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References are to pages
354 note; direct primary, 368 note; | Powers, division of, 41; national
educational rank, 411.

government, 42; separation of, 46;
Pensions, office, 170, 171, 230, 231; of Congress, 69–84; expressed, 69-

appropriations for, 141; constitu- 81, 83; implied, 82, 83, 84; of State
tional provision, 450.

legislatures, 255.
Peoples Power League, 276 Preamble of the United States
(3).

Constitution, 429.
Petition, right to assemble and, 211, Presentment, 283.
445; nomination by, 368.

Presidency, succession to the, 109,
Philippine Islands, government of,

438.
221–223; fortification and adminis- President, 104-120; veto power, 47,
tration of, 151; greater self-govern- 118, 231 (11); as political boss, 48;
ment, 230; delegates from, 232 qualifications of, 104; election of,
note.

104-109; term of, 109; succession of,
Piracies, 435.

109; compensation of, 110; duties
Plaintiff, defined, 199, 199 note, and powers of, 111, 123; appoint-
290.

ments by, 111-113, 181; removal by,
Plant Industry, bureau of, 172. 113; treaty power, 114; military
Platforms, political party, 228-231. powers of, 115, 116; messages of,
See Parties, political.

116; extra legal methods of, 119;
Police courts, 280.

pardoning power of, 119; inde-
Police, State, 4, 269; Pennsylvania, pendence of, 119; commander-in-

270, 277; Massachusetts, 269; New chief, 151, 158, 189; investigations
York, 271, 277; Texas, 270; city, 4, for, 188, 190; nomination of, 234 ;
5, 7.

compared to governor, 268; consti-
Policewomen, 346.

tutional provisions, 433, 434, 437–
Political parties, 227–238. See Par- 440, 448.
ties, political

Press, freedom of the, 210, 211, 255
Poll taxes, as suffrage restriction, note, 445.

361, 362; State and local revenue Primary, 367.
from, 387–389; constitutional restric- Primary, direct, 368–370, 235; city,
tion, 436.

337, 340; closed, 369; open, 369;
Poor, in institutions, 8; protection New Jersey ticket, 370.
of, 15.

Prisons, federal, 119, 159; director
Population, of cities, 331.

of, 160.
Pork barrel legislation, 98, 99. Privileges and immunities, of
Porto Rico, government of, 219–221; congressmen, 64, 432; of State leg-

greater self-government, 230; dele- islators, 253; of State citizens, 45,
gates from, 232 note.

449 note.
Postmaster-General, 160–161. Probate courts, 279.
Postmasters, 112 note, 161 note. Probation, in Buffalo, 215 (8); in
Post-offices, defined, 435 note;

juvenile courts, 281; officer, 281.
power of Congress over, 42, 435 ; Procedure, civil, 289–292, 278 note ;
service, 80; development of, 16; criminal, 294–298.
receipts from, 137; expenditures of, Procedure, in Congress, 89–100; in
141; department of, 160–163; parcel State legislatures, 258–260.

post, 16, 23, 24, 162; post-roads, 42, 80. Progressive party, 228.
Post-roads, power of Congress over, Prohibition (liquor), in Alaska, 219;
42, 80, 435.

state-wide, 420; nation-wide, 422;
Poverty, causes of, 426 (2).

world-wide, 422.

References are to pages
Property, defined, 207 note; taxes, | Register of deeds, 310-312.

387, 388; general tax, 390, 391; Registration of voters, 365.

constitutional provisions, 446, 449. Removal, power of, by President,
Proprietary colonies, 29.

113; in Congress, 61, 430, 431, 432,
Public debt, interest on federal, 141; 438, 439, 440.

restrictions on State, 255 note. Republic, 25.
Public education, 394-412. See Ed- Republican form of government,
ucation.

24, 25, 443.
Public Health Service, United Republican party, 228; platform,
States, 5-7, 136 note.

229; finance, 237.
Public lands, 167.

Religious liberty, 210, 255, 444,
Public ownership, advocated, 230, 445.
231.

Representation, in Congress, 430,
Public schools, administration of, 450; in Senate, 443.

