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116 U.S.The Labor Situation in 1941; Strikes; Liquor Monopolies

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is skilled. 39.4 semi-skilled and 24.5 unskilled!

During the year, the A. F. of L.-C. I. o. dispute remained in status quo, the one important publicized development being the referendum vote of the International Typographical Union, suspended by the A. F. of L. for refusing to pay a special assessment, since removed, to return to the fold.

Undercover efforts to iron out the difficulty continued with the most optimistic reporting some progress.'

The year closed with the more responsible leaders giving serious thought to what may come when defense efforts will slow down or cease. Already priorities threaten dislocation of the building and construction trades in 1942 and printing and publishing face drastic restrictions in the flow of material with the chief threat affecting magazines and periodicals.

How seriously the coming of peace is considered may be judged by the declaration of George Meany, Secretary of the American Federation of Labor, that unless adequate plans are now made the depression of the early 1930's will be a pink tea compared to what we will experience."

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Yr. Strikes

Workers Man-
In vol. days Idle

No. 19171 4,450 1918) 3,353 1919 3.630 1920) 3,411 1921 2,385 1922 1,112 1923 1,553 19241 1,249

Strikes in the United States

Source: United States Department of Labor
Workers Man-

Workers Man-
Invol.
days Idle
Yr. Strikes Invol.

days Idle Yr. Strikes
No.
No.
No. No.

No.

No
1,227,254
1925 1,301 428,416)

1933 1,695
1,239,989
1926 1,035 329,592

1934 1.856
4,160,348

1927 707 329,939 26,218,628||1935] 2.014
1,463,054

1928
604

314,210/12,631,863||1936 2,172
1,099,247

1929 921 288,572 5,351,540||1937 4.470 1,612,562

1930 637 182,975 3,316,808||1938 2,772 756,584

1931 810 341,817 6,893,244|1939 2,613 654,6411.

1932 841 324,210 10,502,05. Ili940 2,508

No.

No. 1,168,272 16,872,128 1,466,695 19,591,949 1,117,213 15.456,337

788,648 13,901,956 1.860.621/28.424.857

688.376 9,148,273 1,170,962|17,812,219 576,9881 6,700,872

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em.

em

Number of Workers Involved in Strikes in 11 Industries Related to National Defense

No.
Propor-

No.

Proportion in

tion in Industry ployees volved

Industry

ployees volved All industries 2,371,7001 out of 17| Engine manufacturing

52,200 1 out of 98 Aircraft. 90.100 1 out of 14 Explosives

7,600 1 out of 36 Aluminum

28,300 1 out of 3 Foundries and machine shops. 402,600 1 out of 23 Automobiles 447,600 1 out of 17 Machine tools..

66.000 1 out of 97 Blast furn., st'l wks., roll, mills 483,700 1 out of 24 Sawmills, log. campe, millwk 459,800 1 out of 13 Electrical machinery. 240,1001 out of 271 Shipbuilding.

93,700 1 out of 6

16 State Liquor Monopolies Do $264,500,000 Business There are 16 States which own and operate alcoholic beverage monopolies and they take in an annual gross revenue of more than $264,500,000 and a profit of more than $58,000,000, the United States Census Bureau announces. The following table shows receipts, profits and expenditures per family. Expendi

ExpendiState Receipts Profits tures per State Receipts Profits tures per Family

Family Alabama $8,443,000 $2,252.000 $12.53 Oregon

$8.532,000 $1,779,000 $25.26 Idaho 3,630,000 760,000 25.61 Pennsylvania,

73,233,000 16,708,000 29.11 Iowa 11,427,000 2,386,000 16.28 Utah

4,066,000 886,000 29.15 Maine 5,708,000 1,787,000 26.06 Vermont

1,628,000 27.000 17.61 Michigan 36,658,000 8,344.000 26.26 Virginia

17.557.000 5.019,000 27.97 Montana 5,658,000 1,546,000 35.37

Washington

17.767.000 4,128,000 33.03 New Hampshire. 3,918,000 995,000 29.46 West Virginia 12,239,000 3.293,000 27.51 Ohio 52,199,000 7,838,000) 27.50 Wyoming

1,870,000 299.000 26.95 The average per family is $26.22, or about $6.90 per capita, In Alabama and some of the other States there are dry counties, under local option.

