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Trotting Association, Nat'l.

563
and Pacing Records..

928, 929
Troy City

625
(N. Y.), Wage Earners, Wages, Product

397
Weights & Measures

708, 709
Trucks, Motor, Operations

945
(Motor), Production, U. S.

500
Trunking Association, American

563
Trusts, Public, U. S.

477-479
Tuberculosis Ass'n, Nat'l

.563
Deaths, Rates, N. Y. State.

405
Tudor, House of

.679
Tungsten

506
Tunis, Area, Pop., Descriptive.

230, 231
Tunnels, World

672
Turkey,' Area, Pop.. Descriptive

260, 261
Army. Air Force

101
Military Service

261
* Rulers of

688
Turkeys on Farms, Value, U. S..

489
Turkmen S. S. R., Area, Pop., Descrip. 261, 262
Turners, American

563
Twilight, Time of, by Months, 1942 .146-157
Tyler, John, and Wives, Biographies of 329
Typewriting Records, World

849
Typothetae of America, United.

.563
Tyre

.625

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U.S., Area, Population..

337
by States, Land and Water

.379
Army

99, 101
Air Force

101
Camps

93-98
Composition

90
Corps Areas

.100
Generals

92
Gun Salutes

92
Lieutenant Generals

92
Medical Library

736
Medical Museum

736
Navy Aviation Appropriations. . 104
Pay

91
Automobile Production

500
Registration, by States 501
Bankruptcy Laws

303
Banks, Assets, Liabilities, by States 518
Beet Sugar Production

487
Births, Rates

581
Book Production

528
Bureau of Engraving and Printing

751
Cabinet Members, Salaries.

749-751
Officers, 1789-1940

321-751
Canals, Cargo Traffic.

.666
Capital Issues

.517
Census Returns

.586-624
Circuit Courts of Appeals

.752
Citizenship Defined

.297
Civil Service

.766
Coal Production

509
Coast Guard

84, 106
Line

..753
Coke Production

.509
Comptroller General

.751
Congress, Members, Salaries.

755-758
Constitution, Amendments

.312-318
Index

319
Continental Limits

..191
Copyright Law

305
Court of Claims.

.753
Courts

752, 753
Crime Statistics

946
Crops, Chief

484-490
Customs Claims Litigation.

305
and Internal Revenue Receipts...847
and Patent Appeals Court.

753
Receipts

847
Deaths, Rates

581-585
Debt

521
** Defense Expenditures

83, 85
Dependencies, Descriptive

374-377
Descriptive

337-341
District Courts

752, 753
Expenditures

521
Exports

.494
Families, Average Size

598
Farm Employment

485
Federal Reserve Banks Operations.

519
Flag, Origin, Proper Display

113
Geology

339
Gold Exports, Imports

.512
Production

511
Reserve

512
Government

.338
Employees

.766
Personnel, Payroll

.766
Roster

.749-751
Highway Appropriations, by States. 501
Hospitals, Capacity

..579
House of Representatives, Members,
Salaries

756-758
House of Representatives, Speakers 324
Housing Authority

822
Construction

578
by States

598
Immigration Law

300, 301
Quotas, Origins

595
Impeachments

309
Imports

494
Income, National, by Industrial Divisions.520
Tax Collections, by States.

523
Payments, by States.

.520
Returns

524
Information Service

.827
Internal Revenue Collections, by States .522
Sources

.524
Land Grants, to States

.481
Lumber Production

.768
Man Power

89
Marine Corps

. 104
Maritime Commission

831
Merchant Fleet

..661
Marine

503
Military Academy

101
Appropriations

100
Expenditures

100
Posts, Camps.

93. 98

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USHA

822
USIS

827
USMC

831
USTB

.833
USTC

.829
Uganda Protectorate, Area, Pop., Descrip. 193,202
Ukranian S. S. R., Area, Pop., Descrip.... 261, 262
Ulster (see Northern Ireland)
Underwriters Associations

.563
Unemployment Insurance, N. Y. State

402
Trust Fund, U. S.

.819
Unfederated Malay States, Area, Pop.,
Descriptive ...

193. 201
Union Islands, Area, Pop...

205
of South Africa, Area, Pop.. Descrip.. 193, 202
Government

202
Minerals

202
Soviet Socialist Republics

(see U.S. S. R.)
Stock Yards, Chicago.

