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References are to pages
tive, referendum, and recall, 380; | Citizens, defined, 24 note; privileges
educational rank of, 411.

and immunities of, 45, 442, 449; con-
Campaign, political, funds for, 236, troversies between, 194, 447.

237; expenditure, 237, 238; local Citizenship suffrage, 352;
methods, 366.

qualifications for federal office, 429,
Canals, federal power to construct, 431.

82, 118; Panama, 223; Panama tolls, Civil procedure. See Procedure,
118 note.

civil.
Candidates, presidential, nomina- Civil rights, defined, 206; beyond

tion of, 107. See Convention, and control of Congress and States, 206;
Primary, direct.

beyond control of Congress, 208;
Capital punishment, State law, 292, beyond control of States, 209: be-
293 (2); English, 299.

yond control of State legislatures,
Capitals, State, 267.

210; religious liberty, 210; freedom
Capitation tax. See Poll Taxes. of speech and press, 211; right to
Caucus, federal legislative, 100; assemble and to petition, 211; ha-

State legislative, 257 ; New England beas corpus, 212.
town, 316; political, 367.

Civil service, city provisions for,
Census, cost, contents, and impor-

337, 339.
tance, 9, 10; Bureau of, 173; consti- Civil Service Commission, 182.
tutional provision, 430.

Civil service rules, 183.
Chairman. See Committee, na- Claims, Court of, 193, 199, 202.
tional; State.

Clerks, of federal courts, 202; of
Charities, city federated, 426 (1). State courts, 291; county, 310–312;
Charter, colonies, 29; village, 328; town, 318; village, 329.

city, home rule, 341; Galveston, 335, Cleveland, short ballot, 377.
Dayton, 339.

Coast Guard Service, 136 note, 140
Checks and balances, system of, note.
47; criticism of, 47.

Coins, currency, 142–144; purchase
Chemistry, Bureau of, 173.

of metal fo

143 ;

subsidiary,
Chief Justice of Supreme Court, 144; minor, 144; profit on, 137

197, 431 ; picture of, frontispiece. note; constitutional provisions, 434,
Children's Bureau, 176.

437.
Chinese excluded, 175.

Colonial government in America,
Chisholm vs. Georgia, 194 note.

28, 29.
Cincinnati University, industrial Colonies of the United States,
training in, 406.

216, 225.
Circuit courts, federal, abolished, Colorado, constitutional amendment
196 note; State, 279.

process, 244 note; legislature, 254;
Circuit Courts of Appeals, federal, governor, 267; board of commis-
193, 196.

sioners, 305; county officers, 311;
Cities, defined, 330; growth of, 330 ; suffrage restrictions, 354 note; wo-

government of, 330–348, 380 note; man suffrage, 355 ; direct primary,
council-mayor type, 331–334; com- 368 note; initiative, referendum,
mission type, 334-338; manager type, and recall, 380; educational rank,
338–340; mayor, 333, 336, 340; coun- 411.
cil, 255, 331-335, 338; ordinances, Commander-in-chief, power of
247, 332, 335, 339; home rule, 341; President as, 151, 158, 189, 439;
problems of, 341, 351, 400; taxes in, power of governor as, 269.
388; industrial training in, 405. Commerce, aids to, 10; foreign, 70,

References are to pages
386; interstate, 70, 386; interstate 37; Second Continental, 31, 37; Con.
commission, 73–75; federal regula- federate, 31.
tion of, 70–75, 434, 436; tonnage, Congress, United States, 53–65;
386.

composed of two houses, 53–55;
Commerce, department of, 173; sec- sessions of, 55; House of Repre-
retary of, 173.

sentatives, 56-61; Senate, 61-63;
Commission, 179–190. See Interstate compensation of members, 63-64;

Commerce, District of Columbia, convenes, 65, 89; number of, 66, 67;
Civil Service, Federal Trade, and sole powers, 47, 65 ; powers of, 69–
Tariff.

84; in action, 89–100; rules of pro-
Commissioner, of Indian affairs, cedure, 91; investigations for, 188,
169; of Porto Rico, 221.

