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Governors Island in New York Harbor

Source: Historical and Military Records Governors Island, from the early days of Dutch Street at the close of the day often sailed over to rule in New York down to the present, has always the island to watch the races or sit on the veranda been a governinent reservation. It is egg shaped of the hotel. Those were in the days before the and lies half a mile south of the tip of Manhattan military took over the island. It was in 1784 that Island and is reached by a small ferry, operated Governor George Clinton leased the island to a by the government. To the Indians, the island Dr. Price, who laid out the race track and built the was Pagganack, translated by the Dutch to Nutten, hotel, In 1730 the island was ceded to the city the names meaning "the land where the nut trees and seventy years later title was turned over to

the Federal government, which established a miliThe island was purchased from the Indians by tary post. During the Civil War many ConfedWouter Van Twiller, a governor of New Nether- erate prisoners were held on the island and only land, and his Council in 1637 and the price was two were known to have escaped. It was in 1878 $1.65.

The island at that time was 100 acres in that the island was named headquarters of the extent, but the tides of Buttermilk Channel, be- Department of the East by General Hancock and tween the island and Brooklyn, washed away about since then has been an Army post. The Second forty acres. In 1903 the Army reclaimed part of Corps Area Headquarters and the 16th Infantry, tothe island and extended the area of the post to gether with certain miscellaneous troops are now 103 acres. The present area is 173 acres and the (Aug. 1940) located on Governors Island (Fort city estimated the value of the bare Island at more Jay). than $7,000,000.

The island has barracks, a theater and a polo The title Governors Island originated in 1698 Reld, where contests are staged. In August, 1938, when the victorious English designated it as part Generals House, the residence of commanding genof the Denizen of His Majesty's Fort at New York erals at Governors Island, had its history made a for the benefit of His Majesty's Governors. The matter of army record a century after its foundaAmerican army razed the English governor's resi- tions were laid in the last general order issued by dence in 1785 and it was replaced in 1801 by Fort Major Gen, Frank McCoy. The foundations of Jay, named for John Jay, an early American states- this dwelling were laid in 1838 and the building man. In 1806, the fort was renamed Columbus, was completed in 1840. In 1887 an addition to the but in 1904 Elihu Root, then Secretary of War, re- then square building was made and later the slopstored the original name. Two other interesting ing roof was raised and supoprted by columns. structures on the island are Castle Williams, built Little was done except for routine maintenance in 1807 by Colonel Jonathan Williams, Engineers until 1936, when the building was restored with Corps, and South Battery, constructed in 1813 as WPA funds. Pilasters and moldings, doorway and part of the harbor defense of New York City. window frames and sills, as well as floors and wall

At one time the island had a race track and was color schemes, were copied exactly as possible. a fashionable summer resort for New Yorkers. Modern appliances and fixtures were installed. Stock brokers and other businessmen of Wall | Restoration was completed in 1937.

Fort Wadsworth, Staten Island, is on the south side of The Narrows. Facing it, on the north side of the Narrows, is Fort Hamilton, Brooklyn.

Fort Slocum is on David's Island, two miles south of New Rochelle.
Fort Schuyler is on Throgg's Neck, Bronx Borough.
Fort Totten, Queens Borough, is 2 miles from Whitestone.

The Statue of Liberty on Bedloe's Island

Source: An Official of the National Monument. The Statue of Liberty (a National Monument) | bassador, driving the first rivet. The Statue was on Bedloe's Island, New York Harbor, Hudson finished (1883) M. De Lesseps, President of the County, New Jersey. was first proposed soon after French Committee, officially presented the Statue the Civil War by a group of Frenchmen led by E. to Ambassador Morton (July 4, 1884). The cornerde Laboula ye. They commissioned one of their stone of the pedestal was laid on Bedloe's Island, number, Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, sculptor, of (Aug. 5, 1884) and the French vessel, Isere, from Alsace, (born 1834, died 1904), to do the work. The

Rouen, France, landed the Statue in New York U.S. Congress (Feb. 22, 1877) authorized President City (June, 1885). The work of putting the parts Hayes to set apart a site on the island, which together was begun (May, 1886). The Statue was Bartholdi, on a visit, had suggested. A committee dedicated October 28, 1886. was formed (1874) to raise funds. In France, 180 The Statue weighs 450,000 pounds (225 tons); cities, 40 general councils, many societies and thou

the corper alone weighs 200,000 pounds, and is sands of people contributed $350.000. In the United 3-32 of an inch thick; 40 persons can stand in the States, by the aid of "The World,” $300,000 was

head. The public is not admitted to the torch. raised for the pedestal.

