網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

CHIEF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN THE UNITED STATES, IN 1939—(Continued)

Value of products

Industry

No.

Wage earners Cost of mater., etc. estab

lish Ave. no. Rank Dollars Rank ments

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

Industries reporting 10,000 to

25,000 wage earners total.. Nonferrous metal products N E. C. Flour, other graln-mill products. Enameled-iron sanitary ware. Cars and car equipment. Millinery Coats, sults, skirts (exo. tur) Cernent. Logging camps (not sawmills) Drugs and medicines (incl. grinding) Paints, varnishes, lacquers.. Wood products N. E. C.. Wire drawn from purchased rods. Industrial machinery N. E. C. Textile machinery. Steam fittings .. Converted paper prod. N EC Coats, sults, skirts (exc. fur) Nonalcoholic beverages Oven coke and coke-oven byprod. Periodicals: publishing. printing Women's, children's, Intants' underwear of silk and rayon Lighting fixtures. Electrical appliances Trousers (semi-dress). wash sults.

washable apparel. Blast furnace products Pumping equip. and air compress. Power boilers and assoc. prod Boot, shoe cut stock and findings. Corsets and allied garments. Sheet-metal wk. Dot specil. classifed Fertilizers... Monuments, tombstones N. E. C.. Knitted outerwear (exc. gloves) Mattresses and bedsprings. Malleable-iron castings. Creamery butter. Clocks, watches, and parts (exc.

watchcases) Automotive electrical equipment.. Concrete products Photographic apparat. and materials

(exc. lenses) Construction and similar machinery

(exc mining, oil field, and tools). Aluminum products (incl. roll. and

draw). NEC Signs, advertising novelties Screw-machine prod., wood screws. Flat glass... Books: printing without publish Cast iron pipe and fittings Ice, manufactured Metal work mach, equip N, E. C. Curtains, draperies, bedspreads Canned fish, mollusks. Ice cream and Icey ... Insulated wire and cable Games, toys (exc. dolls and vehicles) Prepared feeds (incl. mineral) for

animals..... Cutlery (exc. aluminum silver, and plated cutlery) edge tools Forgings, Iron and steel.. Tools (exc. edge, mach, files, saws) Cottonseed oil, cake, meal, linters. Fabricated plastic prod. N E. C.. Batteries, storage, primary.. Rubber boots and shoes.. Internal-combustion engines. Wiring devices and supplies. Poultry dressing and packing Bolts, nuts, washers, rivets not made

in rolling mills Cane sugar refining Women's pocketb'ks, handb., purses Food products machinery Partitions, shelving and fixtures Sporting, athletle goods N. E. C.. Soap and glycerin Miscell, fabric. products N. E C... Work shirts.... Men's, boys' shirts, collars, nightwear Cotton narrow fabrics. Cotton thread Food preparations Fur coats and garments Oil field machinery, tools Caskets. comins Silk throwing and spinning Clay refractories, incl. cernent.

[blocks in formation]

CHIEF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN THE UNITED STATES, IN 1939— (Continued)

No. Wage earners Cost of mater., etc. Value of products

estab Industry

lish Ave. no. Rank Dollars Rank Dollars Rank

ments Silverware and plated ware

150 12.105 155 24,787.356 205 62,771,158 177 Cordage and twine.

116 12.096 156 27,711,385) 182 56,685,817 188 Textile bags, not made text. mills.

216 11.991 157 93,807,210 70 121,702,151 108 Omce furniture

152 11.776 158 22.569,905 217 54,750,091 196 Whiteware.

31 11,728 159

8,157,025 319 27,800,677 278 Sausages, other meat prod., not made packing estab.

1,067 11,443 160 165.045,149 37 208,048,345 59 Jewelry (precious metals)

886

11,358 161 34,596,938) 154 71,418,667) 159 Women's, children's, infants' underwear of cotton and flannelette.

