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Civilian Emergency Administration to co-ordinate trained tor 512 months. The Philippine army work connected with the civilian defense of the (1939) had 120,000 reservists. It is planned to have Philippines with Teonilo Sison, Secretary of Na- a citizen army of 400,000. tional Defense, as chairman, The Civilian Emer- The military forces of the Philippines (land and gency Planning Board recommended the action sea) were placed under United States command for after surveys conducted by committees of supply, the duration of the emergency (July 26, 1941) by transportation, medicine, communications, welfare, order of President Roosevelt. Gen. McArthur was and personnel and labor. The C. E. P. B. suggested named by the War Department in Washington to that Commonwealth authorities develop effective command the forces. plans to increase prodution of essential foodstuffs Among the special Government institutions are and the supply of all imported essentials, such as the Normal School, the School of Arts and Trades, fuel. Recommendations were made for the control the Nautical School, and the Central Luzon Agriof transportation to save gas, oil and mechanical cultural School. There are provincial trade schools. parts and suggestions were made for the establish- | Hi learni is provided by the State supported ment of medical supplies of all kinds, the control University of the Philippines, Manila, and the of telegraph, telephone and radio, and the estab- Dominican University of Santo Tomas (founded lishment and co-ordination of civilian aid organiza-1611), the oldest university under the American tions.

flag High Commissioner Sayre said that he and Presi- The chief agricultural products are--unhusked dent Quezon were in complete accord on the plan. rice ("palay'), Manila hemp ("abaca"), copra,

At President Quezon's request President Roose - sugar cane, corn, tobacco and maguey. The prinvelt detailed Gen. Douglas MacArthur, retiring cipal fruit the banana, but there are also manChief of Staff of the United States Army, as goes, papaya, lanzones, pilinut, chico, mandarins military adviser to the Government. He made and oranges. public (June 19, 1936) an army defense plan "to Porests provide cabinet and construction timber give pause to the most ruthless and powerful": in large quantities; also gums and resins, vegetable calling for a fleet of 50 to 100 small, fast torpedo oils, rattan and bamboo, tan and dye barks and boats for coast defense, a 250-plane air force. a dye woods. Rubber is being cultivated as well as regular army of about 930 officers and 6.500 men the Chinchona tree for quinine. with a reserve corps raised under universal mili- Baguio, in the hills, 100 miles north of Manlla. tary service and trained in schools and out at the is the center of the gold mining district. rate of 40.000 a year. The total registration of Silver, lead, zinc, copper, iron, coal, petroleum, 20-year-old Filipinos then exceeded 148,000. The chromite, asbestos and manganese are mined, as cost he placed at $8,000,000 a year. The National well as clay, marble, salt, etc. The islands are rich Assembly (Aug. 8, 1936) appropriated $1,400,000 in mineral resources. It is estimated that there are to build training centers. The Philippine Con- 75 square miles of coal fields containing lignite stabulary. 659 officers, 7.504 enlisted men (1937) and bituminous. divided into 127 companies and occupying 186 stra- The Government showed a deficit of 10,000,000 tegic stations, is the nucleus of the new army. pesos (nominal value 50 cents) in the 1940 fiscal Approximately 40,000 20-year-old Filipinos are year. The 1941-1942 budget calls for expenditures selected by lot for military service each year and, of 11,675,000 pesos and receipts of 112,982,000.

The Canal Zone The Canal Zone is a strip of land extending five area of 163.4 square miles. The water area of the miles on either side of the axis of the Panama zone is 190.94 square miles. The zone has a populaCanal but not including the cities of Panama or tion (1940 census) of 51,827, an increase of 31.3% Colon, which remain in the Republic of Panama,

in ten years.

The Canal Zone is a Government reservation adbut are under U. S. jurisdiction in the matter of sanitation and quarantine.

ministered by the organization known as The The port

at the

Panama Canal. This is an independent organizaCaribbean entrance, formerly a part of Colon,

tion in the Government service whose head is the is Cristobal; and that the Pacific entrance Balboa, Governor, directly under the President. As a while to the east of Panama is the residential town matter of executive arrangement, the Secretary of of Ancon, with hotel and hospital.

War represents the President in the administration The strip of land was granted to the United of Canal Affairs. The Zone is fortified and occupied States by Panama by treaty (Feb. 26, 1904) by a garrison in addition to the civilian employees the compensation being $10,000,000, with annual of the Canal and railroad. The Governor is Brig. payments of $250,000 in addition. No private in- Gen. Glen E Edgerton. dividuals are allowed to acquire land.

