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Secretaries of State The Department of Foreign Affairs was created by Act of Congress July 27, 1789, and the name changed to Department of State on Sept. 15. Thomas Jefferson, then Minister to France, was appointed Secretary of State by President Washington Sept. 26, and took ofhce March 21, 1790. John Jay, who had held the office of Secretary for Foreign Affairs since his appointment by the Ninth Continental Congress in March 1784, in place of Robert R. Livingston (appointed Jan. 1781), left it in September, 1789, when the U. S. Supreme Court was established with him as Chief Justice.

The Secretary of State is charged, under the direction of the President, with the duties appertaining to correspondence with the public ministers and the consuls of the U. S. and with the representatives of foreign powers accredited to the U. S., and to negotiations of whatever character relating to the foreign affairs of the United States.

Reciprocal trade treaties between the American and other governments have been a feature of the activities of the Department of State in the recent years.

He is the medium of correspondence between the President and the chief executives of the several States of the U. 8.; he has the custody of the great seal of the U. S., and countersigns and affixes such seal to all Executives' proclamations, to various commissions, and to warrants for the extradition of fugitives.

He is the custodian of the treaties made with foreign States, and of the laws of the U.S. He grants and issues passports, and exequaturs to foreign consuls in the U.S. are issued through his office. He publishes the laws and resolutions of Congress, amendments to the Constitution, and proclamations declaring the admission of new States into the Union.

Limitations of armament on war ships and the size of those ships have been the subjects of treaties and conventions. The civil war in Spain, the conflict between Japan and China, and between Germany and Poland: the latter backed by Britain and Prance have kept the Secretary of State busy.

| Resi-1 ApPresidents

Resi- / Ap-
Cabinet Officers

de'ces pointed
Presidents Cabinet Officers

de'ces pointed Washington.. John Jay..

N. Y..

Lincoln ..... William H. Seward. N. Y.. 1861 Thomas Jefferson.... 1789 Johnson...

1865 Edmund Randolph.. 1794 Grant... Elihu B. Washburne.

1869 Timothy Pickering...

1795
Hamilton Fish ......

1869 J. Adms...... 1797 Hayes.. William M. Evarts...

1877 John Marshall... 1800 Garfield James G. Blaine.....M

1881 Jefferson ... James Madison..... 1801 Arthur.

1881 Robert Smith..

1809 Madison.....

F. T. Frelinghuysen. N.. 1881 James Monroe..... 1811 Cleveland ... Thomas F. Bayard... Del...

1885 Monroe.... John Quincy Adams. 1817 B. Harrison..James G. Blaine....

1889 J. Q. Adams.. Henry Clay.

1825

John W. Foster..... Ind... 1892 Martin Van Buren...

1829

Walter Q. Gresham..111.... Jackson.

1893 Edward Livingston..

1831

Richard Olney...... Mass.. 1895 Louis McLane...... Del.. 1833 MC

John Sherman.... Ohio.. 1897
John Forsyth.....

1834
William R. Day..

1898 1837 Van Buren ...

John Hay.....

1898 1841 | T. Roosevelt. W.H.Harrison Daniel Webster...

1901 1841 Tyler..

Ellhu Root....

1905
Hugh S. Legaré..
S.C... 1843
Robert Bacon..

1909 Abel P. Upshur..

1843 ||Taft.
Philander C. Knox... Pa....

1909 John C. Calhoun. S. C.. 1844

Wilson.......
William J. Bryan....

1913 James Buchanan,

1845

Robert Lansing .....N. Y.. Polk.

1915 John M. Clayton. Del... 1849

Bainbridge Colby.... Taylor.......

1920 Daniel Webster ..... Mass.. Fillmor

1850
Harding. Charles E. Hugnes...!

1921
Edward Everett.
1852 | Coolidge...

1923 1853 William L. Marcy... Plerce..

Frank B, Kellogg....Minn. 1925

". Lewis Cass...

Mich.

1857 |Hoover... Henry L. Stimson...N. Y., 1929 Buchanan Jeremiah 8. Black:::

1860 JF.D. Roosevelt Cordell Hull.... Tena 1933

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Secretaries of the Navy

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The Navy Department was created by Act of Congress April 30, 1798, which made the Secretary a member of the Cabinet. President Adams appointed Benjamin Stoddert to the part May 3. J. Adams. .. .. [Benjamin Stoddert...

1798 || Lincoln...... Gideon Welles...... Ct... 1861 1801 Johnson, .

1865 Jefferson ..... Robert Smith.......

1802 | Grant... Adolph E. Borie.....Pa.. 1869
1802
George M. Robeson.. N

1869 Madison Paul Hamilton...

1809 Hayes....... Rich
Richard W. Thompson In

1877 William Jones...

1813

Nathan Goll Jr...... W.Va. 1881
B. W. Crowninshle

1814 Garfield... William H. Hunt. ...La. 1881
1817
Arthur. ......

1881 Smith Thompson...

1818
William E. Chandler

1882 Samuel L. Southard..

1823 | Cleveland .... William C. Whitney. N. Y.. 1885 J. Q. Adams. 1825 B. Harrison.. Benjamin F. Tracy ..

1889 1829 John Branch. Jackson......