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RECORD OF THE YEAR Chronology, Dec. 1, 1940 - Nov. 30, 1941

1940-DECEMBER Dee. 1-General Manuel Avila Camacho, 43, for

mer Secretary of War, became Mexico's Presi

dent, succeeding Lazaro Cardenas. Dec. 2-President Roosevelt has signed a bill expanding the 1918 Anti-Espionage Act to make sabotage & Federal offense in peacetime as well as during war, with maximum penalties of $10,000

fine and ten years in jail. -An Indo-Chinese communique said that Thai

(Siam) troops took over Bandong Island, in the

Mekong River, below Vientiane. Dec. 3—Collision of two express trains at Velillade

Ebro, 30 miles from Saragoosa, Spain, killed

more than 40 persons and injured 80. Dec. 4-A United Air Lines plane from Cleveland

fell 150 feet and hit a house near the edge of Chicago Airport. The wreckage took fire; nine of the 16 persons aboard were killed and the others were injured. It was snowing at the time and there was some ice on the wings. The plane was several hours late. - In the World's Fair grounds, New York City, six men were killed and two injured when a false ceiling in the Railroads Exhibit, which was being demolished, collapsed and they fell with it. Dec. 5-An epidemic of mild influenza is sweeping

over California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Arizona and New Mexico at a speed approaching

the spread of the 1918 pandemic. Dec. 6-In New Haven, Conn., Lily Pons_(Mrs.

Andre Kostelanetz), singer, renounced her French citizenship and took the oath of allegiance to

the United States. Dec. 9Adhemar Raynault was elected Mayor of

Montreal and leader of a council of 97 men and two women. He succeeds Camillien Houde, still technically Mayor but powerless, having been confined to an internment camp for violating the

defense of Canada regulations. --Mexico City, the Federal District, and four sur

rounding States, moved their clocks ahead one hour from central standard time to save elec

tricity. -'Madre Conchita", a nun, sentenced in 1928 to

20 years in prison as the intellectual author's of President-elect Alvaro Obregon's assassina

tion, went free on pardon in Mexico City. -Henri Bergson, philosopher, has resigned from

the College of France at Paris in a protest against anti-Semitic laws. A Jew, he refused exemption offered by the government from the laws for his literary and artistic services to the

nation." Dec. 10- The Duke of Windsor, Governor General

of the Bahamas, and his wife, arrived at Miami Beach, Fla., where the Duchess was relieved, in St. Francis Hospital, of her wisdom tooth. The Duke, by official invitation, was conveyed by a U. S. Naval patrol bombing plane Dec. 13 to the cruiser Tuscaloosa, and visited President Roosevelt in the Bahamas. The Windsors returned to Nassau Dec. 17 on the private yacht, Southern Cross. -The Swiss Parliament elected Ernest Wetter to

succeed Marcel Pilet-Golaz as president Jan. 1,

1941. Dec. 11-In Washington, at a Congressional Com

mittee hearing, C. F. Preller, representing the Electrical Workers Union there, Local No. 26 of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (A. F. L.), testified that its initiation fee for the last 17 years and at present was $300

and dues of $7.50 a month. Dec. 12-Gen. J. B. M. Hertzog. who quit as

Prime Minister of South Africa when Parliament rejected his plans to keep the Union neutral at the outbreak of the war, and N. C. Havenga, his Finance Minister at that time, resigned from

Parliament. -The body of the Duke of Reichstadt, son of

Napoleon and the Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria, was exhumed from the Capuchin mausoleum, the Hapsburg family vault in Vienna, for shipment to Paris, where, on Dec. 15. it was

reinterred in the Invalides in Napoleon's Tomb. -In the Sea of Marmara, near Istanbul, a sailing

vessel, Salvator, with 300 Jewish refugees from

Bulgaria aboard, sank in a storm: 223 drowned. Dec. 15-A popular vote in Panama favored the

proposed new constitution, with fewer than 800 out of 100.000 against it. The Supreme Court accepted it Dec. 28. - The new Sixth Avenue Subway, in New York City, began public operation one minute after midnight.

Dec. 16--The authority of the Federal Government

over streams is "as broad as the needs of commerce.' The Supreme Court of the United States, 6 to 2 (Justices Roberts, McReynolds) ruled against the contention of the Appalachian Electric Power Co., that because the New River was not navigable, the commission, under the Federal Power Act of 1920, could not force the corporation to operate its $12,000,000 dam and power plant near Radford' in southwestern Virginia, under a commission license. For the majority, Justice Reed held that the New River was navigable within the law, because it could

be made navigable by improvements. -The State delegates of the Electoral College,

consisting of the chosen presidential electors in each of the 48 States, met in the several States as provided by the Constitution (first Monday after the second Wednesday in December) and elected Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A.