467
Unitarian Church Officials

575
United Amateur Press Ass'n

564
American War Veterans of the U. S. 563
Brethren in Christ, Officials

575
Hospital Fund of N. Y.

563
Kingdom, Churches

.196, 197
Descriptive

195-198
Emigration, Immigration

197
Mineral Resources

197
Pop., by Sex

193
Shipping Tonnage

197
Vessels Launched

661
Press Associations

564
Provinces (India), Area, Pop.

200
Universalist Church Officials

575
" General Convention

564
Universities, Canadian

543
Colors

547-551
Endowments

546
Enrollment

534
Finances

551
Foreign, When Founded

529
(Year Organized, Governing Official,
Students. Teachers)

.535-543
University of Chicago Chapel

467
the State of New York.

405
Urandi Area, Pop., Descriptive.

217
Uranus, Planet

169
Uruguay, Area, Pop., Descriptive

265
Army, Air Force

101
Military Service

265
U.S.S.R., Area, Pop..

261, 262
Army, Air Force.

101
Budget

264, 265
Cabinet

263
Commissariats
Communist Party

263
Descriptive

261-265
Expenditures

264
Military Service

264
Pop., Estimated

612
Receipts

.264
War With Germany. (see War Chron-
ology)

65-80
U. S., Alien Registry

952
Anti-Trust Laws

307
Appropriations

521

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U.S. Mineral Prod., 1905-1939
.506 Vermont, Descriptive, .

369
Production, by States

507
Election Returns

807
Products. by States.. .505, 506 Inheritance Tax Law

295, 296
Monetary Standards

513
Pop., Cities

611
Money Stocks

511
Counties

.623
National Defense
.81-83 Veterans Associations

.564
Administration 84, 85 Veterinary Medical Ass'n, Amer.

.564
Guard
99, 100 Vice-President, Salary

.749
Wealth
517 Vice-Presidents, U. S.

324
Nationality, Loss of
297, 298 Vicksburg National Military Park

356
Naturalization Certificates Issued
301 Victoria Province, Area, Pop..

.193
Naval Academy

105
Violin Tones, Cremona

.698
Appropriations
104 Violinists, Bygone

688
Aviation Shore Establishments 104
Virgin Islands, Descriptive.

377
Expenditures

103
Purchase

340
Navy

102, 103 Virginia, Area, Pop., Rank
Education System

369, 370
105
Dare

362, 627
Gun Salutes

92
Descriptive

369, 370
Pay

91
Election Returns

808
Ship Construction

.82, 83
Inheritance Tax Law

296
Olice of Production Management 81-84

Museum of Fine Arts

743
Patent Appeals Court.

753
Pop., Cities

611, 612
Law, Summary

304
Counties

623
Pension Statistics

107
Visa Requirements, U. S.

289, 299
Petroleum Production, Value.

510
Visibility at Sea

657
Population

586-624
Vitamin Allowance, Daily

493
Est., 1945-1980

586
Content, Food

492, 493
Age Groups, Sex.

591
Vladimir, Grand Dukes of

680
Sex, Color

590
Vocabularies, English

530
Cities, by States

599-612
Vocational Ass'n, American

564
Rank by States

588
Education

531
1790-1940

624
Rehabilitation

817
Urban, Rural

.589

Volcanoes, Active
White, by Sex

592

Volume and Units of
President's Salary

. 707
749

.568
Prisons

Volunteers of America
946

Officials

.575
Public Health Service
579, 821 Vosges Tunnel

672
Lands

.481
Libraries

.794
Vote, Electoral, 1789-1820
527
1904-1940

812
Railroads, Statistics

498, 499
President, U. S.

769-814
Receipts

521
Rivers

Presidential, Popular, 1940-1828 813, 814
337, 662-664
Voting Qualifications, by States

..851
Selective Service

88-90
Senate, Members, Salaries

755

W
Shipbuilding

82, 83

WPA
Silver Exports, Imports..

835, 836
512
Wage Earners, Wages, Chicago.

472-474
Production

511

Illinois

.452-454
States, Territories, Origin of Names 341

N. Y. City

426
Sugar Production..

.487

State 396, 397
Supreme Court

.752

U. S., by States 282, 283
Justices

320
and Hour Law.

