ePub 版

Into what fields of knowledge unsurpassed

Securely hast thou led my happy feet, Around me bloom a thousand lovely flowers

Of hues most exquisite and scent most sweet. By sparkling waters I have sat me down

Fatigued and wearied, heart and mind oppressed, Have quenched my thirst at those celestial streams,

Then felt a sense of sweet and perfect rest.

Amid the mansions of my Father's house

With noiseless steps my reverent feet have trod, I've heard the softly-swelling harmonies

Of those blest souls made kings and priests to God. What landscapes glorious have met my gaze

Of mountain, valley, hill, or wooded plain, Containing each within its beauteous self

Some meaning for the seeking soul to gain ! And thou didst cleanse the tablet of my mind

From lowering, commonplace, material thought, Graving instead in fairest characters

Most righteous truths by the great Master taught.

For thou hast led me ever to adore

Jehovah-Jesus as my Lord alone, Divinely human, humanly Divine,

Suffering no other God to share His throne.

So when I kneel before the Infinite,

The Lord of heaven, and earth, and air, and sea, Acknowledging His rich and varied gifts,

I thank Him more especially for thee. It may be that in those celestial climes

I shall be introduced, dear friend, to thee, Then will I offer my heart's most fervent thanks

For all the joy that thou hast been to me.

Meantime within my mind and in my life

Let me embody all thy noblest thought, That sweetest blossoms and the fairest fruit

May mark the lessons by thy wisdom taught.

L. T.


EVANGELICALISM ; ITS TENDENCY AND sumed was logically that of the Papacy ; ISSUES. — The origin and progress of what and the movement had in it, therefore, a is called the Evangelical revival in England strong and natural tendency to Rome. have of late engaged considerable attention. “A pamphlet recently printed enumerates The Reformation was a protest against the about three thousand. Of these several intolerable corruptions of the Papacy. It hundreds were clergymen, and persons of gave a temporary earnestness to religious title are also numerous. The converts to thought, but its sun went down ere it was Romanism are not all from the Tractarian day. The Puritanism which succeeded the party. Some are from the Evangelical first efforts of the Reformation was over- party, others from Presbyterianism, and shadowed by the widespread scepticism the merest handful from Nonconformity." which gave rise to the well-known words It is a remarkable circumstance that three of Bishop Bitler, inserted in the advertise- out of the four sons of Mr. Wilberforce ment of his “Analogy." The state of should have gone over to the Church of deadness in the Church continued with Rome. little change until the rise of Methodism, Into Mr. Gladstone's discussion of the and in still more recent times the Evan- causes which have led to these results we gelical and Tractarian movements. The cannot enter. The causes enumerated do Evangelical revival was distinguished by not reach to the interior spiritual causes its Calvinism, the Tractarian by the setting which are active in all religious move. up of the Church, which has led the way ments. In Mr. Gladstone's conclusion to Rome. An exaggerated estimate of the members of the New Church will heartily extent and influence of the Evangelical unite : "It is a blessed thing to think movement, made by Mr. Lecky in his that behind the blurred aspect of that “History of England in the Eighteenth cause, which we see as in a glass darkly, Century," has led Mr. Gladstone to devote there is the eye of One to whom all is a paper in the British Quarterly to the light, and who subdues to His own high “Evangelical Movement; its Parentage, and comprehensive, and perhaps for that Progress, and Issue." Until the close of reason remote, purposes all the partial and the reign of George III. the Evangelical transitory phenomena with which we are clergy probably did not exceed one in so sorely perplexed.” twenty of the whole clerical body. They were distinguished by their zeal and fer- DOUBT IN THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND.vour, and, says Mr. Gladstone, “far out- One of the most recent conversions to weighed the heroes of the ballroom and the Church of Rome is that of the the hunting-field, or the inert, half-ani- Rev. Orby Shipley, M.A., who, at mated minds and perfunctory perforniers the request of the editor of the Nineof a minimum of stipulated duty, who teenth Century, has given