The Army maintains air ports at France Field on The Canal Zone, including land and water, but the Atlantic side and Albrook Field on Balboa excluding the water within the 3-mile limits from Heights on the Pacific side. the Atlantic and Pacific ends, has an area of 549 American occupation of the Canal Zone began square miles. Gatun Lake, with the water at its (May 4, 1904) and the Canal was opened to traffic normal level of 85 feet above sea level, has an (Aug. 15, 1914).

Puerto Rico

Capital, San Juan Puerto Rico is the fourth largest of the Greater places sugar mills under the authority of the Antilles, with the Atlantic Ocean on the north and Public Service Commission. the Caribbean Sea on the south. Santo Domingo Puerto Rico was discovered and named by Columis about 45 miles to the west, and St. Thomas 40 bus (1493). Ponce de Leon conquered it for Spain miles to the east with an area, including adjacent (1509-1511). It was seized by Major Gen. Mlles in islands, of 3,435 square miles. The island of Cu- the Spanish-American War and ceded to the United lebra, and Vieques, to the east, form part of the States by the Treaty of Paris (Dec. 10, 1898). It is territory. It is 95 miles long (from east to west) administered under the Organic Act of Puerto Rico, and 35 miles wide, with a coast line of about (March 2, 1917 and amended March 4, 1927), 345 miles. The best harbors are at San Juan which also granted American citizenship to Puerto and Ponce. Through the middle of the island, from Ricans, and granted manhood suffrage. The Goyeast to west, runs a range of mountains with an ernor is appointed by the President.

The Legislaaltitude of 1,500 to 3,750 ft., cultivable to the ture-a Senate of 19 members and a House of Repsummits. The soil is extremely fertile and largely resentatives of 39—is elected for four years by direct under cultivation. The lower lands to the north vote. There are seven executive departments: Jusare well watered, but irrigation is needed in the

tice, Finance, Interior, Education, Agriculture and south; an extensive system has been constructed Commerce, Labor, and Health. The President apby the Government. Sugar, pineapples, oranges, points, upon confirmation by the Senate, the grapefruit, tobacco and coffee are the chief exports. Attorney General, Commissioner of Education and Cotion, linen and silk manufactures and embroi- the Auditor. The Governor, subject to confirmaderies are exported to the United States. Distilling tion by the Insular Senate, appoints the four reof alcohol and the canning of fruits and vegetables maining department heads. Five Justices of the are important industries.

Supreme Court are appointed by the President. Puerto Rico purchased from the United States in the seven heads of departments form the Executive the 1939-1940 fiscal year $100,517,184 worth of Council. The island elects a Resident Commissioner goods. The chief export was sugar with a value at Washington with a voice but no vote in the of $57,328,790 for the same period.

House of Representatives, for a term of four years. The Puerto Rican Land Authority law (1941) The governor is Rexford Guy Tugwell. limits land holdings by corporations to no more

The Island makes its own tax laws and derives than 500 acres. Large holdings are to be taken over further revenue by converting customs levies, inby the Government and redistributed in small come tax receipts and internal revenue collections parcels under the supervision of the Authority. The into the Insular Treasury. law is aimed to break up large sugar estates on the Although Spanish is the popular language the Island and to mitigate poverty. The law also Insular Government fosters intensive instruction in English in the public schools, credited with being States Weather Bureau reported that in 2192 days the most efficient and up-to-date school system in of the six year period ending in 1940 Puerto Rico Latin America.

had only 17 days without sunshine. The American influence reaches into every phase Mineral production in Puerto Rico is insignifiof Puerto Rican life and the island is the sixth cant, consisting of quarry products and high grade largest offshore consumer of American produced manganese ore. Recently a Bureau of Mines was merchandise, returning in profits to manufacturers started by the Insular Government, and prospecand agriculture vastly more money than is absorbed tion and development to date have proved deposits in normal times by federal grants.

of manganese, copper, gold, and glass sand, which The leading problem confronting Puerto Rico will become productive as soon as capital is availis an economic one arising out of steady population able. increase in an overcrowded island. To meet the The population (1940) is 1,869,255. over-population menace the Insular Legislature Education is free and compulsory (since 1899). (1937) passed a birth control bill.

