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ing a balance against the Society of the general tone of the report is cheerful £5235." Yet notwithstanding this un. and hopeful. prosperous state of the finances, the single exception of the college in The brief notice we have thus given Madagascar, every building and land of these meetings will probably have purchase sanctioned by the Board for suggested a reflection which is noticed the enlargement and strengthening of by Lord Northbrook in his address to the the Society's work has been completed Baptist Missionary Assembly. Chrisand paid for, the sum thus paid amount- tian missions thus far have been most ing to £12, 100.” The number of mission- successful among the least enlightened aries on the roll is 141, and that of portions of the heathen world. They female missionaries 12; the number of succeed in the South Sea Islands, in native workers employed in various Madagascar and Fiji, and among the degrees of Christian service, as pastors, hill tribes of India. They make but evangelists, assistants, and missionaries, slight impression on the cultured races is, apart from those in Madagascar, 300; of India. English learning is underto these Madagascar adds 83, trained in mining the faith of the Hindoos, but it the college in Antananarivo, besides the is also undermining the dogmatic teach500 assistant pastors and evangelists, ing of orthodox Christianity. A wiser and the 3400 volunteer preachers, who conception of the great truths of Chris. also share in the public instruction of tian faith and life is essential to the the 200,000 people composing, the conversion of those among whom lingers thousand congregations in the island. the broken fragments of former revelaSpecial satisfaction has been felt by the tions. The general fermentation of missionary brethren in the character, religious opinion, and the distrust and attainments, and work of these native scepticism to which it often leads, are ministers in Madagascar. “ Amid the but the preliminary stages of a new and large number of willing, though often higher discovery of truth to which the ill-qualified, instructors of the churches, God of truth is doubtless leading the these young men stand forth as simple, nations of the earth. modest, devoted, and able workers. The Society's work in Madagascar has The Baptist Missionary Society held been so successful that the committee its annual meeting in Exeter" Hall, again refer to it. They say : “In Mada- which was crowded by an enthusiastic gascar it is only ten years since the idols assembly. The Committee were fortuwere burnt, and there are now 67,729 nate in securing the services of the Earl church members, 386 native pastors, of Northbrook, late Governor-General 156 evangelists, and 3468 native of India, as chairman. The report, an preachers. Referring to the question abstract of which was read, reviewed of Government interference, the Imerina the Society's work in India, China, committee remark, With regard to Africa, Brittany, Norway, Italy, thé the government of the churches, it may West Indies, and other places. be well to say that the churches are at financial report states that a debt has liberty to manage their own affairs, been incurred of £3364, 5s., which is without any interference from secular or entirely due to an increase of £3823 in outside authority The missions of the expenditure. The ordinary receipts the Society have been long established of the Society are only £27, 3s. 60. less and very successful in other portions of than those of the preceding year, and the globe, as the South Sea Islands, this notwithstanding the depression of China, South Africa, and other places. trade. The total receipts have amounted A mission has been commenced in to £46,092, as against £50,068 in the Central Africa, and the first stage of its previous year.” The speech of the experience passed through. It has been chairman was sympathetic with the interrupted in its progress, but hopes work of the Society. Referring to the are entertained that it will surmount pioneers of the Society in India, he said : the difficulties with which it has had to “ It is now twenty-five years since I contend. The mission in South Africa made the friendship of Mr. John Clarke is also affected by the unhappy war Marshman, and a few years afterwards which is now raging in its vicinity. he was good enough to send me a copy Yet notwithstanding these drawbacks of a book which many of you here pre




