網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

Standard Time Zones of the World

Source: Interstate Commerce Commission and U. S. Hydrographic Office Standard time for the world, like longitude, is meridian. Places to the east of there have faster counted from Greenwich, England, as the prime time; places to the west of there have slower time.

INTERNATIONAL DATE LINE The International Meridian Conference, held in When crossing this line in a westerly direction Washington, D. c. (1884) established as the (1. e., from west longitude to east longitude), the prime meridian, from which time was to be date must be advanced 1 day, and when crossing counted, the meridian passing through Greenwich, in an easterly direction (east longtitude to west England. The meridian 180° from this prime longtitude), the date must be set back i day. meridian was made the International Date Line, The line is so bent that it passes through Bering but, in order to include islands of the same group Strait with Asia to the West and Alaska . to the in the same day, it has been necessary to vary the East, then bends West so as to leave all the Aleuline from the 180th meridian at some places. The tian Islands on the East. The line turning east official date line runs from 70° N to 60° 8. in again follows the 180° meridian again until 5° accordance with the following description:

below the equator, when it bends to the east toward Starting at the 180th meridian at 70° N.; thence the Samoan Islands which are left to the east and southeasterly to 169° W. 65° N.thence south- away from the Fiji Islands to the west. It continues westerly to 170° E. 52 30' N, thence southeasterly south on the meridian of 172°30' W. to 45°30' S.. to the 180th meridian at 48" N., thence southerly Tonga Islands, New Zealand and thence the line on the 180th meridian to 5° 8., thence southeasterly continues southwesterly to the 180th meridian at to 172°30' W., 15.30' S., thence southerly to 45°30' 51°30' S., thence southerly on the 180th meridian S., thence southerly on the 180th meridian to 60° S. to 60° S.

STANDARD TIME DIFFERENCES-UNITED STATES CITIES
At 12 o'clock U. S. Eastern Standard Time, the clocks in the cities of the United States are:
Atlanta, Ga.
11.00 AM Galveston, Tex. 11.00 A.M. Omaha, Neb.

111.00 A.M. Baltimore, Md.

12.00 NOON Hartford, Conn.. 12.00 NOON Philadelphia, Pa. 12.00 NOON Birmingham, Ala. 11.00 AM

Houston, Texas. 11.00 A.M. Pittsburgh, Pa... 12.00 NOON Boston, Mass..

12.00 NOON Indianapolis, Ind.. 11.00 A.M. Portland, Oregon.. 9.00 AM Buffalo, N. Y 12.00 NOON Kansas City, Mo..

11.00 A.M.

Providence, R. I.. 12.00 NOON Charleston, S. C 12.00 NOON Los Angeles, Cal..

9.00 A.M.
Richmond, Va.

12.00 NOON Chicago, Illi 11.00 AM Louisville. Ky

11.00 A.M. St. Paul, Minn.. 11.00 A.M Cincinnati, Ohio. 12.00 NOON Memphis, Tenn.. 11.00 A.M. Rochester, N. Y.. 12.00 NOON Cleveland, Ohio. 12.00 NOON M11lwaukee, Wis..

11.00 A.M. Salt Lake City, Utan. 10.00 A.M. Columbus, Ohio. 12.00 NOON Minneapolis, Minn.. 11.00 A.M. San Francisco, Cal. 9.00 AM Dallas, Tex.. 11.00 A.M. Newark, New Jersey.. 12.00 NOON Savannah, Ga.

12.00 NOON Den ver, Col. 10.00 A, M. New Haven, Conn.. 12.00 NOON Seattle, Wash..

9.00 A.M. Des Moines, Iowa.. 11.00 AM New York, N. Y.. 12.00 NOON St. Louis, Mo... 11.00 A.M. Detroit, Mich

12.00 NOON New Orleans, La.... 11.00 A. M. Washington, D. C... 12.00 NOON El Paso, Tex. 11.00 A.M. Norfolk, Va.

12.00 NOON STANDARD TIME DIFFERENCES-NEW YORK AND FOREIGN CITIES At 12 o'clock noon United States Eastern Standard Time, the standard time in foreign cities is as follows: Alexandria. 7.00 P.M. Delhi 10.30 P.M. Moscow

8.00 PM Amsterdam. 5.19 PM Dublin 5.00 PM Oslo

6.00 P.M. Athens. 7.00 P.M. Edmonton, Alb. 10.00 AM Paris.

5.00 P.M. Auckland. 4.30 A.M. Freetown, S. L. 4.00 PM Perth.

1.00 AM, Baghdad. 8.00 PM Geneva. 6.00 P.M. Rio de Janeird.

2.00 P.M. 12.00 MID Bangkok.

Hallfax.
1.00 PM Rome...