Cleveland .... Hilary A. Herbert ...

1893 Levi Woodbury.. 1831 McKinley .... John D. Long.......

1897 Mahlon Dickerson... 1834 IT. Roosevelt

1901 1837 Van Buren...

William H. Moody...

1902 James K. Paulding...

1838
Paul Morton........

1904 WH. Harrison George E. Badger....

1841

Charles J. Bonaparte. Md. 1905 1841

Victor H. Metcall... Cal... 1906 Tyler ........ Abel P. Upshur.....

1841

Truman H. Newberry Mich. 1908
David Henshaw....

1843
Taft....

George von L. Meyer Mass. 1909
Thomas W. Gilmer..

1844

Josephus Daniels....N. C.. 1913 John Y. Mason... 1844 Harding Edwin Denby....... Mich.

1921 George Bancroft..... 1845 Coolidge.....

1923 Polk....... John Y. Mason......

1846

Curtis D. Wilbur.... Cal... 1924 Taylor William B. Preston..

1849

Charles FrancisAdams Mass.. 1929 William A. Graham.

1850 F.D. Roosevelt Claude A. Swanson.. Va... Fillmore

1933 John P. Kennedy.... Md... 1852

.... Charles Edison...... N. J.

1940 James C. Dobbin....

1853

.... Frank Knox......... Plerce...

1940 ...

Ct....! 1857 Buchanan.... Isaac Toucey.......

George Cabot of Beverly, Mass., was appointed Elected as a Federalist to the United States the first Secretary of the Navy, May 3, 1798, and Senate, and served from March 4. 1791. to June 6. was confirmed by the Senate, but declined the 1796, when he resigned; member of the Executive orice. He was born in Salem, Mass., Dec. 16, 1751; Council of Massachusetts in 1808: delerate to the attended Harvard College: member of the State Hartford Convention of 1814, and served as its provincial congress in 1775: delegate to the State presiding officer. constitutional convention in 1777 and to the con- He died in Boston, April 18. 1823. He was the vention which ratified the Constitution of the grandfather of the late Henry Cabot Lodge, # United States in 1787.

| Senator from Massachusetts.

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Secretaries of the Treasury

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The Second Continental Congress on July 29, 1775, appointed Michael Hillegas and George Clymer, Esqs., as "joint treasurers of the United Colonies." Francis Hopkinson was elected Treasurer of Loans July 27, 1778. Robert Morris was appointed Superintendent of Finances by the Seventh Continental Congress on Feb. 20, 1781. The Treasury Department was organized by Act of Congress on Sept. 2, 1789, and President Washington commissioned Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury on Sept. 11. | Resi-! Ap- 1

Resi-1 ApPresidents Cabinet Officers denc's pointed Presidents Cabinet Officers denc's pointed Washington.. Alexander Hamilton.

1789 Lincoln... Hugh McCulloch.... Ind... 1865 Oliver Wolcott Jr.... 1795 Johnson..

1865 J. Adams.... 1797 Grant.. George S. Boutwell. . . Mass.

1869 Samuel Dexter .....

1801
Wm. A. Richardson..

1873 Jefferson.....

1801

Benjamin H. Bristow. Ky.. 1874
Albert Gallatin......

1801
Lot M. Morrill......

1876 Madison..

1809 Hayes.

John Sherman....... Ohio. 1877 George W. Campbell,

1814

Garfield.... William Windom... Minn. 1881
Alexander J. Dallas. .

1814
Arthur.....

1881 William H. Crawford.

Ga
1816
Charles J. Folger....

1881 Monroe.....

1817
Walter Q. Gresham... Ind...

1884 J. Q. Adams.. (Richard Rush.....

1825
Hugh McCulloch...

1884 Jackson..... Samuel D. Ingham.. 1829 Cleveland.... Daniel Manning.....1

1885 Louis McLane..... Del. 1831

Charles S. Fairchild.

1887 William J. Duane... Pa.... 1833 B. Harrison..

Willam Windom... Mina 1889 Roger B, Taney. Md... 1833

| Charles Foster .... Ohio. 1891 Levi Woodbury...

1834 Cleveland... John G. Carlisle.. Ky. 1893 Van Buren... 1837 ||McKinley ... Lyman J. Gage......

1897 W.H. Harrison Thomas Ewing...... Ohio 1841 T. Roosevelt.

1901 1841 Leslie M. Shaw.....

1902 Walter Forward

1841
George B. Cortelyou.

1907 John C. Spencer.

1843
Taft..
Franklin MacVeagh..

1909 George M. Bibb...

1844
Wilson

Wuliam G, McAdoo.. N. 1913
Polk
Robert J. Walker .. Miss, 1845

Carter Glass ........

1919 Taylor.. William M. Meredith. Pa.. 1849

David F. Houston....

1920 Fuimore. Thomas Corwin... Ohio. 1850 Harding Andrew W. Mellon...

1921 Plerce James Guthrie..... 1853 | Coolidge..

1923 Buchanan Howell Cobb.....

Ga....
1857 ||Hoover......

