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gency surveys comedicine, como no E. P. B. S

ective commong the.chool, the scine central trade schooled

learning he Philippinenio Toma

Civilian Emergency Administration to co-ordinate trained for 5 months. The Philippine army work connected with the civilian defense of the (1939) had 120.000 reservists. It is planned to have Philippines with Teofilo Sison, Secretary of Na & citizen army of 400,000. tional Defense, as chairman. The Civilian Emer The inblitary forces of the Philippines (land and gency Planning Board recommended the action sea) were placed under United States command for after surveys conducted by committees of supply, the duration of the emergency (July 26, 1941) by transportation, medicine, communications, welfare, order of President Roosevelt. Gen. McArthur was and personnel and labor. The C. E. P. B. suggested named by the War Department in Washington to that Commonwealth authorities develop effective command the forces. plans to increase prodution of essential foodstuffs Among the special Government institutions are and the supply of all imported essentials, such as the Normal School, the School of Arts and Trades, fuel. Recommendations were made for the control the Nautical School, and the Central Luzon Agriof transportation to save gas, oil and mechanical cultural School. There are provincial trade schools. parts and suggestions were made for the establish Higher learning is provided by the State supported ment of medical supplies of all kinds, the control University of the Philippines, Manila, and the of telegraph, telephone and radio, and the estab Dominican University of Santo Tomas (founded lishment and co-ordination of civilian aid organiza 1611), the oldest university under the American tions.

flag. High Commissioner Sayre said that he and Presi The chief agricultural products are-unhusked dent Quezon were in complete accord on the plan. rice ("palay"), Manila hemp ("abaca"), copra,

At President Quezon's request President Roose-sugar cane, corn, tobacco and maguey. The prinVelt detailed Gen. Douglas MacArthur, retiring cipal fruit is the banana, but there are also manChief of Staff of the United States Armyas goes, papaya, lanzones, pilinut, chico, mandarins military adviser to the Government. He made and oranges. public (June 19, 1936) an army defense plan "to Forests provide cabinet and construction timber give pause to the most ruthless and powerful'': in large quantities; also gums and resins, vegetable calling for a fleet of 50 to 100 small, fast torpedo oils, rattan and bamboo, tan and dye barks and boats for coast defense, a 250-plane air force, a dye woods. Rubber is being cultivated as well as regular army of about 930 officers and 6.500 men the Chinchona tree for quinine. with a reserve corps raised under universal mili Baguio, in the hills, 100 miles north of Manila, tary service and trained in schools and out at the l is the center of the gold mining district. rate of 40.000 a year. The total registration of Silver, lead, zinc, copper, iron, coal, petroleum, 20-year-old Filipinos then exceeded 148,000. The chromite, asbestos and manganese are mined, as cost he placed at $8,000,000 a year. The National well as clay, marble, salt, etc. The islands are rich Assembly (Aug. 8, 1936) appropriated $1,400.000 in mineral resources. It is estimated that there are to build training centers. The Philippine Con | 75 square mniles of coal fields containing lignite stabulary. 659 officers, 7.504 enlisted men (1937) | and bituminous. divided into 127 companies and occupying 186 stra The Government showed a deficit of 10,000,000 tegic stations, is the nucleus of the new army. pesos (nominal value 50 cents in the 1940 fiscal Approximately 40.000 20-year-old Filipinos are year. The 1941-1942 budget calls for expenditures selected by lot for military service each year and, of 11,675,000 pesos and receipts of 112,982,000.

The Canal Zone The Canal Zone is a strip of land extending five area of 163.4 square miles. The water area of the miles on either side of the axis of the Panama zone is 190.94 square miles. The zone has a populaCanal but not including the cities of Panama or tion (1940 census) of 51,827, an increase of 31.3% Colon, which remain in the Republic of Panama,

in ten years.

The Canal Zone is a Government reservation adbut are under U. S. jurisdiction in the matter of

ministered by the organization known as The sanitation and quarantine. The port at the

Panama Canal. This is an independent organizaCaribbean entrance, formerly a part of Colon,

| tion in the Government service whose head is the is Cristobal; and that the Pacific entrance Balboa, Governor, directly under the President. As a while to the east of Panama is the residential town matter of executive arrangement, the Secretary of of Ancon, with hotel and hospital.

War represents the President in the administration The strip of land was granted to the United of Canal Affairs. The Zone is fortified and occupied States by Panama by treaty (Feb. 26. 1904) | by a garrison in addition to the civilian employees the compensation being $10,000,000, with annual of the Canal and railroad. The Governor is Brig. payments of $250,000 in addition. No private in Gen. Glen E. Edgerton. dividuals are allowed to acquire land.

