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SEAPLANES (Continued)
Oct. 23, 1934. (United States)-Speed 395.439 km. p. h. (245.713 m. p. h.)-Lieut. James H. Doolittle,
U. S. A. S., Oct. 27, 1925.

Speed for 1,000 kilometers (621.369 miles) (International)-Speed 403.424 km. p. h. (250.676 m. p. h.)
-M. Stoppani and G. Gorini, Italy, March 30, 1938. (United States)-Speed 266.608 km. p. h. (165.040
m. p. h.)-Maj. Gen. Frank M. Andrews, Aug. 24, 1935.

AMPHIBIANS (Class C3) Distance, Airline (International)-2,300.860 kilometers (1,429.685 miles)-Maj. Gen. F. M. Andrews and crew, U.S., from San Juan, Porto Rico, to Langley Field, Va., June 29, 1936. (United States)--same.

Altitude (International)—7,605 meters (24,950.712 feet)-Boris Sergievsky, u. s., Stratford, Conn.. April 14, 1936. (United States)-same.

Maximum speed (International)-Speed 370.814 km. p. h. (230.413 m. p. h.)-A. P. de Seversky,
U. S., Detroit, Mich., Sept. 15 1935. (United States)--same.

Speed for 100 kilometers (62.137 miles) (International)-speed 337.079 km. p. h. (209.451 m. p. h.)
A. P. de Seversky, U. S., Miami, Fla., Dec. 19, 1936. (United States)-same.

Speed for 1,000 kilometers (621.369 miles) (International)---speed 299.461 km. p. h. (186.076 m. p.h.)
-Capt. W. P. Sloan and Capt. B. L. Boatner, U. S. A., A C., United States, Dayton, O., July 31, 1939.
(United States)-same.

F. A. I. COURSE RECORDS (First category, solo)
Los Angeles to New York (International)-Speed, 526.500 km, p. h. (327. 151 m. p. h.) Howard R.
Hughes, U. S., Jan. 19, 1937. Elapsed time: 7 hrs., 28 mins., 25 sec. (United States) same.

London to Capetown, Africa (International)-Speed 244.876 km. p. h. (152.159 m. p. h.)-A. Hen-
shaw, Great Britain, Feb. 5-6, 1939. Elapsed time: 39 hrs., 25 mins.

Capetown, Africa, to London (International)-Speed 243.745 km. p. h. (151.456 m. p. h.)-A Henshaw, Great Britain, Feb. 7-9, 1939. Elapsed time: 39 hrs., 36 mins.

Havana to Washington, D. C. (International)-Speed 376.512 km. p. h. (233.953 m. p. h.)-Col. A. P.
de Seversky, U. S., Dec. 17, 1937. Elapsed time: 4 hrs., 50 mins., 59 secs. (United States /-same.

F. A. I. COURSE RECORDS (Second category)
Los Angeles to New York (International)-Speed 427.093 km. p. h. (265.383 m. p. h.)--Major S. M.
Umstead and Capt. L. F. Harman, U. S. A., A. C., Aug 1, 1939. Elapsed time: 9 hrs., 14 mins., 30
secs. (United States )-same.

New York to London (International)-Speed 272.345 km. p. h. (169.227 m. p. h.)-Henry T. Merrill
and John S. Lambe, U.S., May 9-10, 1937. Elapsed time: 20 hrs., 29 mins., 45 secs. (United States)-same.

NATIONAL TRANSCONTINENTAL AND INTER-CITY RECORDS
West to East-Howard R. Hughes, from Burbank, Cal. to Newark, N. J., Jan. 19, 1937. Distance,
2,445 miles; elapsed time, 7 hrs., 28 mins., 25 secs.; average speed, 327.161 m. p. h.

East to West-A. P. de Seversky, from Brooklyn to Burbank, Cal., Aug. 29, 1938. Distance, 2.457
miles; elapsed time, 10 hrs., 2 mins., 55.7 secs.; average speed, 244.507 m. p. h.
New York to Miami-Jacqueline Cochran, Dec. 3, 1937. Elapsed time: 4 hrs., 12 mins., 27.2 secs.

