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Rockefeller Center-Radio City
Source: Omcials of the Development Rockefeller Center, the largest privately-owned scaped sky gardens; consulates of 19 foreign counbusiness and entertainment center in America, is tries; an underground bonded warehouse; many located in the heart of New York City, from 48th special exhibitions; an employee gymnasium; and. to 51st Sts., between Fifth and Sixth Aves.; 75,000 in season, an outdoor skating pond, and a roller men were directly employed in the construction of skating rink. its 14 buildings. Construction of the first-the RKO In gross area,
2,924,036 sq. ft., the RCA Building Building—was started in Sept., 1931. The final is the largest office structure in the world. It has rivet in the 14th and final building the 20-story a ground area of 99,770 sq. ft., with a frontage of U. S. Rubber Co. structure at the N.E. corner of 155 ft. on Sixth Ave., 472 ft. on 49th St., 468 ft. Sixth Ave. and 48th St.-was driven on November on 50th St., and 191 ft. on Rockefeller Plaza. On 1, 1939, by John D. Rockefeller, Jr.
the 70th floor are the Observation Roofs, 904 ft. The surface area of Rockefeller Center covers above mean high water level, and 850 ft. above the 513,575 sq. ft., almost 12 acres, of which 445,600 street. These roofs are built on three levels, are sq. ft. are leased for a long period from Columbia 200 it. long and 20 ft. wide. From them may be University.
seen a panoramic view of the city, its harbors and Five edifices in the west part of the Center- surroundings points of interest. Radio City Music Hall (121 ft. tall), RKO Building The Radio City Music Hall is the largest indoor (409 ft. tall), RCA Building (850 ft. tall), RCA theater in the world and seats 6,200 people. Building West (243 ft. tall), Center Theatre (106 A series of sub-surface Concourses-air-condift. tall), comprise "Radio City." The studios and tioned and flanked by specialty shops-provide headquarters of the National Broadcasting Co. are pedestrian traffic facilities beneath the buildings located in the RCA Building.
and streets, so that it is possible for visitors to The 9 other Center structures are: The United pass underground through most of the buildings: States Rubber Co. Building (280 st. tall), British air-conditioning plants give the Center the world's Empire Building (130 ft. tali), La Maison Francaise largest air-conditioning system for human comfort (130 ft. tall), Palazzo d'Italia (85 ft. tall), Inter- in a commercial development. national Building East (85 ft. tall), International The "Main Street" of Rockefeller Center is Building (512 ft. tall), Time & Life Building (409 Rockefeller Plaza, a private street 60 feet
wide, ft. tall), Associated Press Building (226 ft. tall). running between 48th and 51st Sts. 355 ft. west of Eastern Air Lines Building (275 ft. tall),
Fifth Ave., and parallel to it. From Fifth Ave. a The estimated daily population of Rockefeller Promenade, the Channel, leads down toward the Center, 151,000, is surpassed by the population of Plaza and the RCA Building. It is 50 ft. wide and only 51 cities in the United States. More than 200 ft. long and contains 6 shallow reflecting pools 26,000 work there and 125,000 persons visit there
surrounded by shrubs and flowers. At the end of every day. In the Center are the business offices the Channel lies the Lower Plaza, a sunken court of more than 2,000 companies and their subsidi
125 ft. wide and 95 ft. long, used for ice skating in aries, including the editorial offices of the the winter, roller skating in the spring, and for Associated Press and many national publications. an outdoor cafe in the summer. The Prometheus Practically every other important field of business Fountain is located in the Lower Plaza. is also represented in the tenancy.
Throughout the buildings there are more than In the Center, are 25 restaurants; the New York 90 examples of the work of outstanding contemMuseum of Science and Industry: U.S. Post Office: porary artists. These include sculpture in stone, government passport bureau: group of 12 land- glass and bronze, and murals in many media.