sent may know very well, called 'The After referring to the progress of English Lives of Carey, Marshman, and Ward.' education, which has undermined the I read that book then with the deepest superstitions of the Hindoo religion, interest, and I have often referred to it and to the work of Keshub Chunder since, and there is no man who has read Sen, he says: “I believe that nothing it carefully who will not retain for the but good can come of the acceptance of rest of his life a feeling of admiration at the great truth of the unity of God, and the work that was done in India by I trust and hope that out of these in. those three men. The name of William tellectual difficulties, which after all we Carey, as was said after his death, has know are not confined to the East, the become a household word in the mouths truth will prevail, and that we shall see of all those who fear God and speak the at least among the educated Hindoos of Anglo-Saxon tongue. It is mainly India before long a great progress to. owing to these men that the Word of wards the acceptance of the truths of God has been translated into the various Christianity. What precise form of languages which spread over the British Church government, or even of dog. dominions in India. By their own ex- matic thcology, the Indian Church may ertions, before they died, they con- assume I believe no man can see, and I, tributed £60,000 to the work of missions for one, by no means consider that it is in India. They started the college at a thing to be desired that the native Serampore, which now remains ; and Church should take upon itself any parwere foremost in advocating the improve- ticular form of positive Christianity ments which have taken place in the which at present prevails in this country social condition of India by the abolition or in Europe. Our dogmatic differences, of infanticide, the spread of education, as it seems to me, have arisen from the and of all those great measures which history of Europe and of England, and reflect so great a credit upon the British it seems to me that it is some advan. rule in India.” The portion of Lord tage to the Christians of India that they Northbrook's speech which will most may go, if they please, to the first truths interest the general Christian pub- of the Gospel, without guarding themlic, and members of the New Church selves at every point against what people quite as much as members of other are pleased to call the heresy of their Christian communities, is his account of neighbours.” the general progress of Christianity in India. On this subject he said : “I MISSIONARY AND TRACT SOCIETY OF have been often asked what is the general THE NEW CHURCH. — The fifty-eighth effect of missions in India. Is Chris- anniversary of this Society was held on tianity extending over that great country Wednesday, May 21st, in Argyle Square which is confined to the rule of Great Church. The meeting commenced at Britain ? And if not, when are we to seven o'clock, and was opened by the expect to see some great change pass singing of a hymn, followed with a over the face of the land in which we all prayer by the Rev. Dr. Bayley. The of us take so deep an interest ? I would Rev. J. Presland as chairman said that not try to deceive this or any other as- our predecessors who were engaged in sembly. So far as I saw when I was in the special work they were about to India, I could not say that there is any consider, when they went to the various very great sign of the extension of the places for the purpose of lecturing, Christian religion either among the generally attracted the attention of the educated Hindoos or among the Mahom- public and were favoured with crowded medan population of India. There has audiences, or on the contrary, were been, I am thankful to say, a consider. mobbed and driven from the town as able extension of Christianity among promulgators of false doctrine. In some of the wild tribes of the country; these times, however, there was neither and since I left India I have heard of a intense interest nor decided opposition, very great accession of Christians in the but comparative indifference. But if it Presidency of Madras; and I must tell was now no longer possible to create you that in the remarks I have just such excitement, it arose from the fact made I refer to Bengal in the north of that so much had already been accomIndia, and not to the south-a country plished. The doctrines of the New of which I have no personal knowledge." Church were no longer regarded in the



same light as they once were. Progress borg," which called forth the first edition had been made. The Writings were of the “ Appeal. Then, again, the spread broadcast throughout the land, Society had sent the Rev. Dr. Bayley to and very many persons were more or less lecture at Brighton, and the “ Brighton familiar with them. Mere curiosity Lectures” was the result. Then there had been satisfied, and the anxious was the indirect mass of literature questions of those really seeking after printed by this Society, ranging from truth had been answered. But though the four-page tract to those the missionary's labours were no longer elaborate and substantial works, such attended with such manifest success on as Noble's " Appeal,” to which he had the one hand, or violent hostility on just alluded. After all, however, the the other, they were far deeper and Church hitherto has had to read the wider in their influence. This Associa. word “missionary” in a very restricted tion had two distinctive features, and sense. Is not the time, however, com. must therefore be considered in its ing when the New Church shall have to double capacity—as a missionary and a send missionaries to every land to pro. tract distributor. First, it was founded pagate the glorious truths she holds so especially for missionary work. Able dear? India was already calling for it. men who had themselves received the The Society and its efforts were but yet doctrines were sent forth by this Society in its infancy; but from the example to proclaim with their lips those and efforts of those who had toiled so doctrines unto others. This was par. incessantly in the past, we of the preticularly the missionary's work, and his sent ought to feel ourselves moved to voice had been effectual in propagating extend the good cause in the years which the truth throughout the length and have yet to come. Those who had probreadth of the land. These efforts were fited by Noble's " · Appeal” or the not restricted to London simply, for there “Silent Missionaries,” in the knowledge was not a town in England of any im- of the truth and the love of what is portance where the Missionary and good, were bound in gratitude to lend a Tract Society had not carried the helping hand to this praiseworthy institudoctrines of the Church; so that as a tion. From the secretary's report it ap. missionary institution alone, established peared that much useful work had been for the purpose of sending men forth to done by the Society during the past year. declare these truths to mankind, it well 3348 books, comprising Noble's * Ap; deserved the hearty co-operation and peal,” the “Silent Missionaries,” and support of all New Church men. Then, other collateral works, had been sold or secondly, it was a Tract Society. St. presented. And 21,170 pamphlet tracts, Paul had said “faith cometh by hear- and 27,000 of the four-page tracts, had ing,” but if Paul were living now he during the past year been distributed or would say that faith came also by read- sold, making a total circulation in round ing. From the very commencement this numbers of fifty thousand tracts. The Society had been most energetic in its Committee being fully aware of the endeavours to lay the truths of the New strong tendency now existing, especially Church before the public mind by means among the educated classes, to call in of the press, and perhaps the Church question the inspiration of the Divine owed more of its success to this one source Word, availed themselves of the pages than to any other, On one occasion it of the Contemporary Review for the pur. had sent the venerable and

Rev. S. Noble pose of disseminating the rational and to lecture at the Albion Hall (not the spiritual views of the New Church on this present one at Dalston), and not only most important subject. Accordingly was it the means of establishing a Society 6500 copies of the Rev. C. Giles' tract there, but the substance of those lectures entitled “ What is Inspiration ?" were had been enlarged and printed, and stitched up in the January number for the formed the book called “The Plenary perusal of the readers of that number. Inspiration.” On another occasion the The Committee also decided to vary the same gentleman was sent to Norwich, recipients of the Society's bounty, and and a certain Mr. Beaumont, feeling it as the clergy had been pretty well plied his duty to oppose the views propounded with books and pamphlets from them by the lecturer, wrote his “Anti-Sweden. during the past year, they forwarded &

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"The Spiritual World, the moved the following resolution : “That World of Life and Cause,” accompanied the usefulness of this Society as a by the Annotated Catalogue of Sweden- missionary agency claims

the full borg's Writings, to the fellows, members, sympathy and support of all the friends and licentiates the Royal College of of the New Church cause.