The Army maintains air ports at France Field on The Canal Zone, including land and water, but the Atlantic side and Albrook Field on Balboa excluding the water within the 3-mile limits from Heights on the Pacific side. the Atlantic and Pacific ends, has an area of 549 American occupation of the Canal Zone began square miles. Gatun Lake, with the water at its (May 4, 1904) and the Canal was opened to traffic normal level of 85 feet above sea level, has an I (Aug. 15, 1914).

Puerto Rico

Capital, San Juan Puerto Rico is the fourth largest of the Greater | places sugar mills under the authority of the Antilles, with the Atlantic Ocean on the north and Public Service Commission. the Caribbean Sea on the south. Santo Domingo Puerto Rico was discovered and named by Columis about 45 miles to the west, and St. Thomas 40 bus (1493). Ponce de Leon conquered it for Spain miles to the east with an area, including adjacent (1509-1511). It was seized by Major Gen. Mlles in islands, of 3,435 square miles. The island of Cu the Spanish-American War and ceded to the United lebra, and Vieques, to the east, form part of the States by the Treaty of Paris (Dec. 10, 1898). It is territory. It is 95 miles long (from east to west) administered under the Organic Act of Puerto Rico, and 35 miles wide, with a coast line of about (March 2, 1917 and amended March 4, 1927). 345 miles. The best harbors are at San Juan which also granted American citizenship to Puerto and Ponce. Through the middle of the island, from Ricans, and granted manhood suffrage. The Goveast to west, runs a range of mountains with an ernor is appointed by the President. The Legislaaltitude of 1,500 to 3,750 It., cultivable to the ture-a Senate of 19 members and a House of Repsummits. The soil is extremely fertile and largely resentatives of 39 is elected for four years by direct under cultivation. The lower lands to the north vote. There are seven executive departments: Jusare well watered, but irrigation is needed in the tice, Finance, Interior, Education, Agriculture and south; an extensive system has been constructed Commerce, Labor, and Health. The President apby the Government. Sugar, pineapples, oranges, 1 points, upon confirmation by the Senate, the grapefruit, tobacco and coffee are the chief exports. Attorney General, Commissioner of Education and Cotton, linen and silk manufactures and embroi the Auditor. The Governor, subject to confirmaderies are exported to the United States. Distilling tion by the Insular Senate, appoints the four reof alcohol and the canning of fruits and vegetables maining department heads. Five Justices of the are important industries.

Supreme Court are appointed by the President. Puerto Rico purchased from the United States in The seven heads of departments form the Executive the 1939-1940 fiscal year $100,517,184 worth of Council. The island elects a Resident Commissioner goods. The chief export was sugar with a value

at Washington with a voice but no vote in the of $57,328,790 for the same period.

House of Representatives, for å term of four years. The Puerto RicanLand Authority law (1941) The governor is Rexford Guy Tugwell. limits land holdings by corporations to no more

The island makes its own tax laws and derives than 500 acres. Large holdings are to be taken over further revenue by converting customs levies, inby the Government and redistributed in small come tax receipts and internal revenue collections parcels under the supervision of the Authority. The into the Insular Treasury. law is aimed to break up large sugar estates on the Although Spanish is the popular language the Island and to mitigate poverty. The law also I Insular Government fosters intensive instruction in

English in the public schools, credited with being | States Weather Bureau reported that in 2192 days the inost efficient and up-to-date school system in of the six year period ending in 1940 Puerto Rico Latin America.

had only 17 days without sunshine. The American influence reaches into every phase Mineral production in Puerto Rico is insignifiof Puerto Rican life and the island is the sixth cant, consisting of quarry products and high grade largest offshore consumer of American produced manganese ore. Recently a Bureau of Mines was merchandise, returning in profits to manufacturers started by the Insular Government, and prospecand agriculture vastly more money than is absorbed tion and development to date have proved deposits in normal times by federal grants.

of manganese, copper, gold, and glass sand, which The leading problem confronting Puerto Rico will become productive as soon as capital is availis an economic one arising out of steady population able. increase in an overcrowded island. To meet the The population (1940) is 1,869,255. over-population menace the Insular Legislature Education is free and compulsory (since 1899). (1937) passed a birth control bill.