1929 Philip F. Thomas.... Md... 1860

Ogden L. Mills,

1932 John A. Dix....... N. Y.. 1861 ||F.D. Roosevelt William H. Woodin. I

1933 Salmon P. Chase, .... Ohio. 1861 Lincoln

Henry Morgenthau, Jr. " 1934 Wulam P. Fessenden. Me... 1864

N.

H.

Ill...

Tyler .......

Ky..

Va.

Ky....

Secretaries of War

Va....

1881

The Second Continental Congress set up in June, 1776, a Board of War and Ordnance consisting of five members: John Adams, Roger Sherman, Benjamin Harrison, James Wilson and Edward Rutledge. Richard Peters was elected Secretary on June 12. This Board several times changed, continued until Oct. 30. 1781, when Congress appointed Benjamin Lincoln Secretary of War, a position created by Act of Congress the previous February. The Eleventh Continental Congress on March 8, 1785, appointed Gen Henry Knox to succeed him with the added duties of the Navy. The War (and Navy) Department was created by Act of Congress Aug. 7, 1789, and Gen. Henry Knox was commissioned Secretary of War under that Act Sept. 12, 1789. Washington. . Henry Knox.. ..Mass.. 1789 1.Johnson... Jonn M. Schofield....

1868 Timothy Pickering...

1795 Grant.
John A. Rawlins.....

1869 .. James McHenry.....

1796

William T. Sherman.. JOhio. 1869 J. Adams....

1797

William W. Belknap.. la.... 1869 Samuel Dexter ..... ass.. 1800

Alphonso Taft....... JOhio. 1876 Jefferson..... Henry Dearborn...

1801
James Don. Cameron. Pa.

1876 Madison..... William Eustis.....

1809
Hayes.......

George W. McCarry.. la..... 1877
John Armstrong ..... N. Y.

1813

Alexander Ramsey... Mina. 1879 James Monroe.....

1814 Garfield ..... Robert T. Lincoln.... Ill. William H. Crawford Ga.. 1815 Arthur ....

1881 Monroe..... Geo. Graham (ad. In).Va.. 1817 Cleveland. William C. Endicott.. Mass. 1885

John C. Calhoun.....S.C... 1817 B. Harrison.. Redfeld Proctor... Vt.. 1889 J. Q. Adams. . James Barbour...

1825
Stephen B. Elkins...

1891
Peter B. Porter..... N. Y. 1828 Cleveland.... Daniel S. Lamont....N. Y.. 1893
Jackson ... John H. Eaton..
Tenn. 1829 McKinley... Russel A, Alger, ..

Mic

1897 Lewis Cass...... Obio.. 1831

Elihu Root ....... N. Y., 1899 N. Y.. 1837 | T. Roosevelt

1901 Van Buren... Joel R. Poinsett.. S.C... 1837

William H. Taft.... JOhio. 1904 W. H.Harrison John Bell...........

1841
.Luke E. Wright..... Tenn.

1908 John C. Spencer ... N. Y. 1841 | Taft........ Jacob M. Dickinson..

1909 James M. Porter.... Pa.... 1843

Henry L. Stimson... N. Y... 1911
William Wilkins.....

1844
Wilson......
Lindley M Garrison. N

1913 William L. Marcy.... N. Y.. 1845

Newton D. Baker.... Ohio..

1916 Taylor.. George W. Crawford. Ga.... 1849

Harding.....
John W. Weeks...... Mass..

1921 Fillmore..... Charles M. Conrad... La....! 1850 Coolldge.....

1923 Pierce ..... Jefferson Davis...... Miss.. 1853

Dwight F. Davis..... Mo...
Buchanan John B. Floyd......

Va.
1857

James W. Good...... Towa. 1929
Joseph Holt......... Ky.. 1861

Patrick J. Hurley.... Okla.. 1929 Lincoln...... Simon Cameron, ...

1861 F.D.Roosevelt George H. Dern..... Utah. 1933 Edwin M. Stanton...

"Ohio.
1862

Harry H. Woodring Kan.. 1936 Johnson.....

1865

Henry L. Stimson....N. Y. 1940 :.U.S. Grant (ad. in.).. 111. 1867

..... Benjamin F Butjen

Teon.

Tyler .......

Polk .......

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Secretaries of Agriculture

The Department of Agriculture was created by Act of Congress, May 15, 1862. On Feb. 8. 1889. Its Commissioner was renamed secretary of agriculture and became a member of the Cabinet.

The Secretary of Agriculture is charged with the work of promoting agriculture in its broadest sense. He exercises general supervision and control over the affairs of the department and formulates and establishes the general policies to be pursued by its various branches. Cleveland.... Norman J. Colman... Mo... 1889 Wilson ...... Edw. T. Meredith....

1920 B. Harrison.. Jeremiah M. Rusk...W 1889 Harding..... Henry C. Wallace...."

1921 Cleveland....J. Sterling Morton... Ne 1893 | Coolidge..... Howard M. Gore....W.Va. 1924 McKinley... James Wilson.....