6.00 P.N. Batavia, 12.30 A.M. Havana 12.00 NOON| Santiago (Chile)

1.00 PM Belfast.. 5.00 P.M. Havre 5.00 P.M. Shanghai

1.00 A.M. Berlin 6.00 PM Honolulu 6.30 A.M. Singapore

12.00 MID. Bogota 12.00 NOON Hong Kong.

1.00 A.M.* Stockholm

6.00 P.M. Bombay 10.30 P.M. Istanbul

7.00 P.M. Sydney (N. S. W.) 3.00 A.M. Bremen. 6.00 P.M. Leningrad 8.00 P.M. Teheran.

8.30 P.M. Brussels 5.00 P.M. Lima 12.00 NOON| Tokyo

2.00 AM. Bucharest. 7.00 PM Lisbon 5.00 P.M. Valparaiso

1.00 PM 6.00 PM Budapest

Liverpool.
5.00 P.M. Vancouver.

9.00 A.M. Buenos Aires 100 PM London 5.0 P.M. Vienna

6.00 PM Calcutta 10.53 P.M. Madrid 5.00 PM Warsaw

6.00 P.M. Cape Town. 7.00 P.M. Manila 1.00 A.M. Willington, N, Z

4.30 AM, Caracas 12.30 P.M. Mexico City 11.00 AM Winnipeg

11.00 AM Copenhagen. 6.00 PM Montevideo. 1.30 PM Yokohama

2.00 A.M. Danzig 6.00 P.M. Montreal 12.00 NOON Zurich ..

6.00 P.M. Dawson. Y

8.00) A.M. Germany, France and Italy operate during the war on German Summer Time which is seven hours ahead of New York Standard Time; England Summer Time is six hours ahead.

At places marked the time noted is in the morning of the following day.

Daylight Saving Time

Source: The Merchants Association of New York There has been a considerable extension of Day- is observed by over 35,000,000 persons; in the world light Saving notably in the Southern States. by more than 250,000,000. The State-wide use of Georgia has been placed on Eastern Standard Time Daylight Saving Time has been established in New

Jersey, and Rhode Island, whereas in Massachuby the Legislature for State purposes.

setts and New Hampshire Daylight Time has been Daylight Saving is observed throughout Greater legalized. Daylight Saving Time is generally obNew York, and this practice influences a large area served throughout the States of Maine and Consurrounding the City, including all of Long Island, necticut and it is gaining widespread use in all of Westchester County, the entire State of Con- Vermont. In Pennsylvania it is observed in Philanecticut and the entire State of New Jersey.

delphia and Pittsburgh, and their suburbs, and During the last few years the observance of Day. generally by municipalities. The advantage of Daylight Saving Time in New York State has expanded light Saving Time was secured to Ohio in 1927 when to such a degree that it is now in effect (ior the the interstate Commerce Commission put the State most part, during five months of the year) in all on Eastern Standard Time. communities classified as cities in the State; in In Canada, in Sept., 1940. just before Daylight practically all communities near those cities and Saving Time was to revert to Standard Time, the in all other sections of the State, excepting those in Federal Government, by Order-in-Council under which agricultural pursuits are dominant.

the War Measures Act, ordered those municipaliDaylight Saving Time means advancing the clock ties in the Provinces of Ontario and Quebec which by one hour during the summer, generally from the had operated on Daylight Saving Time during the last Sunday in April until the last Sunday in Sep- Summer of 1940, to continue on fast time indefitember in the Northern Hemisphere and from the nitely Spring to early Autumn in the Southern Hemi- Cipago and neighboring communities observe sphere. In the United States Daylight Saving Time Daylight Saving Time and it includes October,