There are 2,295 schools on the island with an enA mild climate, cool in summer and warm in rollment of 281,359 pupils. There are 44 accredited winter, gives Puerto Rico with its old world atmos private schools. The University of Puerto Rico is phere a playground drawing power that is being in Rio Piedras, seven miles from San Juan. fully exploited. The average range of temperature The Roman Catholic religion is dominant. is from 90 to 50 with an average of 76. The United | English and Spanish are spoken.

Virgin Islands of the U. S.

Capital, Charlotte Amalie, formerly St. Thomas The Virgin Islands of the United States, for- | The Governor has limited veto powers. The Islands merly the Danish West Indies, were bought for are under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of the $25,000,000 by the United States from Denmark, 1 in a treaty (proclaimed Jan. 25, 1917). The group The governor is Charles Harwood. consists of three islands, St. Thomas, St. Croix Raw sugar output averages more than 5,000 tons and St. John, with about 50 smaller ones, mostly a year, or about an amount equal to the quota of uninhabited. The area of the three main islands raw sugar from the Virgin Islands that may be adis 133 square miles. The population (1940) is mitted to the United States under the Jones24.889. .

Costigan Act. St. Thomas Island has the principal harbor of The Island of St. John is famous for its bay oil, the group and it is here that the town of extracted from the leaves of the bay tree, and Charlotte Amalie is situated. It is about 40 miles St. Thomas for the finished product of bay rum, east of Fajardo, the nearest port on the Island of | Education is compulsory. Illiteracy, though high, Puerto Rico, and 70 miles from San Juan, the is being reduced. Only 2% of the population cannot principal city and port of Puerto Rico. St. Thomas speak English lies south, 20° east and 1,442 miles distant from After the repeal of Prohibition in the United New York City. St. Croix is 40 miles south of St. States production of rum was resumed on a large Thomas. The language is English.

scale. The government established a rum disCongress (1927), conferred citizenship on the tillery backed by 5,000 acres of sugar cane and natives, and under the organic act (June 22, two sugar mills. 1936) there is universal suffrage for all who can Tax collections on the commerce have reduced read and write English.

the annual appropriations from Congress to assist The Islands comprise two municipalities, that of the local Legislature in paying for schools. hosSt. Thomas and St. John, with a legislative councilpitals, fire, police and public works. called the Municipal Council, of seven members, Bi-weekly passenger and freight service is mainand that of St. Croix, with a membership of nine.tained from New York City to St. Thomas, St. The two councils form a Colonial Legislature, Croix and the lower islands. There is also se which must meet yearly. Elections are biennial.' weekly air mail service.

American Samoa

Capital, Pago Pago, Island of Tutuila American Samoa, composed of the islands of from Manila. The natives read and write and are Tutuila. Aunuu. Olu. Olosega and Tau. and the Christians of different denominations. They are a uninhabited coral atoll of Rose Island, became a

high type of the Polynesian race and are on the

increase because the laws prohibit foreigners from possession of the United States by virtue of the

buying their land. tripartite treaty with Great Britain and Germany

All of the land on the islands is privately owned. (Nov. 1899), accepted by the United States Under the American Commandant-Governor there (Feb. 13. 1900). It is under control of the Navy is a native Governor in each of the three political Department as a naval station. Construction of a divisions. The native Governors appoint the County naval air base was started (1940). The islands Chiefs, who appoint the Village Chiefs. have an area of 76 square miles and a population There are public schools with more than 2,000 (1940) of 12,908.

pupils, and several private schools. Pago Pago, a valuable harbor in the South The chief product is copra, of which about 1,100 Pacific, was ceded (1872) by the native King to tons are exported annually. Taro, breadfruit, yams. the United States for a naval and coaling station. coconuts, pineapples, oranges and bananas are also

American Samoa is 4.160 miles from San Fran-produced commercially. The Government har cisco, 2,263 miles from Hawaii, 1,580 miles from the crop for the natives. Other fruits are grown Auckland, 2,354 miles from Sydney and 4,200 miles but not exported. About 70% of the land is forest.

Guam

Capital, Agana The Island of Guam, the largest of the Marianas, generation is a mixed race, with the Malay strain was ceded to the United States by Spain by Article predominating. Guam is under the Navy DepartTwo of the Treaty of Paris (Dec. 10, 1898). It lies ment, as a naval station. There also is a powerful between latitudes 13° 13' and 13° 39' north and

Government radio station. The port of entry is

Apra. longitudes 144 37' and 144° 58' east. It is 30 miles

Exports include copra and cocoanut oil. Other long and four to eight and one-half miles wide

products are corn, rice, sweet potatoes, coffee, with an area of 206 square miles and a population bananas, pineapples, citrus fruits, limes, mangoes, (1940) of 22,290. Distance from Manila, 1.506 papayas, breadfruit, cocoa, yams, tobacco, cassava, miles from San Francisco, 5,053 miles. The inhab- | kapok, alligator pears, sugar cane, and timber. The itants call themselves Chamorros, but the present ! 4,300 head of cattle include 1,432 water buffaloes.