1897
W. M. Jardine.......

1925 T. Roosevelt 1901 Hoover..... Arthur M. Hyde.....Mo...

1929 Taft.....

1909 /F.D. Roosevelt Henry A Wallace ... Iowa.. 1933 Wilson ::..: David F. Houston... Mo.... 1913 U

Claude R. Wickard ..Ind... 1940

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Postmasters-General

Cleveland..:

W. H.. Har

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Benjamin Franklin had been Deputy Postmaster in America, (1737). and Postmaster General for the Colonies (1753) under the King until summarily dismissed by him Jan. 30, 1774. The Second Continental Congress created the Post Office Department with headquarters in Philadelphia and on July 26, 1776, elected Benjamin Franklin Postmaster-General for one year. On his sailing later for France as one of the Ambassadors, Richard Bache succeeded him on Nov. 7, 1776. Ebenezer Hazard was appointed Postmaster-General Jan. 28, 1782. Congress temporarily established the Post Office Department as & branch of the Treasury, on Sept. 22, 1789. and Washington commissioned Samuel Osgood PostmasterGeneral on Sept. 26. The Postmaster-General was made a member of the Cabinet March 9, 1829. | Date

Da te Presidents Cabinet Officers Resi- Ape Presidents Cabinet Officers Resi

Resi-1 Apde'ces pointed

de'ces pointed Washington .... Samuel Osgood.... Mass.. 1789

Grant........

James W. Marshall Va.... 1874 Timothy Pickering

1791

Marshall Jewell... Ct.... 1874 Joseph Habersham

1795

James N. Tyner... Ind... 1876 J. Adams...

1797
Hayes.........

David McK. Key Tenn. 1877 Jefferson. .....

1801
Horace Maynard.

1880 Gideon Granger... Ct.... 1801 Garfield.: Thomas L. James N. Y.. 1881 Madison ..... 1809 Arthur........

1881 Return J. Melgs jr Ohio. 1814

Timothy O. Howe Wis... 1881 Monroe

1817

WalterQ.Gresham. Ind.. 1883 John McLean..... ...

1823

Frank Hatton.....la..... 1884 J. Q. Adams ..

1825

William F. Vilas... Wis... 1885 Jackson .... William T. Barry.. Ky....

1829 .

Don M. Dickinson. Mich. 1888 Amos Kendall...

1835 B. Harrison.: John Wanamaker. (Pa.... 1889 Van Buren....

1837

Cleveland...... Wilson S. Bissel.IN. Y.. 1893 John M. Niles. Ct.... 1840

William L. Wilson.W.Va. 1895
Francis Granger...

1841
McKinley......

James A. Gary.... Md... 1897 Tyler ......

1841
Chas. EmorySmith. P

1898
Charles A. Wicklife Ky... 1841
T. Roosevelt

1898 Polk.... Cave Johnson..... Tenn. 1845

1901 Taylor. Jacob Collamer..

1949

Henry C. Payne... Wis... 1902 Fillmore Nathan K. Hall... N. Y.. 1850

Robert J. Wynne. Pa... 1904 SamuelD. Hubbard Ct.... 1852

GeorgeB.Cortelyou N. Y. 1905 Pierce.. James Campbell... Pa....

1853

George vonL.Meyer Mass. 1907 Buchanan Aaron V. Brown... Tena. 1857 Taft

F. H. Hitchcock... ** 1909 Joseph Holt...... Ky.... 1859 Wilson,

Albert S. Burleson. Tex... 1913 Horatio King.....

Me....

1861
Harding

WUl H. Hays..... Ind... 1921 Lincoln... Montgomery Blair. Md... 1861

Hubert Work....

1922 William Dennison. Ohio.. 1864

Harry S. New.....Ind... 1923 Johnson 1865 Coolidge..

1923 Alex. W. Randall.. Wis.

1866 Hoover......

Walter F. Brown..JOhio..1929 Grant.:.:. John A. J. Creswell Md... 1869 F. D. Roosevelt.. James A. Farley... N. Y. 1933

Frank C. Walker Pa.... 1940

Attorneys-General The office of Attorney-General was organized by Act of Congress Sept. 24, 1789. Washington appointed Edmund Randolph of Virginia, to the post. The Attorney-General was made a member of the Cabinet in 1814. Washington..... Edmund Randolph Va... 1789 1 Johnson........ Henry Stanbery.. Ohio..] 1866 William Bradford. I

1794

Wiliam M, Evarts N. Y.. 1868
Charles Lee.....

1795
Ebenezer R. Hoar Mass..

1869 J. Adams..

1797

Amos T. Akerman Ga.... 1870 Jefferson Levi Lincoln..... Ma 1801

George H. Williams Ore... 1871 John Breckenridge Ky... 1805

Edwards Pierrepont N. Y..

1875 Cæsar A. Rodney. Del...

1807

Alphonso Taft...ohlo.. 1876 Madison........

1809
|| Hayes...

Charles Devens. . Mass..! 1877
William Pinkney.. Md... 1811 Garfield..

Wayne MacVeagh. Pa

1881 Richard Rush....Pa.. 1814 Arthur..

1881 Monroe.........

1817
Benj. A. Brewster) *

1881 William Wirt....V

1817
Cleveland...... August H. Garland Ark...

1885 J. Q. Adams

1825 I B. Harrison Wm. H. H. Miller Ind... 1889 Jackson.... John McP. Berrien

1829
Cleveland.......

Richard Olney... Mass.. 1893
Roger B. Taney..

1831

Judson Harmon..Ohio,. 1895 Benjamin F. Butler N 1833 McKinley....... Joseph McKenna. Cal...