Source: The Custodian The monumental tomb of Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, monies were held (April 27, 1897). which overlooks the Hudson River, at Riverside
The Tomb is open from 9:00 A. M. to 5:00 P. M., Drive and 123rd St., Manhattan, was built by popu
or sundown. Admission free at all times. lar subscription at a cost of $600,000. The architect body of Gen. U. s. Grant; the other that of his
There are two sarcophagi, one containing the was John H. Duncan, who died (Oct. 1929).
wife, Julia Dent Grant. The tomb, 150 feet high and 90 feet square, is The bodies of Gen. Grant and his wife are in surmounted by a circular cupola and pyramidal the original caskets of oak which are within cedar top. The exterior is of granite from Maine and lead-lined boxes, and both of these are in the New Hampshire quarries.
sarcophagi. Ground was broken (April 27 (Grant's birthday]. Also in the tomb are bronze busts of the generals 1891) the cornerstone was laid (April 27, 1892) by who were on Grant's staff in the Civil War-SherPresident Benjamin Harrison, the body was re- man, Sheridan, Thomas, Ord and McPherson. moved from the temporary tomb (April 17, 1897) Gen. Grant was born (April 27, 1822) and died and placed in the Mausoleum; the dedication cere- (July 23, 1885) at Mt. McGregor, Saratoga, N. Y.
The Greater New York Fund
Source: An Official of the Institution (52 Wall Street) The Greater New York Fund, organized in 1938, competent-staff and a responsible board of direcis a permanent, philanthropic organization appeal- tors. ing annualy to business enterprises and employee Services offered by Fund agencies are as follows: groups for contributions to help support voluntary Hospital and clinical care for the acute and chroniwelfare and health agencies. Services of the 400 cally ill; nursing and health services; help for Fund agencies are available without discrimination families and adults in trouble; child welfare activito all races and creeds and are used by approx- ties, including foster care in family homes or in imately 2,000,000 New Yorkers annually.
institutions for children who are dependent. negOrganizations affiliated with the Fund must be lected or delinquent; care of the aged; recreation incorporated and serve people in or from New York and group work; planning and coordination of City either free or at less than cost. Accounts must community resources for the treatment of health be audited annually and management vested in a and welfare problems.
Woodrow Wilson Foundation
Source: Officials of the Organization Col. Charles A. Lindbergh (March 19, 1928). The recipients of the Foundation Medal (1937) received the Woodrow Wilson medal and the were Secretary of State Cordell Hull, and AmbassaFoundation's $25,000 peace award at a dinner at der Norman H. Davis. N. Y. City.
The Woodrow Wilson Memorial Library, formerly Former Secretary of State Elihu Root also was the League of Nations Association Library. is awarded $25,000 and the Foundation medal. An- owned and controlled by the Woodrow Wilson other recipient of the medal was the late Thomas Foundation, 8 W. 40th Street, New York. Librarian, G. Masaryk, president of Czechoslovakia.
Helen E. Wheeler. An award of $25,000 was granted (1929) to the The library is open to the public for reference League of Nations in Geneva to be used in erecting service during office hours. a memorial to Woodrow Wilson in the new Sec- The foundation was established (Dec. 23, 1922) retariat building now being constructed.
and its National headquarters are 8 W. 40th St. Since then there have been annual awards.
New York City. Executive Sect'y. Agnes F. Heaney
New York Zoological Park (Bronx Zoo)
Source: An Official of the Society "The greatest Zoo in the world," is the phrase containing pet wild and domestic animals in generally applied to the New York Zoological houses designed from favorite storybooks, was a Park, familiarly known to its 4,000,000 annual second innovation in the modernized Bronx Zoo. visitors as the Bronx Zoo.
A large riding track where elephants, camels and The major buildings envisoned in the original llamas carry children in saddles and on howdahs plan were all erected by 1922 and for a period of was laid out and is in daily operation, even in 18 years the Zoo was comparatively static as far winter except when the weather is too bad. as new building and reconstruction along modern Restaurants in the Zoo have been completely exhibition lines were concerned. The animal col- modernized and in 1941 a new restaurant was lections from the very beginning were outstanding added--the Zoobar, serving beer on a plane tree. among the great Zoos of the world and through shaded terrace while Viennese waltzes are played the "Ťwenties and "Thirties they held their own softly in the background. The Zoo now has four but in exhibition technique some of the newer excellent, popular-priced restaurants, Zoos in the United States began to take the lead. In the late summer of 1941 modernization of the with moated and barless enclosures and out-of- Elephant House was begun, all the heavy ironi doors exhibits.