174 11,349) 162 21,944,368 220 37.184,478 244 Wood preserving

218 11,242 163 77,477,264 82 106,295,341 121 Paper bags, exc. made in paper mills 119 11,081 164 53,964,442 115 85,775,374 142 Buttons

316 10,972 165 12,473.349 283 29,817,188 272 House dresses, uniforms, aprons

255 10,961 166

489,639 432

9,251.940 383 Knitted cloth.

229 10,917 167 44,003,393 132 68,662,722 169 Vitreous enameled products

55 10,809 168

20,348,180 226 44,239,055 222 Costume Jewelry and novelties.

289 10.808 169 13,829,607 266 33.921,990 256 Children's, infants, dresses made in Inside fact., Jobbers engaging cont. 182 10,646 170 24,834,866 204 46.742,013 215 Housefurnishings (exc. curt., drap., and bedspreads).

472 10,623 171 43.972.843 133 67.521.325 171 Beet sugar..

10,410 172 84.951,372 74 134,396,017 98 Needles, pins, hooks, eyes.

58 10.403 173 13,484,971) 273 38,155,126 241 Special Industry machinery N. E. C. 207 10,388 174

19,836.348 228 55,785,016 191 Perfumes, cosmetics, tollet prep.. 539 10.363 175 58.509.926 107 147.465,585 85 Ophthalmic goods....

10.252 176 14,209,313 261

44,954,653 220 Mirrors and glass products.

557 10,012 177

26,454,765 192 49,886,406 203 All other indust. (report, fewer than 10,000 wage earners), total 39,541 1,076,890

4,260,145, 245

8,227,940,700

85

91

765

SUMMARY BY INDUSTRY GROUPS, 1939, 1937
No. Wage Wages

Cost of

Value of Todustry Group Year estab. earners

in year
material

products All groups, total..... 1939. 184,230 7,886,567 $9,089,940,916 $32,160,106,681 $56,843,024,800

1937 166,794 8,569,231 10,112,882,711 35,539,332,824 60,712,871,737 Food and kindred products. 1939 51,454 824,009 913,981,553 7,021,283,375 10,603,950,671

1937 48,763 890,503 981,409,373 7,924,135,084 11,294,889,859 Tobacco Manufacturers.. 1939

87,525 68,439,717 972,036,787 1,322,189,139 1937

852 92,158 70,291,395 947.628,432 1,272,687,918 Textile-mill products and 1939

6,293 1,075,702 902,171,863 2.088.094,158 3,897,437,872 other fibre manufacturers.. 1937 5,959 1,131,224 967,350,312 2,294,345,428 4,065,525,758 Apparel, finished products 1939 20,365 758,302 660.609.295 1,963,505,060 3,358,255,400

of fabrics and sim. mater. 1937 16,422 699.545 607,061,633 1,908,594,127 3,167,177,238 Lumber and timber basic 1939 11,520 360,613 310,381,443 504,233,270 1,122,057.978 products.....

1937 10,420 387,514 339,786,853 512,474,823 1,146,284,625 Furniture and Anished lum- 1939

8,457 293,820 274,733,251 640,955,985 1,267,724,013 ber products.

1937

7,559 310,449 299,211,859 681,387,389 1,317,650,487 Paper and allied products... 1939 3,2791 264,715 309,856,579 1,149,666,420 2,019,568,217

1937

3,084 266,948 310,136,538 1,213.558,936 2,076,425,001 Printing, publishing and 1939 24,879 324,615 493,643,339 812, 267,409 2,578,494,382 allied industries

1937 22,674 350,956 530.213,843 790.226,793 2,576,818,286 Chemicals and allied

1939

9.203 287,136 356,184,902 1,854,140,407 3,733,657,723 products...

1937 8,610 313,506 377,439.945 1,942,959, 240 3,719,400,783 Products of petroleum

1939

989 105,428 173,710,817 2,278,543,591 2,953,973,409 and coal...

1937

739 113,606 186,002,864 2,418,664,859 3,038, 202,778 Rubber products

1939

595 120,740 161,409,811 496,174,017 902,328.802 1937

478 129,818 171,304,546 514.260,412 883,032,546 Leather and leather

1939 3,508 327,663 294,289,718 805,901,414 1,389,513,718 products..

