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necessarily happen in such a struggle—spreading, as it does, over so vast an area—which may possess an intense, though momentary interest, and greatly excite the public mind at the period of their occurrence, which are, nevertheless, insignificant in their essential nature, and trivial in their ultimate consequences. Aa it was the design of the present writer to prepare a history of the war within a convenient and moderate compass, it became necessary to omit all, or, at least, any extended allusion to such events, so that the necessary space might remain in which to dwell, with appropriate fulness, upon the really decisive incidents of the contest. For the same reason, no reference is made, in the biographical sketches which are introduced, to those ephemeral and factitious reputations, which were created from time to time; which, going up suddenly, and glaring portentously, like rockets, descended again as quickly, and relapsed into their legitimate oblivion. An effort has thus been made throughout the work to do justice to those events and persons to whom a genuine and permanent immortality appertains; at the same time to realize and exemplify the excellent maxim, Parva sed apta, not voluminous, but condensed and comprehensive.

The author has been assiduous and careful in regard to the materials from which the contents of the work have been derived. He has applied to his use every attainable source of information which was worthy of confidence and attention. Official reports of eminent commanders, and the narratives of intelligent and truthful eye-witnesses of the scenes described, together with various other depositories of facts, have been thoroughly examined, compared, and appropriated. The author has not the presumption to imagine that he has in all cases attained perfect accuracy; but he does not hesitate to assert, that he has left no effort or expedient unemployed to avoid error and misstatement in every part of the work. An historical narrative of events of recent date labors under some disadvantages, while, at the same time, it may possess facilities and merits of which the record of more remote and unfamiliar transactions will be destitute. It has been affirmed that a correct history of a war like that against Secession could not be written until after the lapse of many years. We believe this statement to be erroneous. If the writer be impartial, laborious, and possessed of the necessary literary skill, he will have all the qualities essential to the elaboration of a satisfactory history'of such a series of events; and these qualities he may possess immediately after their occurrence, as well as at a more distant period. At the same time, he will enjoy a superior advantage in the vividness and strength of the impression which the events have made, both upon his own mind, and upon the minds of those whose productions he consults in the preparation of his work.

S. M. S.

CONTENTS.

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CHAPTER VII.

The Secession of Tennessee—Parson Brownlow—Declaration of War by the

Confederate Congress—Skirmish near St. Louis—Secession element in Balti-

more—Fort McHenry—Secession of North Carolina—Adjournment of the

Rebel Congress to convene at Richmond—Assembly of Federal troops at

Washington—The occupation of Alexandria—Assassination of Colonel Ells-

worth—Sketch of his career—His life in Chicago—Famous tour of the Chicago

Zouaves—Ellsworth's military tastes and talents—His personal appearance

and characteristics—His peculiarities as a speaker—He organizes the New

York Fire Zouaves—His death a loss to the cause of the Union—General

Robert Patterson's campaign in Virginia—Crossing the Potomac at Williams-

port—Battle of Falling Waters—Pursuit of the enemy to Hainsville—To

Martinsburg—The march to Bunker Hill—To Charlestown—Occupation of

Harper's Ferry—Results of the Campaign .'

CHAPTER VIH.

The encounters with the Rebel troops at Fairfax Court House, at Aquia Creek,

at Romney, at Phillippi—Gallantry of Colonel Kelley—Battle of Great

Bethel—Causes of the disaster—General Pierce—Death of Lieutenant Greble—

Sketch of his career—Union sentiment in Western Virginia,—The new State of

West Virginia—Harper's Ferry devastated by the Rebels—The Ohio troops

fired on near Vienna—Results of the attack—Operations of General McClellon

in Western Virginia—His admirable plans—The Battle of Rich Mountain—

General Garnett—Colonel Rosecrans—Results of the engagement—Sketch of

General McClellan—His conduct during the Mexican War—His reconnoissance

of the Cascade Mountains—His secret mission to the West Indies—His journey

to the Crimea—His official report as commissioner—His subsequent move-

ments—He becomes Commander of the Department of Ohio

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