fences being taken down and replaced by low Beginning in 1940 and continuing at an increased restraining walls. This important change in the pace during 1941, the Bronx Zoo undertook a appearance of the building will be completed early thorough revision of its plan of exhibition, The in 1942. first major change was the creation of an African The public is now allowed to feed virtually all Plains exhibition, comprising about 5 acres of of the animals in the Zoo, and may throw butterrolling land in the southeast corner of the Zoo. fish to the sealions and pelicans, and feed prepared A flat, rocky island was carved out as a Lion Island food pellets or cracked grain to other animals and and set off from the rest of the area by moats birds. eighteen feet deep and twenty feet wide. On this Public walks and paths have been widened to 15-acre Lion Island five young lions are at ap- take care of the vastly increased crowds; tractor parently complete liberty--at actual liberty as far trains salvaged from the World's Fair carry visitors as the area of their island is concerned. Planting through the grounds; photography by amateurs is skillfully hides the moats and from the edge of not only permitted, but is encouraged, with photo their island the lions look out over the rest of the contests each fall; 'a constant series of animal art African Plains where eleven species of mammals and other special exhibitions takes place throughand twelve species of birds roam at liberty. The out the year in the Heads and Horns Museum; public walk follows the perimeter of the African parking fields have been greatly enlarged. Plains, on top of the low wall that restrains the The Bronx Zoo is open every day in the year animais. Only African mammals and birds are from 10 o'clock on week-days (9 o'clock on. Sunexhibited in the area and in its fauna, as well as days) until half an hour before sunset. Admission its planting, it is designed to give a lively picture is free every day except Wednesday, Thursday and of Africa
Friday, when it is 10 cents for adults and 5 cents A Children's Zoo, built on a child's scale and for children under 12. All holidays are free.
THE AQUARIUM The closing of the New York Aquarium at Bat- its closing to make way for the approaches to the tery Park on October 1, 1941, affected further Brooklyn-Battery tunnel gave an opportunity for changes at the Bronx Zoo as a very large propor- the two parts of the Society's collections to be tion of the fishes, including the rare tropical exhibited together. Fishes that could not be species, were moved to the Zoo and installed in accommodated_at the Zoo were given to the exhibition tanks in the Lion House.
aquariums of Boston, Philadelphia and WashingThe Aquarium had been under the management ton. Plans are being progressed for a new aquaof the New York Zoological Society since 1902 and rium in another site.
The New York Botanical Garden
Source: An Offcial of the Institution The New York Botanical Garden occupies *280 tender plants from more southern climes. In the acres of diversified land in the northern and Floral Display House, also the Tropical Flower western parts of Bronx Park. The Bronx River, 1 Garden, there is a continuous show from November with a gorge and waterfall, is one of its natural through May. The Tropical Rain Forest, naturalfeatures. Along the banks of the river is the istic plantings of begonias, aroids, aquatics, tropiHemlock Grove, including more than 3,000 native cal ferns and of cacti and other succulent plants trees.
of the old and New Worlds, as well as the collec. The gates of the Garden are open daily from tions of living plants that are useful to man, are 8 a.m. to one-half hour after sunset. Admission to on continuous display the year around. the grounds and the display is free at all times. Worthy of special mention are the rock garden
The museum includes a herbarium of more than with the adjacent flowering meadow and wild 2.000.000 pressed plant specimens; a reference flower garden: the rose garden, flowering shrubs, library of nearly 50,000 bound volumes; exhibits of hardy trees; also the seasonal outdoor displays, plants growing naturally within 100 miles of the beginning in April with four or five acres of daffo. City of New York; a synoptic collection, that is, dils representing about 150 varieties, partly natuspecimens representing the principal plant families ralized; followed by tulips, lilacs, Irises, peonies, of the world; a display of the important economic roses, daylilies, water-lilies and borders of an plants of the world, and fossil plants, the ancient nuals and perennials, and closing with asters and ancestors of the plants now living. There also is a dahlias in September and October, and chrysan. collection of historic microscopes. The museum themums in early November. building contains also an auditorium in which The Botanical Garden offers courses of study for popular illustrated lectures dealing with plants or amateur and professional gardeners, for teachers their culture are given on Saturday afternoons and nature study leaders, and for others who are during the greater part of the year.
interested in plant life and the history and literaThe main conservatories house thousands of ture of gardening.
Mayors of Brooklyn
Source: Official Records
Terms 1 George Hall.