402; appointment of funds, 404. Representatives. See House of
See pp. 394-412.

Representatives.
Pure food, power of Congress con- Resolutions, joint, 118, note, 433;
cerning, 74, 87 (14).

concurrent, 433, 434.
Revenue, federal, 137–142; bills, 65,

94, 433; internal, 137, 138; disburse-
Qualifications of federal officers: ment of, 141.

representatives, 60, 65; senators, Revenue, State, sources of, 387; ex-
61, 65; President, 104, 122; Vice- penditure of, 392; school, 403.
president, 120, 123; constitutional Revision of federal constitution,
provisions, 429, 431, 432, 438, 444, 443; of State constitutions, 242-
448, 451.

245.
Qualifications on suffrage, 352- River and harbor improvements,
362.

power of Congress over, 82; legis-
Quarantine, 6, 7, 70, 136 note.

lation, 98; advocated, 229.
Quorums of Congress, 432, 448. Rhode Island, colonial government

in, 29, 30; ratified federal constitu-

tion, 37 note; colonial charter, 241;
Race, suffrage restriction prohibited, constitutional amendment process,
352, 361, 451.

244 note; legislature, 254; gov-
Railroads, federal regulation of, 72– ernor, 267 ; sheriff, 309; county offi-

75, 87 (13), 183; federal ownership cers, 310; suffrage restrictions, 354
advocated, 230. See Interstate Com- note; educational rank, 411.
merce Commission.

Roads, models of, 11; national aid,
Recall, of State officers, 379, 380 ; of 13, 87 (12); advocated, 229.

city officers, 337, 340, 379; advo- Robbery, 293.
cated by political party, 231; prog- Royal colonies, 28.
ress of, 380.

Rules of procedure, in Congress,
Reclamation bureau, 168. See Ir- 91, 92, 432.
rigation.

Rural free delivery, 16, 162.
Reference bureau, legislative, 258,
259.

Schools, 8; elementary, 8, 398; high,
Referendum, of U. S. Constitution 8, 398; county superintendent of,

denied, 48; in States, 260, 379, 380; 310, 311, 313; year-round, 396; ad-
in cities, 260, 337, 340; progress of, ministration of public, 403; revenue
380.

for, 403; apportionment of funds,

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References are to pages
404; agricultural high, 407. See Feeble-minded, Feminism, Hos-
also Education.

pitals, Illiteracy, Industrial edu-
Searchlight on Congress, 101, 265 cation, Inequalities before the law,
(9).

Insane, Justice, Juvenile courts,
Secret service, 160.

Libraries, Liquor, Local option,
Secretaries, federalexecutive, listed, Marriage, Mental defectives, Mor-

121. See the several federal depart- als, Parole, Policewomen, Poor,
ments, 127-177.

Poverty, Prohibition, Short ballot,
Secretary to the President, 112. Unemployed, Woman suffrage,
Secretary of State, federal, 109, Workmen's compensation.
121, 127; State, 274, 268.

Socialism, 23, 24.
Selectmen, board of, 316, 318, Socialist party, platform, 230,
320.

231;

constitution quoted, 240
Senate, federal, creation of, 35; (13).

equal representation of States in, South Carolina, colonial govern-
53, 443; election of, 49, 61, 65; mem- ment in, 29, 30; ratified federal con-
bership, term of, and qualifications, stitution, 37 note; gerrymandered,
61, 65; floor plan of Senate cham- 59; constitutional amendment pro-
ber, 62; special functions, 62; ap- cess, 244 note; legislature, 254;
pointments, 62, 65, 112, 113, 439; governor, 267, 272; board of com-
rules of procedure, 91; abolition missioners, 305; county officers, 311 ;
advocated, 231; constitutional pro- townships, 319 note; suffrage re-
visions, 429-434, 440, 444, 447.

strictions, 354 note, 360 note; direct
Senate, State, 252, 254, 257; attempts primary, 368 note; educational rank,
to abolish, 262.