Calendar Improvement

Source: The World Calendar Association Calendar revision continues to progress toward years, after the completed second quarter, at the actual adoption in 1945, despite the war. The end of June. It is recommended that these extra World Calendar is the only plan now receiving Saturdays be observed as World-Holidays. serious international consideration. It has already The object of The World Calendar is to remove the approval of 14 governments: Afghanistan, the needless complications which exist in our calBrazil, Chile, China, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, endar today and to simplify and stabilize it so Mexico, Norway, Panama, Peru, Spain, Turkey and that it will adequately meet modern requirements. Uruguay. It is sponsored internationally by the Among the advantages of The World Calendar Chambers of Commerce of the British Empire, the are these: Exact statistical comparisons could be Universal Christian Council, the World Federation made between corresponding periods of different of Education Associations, etc. In the United years without having to weigh the results because States, it has the support of the National Education of a different number of Saturdays or Sundays: Association, the General Federation of Women's days and dates always agree; many holidays could Clubs, the National Federation of Business and be set so that they always come on Monday and Professional Women's Clubs, the New York State so make a long weekend; any holiday with a fixed Chamber of Commerce and other Chambers of month date, like Independence Day, would always Commerce, the American Association for the Ad- come on the same day of the week; any date that vancement of Science, the American Academy of is now fixed by the day of the week, such as "the Arts and Sciences, etc. Among religious denomina- first Tuesday after the first Monday in November tions, it is approved by the Protestant Episcopal would always have the same date. Church, American Lutheran, Reformed and This reform, long the subject of international Methodist Episcopal South Churches.

conference and study, impartially meets the need The World Calendar is being advocated by cal- of industry, government, social life, agriculture, endar reform organizations in Argentina, Aus- education, science, religion and all phases of tralia, New Zealand, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, activity. Holidays would be stabilized as to day Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, and date. Religious and secular holidays would be Dominican Republic, Ecuador, England, France, fixed by their respective authorities, and the way Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, would be opened for the Churches to agree upon a Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Spain, Switzer- fixed Easter. The date frequently suggested as land, Turkey, the United States, Uruguay, Vene- nearest the historical date would be April 8th in zuela and Yugoslavia.

The World Calendar. The World Calender rearranges the length of To put a revised calendar into actual operation the familiar 12 months, equalizes the quarters and It is obvious that some kind of international agreehalf-years and makes the calendar perpetual, every ment must be secured. No single nation can act year the same. Equalization of the quarters and alone. It is anticipated that definite international hall-years is accomplished by giving the first action within a year or two, by a nation or group month of every quarter 31 days and each of the of nations, will be inaugurated for the adoption of remaining two months 30 days. Thus the 12- The World Calendar on the last day of December, month year has four months of 31 days and eight 1944. December 31st in that year falls on Sunday, months of 30 days. Every month has exactly 26 which would be considered as the extra Saturday, weekdays in addition to Sundays; the quarters be- the Year-End Day of the new calendar. The World gin on Sunday and end with Saturday, and every Calendar would then be placed in operation on the year begins with Sunday, January 1st. Symmetry. next day, Sunday, January 1, 1945. The working balance, order, and stability are achieved without week would begin with Monday, January 2d, as difficult transitional changes.

New Year's Day being preceded by the Year-End To conform to the necessary 365 days in ordinary Day, the Saturday-World-Holiday, would not reyears and 366 days in leap years, vitally essential quire another celebration on Monday. Year-End if any calendar is to harmonize with the solar Day would not be a day of labor but a World-Holiyear and nake it comparable from year to year, day. The World Calendar adds Year-End Day as an The World Calendar Association, sponsors of extra Saturday at the end of every year after the The World Calendar and the world center of completion of the ,

calendar authority, is located in the International Leap-Year Day, another extra Saturday in leap Building, Rockefeller Center, New York City.

Table of Days Between Two Dates (The table applies to ordinary years only. For leap year, one day must be added after Feb. 28.)

Source: Astronomical Records

1 32 60 91 121 152 182 213 244 274 305 335 366 397 425 456 486 517 547 1609 639 670 700 2 331 61 92 122 153 183 214 245 275 306 336 367 398 426 457 487 518 548 579 610 640 671 701 3 34 62 93 123 154 184 215 246276 307 337 3. 368 399 427 458 488 519 549

641 6721 702 41 35 63 94 124 155 185 216 247 277 308 338 4. 369400) 128 459 489 520 550

421673703 5 36 64 95 125 156 186 217 2481278 309 339 5. 1370 401 429 460 490 521 551 582 613 643 674 704 6 37 65 96 126 157 187 218 249 279 310 340 6. 371 402 430 461 491 522 552 583 614 644 675 705 7 38 66 97 127 158 188 219 250 280 311 341 7. 372 403 431 462 192 523 553 584 615 645 676 706 8) 39 67 98 128 159 189 220 251281312 342 8. 373 404 432 463 493 524 554 585 616 646 677) 707 9