1937

3,249 328,551 308,026,580 891,229,180 1,475,009,070 Stone, clay and glass

1939

7,024 287,522 329,589,927 528,792,323 1,440, 151,489 products.

1937

6,196

306,212 355,450, 664 538,160,089 1,428,411,398 Iron, steel, their products, 1939 8,993 966,371 1,313,633,202 3,635,910,704 6,591,530,456 except machinery

1937

8,382 1,140,928 1,619,788,388 4,056,338,113 7.445,350,168 Nonferrous metals and

1939
5,600 228,753

299,219,667 1.748,179,675 2,572,854,496 their products.

1937 5.173 255,767 336,348,936 1,934,185,300 2,779,961,323 Electrical machinery.

1939 2.014 256,467 335,819,534 727,436,259 1,727,217,631

1937 1.597 306,003 407,960,508 797,772,309 1,899.905,431 Machinery (except electrical) 1939

9,506 522,975 748, 268, 262 1,285,180.902 3,254,173.950

1937 8,3681 643,521 955,996, 297 1,571,362,357 3,902,986,522 Automobiles and automobile 1939 1,133 398,963 646,405,891 2,725,396.316 4,047,872,729 equipment

1937

1,070 511,333 807,025,824 3,710,918,904 5,292,795,428 Transportation equipment

1939

968

157,096 239,253,940 411.377,100 882,896,840 except automobiles

1937

888 150,885 221,624.253 448,164,456 852,784,534 Miscellaneous Industries 1939

7.699 238,827 258,325, 273 469,167,316 1,162,958,308

1937 6.3111 239,8041 260,452,1001 442,966,5931 1.077,572,584 No data for employees of central administrative offices are included.

The 1939 Census of Manufactures questionnaire, for the first time, called for personnel employed in distribution, construction, etc., separately from the manufacturing employees of the plants,

and therefore, the data

probably are not strictly comparable. It is not known how many of the wage earners and the salaried employees reported for 1937 were engaged in distribution and construction and how many were engaged in manufacturing. Employees of the plants reportd as engaged in distribution and construction activities in 1939 are not included in this preliminary report but will be included in the final report.

Profits or losses cannot be calculated from the census figures because no data are collected for certain expense items, such as interest, rent, depreciation, taxes, insurance, and advertising.

The aggregates for cost of materials and value of products include large but indeterminable amounts of duplication due to the use of the products of some industries as material by others. This duplication occurs, as a rule, between different industries, and is not found to any great extent in individual Industries.

Developed Water Power in the United States

Source: Federal Power Commission; data are as of Jan. 1, 1941

Water
Water

Water

Water
Pits.
Pits.

Wheel
Wheel

Pits.
Pits.

Wheel

Wheel
States
States

Capacity
Capacity

States
States

Capacity

Capacity
No.
No.

H. P.
H. P.

No.
No.

H. P.

H. P. 14 1,145,300 Ky Ala. 8 151,431 N. Y.

76 1,214,504 388 1,843,787 Wash

12 Ariz 15

307,615 ON C..

0 427,400 La

104 1,033,320 W. Va.

0 184

174

0 Wisc..

637.527 N D Ark

515,189
95,060 Me.
5

6

Mu.. 1391 2,438.261

13 22

404,427 Ohio. Calif.

25,195 Wyo..

69,503

3 Colo

2.772
214
56

388,911 Okla.
110,824 Mass

78
90
Conn.

159
178,673 Mich
533.865 Oreg.

587,793 U. S.... 2,801.18,868,027
1.000 Minn, 64

2 Del

47 607,303 262,420Pa

Outlying Territories 48

30 46.082 OR. I

0 3 D. of C

25,067 Alaska. 6,030 Miss.

57 8 247,253 S.C.

29

838,549 Hawail.. 21,768 Mo Fla.

31,768 23

4 56

10 597 609 Mont..

26.680 19,463 P. Isl..