411.
Senatorial courtesy, 63.

South Dakota, constitutional
Separation of powers, 46.

amendment process, 244 note; legis-
Sergeant-at-arms, of Congress, 89; lature, 254; governor, 267; board
of State legislatures, 257.

of commissioners, 304; county offi-
Servitude, 352, 449, 451.

cers, 310; alien vote, 354 note; suf-
Sessions of Congress, 55; long and frage restriction, 354 note; direct
short, 55; extra, 56, 117.

primary, 368 note; initiative, 380;
Sessions of State legislatures, educational rank, 411.
253, 254, 272.

Speaker, House of Representatives,
Sewage disposal, 344.

federal, 65, 89, 430; State, 257.
Sheriff, 4, 269, 286, 291, 309, 311. Special sessions of Congress, 56,
Sherman Anti-trust Law, 74. 117; of State legislatures, 272.
Shipping Board, United States, 229, Speech, freedom of, 211, 214 (5 and
188.

6); in Congress, 64, 432; in State
Short ballot, 374_379; organization, legislatures, 255 note.
339, 374; movement, 374.

Spoils system, 181.
Silver, coins, 143; purchase of, 143; Standard Oil Trust, 15, 75 note.

certificates, 144; legal tender, 209, State, Department of, 127-134; secre-
437.

tary of, 127; duties, 127-129.
Slavery, prohibited, 206, 449. State, defined, 24; development of,
Smithsonian Institute, 190.

19-26; finances, 384-392.
Social centers, 346.

State constitutions, origin of, 241;
Social legislation, 417-425. See analysis of, 242; revision of, 242;

Charities, Children's Bureau, Com- partial amendment of, 243; present
pulsory education, Contract labor, tendencies of, 245; authority of, 246.

References are to pages
State courts, 278–298.

Taxation, power of Congress over,
State governors. See Governor. 75–79, 430, 434, 436, 451; power of
State legislatures, membersbip of, States over, 384-387.

252; sessions, 253; table of, 254; Taxes, federal, paid directly and in-
powers of, 255; organization of, 256; directly, 2; in China, 18 (6); con-
legislative procedure, 258; lobbying federate, 32, 33; federal, 42; federal
in, 259; proposed substitutions for, income, 49; export, prohibited, 76;
261, 262.

excise and import, 76, 77; direct,
States, independence of, 44; contro- 76; indirect, 77; customs, 77, 78,

versies between, 194; party com- 137–140; corporation, 78; inheri.
mittees of, 236; admitted to the tance, 79; income, 79, 137; revenue,
union, 241, 242; educational rank 137; tonnage duties prohibited, 437.
of, 410, 411.

Taxes, State, collection of, 274, 383
Streets, materials for pavement, 342; note, 391; power of levying, 384-

lighting of, 343; billboards, 343. 387; kinds of, 387; income, 389;
Strict construction of the Con- general property, 387, 388, 390; poll,
stitution, 69.

387–389; inheritance, 391.
Suffrage, 352-362; vs. citizenship, Temperance legislation. See

352; amendment advocated, 355; Liquor.
restrictions, 353-362.

Tennessee, constitutional amend.
Suffrage, woman. See Woman suf- ment process, 244 note; legislature,
frage.

254; governor, 267; county court,
Suffragist, 357 note.

303, 305; county officers, 311; civil
Suffragette, 358 note.

districts, 319 note; suffrage restric-
Suit, at law, 289, 290, 447; in equity, tions, 354 note; direct primary, 368
291, 447.

note; educational rank, 411.
Superintendent of Public In- Territories, government in, 216–225;

struction, of schools, 274, 310 311, Hawaii, 216–218; Alaska, 218-219.
313.

Texas, constitutional amendment
Superior Courts, 279.

process, 244 note; legislature, 254;
Super Senate, 68 (14).

governor, 267; rangers, 270; com-
Supervisors, county boards of, missioners and county judge, 305;
table, 304, 305; 320.

county officers, 311; commissioners'
Supreme Court of the United precincts, 319 note; suffrage restric-

States, 193, 197; original jurisdic- tions, 354 note; direct primary, 368
tion, 197; abolition of certain note; educational rank, 411.
powers of, advocated, 231.