of supplied so considerable a number of the his reasons for change of ecclesiastical clerical host. On the other hand, it must obedience in a paper under the title of be remembered that the massive learning, an Apology for Doubt in the Church which never wholly deserted the Church, of England." The reasons assigned for and the prepondering share of purely change of community are various, but in intellectual force were never theirs, and Mr. Shipley's opinion the change results perhaps were not in all cases adequately from two principal causes. The first of valued by them." It is a singular circum- these is the objections and difficulties which stance that the Tractarian movement, exist in the ecclesiastical position of the which has exerted so powerful an influ- Church of England; and the second ence on the most recent history of the the manifold ways and means by which Church, is clearly traceable in some of God's Holy Spirit is pleased to influence its beginnings to the Evangelicals. This the human mind, to perceive these diffiwas confessedly the with Dr., culties, and to realize these objections. now Cardinal, Newman. The distinctive The measure of these difficulties and speech of the Tractarians was of Church objections is their relation to the Church and Priesthood, of Sacraments and Services, of Rome. The infallibility of the Papacy as “the vesture under the varied folds of is quietly assumed throughout the paper. which the form of the Divine Redeemer The Church is an inspired community, the was to be exhibited to the world, in a way infallible expounder of the truth ; and her capable of, and suited for, transmission members having relinquished all claim to by a collective body, from generation to the exercise of their own judgment, or to generation.” The ground they thus as- the guidance of the Word apart from the





[ocr errors]

authoritative teaching of the Church, have the diocese; provided always that this entered into peace. Mental conflict is at rubric shall not be understood to repeal an end, doubt is banished, and the soul the 24th, 25th, and 58th Canons of 1604.". reposes on the authority of men as fallible Another question which has occupied as themselves, and in a community whose the attention of Convocation in the revision history shows an utter departure from the of the rubrics has been the Athanasian teaching of the Word and the example of Creed. On the addition to the rubric in the Saviour. The teaching and ritualistic this case the Times in a leader says: "The practices of an advanced party in the new rubric proposed by Convocation to be Established Church has certainly led to a attached to the Athanasian Creed asserts, good deal of coquetting with the Church of what is not asserted, except by being Rome. The very name of Protestant is tacitly taken for granted in the Prayer abhorred by large numbers of the clergy of Book, that the Creed only says what the Established Church. English imita. Scripture does, with the implication that tion (of Rome) reaches from the highest they who complain of it have first to settle dogma of faith to the humblest ceremonial their account with Scripture itself. The detail. It includes within the limits of assertion itself is a very strong one, for its the English Church, Roman customs, proof requires that the words, or in default Roman devotions, Roman phraseology, of the very words, the things meant by the Roman practices, Roman dress. It extends words are to be found in Scripture. Some from the office of Benediction to the shape of the terms are the terms of current of a priest's collar, or the buckle on his philosophies, and the proposed explanatory shoes; from the system of holding Retreats rubric assumes that the writers of the New to the mode of administering the Holy Testament and the ordinary Christians of Communion to laymen; from the use of the present day were and are familiar with the Canonical Hours to the use of a light the proper signification of these philosophibefore the altar." One of the consequences cal terms. When one reflects on the conof this devotion to Roman practices is an troversies and errors that have gathered atmosphere of doubt in the Anglican ronnd the words Catholic, Trinity, Persons, community. The ablest parish priests and Substance, and Incomprehensible, how the most zealous laity sooner or later be- little they are understood, and what strange come the victims of doubt. They doubt ideas they suggest to the vast mass who the catholicity of the Church to which think it hopeless ever to understand them, they belong, the efficacy of its Sacraments, it seems rather hardy to rest the Creed and its authority to teach. The effect of upon Scripture, which it is now proposed this doubt and distress of mind, according to do for the first time in the Prayer Book. to Mr. Shipley, is a large departure to Rome and a steady preparation for the con- ROMAN DOCTRINE.—One of the present tinuance and increase of this exodus. What aspects of the Church of England, as intican save the Church from this perversion mated in previous articles, is the persistent of her members? Only sound doctrine from effort of many of her preachers to restore the Word of God and the sober practice of Roman doctrine to the Church. This is the duty and discipline to which it leads. especially the case with the Association

which has been formed under the title of CONVOCATION. — Discussions extending the “ Confraternity of the Blessed Sacraover a week bave occupied the time and ment." At the recent anniversary of this attention of the two Houses of the Southern confraternity the Rev. A. H. Mackonochie Convocation on what the Guardian, the preached from John vi. 55, “For My flesh organ of the High Church party, calls the is meat indeed, and My blood is drink