401 68 99 129 160 190 221 252 282 313 343 9. 374 405 433 164 494 525 555 586 617 647 678 708 10 101 41 69 100 130 161 191 222 253 283 314 344 10. 375 406 434 465 495 526 556 587 618 648 679 709 11 11 42 70 101 131 162 192 223 254 284 315 345 11. 376 407 435 466 496 527 557 588 19 649|680710 12 12 431 71 102 132 163 193 224 255 285 316 346 12 377 408 436 467 497 528 558 589 620 6501681711 13 13 44 72 103 133 164 194 225 236 286|317 347 13. 378 409 437 468 498 529 559 590 621 651 682712 14 14 451 73 104 134 165 195 226 257 287 318 348 14. 379 410 438 469 499 530 560 591 652 683 713 151 151 461 74 105 135 166 196 258 288 319 349 15 380 411 439 470 500 531 561 592 623 653 684 714 16 16 47 75 106 136 167 197 28 259 280320 350 16. 381 412 440 471 501 532 562 593 624 654 655 715 17 1748 70 107 137 168 198 229 260 290 321 351 17. 1382 413 441 472 502 533 563594625 055 686716 18 18 491 77 108 138 169 199 230 261 291322 352 18. 3831414 442 473 503 534 564 595 626 656 6S7717 191 1950 78 109 139 170 200 231 2621292 323 353 19 364 415 443 474504 535 565 596 627 657 688 718 20 20 51 79 110 140 171201232 263 293 324 354 20 355 416 444 475 505 536 560 597628 658 650719 21 211 52 80 111 141 172 202 233 264 294 325 355 21. 356 417 445 476 506 537 567 59N 629 659 690 720 22 22 53 81 112 142 173 203 234 265 295 326 356 22. 387 418 446 477 507 539 568 599 630 660 691 721 23 23 54 82 113/143 174 204 235 266 296 327 357 23. 388 419 447 478 508 539 569 600 031 661 92 722 241 24 55) 83 114 144 175 205 236 267 297 328 358 24. 389 420 4481479

601632 662 693 723 251 251 56 84 115 145 176 206 237 268 298 329 359 25. 1390 421 149480510

602 633 663 6041724 26 26 57 85 116 146 177 207 238 269 299 330 360 26. 391 422 450 45151

6031634664695 725 271 27 58 86 117 147 178 208 239 270 300 331 361 27. 1392 423 451 482 512 543 604 635 665 696 726 28 28 59 87 118|148 179 209 240 271 301 332 362 28. 393 424 452 483 513 544 574 605 636 666 697 727 29 29 88 119 149 180 210 241 2721302 333 363 29. 1394 4531841514545 75 600 637 607 698 728 30 30 89 120 150 181 211 242 273 303 334 364 30. 395 454 455 515 546 576607|6381668/699729 31 31 901.../1511...1212 243...304... 365 ||31: 1396 4551 516 577 6081...16691...1730 tion

టలు.

[ocr errors]

+++

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

983

[ocr errors]

96677777777

[ocr errors]

29.9

ఇంట పులుసతులు కూలు.

[ocr errors]

ttttttttttttttttt tot tttt

[ocr errors]

++

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

0000000000000

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small]

CO00000000000

[blocks in formation]

++ ++

The Sun's Right Ascension and Declination, 1942

(Washington--Apparent Noon)
Ap'ar't Ap'are't
Ap'ar't Ap'are't
Ap'ar't Ap'are't

Apart Ap'are't Date, Right Declina Date, Right Declina1942"

Date, Right Declina- | Date, Right DeclinaAsc'n'n tion 1942 Asc'n'n

1942' Asc'n'n

tion

1942 Asc'n'n tion እ ጠ ያ. h. m. s. h. m.8.

h. m. 8 Jan. 1 18 46 27 - 23 0.9 Apr. 1 0 41 42 + 4 29.2 July 6 40 6 +23 7.4 Oct. 1 12 28 56 2 18 50 51 – 22 55.0