Textbooks, 414 (5).
Supreme Courts of Appeals, Title of nobility, granting of, pro-
State, 279.

hibited, 436, 437.
Surrogate Court, 279.

Torrens system of land registra-
Surveyor, county, 310, 311, 313. tion, 326 (12).

Tonnage duties, 386, 437; defined,
Tariff, in New York and Virginia, 437 note.

33, 34; rates, 78; Underwood Town meeting, 316-319.
Simmons bill traced, 95-97; Com- Towns, government of, 328; clerk,
mission, United States, 189; for 318; taxes, 388; ordinances of, 247;
protection, 229; constitutional pro- powers granted to, 255.
vision, 434. See also Taxes, Cus- Townships, and towns distinguished,
toms.

314; government of, 314-319; county-
Tax restriction on suffrage, 361. township system, 319-321; geograph-
References are to pages
ical, 321, 324; officers of, 318; trus- 433; governor's, 272; mayor's, 329,
tees, 320; New England system, 328; 333, 336, 340.
powers granted to, 255; powers of Vice-President, nomination of, 120;
New England, 315; county conflict, qualifications, election, salary, and
320.

term, 65, 120; president of senate,
Treason, defined, 432, 440, 411, 442. 65; constitutional provisions, 431,
Treasurer, of the United States, 141, 433, 437, 438, 440, 448.

145; of the States, 268, 274; of the Villages, government of, 320, 327–
counties, 310–312.

329; powers delegated to, 255; taxes
Treasury, federal department of, of, 388.

136–147; secretary of, 136, 185, 186. Virginia, colonial government in, 28,
Treaties, federal power over, 42, 114, 29; tariff, 34; plan of union, 35;

439; ratification of, 63, 65; federal ratified federal constitution, 37 note;
jurisdiction over, 193, 441; relative religious liberty in, 210 ; freedom of
rank of, 247, 444; States' powers to speech and of the press in, 211; con-
make, prohibited, 437.

stitutional amendment process, 244
Trial, by jury, 296, 441, 441 note, 446, note; legislature, 254; governor,
447.

267; board of supervisors, 304;
Trusts, law against, 74, 188; meaning county officers, 310; magisterial
of, 74 note. See Monopolies.

districts, 319 note ; cities 326 (5);
Trustees, township, 320.

suffrage restrictions, 354 note; 360
Two-thirds rule, 235.

note ; educational test, 360 note;

direct primary, 368 note; inheri-
Underwood-Simmons bill traced, tance tax, 392; educational rank,
95–97.

411; student loan fund, 414 (9).
Unemployed, insurance against, Volunteers, army, 155.
advocated, 231; aid to, 174.

Vote of two thirds, 431-433, 439,
Unit-rule, 235.

443.
United States Courts, 193–202. Votes, for president, table of, 106.
Universities, State, 400.

Voter's League, National, 67 (7),
Utah, constitutional amendment 101, 265 (9).

process, 244 note; legislature, 254; Voting, in Congress, 102 (3); viva
governor, 267; board of commis- voce, 372; by ballots, 373; by Aus-
sioners, 305; county officers, 311; tralian method, 371.
suffrage restrictions, 354
woman suffrage, 355; initiative and War, 42; powers of Congress over,
referendum, 380; educational rank, 81, 435, 437, 441; cost of, 156.
411; eight-bour law, 207.

War Council, Army, 151.
War department, 151-156; secre-

tary of, 151; cost of military estab-
Verdict, 291.

lishment, 141. See also Army.
Vermont, constitutional amendment Washington, constitutional amend-

process, 244 note; legislature, 254; ment process, 244 note; legislature,
governor, 267; extra duties of grand 254; governor, 267, 272; board of
jury, 284 note ; assistant judges, commissioners, 305; county officers,
304; county officers, 310; villages, 311; suffrage restrictions, 354 note;
327 ; suffrage restrictions, 354 note; 360 note; woman suffrage, 355; di-
direct primary, 368 note; educa- rect primary, 368 note; initiative,
tional rank, 411.

referendum, and recall, 380; educa.
Veto, President's, 47, 118, 230, 231, tional rank, 411.

note;

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