There are 2,295 schools on the island with an enA mild climate, cool in summer and warm in rollment of 281,359 pupils. There are 44 accredited winter, gives Puerto Rico with its old world atmos- private schools. The University of Puerto Rico is phere a playground drawing power that is being in Rio Piedras, seven miles from San Juan. fully exploited. The average range of temperature The Roman Catholic religion is dominant. is from 90 to 50 with an average of 76. The United English and Spanish are spoken.

Virgin Islands of the U. S.

Capital, Charlotte Amalie, formerly St. Thomas The Virgin Islands of the United States, for- | The Governor has limited veto powers. The Islands merly the Danish West Indies, were bought for are under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the $25,000,000 by the United States from Denmark, Interior. in a treaty (proclaimed Jan. 25, 1917). The group The governor is Charles Harwood. consists of three islands, St. Thomas, St. Croix Raw sugar output averages more than 5.000 tons and St. John, with about 50 smaller ones, mostly a year, or about an amount equal to the quota of uninhabited The area of the three main islands raw sugar from the Virgin Islands that may be adis 133 square miles. The population (1940) is mitted to the United States under the Jones24,889

Costigan Act, St. Thomas Island has the principal harbor of The Island of St. John is famous for its bay oil, the group and it is here that the town of extracted from the leaves of the bay tree, and Charlotte Amalie is situated. It is about 40 miles St. Thomas for the finished product of bay rum. east of Fajardo, the nearest port on the Island of Education is compulsory. Illiteracy, though high, Puerto Rico, and 70 miles from San Juan, the is being reduced. Only 2% of the population cannot principal city and port of Puerto Rico. St. Thomas speak English. lies south, 20° east and 1,442 miles distant from After the repeal of Prohibition in the United New York City. St. Croix is 40 miles south of St. States production of rum was resumed on a large Thomas. The language is English.

scale. The government established a rum disCongress (1927), conferred citizenship on the tillery backed by 5,000 acres of sugar cane and natives, and under the organic act (June 22, two sugar mills. 1936) there is universal suffrage for all who can Tax collections on the commerce have reduced read and write English.

the annual appropriations from Congress to assist The Islands comprise two municipalities, that of the local Legislature in paying for schools. hosSt. Thomas and St. John, with a legislative council pitals, fire, police and public works. called the Municipal Council, of seven members, Bi-weekly passenger and freight service is mainand that of St. Croix, with a membership of nine. tained from New York City to St. Thomas, St. The two councils form a Colonial Legislature, Croix and the lower islands. There is also semiwhich must meet yearly. Elections are biennial. weekly air mail service.

American Samoa

Capital, Pago Pago, Island of Tutuila American Samoa, composed of the islands of from Manila. The natives read and write and are Tutuila, Aunuu, ofu, Olosega and Tau, and the

Christians of different denominations. They are a uninhabited coral atoll of Rose Island, became a high type of the Polynesian race and are on the

increase because the laws prohibit foreigners from possession of the United States by virtue of the

buying their land. tripartite treaty with Great Britain and Germany

All of the land on the islands is privately owned. (Nov. 1899), accepted by the United States Under the American Commandant-Governor there (Feb. 13. 1900). It is under control of the Navy is a native Governor in each of the three political Department as a naval station. Construction of a divisions. The native Governors appoint the County naval air base was started (1940). The islands Chiefs, who appoint the Village Chiefs. have an area of 76 square miles and a population There are public schools with more than 2,000 (1940) of 12,908.

pupils, and several private schools. Pago Pago, a valuable harbor in the South The chief product is copra, of which about 1,100 Pacific, was ceded (1872) by the native King to tons are exported annually, Taro, breadfruit, yams. the United States for a naval and coaling station. coconuts, pineapples, oranges and bananas are also

American Samoa is 4.160 miles from San Fran- produced commercially. The Government handles cisco, 2,263 miles from Hawaii, 1,580 miles from the crop for the natives. Other fruits are grown Auckland, 2,354 miles from Sydney and 4,200 miles but not exported. About 70% of the land is forest.

Guam

Capital, Agana The Island of Guam, the largest of the Marianas, generation is a mixed race, with the Malay strain was ceded to the United States by Spain by Article predominating. Guam is under the Navy DepartTwo of the Treaty of Paris (Dec. 10, 1898). It lies ment, as a naval station. There also is a powerful between latitudes 13° 13' and 13° 39' north and

Government radio station. The port of entry is longitudes 144° 37' and 144° 58' east. It is 30 miles

Apra.

