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recognise no other Foundation, for they were working in order that at His Name every knee should bow. In Him dwelt all the fulness of the Godhead bodily; He was the only wise God their Saviour.

THOUGHTS AND QUERIES RESPECTING THE “HOLY

SUPPER" AND SACRAMENTAL WINE. New Churchmen generally cannot but agree with the simple but clear exposition of the Sacrament of the Holy Supper given by the editor in the Intellectual Repository for the present month, December 1878. There are, however, a few questions in connection with this most essential ordinance upon which many might like to have the expressed ideas of the editor or of others.

The first question is with reference to the frequency of the reception of the Sacrament. Doubtless this is a matter that must be left greatly to the conscientious judgment and feeling of the individual. We know that whilst in one section of the Church of England weekly, and even oftener, reception is enjoined as a benefit, in the Presbyterian Church of Scotland the solemn remembrance has been twice a year; and again, Swedenborg gives about three times a year, accompanied with self-examination, as right and expedient. As there at times seems a tendency, even in the New Church, to advise a more frequent reception, many would like to know upon what grounds the advice is based.

Again, as regards the wine to be used as sacramental. We know that with many Christian communities this is at the present time a moot point. How it can be with New Churchmen, with correspondence before them, it is difficult to understand. Pure fermented natural wine ought alone to be used ; that is, the juice of the grape which has been freed by the process of fermentation from all the leaves or ferment it naturally contains, and has been converted from a corruptible juice into a clear, bright aromatic fluid capable of preserving itself for almost an indefinite period—a true correspondence of Divine fruit. The whole correspondence of the process

of fermentation, the action of the fungoid leaves, the evolved heat, the disengagement of the deadly carbonic acid gas, the separation of the lees, is most interesting, and ought not only to establish the propriety of using fermented wine in the Lord's Supper, but to establish in the minds of New Churchmen the entire question of alcoholic use and abuse.

Lawfulness is one question, expediency under circumstances is another. We may thankfully regard and accept fermented wine in its widest acceptation as a gift of God to men, and yet, although admitting temperance and self-command to be the highest plane, adopt the lower plane of total abstinence for the sake of the weak, avoiding at the same time judgment of those who, in accordance with conscience; judgment, and reason, adopt another course as most calculated to promote their own happy usefulness.

S. T.

Miscellaneous.

ANTISM.

ROMAN CATHOLICISM AND PROTEST- seemed to have no place left for it when

-The steady approach of the the intermediate state of souls had been Ritualistic party in the Established reduced almost to a cipher. Worst of Church to the worship and ceremonies all, the new standard appeared to be in of the Church of Rome has for some hopeless conflict with the widest experitime encouraged the hope of the friends ence; for it implied that the entire of the Papacy of receiving large acces- work of discipline was in every case sions from their ranks. These hopes fully accomplished on this side the have not been fulfilled to the extent grave; that every soul passed away into anticipated. The numbers that have the unseen in a state of ripeness for a passed over, though considerable, are final destiny of bliss or woe. But viosmall compared with those that remain. lence begets violence. Within the last To hasten this work of conversion (or twenty years a reaction has arisen, under perversion) the Abbé Martin wrote a the force of which a crowd of Protestpaper in the August number of the ants, and even many who deem them. Contemporary Review, under the title selves to be the cream of Protestantism, “What hinders Ritualists from becom- have adopted ideas of trial and purgaing Roman Catholics ?” This paper has tory beyond the grave, which vastly ex. naturally attracted attention, and two ceed in latitude anything ever taught by papers in reply have appeared in the the Church of Rome.” Both Mr. Glad. same periodical. The first of these is by stone and Dr. Littledale dwell largely Mr. Gladstone, and treats almost exclu- on the moral side of Roman Catholisively on the historical side of the ques- cism. “That scandal of scandals,” says tion. Protestantism is enamoured of Mr. Gladstone, “which I have set forth, the truth, and cannot overlook nor dis- the acceptance and commendation of regard the lessons of history. The the Decamerone [of Boccaccio—'a promoral and religious condition of the duction saturated from top to toe with the Papacy led to the Reformation. The pagan spirit'-) from the Roman chair, Protestant and the Anglican tradition was effected amidst the storm of religious in this country start from a position war in France and in the Low Coun. allowed by all, that the Christian Church tries, and one year only after the same in general had, in the course of time, reigning pontiff had struck a medal and fallen away in various particulars from ordered a thanksgiving in honour of its purity. This was the state of de- the massacre of Saint Bartholomew." clension which prevailed until the six-“Our general experience,” says Dr. teenth century. This led to the Re. Littledale, “is that conversion to formation under Luther; but in England Rome involves, in a large majority of the Reformation period left the Church instances, sudden, serious, and permain a state of conflict between two schools, nent intellectual and moral deteriora. both determined on rejecting the juris- tion, especially as to the quality of diction of Rome, but seriously differing truthfulness. Of this the writer gives on questions of doctrine and ritual. In some striking examples. In a rejoinder this conflict many doctrines held by to these articles the Abbé adduces abunRome, some of which Mr. Gladstone dant evidence of the little sympathy the seems to regard with a lingering affec- Ritualists have with the Reformation or tion, were rejected by the Anglican the Reformers, and of the nearness of Church. Among these he enumerates their approach to Romanism without Prayers for the Dead, the Doctrine of crossing the line that separates them the Intermediate State, the Eucharist, from it. It may perhaps be said," and some others. On the subject of he remarks, " within the limits of the Intermediate State Mr. Gladstone truth, that the Ritualists accept all writes : “ With the obscuration of an the beliefs and all the practices of universal tradition there came, indeed, the Roman Catholic Church, with manifold confusions of doctrine : the very rare exceptions. It is certainly far final judgment, with its solemn import, easier to enumerate the things which