Wallace as President and Vice President. Dee, 17-An explosion in a Cincinnati tenement

killed 13 persons, among them a baby born to Mrs. Lillian Schnetzer, 42, while she lay buried in wreckage. Mrs. Schnetzer, her husband, Frank, and four other children in the family

also perished. Dec. 18-Five Army officers and a private from

Much Field were killed when their 22-ton bombing plane crashed into Marion Mountain in the San Bernardino Calif.) National Forest. - The U. S. House upheld President Roosevelt's veto of the Logan-Walter bill which would subject rulings and regulations of administrative agencies to court review. The vote was 153 to override against 127 to sustain the veto, two

thirds being necessary to override. Dec. 19--In Helsinki, the Electoral College, 288 to

12, chose Risto Ryti, 51, as President of Finland to succeed Kyosti Kallio, resigned; later Kallio,

67, fell dead from a heart attack. Dec. 20—Slight tremors, originating, it was

guessed, 25 to 50 miles underground, south of Lake Ossipee, N. H., and lasting not more than half a minute at about 2:28 A. M., were felt throughout New England, New York State as far west as Rochester and

and Toronto, Ontario, and Ottawa in Canada; all of New Jersey and several points in Pennsylvania, in

cluding Philadelphia. Dec. 22-Military supplies for Chiang Kai-shek's

Chinese Government are being shipped from the United States to the port of Vladivostok, thence by railroad to Chita or Verkneudinsk, forwarded to the Soviet-Outer Mongolian border and then sent, by trucks, camels, donkeys and mule carts,

to the towns of Lanchow and Ningsia. -In the disputed Indo-China-Siam (Thailand)

border region & 'violent battle" took place. Both sides used artillery and machine guns, with the heaviest firing being across the Mekong River between Thai units around Panom and French units near Thakek. More than 100 shells struck

in Thai territory. Dec. 23-A Naval Reserve plane landed safely on

Floyd Bennet Field, Brooklyn, N. Y., after colliding with a private monoplane; the latter fell into Deep Creek, killing the two occupants. In Cuba, near San Luis, Oriente Province, a U. S. Navy bombing plane fell in a thunder storm.

The two occupants were burned to death. Dec. 24-An earthquake originating deep under

Ossipee, N. H., or thereabout, was felt at 8:34 A M., throughout New England and the southern

border of Eastern Canada -The Pope, in an address to the College of

Cardinals, said: "As long as the rumble of armaments continues in the stark reality of this war it is scarcely possible to expect any definite acts in the direction of the restoration of morally,

juridically imprescriptible rights.' Dec, 25-In Bethlehem, in the Holy City, the lights

were out during Christmas services. In Europe, German and British warplanes did not leave the ground. In the United States, more than 165 deaths were caused by auto traffic and more than 50 by fires. King George in London, the Duke of Windsor in Nassau, in the Bahamas, radioed

to the world their hopes for a just peace. Dec. 31-In the U. S. District Court in New York

City, Howard C. Hopson, head of the Associated Gas and Electric system, was convicted of mail fraud. He was acquitted of conspiracy. His lawyers. Charles M. Travis and Garrett A Brownback, were acquitted. Hopson later was sentenced to five years in prison.

1941---JANUARY

also limit to two years the grant of powers to Jan. 1-New Year's revelry was fatal to 170 persons

the President. in the United States.

-Germany and Russia signed an economic agree-In Germany there went into effect a law by ment; also one defining their common territorial which Jews must pay 15 per cent additional gross

boundaries. income tax to compensate for their "social in

Jan. 12-In Quita, Ecuador, Civil Guards stoned feriority."

the Presidential mansion and attacked police in Jan. 2-The last of the Christian Front cases of

an attempt to release aviators from Quito jail, young men charged with conspiracy to overthrow

They were dispersed by officers using guns and the U. S. Government were disposed of in the

tear-gas bombs. One man was killed and several Federal Court in Brooklyn, N. Y., when the

were wounded. following defendants were discharged and their -The 25,269 passenger steamship, Manhattan, prosecution dropped: Capt. John T. Prout. Jr., bound from New York City on a West IndiesJohn A. Viebrock, William H. D. Bushnell, Jr.,

Panama cruise, ran aground off Palm Beach, Fla. Macklin Boettger and William Gerald Bishop.