The number of steps in the Statue from the top The head of the Statue was completed for the

of the pedestal to the head is 168; the number of Paris Exposition (1878). The forearm had been

rungs in the ladder in the uplifted right arm, 54. sent to America and shown at the Centennial Exposition, Philadelphia, (1876). Thence it was

The pedestal of the Statue is 89 feet in height and transferred to Madison Square, New York City,

62 feet at the base. where it remained until 1884; then returned to Liberty carries in her left arm, pressed against France to be placed on the completed Statue. The her side, a book representing the Law, which has framework and base were put in place (Oct. 24, on it the date, in block letters (July 4, 1776) as 1881) in Paris, Levi P. Morton, the American Am- | meaning Liberty based on Law.

DIMENSIONS OF THE STATUE
Ft. In.

Ft. lo. Height from base to torch

151
Distance across the eye.

2 Foundation of pedestal to torch

305
Length of nose

4 Heel to top of head

111
Right arm, length,

42 0 Length of hand..

16 5
Right arm, greatest thickness

12 Index finger...

8
Thickness of waist

35 (ircumference at second joint

3
Width of mouth..

3 Size of finger Dail

13x10 in.
Tablet, length.

23 Head from chin to cranium

17
3 | Tablet, width.

13 7 Head, thickness from ear to ear.

10
Tablet thickness ..

2 0 A large outline map on the upper elevator land

the patentee under Governor Nicolls, and was ing and skyline charts on the balcony enable the

ceded to the United States in 1800, having been visitors to identify the landmarks and skyscrapers used previously for quarantine purposes. Fort of New York. The statue is visited by 400,000 visi. Wood was built (1811) on the site of an older tors in a year. A charge of five cents each way

fort. The Fort was abandoned (1937). The island in the elevator (up or down) to the feet of Statue

is Federal property. was put in effect (1939). The estimate for maintenance in 1942 was $44,410.

The original purpose of the Statue of Liberty was Bedloe's Island is reached by a ferry from The

the commemoration of Franco-American relations Battery. The Island lies 2,950 yards southwest during the period of the American Revolution and from the Battery. It was named for Isaac Bedloe, in subsequent years.

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The Harbor of New York Source: Chief of Engineers, U. S. Army, as of June 30, 1941; depths are at mean low water New York Bay is the principal navigable entrance waterfront; the removal of a shoal on the New to New York City. It is divided into two parts. the York side between West 19th Street and West 61st Lower Bay and the Upper Bay, by the Narrows, a Street to a depth of 40 feet; and the removal of an passage about five-eighths of a mile wide at its nar- obstruction north of the mouth of Spuyten Duyvil rowest part. The entrance to the Lower Bay is Creek to the depth of the surrounding bottom. between Sandy Hook on the south and Rockaway A channel 40 feet deep for practically the full Point on the north and is about five miles wide. width of the river exists south of West 59th Street, The Upper Bay extends from the Narrows to the The Weehawken-Edgewater channel is 27 feet deep Battery. The principal entrance channels to the from W. 59th St. to w. 122d St., thence 22 feet to Harbor of New York are the Ambrose Channel and the upper end of the channel for widths varying the Main Ship-Bayside-Gedney Channel.

from 500 to 750 feet. The mean range of tide at Ambrose Channel, which is the newer and more

the Battery is 4.4 feet and opposite W. 129th St., important channel, was completed to a depth of 40

Manhattan, 3.8 feet. feet on April 17, 1914. It has a comparatively The East River is a tidal strait about 16 miles straight course in a north-westerly and then north- / long and from 600 to 4,000 feet wide, exclusive of erly direction from deep water in the ocean bays and estuaries, and extends from the Battery through the Lower Bay. It is 10 miles in length in New York City to Throgs Neck at the head of and 2,000 feet in width. The River and Harbor Act Long Island Sound. The river separates the of August 26, 1937, authorized a modification of the Boroughs of Manhattan and the Bronx from the Federal project to provide a depth of 45 feet Boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn. throughout the channel. The mean range of tide From the Battery to the Brooklyn Navy Yard a is about 4.7 feet.

channel 40 feet deep and 1,000 feet wide has been Main Ship-Bayside-Gedney Channel is the completed. Thence to Hell Gate the channel of route formerly used by deep-draught vessels and is

35 feet depth is 500 to 1,000 feet wide through Hell

Gate 35 feet deep and 600 feet wide; thence to now used as an auxiliary channel for vessels and barges in tow. It extends westward past Sandy