Exports include copra and cocoanut oil. Other long and four to eight and one-half miles wide

products are corn, rice, sweet potatoes, coffee, with an area of 206 square miles and a population bananas, pineapples, citrus fruits, limes, mangoes, (1940) of 22,290. Distance from Manila, 1.506 papayas, Creadfruit, cocoa, yams, tobacco, cassava. miles from San Francisco, 5.053 miles. The inhab- kapok, alligator pears, sugar cane, and timber. The itants call themselves Chamorros, but the present 4,300 head of cattle include 1,432 water buffaloes.

Canton and Enderbury Islands

The United States and Great Britain agreed (April 6, 1939) on a system of joint control and administration of Canton and Enderbury Islands of the Phoenix group in the Central Pacific, about half way between Hawaii and Australia. The formula applies for fifty years and thereafter indefinitely unless modified or terminated. Each government is represented by an administrative official and the islands are available for communications and for use as airports for inter

national aviation, but only civil aviation companies, incorporated in the United States of America or in any part of the British Commonwealth of Nations for the purpose of scheduled air services." The United States is permitted to build and operate an airport on Canton that will be open to use by British aircraft and civil aviation companies on equal terms The agreement was arranged after it was discovered that the islands had great potential value as air communication bases.

States' Entry Into Union, Capitals, Governors' Salaries, Terms

State

Ent'd Union Settled

Land
Area
1940

L'th, M. Br'th, M.
Sq. Miles

Capital

Sal. Gov. Term

200 335 240 375 270 75 35 400 250

305

Alabama
Arizona..
Arkansas.
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware.
Florida.
Georgia
Idaho.
Mlinois.
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan,
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri..
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire.
New Jersey
New Mexico..
New York
North Carolina.
North Dakota
Ohio.
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina.
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas..
Utah
Vermont
Virginia.
Washington
West Virginia.
Wisconsin
Wyoming

1819. Dec. 14 1912, Feb. 14 1836. June 15 1850, Sep. 9 1876, Aug. 1 1788, Jan. 9 1787. Dec. 7 1845, Mar. 3 1788. Jan. 2 1890, July 31 1818, Dec. 3 1816, Dec. 11 1846, Dec. 28 1861, Jan. 29 1792, June 1 1812. Apr. 8 1820, Mar. 15 1788. Apr. 28 1788, Feb. 6 1837, Jan. 26 1858, May 11 1817, Dec. 10 1821. Aug. 10 1889, Nov. 8 1867, Feb. 9 1864, Oct. 31 1788. June21 1787, Dec. 18 1912, Jan. 6 1788, July 26 1789, Nov.921 1889, Nov. 2 1803, Mar. 1 1907, Nov. 16 1859, Feb. 14 1787, Dec. 12 1790, May129 1788, May 23 1889, Nov. 2 1796, June 1 1845, Dec. 29 1896, Jan. 4 1791. Mar. 4 1788, June 25 1889, Nov. 11 1863, June 20 1848, May 29 1890, July 10

1702 1580 1685 1769 1858 1635 1726 1559 1733 1842 1720 1733 1788 1727 1765 1699 1624 1634 1620 1650 1805 1716 1764 1809 1847 1850 1623 1664 1537 1614 1650 1780 1788 1889 1838 1682 1636 1670 1794 1757 1686 1847 1724 1607 1811 1727 1670 1834

51.078 113.580

52,725 156.803 103,967

4,899

1,978 54.262 58,518 82.808 55,947 36, 205 55,986 82,113 40,109 45,177 31,040 9,887 7,907 57.022 80,009 47,420 69,270 146,316

76,653 109.802

9,024

7.522 121,511 47.929 49.142 70,054 41,122 69,283 96,350 45,045

1,058 30,594 76,536 41,961 263,644 82,346

9,278 39,899 66,977 24,090 54.715 97,506

330
390
275
770
390

90
110
460
315
490
380
265
300
400
350
280
235
200
190
400
400
340
300
580
415
485
185
160
390
320
520
360
230
585
375
300

50 285 380 430 760 345 155 425 340 225 300 365

205 160 210 200 175 275 205 120 110 310 350 180 280 315 205 315 90 70 350 310 200 210 205 210 290 180

35 215 245 120 620 275

90 205 230 200 290 275

Montgomery.. $6,000
Phoenix

7,500
Little Rock. 6.000
Sacramento 10,000
Denver.

5,000
Hartford.

