the granting of fel of needy men, women and children; improvement lowships and administration of the Michigan Com of living and working condition; providing facilities. munity Health Project which involves seven coun for public recreation; promotion of social and ties in southwestern Michigan.,

domestic hygiene, promotion of sanitation and The New York Foundation was incorporated in measures for the prevention of disease: research 1909. Its objects, for which the income may be into the causes of ignorance, poverty, crime and expended, are "to receive and maintain a fund or vice. funds and to apply the income thereof to altruistic The Henry C. Frick Educational Commission was purposes, charitable, benevolent, educational or set up in 1909 in Pittsburgh with an original fund otherwise within the United States of America, as of $250,000, later increased to $2,500,000, by Henry the Trustees may determine."

C. Frick for improvement of the teaching in PittsPhelps-Stokes Fund, of New York City, incor burgh public schools. Assets at last report were porated in 1911, to improve housing conditions in | $2.810,159 and the amount expended $1.379,293. New York City and to encourage practical educa

The A. W. Mellon Educational and Charitable tion for handicapped people.

Trust founded by Andrew W. Mellon in a deed of The Alfred P Sloan Foundation is confining its I trust dated Dec. 30. 1930. with an indenture dated present activities to the field of economic research June 6. 1935, is to be administered and operated and education. Within this field it makes grants exclusively for the benefit of such religious, chariin-aid to fully accredited educational institutions table, scientific, literary and educational purposes of recognized standing to carry out specific projects. as shall be in furtherance of the public welfare Among its current beneficiaries are: The Univer and tend to promote the well-doing and well-being sity of Chicago for its Round Table of the Air; of mankind, or for the use of the United States, New York University for its Educational Film In- ! any state, territory, or any political subdivision stitute: Stephens College at Columbia, Mo., for thereof, or the District of Columbia, for such its Institute for Consumer Education; the Public exclusively public purposes as the Trustees shall Affairs Committee of New York for its pamphlet' determine.

National Best Sellers, 1940-1941

Source: The Publishers' Weekly
1940

Jan. 1, 1941--July 1, 1941
Fiction

Fiction Hlow Green Was My Valley, by Richard Llewellyn; Random' Harvest, by James Hilton; 121,000 to 176,280 in 1940.

June, 1941. Kitty Foyle, by Christopher Morley: not available.

For Whom the Bell Tolls. by Ernest Hemingway: Mrs. Miniver, by Jan Struther; 92,000 plus 150,000

565.000, including book club copies, in 1940 and book club copies in 1940. For Whom the Bell Tolls, by Ernest Hemingway:

to June, 1941.

Oliver Wiswell, by Kenneth Roberts: 300.000 in 440,000, including book club copies in 1940.

1940. The Nazarene, by Sholem Asch; 300,000, including book club copies. in 1939 and 1940; 218,456 in

H. M. Pulham, Esquire, by John P. Marquand; 1939, 81.514 in 1940.

223,000, including book club copies, to April, 1941. Stars on the Sea, by F. van Wyck Mason; not This Above Ali, by Eric Knight; not available. available.

Delilah, by Marcus Goodrich: 40,000 to March, 1941, Oliver Wiswell, by Kenneth Roberts; 300,000 in Sapphira and the Slave Girl, by Willa Cather: 1940.

285,000, including book club copies in 1940 and The Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck; 473,324 to February, 1941.

in 1939 and 1940: 53,900 to bookstores in 1940, Mr. and Mrs. Cugat, by Isabel Scott Rorick; not 137,000 to book clubs.

available. Night in Bombay, by Louis Bromfield: not available.

In This Our Life, by Ellen Glasgow; 50,000 to The Family, by Nina Fedorova; 60,000 in 1940.

June, 1941.
Non-Fiction

Mrs. Miniver, by Jan Struther: 250.000, including I Married Adventure, by Osa Johnson; 200,000, in

book club copies, in 1940 and to March, 1941. cluding book club copies, in 1940.

Non-Fiction How to Read a Book, by Mortimer Adler: 72,000 in 1940.

Out of the Night, by Jan Valtin; 347,000, including A Smattering of Ignorance, by Oscar Levant; not

book club copies, to March, 1941. available,

The White Cliffs, by Alice Duer Miller: 118,000 to Country Squire in the White House, by John T. June, 1941. Flynn: 100.000 in 1940.