Miami, Fla. to New York-Howard R. Hughes, April 21. 1936. Distance, 1,087 miles; elapsed time,
4 hrs., 21 mins., 32 secs.; average speed, 249.375 m.p.h.

Chicago to Los Angeles-Howard R. Hughes, May 14, 1936. Elapsed time; 8 hrs., 10 mins., 29.8 secs.
New York to Havana-A. P. de Seversky, Dec. 3, 1937. Elapsed time: 5 hrs., 3 mins., 5.4 secs.
New York to Washington, D. C.-A. P. de Seversky, May 19, 1938. Elapsed time: 58 mins., 38 secs.

FEMININE RECORDS (AIRPLANES-Class C)
Distance, Airline (International)—5,908.610 kilometers (3,671.432 miles)-V. Grisodoubova and P.
Ossipenko,' u. S. S. R., Sept. 24-25, 1938. (United States)--3,939.245 kilometers (2,447.728 miles) -
Amelia Earhart, from Los Angeles, Calif., to Newark, N. J., Aug. 24-25, 1932.

Altitude (International)-14,310 meters (46,948.725 feet)-Mrs. Maryse Hilz, France, June 23, 1936.
(United States)-9,160 meters (30,052.430 feet) Jacqueline Cochran, Palm Springs, Calif., March 24.
1939.

Speed, maximum (International)- Speed 470.365 km. p. h. (292.271 m.p.h.) Jacqueline Cochran, U. S..
Detroit, Mich., Sept. 21, 1937. (United States), same.

Speed for 100 kilometers (International)--Speed 470.896 km. p. h. (292.600 m. p. h.)-Jacqueline
Cochran, United States. Acomita, N. M., April 20, 1940. (United States)---same.

Speed for 1,000 kilometers (621.369 miies) (International)-Speed 492.341 km. p. h. (305.926 m. p. h.).
Jacqueline Cochran, Burbank-San Francisco-Burbank, Calif., course. Sept. 15, 1939. (United States)
-Same.

Speed for 2,000 kilometers (1,242.739 miles) (International)--Speed 533.847 km, p. h. (331.716 m. p. n.),

Jacqueline Cochran, Mt. Wilson-Mesa Giganta, N. M.-Mount Wilson, Calil., course, April 6, 1940. (United States)-same.

FEMININE NATIONAL TRANSCONTINENTAL AND INTER-CITY RECORDS
West to East Jacqueline Cochran, from Burbank, Cal., to Brooklyn, N. Y., Sept. 3, 1938. Elapsed
time, 10 hrs., 27 mins., 55 secs. Speed, 234.776 m.p.h.

East to West-Louise Thaden and Blanche Noyes, from Floyd Bennett Field, Brooklyn, N. Y.. to
Los Angeles, Cal., Sept. 4, 1936. Elapsed_time, 14 hrs., 55 mins., 1 sec.
Los Angeles to Mexico City-Amelia Earhart, April 19-20, 1935. Elapsed time, 13 hrs., 33 mins.

Mexico City to Washington, D. C.-Amelia Earhart, May 8, 1935. Elapsed time, 13 hrs. 1
min., 51 sec.
Mexico City to New York-Amelia Earhart, May 8, 1935. Elapsed time, 14 hrs., 19 mins.

GLIDERS Distance, Airline (International)-749.203 kilometers (465.532 miles)-0. Klepikova, U. S. S. R., from Moscow to Otradnoie, region of Stalingrad, July 6, 1939. (United States)-423.258 kilometers (263.000 miles)-Woodbridge P. Brown, from Wichita Falls, Tex., to Wichita, Kans., June 6, 1939.

Distance with return to point of departure (International)-Boris Kimelman, U. S. S. R., July 23, 1939), 342.370 kilometers (212.738 miles). *

Duration with return to point of departure (International)--36 hrs., 35 mins., Kurt Schmidt, Germany, Aug. 3-4, 1933. (United States) --21 hrs., 34 mins., Lieut. William A. Cocke, Jr., Hawaii, Dec. 17-18. 1931.

Altitude above Starting Point (International)-6,838 meters (22,434.338 feet)-Erwin Ziller, Germany. Nov. 21, 1938. (United States)-5.262 meters (17.263.743 feet)--Robert M, Stanley, Elmira, N. Y., July 4, 1939.