The 199 passengers were taken off the next day. Previously, 90 others were acquitted, another

The vessel was refloated Feb. 3. committed suicide during the trial, and the Ján. 13- The U.S. Supreme Court confirmed, charges against two were dismissed during the

unanimously (Justice Murphy not participating). trial

the constitutionality of the espionage act of 1917 - The Hungarian Meteorological Institute states

which makes it a crime to obtain or transmit any that 1940 was the coldest year since 1825, when it

"information respecting the national defense began keeping its records.

to be used to the injury of the United States or -Panama's new Constitution became effective and to the advantage of any foreign nation", friend at a meeting in the National Stadium the cere

or toe. mony of allegiance was led by President Arnulfo -The official Turkish news agency reported a Arias.

"very heavy loss of human lives and material Jan. 3--The 77th Congress opened at noon in

damage in & flood near Alexandretta. It was Washington. Speaker Sam Rayburn was re

reported several hundred persons had drowned elected Vice President Garner swore in the

near the Turkish border when the Asi River Senate members. South Trimble of Kentucky,

overflowed. was reelected Clerk of the House.

Jan. 14-In Brooklyn, N. Y., six men were burned -The last session of the House, 76th Congress,

to death and four of ten other employes who third session, was held Jan. 2.

were singed were in critical condition when a Jan. 4-A Navy transport plane hit, in a rain

bucket of paint caught fire on top of a kerosene storm, a granite boulder on Mother Grundy Peak, heater in a box factory. The plant destroyed 35 miles southeast of San Diego, Calif.; 11 fliers 2,100 unfinished raw pine lockers, last of a U.S. were killed, including four who had parachuted

Government order for 25,000 to be kept by soldiers on Jan. 2 from another Navy plane near Lamesa,

under their cots at the army base. Texas.

-Also in New York City (Manhattan) two brother Jan. 5-A resolution barring Communists. Nazis gunmen and ex-convicts, Anthony (Angelo), 35,

and Faseists from national or local office in the and Joseph (William) Esposito, 33, were caught Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding

by the police after a $649 hold-up in which a Workers of America, C. I. O., was adopted by

messenger and a policeman (E. F. Maher) were the union's general executive board in Camden, fatally shot, a cabman seriously wounded, a bank N. J.

guard hit in the shoulder, and Angelo or -Mrs. Cornelia Allerdice, 43, and her son Anthony, Anthony Esposito had been shot in the right leg. 7, died of suffocation in Indianapolis, Ind.

The brothers carried 6 pistols and 136 cartridges. despite the efforts of another son, David Aller- The hold-up occurred in an elevator in a building dice, Jr., Princeton University football star, to at 34th St. and 5th Avenue. save them. David, Jr., was burned, as was his - The body of Elsie Owen, violin teacher, wife of father, vice president of the Kingan Packing Co. Prof. Arthur Z. James, 56, language expert, was The father died.

found in their home, Hampstead, England. Her -Miss Amy Johnson, aviatrix, was drowned when skull had been fractured. Her husband, 56, testiher parachute plunged into the Thames estuary,

fied he had killed her to save her from a bleak England.

future". He was found guilty of slaying, but Jan. 6-The U. S. Supreme Court ruled unani- was judged insane, and was put in custody mously that the National Labor Relations

Jan. 15-The Venezuelan Congress ratified a treaty (Wagner) Act required an employer to sign a

with Brazil providing for peaceful settlement of written contract with a union when a collective any controversies between the two nations. The bargaining agreement has been reached, even treaty, signed in Caracas in July, 1940, has been though the law does not say so in so many words.

ratified by Brazil. The H. J. Heinz Co. had contested the authority

- In a proclamation dated at Rome, Alfonso XIII, of the NLRB to require it to sign a contract with

who fed from Madrid April 14, 1931, announced a local of the A, F. of L. Canning and Pickle renunciation of all his claims to the throne of Workers' Union. The company had agreed to Spain in favor of his son, Prince Juan, 27, husthe union's terms after bargaining and con- band of Princess Maria Mercedes of the Two tended that it met the requirements of the law Sicilies branch of the House of Bourbon-Anjou. by posting notices to this effect on the bulletin Jan. 16- Bolivia and Chile signed, in La Paz, a boards.

non-aggression pact. - The Court, in another decision, upheld the

- In the Gulf of Slam, the French Asiatic squadron $50,000,000 awards on claims arising from the attacked the main force of the Thai navy. explosions of World War munitions at Black

---An army bomber plane from McChord Field, Ton Island and Kingsland, N. J., in 1916-17.