Canton and Enderbury Islands The United States and Great Britain agreed national aviation, but only civil aviation com(April 6. 1939) on a system of joint control and

panies, incorporated in the United States of administration of Canton and Enderbury Islands

America or in any part of the British Commonof the Phoenix group in the Central Pacific, about

wealth of Nations for the purpose of scheduled

air services." The United States is permitted to hall way between Hawaii and Australia. The

build and operate an airport on Canton that will formula applies for fifty years and thereafter

be open to use by British aircraft and civil aviaindefinitely unless modified or terminated. Each

tion companies on equal terms. The agreement government is represented by an administrative was arranged after it was discovered that the official and the islands are available for com- islands had great potential value as air communimunications and for use as airports for inter- cation bases.

States' Entry Into Union, Capitals, Governors’ Salaries, Terms

State

Ent'd Union Settled

Land
Area

1940 L L'th, M. Br'th, M.
Sq. Miles

Capital

Sal. Gov. Term

[blocks in formation]

Denver.......

375
270
75

35
400
250
305
205
160
210
200
175
275
205
120
110
310
350

Alabama....

1819. Dec. 14 1702 Arizona..... 1912, Feb. 14 1580 Arkansas.... 1836, June 15 1685 California... 1850, Sep. 9 1769 Colorado. ... 1876, Aug. 1 1858 Connecticut.. 1788, Jan. 91 1635 Delaware...

1787, Dec. 1726 Florida....

1845, Mar. 31

1559 Georgia..... 1788, Jan. 1733 Idaho......

1890, July 3 1842 Illinois..... 1818, Dec. 3 1720 Indiana..... 1816, Dec. 11 1733 Iowa.....

1846, Dec. 28 1788 Kangas....

1861, Jan. 29 1727 Kentucky... 1792, June 1

1765 Louisiana.... 1812. Apr. 81 1699 Maine......

ne .......... 1820, Mar. 15 1624 Maryland.. 1788, Apr. 28 1634 Massachusetts ...1788, Feb. 6 1620 Mlehigan........ 1837. Jan. 26

1650 Minnesota....... 1858, May 11 1805 Mississippi... 1817, Dec. 10 1716 Missouri.... 1821, Aug. 10 1764 Montana.... 1889, Nov. 8 1809 Nebraska.. 1867, Feb. 9 1847 Nevada......

1864, Oct. 31 1850 New Hampshi re.. 1788, June21

1623 New Jersey...... 1787, Dec. 18 1664 New Mexico.....1912, Jan. 6 1537 New York. ...... 1788, July 26 1614 North Carolina. 1789. Nov.21

1650 North Dakota ... 1889, Nov. 2

1780 Ohio...

1803. Mar. 1

1788 Oklahoma....... 1907, Nov. 16

1889 Oregon.......... 1859, Feb. 14 1838 Pennsylvania .... 1787, Dec. 12 1682 Rhode Island. ... 1790, May 29 1636 South Carolina. . 1788, May 23 1670 South Dakota. .. 1889, Nov. 2 1794 Tennessee.... 1796, June 1 1757 Texas.

1845. Dec. 29

1686 Utah ....... 1896. Jan. 41 1847 Vermont

1791, Mar. 4 1724 Virginia..... 1788, June 25 1607 Washington. 1889, Nov. 11 1811 West Virginia. ... 1863, June 201727 Wisconsin...

1848. May 29 1670 Wyoming ....... 1890, July 10 1834

330
390
275
770
390

90
110
460
315
490
380
265
300
400
350
280
235
200
190
400
400
340
300
580
415
485
185
160
390
320
520
360
230
585
375
300

51.078 113.580

52.725 156,803 103,967

4,899

1,978 54.262 58,518 82.808 55,947 36.205 55.986 82,113 40.109 45,177 31,040 9,887 7,907 57.022 80,009 47,420 69,270 146.316 76,653 109, 802

9,024

7.522 121,511 47.929 49.142 70,054 41,122 69.283 96,350 45,045

1.055 30,594 76,536 41.961 263,644 82.346

9,278 39.899 66,977 24,090 54,715 97.500

180

NUNANAANNNANAANNAANNANNANNA

Montgomery.. $6,000
Phoenix......