119, 826, 827
* Tarifi Commission
829 ". Law. Minimum, N. Y. State

.401
Territorial Expansion
Wages, Factory, N. Y. State.

.401
Judges

753
Farm, U. S.

.483
Territories, Chron. List.

378 Wagner Act

118, 119, 120, 841
Descriptive

372-374 Wake and Midway Islands, Descriptive. 374, 357
Topography
337 Wales, Area, Pop..

193
Trade, Foreign
495, 496 * Sovereigns and Princess

.680
Foreign, Economic Classes.

496
Walking Records, 1941.

.929
With Latin America
274 Wall of China, Great.

677
Marks, Law

304
Street Bombing.

637
Retail

497
Wallabout Channel, N. Y. Harbor

.448
Wholesale

497
Travel Bureau
Wallace, Henry A., Biography

335
833
Walt Whitman Soc. of Amer.

564
Truck (Motor) Production

500
Vice-President, Salary
Walther League, International

.564
749

War of 1812
Vice-Presidents

630, 631
324
1812, Gen. Soc. of

564
War and Other Appropriations

91
War with Germany

of Africa, (Libya, Ethiopia, Egypt,

40-41
** Italy

Italian Somaliland, Eritrea). See

40
Japan

Chronology

49-63; 71, 73; 79-80
40-44
Mexico

Appropriations, U. S..
632
chronology

49-80
Wild Life

337, 338
Civil, Losses.

111
Utah, Area, Pop., Rank

368, 369
" U. S.

632, 633
Descriptive

368, 369
Debt, Owed U. S.

515
Election Returns

807
Department, U. S.

750
Inheritance Tax Law

295
in Europe, Air Fighting ,

48
Pop., Cities

611
Battle on the Seas.

47, 48
Counties

623
Casualties

46, 47
Utica (N. Y.), Wage Earners. Wages

397
Chief Dates, 1939-1940

109
Utrecht, Peace Treaty

628

Chronology, Dec. 1940-Nov. 30,
Uzbek S.S.F.R., Area, Pop., Descrip.......261, 262

1941

49-80
First Year, Chronology, Begins 647

Second Year Chronology. Begins .649
V

Third Year Chronology, Begins... 72
Estimated Cost

48
Valoise, House of

.682

Finland, (see War Chronology) 66-80
Van Buren, Martin, and Wife,

German-Russian, (see War
Blogr ies of

328, 329
Chronology)

65-80
Courtlandt House

440

Greece, (see War Chronology) 49-64
Vanzetti-Sacco

.637

Naval Battles, Chronology Begins 49
Vatican City, Area, Pop., Descriptive

265
Review

45-48
Veal Production, Consumption, U. S..

489
U. S. Ships Lost.

111
Venereal Diseases, Fight Against

579
Yugoslavia

.55-58
Venezuela, Area, Pop., Descriptive.

266
Japan and Russia

635
* Army, Air Force

101
Japan and U. S.

40-44
Military Service

266
Libya, U. S. Tanks.

83
Venus, Planet

169
Mothers, American

564
Vermont, Area, Pop., Rank

369
Nat'l Council for Prevention.

564

340

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War, Philippines and U.S.

635 William Rockhill Nelson Gallery of Art... 746
Revolutionary
629 Williamsburg (Va.). Restoration.

765
Russia-Japan
635 wills, Laws on,

306
South African

.634
Wilson Dam

832
Spain and U. S.,

634 Woodrow, and Wives, Biographies of 333, 334
U. S. and Germany
40-41, 44 Wind Cave National Park, S. D..

.366, 767
Italy
40-41, 44 Winds. Force and Designations..

.189
Japan
40-44 Velocity, U. S. Cities

.188
Mexico

.632 Windsor, Duke of... . 117, 127, 128, 212, 642.
Philippines

644, 645,649
Spain

634
Hotel Fire.

635
Wars, U. S. Troops Engaged

111
House of

679
Washington, Capitol,
.386 Windward Islands. Descriptive.

..212
Crosses Delaware
629 Winter Season..

.145
(D. C.) Descriptive.

346, 347
Wisconsin, Area, Pop., Rank

371, 372
(D. C.), Pop.

600
Descriptive

371, 372
George, and wife, Biographies of 326, 327

Election Returns

811
National Monument.

336
Historical Dates

811
(State), Area, Pop., Rank.