Long Island Sound at Throgs Neck 35 feet deep Hook and then northward through the Lower Bay

and 700 to 1,000 feet wide. The mean range of tide for a total length of 11.5 miles.

in the East River is 4.4 feet at the Battery, 4 feet Bayside-Gedney Channel, 35 feet deep and 800

at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, 6.3 feet at the east feet wide, is the entrance from the Sea to Raritan

entrance to Hell Gate, and 7.1 feet at Throgs

Neck. Bay via Seguine Point Channel, which is part of the New York and New Jersey Channels. Main Harlem River and Spuyten Duyvil Creek together Ship Channel has a controlling depth of 30 feet and form a waterway about 8 miles in length, which a nominal width of 1.000 feet.

extends from the East River to the Hudson River

and separates the Borough of Manhattan from the The Anchorage Channel, in the Upper Bay, has

Borough of the Bronx. The East River entrance a comparatively straight course in a northerly and

to the Harlem River is about 82 miles by water then northeasterly direction from deep water in

northeast of the Battery, and the Hudson River the Narrows off 91st St., Brooklyn, through the

entrance to Spuyten Duyvil Creek is about 1312 Upper Bay to and opposite the lower end of Governors Island. It is about 4.5 miles in length and channel in Harlem River has been dredged to a

miles by water north of the Battery. The improved 2,000 feet in width and has a controlling depth of

width of 350 to 400 feet and a depth of 15 feet. about 40 feet. The River and Harbor Act of August 26, 1937 authorized a modification of the Bronx River is a short and narrow stream that Federal project to provide a depth of 45 feet

empties into a shallow bay or estuary on the East throughout the full width of channel. The mean

River at Hunts Point, about 11 miles northeast range of tide is about 4.7 feet.

of the Battery. The navigable portion of the river Within the harbor there are several channels con

consists of a channel extending from its mouth necting the different sections. Bay Ridge, Red

to a dam at East 177th Street. This channel is Hook and Buttermilk Channels lie along the

about 212 miles long and from about 50 to 200 Brooklyn shore of the Upper Bay and form an

feet wide and has a depth of 10 feet and width of

100 feet in the lower section, extending from the easterly channel that extends from the Narrows to East River and is separated from Anchorage Chan

East River up to Westchester Avenue. Work of nel by a broad shoal off Gowanus Bay and by Gov

extending this channel to E. 174th St. is in ernors Island. By means of these channels the ex

progress. Above E, 174th St. the depth varies from tensive terminals of the Bush Terminal Co. and

i to 4.5 feet. The mean range of tide in the Bronx the New York Dock Co., as well as the municipal

River is about 7 feet in the estuary and 6 feet at terminals in South Brooklyn, are directly accessible

the dam. for large ships and have easy communication with Westchester Creek is a small stream lying wholly the other sections of the inner harbor.

within the limits of the City of New York. This Bay Ridge Channel has a controlling depth of 40

stream extends northward from an estuary in the feet, varying in width from 800 to 1,750 feet from

north shore of East River about 14 miles norththe entrance in the Narrows to Red Hook Channel

east of the Battery. The estuary is about 1 mile which latter has a controlling depth of 37 feet for

long and from 500 to 3,000 feet wide. The chan. 8 width of 500 feet to Buttermilk Channel.

nel, about 2.6 miles long, is 12 feet deep and from

60 to 100 feet wide. The combined length of these channels is about about 7 feet.

The mean range of tides is 4.5 miles and the mean range of tide is about 412 feet.

East Chester Creek is a shallow stream that

empties into East Chester Bay, on the north shore Buttermilk Channel extends northeasterly from

of Long Island Sound, about 12 miles west of the the Upper Bay southwest of Governors Island to

Connecticut State line and about 21 miles norththe East River northeast of Governors Island and

east of the Battery. The lower two miles of the is about 2.5 miles in length. The easterly 500 feet navigable portion of this stream lie wholly within of its 1000 foot width is 40 feet deep for the

the limits of the City of New York. The United length of the channel. The mean range of tide is

States project is substantially completed and pro4.5 feet.

vides for a channel 8 feet deep and 150 to 70 feet The Hudson (North) River empties into Upper wide from Long Island Sound to a point about New York Bay at the Battery, the southernmost

300 feet above the Fulton Avenue Bridge, a total point of Manhattan Island. The width of the length of about 4.7 miles. river between established pierhead lines is 3,670 Flushing Bay is on the north shore of Long feet at the Battery and gradually decreases to 2.770