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they do not receive than those which body, he says: “If you abandon the they do; as, for example, the Immacu. interpretations of grosser minds, who late Conception, and the supreme juris- imagine the soul as a Psyche which diction and infallibility of the Pope in could be thrown out of the window-an his capacity as head of the Church.” entity which is usually occupied, we The Abbé struggles manfully to weaken, know not how, among the molecules of if he cannot overcome, the istorical the brain, but which on due occasion, argument; and has no hesitation in such as the intrusion of a bullet or the placing the authority of the Church blow of a club, can fly away into other above history and all other human regions of space. If, abandoning this authority. The authority of the Church heathen notion, you approach the subis presented with the most unhesitating ject in the only way in which approach assurance. Every Catholic is to yield to is possible ; if you consent to make its authority. Not, indeed,” says the your soul a poetic rendering of a phenoAbbé,“ that the Catholic has recourse menon which, as I have taken more pains to the Church to know what he is to than any one else to show you, refuses think at all times and on all subjects, the yoke of ordinary physical laws, then but he always cherishes this mental I, for one, would not object to this exerreservation, Salvo ecclesiæ judicio—that cise of ideality. I say it strongly, but is to say, in all cases in which his views with good temper, that the theologian, incur the reprobation of the Church, the or the defender of theology, who hacks Catholic must be ready to submit to and scourges me for putting the ques. offer any explanation that may be de- tion in this light is guilty of black inmanded, and, if needful, to retract his gratitude." The same sentiment is own opinions. In other words (for it is repeated in equally vigorous language important to be clear in a matter on in relation to the “creative hypothesis,' which prejudice is so strong), the su- and the same sentiment is expressed preme rule for the judgment of the towards those who,“having relinquished Catholic is not his own historical the views of the mechanical theologian, studies, aided or unaided by other men, desire for the satisfaction of feelings (of but the authority of the Church.” wonder), which I admit to be in great to their will? The true theologian will arranged in various places in Lancashire. thankfully accept from Dr. Tyndall, A course of four lectures has been deor any other competent teacher, the livered at Failsworth; the lecturers discoveries of scientific truth, but may being the Revs. W. Westall, I. Tansley, reasonably object to be bound by his P. Ramage, and C. H. Wilkins. The theoretic conjectures.