HELICOPTERS Duration, closed circuit (International)-1 hr., 20 mins., 49 secs.-Ewald Rohlfs, Germany, June 25. 1937.

Distance, airline (International)-230.248 kilometers (143.069 miles)-Karl Bode, Germany, June 20,
1938.

FREE BALLOONS (Eighth category, 4001 meters or more)
Duration (International)-87 hours. H. Kaulen, Germany, Dec. 13 to 17 1913. (United States)-51
hours, Lieut. Commdr. T. G. W. Settle and Lieut. Charles H. Kendall, Gordon-Bennett Balloon Race.
Chicago, Sept. 2, 3, 4, 1933.

Distance (International)-3,052.7 kilometers (1,896.856 miles), Berliner, Germany, Feb. 8, 9, 10, 1914. (United States)-1,887.6 kilometers (1,172.898 miles), A. R. Hawley, St. Louis, Mo., to Lake Tschotogama, Canada, Oct. 17, 1910.

Altitude (International)-22,066 meters (72,394.795 feet)-Capt. Orvil Anderson and Capt. Albert Stevens, United States, take-off approximately 11 miles southwest of Rapid City, s. D., landing approximately 12 miles south of White Lake, S. D., Nov. 11, 1935.

*Indicates no United States record has been established.

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Aircraft, Gliders, Pilots and Glider Pilots in U. S.

Source: Civil Aeronautics Administration; data are as of July 1, 1941
Aircraft

Pilots

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Alabama.

152

1
153

134

3 798 935 Arizona.

130

1
131

70

1 517 588 Arkansas,

171
175

98

2 824 9241 Calllornia, 2,174 88 2,262 47 178 1,885 45 7,857 9,965

18 Colorado

220
224

24
126

1,109 1,260 Connecticut.

244
1 245

2 131

583 721 Delaware.

123
123

30

177 211 District of Columbia.

258
3 261

134

522 667 Florida.

499
500
108 422

1,324 1.859 Georgia

326

330
3 65 244

1,013 1,325 Idaho.

103
103

60

665 727 Illinois.

1,221
9 1,230 17 204

571 25 3,038 3,838 Indiana.

622 24 6-16

4

267 19 1.682 1,971 Iowa.

468
8 476

5 209

9 1,659 1,882 Kansas 469 24 493

1 201

3 1,814 2,019 Kentucky 157 10 167

1 68

1 438 508 Louisiana.

252
1 253

13 147

6 1,073 1,239 Maine.

174

2
176

1
82

8 360 451 Maryland

308
8 316

3 124

8 764 899 Massachusetts,

503
507

30 318 15 1,592 1,955 Michigan..

895 20 915 23 30 357 18 2,755 3,160 27 Minnesota

512 39 551

2 53 261 15 1.435 1.764 Mississippi

143
5 148

89

574 663 Missouri

602 14 616

1
99 475

3 2,103 2,680
Montana.
155 12 167

640 719 Nebraska

192 10 202

1
118

988 1,111 Nevada

66
1 67

25

213 238 New Hampshire.

80
1 81

42

297

344 New Jersey

625
7 632

7 22 338 12 1,590 1,962 New Mexico.

120
2 122

47

2 479 529 New York,

1,610 14

1,624 17 258 1,069 38 4,400 5,765 35 North Carolina.

432
13 445
153 13 1,041 1,207

1 North Dakota. 121 13 134

54

2 535 591 Ohio. 1,174 22 1,196

3 16 514

33 3,014 3.577 Oklahoma

443
6 449

348

8 1,739 2,095 Oregon

268 21
289
21 141

1,127 1,293 Pennsylvania.

2,163
6 2,169

3
18 602 33 3,456

13 Rhode Island.

164
164

2 40
3 276 321

1 South Carolina 202

3 768 861 South Dakota.

103
4 107

56

1

520 578 Tennessee.

285
3 288

23 201

1,255 1,482 Texas. 1,237 41 1.278

163 847

4,475

5,493 Utah.

99
100
32 85

645 763 Vermont

69
69

30

255 287 Virginia.