Island about 12 miles from the Battery. The bay feet between Castle Point, N. J., and West 14th is about 1 mile wide and 2 miles long. Flushing Street, New York City, and 2,800 feet opposite West Creek which flows into the head of the bay, is a 59th Street, and increasing to 4,400 feet at the

stream navigable for a distance of about 1.2 entrance to Harlem River (Spuyten Duyvil Creek).

miles from its mouth. Under the United States The United States project provides for a channel project there have been provided: a channel 12 feet 45 feet deep and 2,000 feet wide from deep water deep and 200 feet wide from the East River to the in the Upper Bay to West 40th Street, Manhattan; mouth of the croek, thence 10 feet deep and 200 thence 48 feet deep and the same width to West feet wide to the Northern Boulevard Bridge, 59th Street, and for a channel 40 feet deep for the thence 7 feet deep and 200 to 160 feet wide to the full width of the river from West 69th Street, Man- Long Island Railroad Bridge at Main Street, a hattan to the south side of Little Basin, Jersey City branch channel, and a maneuvering area 12 feet and thence a channel of the same depth to deep deep, and an anchorage area 8 feet deep outside water off Ellis Island; a channel 750 feet wide and the municipal boat basin. The mean range of the 30 feet deep along the Weehawken-Edgewater tide is about 6.8 feet.

DESCRIPTION OF THE HARBOR-Continued
ON THE BROOKLYN SIDE

Newark Bay Channel to the Jersey Central RailNewtown Creek, a tidal arm of the East River, road Bridge, thence 30 feet deep and 300 feet wide separates the Boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn

to a point 2,000 feet north of the Lackawanna for a distance of about 4 miles. Newtown Creek

Railroad Bridge, thence 12 feet and 200 feet wide channel has a width of 130 feet and a controlling to Little Ferry; then 12 feet deep and 150 feet mean low water depth of 20 feet to about 150 feet wide to the New York & Susquehanna & Western north of Maspeth Avenue, thence 16 feet to the Railroad bridge, a total length of 16.5 miles. entrance to English Kills, and thence 12 feet to New York and New Jersey Channels extend from Metropolitan Avenue on the East Branch. In deep water northeast of Sandy Hook through English Kills, the depth is 16 feet from its mouth Lower New York Bay and Raritan Bay to Perth to Metropolitan Avenue and thence to 80 feet north Amboy, and thence through Arthur Kill, Lower of Montrose Avenue, 8 feet. Dutch Kills, a tribu- Newark Bay, and Kit Van Kull to deep water in tary entering the creek from the north about one- Upper New York Bay. The combined length is halt mile above Vernon Avenue Bridge, has a con- about 37 miles. A channel 30 feet deep and 400 trolling depth of 13 feet. The total length of navi- feet wide is completed through Raritan Bay and gable channel in the creek is about 5 miles; and in Arthur Kill, passing south of Shooters Island and Dutch Kills about one-half mile. The mean range of the same depth and a minimum width of 400 of tide is 4.2 feet.

feet through Kill Van Kull. Wallabout Channel is a chanel in Walalbout The existing project, authorized by the River Bay, on the East River adjacent to the United

and Harbor Act, approved August 30, 1935, proStates Navy Yard in Brooklyn. The channel vides for a channel through Gedney and Bayside extends between the former island known as

Channels, Lower New York Bay, Raritan Bay, Cobb Dock, on the west, which is now connected

Arthur Kill, Lower Newark Bay, and Kill van Kuli to the mainland by a stone causeway; and the

to Upper New York Bay, the depth to be 37 feet in mainland on the east. The channel is about

rock and 35 feet in soft material throughout, ex2.000 feet long and from 250 to 350 feet wide, and

cept in Arthur Kill between a point 1.000 feet has a depth of about 20 feet. At the head of north of the mouth of Smith's Creek and a point Wallabout Channel are two bodies of navigable 1,000 feet south of Buckwheat Island, where the water. Kent Avenue Basin and Wallabout Basin, depth will be 30 feet; the width to'be 800 feet which are 2,200 feet long and 1,300 feet long re

through Gedney and Bayside Channels, 600 feet spectively.

across Lower New York and Raritan Bay and in Gowanus Creek Channel is a tidal inlet extend- the Arthur Kill to a point 500 feet south of ing northeasterly 113 miles from its connection

Morse Creek widened to 800 feet in the viwith Bay Ridge Channel opposite 28th St., Brook - cinity of Seguine Point and Wards Point, respec. lyn. A channel 26 feet deep has been constructed

tively, thence 500 to 600 feet wide and passing extending eastward about 2,900 feet from 28th St.,

north of Shooters Island to the junction of the to Percival St., Brooklyn, and 18 feet deep to

channel into Newark Bay; and thence 800 feet Hamilton Ave., Bridge. The Channel is 300 feet wide through Kill van Kull to Upper New York wide opposite 28th St., and gradually decreases in

Bay, with 2 anchorages 38 feet deep, one in the width to 100 feet at the Hamilton Ave. Bridge.

vicinity of Sandy Hook and one south of Perth The waterway beyond that bridge is known as

Amboy. Gowanus Canal.