2 6 44 14 +23 3.3 2 12 32 33 318 55 16

3 6 48 22 +22 58.7 312 36 11 4 18 59 40

4 6 52 30

4 12 39 49 5 19 4 4

48.4 5 12 43 27 619 827 30.7

42.6 6 12 47 6 719 12 50 23.3

36.4
gli9 17 12

712 50 45
15.5
8.9

g. 12 54 2
919 21 34 - 22 7.3 9 1 10 54 31.3

23.0

9/12 58 1019 25 55 -21 59.6 10

15.6 11 19 30 16

10 13 49.4

11 i 18 15 + 8 15 11 7 21 13 +22 7.9 12 19 34 36 39.9 12 1 21 56

7 25 18 +21 59.8 12 13 13 19 39 55 29.9

13 7 29 22 51.4 13 13 12 49 14 19 43 14 19.5

14! 7 3

42.5 14 13 16 15,19 47 33 -21 8.7 15

33.3

15 13 2015 16 19 51 50 - 20 57.5 161 38

16 74131

16 13 23 17 19 56 7 45.9 17

17 7 45

17 13 18 20 0 23 33.9 18

18 13 19 20 439 21.5 19

19 7 53 36 + 20 52.8 19 13

55.6 20 20 8 53 -- 20 8.8 20

20 7 57 37

20 13 21 20 13 7 9 55.6

30.4

21 13
22 20 1721
42.1

22 8 530 18.7 22 13 46 3
23 20 21 33 28.2

23 8 935 +20 6.7 23 13 60 14.0

+19 54.3 24 13 25 20 29 55 - 18 59.4

41.6

25 13
26 203
44.5

26 8 21 27 28.6 26 14
27 8 25 23 15.2

28 8 29 19 + 19 1.5
- 17 57.6

8 33 14 +
30
41.4

33.2

30 12 31 20 64 43 24.8

31 8 41 31 18.6
May
1.8 Aug.

7 Nov. Feb. 120

48.5 2 21

8 52 41

33.0 321

8 56 33 17.3 421 10:

9 0 24 1.2
5 21 15

6 9 414 +16 44.9 614 44
621 19
39.1

9 8 4 28.3

7 14 48

8 9 11 53 + 16 11.4 8 21 27 0 -15 1.7 9 3 35

9 9 15 42 15 54,3 9.14 921 30 59 – 14 42.6 10 3 745

10 9 19 30 36.9 10 15
10 21 34 57 23.2 11 311

19.2
11 21 38 54 - 1436
12 3 15 35 +

12 15
12 21 42 50 -13 43.81 13 3 19 30

13 15 13 21 46 45

23.7 14 3 23 27 35.4 14 9 34 37 14 21 50 40 – 13 3.5||

14 15
15 3 27 23 +18 49.8 15 9 38 22 +14 6.3

15 152
15 21 54 31-12 43.0 16 3 31 21 +19 3.9 16 9 42 7 +13 47.5 16 15 25 18
16 21 58 28 22.3 17 3 35 19 17.6 17 9 45 511 28.4

17 15 292
17 22 2 20 -12 1.4 18 3 39 17 31.01

18 949 34 +13 9.2

18:15 18 22 612 - 11 40.3 19 3 43 16

44.1

19 9 53 18 + 12 49.8 19 15
19 22 10 4 -11 19.11 20 3 47 15 +19 56.8 20 9 57 0 30.1 2015
20 22 13 54 - 10 57.6|| 21 3 51 16 + 20 9.2

42 +12 10.3 21/15
21 22 17 44 36.0
22 3 55 16

24 +11 50.2

22 15 22 22 21 33 -10 14.3 231 3 59 171

23 10 5 30.0

23 15
23:22 25 22
622
9 52.3 24 4 319

46 +11 9.6 24 15
24 22 29 10 30.3 25 4 721 +20 55.4

26 + 10 49.00
25 22 32 57 981
26 4 11 23 +21 6.0

61 29,3 26 16
26 22 36 44 845.7 27 4 15 27 16.31

46 +10 73 27 7 22 40 30 23.2 28 4 19 30 26 2

25 + 9 46.3 28 22 44 15 – 8 0.6 29 4 23 34 35.7

3 25.0 30 4 27 381 44.9

42 + 9 3.6
Mar,
2 22 51 45 - 7 15.11 June 1 435 48 +22 2.0 Sept.
31 43143 121 53 7