trifling subject of the minister's dress." indeed." They had great cause for thankAfter occupying the Houses separately the fulness, he said, that the Church had presubject was at length settled by a compro- served the feast of Corpus Christi through mise obtained by a conference of the two so many centuries, a feast held in honour Houses. The final form which the question of the Blessed Sacrament. Jesus Christ assumed was the following addition to was truly present in the Eucharist. It what is called the Ornaments' Rubric: “In was not the priest, but God the Holy saying public prayers, or ministering the Ghost, who made the elements of bread Sacrainents or other rites of the Church, and wine the body and blood of the Lord every priest and deacon shall wear a sur- Jesus. By the power of the Holy Ghost plice, with a stole or scarf and the hood of the Virgin Mary conceived the body of his degree ; and in preaching he shall wear Jesus ; by the power of the Holy Ghost a surplice with a stole or scarf and the that body was raised from the dead after the hood of his degree, or, if he think fit, a crucifixion ; by the same power it was gown with hood and scarf ; and no other taken up to heaven on Ascension Day; ornament shall at any time be used by him and by the power of the Holy Ghost that contrary to the monition of the Bishop of same body which was born of the Virgin

[ocr errors]

Mary, raised from the dead, and ascended That one is in the full life of the Church into heaven, was now brought down from only so far as he is in pure conjugial love heaven and was present on a thousand and shuns and abominates all extra conaltars at the same time. This was indeed jugial loves; since the life of the Church a greater humiliation of our blessed Saviour is spiritual and according to Divine order." than was His life and death nineteen centuries ago. What a wonderful thought GENERAL CONVENTION OF THE NEW that, at the moment of consecration, the CHURCH IN AMERICA.—The annual meetHoly Ghost rested on the elements of bread ing of this large and influential assembly and wine, and made them truly, really, was this year held in the city of New York. and substantially the flesh and blood of At the commencement of the session a Jesus Christ that is, Jesus Christ Him- resolution was adopted heartily welcomself, the living God! "And then, brethren,” ing the Rev. J. F. Potts and Mr. Willson continued the preacher, “your God and as the representatives from the English Saviour enters your bodies under the forms Conference. All the members of the Conof bread and wine when you receive the vention who had been in England seem to blessed Eucharist. And so God is in you have spoken very cordially in support of of a truth."

this resolution, which was acknowledged

in appropriate terms by the members of SWEDENBORG ON CONJUGIAL AND the deputation. SCORTATORY LOVE.-One of the most The Messenger of June 11th is devoted to frequent objections to the teaching of a condensed report of its proceedings, which Swedenborg is raised against certain por- appear to have been of an exceedingly intions of his treatise on this subject. Per- teresting kind. From the report we learn sons who have examined the subject that the Convention was one of the largest superficially, or have been inisinformed that has ever been held. Forty-seven minisrespecting it, have formed the most mis- ters and one hundred and twenty delegates taken opinions of the Author's teaching. were present, making a total membership of They have failed to discriminate between one hundred and sixty-eight. Business of his doctrine of Conjugial Love, which is great importance to the growth and exspiritual in its nature, and thence pure, tended usefulness of the Church occupied chaste, and holy, and the disorderly the attention of the members, and led to indulgences of merely sexual connection. thoughtful discussions. “The most imThe subject was made a topic of discussion portant resolution, says the Messenger at a meeting of the ministers of the New was that which appointed a committee Church in America, and their report is a of gentlemen who were authorized to form statement of their understanding of the a corporation for the management of our Author's teaching. This report, which is publishing interest. The objection that a lucid statement of the general teaching this action would make that interest inof Swedenborg, was unanimously adopted, dependent of the Convention was shown and ends with the following conclusions : to be without foundation." The change (1) That the Lord provides for all who thus indicated seems to have been partly will receive it, “holy, pure, and clean," rendered necessary for the more convenient conjugial love, and that this alone is holding and management of trust property, according to the Divine Order; (2) That and partly for the more efficient promotion any departure from this is evil and not in of the important uses performed by the the direct order of the Lord's Providence ; Convention in the circulation of its numer(3) That the Divine Providence is in the ous publications. The arrangement will constant endeavour to restrain evil and to somewhat assimilate the action of the lead men out of evil into goodness ; (4) Church in America to that of the Church That there are degrees of evil greater and in this kingdom, with, however, an imless; and that when it is impossible to portant difference. In England the Swedenlead men at once wholly out of evil into borg Society, which is our publishing what is good and orderly, it is the effort Society, is not at all subject to the control of the Divine Providence to lead from the of the General Conference ; in America, greater to the less evils ; (5) That fornica- under the new arrangements, the corportion, pellicacy, and concubinage of every ation is to be subject to the Convention so kind and degree are evil in the sight of far at least as this can be legally accomthe Lord, but are permitted as a temporary plished. means of escape from worse evils, accord- The reports of the several Associations, ing to the laws stated above, by which the which are confederations of Societies, Lord seeks to restrain men from evils of following apparently the State divisions of every kind and to lead them to good. the country, indicated a large amount of And in this way those who could not earnest labour and gave evidence of the otherwise be restrained may be kept in a continued advancement of the Church. state in which they can be reformed; (6) The report of the Massachusetts Associa.