1897 Van Buren...

1837

John W. Griggs. N.J.. 1898 Felix Grundy.... Te

1838

Philander C. Knox Pa....) 1901 Henry D. Glipin. Pa... 1840 T. Roosevelt .::

1901 W. H. Harrison.. John J. Crittenden Ky.. 1841

William H. Moody Mass.. 1904 Tyler..

1841

Chas. J. Bonaparte Md... 1906
Hugh 8. Legare..

1841
Taft
Geo. E.Wickersham N.Y..

1909 John Nelson.....M

1843 Wilson...

J. C. McReynolds Tenn. 1913 John Y. Mason... Va... 1845

Thomas E. Gregory Tex... 1914 Nathan Clifford. Me.. 1846

A. M. Palmer.... Penn. 1919 Isaac Toucey.... Ct.. 1848

Harding........

H. M. Daugherty Ohio.. 1921 Taylor....... Reverdy Johnson. M 1849 Coolidge

1923 Fillmore.. John J. Crittenden Ky... 1850

Harlan F. Stone. . N. Y.. 1924 Plerce.. Caleb Cushing... Mass. 1853

John G. Sargent. Vt.... 1925 Buchanan. Jeremiah 8. Black Pa. 1857 Hoover..

Wm. D. Mitchell. Minn. 1929 Edwin M. Stanton

1860 IIF. D. Roosevelt.. Homers.Cummings Ct.... 1933 Lincoln.... Edward Bates... Mo 1861

Frank Murphy.... Mich.. 1939 James Speed.....

1864

Robt. H. Jackson ..NY. 1940 Johnson,..

1865

Francis Biddle..... Pa.... 1941 Secretaries of Commerce and Labor The Department of Commerce and Labor was created by Act of Congress Feb. 14, 1903, and its Secretary made a membe: of the Cabinet. This Department was divided by Act of Congress in 1913 into the Department of Commerce and the Department of Labor, and the Secretary of each was made a Cabinet member. T. Roosevelt...Geo. B. Cortelyou/N. Y..I 1903 1 T. Roosevelt...) Oscar S. Straus... N. Y. 1906 T. Roosevelt... Victor H. Metcall. Cal...! 1904 || Taft........... Charles Nagel, ... Mo.... 1909 Secretaries of Commerce

Secretaries of Labor
Wilson.

William C. Redfield N. Y.. 1913 Wilson....... William B. Wilson. Pa.... 1913
Josh. W. Alexander Mo.... 1919 Harding ..

James J. Davis...

1921 Harding.. Herbert C. Hoover Cal... 1921 Coolidge....

1923 Coolidge.......

1923
Hoover........1

1929 William F. Whiting Mass.. 1928

William N. Doak.. Vo

1930 Hoover........ Robert P. Lamont. n. ... 1929 |F. D. Roosevelt. Frances Perkins. N. Y. 1933

Roy D. Chapin... Mich 1932
F. D. Roosevelt Daniel C Roper : s.c... 1933

Harry L. Hopkins. Towa.. 1939
Jesse Jones....... Teras. I 1940 !

|| Grant.........

Polk.....

Secretaries of the Interior

Wis.

The Department of the Ihterior was created by Act of Congress March 3, 1849, and its secretary made a member of the Cabinet. It is charged with the supervision of public business relating to the General Land Office, Bureau of Reclamation. Geological Survey, Office of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Pensions, Bureau of Education, National Park Service, and certain hospitals and eleemosynary Ir.stitutions in the Dist. of Columbia. Resi-1 Ap

Resi. ApPresidents Cabinet Officers den ces polated Presidents Cabinet Officers Idences pointed Taylor....... . Thomas Ewing...Ohio.. 1849 Cleveland, ..... William F. Vilas. .

1888 Fillmore.. .T.M.T.McKennan Pa.... 1850 B. Harrison ....John W. Noble... (Mo... 1889 Alex. H. H. Stuart Va.... 1850 Cleveland...... Hoke Smith.....

Ga....

1893 Plerce...... Robert McClelland Mich. 1853

... David R. Francis Mo.. 1896 Buchanan. Jacob Thompson, Miss.. 1857 McKinley...... Cornelius N. Blies. N, Y.

1897 Lincoln. Caleb B. Smith... Ind... 1861

Ethan A. Hitchcock Mo.. 1898 John P. Usher.... 1863 T. Roosevelt.:

1901 Johnson

1865
. James R. Garfield. Ohio..

1907 James Harlan....lowa..

1865 Taft. ........ Rich. A. Ballinger Wash, 1909 Orv. H. Browning

1866
Walter L. Fisher.. Ill....

1911 Grant. Jacob D. Cox.... 0

1869

Franklin K. Lane. Cal... 1913
Columbus Delano.!

1870
John B. Payne... V

1920 Zachariah Chandler Mich. 1875

Harding.......
Albert B. Fall..., N.

1921 Hayes... Carl Schurz......Mo.... 1877

... Hubert Work..

