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The Ministry as it stood at the High Seas--trial of Reynolds

Meeting of Parliament 200 and others

333

Sheriffs

- 202

Births

- 204

Marriages

. 212

PUBLIC DOCUMENTS.

Promotions

228

Deaths

241

DOMESTIC.

TRIALS, LAW CASES, &c. Financial Statements ending

5th January, 1842

342

Common Pleas-Evans v. Pratt Trade and Navigation - 358

Betting on a Steeple Chase 310 | List of the General Acts - 361

Court of Exchequer-Jervison Local and Personal Acts - 366

t, Dyson

311 Private Acts (printed)

372

Arches Court - The Office of Private Acts (not printed) - 374

Judge promoted by Sanders Prices of Corn, Hay, Clover,

against Head

- 315 Straw, and Butchers' Meat - 377

Vice - Chancellor's Court

Bills of Mortality-Bankrupts

Campbell v. Scott and Geary 317 -Meteorological Table 378

Court of Exchequer—the Go- Quarterly Average of the Week-

vernor and Company of the ly Assets and Liabilities of

Bank of England v. Tomkins the Bank of England--Ac-

-Exchequer Bill Frauds . 319 count of the Notes in Circu-

Vice-Chancellors' Courts-At- lation by the Banks of Issue 379

torney-General v. Lord Car- University Honours-Oxford - 380

rington

322 Cambridge -

382

Consistory Court

Snow v.

The Census-Abstract of the

Snow -

324 Census of Ireland

384

Vice-Chancellors' Courts-Bul- Queen's Person Protection Act 385

teel v. Lord Abinger - 327 Corn Importation Act (Ex-

Western Circuit

Rooke v.

tracts)

386

Conway

332 Table of Duties to wbich the

Tipperary Summer Assizes-

Act refers

390

Trial of James Shea alias Schedule of Cities and Towns

Smyth for Murder

335 to which the Act refers 392

Surrey Sessions House-Ash. Summary of the Answers re-

worth and others v. the Earl ceived from Her Majesty's

of Uxbridge

337 Consuls

395

Central Criminal Court

Mines and Collieries Act - 396

Charge of Murder on the Copyright Act (Extracts) . 399

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THE

ANNUAL REGISTER,

,

FOR THE YEAR

1842.

HISTORY OF EUROPE.

CHAPTER I.

General Observations on the state of the country and position of the

Government at the commencement of the year 1842-Secession of the Duke of Buckingham from the Cabinet-Parliament opened on the 3rd of February by the Queen in person-Presence of the King of Prussia on the occasion-Her Majesty's Speech from the ThroneAddress moved in the House of Lords by the Marquess of Abercorn, seconded by the Earl of Dalhousie ---Speeches of Viscount Melbourne, Duke of Wellington, Lord Brougham, Earl Fitzwilliam, Duke of Buckingham, and other Peers-Åddress carried unanimously-Debate in the House of Commons-Address moved by the Earl of March, seconded by Mr. Beckett - Speeches of Mr. Ewart, Lord John Russell, Sir Robert Peel, Mr. Villiers, and Mr. Escott - General allusion to the Corn-laws-Statement of Sir R. Peel respecting his Financial Measures - Address carried without a division.

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THE

NHE commencement of the so secure as a mere reference to his

year 1842 found the Conser. Parliamentary strength would, vative Administration occupying a under other circumstances, have position of great apparent strength, appeared to indicate. A revenue, commanding large majorities in which had now for several years both Houses of Parliament. At exhibited the alarming symptom the same time, when viewed with of an annual deficiency, with an regard to the actual condition of expenditure which our warlike the country, and to the terms on operations in the East were at the which he had succeeded to office, same time tending to increase ; the tenure of Sir Robert Peel's excitement and agitation at home, power could hardly be pronounced widely diffused on the subject of the Vol. LXXXIV.

[B]

Corn-laws, and a necessity now had given by anticipation so large generally acknowledged for some a pledge of its confidence at the re-settlement of that delicate and late elections, was still only a Miarduous question; increasing dis- nistry on its trial, and that trial as union between the agricultural and keen and severe as any Cabinet in manufacturing interests ; loud and modern times has been required to general complaints of depression in undergo. It was consequently imall the principal branches of trade, possible even for those whose poli. accompanied by distress among the tical creed led them to place the poorer classes, which, making every greatest confidence in the ability allowance for exaggeration, was and resources of Sir Robert Peel beyond all doubt both real and ex- and his colleagues, not to feel an tensive ;-all these causes seemed anxious solicitude when the time to impose upon the ministry which approached for the development of had lately been called to office a those measures of which the prutask which it would require no or- dence of the Prime Minister had dinary resources of statesmanship hitherto refused to allow even the to discharge in a manner commen- slightest outline to transpire to the surate with the exigencies of the curiosity of the public. The embartimes. To allay the popular out- rassments of the country were becry for cheap food, without with. yond dispute; the capacity of the drawing its due support from existing Administration to grapple agriculture; to impart a new sti. with them was warmly controvertmulus to trade without detriment ed, and the disclosure of their plans to interests which claimed protec- was anticipated by the different tion, and to retrieve the deficiencies parties in the country according to of the revenue without imposing their respective predilections or innew burthens on industry, were terests, with all the eagerness of problems on the solution of which hope or fear. The only incident the credit of the new Administra- worthy of remark which occurred tion was staked, and on which its previously to the opening of Parexistence might be considered, not. liament to excite public speculawithstanding its present apparent tion and throw some degree of strength, to depend. Moreover, to light upon the forthcoming policy these requisitions of the country, of the Government, was the anSir Robert Peel had, on accepting nounced retirement in the month office, declared himself prepared to of January of the Duke of Buckminister, stipulating only for time ingham from the office of Lordto mature his remedial measures, keeper of the Privy Seal. It was while the interval thus necessarily palpable that dissatisfaction with employed, of which his opponents the measure projected by his col. did not fail to take advantage leagues for the settlement of the against him, served in no small de- Corn-laws had induced this step, gree to enhance the expectations and the original admission of and hopes of the public, and to the Duke, the uncompromising prepare them to feel a keener dis- advocate of the landed interests, appointment in the event of any into the Cabinet, having been short-coming in the promised mea- looked

upon as a pledge and secuof relief. The Ministry,

rity to the agriculturists that their therefore, to which the country interests would be adhered to, his

a

sures

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