[ocr errors]

tion stated that two of the oldest and most their trial, to lift only the more bright and respected ministers of the Association, untarnished the pure lamp of the Lord's namely, the Revs. Thomas Worcester, D.D., truth to shine anid the darkness of the and T. B. Heyward, had been removed to world around them. The report of the the spiritual world during the past year, Board of Missions led to a lengthened and a resolution recognising the eminent discussion, ending in the adoption of a uses of these distinguished ministers was resolution leaving the Associations to manpassed by the Convention. The report of age the missionary work within their own the Executive Committee contained several limits according to their own best judgsuggestions. One of these related to the ment, and directing the Board of Missions mode of conducting the meetings of the Con- to conduct the missionary operations of vention, and to the order of its proceedings. the Convention in the portions of the The committee suggested : (i) That the country not within the bounds of any Committee of Arrangements bé appointed Association, and as far as possible in the at least six months before the meeting of direction of building up Societies of the Convention, that time may be given for the Church or forming circuits which may careful preparation of the addresses and soon become self-supporting. This resolusermons; (2) That the business sessions tion, which seemed to remove all action of he made as short as possible, and that in the Board from missionary labour in the those sessions all subjects giving rise to Associations, is explained by a subsequent discussion of details be referred at once to resolution, which enacts that it is not to appropriate committees ; (3) That as large be so construed as to prevent the Board a part of the time of the Convention as of Missions from aiding the Associations possible be given to the hearing of carefully- which need aid, but yet leaving them to prepared addresses and papers upon im- manage the work within their own limits portant subjects. These recommendations in their own way. While, therefore, the Ied to an important discussion, in which Convention is prepared to sustain the the leading members of the Convention missionary operations in which it has took part. It is clear from these resolu- hitherto been engaged, it is evidently tions and from the discussion they excited resolved on entering upon new ground. that a feeling which is steadily rising in The resolution had special relation to the England has also taken possession of the South, which is said to be ready to receive Church in America. The feeling is that the Heavenly Doctrines. “Some of the our Conferences are too much confined to ablest men in the South,” said Dr. Dyke, the merely secular side of our Church life, are New Church persons.". The Dr. also and that we need to give more attention to expressed an opinion that in some portions the intellectnal, which is the spiritual side of the South a missionary circuit wonld of the Church. It is the growing desire of become in a few years self-supporting. many earnest members of the New Church The plan, therefore, is not confined to the to make our Conferences the means of not opening of new fields of labour, but extends only suggesting the best modes of external to the appointment of mission circuits and organization and labour, but also of the settlement of a missionary minister in quickening the zeal of the Church by an each. Speaking of the mode of missionary increased knowledge of its doctrines and labour hitherto pursued, the Rev. Mr. a more intelligent acquaintance with the Fox of Washington said: “We have a spiritual grounds on which the doctrines strong desire to help those missionaries who rest and the evidences by which they are go about independently sowing the seeil sustained.

broadcast. He might call them 'vagrant' The Committee on Foreign Correspond- missionaries—though vagrant, they were ence recommended the following resolu- very useful. He had recently read Mr. tions, which were adopted by the Conven- Field's new work on the · History of the tion : (1) That the Board of Missions be New Church.' It was deeply interesting. requested to appropriate 150 dollars each Mr. Field had been a vagrant, but a very to the support of Signor Loreto Scocia useful missionary. Dr. Hibbard, in those in the work of the Italian Mission, and old days when he lived in a buggy and to the Rev. A. Boyesen of Stockholm, went about with his wife from house to Sweden, during the present year; (2) That house, was a vagrant but useful missionthis Convention desires to express its deep ary.” In seeking to supersede this “vasympathy for our brethren in Vienna, grant” style of missionary work by one of Austria, who are suffering under the oppres- steady persistent labour in a few places, sion of the religious laws of that Govern- thereby establishing and nursing Societies ment; and that we bid them bold fast to until they are able to walk alone, America the truth, trusting and praying that the is pointing the way to this country. Lord will, in His providence, bring them With our American brethren as with again to the enjoyment of the freedom of ourselves, the

training of young men for public worship, and enable them, after our ministry is still the day of small

« 上一頁繼續 »