370, 371
Inheritance Tax Law

296
Descriptive
370, 371 Pop.. Cities

612
Election Returns

809
Counties

624
Historical Dates
809 Witchcraft

.626, 628
Inheritance Tax Law
296 Women Suffrage

637
Pop., Cities
612 Womens Associations, Societies.

564
Pop., Counties

623
National A. A. U. Meet

903
Washington's Tomb. Descriptive.

678
Track and Field Records

907
Wasserfluh Tunnel
672 Wonders of the World.

677, 678
Water Areas, Depths.
191 Woodmen Societies

564
Power, U. S.
288 Woodrow Wilson Foundation

.441, 564
Sea, Composition
722 Woods, Weight of

718
Supply, N. Y. City
Wool Manufacturers, Nat'l Ass'n

564
Weight of

718
Production, U. S. and World

487
Waterbury, Industrial Area
339 Worcester (Mass.) Art Museum

744
Waterfalls

192
Work Projects Administration.

825, 826
Waterways Ass'n, N. Y. State

564

N. Y. City
Watts Bar Dam

.833
(Federal Works Agency)

413
Wealth, National, U. S..

.517

Operations

.836
Weather Records, N. Y. City
185-188 Speeded by Song

864
Rules for Foretelling

182 Workmen's Compensation, N. Y. State 400
Signals
.182 World Calendar

167
Wedding Anniversaries

951
Association

564
Weight, Average, Men and Women

715
Creation

625
Lifting

899
Fairs

650
Weights, Atomic

716
Fastest Trips Around.

659
and Measures

706-712
Series, 1941

865-868
Amer. Inst. of

564
1941. Little

868
Foreign

712
Attendance Receipts

868, 869
Greek

717
Champions, 1933-1941

869
Roman

717
Players' Shares

869
U. S. and British

711
Trade, by Countries

948
Solids

718
War

635-637
Welland Canal, Cargo Traffic

667
II

40-44
West Africa, Portuguese

255
Casualties

108
Australia, Area, Pop.

193
Debt Owed U. S.

515
Coast Relays

902
Declarations of War

108
End Association

564
Draft Deserters.

100
Indies, British, Descriptive

212, 213
Peace Treaties

108
Danish, Purchase
340 Wrestling. Amateur

878
Netherlands, Area, Pop., Descrip. 249 Wright Brothers, First Flight

362
Point Cadet Measurements.

715
Wurttemberg, Area. Pop.

233
Descriptive
101 Wyoming. Area, Pop., Rank

372
Side Ass'n of Commerce.

564
Descriptive

.372
Virginia, Area, Pop., Rank

371
Election Returns

.812
Descriptive

371
Inheritance Tax Law

296
Election Returns

810
Pop., Cities,

.612
Historical Dates

810
Counties

624
Inheritance Tax Law

296

х
Pop. Cities

612
X-ray. Discovery

634
Counties

623, 624
Xochimilco, Folating Gardens of

678
Westchester County Children's Ass'n.
Parks
391

Y
Western Conference Track and Field

Yachting

896
Meet
900, 903 Yale-Harvard Regattas.

879
India States Agency, Area, Pop.

200
Yellow Race

190
Samoa, Area, Pop., Descriptive 193, 205

Sea, Area

191
Westminster, Statute of
194 Yellowstone National Park

372, 767
Whaling Museum, Bourne.

744
Yemen, Area, Pop.. Descriptive

214
395 Yonkers (N. Y.), Wage Earners, Wages.
Wheat Crops, N. Y. State

397
Value, U. S.
484 York. House of..

679
World
.486 Yosemite Falls, Valley

344
Exports, Imports, U. S..

486
National Park

767
Flour, Exports, Import, U. S.
486 Young Judea, National

564
Visible Supply, Contract Prices.

485
Men's Christian Ass'ns.

564
Yield per Acre, U. S.

488
Hebrew Ass'n

564
Wheeler Dam
832 People's Christian Union.

.564
Religious Union

371, 630
Whiskey Insurrections.

564
Society of Christian Endeavor. 567

951
Production, U. S.

749
Women's Christian Ass'ns.

564
White House, Aids

Hebrew Ass'n.