Wash., for Muroc, Calif., crashed 20 miles south

west of Morton, Wash.; seven aboard were killed. -In joint session, the Congress, after the tellers had counted the Electoral votes, State by State,

Jan. 17-In Hungary, 12 persons were killed when announced that Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry

an airplane on the regular Budapest-Maros

Vasarhely flight crashed in landing near NagyA Wallace had received 449 votes for President

Varad airdrome. and Vice President, and Wendell L. Willkie and

Jan. 18-The Thai (Siamese) flag was raised over Charles L. McNary had received 82.

the French Protectorate of Cambodia, in French Jan. 8-The Panama National Assembly adopted

Indo-China, for the first time in more than 50 unanimously a resolution in support of the message sent by President Arnuflo Arias to President

years.

Jan. 19-Planes bombed Luang Prabang, capital Roosevelt offering cooperation in hemisphere

of Laos Province, which 60 years ago was burned defense.

by the Siamese before the French colonists took -Martial law was proclaimed in the Thai (Siamese)

over. Pakkin-Dun and Ream, a seaport in army, provinces bordering French Indo-China.

southern Cambodia, also were bombed. Jan. 9-The Thai (Siamese) army, supported by -The German (swastika) flag was ripped off the 90 planes, invaded Cambodia.

staff at the German consulate in San Francisco --Japanese air raids along the East River in China by two American sailors on leave from the Naval

killed 200 persons, including the Matron of St. Hospital. Berlin complained, Washington apoloJoseph's Hospital in Waichow.

gized, and later the sailors were convicted of Jan. 10-In Congress, a bill (the "Lend-Lease' malicious mischief. Sentences of 90 days in jail

bill) was introduced, giving President Roosevelt were suspended. personal authority to have manufactured or pro- Jan, 20-Envoys of Germany, Italy, Japan and 53 cured any war materials and to transfer such other countries, including Soviet Russia, atmaterials to any nations of the world in the tended, as invited witnesses, the inauguration of interest of American defense. This was followed Franklin D. Roosevelt for a third term as Presion Jan. 13 by a bill to amend, by limiting aid at dent of the United States. The ceremonies were present to Britain and Ireland but would reserve held on the steps of the Capitol, in Washington. to Congress the right to designate any other The oath to support the Constitution was adnations to be helped. The amended bill would ministered by Chief Justice Hughes of the Su-' preme Court. Henry A. Wallace had been sworn owned by Norwood F. Allman, American memin five minutes before as Vice President by his ber of the Shanghai Municipal Council, was shot retiring predecessor, John Nance Garner.

dead on leaving a cabaret. -The U.S. Supreme Court ruled (Justices Hughes, -President Fulgenio Batista took personal com

Stone, McReynolds dissenting) that the Federal mand of the Cuban Army, Navy and national Government is paramount in its power over police forces, after army guards threw up sandaliens (a law for registration of foreign born bags inside the Palace, and mounted machine was enacted by Congress last year); and there- guns at the entrance. Col. Jose Pedraza, exfore a Pennsylvania alien registration law was Army Chief, Lieut. Col. Garcia, ex-Police Chief illegal.

and several others got by plane to Florida, inJan. 21--The fishing schooner Mary E. O'Hara cluding, later (by boat) Col. A. A. Gonzales, split open in a collision with a barge, off Boston former Navy Chiet. Harbor, and sank; 18 of the crew of 23 were Feb. 4-Near Laurel Hills, Northport, L. I., N. Y. drowned as the fell from th rigging, one an Army pursuit plane going at an estimated one, when their hands froze.

speed of 8 miles a minute, crashed when the left Jan 22-Japan offered to mediate the border dis- wing fiew off. It carried with it a part of the

pute between French Indo-China and Thailand tail. They landed a mile away. The plane cut (Slam). The offer was made to representatives through a group of poplars and was ground to of the French Governor General, Admiral Jean

pieces. Lieut. Sherman E. Denny was killed. Decoux, in Hanoi. Col. Tatsuji Koike, acting Feb. 5-Japanese troops, going overland from Bias head of the Japanese military mission, and Bay supported by planes, have occupied ShayConsul General Yasushi Hayashi acted for

uchung and Tamshui, northeast of Hong Kong, Japan, on instructions from Tokyo. Vichy ac- in the Mirs Bay area, partly cutting the route to cepted the offer.

Shiukwan by which supplies entered Free China Jan. 23-The 12-ton, $135,000 Transcontinental and from Abroad.

Western sleeper plane, bound from Los Angeles --Ten men working in a quilt factory in New for St. Louis, hit a tree in banking for a landing

Haven, Conn., were burned to death. at the Lambert Field there and crashed. The

-In New York City a "New Deal in Education" pilot and a passenger were killed and 12 others

went into effect when thousands of public school were injured.

children took time out for a period of religious ---Part of 13th Century Dublin Castle that housed

instruction in various churches and centers. the Eire government offices, including, those of

Feb. 6-A Trans-Canadian Airline plane from the government censor, was destroyed by fire.