190; restrictions on, 208–210; ad-
Commissioners, district court, 202; journment, 432, 440; constitutional

of the Philippines, 223; county board provisions, 429-437; searchlight on,
of, 304, 305 (table).

101, 265 (9).
Commission government, advo- Congressional Campaign Com-

cated for States, 261, 262 ; of cities, mittee, 236.
334-338, 341; Galveston, 334-336; Congressional Record, 95; reprints
Des Moines, 336–338.

of, 64 note, 67 (7),
Commissions, President's power to Congressional townships, 321.
grant, 440.

Connecticut, colonial government
Committee (party), National, 227, of, 29-30; ratified federal constitu-

232, 235-237; Congressional Cam- tion, 37 note; colonial charter, 241;
paign, 236; State, 227, 232, 236; constitutional amendment process,
local, 236.

244 note; legislature, 254; governor,
Committees, in Congress, 92–94 ; 267; board of commissioners, 304;

clerks of, 64; Ways and Means, 93, county officers, 310; boroughs and
95, 96, 97, 99 note, 190; of the Whole, townships, 327; suffrage restric-
96, 96 note; appropriating, 98.

tions, 354 note, 360; educational
Committees of National Conven- rank of, 411.
tion, 234.

Constitutional Convention, fed-
Committees, State legislative, 257; eral, 34–36; State, 241.
city council, 332.

Constitution, United States, origin
Common law, 247, 248, 447.

of, 28–38; ratification of, 37 note;
Common Pleas Courts, 279.

methods of amending, 48, 49, 231
Compensation, of congressmen, 63, (14), 443; interpretation of, 49, 69,

432, 439; of federal judges, 201, 202, 82; supremacy of, 43, 246, 247,
440; of State legislators, 253, 254; 444.
taking property without just, 255 Constitutions, State, 241-248; origin
note, 446.

of, 241; analysis of, 242 ; revision of,
Comptroller, of the Treasury, 141 ; 242–245, 250 ; present tendencies,

of the Currency, 145, 185; State, 274. 245 ; authority of, 246, 247.
Compulsory education, 395. Consular jurisdiction, 132.
Concurrent powers, 41 note, 51. Consuls, appointment of, 131 ; func-
Concurrent resolutions, 433, 434. tions of, 9, 132 ; cases affecting, 197,
Concurrent jurisdiction, 198.

441.
Confederation, American, 31, 40; Continental congresses, 30, 31, 37.
Articles of, 31, 34, 37.

Contract labor, exclusion of, 175.
Conference of Governors, 273-274. Contracts, obligations of, 209, 437.
Congress, First Continental, 30, 31, Convention, Cook county, 367 note.

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References are to pages.
Convention, federal constitutional, Declaration of Independence, 31,

34, 443; national party, 231-235, 37.
367.

Decree, in equity, 292.
Conventions, State constitutional, Deed, of conveyance, 324 note.

242; present tendencies of, 245; Defendant, 199, 199 note.
authority of, 246–248; New Jersey Defense, 429, 434.
party, 383 (7).

Delaware, colonial government of,
Copyrights, power of Congress over, 29, 30; ratified federal constitution,

42, 435; defined, 81; foreign, 170; 37 note ; legislature, 254; governor,
register of, 190 note.

267 ; board of commissioners, 304 ;
Coroner, 309–311; 282 note.

county officers, 310 ; constitutional
Corporations, federal tax on, 78; amendment process, 244 note ; hun-

contributions to campaign funds, dreds, 319 note ; suffrage restric-
237; 289 note.

tions, 354 note, 360 note; educational
Cost of living, advance in, 147. rank, 411.
Council, village, 328 ; city, 331-333, Delegates, territorial, 218, 219; to
335, 338.

national convention, 232 ; House of,
County, relation to State, 247, 255, 252 ; to State conventions, 242.

301 ; origin of, 301 ; functions of, Democratic party, platform, 229,
301 ; boards, 303–305 ; officers, 307– 358; finance, 236, 237.
313 ; county township system, 319 Departments, executive, 127–190;
321 ; taxes, 387.

heads of, 121 ; constitutional provi-,
County courts, 279; judges of, 310- sion, 439.
311.