Blood, Sweat and Tears, by Winston S. Churchill; Land Below the Wind, by Agnes Newton Keith; not 250,000, including book club copies, to June, 1941. available.

Exit Laughing, by Irvin S. Cobb; not available. American White Paper, by Joseph W. Alsop. Jr..

Winston Churchill, by René Kraus; not available. and Robert Kintner; 64,000 in 1940 through the

My Sister and I, by Dirk van der Heide; 35,000 to trade; 20,000 through special outlets.

February, 1941. New England: Indian Summer, by Van Wyck

The Wounded Don't Cry, by Quentin Reynolds, not Brooks; 185,000, including book club copies, in

available. 1940. As I Remember Him, by Hans Zinsser; not avail

A Treasury of the World's Great Letters, ed. by

M. Lincoln Schuster: 270,000 in 1940 and to April. able. Days of Our Years, by Pierre Van Paassen:

1941. 273,000, including book club copies in 1939 and

The Time Is Now! by Pierre Van Paassen; 50.000 1940: 34,246 through the trade in 1940, 22,800 to June, 1941. book club copies.

Come Wind, Come Weather, by Daphne du MayBet It's a Boy, by Betty B. Blunt: 134.140 in 1940. rier; 162,000 to April, 1941.

$76,000,000 Tolls Paid in Year to Cross Rivers

The Federal Works Agency announced (March | The agency reported that about one-fifth of the 31, 1941) that approximately $76,000.000 was col- toll facilities were publicly owned and gradually lected in 1938 from the public in tolls for using 242 might become free as their original cost and mainbridges, 660 ferries and five tunnels to cross rivers. I tenance are paid.

Farmers' Marketing and Purchasing Cooperatives in the U. S.

Source: U. S. Farm Credit Administration)

Associations | Estimated Membership | Estimated Business Specified Groups

1937-1938-1939-
* 38° 739° 40' 1937-38 1938-39 1939-40 | 1937-38 | 1938-39 1939-40

No. No. No. No. No. No. $1,000 $1.000 $1,000
Marketing
Cotton and products....
415 476 536 350.000 315.000

73,000 78.000 Dairy products ........

2,421 2,373 2,395 700.000 650.000 620.000 686.000 610,000 560,000 Fruits, vegetables, nuts, . 1,216 1,162 1,1391 179,800 183,000 166.000 315,800 287,000 289.000 Graln, dry beans, rice... 2,619 2,540 2,462 360.000 367,000 365.000 475,000 383.000 390.000 Livestock .........

926 862 844 600,000 600,000 580,000 312,000 280.000 282,000 Poultry, eggs ......

194 180) 181 106,000 100.000 104.000 91.000 78,000 76,000 Wool, mohair ...

130 135 134. 50.000 60.000 62,000 11,300 13,000 11,000 Miscellaneous ....

379 372 360 154,200 135,000 133,000 48,900 41,000! 43.000 Total marketing..... 8,300 8,100 8,051 2,500,000/2,410,000 2,300,000/2,050,000 1,765,000/1,729,000 Purchasing ...............

2,600 2,600 2,649 900.000 890,0001 900,000 $350,000 .335,000 6358,000 Total marketing and _purchasing...........110,900/10,700 10,700'3,400,000|3,300,000/3,200,000 2,400,000/2,100,000/2.087,000

1 Based on data collected by mail surveys for specified marketing seasons which include the periods during which the farm products of specified crop years were moved into the channels of trade.

2Includes independent local associations, federations, large-scale centralized associations, Sales agencies, independent service-rendering associations, and subsidiaries whose businesses are distinct from those of the parent organizations.

Includes members, contract members, and shareholders, but does not include patrons not in these categories.

Includes some intra-association transactions, also the value of commodities for which associations render essential services either in marketing or purchasing and the value of commodities sold by associations either on & commission or a brokerage basis.

Includes associations handling commodities not specified above, those handling several types of commodities, and those furnishing special marketing or other services.

If adjustments are made for the marketing business handled by the purchasing associations and the purchasing business of the marketing associations, the revised figures for purchasing for the 3 periods are $440,000,000, $416,000,000 and $448,200,000.

COOPERATIVES IN THE U. S. AND THEIR OPERATIONS
Esti.