501,857 S. D Ga

47
Idaho.
68

13
120,250Tenn
393,417 Nebr.

42.544

28 694,406 P. R... Ill. 33 93,953 Nev

26 10 708,830) Texas.

120,460 149

Total..

61

478,537| Utah 29

76

142,972 Ind. 53,117 N. H

147.074
207,154 N. J.
Iowa.

126
20
38

267.911

16,341 Vt.. Kan 16 13,019 N. M

7 35,683 Va.

61 282,301)Gr.tot.. 2,877 19,015,101 Installed water-wheel capacity in previous years--(1926) 11,176,596; (1930) 13,807,778; (1935) 16,075,307; (1940) 18,500,254.

Production of Electric Energy in the U. S.

Source: The Pederal Power Commission
Electric Energy Produced

Fuel Consumed in the Year
Dec. 1

Internal
Year
Total Hydro Steam Comb't'n Coal

011
1,000 1,000

1.000
1,000
Short

1.000
Kw. hrs. Kw hrs. Kw hrs. Kw. hrs.

tons

Barrels Cu. ft. 1920.

43,334.282 15,949,050 27.218.273 166,959 42,938,000 10,466,000 21,861,000 1925.

65,751,137 22.233,423 43,223,181 294,533 40,217.000 10.264,000 46.526.000 1930.

94,651,597 31,737,724 62,277.888 635.985 42,910,000 9,263,000/120,297.000 1931

90,728,821 29,579,863 60,505,175 643,783 38.714,000 8,129,000 139,274,000 1932.

82,376,772 33,321,857 48,456,610 598,305 30,296,000 7.967,000 107.840,000 1933

84,736,229 34,058,562 50.094.064 583,603 30,575,000 9,953.000 102,726,000 1934

90.805,524 33,713,222 56,450,551 641,751 33.561,000 10,391,000 127,892,000 1935

98,464,073) 39,034,152 58,649,829 780,092 34,164,000 11,378,000 125,239,000 1936

112,181,242 39,516,274 71,755,938 909,030 42,025,000 14,119,000 156,080,000 1937

121,836,813 44,489,183 76,329,917 1,017,713 44,766,000 14,143,000 171,268,000 1938.

116,681,423 44,834,410) 70.727,426 1.119,587 40,212,000 13,077,000170 688,000 1939

130,336,050 44,021,631 85,006,941 1.307,478 46,225,000 17,425,000 191,131,000 1940.

144,984,565) 47,752,627] 95,674,653 1,557,285 The installed capacity of electricity generating plants in 1939 (Dec. 31) (kilowatts) was: hydro, 11,415,165; steam, 28,046,948; internal combustion, 855,811; total--40,317,924

The installed capacity in 1939 (kilowatts) was thus divided: privately owned, 35,363,171 (of which electric utilities was 33,907,963); publicly owned, 4,954,753 (of which municipal utilities was 2,806,852).

The average consumption of fuel per kilowatt-hour for 1939 was 1.39 pounds. This is based on the coal and coal equivalent of all oil and gas used and the output by all fuel plants except that produced by wood. These figures are 59,514,000 tons of fuel and 85,800,000,000 kilowatt-hours.

of the 1940 kw. hours (1,000) privately owned plants produced 127,642,231; federally owned, 5,289,885; municipal, 6,187,844; State projects, 1,175,417; non-central stations, 1,395,371.

[graphic]

Electricity Sold in the United States in 1940

Ala

Source: The Congressional Record
Cus-
Kilowatt

Cus- Kilowatt
State tomers
Hours Revenues

State tomers

Hours Revenues 292,332 1,703,844.000 $23,574.647 Nev

26.745 125,217,000 $2,618,105 A 100,293 526,528,000 8,748,086 N. H

148.902 353.537.000 10,386,435 Ark 182,158 593,077,000 13,053,810 N. J

1,290,204 3,598,136.000 103,504,820 Calir. 2,275,920 10,235,143.000 167,414,555 N. M

49,499 106,061,000 4,110,197 Colo 258,604 725,869,000 19,614,003 N. Y

4,065,902 15,613,493,000 348,872,269 Conn 516,211 1,595,155,000 42,954,245 N. C..