7,500
Little Rock...) 6.000
Sacramento ... 10,000

5,000
Hartford.... 12,000
Dover...... 7.500
Tallahassee... 7.500
Atlanta.....

7.500
Bolse.

5.000
Springfield.. 12.000
Indianapolis 7.500
Des Moines... 7.500
Topeka...

5.000
Frankfort. .... 10.000
Baton Rouge.. 7.500
Augusta ......

5.000
Annapolis.. 4,500
Boston.... 10,000
Lansing...... 5,000
St. Paul

7,000
Jackson.... 7.500
Jefferson Cit 5,000
Helena ..... 7,500
Lincoln.....
Carson City.. 7.000
Concord.... 5.000
Trenton.

20.000
Santa Fe... 5.000
Albany .... 25.000
Raleigh..... 10.000
Bismarck... 4.000
Columbus... 10,000
Oklahoma City 6,500
Salem ........

7.500
Harrisburg.... 18,000
Providence, ... 8,000
Columbla..... 7.500
Pierre.......

3,000
Nashville.....

4.000
Austin ....... 12,000
Salt Lake City 6.000
Montpelier... 5.000
Richmond.... 10,000
Olympia...... 6.000
Charleston.... 10.000
Madison. ..

6.000
Cheyenne..... 8,000

280 315 205 315 90

7.500

70

50

285 380 430 760 345 155 425 340 225 300

350
310
200
210
205
210
290
180

35
215
245
120
620
275

90 205 230 200 290 275

365

Chronological List of Territories

Source: Government and State Records

[graphic]

Territory northwest of River Ohio July 13, 1787 No fixed date. ,

Mar. 1, 1803a
Territory south of River Ohio... May 26, 1790 No fixed date..

June 1, 1796b 6
Mississippi.....
Apr. 7. 1798 When President acted.

Dec. 10, 1817 19
Indiana..
May 7, 1800 July 4, 1800,

Dec. 11, 1816 16
Orleans......
Mar 26, 1804 Oct. 1, 1804 ....

Apr. 8, 1812c
Michigan.
... Jan. 11. 1805 June 30, 1805...

Jan. 26, 1837
Louisiana-Missouri..
Mar. 3. 18050 July 4, 1805.

Aug. 10,1821
Illinois
Feb. 3. 1809 Mar. 1, 1809.....

Dec. 3, 1818
Alabama..

Mar. 3. 1817 When Miss. became a Sta Dec. 14, 1819
Arkansas..
Mar. 2, 1819 July 4, 1819....

June 15, 1836
Florida....
Mar. 30, 1822 No fixed date..

Mar. 3, 184523
Wisconsin..
Apr. 20, 1836 July 3, 1836....

May 29, 1848
Iowa.....
June 12, 1838 July 3, 1838....

Dec. 28, 1846
Oregon....
Aug 14, 1848 Date of act...

Feb. 14, 1859
Minnesota
Mar. 3, 1849 Date of act..

May 11, 1858
New Mexic

Sept. 9, 1850 Upon President's proclama Jan 6, 1912
Utah.
Sept. 9. 1850 Date of act..

Jan. 4, 1896
Washington.
Mar. 2. 1953 Date of act..

Nov. 11. 1889
Nebrask &
May 30. 1854 Date of act..

Feb. 9, 1867
Kansas...
May 30, 1854 Date of act..

Jan. 29. 1861
Colorado..
Feb. 28, 1861 Date of act...

Aug. 1, 1876
Nevada....
Mar. 2, 1861 Date of act....

Oct. 31, 1864
Dakota.....
Mar. 2, 1861 Date of act...,

Nov. 2. 1889
Arizon&...
Feb. 24, 1863 Date of act.....

Feb. 14. 1912
Idaho......
Mar. 3, 1863 Date of act......

July 3, 1890
Montana...
May 26, 1864 Date of act......

Nov. 8, 1889
Wyoming...

July 25, 1868 When officers were qualified....uly 10, 1890
Oklahoma....
May 2, 1890 Date of act.

Nov. 16. 1907 17 (a) As the State of Ohio; (b) as the State of Tennessee, (c) as the State of Louisiana; (d) the organic act for Missouri Territory of June 4, 1812, became effective the first Monday in December (7th), 1812.

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Certain western tracts of land, acquired at vari- created out of these lands some 28 organized terri. ous times and in various ways by the United States, tories which, after an average existence of nearly as indicated in the table, were governed by Con 20 years in the territorial form, have entered the gress and the National Executive as colonies or Union as States. territories. During the period 1787-1912 Congress

· Land and Inland Water Area of U. S., by States, 1940

Source: United States Bureau of the Census

[blocks in formation]

79

low..