1923 Garfield. Sam. J. Kirkwood Iowa.. 1881 Coolidge.......

Col. 1923 Arthur

" .. 1881
... Roy O. West

1928 Henry M. Teller..col.. 1882 || Hoover......., Ray Lyman Wilbur Cal... 1929 (leveland..

Lucius Q. C. Lamar Miss. . 1885 F. D. Roosevelt, Harold L. Ickes.. il... 1933

Wilson

.

Vice-Presidents of the United States

83

1925) 1933

Resi- Qual. Poli-
Name

Birthplace Yr. dence ified tics Place of Death 1 John Adams.... Quincy, Mass.... 1735 Mass..) 1789 Fed... Quincy, Mags..... 1826 90 2 Thomas Jefferson... Shadwell, Va.... 11743 Va 1797 Rep... Monticello, Va.. 1826 3 Aaron Burr ..., Newark, N. J.... 1756 N. Y.. 1801 Rep... Staten Island, N. Y 1836 80 4 George Clinton..... Ulster Co., N. Y.. 1739

1805 Rep... Washington, D.C...1812 5 Elbridge Gerry.....Marblehead, Mags 1744 Mass..

1813 Rep...

1814 6 Daniel D. Tompkins. Sonradale, N. Y.. 1774 N. Y.. 1817 Rep... Staten Island, N. Y. 1825 7 John C. Calhoun....Abbeville, 8. C...

1782 S.C...
1825 Rep... Washington, D. C...

1850 8 Martin Van Buren.. Kinderhook, N. Y 1782 N. Y.. 1833 Dem.. Kinderhook, N. Y.. 18621 9 Richard M. Johnson, Louisville, Ky.... 1780 Ky.... 1837 Dem. Frankfort, Ky..... 1850 10 John Tyler......... Greenway, Va.... 1790 Va.... 1841 Dem. Richmond, Va.... 1862 11 George M, Dallas... Philadelphia, Pa.... 1792 Pa.... 1845 Dem.. Philadelphia, Pa. 1864 72 12 Millard Fillmore.... Summerhill, N. Y 1800 N. Y.. 1849 Whig.. Buffalo, N. Y.... 18741 13 William R. King ....Sampson Co., N. 1786 Ala... 1853 Dem.. Dallas Co., Ala.. 18531 14 John C. Breckinridge Lexington, Ky.. 1821 Ky.... 1857 Dem.. Lexington, Ky.... 1875) 15 Hannibal Hamlin... Paris, Me.....

1809 Me.... 1861 Rep... Bangor, Me.... 1891) 16 Andrew Johnson, ... Raleigh, N C ..

1808 Tenn. 1865 Rep... Carter Co., Tenn... 1875 17 Schuyler Colfax..... New York City

1823 Ind... 1869 Rep... Mankato, Minn..... 1885 18 Henry Wilson...... Farmington, NH

1812 Mass.. 1873 Rep... Washington, D. C. 1875 19 Willam A. Wheeler..Malone, N. Y... 1819 N. Y.. 1877 Rep... Malone, N. Y... 1887 20 Chester A. Arthur... Fairfield, Vt...

18301

1881 Rep... New York City.N.Y.. 1886) 21 Thos. A. Hendricks.. Muskingum Co., Ohio.

0.11819 Ind.. 1885 (Dem. Indianapolis, Ind... 1885 22 Levi P. Morton..... Shoreham, Vt...

. .

1824 N. Y.. 1889 Rep... Rhinebeck, N. Y. 1920 23 Adlal E. Stevenson.. Christian Co., Ky.. 1835 III.... 1893 Dem.. Chicago, Ill..... 19141 24 Garrett A. Hobart.. Long Branch, N. J.. 1844 N. J... 1897 Rep... Paterson, N. J... 1899 25 Theodore Roosevelt, New York City, N. 1858 N. Y.. 1901 Rep... Oyster Bay, NY 19191 26 Chas. W. Fairbanks. Unionville Centre, Oh lo 1852 Ind... 1905 Rep... Indianapolis, Ind.. 1918 27 James S. Sherman... Utica, N. Y..... 1855 N. Y.. 1909 Rep... Utica, N. Y........ 1912 57 28 Thos, R. Marshall... No. Manchester, Ind../1854 Ind.. 1913 Dem.. Washington, DC.. 29 Calvin Coolidge..... Plymouth, Vt.... 11872 Mass.. 1921 Rep... Northampton, Mass. 30 Charles G. Dawes... Marietta, Ohio... 1865 .... 1925 Rep..... 31 Charles Curtis....... Topeka, Kan.... 1860 Kan. :| 1929 Rep... Washington, D. C.::|i936 32 John Nance Garner.. Red River Co.,

1869 Tex... 1933 Dem.. 33 Henry Agard Wallace Adair County, Ia.,. .1888 Iowa, / 1941 Dem..

Speakers of the House of Representatives Name State Time 11 Name State Time Name Statel Time F.A.Muhlenburg Pa... 1789-1791||James K. Polk... Ter... 1835-1839| Joseph W. Keller.o. .../1881-1883 J. Trumbull.... JCt.. 1791-1793 R. M. T. Hunter. Va... (1839-1841||John G. Carllele.. Ky.../1883-1889 F.A.Muhlenburg Pa... (1793-1795 John White..... Ky...11841-1843||Thomas B. Reed.Me... 1889-1891 Jonathan Dayton N. J 1795-1799 John W. Jones...Va...1843-1845|Charles F. Crisp. Ga.../1891-1895 Theo. Sedgwick. Mas. 1799-1801||John W. Davis...ir d. 1845-1847 | Thomas B. Reed. Me... 1895-1899 Nathaniel Macon N. C. 1801-18071/R. C. Winthrop JMaST18i