440,491 2,434,530,000 35,955,358 Dela 55,125 236,722.000 4,900,833 N. D.

90,569 162,844,000 5,914,602 D. of C 83,846 886, 488,000 14,269,043 Ohio

1,890, 110 7,544,469,000 143.981,047 Fla. 384,096 1,017,436,000 31.344.182 Okla

348, 742 1.164,094,000 26,462,962 Ga. 359,894 1,898,105,000 31,056, 462

Oreg

314,336 1,280.624,000 22,130,904 Idaho 124,106 734,113,000 9,302,077

Pa.

2,471,091 12,187,075,000 216,110,577 I 2,101.770 8,680, 245,000 177,405,087 R. I

210,875 662,966,000 17,102,401 Ind 884,150 3,093,999,000 64,507,736 8. C

182.978 1,311,642,000 17,581,735 Iowa. 583,850 1,511,626.000 36,032,330 S. D.

102,580 193,507,000 6,992 766 Kan 397,871 1,187, 470,000 27,207,064 Tenn,

376.771 1.620,654,000 28,294,402 Ky 374,010 1.169,097,000 24,796,252 Texas

997.723 3,603,919,000 76,374,234 L& 313,731 1,181,741,000 22,771,263 Utah.

131,838 857.735,000 12,767,906 224.006 1,031,376,000 15,429,352 vt.

92,469 240, 261.000 7,046.061
504,101 1,957,746,000 35,190,042 Va.

426,5881 1,490,822,000 30, 604,644
Mass
1,326, 406 3,394,517.000 97, 198,887

535,124 2,921,929,000 37,525,214
Mich
1,449,499 5,391,354.000 108, 456,214 W. Va

292,886 1,815,481,000 28,306,059
Minn
598,812 1,832,966,000 43,280,643 Wisc

789,354 2,657,082,000 54,413,957
Miss
162,965 458, 126,000 10,975,637 Wyo.

47,876 133,471,000 4,034,949
Μο

801,832 3,057,299,000 59.826,642 Mont.

122.020 1,629,650,000 13,574,627 U.S.. 30,091,488 118,560,992,000 2,362,649,393
Nebr.

290,197 751,751.0001 18,674,070
The total production of electric energy in the State of New York in 1940 (kilowatt hours) was
18,993,978,000, according to the Federal Power Commission.

Residential users numbered 24,850,500 ($791,992,501); commercial, 4.175,198 ($729,581,139); industrial,
165,790 ($841,075,753).

Me
Md

Wash

[ocr errors]

Marriage and Divorce Information

Source: World Almanac Questionnaire The following table shows, by States, the marriageable age for both males and females with and without consent of parents or guardians. But in almost every State the court has the authority to marry young couples below the ordinary age of consent, in an emergency, where due regard for their morals and welfare so requires. With consent Without consent

Wait Wait Residence
Blood

for
after

for Men Women Men Women

test

license license divorce

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

1 year

[ocr errors]

(b)

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

(b)

(b)

Alabama.

17
14
21
18
(a)
None
None

1 year Arizona

18
18
21
18
None
None
None

1 year Arkansas

18
16
21
18
None None

None 3 months California.

Note

21
18
(b)
3 days None

1 yea: Colorado

Note

21
18
(b)
None None

1 year ('onnecticut

16
16
21
21
(b)

5 days None 3 years Delaware

18
16
21
18
None
(2)

(2)

1 year Dist. of Columbia 18

16
21
18 None

(8)

None
Florida.

18
16
21
21
None
None

None 90 days Genrgia.