Square Square Square

Square Square Square Miles Miles Miles

Miles Miles Miles Alabama..... 51.609 51 0781 531 Nevada

110.540! 109.802 738 Arizona.. 113,909 113,580 329 New Hampshire...

9.304 9.0242 ArkansAS 53,102 52,725 377 New Jersey .....

7.836 7.522

314 California..... 159,693 156,803 1,890

121,666 121,511

155 Colorado......

104,247 103,967

280
New York......

49,576 47.929 1,647 Connecticut

5,009 4,899
110 North Carolina

52,712 49,142 3,570 Delaware.

2,057 1.978
North Dakota...

70,665 70,054 611 Dist. of Columbia

69
61
Ohio..

41,222 41,122 100 Florida...... 58,560 54,262 4.298 Oklahoma.......

69,919 69,283 636 Georgia. 58,876 58.518 358 Oregon .........

96,981 96,350 631 Idaho..... 83,557 82.808 749 Pennsylvania...

45,333 45,045 288 Illinois 56,400 55,947 453) Rhode Island...

1.214 1.058

156 Indiana..

36,291 36,205
86 South Carolina.

31,055 30,594 461
56,280 55,986
294 South Dakota...

77,047 76,536 511 Kansas..... 82,276 82.113 163 Tennessee......

42.246 41.961 285 Kentucky 40.395 40,109 286 Texas....

267,339 263,644 3,695 Louisiana 48,523 45,177 3,346 Utah .......

84,916 82,346 2,570 Maine.. 33,215 31.040 2,175 Vermont......

9.609 9.278 331 Maryland

10.577 9.8871
690 Virginia

40.815 39,899 916 Massachusetts 8.257 7.907 350 Washington .....

68.192 66,977 1,215 Michigan ...... 58,2161 57.022 1.194 West Virginia..

24.181 24.0901

91 Minnesota 84,068 80,009 4,059 Wisconsin.......

56.154 54,715 1,439 Mississippi.. 47.716 47,420 296Wyoming..

97,914 97.506

408 Missouri......

69.6741 69,270

404 Montana....... .J 147,138 146.316 822) United States....

45,259 Nebraska.... ... 77,237176,653 584||

Land area is defined to include: Dry land and land water surface, such as lakes, reservoirs and land temporarily or partially covered by water, ponds having 40 acres or more of area; streams, such as marshland, swamps, and river floor plains; sloughs, estuaries, and canals one-eighth of a streams, sloughs, estuaries, and canals less than statute mile or more in width: deeply indented emone-eighths of a statute mile in width; and lakes, bayments and sounds, and other coastal waters bereservoirs and ponds having less than 40 acreshind or sheltered by headlands or islands separated of area

by less than one nautical mile of water; and Islands Inland water is defined to include: Permanent in- I having less than 40 acres of area.

3,022.387 2,977,128

Land and Water Area of U. S. by States, 1930

Source: United States Bureau of the Census
Land Water Total

Land | Water
Surface Surface | Area States

Surface Surface

States

Total
Area

8101

309

Square Square Square

Square Square Square Miles Miles | Miles

Miles Miles Miles Alabama.... 51.279 7191 51.998

Nevada.........

109.821 869 110,690 Arizona..

113,810

146
113,956 New Hampshire.

9.031 3101 9,341 Arkansas...

52,525
53,335 New Jersey ..

7,514 710 8,224 California 155,652 2,645 158,297 New Mexico...

122,503

131

122,634 Colorado....., 103,658 290 103.948 New York.....

47.654 1,550 49,204 Connecticut.

4,820

145
4,965 North Carolina.

48,740 3.686 52,426 Delaware... 1,965 405 2.370 North Dakota.

70,183 654 70.837 Dist. of Columbia

62
701 Ohio...........

40.740

300 41,040) Florida..... 54,861 3,805 58,666 Oklahoma....

69,414

643

70.057 Georgia

58,725
540 59,265 Oregon...

96,607 1,092 96,699 Idaho... 83.354 534 83,888 Pennsylvania..

44,832 2941 45,126 Illinois 56,043 622 56,665 Rhode Island...

1,067

1811

1.248 Indiana...

36,045
36,354 South Carolina

30,495

494

30,989 Iow&........ 55,586 561 56,147 South Dakota ..

76,868 747 77,615 Kansas... 81.774 384 82,158 Tennessee.....