1851-1852||21 Fredk. A. Schroeder. 1876-1877 2Jonathan Trotter.. 1835-1836|12 Edward A. Lambert. 1853-1854 22 James Howell.. 1878-1881 3 Jeremiah Johnson. 1837-1838|13George Hall,
1855-185623 Seth Low..
1882-1885 4 Cyrus P. Smith. 1839-184114 Samuel S. Powell. 1857-1860||24 Daniel D. Whitney, 1886-1887 5 Henry C. Murphy..
1842 15 Martin Kalbfleisch 1861-186325 Alfred C. Chapin.... 1888-1891 6 Joseph Sprague 1843-1844 16 Alfred M. Wood.. 1864-1865|26 David A. Boody. 1892-1893 7 Thomas G. Talmage. 1845 17 Samuel Rooth
1866-186727 Charles A. Schieren. 1894-1895 8 Francis B. Stryker...1846-1848 18 Martin Kalbfielsch. 1868-1871|28 Fredk. W. Wurster. . 1896-1897 9 Edward Copeland 1849 19/Smauel 8. Powell... 1872-1873 10 Samuel Smith...
1850 20 John W. Hunter.. 1874-1875)
Chief Parks in the City of New York
Source: Official Records of the Department
Van Cortlandt Park. Sou and Yonkers City line. Bay, Hutchinson River, L. I. Sound. Split Rock Course 18 holes, 5,383 yards, par 68, club house,
Golf Course, Split Rock Road between Boston lockers, showers.
Post Road and Shore Road, 18 holes, 6,636 yards, Mosholu Golf Course, Jerome Ave. and Holley
par 72. Pelham Bay course, Shore Road and
Split Rock Road, 18 holes, 6,559 yards, par 72. Lane, Woodlawn, 18 holes, 5,145 yards, par 65, One club house serves Split Rock and Pelham club house, showers, lockers.
Bay. Showers, lockers, restaurant.
6,456 yards, par 71. Club house, showers, lock- Forest Park (538), Park Lane, Union Turnpike, ers, restaurant.
Park Lane south. Course. Park Lane South and Kissena (222.89), Underhill Ave., 164th St. Course, Forest Parkway, 18 holes, 6,115 yards, par 70."
North Hempstead Turnpike and Fresh Meadow Club house, lockers, showers.
BROOKLYN Dyker Beach (242.42). Seventh Ave., 86th St. 14th Ave., Ft. Hamilton Reserv. and Gravesendil Bay, Course, 86th St. and 7th Ave., 18 holes, 6,624
yards, par 72. Club house, lockers, showers, cafe.
RICHMOND Silver Lake (207), Forest Ave. to Clove Road. La Tourette (580), Forest Hill and London Road.
Course, Forest Ave. and Victory Blvd., 18 holes, Course, Forest Hill and London Road, 18 holes. 6,108 yards, par 70. Club house, lockers, showers, 6,681 yards, par. 72. Club house, lockers, showers, restaurant.
FEES FOR PLAYING GOLF COURSES Season permit, $5, good on week days. Singleers, $5; daily lockers, 25c. Permit holders for the round permit, Monday to Friday, inclusive, 750; privilege of reserving starting time of Saturdays, Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, $1. Season lock- Sundays and holidays for party of four, $1.
PARKS WITH SWIMMING POOLS
W. 60th St. near 11th Ave. Colonial (12.77), Bradhurst to Edgecome Ave.. Thomas Jefferson (15.524), W. 111th St.. First 145th to w. 165th St.
Ave., W. 114th St. and Harlem River.
| Tompkinsville, Victory Blvd. near Bay St.
ADMISSION FEES TO SWIMMING POOLS Weekdays and Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. and holidays there is a 10 cent charge for children there is a free period for children under 14 years under 14, and a 20 cent charge for children over of age. No adults admitted during free period. 14 and adults. After 1 p.m. on weekdays and all day on Sundays
Indoor Swimming Pools-Manhattan: Carmine St.; 324 East 54th St.