17
14
21
18
None

(d)
None

1 year Idaho

Note

18
18
None
None

None 6 weeks Illinois

18
16
21
18
(b)
3 days None

1 year Indiana

18
16
21
18
(b)
None None

1 year lowa

16
14
21
18
(b)
None
None

1 year Kansas

18
16
21
18 None None None

1 year Kentucky

18
16

21
(b)
None
None

1 year Louisiana

Note

21
21

None
None

2 years Naine

16
16
18

5 days None 1 year Maryland

18
16
21
18
None 48 hours None

1 year Massachusetts

18
16
21
18
(b)
5 days None

3 years Michigan Note

18
(b)
5 days
None

1 year Sinnesota

18 1 16

21
18
None 5 days None

1 year Mississippi

Note

21
18
None

None

1 year Vissouri

15

18
None
None

None 1 year Montana

16
21
IS
None
None
None

1 year Xebraska.

18
18
21
21
None None

None

1 year Nevada

16

18
None
None
None

6 weeks New Hampshire

13
20
18
(b)
5 days None

1 year New Jersey

Note

21
18
(b)
(e)

(e)

2 years Vew Mexico

16
21
18
None None

None

1 year New York

14
21
18

None

(3)

(6) Vorth Carolina

16
18
18
(b)

None None 1 year North Dakota.

15
21
18
(b)
None
None

1 year Ohio.

16

21
None 5 days None

1 year klahoma

15

18
(0)
None
None

1 year Oregon

15
18

3 days None 1 year Pennsylvania

16

21
(b)
3 days None

1 year Rhode Island

16

21
(b)
(4)

2 years south Carolina

14
18
18
None None None

(6) South Dakota

15

18
(b)
None
None

1 year Tennessee

16
21
21
(b)

3 days None 2 years Texas,

18
None None

1 year Utah

14

18
(b
None
None

6 mos. Vermont

16

18

(bb) None 5 days 1 year Virginia

15

21
(b)
None
None

1 year Washington

15
18 None
3 days None

1 year West Virginia

16
21
21
(b)
3 days None

1 year Wisconsin

15

18
(b)

5 days None 2 years Wyoming

16

21
(a)
None

None 6 we, ks Alaska

18
16
21
18 None None

None 2 yearHavail

18
16
20
20
None
3 days
None

2 years Philippine Islands.

(7)
(7
(7) None

None
Puerto Rico

18
16
21
21
(b)
None
None

1 year Virgin Islands

16
14
21

18
None 8 days None

6 weeks (a) Physician's venereal certificate necessary for required in every State and Territory, and marriage male: void in 10 to 15 days, according to State. in the United States is now universally on a civil.

(b) Wassermann or similar standard laboratory contract basis. But religious ceremonies are authorblood test for both applicants. (bb) Serological test ized in all the States, provided there is a license by both parties

to wed. (c) In Oklahoma no venereal test is required, Common-law marriages of a year or more dura. but if either person is infected a certificate should tion, without either license or ceremony, are now be procured from a physician, which failure car- validated by the courts in practically all the States. ries a penalty and imprisonment.

on proper proof, and where children or property (d) No wait if both applicants are 21; 1f under are involved 21 there is a wait of 5 days.

In New York State, an amendment to the Domes(e) There is a 48-hour wait and license should tic Relations law (in effect April 29, 1933) invullbe obtained by the contracting parties at least 24 dates so-called common-law marriages entered into hours prior to the time of the ceremony.

The after that date. license is valid for 30 days.

In New York State, also, it is required, under a (2) For non-residents 96 hours; when one party 1929 law, that a female who is 14 but not 16 years is a resident 24 hours. No wait after obtaining of age must have the consent of a judge of the license.

Children's Court in her jurisdiction (in addition to (3) Twenty-four hours, but 3 days must elapse consent of parent or guardian) before she can from time of examination and blood test.

marry. (4) There is a 5-day wait, after the license is In many States, and in particular throughout issued, for non-resident women.

the South, marriage between whites and Negroes (5) The law does not allow divorce for any cause. is unlawful; marriage between whites and Indians

(6) Adultery is the only ground for absolute is still forbidden in several southern States. In divorce. Residence is not necessary.

Arizona, by a law of 1931, a Malay or Filipino can(7) With or without consent, for men, 16; for not lawfully marry a Caucasian. women, 14.