R. C. Winthrop.. Mas. 1847-1849|D. B. Henderson. Ia,...1899-1903

oll Joseph B. Varnum Mas. 1807-1811Howell Cobb.... Ga... 1849-1851 Joseph G.Cannon 111...1903-1910 Henry Clay .... K y... 1811-1814|Linn Boyd...... . 1851-1855|Champ Clark.... Mo. 1911-1919 Langdon Cheves. S. C. 1814-1815 N. P. Banks.....1 as. 1856-1857Fred'k H. Gillett. Mas. 1919-1925 Henry Clay..... Ky... 1815

James L. Orr.... C. 1867-1859 Nich. Longworth 0.... 1925-1931 John W. Taylor. N. Y. 1820-1821 Wm. Pennington. N. J. 1860-1861 John N. Garner..Tex.. 1931-1933 Philip P. Barbour V 11821-1823|| Galusha A. Grow Pa... |1861-1863|| Henry T. Rainey. 111...11933-1934 Henry Clay ....Ky...(1823-1825 Schuyler Colfax.. Ind..(1863-1869||Joseph W, Byrns. Tea. (1935-1936 John W. Taylor.IN. Y./1825-1827)|James G. Blaine.. Me.. 11869-1875|| Wm. B. Bankhead Ala. 1936-1940 And. Stephenson. Va... 1827-1834 Michael C. Kerr. Ind. . 1875-1876Sam Rayburn.... Tex. . 1941..... John Bell....... Ten..l 1834-1835|| Samuel J. Randall Pa...11876-1881

The Oath of a President The Constitution directs that the President shall | In place of "protect," W, H. Taft, when he took take the following oath or affirmation: "I do the oath, used the word "maintain." solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully

Oath of U. S. Supreme Court Justice
Ottho

" execute the office of President of the United States, I do solemnly swear that I will administer Justice and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, pro

without respect to persons, and do equal right to tect, and defend the Constitution of the United

the poor and to the rich; and that I will faithfully States."

discharge all the duties incumbent on me as Judge. George Washington, as President, took the fol

according to the best of my abilities and underlowing oath: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support the Constitution of the United standing, agreeably to the Constitution and lawa States.

of the United States.

.........1

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Ky.

Dem..

66

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25.

Dem...
Rep..

151

Dem..

56

51

Wis John Johnson LinCOPILIATIO

Brief Biographies of the Presidents
Source: Government and Family Records
N'tive.

Age ati Date of Age at
No.
Name
Politics | State Born Inau.

Death Death 1. George Washington.... Fed........

Va. 1732, Feb. 22 1789

1799, Dec. 67 2. John Adams.........

Fed........
..Mass. 1735, Oct. 30 1797

1826, July
3.. Thomas Jefferson..
Rep. Dem.. Va. 1743, April 13 1801

1826, July

83 4. James Madison.......... Rep. Dem..Va. 1751, March 161 1809

1836, June 5. . James Monroe.....

Rep. Dem..
1758, April 28 1817

1831, July 6. John Quincy Adams. Rep. Dem.. Mass. 1767, July 11) 1825

1848, Feb. 7. Andrew Jackson....

Dem.....
1767, March 15) 1829

1845, June 8. . Martin Van Buren...... Dem.

Y. 1782, Dec. 5 1837

1862, July 9.. wmam Henry Harrison.

Whig.....

1773, Feb. 9 1841 68 1841, April 10. .John Tyler......

Dem...
n. 1790, March 29 1841

1862, Jan. 11. . James Knox Polk..... Dem...

C. 1795, Nov. 2 1845 49 1849, June 12..Zachary Taylor.....

Whig.
1784, Nov. 1849

1850, July 13..MAllard Fillmore...

Whig...
1800, Jan 1850

1874, March 8 14. Franklin Pierce.....

Dem...
1804, Nov. 1853

1869, Oct. 15. James Buchanan...

Dem..

1791, April 1857 65 1868, June 16. Abraham Lincoln....

Rep...
1809, Feb. 1861

1865, April 17. Andrew Johnson.....

N.C. 1808, Dec. 1865

1875, July 31 18. Ulysses Simpson Grant... Rep.

Ohio 1822, April 1869

1885, July 23 19. Rutherford Birchard Hayee Rep... Ohio 1822, Oct. 1877

1893, Jan. 17 James Abram Garfield.... Rep...

Ohio 1831, Nov. 1881

1881, Sept. 19 1.. Chester Alan Arthur...... Rep... Vt. 1830, Oct. 1881

1886, Nov. 18 22.. Grover Cleveland...... Dem... N, J. 1837, March 18 1885

1908, June 24 23.. Benjamin Harrison......

Rep....
Ohio 1833, Aug. 20 1889

1901, March 13 24..Grover Cleveland.....

N.J. 1837, March 181 1893

1908, June 24 WIUlam McKinley..