Montreal, bound for Winnipeg, crashed when Valuables, furnishings and records also were

about to land at Armstrong. 391 miles east of its burned.

destination; the twelve persons aboard were Jan. 27-The Province of Silesia, with a popula

killed. tion of 7,500,000, has been split, by decree of

----An Army bordbing plane equipped with experiChancellor Hitler, into Upper and Lower Silesia.

mental apparatus to reduce hazards of Arctic Jan. 28-Gen. Francisco Franco put all Spanish

flying, smashed into Ragged Top Mountain in railroads under government ownership and oper

Nevada, killing its crew Ou eight. ation, to relieve the food shortage.

-On Long Island, N. Y., an Army Air Corps pilot Jan. 30Japanese dispatches from Saigon, French was killed and another hurt when their Curtiss

Indo-China, said that an armistice agreement P-40 pursuit monoplanes collided and locked 2,000 ending hostilities between Thailand and Indo

feet during combat practice and crashed in China had been signed at noon aboard the

flames. Japanese cruiser Natori. The armistice was for Feb. 7-Opposition to the creation of TVA, "power 15 days, beginning Jan. 28.

yardsticks west of the Mississippi River was Jan. 31-In Montevideo, the Regional (Economic) voted in Denver at a Governor's Council on State

Conference of the River Plate approved a draft Rights. The resolution said the Arkansas Valley convention suspending operation of the most- plan would jeopardize continued agricultural favored-nation clause in dealings among Argen

development in the West and would place in tina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. jeopardy "hundreds of thousands of farm The Conference, first of its kind, closed Feb. 6. homes. 1941- FEBRUARY

-In Tokyo, Foreign Minister Matsuoka of Japan

opened the Thailand Indo-China peace conierFeb. 1-William Gibbs McAdoo, 77, lawyer, builder

ence with a reaffirmation of Japan's "greater of the New York-New Jersey Hudson Tubes, for

East Asia" policy. The head of the Thailand mer Secretary of the Treasury, and lately U. S.

delegates gave his nation's conception of the Senator from California, died in Washington, of

Japanese policy as "prosperity for each, stability a heart attack.

for all." Feb. 2-Princeton trustees issued this rule: "Intoxi- -Chile and Peru signed agreements to foster cation or disorder and bad manners arising from better relations and calling for joint defense of the use of liquor are particularly serious offenses their strip of the Pacific Coast under the prinand will subject the student involved to the pen- ciples embodied in Pan-American agreements at alty of suspension or dismissal from the uni- the Havana conference. versity." The order took the place of the one Feb. 9-Earthquakes were felt in Eureka, Calif., 195 years old, forbidding liquor in students' and were recorded on seismographs in Berkeley, rooms.

Calif., St. Louis University and in New York Feb. 3-The U, S. Supreme Court, 8-0 (Justice MC- City (Fordham University.)

Reynolds had retired) upheld the Federal Wage-Japanese shelling of Mekong River bridges on and Hour Law. The decision reversed a 1918 the Burma Road has reduced traffic between ruling of the same tribunal which had denied to Chungking and the sea by that route, and is Congress the power to outlaw child labor.

In

diverting Chiang Kai-8 's munitions to the 1924 & Constitutional Amendment was submit- route via Vladivostok, Chita and Lanchow. ted to the country, authorizing Congress "to Feb. 10-Gen. Walter G. Krivitsky, 41, of New York limit, regulate and prohibit the labor of persons City, who had been, he said, a former chief of under 18 years of age." It has been ratified by

the Russian secret army intelligence service, 28 States; 36 States are required. The Wage and under Stalin, was found shot to death, a pistol Hour Law (Fair Labor Standards Act) prohibits nearby, in a hotel in Washington, where he had the employment of children under 16 in mining roomed as Walter Poref. His real name, it was and manufacturing and of children under 18 in stated, was Samuel Ginsberg. The police said hazardous occupations, but its chief purposes are that Poref, on Feb. 7, bought in Charlottesville, to fix minimum wages and maximum working Va., the pistol and 50 dum-dum bullets, when he hours for all workers whose products enter in

was visiting Eitel W. Dobert, a former German terstate commerce. Justice Stone ruled that Con

Storm-trooper. The police listed the death as a gress was empowered to prevent shipment in suicide; friends said he feared assassination by a interstate commerce of materials produced by Soviet spy and was scared into putting a bullet in employees receiving less or working longer than his head the standards set in the act.