20 + 8 42.1 Dec.
3 22 55 29 - 6522 2 4 39 54 10.1
4 22 59 12
3 444 0 17.7

121
5 23 2 55 - 6 6.0 4 4 48 7 25.0

5 16
5 42.8
4 52 14 31.8
5 10

6:16
7 23 10 20 5 19.61
6 4 56 21 38.3 6 10 59 3

716
823 14 24 56.2
75 0281 44.3 711

8 16 59
9 23 17 44 32.8
8 5 4 361 50.0 811

9 17
10 23 21 251 4 9.3 9 5 8 14 +22 55. 9u 51

10.17
11 23 25 6 - 3 45.3 10 5 12 53 +23 0.1 10 11 13 27 + 5 00 11/17 12
12 23 28 46 - 3 22.2 111 5 17 1

11 11 17 3 + 4 37.2 12 17 164
13 23 32 27 - 2 58.6 12 521 10

12 11 20 38 + 4 143 13 17 21 14:23 36 7 35.01 13 5 25 19

13 11 24 14 + 351 4 14 17 25 32 15 23 3947 - 2113 14 5 29 29

14 u 27 49

15 17 29 58 15.9 16 23 43 26 - 1 476 15 5 3335 18.3

15 11
17 23 47 51
08

18.8
23.9
16 5 37 47
20.8

16 17 34 23

16 11 35 0 + 242 2 1717 38 49 21.3 18 23 50 45 - 10.2 17 541 57 22 8 17 U 38 35 + 2 19.0 1817 43 15 23.3 19 23 54 24 - 0 36.5 18 546 7 24.3 18 11 42 10 + 1 55.8 19 17 47 411 24.9 20 23 58 2 - 0 12.8 19 5 50 18 25.5 19 1 45 151

2017 52 8 25.9 21 0 1 41 + 0 10.9 20 5 54 26 26.31 20 11 49 21 + 1 9.3 2117 56 34 26.5 22 0519 26.6 21 11 52 56 +0 46.0 22 18 1 0

26.7 23 0 858 + 0 58.3 22 6 2 45 26.6 22 11 56 31 + 0 22.6 23.18 5 27

26.3 23 6 6 55 26.1 23 12 017 - 0 0.7 24118 953 25 5 24 6 11 4 25.2 24 12 3421 24.1 25 18 14 20 24.2 25 6 15 14 23.9 25 12 718 - 0 47.5 26 18 18 46

22.5 27 0 23 31

261 6 19 23 222 26 12 10 54 - 1 10.8 27 18 23 12 20.2 28 027 9 + 2 56.0 27 623 32 20.0 27 12 14 30

28 18 27 38 29 0 30 47 + 319.4 28 627 411 17.5 28 12 18 6 - 1 57.6 29 18 32 4 30 0 34 25 + 342 51 29 8 31

150 14.8 29 12 21 42 - 2 20.9 30 18 36 30 31 038 41 + 4 6.0! 30 635 551 +23 11.21 30 12 25 19 - 2 44.21 31118 40 56

[ocr errors][merged small]

721 23

[ocr errors]

++

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

The Sun's Semi-Diameter and Horizontal Parallax

(Washington-Apparent Noon)
Equat.
Equat.

Equat.
Semi- Horiz. 1942 Semi- Horiz. 1942 Semi- Horiz.
Diameter Parallax
Diameter Parallax

Diameter Parallax

1942

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Mercury
14732.420 87.96925 43,355,000 28,566.000 136

50 Venus 5767.670 224.70080! 67.653,000 66,738.000 161

25 Earth

3548.193 365.25636 94,452.000 91.342.000 Mars 1886.519 686.9797 154,760.000 128.330.000

*248

35 Jupiter 299.128 4332.588 506.710.000 459,940,000 600

367 Saturn 120.455 10759.20 935,570,000 836,700.000 1028

744 Uranus. 42.231 30685.93 1,866,800,000 1,698,800,000 1960

1606 Neptune 21.535 60187.64 2.817,400.000 2,769,600,000 2910

2677 Pluto. 14.325 90470. 4,300,000,000 2,750,000,000 4400

2700 Jupiter has 4 large and 7 small satellites, or moons, revolving around it; Saturn has 9; Uranus, 4; Neptune, 1; the Earth, 1; Mars, 2. Name Eccentricity

Synodical

Inclination of Orbital Velocity of

of
Revolution
Orbit to

Miles
Planet
Orbit

Days
Ecliptic*

Per Second

[ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

.