374
21 216

8 977 1.222 Washington

374
381
47 313

1,757 2.121 West Virginia

196
197

1 103

9 833 946 Wisconsin.

427
27 454
3 187 12 1,120

1,322 Wyoming

80
85

18
39

301

358 Alaska

170
172

113

84

199 Canada

1
1

50

27 85 Canal Zone

21

19 41 Hawaiian Islands.

40
40

62

181 247 Mexico!

2

5

7 Philippine Islands

1

14

8 22 Puerto Rico.

23
23

10

31 41 Foreign, Miscellaneous i.

7
26 73

31 130
Total...
22,025 498 22,523

3161

1,5101 12,583 421 67,763 82,277 145 1 Figures for these countries are for aircraft and pilots registered by the United States. : Civil aircraft in the Philippine Islands are now registered with the local government. 3 Includes 54 certificated and 107 uncertificated gliders.

* Includes 2,733 women pllots divided as follows: 154 commercial, 17 limited commercial, and 2,562 private.

4,109

204

90

372

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Domestic Aviation Gains in 1941 The 16 scheduled airline operators in the United started and 96.03 per cent of those started were States carried 3,423,454 passengers during the fiscal completed. The modernly equipped Federal Airways year ended June 30, 1941.

as compared with System embraces a nation-wide network of 30.913 3,368, 196 for the previous year. During the first miles, as compared with 29,745 on June 30, 1940, six months of 1941 the American-operated ma- and 2.000 miles in 1926. chines carried 460,974 more passengers than during There were (July 1, 1941) 2,277 airports and the corresponding period in 1940, and flew 12,283,- landing fields in the country, of which 1,035 were 198 more miles. During the fiscal year 121,083,634 municipal, 795, commercial, 282 Civil Aeronautics miles were flown.

Authority, 27 Naval, 74 Army and 64 in the miscelPlanes in operation (June 30, 1941) numbered laneous classification. There were no auxiliary 365, furnishing employment to 17,221 persons--994 airports or fields. Of the total 690 were fully or pilots, 1,055 co-pilots, 4,354 mechanics and riggers, partially lighted. There are 56 airplane airports 2,070 other field personnel, 6,504 office personnel. and seaplane bases designated as airports through 840 stewardesses and 115 stewards, 1,091 unclassi. which aircraft arriving in the United States from fied and 198 dispatchers. The domestic airlines foreign countries can clear customs and immigracarried 3,145.970 revenue passengers during the tion. fiscal year and revenue passenger miles was 1,174,- American-operated alr transport routes (June 30. 835,023. Express carried was 15,097,150 pounds. 1941) embraced a mileage of 42.522 domestic, not

The domestic lines started 208,461 out of 219,580, including territorial and foreign. Air passengers scheduled trips and in addition flew 9.587 extra paid an average of 5.03 cents per mile. The sections. Of the scheduled trips 95.15 per cent were average number carried per plane was about 10.75

Airplane Landing Facilities in United States

Source: Civil Aeronautics Administration; data are as of July 1,
AIRPORTS AND LANDING FIELDS

SEAPLANE BASES AND ANCHORAGES

1941

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Colorado.
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Delaware.
Dist. of Col.
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Georgia.
Idaho
Illinols
Indiana.
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Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland.
Massachusetts
Michigan.
Minnesota
Mississippi
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Montana.
Nebraska.
Nevada,
New Hampshire.
New Jersey
New Mexico..
New York.
North Carolina
North Dakota,
Ohio.
Oklahoma.
Oregon.
Pennsylvania,
Rhode Island
South Carolina.
South Dakota..
Tennessee.
Texas..
Utah..
Vermont.
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia.
Wisconsin
Wyoming

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Source: National Safety Council. The award is given annually to airlines operating Lines: Group B: Pennsylvania-Central Airlines, the greatest number of passenger miles in re

Braniff Airways: Group C: Continental Air Lines, spective groups, without fatality to passenger

Inland Air Lines. Group A, more than 100.000.000: Group B, between

1939-Group A: American Airlines, Eastern Air

Lines; Group B: Pennsylvania-Central Airlines, 10,000,000 and 100,000,000; Group C, less than

Northwest Airlines, Group C: Continental Air 10,000,000 passenger miles annually.