part those of humanity at large, to give DR. TYNDALL ON THE Soul.—The ideal form to the power that moves all controversy which time since things,-it is not by me that you will sprung up between Professors Helm- find objections raised to this exercise of holtz and Virchow on the modern doc- ideality when consciously and worthily trine of evolution so clearly touched the carried out.” speculations of Dr. Tyndall that he has It is much to be regretted that there made the essay of Dr. Virchow the sub- should be any "hacking and scourging" ject of an article in the November num- of Dr. Tyndall in this controversy, or any ber of the Nincteenth Century. We refer untowardness of temper manifested in to this article to note some of the state. conducting it. It is a question for calm ments in it respecting the soul. The and dispassionate inquiry and discusimpossibility of arriving at a know- sion; and whether or not the Christian ledge of the soul from an exclusive advocate can convince Dr. Tyndall of investigation of the body is nowhere the utter inadequacy of his theory to more clearly stated than in some of the account for the facts of consciousness, recent utterances of Dr. Tyndall: “If you and to explain the evidences of mindare content to make your soul a poetic action, they ought to be able to conrendering of a phenomenon which refuses vince the candid and reflecting that the yoke of ordinary physical laws, I, for there are more things in the nature of one, would not object to this exercise man than are dreamt of in this philo. of ideality.” This is his statement in sophy. Are there no laws in creation his presidential address delivered before but the “ordinary physical laws”? Are the Birmingham and Midland Institute, not spiritual laws, which “refuse the October 1st, 1877. The same opinion yoke of these ordinary physical laws,' is repeated and emphasized in this as real and as influential in their own paper in the Nineteenth Century. To sphere as the laws of material existence? those who retain the idea of the soul as Do they not, indeed, dominate these distinct from and acting in and by the laws of matter, and make them subject

some

attendances were very good, and the

lectures well received. The Rev. P. WEEKLY OFFERTORY. — With the Ramage has delivered two of a course of commencement of the year Societies four lectures at Rhodes. The last two, are often led to consider their financial by the Revs. W. Westall and C. H. affairs and the best means of their Wilkins, will be delivered after Christprudent management. At the pre- mas. The attendance at Mr. Ramage's sent time considerable diversity of lectures was remarkably good : reports practice prevails. One of the methods of these lectures have appeared in the extensively adopted of late years is the local papers. Two lectures have been Weekly Offertory. The advocates of delivered at Lancaster to moderate audi. this system claim for it apostolic ences by the Revs. W. Westall and P. authority; urging in its support the Ramage. Two lectures have also been instruction of the Apostle to the delivered at Darwen by the Rev. P. Churches of Galatia and Corinth con- Ramage. The attendance at the former cerning the collection for the saints at of these was thin in consequence of very Jerusalem, “Upon the first day of the unfavourable weather. The Rev. C. H. week let every one of you lay by him Wilkins has delivered two lectures at in store, as God hath prospered him” Skipton at the request of the Embsay (1 Cor. xvi. 2). The system has suc- Society; and the Rev. J. Presland of ceeded beyond expectation in many London has delivered two lectures, one congregations, while it has failed in in the Temperance Hall, Grosvenor others—its failure being generally as- Street, All Saints, and the other at the cribed to defective management. The Pendleton Club, Manchester, to small Argyle Square Manual gives the follow. audiences. Of these fourteen lectures ing account of its working in that we are only able to give a fuller account Society :

of the following :The proceeds of the Offertory since The Rev. W. Westall lectured at our last announcement have been as Failsworth on the subject of “ Jesus the follows : August, £14, 10s. 3d ; Septem- great God-Man.” He showed that to the ber, £14, 5s. 11d. ; October, £26, 2s. 1d.; question “What think ye of Christ ? ” total for the three months, £54, 18s. 3d. the answers of to-day were as various as

“ As the Offertory was introduced at in our Lord's time. Some said BeArgyle Square Church on the evening hold man,' Behold God,” and of Sunday, November 8th, 1874, it com- some “Behold the Lamb of God," but pleted the fourth year of its existence he (the lecturer) would add another and on the morning of Sunday the 11th of say, “Behold the great God-Man." He November. It is satisfactory to notice then showed that there were four classes a further most gratifying increase in the of testimony concerning Jesus in the annual proceeds, which since its es- New Testament. First, the testimony tablishment have been as follows:- that He was a man, whence He was

Weekly spoken of as the Son of Mary, being also,

Average. as was supposed, the Son of Joseph, and

d. £ s. d. the Son of David ; second, that of Jesus 1874-5 (fifty-three Sun

and of His Apostles to His Manhoud, days)

who spoke of Him as "the Son of Man 1876-7 (owing to the

and “the Man Christ Jesus ;” third, the Restoration, the

testimony of the same as to His Divinity, Church was only open on forty-six Sundays) 192 4 10

whence they also spoke of Him as 4 3 81

:

9

some

Total for the Year. £ S,

161 18 3
196 14 9

3 1 1
3 15 8

1875-6

“ Master and Lord ” and “the Son of

God ;” and fourth, that of the EvangeMANCHESTER AND SALFORD NEW. lists and Apostles as to His sole and exCHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.-Under clusive Deity, that He was “Emanuel, the auspices of the above Society seve- God with us, “God manifest in the ral short courses of lectures have been flesh,” “God over all blessed for ever,”

4 3 7

1877-8

217 12 2

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and that “in Him dwelleth all the ful- lecture questions were publicly asked ness of the Godhead bodily." Keeping and answered to the apparent satisfacto the testimony of Jesus and of His tion of the audience. The attendance Apostles, and to that of His life, the was slightly better than last year, but lecturer showed that Jesus was at birth not equal to former years. It was said a Divine Man, having Divine endow- that the lecturers are now known to be ments and gifts, and therefore that He of the Swedenborgian Church, and became in His Humanity, when_glori- several hesitate to come on that ground. fied, the personal form of the Father Those who were there are favourable, and the embodiment of His infinite per. and are eagerly reading New Church fections. Thus the answer to the ques- literature. Reporters were present, and tion “What think ye of Christ ?” was, brief notices of the lecture appeared in the lecturer argued, not that He was the local papers. Man alone, or God alone, but the great God-Man. The lecture was listened to NATIONAL MISSIONARY INSTITUTION. with deep attention, and provoked con- -Since leaving Liverpool at the end of siderable thought, which was evinced October Mr. Gunton has paid missionby the questions privately put to the ary visits to Brightlingsea, Wincanton, lecturer after the lecture. The attend- Marlborough, Market Lavington, and ance was good.

Ipswich. The lecture at Marlborough At Lancaster Mr. Westall lectured was the first public lecture on the on the subject of “ Hell, or God's Treat- doctrines of the New Church in that ment of the Lost.” The lecturer referred town, so far as we know : it was well to the changes which had come over attended in the Town Hall, kindly lent the Christian belief on the subject of by the Mayor for the purpose, about hell, and the difficulty now experienced two hundred were present, and thirtyby educated persons in believing in five copies of the Silent Missionaries eternal torments. He argued against were sold. The friends at Wincanton the theories for the non-eternity of hell— are ably led in the Sunday services by by the universal restoration of infernals Mr. Pocock and Mr. Sweetman, and are on the one hand, or by their annihila- making satisfactory progress. tion on the other—as scripturally and The services and lectures at the other rationally unsound. The lecturer elabor- towns, considering the time of the year ated the following propositions : First, and state of the weather, were as well that God punishes no one, but that evil attended as could be expected. Mr. punishes itself ; second, that the Lord Gunton has also lectured and preached permits evil to punish itself, not in in the Temperance Hall, Tottenham, vengeance, but in mercy, that He may where he had first to encounter apathy, thereby restrain evil indulgence and and next somewhat violent opposition; mitigate infernal woe; third, that hell is a local preacher and others taking upon as much subject to the Lord as heaven, themselves to advise the audience not but the principle by which order is en- to purchase the books. forced in hell is fear, whilst that by which it is secured in heaven is love; THE ITALIAN MISSION.-The General fourth, that the Lord has subjected hell Conference, at its sitting in August last, to Himself, not only for the mitigation reappointed a committee to procure of infernal woe, but also that it may be subscriptions to assist in carrying on subservient to His own Divine ends, and this mission. Professor Scocia is perthat it may be made to minister to the forming an important use in dissemwork of human instruction. The last inating a knowledge of the doctrines of of these propositions the lecturer illus- the New Church in Italy, but unfortrated by Judas, who was a “son of tunately he has no means of his own, perdition,” but who was made to minis- and depends in a great measure upon ter to the work of the Lord ; and by the generosity of his brethren in this that greatest and most atrocious of all country and in America. · The liberality crimes, the betrayal of the Son of Man of the subscribers during the last Conwith a kiss, was made to minister to ference year enabled the Committee to that most stupendous work of mercy, remit him £80, and, relying on their viz., the cross, and the redemption, and appeal for funds being responded to, consequent salvation of man. After the the Committee have undertaken to send

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