41,687 335 42.022 Kentucky,.. 40,181 4171 40.598| Texas..

262,398 3,498 265,896 Louisiana... 45, 409 3.097 48,506 Utah ........

82,184 2,806 84,990 Maine....... 29,895 3,145 33,040 Vermont .....

9,124 440 9,564 Maryland. 9,941 2,386 12.327 Virginia....

40,262 2,365 42,627 Massachusetts. 8,039 227 8.266 Washington...

66,836 2,291 69,127 Michigan... 57,480 500 57,980 Wext Virginia..

24,022 148 24,170 Minnesota 80,858 3,824 84,682 Wisconsin......

55,256 810 56,066 Mississippi.....

46,362

5031
46,865 Wyoming ..

97,548 366 97.914 Missouri.....

68,727

69,420 Montana......

146,131 866 146,997 Total U. S......... 2,973,776 53,013 3,026,789 Nebraska...

76,868

712 77.5201 The area (square miles) of U. S. Possessions, Ohio, 3,443 of Lake Erie. 1930, was then stated by the Bureau of the Census Pennsylvania, 891 of Lake Erie. as follows: Alaska, 586.400; Guam, 206; Hawaii, Washington, 1,765 of Strait Juan de Fuca and 6,407; Canal Zone, 549; Philippines, 114,000; Puerto Strait of Georgia

Wisconsin, 2.378 of Lake Superior and 7,500 of Rico, including adjacent Islands, 3,435; American

Lake Michigan. Samoa, 76; Virgin Islands, 133; total Possessions

The Supreme Court of the United States (Feb. 711,606.

5, 1934) redefined the boundary between New The States named below were reckoned in 1930

Jersey and Delaware. In the circular area within by the Bureau of the Census to contain approxi

12 miles of Newcastle, the whole width of the mately additional square miles, as follows:

Delaware River belongs to Delaware. South of Illinois, 1,674 of Lake Michigan.

that, the boundary follows the ship channel. Indiana, 230 of Lake Michigan.

The Supreme Court (March 17, 1930) established Michigan, 16,653 of Lake Superior, 12,922 of Lake the true location of that part of the 100th MeMichigan. 9.925 of Lake Huron, and 460 of Lakes ridian of Longitude west from Greenwich which is St. Claire and Erie.

& portion of the boundary between Oklahoma and Minnesota, 2,514 of Lake Superior.

Texas, transferring 44.6 square miles of land area New York, 3,140 of Lakes Ontario and Erie. from Oklahoma to Texas.

693

atry. Whet cent class rate,

Postal Information
Source: As of June 27, 1941, the office of the Postmaster General

DOMESTIC RATES First-Class (limit 70 pounds): Letters and writ- Catalogs and similar printed advertising matter ten and sealed matter, 3 cents for each ounce, in bound form consisting of 24 or more pages and except when addressed for local delivery: Local | not exceeding 10 pounds in weight, individually letters, 2 cents an ounce at letter-carrier offices: addressed: end i cent an ounce at all other offices unless col

Rates Local 1-2 3 4 5 6 7 8 lected or delivered by rural or star-route carriers. in which case the rate is 2 cents an ounce.

1st lb....... .. 40 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Government postal cards, 1 cent each.

Each add. lb...sc 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Private mailing or post cards, 1 cent each.

Special delivery rates an first-class matter are Books of 24 or more pages consisting wholly of 10 cents, up to 2 lbs.; 20 cents, 2 lbs. to 10 lbs.; reading matter and containing no advertising 25 cents on matter weighing over 10 lbs.

matter other than incidental announcements of

books, in cloth, leather or paper binding, with Second-Class: Newspapers, magazines, and

no ruled or blank pages intended for records or other periodicals containing notice of second-class

memoranda purposes, 112c a pound. entry. When sent by others than the publishers or

The limit of size is 100 inches in girth and length news agent, 1 cent for each two ounces or fraction

combined. thereof, or the 4th class rate, whichever is lower.