-The U. S. Supreme Court refused to review a --The same Court, 5 to 2, held that disputes be- Federal Circuit Court of Appeals order upholding

tween labor unions are not, under the Sherman the National Labor Relations Board in its order Anti-Trust Act, subject to court review. The case to the Ford Motor Company to reinstate 23 was that of Carpenters Union officials who had employees who had been discharged for alleged been indicted on charges of seeking to force An- union activity. The Supreme Court, in two heuser-Busch, Inc., a brewing company of St. other decisions, held that picketing activities Louis, to turn over to their union the millwright may be en joined if attended by violence, but that work involved in the erecting and dismantling of they may not be enjoined merely because the machinery, although the work was being done by pickets were not employed at the place they were the International Association of Machinists (also picketing

A. F. L.) under a contract with the company. Feb. 11-The U. S. House, 353 to 6, voted to extend -In Shanghai, King Hua-ting, editor of "Shun for 15 months the life of the (Dies) Committee

Pao", a pro-Chunking vernacular newspaper which is investigating un-American activities.

- Japan celebrated the 2601st anniversary of the Moscow for one year. The agreement is based founding of the Empire. There were rites before on barter. the Shinto shrines and mass parades of military -A truckload of ice cutters from Montreal was and civic organizations to the Emperor's palace crossing the St. Lawrence River when the to lay the devotion of the people at his feet. The vehicle broke through and sank in 50 feet of traditional imperial banquet in the Homel Hall water; u of the 17 men were drowned. of the Imperial Palace, was dispensed with this Feb. 26-Following a proclamation in Amsterdam, time.

by Gen. Friedrich Christiansen, German Military - Col. w. G. Peace, 64, died in Laguna Beach, Commander, establishing a military administraCalif. He was commander of 11th u. 8. Field tion for the Province of North Holland, on acArtillery in the Argonne Forest Nov. 11, 1918. A count of the disturbed political situation," it minute before the Armistice hour of in o'clock was announced that six civilians had been killed a German shell killed several members of his and a number wounded in clashes between the staff. He ordered a shot fired in retaliation, and police and disturbers of the peace" --strikers it exploded over the German lines as the war and alleged attackers of secret Jewish organizaended.

tions. There were many prisoners. Strikers were Feb. 12-In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, a heat wave ordered back to work. Christiansen fined Amsterkilled 33 persons; 150 are under treatment.

dam 15 million guilders as a penalty. A Jew was Feb. 15–Violent wind storms in Portugal and shot to death in Amsterdam by å firing squad Northern Spain set fires at Santander, in the Bay March 3. He was convieted of spraying acid on of Biscay, that destroyed hundreds of houses the secret police. Many were went to prison. The other buildings and boats. Spain and Portugal outbreaks were also in Hilversum and Zaandam. counted 145 dead, thousands injured and property --In Lackawanna, N. Y., the C.1.0. called a strike damage running into millions of dollars. Hun- at the Bethlehem Steel Company's plant; 4,000 dreds were unaccounted for in Portugal.

quit and 3,000 pickets went on duty outside the Feb. 16-Storms have spread from Africa across place.

the Mediterranean to the south and east of Feb. 27- The new $120,000, 14-passenger "Mexico Europe. Belgrade reported that Yugoslavia's Silver Sleeper' plane of Eastern Air Lines was Lake Scutari was rising, with some buildings torn to pieces in a grove of pine trees encountered already under water, while in the Batchka dis- in the rain on the way to the Candler landing trict foods had destroyed many dwellings and held in Atlanta, Ga., which was only 5 miles threatened others.

distant; seven of the persons aboard were killed Feb. 17-The U. S. Supreme Court ruled unani- and nine were injured, one fatally. Among those mously that Earl Russell Browder, general secre- hurt wa

Capt. V. Rickenbacker, president of tary of the Communist party in the United States the line. The plane had left New York City and its candidate for President last year, must Feb. 26 and was bound for Brownsville, Tex., by serve a four-year sentence for passport fraud. way of Atlanta and New Orleans. The Court also sustained the passport fraud con- Feb. 28-Ex-King Alfonso XIII (54) of Spain, who viction in New York of Welzel Warzower, alias had been in exile, died from a heart attack in Robert William Weiner, whose case virtually Rome in the presence of his wife, former Queen duplicated Browder's. Warzower, a native Rus

Victoria; his two sons, Don Juan and Don sian who submitted a forged birth certificate to Jaime, and one of his daughters, Princess obtain a passport, must serve two years.