564
765
Descriptive
You h, Facts of

.853
Race

190

Fellowship. Universalist.
Russia (see Byelorussian S.S.R)

.564
Patrol, National

564
Whitney Museum of American Art

440 Yugoslavia, Area, Pop., Descriptive 266, 267
Wing (Amer. Museum of Natural

Army, Air Force

101
History)

740
Military Strength

267
Wightman Cup Matches,

891

Occupation by Axis.
Wild Life, U. S.

337, 338
Royal Family

266
Wildlife Institute, American

564

War in Europe (see War Chronology) 55-58
Wilhelm II, Death
125 Yukon Territory. Area, Pop.

193, 208

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Zodiac, The

189 Zanzibar, Area, Pop.. Descriptive. 193, 203 Zonta International.

564 Zero, Absolute 189 Zoo, Bronx

.442 Ziggurat at Ur.

.467 Zinc Production, Values, U. S..

607 Zoological Gardens, Chicago.

Island

.440 Zion National Park. 368, 369, 767 Zoologists, American Soc. of.

.564 Zionist Organization of America, 564 Zoos, N. Y. City.

.440 Addenda

GENERAL AND WAR Alabama, University of, page 535-Dr. Richard ment with Brazil to protect the Dutch aluminum Clarke Foster, president, died.

deposits American Newspaper Guild, page 560-Executive New York State Supreme Court, Second district,

vice president Sam Eubanks, Secretary William Kings, Nassau, Queens, Richmond and Suffolk Rodgers.

Counties, page 410-Justice Francis D. McGarvey Canada, page 206--Ernest Lapointe, Minister of resigned Justice and Attorney General, died.

New York State Supreme Court, page 410-Bernard Catholic, Hierarchy, Roman, page 571-Chief Peni- Botein appointed Justice to succeed Lloyd tentiary, Nicolo Cardinal Canali.

Church, resigned. Chile, pages 219, 268-Dr. Geronimo Mendez made Pennsylvania, 77th Congress, page 758-Represen

president on the temporary retirement of Presi- tative J. Harold Flannery elected Common Pleas dent Pedro Aguirre Cerda, who died later. Judge of Luzerne County. Civil Service, page 766—The Civil Service Com- Population, page 274-Montevideo, population 770.

mission reported (Dec. 1, 1941) that the number 000, according to 1941 census figures. of civilian employes in the executive branch of Selective Service, page 88—Legislation to extend the Government in September was 1,467,925.

the service of selectees and other members of Colorado, page 755—United States Senator Alva the armed forces of the United States to six

B. Adams, died; page 756-House of Representa- months beyond the period of the war emergency tives, Fourth District, Robert F. Rockwell.

and to make these men subject to service outCumberland University, page 536-Dr. L. L. Rice, side the Western Hemisphere was passed by president.

Congress (Dec. 11) and signed by the President. France, page 229-North Africa, Delegate General, Congress passed (Dec. 19) a law to register all post abolished and duties divided among four

males from 20 to 44 inclusive for training and men. Gen. Maxine Weygand retired.

service in land or naval forces and all other men Holidays,

pages 163, 164-President Roosevelt from 18 to 64 inclusive for civilian defense duties. signed a resolution making Feb. 11, birthday of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, page 263–

the late Thomas A. Edison, a national holiday. Maxim Litvinov, named Soviet Ambassador to Lebanon, page 259--Independence proclaimed (Nov. the United States and appointed Deputy Com

26, 1941), cabinet resigned and Ahmad Daouk, an missar of Foreign Affairs.

engineer, was asked to form a new Cabinet. Vermont, University of, page 542—Dr. John S. National Defense, pages 81, 85-Lend-Lease pro- Millis, president.

gram, pages 86, 87-The House of Representa- War in Europe, page 45-Great Britain announced tives passed (Dec. 5, 1941) the third supplemental (Dec. 7, 1941) that a state of war existed between national defense appropriation bill, carrying that country, Finland, Rumania and Hungary, funds of $8,244,000,000 to increase the Army to whose forces are fighting with the Axis armies. 2.000.000 men and to provide for its equipment Wyoming, University of, page 542-Dr. J. Lewis and maintenance. The bill also carried $1,556,- Merrill, president. 496,000, the third installment in Lend-Lease

SPORTS funds. The Senate passed the bill (Dec. 12) and Billiards, page 883-Erwin Rudolph won the 1941 increased the amount to $10,572,350,705,

pocket billiard of the world in Philadelphia by Netherland Guiana, page 249-United States troops defeating Irving Crane in the play off of a occupied Netherlands Indies (Surinam) in agree- triple tie.