A special rate of postage is provided for library Third-Class (limit, 8 ounces): Circulars and | books, consisting wholly of reading inatter and other miscellaneous printed matter, also mer containing no advertising matter other than inchandise, 12 cents for each 2 ounces.

cidental announcements of books, mailed to readers Special delivery rates on other than first-class by public libraries, organizations or associations matter-15 cents up to 2 lbs: 25 cents, 2 lbs. to 10 | not organized for profit and when returned by the lbs., 35 cents on all matter weighing over 10 lbs. readers, such rate being 3 cents for the first pound

Books (including catalogs) of 24 pages or more, and 1 cent for each additional pound to any point seeds, cuttings, bulbs, roots, scions, and plants, I within the first second, or third zones, or within 1 cent for each 2 ounces.

the State in which mailed. Bulk lots of identical pieces may be mailed in

The special handling postage charge on fourthquantities of not less than 20 pounds or 200 pieces

class matter is graduated according to the weights at pound rates with a minimum charge of one cent

of the parcels, namely, 10 cents for parcels weigha piece, such rates being eight cents a pound or

ing not more than two pounds, 15 cents for parcels fraction thereof for books and catalogs having 24

| weighing more than two pounds but not exceeding pages or more, seeds and plants, and twelve cents

ten pounds, and 20 cents for parcels weighing more a pound or fraction thereof for all other third

than ten pounds. class matter.

Payment of the special handling postage charge Fourth-Class (Parcel Post) (over eight ounces): entitles the parcel to receive the most practicable Merchandise, books, printed matter, and all other expeditious handling, transportation and delivery. mailable matter not in first or second class

but does not include special delivery at the office of The parcel post zones are-local; (1) up to 50 address. miles; (2) 50 to 150 miles; (3) 150 to 300 miles: (4) 300 to 600 miles; (5) 600 to 1,000 miles; (6) Airplane (air mail) rates

Per ounce 1.000 to 1,400 miles; (7) 1,400 to 1,800 miles;

(cents) over 1,800 miles.

United States, from one post office to The parcel post rates are:

another on mainland, including

Alaska, and also from one post office Local zone, 7 cents for the first pound or fraction, to another in Hawaiian Islands (but and 1 cent for each additional 2 pounds or fraction. not between mainland and those

First and second zones, 8 cents for the first pound or fraction and 1.1 cents for each additional

Per half ounce pound or fraction.

U. S. (mainland) to or from

(cents) Third zone, 9 cents for the first pound or fraction

H&wali ...................... and 2 cents for each additional pound or fraction.

Guam

Philippine Islands Fourth zone, 10 cents for the first pound or

Puerto Rico. Virgin Islands of fraction and 3.5 cents for each additional pound or

U. S., U. S. Naval Station, fraction.

Guantanamo Bay (Cuba),...
Fifth zone, 11 cents for the first pound or fraction Canal Zone....
and 5.3 cents for each additional pound or fraction. Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands of U. S..
Sixth zone, 12 cents for the first pound or frac-

U.S. Naval Station, Guantanamo

Bay, to or from-tion and 7 cents for each additional pound or

Canal Zone........... fraction

Hawaii ............ Serenth zone, 14 cents for the first pound or Guam ... fraction and 9 cents for each additional pound

Philippine Islands, fraction.

Puerto Rico to or from Eighth zone, 15 cents for the first pound or

Virgin Islands of U. S..

U.S. Naval Station, Guantanamo fraction and 1l cents for each additional pound or

Bay..... fraction.

A fraction of a cent in the total amount of Virg. Is. of U. S. to or from U. S. postage on any parcel shall be counted as a full Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay

Hawaii to or from cent.

On parcels collected on rural routes, the postage Guam is 2 cents less per parcel than at the rates shown

Philippine Islands............. above. when addressed for local delivery, and 3

Canal Zone ............... cents less per parcel when for other than local Guam to or from-delivery.

Philippine Islands ..... In the first or second zone, where the distance Canal Zone.... by the shortest regular practicable mail route is Canton Island to and from 300 miles or more, the rate is 9 cents for the first pound and 2 cents for each additional pound.

United States (mainland). ..... Parcels weighing less than 10 pounds measuring Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands of over 84 inches, but not more than 100 inches in

United States, U. S. Naval Stalength and girth combined, are subject to a mini

tion, Guantanamo Bay (Cuba) mum charge equal to that for a 10-pound parcel Canal Zone ......... for the zone to which addressed.

Midway Islands The rate on fourth-class matter between any

Wake Island .... point in the United States and any point in the

Guam
Hawaiian Islands, and any point in Alaska, and Philippine Islands..............

40 between any two points in Alaska, is 15 cents for

The foregoing air-mall rates include all transthe first pound and 11 cents for each additional

portation by air mail available in the United pound or fraction thereof.

States, including Hawaii; also in the Philippine These rates also apply to parcels malled in the

Islands. United States for delivery in the Canal Zone, and to parcels between the Philippine Islands and the

Special airplane stamps issued for the payUnited States or its possessions.

ment of postage on air mail or ordinary postage

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