Ohio 1843, Jan. 29 1897

1901, Sept. 26.. Theodore Roosevelt.. Rep....

N. Y. 11858, Oct. 1901

1919, Jan. 27. William Howard Talt... Rep...

Ohio 11857. Sept. 1909

1930, March 8 28. Woodrow Wilson.

Va. 1856, Dec.

1913

1924. Feb. 29. Warren Gamaliel Harding. Rep.

Ohio 1865, Nov. 1921 55 11923, Aug. 30. Calvin Coolidge...... Rep.....

Vt.
1872, July

1923

1933, Ja 31. Herbert Clark Hoover..... Rep... Iowa 1874. Aug.

0 1929

54 32.. Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Dem..... N. Y. 1882, Jan. 301 1933

Franklin Delano Roosevelt is the first person in the history of the United States to win or accept Congregationalist-Coolidge. more than two terms of the Presidency. He was Disciples-Garfield. inaugurated (Jan. 20, 1941) for his third term.

Jefferson and Lincoln did not claim membership Cleveland's baptismal name was Stephen Grover; in any denomination. Hayes attended the Wilson's was Thomas Woodrow; that of Coolidge Methodist Church, but never joined.

Freemasons - Washington, Monroe, Jackson, Andrew Johnson was a pro-Union Dem., who | Polk, Buchanan, Johnson, Garfield. McKinley. was nominated with Lincoln on a National-Union both Roosevelts, Taft, Harding. ticket. BELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONS

ANCESTRY Friends (Quakers)-Hoover.

Swiss-Hoover. Episcopalians-Washington, Madison, Monroe,

English-Washington, J. Adams, Madison, J. Q. Gen w. H. Harrison, Tyler, Taylor, Pierce, Arthur, l Adams. W. H. Harrison, Tyler, Taylor, Fillmore. and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Pierce, Lincoln, Johnson, Grant, Garfield, Cleve. Presbyterians Jackson, Buchanan, Cleveland, I land. B. Harrison, Taft, Harding, Coolidge. Benj. Harrison, Wilson.

Welsh-Jefferson (a family tradition). Methodists- Polk, Johnson, Grant, McKinley.

Scottish-Monroe, Hayes. Scotch-Irish-Jackson, Unitarian-John Adams, J. Q. Adams, Fillmore. Taft.

Polk. Buchanan, Arthur, McKinley, Wilson. Reformed Dutch-Van Buren, T. Roosevelt. 1 Dutch-Van Buren, both the Roosevelts.

The Wives of the Presidents

Source: Government and Family Records
President
Wife's Name

Nativity Born Mar'ed | Died | Sons Dau'ers
Washington..
Martha (Dandridge) Custis.....

1731 1759

1802 J. Adams... Abigail Smith..

1744 1764 1818 Jefferson.. Martha (Wayles) Skelton.

1748 1772 1782 Madison..... Dorothy ("Dolly") (Payne) Toda

1772 1794 1849 Monroe... Eliza Kortright..

1768 1786 1830 J. Q. Adams. Louisa Catherine Johnson. Md.

1775 1797 1852 Jackson ...... Rachel (Donelson) Robards.

1767 1791 1828 Van Buren... Hannah Hoes....

Y.... 1783 1807 1819 W. H. Harrison Anna Symmes.......

1775 1795 1864 Tyler... Letitia Christian.

1790 1813

1842 Julla Gardiner ...

. Y.. 1820 1844 1889 Polk. Sarah Childress..

1803 1824 1891 Taylor.. Margaret Smith...

1788 1810 1852 Fillmore. Abigail Powers....

1798 1826 1853
Caroline (Carmichael) A

J. 1813 1858 1881
Pierce.....
Jane Means Appleton..

1806 1834 1863 Buchanan

(Unmarried).... Lincoln.. Mary Todd.

1842 1882
Johnson...
Eliza McCardle.

Tenn 1810 1827 1876
Grant...
Julia Dent...

Mo.

1826 1848 1902
Hayes..
Lucy Ware Webb...

Ohio. 1831 1852 1889
Garfield.
Lucretia Rudolph

Ohio. 1833 1858

1918 Arthur. Ellen Lewis Herndon..

Va....

1837 1859 1880 Cleveland Frances Folsom.....

1864 1886 B. Harrison. Caroline Lavinia Scott.

Ohio 1832

1853

*1892 Mary Scott (Lord) Dimmie

1858

1898
MeKinley.
Ida Saxton ..........

Ohio 1847 1871 1902
T. Roosevelt
Alice Hathaway Lee...

Mass.

1861 1880 1884
Edith Kermit Carow...

N. Y.. 1861 1886
Taft.....
Helen Herron.......

Ohio. 1861

1886 Wilson... Ellen Louise Axson ...,

1860 1885 Edith (Bolling) Galt

Va... 1872 1915 Harding.

...Florence (Kling)'De Wolfe. Ohio. 1860 1891 Coolidge.. Grace Anna Goodhue. . . .

1879 1905 Hoover.............. Lou Henry..

Iowa.... 1875 1899 F.D. Roosevelt. Anna Eleanor Roosevelt ......

1884 1905 Although born in London, her father was an American, and his family were Marylanders.

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