12.000 Dover

7.500 Tallahassee. 7.500 Atlanta

7.500
Bolse.

5.000
Springfield 12.000
Indianapolis 7,500
Des Moines 7.500
Topeka.

5.000
Frankfort. 10.000
Baton Rouge. 7,500
Augusta

5,000
Annapolis. 4,500
Boston

10.000 Lansing

5,000 St. Paul

7.000 Jackson

7,500 Jefferson City 5,000 Helena

7,500 Lincoln

7,500 Carson City 7,000 Concord

5,000 Trenton

20,000 Santa Fe.

5,000 Albany

25.000 Raleigh.

10.000
Bismarck

4,000
Columbus. 10,000
Oklahoma City 6,500
Salem

7.500
Harrisburg 18.000
Providence. 8,000
Columbia

7,500
Pierre

3,000 Nashville

4,000
Austin

12,000
Salt Lake City 6.000
Montpelier 5.000
Richmond 10.000
Olympia

6.000
Charleston 10.000
Madison

6.000 Cheyenne. 8,000

ANNAANON

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16

WO

Territory northwest of River Ohio July 13, 1787 No hxed date.

Mar. 1, 1803a 15
Territory south of River Ohio.. May 26, 1790 No Oxed date

June 1. 1796b 6
Mississippi.
Арг. 7, 1798 When President acted

Dec. 10, 1817 19 4
Indiana
May 7, 1800 July 4, 1800.

Dec. 11, 1816

2 Orleans. Mar. 26. 1804 Oct. 1, 1804

Apr. 8, 1812c 7
Michigan
Jan, 11, 1805 June 30, 1805.

Jan. 26. 1837 31
Louisiana-Missouri,
Mar. 3, 18050 July 4, 1805

Aug. 10,1821 16
Illinois
Feb. 3, 1809 Mar. 1, 1809.

Dec. 3, 1818 9
Alabama..
Mar. 3, 1817 When Miss. became a State.. Dec. 14, 1819

2
Arkansas.
Mar. 2, 1819 July 4, 1819

June 15, 1836 17
Florida.
Mar. 30, 1822 No fixed date.

Mar. 3, 1845 23
Wisconsin.
Apr. 20, 1836 July 3, 1836.

May 29, 1848 12 3
Iowa
June 12, 1838 July 3, 1838

Dec. 28, 1846 7 3
Oregon
Aug. 14, 1848 Date of act..

Feb. 14, 1859 10
Minnesota
Mar. 3, 1849 Date of act,

May 11, 1858 9 3 New Mexico

Sept. 9. 1850 Upon President's proclamation Jan 6, 1912 61 18 Ctah. Sept. 9, 1850 Date of act..

Jan. 4, 1896 44 14 Washington. Mar. 2. 1853 Date of act..

Nov. 11, 1889 36 13 Nebraska May 30, 1854 Date of act..

Feb. 9, 1867 12 5 Kansas May 30, 1854 Date of act..

Jan. 29, 1861 6 6 Colorado. Feb. 28, 1861 Date of act..

Aug. 1, 1876 15 7
Nevada
Mar. 2. 1861 Date of act..

Oct. 31, 1864 3
Dakota.
Mar. 2. 1861 Date of act..

Nov. 2, 1889 28 10
Arizona..
Feb. 24, 1863 Date of act..

Feb. 14, 1912 49 16 Idaho Mar 3, 1863 Date of act..

July 3, 1890 27 12
Montana
May 26, 1864 Date of act,

Nov. 8, 1889 25
Wyoming
July 25, 1868 When ofcers were qualified. July 10, 1890

7 Oklahoma May 2, 1890 Date of act.

Nov. 16, 1907 (a) As the State of Ohio; (b) as the State of Tennessee; (c) as the State of Louisiana; (d) the organic act for Missouri Territory of June 4, 1812, became effective the first Monday in December (7th), 1812.

Certain western tracts of land, acquired at vari- created out of these lands some 28 organized terrious times and in various ways by the United States, tories which, after an average existence of nearly as indicated in the table, were governed by Con- 20 years in the territorial form, have entered the gress and the National Executive as colonies or Union as States. territories. During the period 1787-1912 Congress

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Land and Inland Water Area of U. S., by States, 1940

Source: United States Bureau of the Census

Inland
Total Land Water

Area
Area Area Area

Area

Total
Area

Land
Area

Inland
Water
Area

Square Square Square

Square Square Square Miles Miles Miles

Miles Miles Miles Alabama. 51.609 51 078 531 Nevada

110,540 109,802 738 Arizona 113,909 113,580 329 New Hampshire

9,304 9,024

2 Arkansas 53,102 52,725 377 New Jersey

7.836 7,522 314 California 158,693 156.803 1,890 New Mexico

121,666 121,511

155 Colorado. 104,247 103,967 280 New York,

49,576 47,929 1,647 Connecticut 5,009 4,899 110 North Carolina

52,712 49,142 3,570 Delaware

2,057 1,978
79 North Dakota.