There is a 10 days delay in issuing a Causes for Divorce-In all the States but South license unless parents or guardians give written Carolina the primary cause for divorce is adultery. consent to the marriage. To obtain a divorce 1 In the Philippines it is the only cause for divorce. year of residence required, unless cause for divorce and it is necessary to prove a court conviction of claimed takes place in the Islands,

adultery or of concubinage, (8) Three clear days (not counting either day Pregnancy of wife by other than husband at time of application or day of issuance).

of marriage is a stated cause in Alabama, Arizona, Note-Common law prevails, 14 yrs, for male, Georgia, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, North Carolina, 12 yrs. for female.

Oklahoma, Tennessee, Virginia and Wyoming. Marriage Licenses--A license of some kind is It is a cause for annulment in the other States

[ocr errors]

(a)

[ocr errors]

(7)

when it is proved that the husband had no Georgia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New knowledge of the fact.

Hampshire, Ohio, Texas and Vermont; also in Impotency, if unknown at time of marriage, is a Maryland when husband and wife have voluntarily stated cause in Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkan- lived separate and apart for 5 consecutive years. sas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Desertion for 4 years is required in Louisiana: Kansas, Kentucky. Maine, Maryland, Massachu- and for 5 years in Rhode Island. setts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, In New York the so-called Enoch Arden law proNebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, vides for annulment of marriage for absence of North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Penn either party for 5 successive years if unknown to be sylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, alive. Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Alaska, and the Most of the States allow divorce or separation Virgin Islands.

for mere absence for 5 years or more. In other States it is a ground for annulment.

Failure to provide support is another name for Desertion (abandonment) is a universally stated

desertion, cause for divorce or separation. Il existing for six months it is a sufficient cause

Cruelty, physical or mental, if aggravated, is a

cause everywhere for divorce or separation; 80, in Hawaii.

Desertion must be for one year in Arizona, also, is imprisonment for felony prior to and Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho unknown to the suing party at time of marriage. Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Minnesota, Missouri, And so, also, are continuing insanity, and habitual

drunkenness. Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, Wis

Most of the states make & distinction between consin, Wyoming, Alaska and Puerto Rico.

divorce, and separation. Desertion must be for 2 years in Alabama, Dela- The primary cause for annulment is fraud of ware, District of Columbia, Indiana, Iowa, Michi- some kind, manifested in concealment by one or gan, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Jersey, North the other party of a condition which, would have Carolina, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West barred the marriage, such as insanity, impotency, Virginia and the Virgin Islands.

blood infection, conviction of felony, prior unDesertion must be for 3 years in Connecticut, | dissolved marriage, and so forth.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Va..

The Confederate States of America

Source: Historical Records South Carolina began the movement which led holm, South Carolina; 1865, John H. Reagan, to the organization of the Southern Confederacy Texas.

Secretaries of War-1861, by the adoption at Charleston (Dec. 20, 1860).

Leroy P. Walker,

Alabama; 1862, Judah P. by a convention of the people of the following

Benjamin, Louisiana;

1862, George W. Randolph, Virginia; 1862, Gustavus ordinance of secession:

W. Smith, Kentucky; 1862, James A Seddon, "We, the people of the State of South Carolina,

Virginia; 1865, John C. Breckinridge, Kentucky. in convention assembled, do declare and ordain, and

Secretary of the Navy-1861, Stephen R. Mallory, it is hereby declared and ordained, that the or

Florida. dinance adopted by us in convention on the 23rd

Postmasters-General-1861, Henry T. Ellet, day of May, in the year of our Lord 1788, whereby Mississippi; 1861, John H. Reagan, Texas. the Constitution of the United States was ratified

Attorneys-General-1861, Judah P. Benjamin, and also all acts and parts of the General Assembly Louisiana; 1861, Thomas 'Bragg, North Carolina; of this State ratifying amendments of the said

1862, Thomas H. Watts, Alabama; 1864, George Constitution are hereby repealed; and that the Davis, North Carolina. Union now subsisting between South Carolina and

April 12, 1861, fire was opened by the South other States under the name of the United States