ON THE STATEN ISLAND SIDE Jamaica Bay is situated on the south shore of

Arthur Kill separates Staten Island from New Long Island and lies almost wholly within the lim

Jersey. It is about 12 miles long. This channel, its of the City of New York. It is about 8 miles long

together with Kill van Kull and the lower end of and 4 miles wide, and covers an area approximately

Newark Bay, forms the waterway between New 32 square miles. The bay contains numerous small low-lying islands, which reduce the water surface two states following the centre of the waterway.

York and New Jersey, the boundary between the area to about 1815 square miles. The bay is con

Vessels 30-foot drait can be taken at mean low nected with the ocean by a shifting channel over

water into Arthur Kill, either via Lower New York a bar at Rockaway Inlet. The deep water channel

Bay and Raritan Bay, or via Upper New York Bay. through this bar is 600 feet wide and 24 feet deep.

Kill van Kull and the lower end of Newark Bay. Under a joint project for improvement by the This waterway is part of the New York and New Federal Government and the City of New York, a

Jersey Channels. channel 1,000 feet wide and 30 feet deep has been dredged from deep water at Barren Island up to Kill van Kull, a connecting waterway about 3 Canarsie; thence 500 feet wide and 18 feet deep up miles in length, lies between the northern shore of to 500 feet northeast of Fresh Creek Basin. The Staten Island and Bayonne, N. J., and extends mean tidal range is 4.9 feet. The United States is from the lower end of Newark Bay to Upper New to provide and maintain the entrance channel, York Bay. This waterway is also part of the New 1,500 feet wide and 30 feet deep from deep water | York and New Jersey Channels. in the ocean to the interior channel and to reim- Raritan Bay lies at the southern end of Staten burse the city for dredging the main channel in Island and forms the western portion of Lower the bay, while the city is to dredge the other New York Bay. Its greatest length from north channels within the bay, bulkhead the shores of to south is about 5 miles and from east to west the bay, and fill in behind the bulkheads.

about 7 miles. The Raritan River empties into

the bay at its western end, and the Arthur Kill ON THE NEW JERSEY SIDE

extends northward from its western end. Vessels Newark Bay is a large estuary extending from the ent the bay by way of the yside- dney Chanconfluence of the Passaic and Hackensack Riversnel. A channel 25 feet deep and 300 feet wide south to Staten Island, a distance of about 5 miles. extending from the channel in Raritan Bay into It is about 112 miles wide. At Staten Island the the Raritan River to above the Long Branch bay is connected on the east with Kill van Kull, Division of the Central Railroad of New Jersey and on the west with Arthur Kill. The United Bridge has been dredged. States project provides for a channel 30 feet deep

Shrewsbury River is mainly a large tidal basin and generally 535 feet wide from the entrance,

consisting of 2 bays. The North Branch (Navesink where it is widened to 1,800 feet, to a short dis

River), and the South Branch unite in the vicinity tance above the Central Railroad of New Jersey

of Normandie to form the so-called Main Stem, bridge, thence gradually narrowing to 400 feet and

which extends generally northwest, to the outlet continuing that width to the confluence of the

at the southeast end of Sandy Hook Bay. The Passaic and Hackensack River channels with a

United States project provides for a channel 12 branch channel 30 feet deep and 400 feet wide to

feet deep and 300 feet wide to below the highway the Port Newark Terminal.

bridge at Highlands, thence 9 feet deep and 150 Passaic River is a tidal stream which is navigable feet wide in the south branch to the city of Long for vessels drawing 10 feet of water as far as Branch, and a channel 6 feet deep and 150 feet Eighth Street, City of Passaic, 15.4 miles above wide in the north branch from the junction at its mouth. The United States project provides for Normandie to Red Bank. The total length of a channel in the river 30 feet deep and 300 feet channel under improvement is about 15 miles. wide to a point 3,000 feet above the Lincoln High

Great Kills, Staten Island, N. Y. Great Kills is a way Bridge, thence 20 feet deep and 300 feet wide

harbor on the southeast shore of Staten Island. The to the Nairn Linoleum Works, thence 16 feet deep