Lines, 1936--Group A: Eastern Air Lines: Group B: 1940_Group A: American Airlines, Eastern Air Northwest Airlines, Pennsylvania-Central Airlines. Lines; Group B: Northwest Airlines, Branisl Air

1937-Group A: American Airlines, Eastern Air ways: Group C: Inter- Island Airways. Special Lines: Group B: Northwest Airlines, Pennsylvania- Trustees' Safety Award to American Airlines for Central Airlines.

operating more than one billion passenger miles 1938—Group A; American Airlines, Eastern Air without fatality to passenger or crew.

Fatalities in Aviation by Years

Scheduled

NonOperation Scheduled Year (Domestic) Operation Miles Flown Per Pass. Fatality 1930 1,333,026

508.309 1931 1.710.217

604,763 1932 2,400,334

587,810 6,096,444

552,115

Source: Civil Aeronautics Authority
Scheduled
Non-

Scheduled

NonOperation Scheduled

Operation Scheduled Year (Domestic) Operation Year (Domestic) Operation Miles Flown Per Pass. Fatality Miles Flown Per Pass. Fatality 1934 2,409, 141

500,677 1938

2.786,753 1,124,862 1935 3.692,024

847.556 1939 9.174.614 1.279,627 1936 1.449.482

784,205 1940 3,108,584 2,146,341 1937 1,651,788

921,396

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Progress of Aviation in the United States, 1935-1940

Source: U. S. Civil Aeronautics Authority; figures are as of Dec. 31 each year

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Scheduled Air-Carrier

Operations
Airplanes
In service and reserve:
Domestici
Foreign and territoriali
Total......

Av. no. seats per plane (dom.)!
Airways (dom , loreign, territ.)
Services in operation,
Express mileage.
Mall mileage
Passenger mileage..
Total mileage:
Domestic
Foreign and territoriali:

Total. Accidents: Domestic: Number of accidents Mlles flown per accident.. Fatal accidents. Mlles down per fatal accident. Fatal accid, per 1,000,000 mi.. Pilot fatalitles.. Mlles flown per pilot latality. Copilot tatallties. Crew latal. (other pllot,copilot) Passenger tatallties.. Pass, miles per pass. fatality Ground crew, third party fatal Passenger fatalities per 100,000,000 pass, miles flown... Total fatalities.

Fatallties per 1,000,000 miles. Foreign and territorial: Number of accidents. Miles down per accident.. Fatal cidents. Miles flown per fatal accident Plot fatalities. Mlles flown per pilot fatality Copilot fatalities. Fatal acci. 1,000,000 miles. Crew fatal. (other than pilot

copilot).
Passenger fatalities..
Pass.-rntles. per pass. fatal.
Pass. lat. 100,000,000 pass.-mi,
Ground-crew, third-party lat.
Total fatalities.
Fatalities per 1.000.000 mniles,
Domestic, foreign & territorial:
Number of accidents.
Miles flown per accident.
Fatal accidents.
Mlles flown per fatal accident
Fatal accl. per 100,000,000 mi
Pilot tatallties..
Mlles flown per pilot fatality.
Copllot fatalities..
Crew fatal. (other than pilot,

copilot).
Passenger fatalities.
Pass.-miles per pass. fatality
Passenger tatal. per 100.000.-

000 passenger-elles flown
Ground-crew, third-party fat.
Total fatalities..
Fatalities per 1,000,000 miles

flow.....
Espress and freight-carried:

Pounds (domestic).
Pounds (foreign & territorial)i
Total.....

Ton-inlles (domestic)
Fuel (cons.) (domestic, foreign,
and territorial):
Gasoline, gallons..

Oil, gallons.
Mail:
Carried by contractors:
Poundas. (domestic)'.