Errata Petroleum, World production, page 510—Figures / War Department, page 750—Judge Advocate Gen

for Iran should read: 1935, 57.3: 1936. 62.7; eral, Major Myron C. Cramer, Washington. 1937, 77.8; 1938, 78.4; 1939, 78.2,

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National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis

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Source: An official of the Foundation Sponsored by President Franklin D. Roosevelt | the disease, through scientific research, epidemic (Sept. 23, 1937) and financed by contributions of first aid, proper care-disseminating to doctors and millions of citizens, the National Foundation for parents present and new knowledge of the proper Infantile Paralysis is waging a unified fight against

care which may prevent sad after-effects, such as

crooked backs, curvature of the spine, twisted the crippling disease. For the first time in Ameri

bodies, contracted limbs-dollars to orthopedic cencan medical history, the whole attack on this

ters, hospitals and clinics for combatting human plague is led and directed by one national body. wreckage. whose object is to eradicate infantile paralysis Funds of the Foundation are given to various and to work unceasingly until the mysterious hospitals, universities, etc., for scientific research. "maiming microbe" is conquered.

From the organization of the Foundation (1938) The Foundation has 33 trustees, selected from to Sept. 30, 1941, $1,914,160.19 has been used for all parts of the country and representing all walks research education and emergency aid during of life. The officers are: President, Basil O'Connor. epidemics, and $2,652,009.79 has been left with New York City; Vice

Presidents, Walter P. Murphy, local chapters for aid in their home communities. Chicago; William F. Humphrey, San Francisco: Grants to cover universities and institutions George E. Allen, Washington; James V. Forrestal, have been made by the Foundation. All allotments New York City: Treasurer, Raymond H. Taylor, of money are made on recommendation of New York City; Secretary, William F. Snyder, New general advisory board consisting of distinguished York City; headquarters, 120 Broadway, New York doctors. City.

The Foundation is established as a permanent The Foundation has been financed by four "Fight organization to direct the national war on inInfantile Paralysis" campaigns in connection with fantile paralysis until it has been stamped out. the celebration of the President's birthday. At the works closely with Federal and State authorities beginning of the 1939 campaign, the Foundation The fund raising agency of the National Foundaannounced a plan to establish permanent chapters tion for Infantile Paralysis, Inc., is the Committee of the Foundation, embracing all the counties of for the Celebration of the President's Birthday the United States, to assist in local activities in with headquarters at 50 East 42nd St., New York the fight. Funds raised in all the campaigns are City. Since 1938, Keith Morgan of New York has divided on a 50-50 basis, the National Foundation been the national chairman. President Roosevelt receiving approximately one-half, and approxi- has authorized the use of his birthday each year mately one-hall remaining in the counties or since then. Since the appointment of Mr. Morgan states, where raised, for local aid.

as national chairman, a vast volunteer organizaNet receipts from the 1941 birthday celebration tion has been built up throughout the country were $2,104,460.53. Of this amount $1.007.594.69 embracing the states, counties, cities and comwas presented to the National Foundation and munities and extending into the territories and $1.096 865.84 was retained in the home com- insular possessions of the United States. This munities.

organization has over 10.000 chairmen consisting Tlie Foundation is waging a four-fold fight on of men and women in all walks of life.

FOREIGN AFFAIRS-U. S. AND JAPAN AT WAR

Hawaii Attacked, Then Tokio Notifies U. S.

The second World War began (Dec. 7-8, 1941) and the President's signing of the resolution. A when Japan opened an air attack against Pearl state of war all but liits the limit of Presidential Harbor, the great naval base of the United States power. Statutes which operate in such periods in Hawaii, and other outposts there and followed

authorize the President to take over transportation it with a declaration of war against the United

systems, industrial plants, radio stations, power States and Great Britain. The attack against the communication systems.

facilities and ships, and places some controls on Hawaiian bases was timed 1:05 P. M., Sunday. The declaration of war by the United States was Eastern Standard Time, and the announcement of followed by a declaration of Great Britain, backed Japanese Imperial Headquarters that a state of war by the Dominions. China also acted, including existed between Japan and the United States and Germany and Italy in the declaration. Latin Great Britain was timed 4 P. M., Sunday, Eastern American Republics joined in the war with the Standard Time,