63

D. H. M. R.

Pct. F. Sun. 15 59.6 432196 1300000333434. 0.26

25 9 7 12
27.9

+ 12,000 Mercury

3.3
5.4 1504 0.055 0.04 0.68 87 23 15 43

0.3
7

600 Venus. 8.4 30.4 3788 0.876 0.83 0.94 $224 16 49 9 0.9

59

08 Earth.

3959
1.000 1.000 1.00 23 56 4 1.0 44

59 Moon. is 32.6 1080 0.020 0.012 0.60 27 7 43 12 0.2

+ 200 Mary 4.7 8.9 2108 0.150 0.1081 0.71

24 37 23 0.4 15

60 Jupiter 1 35.2 22.6 43341 1312. 318.4 0.24

9 56 41
2.6 56

270 Saturn. 1 19.0 9.2 36166 763. 95.2 0.12

10 14 24 1.2 63

330 Uranus 34.3 1.9 154391 59. 14.66 0.25 10 8

0.9

380 Neptune 36.6 1.3 16466 72.

17.16
0.24
15 40

1.0
73

400 "At mean distance.

The planet Pluto was an object of search for by new methods, is about 0.83 of the mass of the many years in accordance with predictions made earth. Its average distance from the Sun is about by Dr. Percival Lowell, founder and director of 3.700.000.000 miles. Perihelion will occur in 1989 the Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, Arizona. It was and Aphelion in 2114. It lies in the constellation finally located by C. W. Tombaugh of that observa- of Cancer. During 1942 its position in the sky will tory and public announcement made on March 13. range in right ascension from 8h 28m to 8h 45 m 1930. Its mass, according to a recent determination and in declination from + 23° 10° to + 23° 57'.

in

m

Eclipses in 1942
FIVE ECLIPSES DUE

CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE ECLIPSE
Three of Sun, Two of Moon

Greenwich Mean Time
In the year 1942 there will be five eclipses, three

db of the Sun and two of the Moon.

Eclipse begins

August 12 2 8.4 a.m. Greatest eclipse,

August 12 2 44.8 a.m. I. A Total Eclipse of the Moon, March 2-3. 1942, Eclipse ends

August 12 3 20.8 a.m. visible in the United States as a partial eclipse; the beginning visible in the extreme northeastern

IV. A Total Eclipse of the Moon, August 25-26,

1942, visible in the United States; the beginning part of North America, also generally in Asia except the extreme eastern part, in the Indian Ocean,

visible in North America except the northwestern

and extreme Europe, Africa, the Atlantic Ocean and eastern

western part, in South America, and central South America; the ending visible in

Central America, the southeastern part of the North America except the extreme northwestern

Pacific Ocean, Greenland, the Atlantic Ocean, and part, in Greenland, and generally in western Asia,

generally in southwestern Asia, the western part Europe, Africa, South America, the western part

of the Indian Ocean, Europe and Africa: the endof the Indian Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean and the ing visible in North America except the extreme eastern part of the Pacific Ocean.

northwestern part, Central America, South America, the eastern part of the Pacific Ocean, the

Atlantic Ocean and generally in southwestern CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE ECLIPSE

Europe, in part of the British Isles and the Eastern Standard Time

western part of Africa. dh

CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE ECLIPSE Moon enters penumbra. March 2 4 27.6 p.m.

Eastern Standard Time
Moon enters umbra

March 2 5
31.3 p.m.

d h Total eclipse begins March 2 6 33.2 p.m. Moon enters penumbra. August 25

8 Middle of the eclipse

1.7 p.m. March 2 7

21.5 p.m.

Moon enters umbra. ... August 25 9 Total eclipse ends

0.5 p.m. March 2 8 9.8 p.m.

10 Moon leaves umbra

Total eclipse begins.

0.9 p.m.

August 25
March 2

11.5 p.m.
9
Middle of the eclipse.

10 Moon leaves penumbra..

48.0 p.m.

August 25
March 2 10

15.0 p.m.

Total eclipse ends August 25 11 35.0 p.m. Magnitude of the eclipse = 1.567

Moon leaves umbra August 26 12 35.3 a.m. (Moon's diameter = 1.0)

Moon leaves penumbra... August 26 1 34.0 a.m.

