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PUBLIC LIBRARY

406612 A

ASTOR, LENOX AND TILDEN FOUNDATIONS

1930

Bacigue #in 1825-0

in $1.75

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PART II.

MILITARY AND NAVAL OFFICERS

OF THE

REVOLUTION.

Pas

1 1 1 1 1 1 2

2 2

2 2

Brig. Gen. Ethan Allen
Maj. Gen. James Clinton
Brig. Gen. George Clinton
Maj

. Gen. Horatio Gates
Maj. Gen. Nathaniel Greene
Inspector Gen. Alexander Hamilton
Col. Isaac Hayne
Maj. Gen. William Heath
Maj. Gen. Henry Knox
Maj. Gen. Benjamin Lincoln
Gen. Charles Lee
Col. Francis Marion
Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan
Maj. Gen. Richard Montgomery
Maj. Gen. Israel Putnam
Maj

. Gen. Philip Schuyler
Brig. Gen. John Stark
Maj. Gen. Authur St. Clair
Maj. Gen. John Sullivan
Col. Seth Warner
Maj. Gen. Joseph Warren
Maj. Gen. Anthony Wayne
Benedict Arnold, the Traitor
Maj. Gen. Gilbert Motier La Fayette
Maj. Gen. Baron De Steuben
Commodore John Paul Jones
Commodore John Barry
Commodore Nicholas Biddle
Commodore Edward Preble

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31 31 31 39 39 31 37 3€ 40 40

SUMMARY VIEW

OF THE CAUSES WHICH LED TO THE
AMERICAN REVOLUTION.

ALTHOUGH the narrow and illiberal policy of the British government towards her North American colonies, from their first settlement, was calculated to alienate the affections of the colonies from the parent country ; yet from their exposed situation, and babitual loyalty, this unworthy conduct, long persevered in, produced no sensible impression on the Americans : their loyalty and attachment to the interests of Britaio were not in the smallest degree impaired, down to the period of the peace of Paris in 1763. Never bad they shewn so much zeal, or made such great

sacrifices in the cause of their country, as during the preceding - war; having lost more than twenty-five thousand men, expend

1 ed all the revenues they could raise, and involved themselves na deeply in debt. Almost the whole burdens of the war in Ameri

ca had fallen on the colonies ; and their exertions were altogether disproportionate to their means, and tended greatly to impoverish and distress them. After eight years' arduous struggles, attended with the greatest sacrifices, the successful termination of the war-the dominion of France in America being relinquished forever--occasioned universal joy throughout the colonies ;

they forgot their sufferings and distresses, in the fair prospects 5. which the peace afforded.

But these prospects were of short duration ; the peace of Paris formed a new æra in the views and conduct of Great Britain towards her colonies in America. The possessions of France, in America, having been ceded to Britain, and having no longer any ; fear of her power in this hemisphere, a system of measures was

pursued towards the colonies, originating in jealousy, and tendi ing to despotism. As soon as the colonies had fought their way

to a condition, which afforded the prospect of rapidly increasing in population and wealth, attempts were made to restrict their commercial and political privileges, and gradually to reduce them to the most wretched state of colonial vassalage. For a century and a half, the colonies had been left to themselves as to taxation ; their own local assemblies bad provided the necessary revenues to defray the expenses of their governments ; and the

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