5

8 1,966,909 1,416,482 2

1 4,917,272 11,331,858 1

1 9,834,544 11,331,858 1

1 0.20

0.09

11 1,035,391

3 3,796,433

3 3,796,433

3 0.26

6 1,400,757

1 8,404,540

1 8,404,540

1 0.12

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Operators (number of):
Domestici

23
21
17
18
17

16 Foreign and territoriali.

7
7
7
8
8

8 Total.

527
%25
521
523
522

522 Passenger-miles flown (1 pas

enger carried 1 mile): Domesticl revenue

279,375,902 388,242,120 407,295,893 476,402,280 677,672.955 1,041,173,558 Domestic, i rev. and non-rey, 313,905,508 435,740,253 476.603,165 557,719,268 749,787,096 1.147,444,948 Foreign, territ., rev., nonrey.. 48,465,412 58,543,618 76,045,424 77,836,916 785,031,146 2117,719,111 Total..

362,370,920 494,283,871 552,648,589 635,556,184 834,818,242 1,265,164,059 Passengers carried: Domestic, revenue,

663,261 911,148 958,510 1,176,858 1,717,090 2.727,820 Domestic, rev. and nonrev..

746.946 1,020,931 1,102.707 1,343,427 1,876.051 2,959,450 Foreign, terri.,' rev., nonrev..

127,170 145,112 187,028 192.684 2168,970 $225,798 Total..

874,116 1,166,043 1,289,735 1,536,111 2,045,021 3,185,278 Passenger seat-miles flown (domestic)

572,546,530 680,708,230 828,188,184 949,421,755 1,207,869,577 1,797.329,431 Passenger load factor: Domestici revenue (per cent). 48.80 57,04 49.18 50.18 56.10

57.93 Domestic! rev., nonrev. (pct.)

54.83
64.01
57.55
58.74
62.08

63.84 Pass. fare (av. per ml.) (dom.)

$0.057 $0.057 $0.056 $0.057 $0.051 $0.0506 Pay rate of: Mech, av, month (dom.)!..

$149 Pilots, av. month (dom.) 1. $541

$678 Copilots, av, month (dom.). $206

$237 Personnel employed (domes

tic, foreign, and territorial)
Mechanics and ground crew..

2,618
2.874 3.280
3,415 4,006

5,409 Pilots

656
694
755
820
836

1,046 Copilots.

339
547
602
605
872

1,232 Stewards and Stewardesses,

212
390
420
451
639

1,040 Other hangar & field personnel

1,518
1,767
2,356
2.635
3.015

4,249 Operation & office personnel..

3.008 3,723
4,179 5,383 6.555

9,080
Total..
8,351 9,995 11,592 13,309 15,923

22,056
Trips :
Percentage completed of those
started (domestic)!..

91.49
95.60
95.41
95.37 95,30

96.02
Percentage started of those
scheduled (domestic).
95.88 94.22 93.82

94.88
97.16

94.85
Percentage completed of those
scheduled (domestic).
87.73 90.08 89.51 90.48

92.59

91.07
420
Pass., av. Igth. (miles) (dom.)!

427
432
415
400

388 Private Flying Operations

(All dorpestic) Airplanes in operation (certincated and uncertificated)....

8,613 8.849 10,446 10.718 12,274 16,903
Accidents:
Nunber of accidents
1,517 1.698 1.917

1.882
2,175

3,446 Miles flown per accident.

55,871 54,959 53,832 68,735 81,778 76,610 Number of fatal accidents.

164
159
185
172
194

208 Miles flown per fatal accident

516.803 586.921 557,818 752,088 916,846 1,269,231 Pilot fatalities

134
130
152
141
161

183 Copilot or student fatalities.

19
15
16
15
7

18 Passenger fatalities.

100
119
112
115
139

123 Aircraft crew fatal (other than

6

1 pilot, co-pilot, or student)

2

1
5
2
1
3
3

2
Ground crew, third-party fatal.
Total fatalities.

262
272
283
275
314

327 Miles flown per pilot fatality

632,505 717,849 678.923 917,440 1.104,771 1,442,623 Miles flown per pass. fatal..

847,556 784,205 921,396 1,124,862 1,279,627 2,146.341 Fuel (consurned): Gasoline, gallons..

11,104,259 10,451,496 10,618,240 10,201,053 16,394,335 22,400,000 Oil, gallons..

334,420 316,502 310,851 287.875 460,189 660,000 Miles flown..

84,755,630 93,320,375 103,196,355 129,359,095 177,868,157 264,000,000

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