Depositions, 291.
Court of Claims, 193, 199, 202. Des Moines, commission govern-
Court of Customs Appeals, 193, ment in, 336–338.
200, 202.

Diplomatic Service, 129–131.
Court of Small Claims of Chicago, Direct legislation, 261, 379.
288.

Direct primary. See Primary,
Courts, federal, 193–202 ; District direct.

Courts, 195, 201 ; Circuit Courts of Direct taxes, 276, 277.
Appeals, 196, 201 ; Supreme Court, District attorney, federal, 201 ;
197 ; special, 199–201.

State, 295, 308, 310, 311.
Courts of Appeals, State, 279. District courts, federal, 193–195,
Courts, State, 278–286 ; dual system, 202 ; commissioners for, 202 ; State,

278 ; organization, 278–282 ; Jus- 279.
tices’, 278, 284; judges, 282 ; juries, District of Columbia, power of
282–286.

Congress over, 81, 179–181, 232 note;
Crimes, definition, 292 ; felonies, 278 commission for, 179; government of,

note, 292 ; misdemeanors, 278 note, 179–181; receipts of, 137 note ; ap-
293, 294 ; constitutional provision, propriation for, 98 note, 141 ; con-
440, 441, 446.

stitutional provision, 435.
Criminal procedure, 294–298, 444. Domestic Relations Courts, 280.
Critical period, 32-34.

Due process of law, 207, 208 note,
Currency, federal, 142–146 ; paper, 210, 446, 449.
144-146 ; metallic, 142.

Duties, 434, 436, 437. See Taxes.
Customs duties, 77, 78, 137-140, 434.

Education, expenditure for, 8;
Dead letter office, 163.

United States Bureau of, 169 ; State
Debt See Public debt.

superintendent of, 274 ; public, 394

References are to pages

412 ; elementary, 394-398 ; compul- | Federal Reserve Act, 184; board,
sory, 395 ; year-round schools, 396 ; 185.
Gary plan, 396; secondary, 398; high Federal reserve banks, 184, 185.
schools, 358, 397–399; higher, 400_402; Federal Trade Commission, 187,
map of institutions of higher, 401; 188.
coeducation, 400; administration of Federalist, The, 36.
schools, 402 ; revenue for, 403 ; in- Federalist party, 36, 37.
dustrial, 404-410 ; rank of States, Feeble-minded, care of, 418.
410-411 ; student loan funds, 414 Felony, defined, 292; 278 note, 432,
(9).

435.
Elastic clause, 82. See also “Nec- Feminism, 360.
essary and proper clause."

Filibuster, 91.
Election, of representatives, 57–60, Finance, party, 236-238; State, 384-

431; of senators, 61, 451; of presi- 392. See Taxes.
dent, 104-109, 438.

Fines, 294, 447.
Electors, meaning of, 429 note; presi- Florida, constitutional amendment

dential, 104-109, 437, 438, 448, 450. process, 244 note; legislature, 254;
Ellis Island, 6, 174, 176.

governor, 267; board of commis-
Embassy, 130, 131.

sioners, 305; county officers, 311;
Emergency fund, federal, 133. suffrage restrictions 354, note; di-
Eminent domain, 83, 83 note, 351 rect primary, 368 note; educational
(15).

rank, 411.
Employees, federal, 112, 113. Foreign affairs. See State depart-
Engraving and Printing, Bureau ment; also Treaties.
of, 144, 162.

Foreign commerce, 70, 132, 386,
Enlistments, regular army, 153, 154; 434.

national guard, 154; navy, 157. Foreign possessions, Porto Rico,
Equalization of taxes, 390.

219–221; Philippines, 221–223; Pan-
Equal protection of the laws, 210, ama, 223–225; Guam, Samoan,
449.

Wake, Midway, Howland, Baker,
Equity, origin and character, 289 ; Guano, St. Thomas, St. Croix, St.
suit in, 291.

John, 225.
Excises, 76, 77, 434, 449.

Franking privilege, 64, 68 (13),
Executive, president, 46, 104-124, 437, 161-162.

439; federal departments, 127-190 ; Fraud order, 163.
governor, 266-274.

Freedom of speech, 211, 214 (5 and
Export taxes, prohibited, 76, 386, 6); in Congress, 64, 432; in States,
437.