United States and in South America solidarity was The following day the Congress of the United expressed for the United States. States, in joint session, declared war against japan Germany and Italy declared war on the United after receiving a war message from President States (Dec. 11) and the United States courtered Roosevelt. Congress acted within a period of 33

immediately with declarations against these two minutes on the declaration, which was signed im- Axis countries. mediately by the President. Barely four hours

The line-up of nations involved in the Second elapsed between the meeting of the joint session World War, as of Dec. 15, 1941, follows:

AT WAR WITH GERMANY, ITALY AND JAPAN
United States The Netherlands

Costa Rica

Haiti
Great Britain Netherlands East Indies Cuba

El Salvador
Australia
New Zealand

Nicaragua

Guatamala
Canada
Poland

Dominican Republic Panama
China
Union of South Africa

Honduras

Bolivia
Free France

AT WAR WITH GERMANY, ITALY AND THEIR EUROPEAN ALLIES ONLY
Russia
Ethiopia

Norway
Belgium
Greece

Yugoslavia (including
Czecho Slovakia
Luxemburg

Croatia).
AT WAR WITH THE UNITED STATES, GREAT BRITAIN AND RUSSIA
Germany

Italy
Slovakia
Hungary

Rumania
AT WAR WITH RUSSIA AND GREAT BRITAIN

Finland
AT WAR WITH UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN
Japan
Manchukuo

Bulgaria
BROKE RELATIONS WITH GERMANY, ITALY AND JAPAN

Mexico

BROKE RELATIONS WITH JAPAN

Colombia.

EXPRESSED SOLIDARITY WITH UNITED STATES
Argentina
Chile
Paraguay

Uruguay
Brazil
Ecuador
Peru

Venezuela Iran, Iraq and Syria were occupied by the British the Second World War. (At the close of the and Free French forces in their war operations second year of the War in Europe, four-fifths of against the Axis in the Near East.

the world was involved in conflict. see page 45). The declarations following the attack of Japan It was estimated 1,930,680,000 were involved in on the United States brought nations representing World War II with more than 1,250,000,000 on 90 per cent of the population of the world into the side of the Allies.

Chronology of War With Japan

Because of the International Date Line, which runs north and south in the Pacific Ocean, many, if not most of the Far East war conflicts occur on dates more or less ahead of the corresponding American date. For this reason the Dec. 7 date. for example, is more practically a Dec. 7-8 date.

At noon Tuesday in New York the clocks in the following cities record the time as follows: Honolulu

6:30 A, M. Tuesday San Francisco,

9 A. M. Tuesday London

6 P. M. Tuesday Singapore

12

Midnight Manila

1 A. M. Wednesday Tokio

2 A, M. Wednesday The International Date Line passes through Bering Strait with Asia to the west and Alaska to the east and takes another curve away from the 180th meridan to leave the Aleutian Islands on the east. It returns to the 180th, passing southward with Hawaii on the west and Japan on the east, establishing difference of a day between the times of these two islands. Dec. 7-8-Imperial Headquarters in Tokio an

nounced that a state of war existed between Japan and the United States and between Japan

and Great Britain. (The announcement, dated
Tokio, Dec. 8 at 6 A. M., was equivalent to
4 P. M., Dec. 7, U, S. Eastern Standard Time.)
Emperor Hirohito's declaration fixed the date
of the beginning of hostilities "as of dawn,"
The notice was followed by a session of the
Japanese Cabinet at the residence of Premier-
War Minister Gen. Hideki Tojo, after which
Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo summoned the
United States Ambassador, Joseph C. Grew, and
the British Ambassador, Sir Robert Leslie
Craigle, and handed to Mr. Grew the Japanese
Government's formal reply to the note sent to
Japan by United States Secretary of State
Cordell Hull on Nov. 26, refusing to accede to
the American demands, with the reasons there-
for. The refusal was handed to Secretary of
State Hull, in Washington, on Dec. 8. with no
word to him that war had been declared by

Japan and had begun.
-Japanese warships, troopships, submarines and

bombing planes were already in motion toward
the American and British possessions in the

Pacific.
-At 7:55 A, M., Dec. 7, Honolulu Time, Japanese

planes began an attack there which lasted until

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