70,665 70,054 611 Dist. of Columbia

69
61
8 Ohio

41,222 41,122 100 Florida. 58.560 54.262 4,298 Oklahoma

69,919 69,283 636 Georgia. 58,876 58,518 358 Oregon

96,981 96,350

631 Idaho 83,557 82.808 749 Pennsylvania.

45,333 45,045

288 Hilinols 56,400 55.947 453 Rhode Island.

1,214 1,058

156 Indiana

36,291 36,205
86 South Carolina

31,055 30,594 461 lows. 56,280 55,986 294 South Dakota

77,047 76,536

511 Kansas 82,276 82,113 163 Tennessee.

42.246 41.961

285 Kentucky 40.395 40,109 286 |Texas.

267,339 263,644 3,695 Louisiana 48.523 45,177 3,346 Utah

84.916 82.346 2.570 Maine. 33,215 31,040 2,175 Vermont

9.009 9.278 331 Maryland 10.577 9.887 690| Virginia

40.815 39.899 916 Massachusetts

8,257 7.907
350 Washington

68,192 66,977 1,215 Michigan 58,216 57.022 1,194 West Virginia

24,181 24,090

91 Minnesota 84,068 80.009 4,059 Wisconsin.

56,154 54,715 1,439 Mississippi 47,7161 47,420 296Wyoming

97,914 97,506 40S Missouri.

69,674 69,270 404 Montana

147,138 146,316 822 United States.. 3,022,387 2,977,128 45.259 Nebraska

77,2371 76,6531 584 Land area is defined to include: Dry land and land water surface, such as lakes, reservoirs and land temporarily or partially covered by water, ponds having 40 acres or more of area; streams, such as marshland, swamps, and river floor plains; sloughs, estuaries, and canals one-eighth of a streams, sloughs, estuaries, and canals less than statute mile or more in width; deeply indented emone-eighths of a statute mile in width; and lakes, bayments and sounds, and other coastal waters bereservoirs and ponds having less than 40 acres hind or sheltered by headlands or islands separated of area

by less than one nautical mile of water, and islands Inland water is defined to include: Permanent in- having less than 40 acres of area.

Land and Water Area of U.

S. by States, 1930

Source: United States Bureau of the Census
Land Water Total

Land Water Total
States
Surface Surface Area States

Surface Surface Area Square Square Square

Square Square Square Miles Miles Miles

Miles Miles Miles Alabama 51.279 719 51,998 Nevada.

109.821 869 110,690 Arizona.

113,810
146 113,956 New Hampshire

9,031 310 9,341 Arkansas 52,525 810 53,335 New Jersey

7,514 710 8,224 California 155,652 2,645 158,297 New Mexico

122,503 131 122,634 Colorado. 103,658 290 103.948 New York..

47.654 1,550 49,204 Connecticut. 4,820 145 4,965 North Carolina

48,740 3,686 52,426 Delaware 1,965 405 2,370 North Dakota.

70,183

654

70.837 Dist. of Columbia.

62

8
70 Ohio..

40,740

300 41,04) Florida. 54,861 3,805 58,666 Oklahoma.

69,414 643

70.051 Georgia 58,725 540 59,265 Oregon

96,607 1,092 96,699 Idaho 83.354 534 83,888 Pennsylvania

44,832 294 45,126 Illinois 56,043 622 56, 665 Rhode Island

1,067 181 1.248 Indiana 36,015 309 36,354 South Carolina

30,495 494 30,989 Iowa. 55,586 561 56,147 South Dakota.

76,868 747 77,615 Kansas 81,774 384 82,158 Tennessee

41.687 335 42,022 Kentucky.

40,181
417 40,598 Texas.

262,398 3,498 265,896 Louisiana 45,409 3.097 48,506 Utah.

82,184

2,806

84.9 Maine. 29,895 3,145 33,040 Vermont.

9,124 440 9.564 Maryland. 9,941 2,386 12,327 Virginia.