255 note.
Ex post facto law, 206, 436, 437. Full faith and credit clause, 44,
Extradition, 46, 442.

442.
Extra legal, defined, 228 note.

Galveston, commission government
Farm loan banks, federal, 141, 186. in, 335, 336.
Federal Advisory Council, 185. General Assembly, 251.
Federal Bd. of Voc. Ed., 404. General Board, navy, 158.
Federal courts. See Courts, fed- General Court, New Hampshire and
eral.

Massachusetts, 251.
Federal law, supremacy of, 43, 444; General Land Office, 167.

relation to State law, 246, 247, 278, General property tax, 387-392.
441.

General Staff, 152, 153.

References are to pages
Geological survey, federal, 168. State protection, 7; county protec-
Georgia, colonial government of, 29, tion, 7; city protection to, 7, 346–

30; ratified federal constitution, 37 348; United States Public Health
note; constitutional amendment Service, 136 note, 422; conservation
process, 244 note; legislature, 254; of, 422-425.
governor, 267; grand jury, 283 note; High schools, enrollment, 358; sec-
ordinary, 305; county officers, 311; ondary education, 397–399; agricul-
militia districts, 319 note; suffrage tural, 407-409; Farragut School,
restrictions, 354 note, 360 note; 407409; student government in, 414
direct primary, 368 note; educa- (4); trip, 415 (13).
tional rank, 411.

Home rule, for cities, 341; for
Gerrymandering, original, 60; in prisoners, 427 (5).

congressional districts, 59, 60; in Hospitals, county, 306, 307; town-
State legislative districts, 253.

ship, 315; for insane, 417.
Girls' Canning Clubs, 410.

House of Representatives, federal,
Gold, coins, 142; purchase of, 143; 35, 53, 56-61; membership, 56; elec-

standard, 146; relation to prices, tion of, 57, 65; floor plan, 57; quali-
147; legal der, 209, 437.

fication of members, 60–61, 65;
Government, defined, 24, 383 (8) ; term of, 57, 65; speaker, 65, 89; or-

importance of, 1-16; creation of a, ganization of, 89; rules of procedure,
1; cost of national, State and local, 91, 92; committees of, 92-94; journal
2; how borne, 2; increased cost of, of, 95; first woman member, 430
3; benefits of, 3–16; ownership, 23, note; constitutional provisions, 429
24; republican form of, 24, 25, 352 434, 448, 450.
note, 443; democratic, 25; colonial, House of Representatives, State,
28 30; federal system of, 40–50; con- 28 note; membership, privileges and
federate, 40; county, 301-314; city, immunities, term, and salary, 252–
330–348.

254; sessions of, 253, 254; powers
Government Printing Office, 190. of, 255; organization of, 256 ; com-
Governor, colonial, 266, 268; State, mittees of, 257, 258.

266–274; term and salary, 267 ; table
of State governors, 267; executive Idaho, constitutional amendment
powers of, 268,271; messages, 271; process, 244 note; constitution, 265
power to call extra sessions of legis- (13); legislature of, 254; governor,
lature, 272; veto power, 272; par- 267; board of commissioners, 305;
doning power, 272, 273.

county officers, 311; suffrage re-
Governor, of Hawaii, 217; Alaska, strictions, 354 note; woman suf-

218; Porto Rico, 220; Panama, 225; frage, 355; direct primary, 368
-General of Philippines, 222.

note; initiative, 380; educational
Governors' Conference, 273.

rank, 411.
Grandfather clauses, 361.

Illinois, constitutional amendment
Grand jury, 282–284, 446.

process, 244 note; legislature, 254;
Greenbacks, 144.

governor, 267; legislative power of

governor, 271; board of supervisors,
Habeas corpus, defined, 436 note; 304; board of commissioners, 304;

writ of, 45, 111, 210, 212, 255 note, county officers, 310; county-town-
436.

ship conflict, 320; suffrage restric-
Hawaii, territorial government of, tions, 354 note; woman suffrage,
216–218, 230, 232 note.

355 ; direct primary, 368 note; edu-
Health, federal protection to, 5; cational rank, 411.

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