Carolina troops on Fort Sumter, Charleston Har. of America is hereby dissolved."

bor. The following was the notification served on December 24 the Convention adopted a declara- | Major Robert Anderson, U.S.A., in command of the tion setting forth the cause of the secession of the fort, by order of Brig. -Gen. Beauregard, C.S.A.: State, and the Governor issued a proclamation "Sir-By authority of Brig.-Gen. Beauregard, announcing the action of the State.

commanding the provisional forces of the ConActs of secession were adopted by the Legislatures federate States, we have the honor to notify you . of the other seceding States, as follows:

that he will open the fire of his batteries on Fort

Sumter in one hour from this time. We have the Jan. 9, 1861, Miss., by a yote of 84 to 15 Jan. 10, Fla,

honor to be very respectfully, your obedient

62 to 7 Jan. 11, Ala, 61 to 39

servants,

"JAMES CHESTNUT.
208 to 89

JR.,
Jan. 19,
Ca.,

Aide-de-camp:

STEPHEN D. LEE, Aide-de-camp." Jan. 26,

113 to 17 La.. Feb.

The refusal of Major Anderson to surrender prior Texas, 1,

166 to 7

to the receipt of the above note was as follows:

88 to 55 April 17, May 6, Ark.,

"Fort Sumter, April 11, 1861. 69 to 1 May 21, N. C.,

"General- I have the honor to acknowledge the

unanimous June 8, Tenn.,

receipt of your communication demanding the

evacuation of this fort, and to say in reply thereto T States of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and that it is a demand which I regret my sense of Missouri, which were afterward represented in the honor and

ny obligation to my government preConfederate Congress, did not pass ordinances of vents my compliance. Thanking you for the fair secession. In two States a popular yote was taken. and manly terms proposed and for the high comThe vote of Virginia for secession was 128,884; pliment paid me, I am, General, very respectfully opposed, 32,134. Of Tennessee, for secession, 104,- your obedient servant. 019; opposed, 47,238.

"ROBERT ANDERSON, Major First Artillery The congress of delegates from the seceding Commanding." States met at Montgomery. Ala., (Feb. 4, 1861). "Brig.-Gen. Beauregard, Commanding Proviand prepared a provisional Constitution of the sional Army. Confederate States of America. This Constitution The last fight in the Civil War was at Palmetto was discussed in detail and adopted (Feb. 8). Ranche, Texas, May 11, 1865. Gen. Lee surrendered On the next day an election was held for chief at Appomattox Court House, Va. April 9, 1865. executive officers, and Jefferson Davis, of Missis- All the States were once more represented in both sippi, was elected provisional President and Alex- Houses of Congress of the United States May ander H. Stephens, of Georgia, provisional Vice- 23. 1872. President.

Although South Carolina led the

way

into The joint convention of the provincial Senate secession it was the overpowering States Rights and House of Representatives counted (Feb. 19, sentiment in Georgia and North Carolina-in 1861), the electoral vote for President and Vice- Georgia even more than in North Carolina-that President. The number of States voting was 11; rullied the others into the movement. From the total electoral votes, 109; all of which were for four:dation of the United States, Georgia had been Jefierson Davis and Alexander H. Stephens. foremost in standing up against the federal gov

President Davis was inaugurated in Montgomery, ernment when state's rights were involved. Joseph Ala. (Feb. 18, 1861), and again in Richmond, E. Brown was their chief champion at the outVa.. (Feb 22, 1862).

break of the Separatist movement. Georgia, acSecretaries of State 1861, Robert Toombs, cording to some historians, was no more willing Georgia; 1861, Robert M. T. Hunter, Virginia: to subordinate her interests to the Confederate 1862, Judah P. Benjamin, Louisiana.

than to the Federal government, and her perSecretaries of the Treasury--1861, C. G. Mem- sistent recalcitrancy in the end contributed largely minger, South Carolina; 1864, George A. Tren- to the downfall of the Confederacy, it is asserted.

[ocr errors]
« 上一頁繼續 »