Beatrix. -In Brazil, at Porto Alegre, the Communist leader -Snow storms along the north Atlantic coast

Juvenal v. Silva, was killed when he resisted killed 30 persons-eight of them in New Jersey. arrest. The police of Rio Grande du Sol tracked down the Communist leader, who was holding a

1941–MARCH secret meeting with other communists from Řio March 1-Earthquakes in the area of Larissa, in de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, and a gun fight en- Northern Greece, made several thousand persons sued.

homeless. Feb. 18—The U. S. House passed the bill providing March 2-In Delaware, and particularly in the City for reapportionment of its membership.

of Wilmington, the Attorney General of the State Feb, 19—At Gatun, Army officials watched a cater

issued orders which resulted in hundreds of pillar-type shovel lift out three and one-half arrests for violations of the 200-year old "Blue cubic yards of dirt--the first dig of the job of

Laws," forbidding any kind of work on Sunday, building the third set of locks for the Panama

The State House of Representatives had rejected Canal. More than 12,000,000 cubic yards are to

by three votes an amendment which would have be excavated. The work is to be done in two

permitted each community to decide the extent years, eight months.

of its Sunday observance. The amendment had Feb. 20-In New York City the members of the

been approved by the Senate., The Legislature American Society of Composers, Authors and

repealed the Blue Laws" five days later. Publishers gave formal ratification to the con

March 3- The U. S. Supreme Court unanimously sent decree, announced Feb. 19, which ends the

outlawed agreements by which manufacturers of Federal Government's anti-trust suits against

women's hats and dresses sought to eliminate

style "piracy" by registering new creations and the society. Feb. 21-Ex-Foreign Commissar Maxim Litvinoff

penalizing anyone copying the designs.

--Ex-King Carol of Rumania and his companion, and Palina Molotofl, wife of the Premier, were dropped from membership in the Central Com

Mme. Magda Lupescu, fied to Portugal, by auto

mobile, from Seville, Spain, where they had been mittee of the Communist party (of which Stalin

under "detention for several months. is Secretary) for "inability to discharge obliga

March 4-President Roosevelt began his ninth year tions."

in office with a head cold which had kept him -President Pedro Aguirre Cerda of Chile vetoed a

secluded for four days in the White House. bill outlawing the Communist party, explaining

March 5-In Amsterdam, 18 Hollanders have been that he regarded the measure as 'contrary to

condemned to death by a German court martial the democratic principles that inspire my govern

in an esponiage and sabotage trial. The court, ment."

which had sat for a week, sentenced 19 others to -Sir F. G. Banting, 49, co-discoverer of insulin, one and one-half to seven years imprisonment; was killed, with two companions, when his plane

six others were set free. The defendants were crashed in the snow near Musgrave Harbor, charged with being leaders of a group who enNewfoundland, on a "mission of high national

gaged in acts of sabotage and terrorism against and scientific importance," to Great Britain. the German Army and the army supply service, Feb. 22— The Nationalist government in Spain has and also with doing espionage work. The Mayor decreed that Castilian is the only language to be of Amsterdam was removed. spoken or written in that country. In Catalonia March 8-A snow storm left 11.6 inches in New and the Basque provinces the ban against all York City and several inches more in Connecticut, but Castilian is enforced. In Barcelona Spanish Massachusetts and Maine. names have been given to the streets, and March 10--In New York City, 1,305 buses quit Castilian is the only language used in schools

operating because of a strike of the 3,500 drivers, the courts or the newspapers. Similar measures and 900,000 daily passengers had to look for. have been taken in the three Basque provinces subway, "L" and taxi ways for transportation,

which sided with the Loyalists in the Civil war. The strike was settled March 20, with a mutual Feb. 23-Rochester, N. Y., held a public reception agreement to run the buses and arbitrate.

complete with a 100-candle cake, to Henry Lilly, --Twelve firemen were killed and 20 hurt in commander of the State's Grand Army of the Brockton, Mass., when the roof of a burning Republic on his hundredth birtnday. A farm boy theater fell on them. from Loretto, Pa., he enlisted in the Union Arms - The Chamber of Deputies in Haiti adopted a resoin 1862 at 21. He fought in the Army of the lution extending the term of President Stento Potomac at Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettys- Vincent for 5 years from May 15, when his burg and in the Second Battle of Bull Run.

present term will expire. Feb. 24-The first Swiss-Russian trade agreement, in Washington a renewal was signed to an 1899 since the Bolshevik revolution, was signed in convention which permits British and American

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