40,262 2.365 42,627 Massachusetts. 8,039 227 8,266 Washington

66,836 2,291 69,127 Michigan 57,480 500 57,980 Wext Virginia

24,022

148 24,170 Minnesota. 80,858 3,824 84,682 Wisconsin..

55,256 810 56,066 Mississippi. 46,362 503 46,865 Wyoming

97,548 366 97,914 Missouri.

68,727 693 69,420 Montana 146,131 866 148,997 Total U. S.

2,973,776 53,013 3,026,789 Nebrasks.

76,868 712 77.520 The area (square miles) of U. S Possessions, Ohio, 3,443 of Lake Erie. 1930, was then stated by the Bureau of the Census Pennsylvania, 891 of Lake Erie. as follows: Alaska, 586,400; Guam, 206; Hawaii, Washington, 1.765 of Strait Juan de Fuca and 6,407; Canal Zone, 549; Philippines, 114,000; Puerto

Strait of Georgia Rico, including adjacent Islands, 3,435; American

Wisconsin, 2,378 of Lake Superior and 7,500 of

Lake Michigan. Samoa, 76; Virgin Islands, 133; total Possessions

The Supreme Court of the United States (Feb. 711,606

5, 1934) redefined the boundary between New The States named below were reckoned in 1930

Jersey and Delaware. In the circular area within by the Bureau of the Census to contain approxi

12 miles of Newcastle, the whole width of the mately additional square miles, as follows:

Delaware River belongs to Delaware. South of Illinois, 1,674 of Lake Michigan.

that, the boundary follows the ship channel. Indiana, 230 of Lake Michigan.

The Supreme Court (March 17, 1930) established Michigan, 16,653 of Lake Superior, 12,922 of Lake the true location of that part of the 100th MeMichigan, 9,925 of Lake Huron, and 460 of Lakes ridian of Longitude west from Greenwich which is St. Claire and Erie.

& portion of the boundary between Oklahoma and Minnesota, 2,514 of Lake Superior.

Texas, transferring 44.6 square miles of land area New York, 3,140 of Lakes Ontario and Erie. from Oklahoma to Texas.

Postal Information
Source: As of June 27, 1941, the office of the Postmaster General

DOMESTIC RATES First-Class (limit 70 pounds); Letters and writ- Catalogs and similar printed advertising matter ten and sealed matter, 3 cents for each ounce, in bound form consisting of 24 or more pages and except when addressed for local delivery: Local

not exceeding 10 pounds in weight, individually letters, 2 cents an ounce at letter-carrier offices: addressed: and 1 cent an ounce at all other offices unless col

Rates Local 1-2 3 4 5 6 7 8 lected or delivered by rural or star-route carriers. in which case the rate is 2 cents an ounce.

1st lb

4c 4c 5c 6C 7c 8c 9c 106 Government postal cards, I cent each.

Each add. lb...40 1c 2c 3c 4c 5c вс 70 Private mailing or post cards, 1 cent each.

Special delivery rates on first-class matter are Books of 24 or more pages consisting wholly of 10 cents, up to lbs.; 20 cents, 2 lbs. to 10 lbs.; reading matter and containing no advertising 25 cents on matter weighing over 10 lbs.

matter other than incidental announcements of Second-Class: Newspapers,

books, in cloth, leather 'or paper binding, with

magazines, and other periodicals containing notice of second-class memoranda purposes, 112c a pound.

no ruled or blank pages intended for records or entry. When sent by others than the publishers or news agent, 1 cent for each two ounces or fraction

The limit of size is 100 inches in girth and length

combined. thereof, or the 4th class rate, whichever is lower.

A special rate of postage is provided for library Third-Class (limit, 8 ounces): Circulars and books, consisting wholly of reading matter and other miscellaneous printed matter, also mer- containing no advertising matter other than inchandise, 19 cents for each 2 ounces.

cidental announcements of books, mailed to readers Special delivery rates on other than first-class by public libraries, organizations or associations matter-15 cents up to 2 lbs; 25 cents, 2 lbs. to 10 not organized for profit and when returned by the lbs. ; 35 cents on all matter weighing over 10 lbs. readers, such rate being 3 cents for the first pound

Books (including catalogs) of 24 pages or more, and 1 cent for each additional pound to any point seeds, cuttings, bulbs, roots, scions, and plants, within the first, second, or third zones, or within 1 cent for each 2 ounces.

the State in which mailed. Bulk lots of identical pieces may be mailed in quantities of not less than 20 pounds or 200 pieces class matter is graduated according to the weights

The special handling postage charge on fourthat pound rates with a minimum charge of one cent

of the parcels, namely, 10 cents for parcels weigha piece, such rates being eight cents a pound or

ing not more than two pounds, 15 cents for parcels fraction thereof for books and catalogs having 24

weighing more than two pounds but not exceeding pages or more, seeds and plants, and twelve cents

ten pounds, and 20 cents for parcels weighing more a pound or fraction thereof for all other third

than ten pounds. class matter.