United States project provides for a channel 10 and 200 feet wide to the Montclair and Greenwood

feet deep_and 150 leet wide extending from deep Lake Railroad Bridge, thence 10 feet deep and 150

water in Lower New York Bay to the entrance of feet wide to the 8th St. Bridge at Passaic.

the harbor and thence of same depth and width Hackensack River is a tidal stream which merges along the west side of the harbor and for an with the Passaic River at the head of Newark anchorage area of 138 acres, 8 feet deep. Work on Bay. The United States project provides for a this project is in progress and is expected to be channel 30 feet deep and 400 feet wide from the completed during the spring of 1942.

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56,043 7,897,241 7,630,654 6,485,280 5,638,591 4,821,550 3,826,352

17.7 842 65,229 62.784 62.188 64,588 67.058 61,888 3.9 1.0 226 26,496 22.542

23,980 22,741 19,384 16,563 13.1 -- 6.0 388 14,540 14,406 16.045

17,075
16,078 14.550

- 10.2 293 15,202 15.078 15,322 15,481 15.791 12,203 0.8 -1.6 297 8,053 7,892 9.336 10,397 11,557 11,951 2.0 - 15.5 881 37.600 38,845 42.648 43,975 41,112 35,014 -3.2 -8.9 256 8,207 8,034 8.245 8,610 8,917 7,652

2.2 - 2.6 453 17.987 18,433 19,345 18,035 18,963 18,320 - 2.4 -4.7 371 16,425 16,537 17.896 17,372 17,222 15,963 -0.7 -7.6 1,043

70,578 64,273 56,959 51.829 47,622 42.159 9.8 12.8 700 38.564 37.538 38,458 34,594 32,790 30,531 2.7 -2.4 493 18.842 17,872 21,165 23,517 24,033 21,899 5.4 -15.6 462 18,947 16,155 17,684 18,661 19,553 16.772 17.3 -8.6 483 22,912 21,369 22,947

22,832 19,824 17,411

7.2 -6.9 525 38.470 37.315 35,108

34,517 34,146 30.093

3.1 6.3 933 4,063,342 3,982,123 3,053,017|2,405,233 1.838,735 1,191,922 2.0 30.4 453 21,294 21.085

22,771

26,281 19.240 17,283 1.0 -7.4 353 11,698 10,419 12.858 14,281 16,124 15,443 12.3 - 19.0 638 34,388 32.644 31,339 33,457 31.756 27,066 5.3 4.2 415 18.244 18,598 19,252 18,906 18,972 17.011 -1.9 -3.4 417 17,590 17.914 19,604 19.591 19,097 17,669 -1.8 -8.6 345 103,480 91,998 42,120 33,432 28.196 22,551 12.5 118.4 621 24,430 24.966 25,769 27,336 28.273 26,787 -2.1 - 3.1 238 8.974 8,303 9,431 10.049 10.345 9.444 8.1

- 12.0 511 22.034 19,013 19.556 20,055 20,465

19,358 15.9 - 2.8 729 29.159 23,487 26.187 28,075 28.065 23,367 24.1 - 10.3 500 15,007 15,489 16.466 17,096 18.359 17,035 -- 3.1 -5.9 445 53,137 59,442 57,293 25,943 19,675 17,138 - 10.6

3.8 884 44,627 43,983 48,163 49,549 46,201 43,110 1.5

-- 8.7 338 11,414 10,091 12,856 14,628 15,836 14,935 13.1 -- 21.5 515 20.292 20,417 22,883 22,363 23,402 23,791 -0.6

-- 10.8 433 18,398 18,678 18,580 24,162 24.136 21,024

-1.5 0.5 455 13.454 12,995 15,920 18,227 20.197 17.800 3.5

- 18.4 780 26,297 26,420 28,523 30.638 32,215 31,907

-0.5

- 7.4 185 7,759 6,955 7,533 7,015 7.448 7,234

11.6

- 7.7
376
8.949 8.778

9,770
9.724 10,836 9.876

1.9 -- 10.2
824
43.798 43.851 45,162 41.736 40.049 33.338 -0.1

- 2.9 1,121 32,496 32,913 34,841 35,543 38.014 35,167

1.3

-5.5 588 37.920 35,680 37,091 35,143 33,871 27,809

6.3 -3.8 508 13,431 12,809 16,064 18,157 20,160 18.188

- 20.3 603

34,375 31,034 28,480 29,111 28,133 22,590 10.8 9.0 367 13,636 12,556 12,682 13,954 14,612 14,810 8.6