Esti-
Associa- mated | Estimated

Associa - mated Estimated Year tions member business

Year

tions member business ship

ship 1925-26 1,217 247,000 $135,000,000 ||1934-35.

1,906 790,000 $187,000,000 1927-28.. 1,205 398,000 128.000.000 1935-36.

2,112 950.000 254,000,000 1929-30.. 1.454 470,000 190,000,000 ||1936-37..

2,601 856.000 313,400,000 1930-31.. 1,588 392,000 215,000,000 ||1937-38..

2,600 900.000 350.000.000 1931-32 1.645 533,000 181,000,000 ||1938-39.....

2.600 890,000 335,000,000 1932-33... 1.648 | 542,700 140,500,000 ||1939-40....

2,649 900,000 358,000,000 1933-34..

1,848 | 692,000 | 152,000,000

[graphic]

of

Total

196

851
201

NJ

131

603)

Operations of Credit Unions in United States
Source: United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics
| No. of As-

No. of As-
State
sociations!

State

sociations! Number Loans

Number and Type

Loans and Type

of
During

or
Rel.
of

During

| Re-
Year
Total port- Members
Charter

Charter

Year

port-Members ing

ing All states 1940 9,510 8,894 2.816,653 $302.339,864||Mo...... 1940

3771 355 94.666 $9,688,709 St. Asso..1940 5,300 5,179 1,696,421 197,353,073 Mont....

lont.... 1940

3127 3.815 3245,333 Fed. asso. 1940 4,2103,715 1,120.232 104,986,791 Nebr. 1940 201

32,593 4,258.712 Ala......

1940
87
24,587 3,109,556 Nev...... 1940

685 37.727 Ariz.....

1940
21
33,1281 3420.549

NH

1940 161 16 5.265 3695,155 1940 39

361 Ark..

4,867 508,910

1940 245)

234

91,8481 8.655,825 11940 Calif. 4451 414 176.651 320,398,8271

1940

11

1.472 169,327 Colo.

1940
110 105 24,545 32,371,113

1940 796) 7251 255, 4631 $30.712,998 Conn." 1940 201) 178 69,966 5,521,426

1940 1711 1501 28,792 2,582,364 Del... 1940 121 2,542 221.2891

1940 871 68 37,561) 3459,018 1940 D. of C 1181 108 70,255 7,806,279 Ohio

1940

574 196,447 18,358,204 1940 Fla.

166
30.395 3,436,878 |Okla..... 1940 93

315,512

31,686.219 Ga..... 1940 157] 3153 339,350 33,112,280 Oreg. 1940

16,4651 1,735,420 Hawali 1940 95 33,722 4,437,697| Pa.

19401 600

201,1791 18,218,517 Idaho.... 1940

381
35 3,824 322,133 R. I. 1940

20,168 2,426,655 nl...... 1940 758) 310,809 37.385.536

19401

3441 38,378 3533,148 Ind..... 1940 307 288 86,826 38,249.8141S. S.4 19401 24 231 4,3501

447,750 Iowa.. 1940 2431 209 42.214 4,363,454 Tenn.... 1940 145) 1301 40,122 34,247.721

1940 126 Kan. 122 21,272

356 82, 150,418| Texas.... 1940 4011

396,568 911,173,725 Ky....

19401
127 113 32,668 33,099,023 Utah. 1940

11,325 31,093,323 1940 1181 105 332,003 33,441,868 Vt....... 1940

265 14,348 1940

41
351 8,420 747.761 Va..... 1940

27.843 3.078,118 Md.... 1940 74 72 29,296 2,338,363 Wash... 1940 2211 218 45.6931 34,497.402 Mass 1940

531

517 226,450 30,109,316 W. Va.. 1940 71 61 17.029 31,211,950 1940

256
235 83,533 11,703,055 | Wisc.5.... 1940

593

153,849 12,144.474 Minn.... 1940 369 364 74.372 7.854.645 Wyo..... 1940 2017 2,175 165,221 Miss....J1940) 201181 35,5201 1442,3110

1 Most of the difference between the total number of associations and the number reporting is accounted for by associations chartered but not in operation by the end of the year and associations in liquidation which had not relinquished their charter.

Revised figure. 3 Partly estimated. 4 Federal credit unions only. 6 State credit unions only. No Federal credit unions in operation although i had received a charter.

149

77

70

971

34

29

743

S.

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8501

58

Me..

Mich.

5921

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