Payment of the special handling postage charge Fourth-Class (Parcel Post) (over eight ounces): entities the parcel to receive the most practicable Merchandise, books, printed matter, and all other expeditious handling, transportation and delivery, mailable matter not in first or second class

but does not include special delivery at the office of The parcel post zones are local; (1) up to 50 address. miles; (2) 50 to 150 miles; (3) 150 to 300 miles: (4) 300 to 600 miles; (5) 600 to 1,000 miles; (6)

Airplane (air mail) rates

Per ounce 1,000 to 1,400 miles; (7) 1,400 to 1,800 miles; (8)

(cents) over 1,800 miles.

United States, from one post office to The parcel post rates are:

another on mainland, including

Alaska, and also from one post office Local zone, 7 cents for the first pound or fraction. to another in Hawaiian Islands (but and 1 cent for each additional 2 pounds or fraction. not between mainland and those First and second zones, 8 cents for the first

islands)

6 pound or fraction and 1.1 cents for each additional

Per half ounce pound or fraction.

U. S. (mainland) to or from

(cents) Third zone, 9 cents for the first pound or fraction

Hawaii

20 and 2 cents for each additional pound or fraction.

Guam

40 Philippine Islands

50 Fourth zone, 10 cents for the first pound or

Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands of fraction and 3.5 cents for each additional pound or

U. S., U.S. Naval Station, fraction.

Guantanamo Bay (Cuba),

10 Tifth zone, 11 cents for the first pound or fraction Canal Zone

15 and 5.3 cents for each additional pound or fraction. Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands of U. S.,

U.S. Naval Station, Guantanamo Sixth zone, 12 cents for the first pound or frac.

Bay, to or from tion and 77 cents for each additional pound or

Canal Zone

15 fraction.

Hawaii

30 Serenth zone, 14 cents for the first pound or

Guam

50 fraction and 9 cents for each additional pound or Philippine Islands

60 fraction.

Puerto Rico to or from-
Virgin Islands of U. S.

10 Eighth zone, 15 cents for the first pound or

U.S. Naval Station, Guantanamo fraction and 11 cents for each additional pound or

Bay

10 fraction A fraction of a cent in the total amount of Virg. Is. of U. S. to or from U. S.

Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay 10 postage on any parcel shall be counted as a full

Hawaii to or from cent. On parcels collected on rural routes, the postage Guam

20

30

Philippine Islands is 2 cents less per parcel than at the rates shown

35

Canal Zone above, when addressed for local delivery, and 3 cents less per parcel when for other than local Guam to or from-

10

Philippine Islands delivery. In the first or second zone, where the distance Canal Zone

55 by the shortest regular practicable mail route is Canton Island to and from 300 miles or more, the rate is 9 cents for the first Hawaii

10 pound and 2 cents for each additional pound.

United States (mainland)

30 Parcels weighing less than 10 pounds measuring Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands of over 84 inches, but not more than 100 inches in United States, U. S. Naval Stalength and girth combined, are subject to a mini

tion, Guantanamo Bay (Cuba) 40 mum charge equal to that for a 10-pound parcel Canal Zone

45 for the zone to which addressed.

Midway Islands

20 The rate on fourth-class matter between any

Wake Island

25 point in the United States and any point in the

Guam

30 Hawaiian Islands, and any point in Alaska, and

Philippine Islands

40 between any two points in Alaska, is 15 (ants for

The foregoing air-mall rates include all transthe first pound and 11 cents for each additional

portation by air mail available in the United pound or fraction thereof. These rates also apply to parcels mailed in the States, including Hawaii; also in the Philippine

Islands. United States for delivery in the Canal Zone, and to parcels between the Philippine Islands and the Special airplane stamps issued for the pay. United States or its possessions.

ment of postage on air mail or ordinary postage

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