Magnitude of the eclipse = 1.541 II. A Partial Eclipse of the Sun, March 16-17,

(Moon's diameter = 1.0) 1942, not visible in the United States; visible in

V. A Partial Eclipse of the Sun, September 10, Antarctica, in the southern Pacific Ocean and in

1942, not visible in the United States. This eclipse the southern part of the Indian Ocean,

begins at sunrise in the Arctic Ocean northeast of

Alaska and ends at sunset in the Mediterranean CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE ECLIPSE

Sea south of Sicily. It is visible in the northern Greenwich Mean Time

part of North America, except Alaska, in the north

ern part of the Atlantic Ocean, the Arctic Ocean,

d h m Eclipse begins

Greenland, Europe, Asia Minor, the Mediterranean March 16 9

44.5 p.m.

Sea except the eastern end and on the north coast Greatest eclipse

March 16 11

36.7 p.m.

of Africa Eclipse ends

It will attain nearly maximum size at March 17 1 29.4 a.m.

the north cape of Norway. Magnitude of greatest eclipse = 0.639

CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE ECLIPSE (Sun's diameter = 1.0)

Greenwich Mean Time

d h m III. A Partial Eclipse of the Sun, August 12, 1942, Eclipse begins

September 10 1

57.1 p.m. not visible in the United States.

Greatest eclipse. September 10 3

39.1 p.m. This is a small eclipse, about one-eighteenth of

Eclipse ends

September 10 5

21.4 p.m. the Sun's surface being obscured at the maximum and is visible only in a small part of the Antarctic

Magnitude of the eclipse = 0.523 Ocean south of the Indian Ocean.

(Sun's diameter = 1.0)

[ocr errors]

Comets, Meteors Donati's was the finest comet of the nineteenth A comet increases in brilliancy as it approaches century and is known as the typical comet. In

the sun and fades rapidly as it departs. There are

three parts, nucleus, coma, and tail; the nucleus October, 1858, its tall reached halfway from the

is supposed to be composed of stones or particles of horizon to the zenith. Its period is 2,000 years. dust. One can see stars through comets. COMETS THAT HAVE MADE PERIHELION PASSAGES

Long. of

From Period

Year Peri- Aphel- Inclina- Asc. Asc.
Due to

in
of helion ion

tion to Node on Node to
Name
Return Years Disc. Dist. Dist. Ecliptic Ecliptic Perihl'n

Deg.

Deg. Deg. Gregg-Skjellerup May 1942 5.02 1902 0.89 4.94

216 Wolf I

355 June 1942 8.28 1884 2.43 5.50 27

161

204 Perrine.. Sept. 1942 6.58 1896 1.19 4.57

242

167 Tempel-Swift Oct. 1942 5.68 1869 1.15 5.21

290

114 Neumin II. Apr. 1943 5.43

1916 1.38

4.90
11 328

194 Schaumasse Aug. 1943 7.95 1900

1.17 6.80

15
91

46 D'Arrest Sept. 1943 6.68 1851 1.36 5.71

18
144

174 Comas Sola. Apr 1944 8.54

1927 1.78
6.58

66
Encke
Aug. 1944 3.29 1786

0.33
2. 20

335

185 Metcall Mar 1945 7.73 1906

1.63
3.92
13 190

203 Pons Winnecke July 1945 6.15 1819 1.04

2.06
20
96

170 Kopfy Oct. 1945 6.56

1906
1.70 3 27

264

20 Tempel II Apr 1946 5.18 1873 1.33 4.87

13
120

187 Borrelly July 1946 6.87 1904 1.40 5.87

77

353 Brooks II. Sept. 1946 6.94 1889 1.87 5.40

6
177

196 Finlay Mar. 1947 6.85 1886

1.06
6.16

3

45 321 Faye Oct. 1947 7.42 1843 1.60 5.97

11
206

200 Taylor Nov. 1947 6.37 1915 1.56 3.52

16
114

355 Whipple Aug. 1948 7.50 1933 2.48 5. 16

10
189

191 Tempel I Apr. 1966 33.36 1866 2.10 9.50 163

234

173 Halley 1985 76.02 240 B.C. 0.59 35.32 162

57

112 The largest meteorite of which the date of fall is another 80 lbs., and there were many small pieces. known is the one which crashed to earth on Feb. The next largest meteorite of which the date of 17, 1930, about 14 miles southwest of Paragould, fall is known is the one which fell at Knyahinya, Ark. It split into fragments. One weighed 820 lbs., Hungary, on June 9, 1866. It weighed 647 pounds.

77651584330931

40

« 上一頁繼續 »