-1.0 623 19.989 20.235 21.917 22,657 24,533 25,101

-1.2

-7.7 348 10,727 10.203 12.022 14,331 15,667 15,013

5.1

- 15.1 527 130.206 125.327 99,499 91,862 78.792 65,061

3.9

26.0 668 60,877 50,095 44.940 40,752 37.154 28,732

21.5

11.5 324 11.105 10,555 10.074 10.777 11,467 12,106

4.8 52,250 51,336 46.727 46.159 43.612 38.752

1.8 9.9 455 121,094 104,387 74.285

55,058 34,504

24,235

40.5 1,146

16.0 97.801 97,695 92.925 90), 132 87.776 80,798

0.1

5.1 358 21,075 21.885 21.380 22,661 16,523 14.693

-3.7

2.4 742

34,604 32,329 28.004 27,750 29,894 26,187 7.0 15.4 1,043 38,838 30.092 39,070 40,465 42,035 38,455

-0.6 0.1 617 29,438 28,8631 29,562 30.216 28,680

25,489

2.0 -2.4 588

26,944 27.329 27.074 26,887 28,412 27,467 - 1.4 0.9 620 37,311 35,079 33.164 32,509 29.759 26,114

6.4

5.8 1,191 73,930 73,117 70,107 68,008 67.843 63,036 11

4.3 585 84,693 81,731 65,175 54,186 44,003 38,083 3.6

25.4 860 46,304 48,703 57,274 50,685 42.256 40,380

- 15.0 737

-- 4.9 149,349 143,830 106,895 89,847 64,694 51,535 3.8 34.6 569 47.989 35,635 37,497 35,094 30,446 24,341 34.7

- 5.0 396 13,179 13.023 14,760 15,679 16,370 13.653 1.2 - 11.8 555 15,358 15,115 16,634 17,377 17.491 16,067 1.6

-9.1 240 14,937 14,081 13,559 14,200 13.110

11,313

6.1 3.8 317 10.663 10,575 11.694 12,796

14,336 13,120 0.8 -9.6 540

17,701 16.641 18.800 19.723 20.945 18,545 6.4 -11.5 389

12,754 12,369 12,839 13,508 13.847 12,948 3.1 -3.7 689 34,499 35,278 41,403 35,311 30.836 30,003 - 2.2 - 14.8 576

36,378 34,240 33,567 34,420 35.006 32,636 338

6.2 13,477 13.247 14.839 14,630 15,224 14,481

1.7

-- 10.7 756 29,869 28.118 26,830 27.864 29,129 28.710 6.2 4.8 636 153.374 141.344 111.710 100,255 88,608 70,378

8.5

26.5 451 23,438 22,767 22,901 22.088 19,830 17,529 2.9 -0.6 451 14.659 15.588 15.714 16,376 17.706 17,062 6.0

-0.8 786 25,340 24,357 26.866 28,622 31,595 31,000 4.0 -9.3 385 7,999 7.996 9.625 11.215 13,585 14.016

-16.9 190 15,875 14,834 14,629 15.650 14,554 11,355 7.0 1.4 173 5,289 5,235 7,579 7,561 4.746 4,730

- 30.9 587 33,608 29,313 29,109 29,120 28.001 25,049 14.7 357

0.7 17,137 14,053 14,044 15,970 16,391 15,019 219 0.1 424 113,323 98,191 92,297 70,404 55.249 41.917 15.4 6.4 663 166,899 157.775 136,520 119,870 86.685 66,571 5 8

15.6 399 38.066 37.100 38,353 30,204 21.085 19.342 2.6 -3.3 876 117,912 111.733 100,262 91,024

71,593

5.5 432

61,195

11.4 11,430 11.676 13.285 14,852 16,129 16,013 -2.1

- 12.1 249 8.176 8,5391 9.489 10.067 10.455 10,304 4.3 - 10.0

711

5.2

2.0

1.0

Population

Sa.

Per cent of County miles

Increase 1930 1940 1930 1920 1910 1900 1890

1930 to 1920 to

1940 1930 Shelby 772 26,290 25,471 29.601 31,693 32,126 31,191

3.2 - 14.0 Stark 290 8,884 9.184 9,693 10,098 10,186 9.982

- 3.3 - 5.3 Stephenson,

559 40,646 40,064 37,743 36,821 34.9331 31.338 1.5 6.1 Tazewell 647 58,362 46,082 38,540 34.027 33,221 29,556 26.6

19.6 Union 403 21,528 19,883 20,249 21,856 22.610 21,549

8.3

-1.8 Vermilion 921 86,701 89,339 86,162 77.996 65.635 49,905

- 2.9

3.7 Wabash.

220 13,724 13,197 14,034 14.913 12,583 11,866 4.0 - 6.0 Warren

546 21.286 21,745 21,488 23,313 23,163 21,281 -2.1 1.2 Washington 561 15,801 16.286

18.035 18,759 19,526 19,202 - 3.0 -9.7 Wayne..