PARKS WITH BEACHES
ADMISSION FEES TO BEACHES There is a 25 cents parking charge for automo- and 25 cents for adults with 50 cents per person biles. The lockers cost 15 cents for a child locker, for dressing room,
OTHER CHIEF PARKS
MANHATTAN Battery (21.2). Foot of Broadway and State St. "Cleopatra's Needle," the tall obelisk-covered Bowling Green (0.517), Broadway and Whitehall monument in Central Park, close to the MetropoliSt. This park, established by the Common Coun
tan Museum of Art, was erected at the Egyptian
city of Heliopolis sometime between 1460 B.C., and cil in 1733 as a bowling green, was rededicated on
1600 B.C., to commemorate the victories of the April 6, 1938 with a historical pageant.
Pharaoh, Thotmes, in his campaigns in Asia Minor Bryant (9.603) Fifth to Sixth Ave., 40th St. to and the Valley of the Euphrates. The Romans 420 st.
moved the obelisk to Alexandria, Egypt, where it Central (840.01), Fifth Ave. to 8th Ave. (Central was renamed in memory of the late Queen, Park West), 59th St, to 110th St.
Cleopatra, in 12 B.C. Presented by the Khedive
of Egypt to the City of New York it was set up in Manhattan, Morningside Aves. to Morningside
and Mail St., Broadway, Park Row and Cham- E. 120th St. to E. 124th St.
Randalls Island (193.97), East and Harlem Rivers.
There is a stadium to seat over 21,400 persons; East River Drive.
tennis and baseball grounds; open play areas Fort Washington (125.09), Riverside Dr. and Hud
for adults; & large children's playground and son River, 158th to Dyckman Sts.
River, 72nd St. to 158th St.
St. Nicholas (20.22), St. Nicholas Ave., W. 130th St. and Harlem Ship Canal.
to W, 141st St. Isham (20.13) Broadway, Isham st. to Inwood Hin
Carl Schurz (13.42), Ave. B, 84th to 89th Sts, and
Tompkins Square (10.50), Aves. A to B, E. 7th to
E. 10th Sts.
Union Square (3.48), Broadway and 14th St., 4th
Ave. and 17th St.
Washington Square (8.6), Fifth Ave. and Waverly
St., E. 162d St., Jerome Ave., to River Ave.
wick Ave. to University Ave.
Poe (2.33), Grand Concourse, Kingsbridge Rd., E.
St. James (11.39), E. 191st to E. 193d Sts., Jerome
to Creston Aves. E. and Long Island Sound.
St. Mary's (34.43), E. 149th St., St. Ann's Ave.,
St. Mary's Ave.
Seton Falls (29.25), E. 233d St. to Pratt Ave., Seton
Ave. to Eden Terrace.
Walton Ave., E. 158th St. to N. Y. O. R. R.
and Bainbridge Ave.
Lincoln Terrace (20.64). Eastern Pky., Rochester,
to Jamaica Bay. Brower (Children's Museum) (5.54), Park Place to McKinley (8.47), Fort Hamilton Ave., 7th Ave. and Prospect Place, Brooklyn to Kingston Aves.
73d St. Bushwick (6.87), Knickerbocker to Irving Aves., Owls Head (27.1), Shore Rd., Colonial Rd., 68th şt. Starr to Suydam Sts.
Parade Ground (39.50), Parkside Ave., Parade Pl.. Canarsie (96.0), Seaview Ave., E. 80th to E. 93d Caton Ave., Park Circle and Coney Island Ave. Sts., and Schenck Ave.
Prospect (526.25), Prospect Park W., Prospect Park City (10.39). Flushing to Park Aves,. Navy to No. Southwest, Parkside Ave., Ocean Ave., to FlatElliott Sts.
bush Ave. Fort Greene (30.16), Myrtle Ave., De Kalb Ave., Seaside (16.73). Sea Breeze Ave., W. 8th to W. St. Edwards St.
5th Sts. Highland (41.22), No. of Jamaica Ave., from War- Tompkins (7.81), Tompkins, Marcy, Lafayette and wick St. to Force Tube Ave. The total area in
Hillside (Cunningham) (459.27), Horace Harding
Jacob Riis (234.50) West End Rockaway Peninsula.
Dry Harbor Rd., 62d and 63d Aves.
110th St., to 126th St.
to L. I. R. R., thence along Grand Central Park- Tallmans Island (12.00), Westerly portion of Tallway extended.
Randolph Walker (5.27), Delafield Pl., Bard and
Willowbrook (156.5). Richmond Ave. and Victory
Wolfes Pond (224.36), Holton Ave. and Cornelia New Springville (162.00), Victory Blvd., Travis Ave.
Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Source: An Official of the Institution
ranges are set apart for the instruction of classes
in horticulture. The Laboratory Building, at 1000 central part of the Garden contains the Systematic
Washington Ave., contains lecture rooms, an Section, where living plants of the world are ar
auditorium, a reference library (40,000 volumes and ranged in systematic order. In addition there are
pamphlets), and rooms for administration and various special gardens, such as the Japanese, research. Rose, Rock, wild-Flower, Horticultural, Wall, Iris, The Garden is open free to the public daily, 8 Water, Experimental, Children's, Medicinal, Cull- A. M. until dusk; on Sundays and Holidays it is nary, etc.
open at 10 A. M. Visited by more than 1,600,000 The Conservatories consist of ranges, where & persons yearly, it makes a contribution to the edularge number of tender species of plants are cational and cultural life of the Greater City.
The Water Supply of New York City
Source: N. Y. City Dept. of Water Supply, Gas, and Electricity
ity Sg. tion, Milla
Sg. tion, Milla Acres Miles Feet Gals.
Acres Miles Feet Gals. Catskill System
769.2 1.20 329.1) 10.923 Ashokan E. Basın 5,131.2 8.01 587.0 82,356 Croton Falls
1.062.4 1.66 309.11 14.839 Ashokan W. Basin 3.184.0 4.82 590.0 48,240
* Diverting 153.6 0.24 309.1
122.2 0.191 496.0
380 Kensico 2,218.3 3.47 357.0 30,573 | Glenelda Lake.
168.9 0.26 504.1 165 Schoharle.. 1,145.0 1.78 1.130.0 19,583 | Kirk Lake.
101.1 0.16 582.1 565 Wampus. 45.6 0.07 409.1 87 | Mahopac Lake
560.0 0.87 659.1 575 Muscoot.,
1.166.1 1.82 199.1 5,705 Total. 11,892.9 18.41 .181,588 | New Croton..
3,425.3 5.35 201.1 28,110 Croton System
Sodom E. Branch. 556.8 0.90 416.1 5,24 Amawalk.. 606.1 0.951 399.1 7.070 | Titicus ...
669.4 1.05 324.1 7,599 Barrett's Pond
200 Bog Brook
4.400 Boy'd Corners.
103,100 Carmel Middle Br. 428.9 0.67 371.1
4,145 Carmel---West Br. .. 1,082.8 1.69 502.1) 10,427 Grand total. ....23,645.2) 36.81
284,706 The deepest well on Long Island is at Point Lookout-1,266 feet. WATER CONSUMPTION IN NEW YORK CITY--(AVERAGE) PER DAY
Figures Show Millions and Tenths of Millions of Gallons
Priv (Cal.) Brx. Bkla. Que. Rich. Cos. Total (Cal.) Brx. Bkin. Que. Rich.) Cos. Total 1910. 331.0 143. 1 12.6 8.9 32.9 528.5 1936. 541.2 260.6 87.7 23.6 59.4 972.5 1915.. 341.01 128.8 13.0 11.5 34.6 528.9 1937 545.41 257.290.01 23.4 59.3 975.3 1920 466.2 187.2 18.1 18.4 45.0 734.9/1938 537.0 273.5) 87.5 22.3 60.0 980.3 1926 492.9 233.9 45.9 21.7 45.2 839.6 1939 545.61 269.5 99.41 23.5 64.1 1.002.1 1930. 554.4 258.4 78.2 29.8 54.5 985.3 1940.. 487.8 260.3 93.0 21.2 60.4 922.7 1935. 529.41 251.91 87.2 23.1 58.5
950.1 Work is in progress on a new water supply system, the Delaware, which will add three storage reservoirs of a combined capacity exceeding 230,000 million gallons, and a daily safe yield of 540 million gallons. On completion of the Delaware system New York City will have a dependable supply exceeding 1500 million gallons, or 614 million tons of water per day. To furnish this supply requires a drainage area of more than 1,700 square miles, an area greater than the entire land area of the State of Rhode Island.
Manhattan and Bronx-Croton water was in- is under construction at Kensico Reservoir, to troduced in 1842: the Bronx River in 1854; the aerate Delaware water. Byram in 1896.