733 22,092 19,130 22.772 25,697 27,026 23.806 15.5 - 16.0 White 507 20.027 18,149 20.081 23.052 25,386 25,005

10.3

-9.6 Whiteside 679 43.338 39,019 36,174 34.507 34,710 30,854 11,1

7.9 WII

844

114.210 110,732 92,911 84.371 74,764 62,007 3.1 19.2 Williamson

449 51.424 53,880 61.092 45,098 27,796 22.226 - 4.6 11.8 Winnebago.

529 121.178 117,373 90.929 63,153 47.845 39.938 3.2 29.1 Woodford

528 19.124 18,792 19,340 20.506 21,822 21.429 1.8 - 2.8 The urban population of Illinois in 1940 was 5,809.650, compared to 5,635,727 in 1930. The present population represents a density of 141.2 to the square mile, an increase from 136.2 in 1930. The total land area of the State in the 1940 census was given as 55,946 square miles.

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Governors of Illinois

Inaugurated
Shelby Moore Cullom, Rs Jan. 18,1877 Sangamon

W11

Source: Historical Records
Resid'nce

Resid'nce
Name
Inaugurated County

Name

County Shadrach Bond, D.

Oct. 6, 1818 St. Clair Edwards Coles, D.

Dec. 5, 1822 Mailson Ninlan Edwards, D. Dec. 6, 1826 Madison John M. Hamilton, R.,.. Feb. 6, 1883 McLean John Reynolds, D** Dec. 6, 1830 St Clair Richard J. Oxlesby, R. Jan. 30, 1885 Macun William L. D. Ewing, D Nov. 17, 1834 Fayette Joseph W. Fifer, R.

Jan. 14, 1889 McLean
Juseph Duncan, D.
Dec. 3, 1834 Morgan John P. Altgeld. D

Jan. 10, 1893 Cook
Thomas Carlin, D.
Dec. 7, 1838 Greene John R Tanner. R

Jan. 11, 1897 Clay
Thomas Ford, D
Dec. 8, 1842 Ogle Richard Yates, R..

Jan. 14, 1901 Morgan
Dec. 9,

Jan. 9, 1905| Cook Augustus C. French, Dt Jap: 8, 1849 Crawford Charles S. Denneen, R...

1 Jan. 18,1909 Joel Aldrich Matteson, D- Jan. 10, 1853

Edward F. Dunne, D Feb. 3, 1913 Cook
William H. Bissell, Rit Jan. 12. 1857 Monroe Frank O. Lowden, R.. Jan. 8, 19171 Ogle
John Wood, R
Mch.21, 1860 Adams
Len Small, R.....

Jan.10,1921
Richard Yates, R
Jan. 14, 1861 Morgan

1 Jan. 12,1925 Richard L. Oglesby, RI. Jan. 16, 1865 Macon Louis L. Eminerson, R... Jan. 14. 1929 Jefferson John M. Palmer, R. Jan. 11, 1869 Macoupln | Henry Horner, D. .....

| Jan. 9, 1933

Cook Richard J. Ogleby, R Jan. 13, 1873 Mucon

Jan.11,1937 John L. Beveridge, R. Jan. 23, 1873 Cook John H. Stelle, D$$.

Oct. 6, 1940 Hamilton

Dwight H. Green, R. Jan. 14, 1941 Cook *Territorial governor, 1809 to 1818.

Gov. Oglesby resigned Jan. 23, 1873, to be**Gov. Reynolds resigned Nov. 17, 1834, to be- come United States Senator. He was succeeded by: come representative in Congress,

John L. Beveridge, Lieutenant Governor. He was succeeded by William L. D. Ewing.

Gov. Cullor resigned Feb. 8, 1883, to become Gov. French was reelected under the Constitu- United States Senator. John M. Hamilton, Lieutution of 1848.

tenant Governor, succeeded him. ti Gov. Bissell died March 18, 1860, and WAS SSGov. Horner died Oct. 6, 1940, and was suc- ucceeded by John Wood, Lieutenant Governor. ceeded by John Stelle, Lieutenant Governor.

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