Within the screen chambers downstream from The Catskill supply, introduced in 1917, is ob- Ashokan and Kensico reservoirs and in the Hill tained from the Schoharie and Esopus watersheds View downtake chamber chlorine gas is introduced In the Catskills.
into the water for the destruction of germ life, The Schoharie watershed with a drainage area
The gas, which is delivered compressed to a liquid of 314 square miles lies north of the Esopus, in the state in steel containers, is neutralized or disheart and higher section of the Catskill Mountains. sipated before the treated water reaches the disThe flow of Schoharie Creek is intercepted by tribution pipes. Gilboa dam which forms the Schoharie reservoir.
From Hill View reservoir Catskill water is and The Ashokan reservoir lies 14 miles west of the Delaware water will be delivered into the five Hudson at Kingston, N. Y., and 92 miles from the boroughs by two circular tunnels, deep in solid northern city boundary. It is in the Esopus water- rock. City Tunnel No. 1, reducing in diamater shed, which has a drainage area of 257 square from 15 to 14, 13, 12 and 11 feet, is 18 miles long. miles.
City Tunnel No. 2, which is 17 feet in diameter, The Croton watershed, 22 miles north of the is 20 miles long. From these two tunnels water city line, has an area of 375 square miles and a
is brought up through shafts to 37 underground sale yield of 300,000,000 gallons daily.
valve chambers, from which it is delivered to the Brooklyn The Catskill system together with large trunk mains, many of them 4 feet to 6 feet in the old Brooklyn system furnish the entire supply diameter, in the City streets. for Brooklyn, with the exception of the Twenty- From the terminal shafts in Brooklyn two lines ninth Ward, which is supplied by the N. Y. Water
of pipe, generally 66-inch and 72-inch steel and Service Corp.
48-inch cast iron, extend to the 438 million galQueens--The city supplies the First, Second,
lon Silver Lake reservoir in Richmond, crossing Third and Fifth Wards. The remainder of the
the Narrows by means of flexible jointed castboroughs is supplied by 21 private water companies. iron pipe buried in trenches in the harbor botThe Catskill system furnishes about one-hall of
tom, one line 36 inches and one 42 inches in the total supply to the borough, the other half diameter. being supplied by the City and private water com
The cost of the Catskill and Delaware delivery panies from underground sources.
system within the City limits, including the two Richmond--The Borough is supplied from the
City Tunnels, the major pipe-lines and appurCatskill system, supplemented by a small amount
tenances, and Silver Lake from local wells. Silver Lake reservoir, the terminal
$96,000,000. reservoir for the Catskill system, is in this borough.
High Pressure Fire Service System-The high The cost of the Catskill system was about $193,- pressure fire service system in Manhattan is 000,000, of which $27,000,000 was for the Schoharie bounded by 34th St., Madison Ave., 24th St., Lexworks.
ington Ave., 14th St., 3rd Ave, Bowery, Houston The city. in 1940, got $38,063.367 from the sale st., East River, Battery, North River. There are of water,
two pumping stations-Gansevoort and West Sts., Hill View reservoir is in Yonkers, just north of and Oliver and South Sts. Each station has six the New York City line and 15 miles south of electrically driven centrifugal pumps. Elther fresh Kensico.
or salt water may be used. The Hudson River is crossed by a tunnel wholly In Brooklyn there are two high pressure fire in granite rock, at a depth of 1,114 feet below sea service systems. The one for the business and level, between a shaft at Storm King Mountain manufacturing districts is bounded by the Navy on the west bank and another shaft on the east Yard, St. Edward's St., St. Felix St., Fort Greene side of the river at Breakneck Mountain.
Place, Fifth Ave., 24th st., Fourth Ave., 39th St. At the Ashokan reservoir, and also at Kensico and the water front, covering an area of 4.8 miles. reservoir, aerators have been built, each containing the supply is furnished by two stations, one loabout 1.600 nozzles, through which jets of water cated at the foot of Joralemon St., and the reserve are thrown into the air, permitting admixture of at Willoughby and St. Edward's Sts. oxygen from the atmosphere and removal of un- The Coney Island high pressure system protects desirable gases and other matters causing tastes an area of 470 acres. The pumping station is at and odors. Another basin, containing 3,200 nozzles. West 24th Street and Neptune Ave.