The rePhysicians. The list of publications had solution was seconded by Mr. Gunton, been most usefully augmented by the ad- who recalled many of his experiences in dition of two new books: first, "A Man- town and country which showed a aal of the New Church Doctrines,” com- decided spirit of inquiry, and frequently piled by Mr. Edmund Swift, jun., of of sympathy for the broad and rational Liverpool, which presents in a clear and views of the New Church. He referred concise manner the distinctive doctrines to the formation of Societies recently at of our Church, and forms a comprehen- Sparkbrook and Greenock as hopeful sive compendium of New Church theo- signs. He read portions of his correlogy. The second book referred to is spondence with ministers and preachers Emanuel Swedenborg, the Spiritual of other denominations who had come to Columbus.”

This work has been pur- regard our doctrines more than favourchased from its author, and is now the ab- ably. Finally, he enforced the necessity solute property of the Society. For both of securing at an early date a missionary books the Committee feel certain they to devote himself exclusively to London : may predict a long career of usefulness. this, though the first thing to look forDuring the last twelve months the ward to, was not the whole, for many missionary employed by the “National missionaries might be usefully employed Missionary Institution,” Mr. Gunton, had they the means to sustain them in has delivered 110 lectures and discourses their work. in various parts of the country, sold over 1000 copies of the “Silent Mission- MANCHESTER AND SALFORD MISaries,” and has been instrumental in SIONARY SOCIETY. The sixty-third doing much good work. The treasurer's annual meeting of this Society was report showed a balance in hand of held in the schoolroom, Peter Street, about £100. Mr. H. T. W. Elliott on the evening of Tuesday, June 17th. read his report as secretary of the Tea was provided as usual, after which Auxiliary Missionary and Tract Society the chair was taken by Mr. Jonathan of the New Church, which showed that Robinson, the president of the Society, this branch of the parent Society had who, after the formal opening of the been very busy during the last year, and meeting, called upon the secretary to was now in a most healthy condition. read the report. The report stated that The members had increased from 125 to during the past year the work carried 155, of which number 23 are active, 79 on by the committee had consisted of corresponding, and 53 honorary mem- the usual pulpit supplies to the Societies bers. Much time had been given to the without ministers, special arrangements examination of theological publications, for Sunday services during the Conand much interesting correspondence ference held in Salford in August last, had ensued. Several letters were read and lectures during the winter months, from clergymen and other gentlemen, Particulars relating to these several showing that the Society had succeeded branches of missionary labour occupy in checking many errors which had the body of the report. The colporteur's gone forth respecting the doctrines of report stated that during the year he our Church, and that much valuable had preached one hundred and four work had been accomplished. One sermons, delivered six lectures and interesting fact was that during the twenty-seven addresses, and held eight last year this Society had succeeded in cottage meetings for conversations on making an arrangement with the editor the doctrines of the Word.

He has of the Christian World, whereby the spent thirty days in the Potteries, visiting weekly insertion of items of New Church Longton, Stoke, Hanley, Burslem, Tun. news in that paper had been secured. stall, Newcastle, Congleton, and MacAfter addresses by Dr. Collingwood, clesfield. He has spent two hundred Mr. Higham, and others in connection and thirty days in Manchester and Sal. with the business of the Institution, the ford, and in visiting the towns and Rev. Professor Tafel in an able address : villages lying within ten miles of Man


done so.

chester. During these visits he has AUGMENTATION Fuxd.—(From the sold one thousand and seventy-six New Birmingham Manual). —"This fund, Church publications. In effecting which has been established by the New these sales he has come in contact with Church Conference for the purpose of many hundreds of people holding very augmenting the salaries of ministers and different views on religious subjects, yet leaders of small and struggling societies, he is happy to say that he has not re- is deserving of the earnest help and attenceived one unkind word that he re- tion of the members. Large sums have members during the year. “It would been given for investment by individual be easy,” says the colporteur,“ to name members, chiefly in Lancashire and Scottwenty ministers in our district who land, during the past three years, and last are favourably disposed towards the New year a sum total of a little over £80 was Church and New Church theology, and contributed in donations, subscriptions, who are, in a much greater degree than and collections from the Midland disis generally supposed, preaching the trict. A collection on behalf of the same truths that we preach. One min- fund for Immediate Use was made in ister said : “When I first received the the Wretham Road Church, Birmingnew light, I felt a degree of impatience ham, on Sunday, June 15th. On the at the restraint I found myself under. 22nd of June two sermons were preached I thought I ought to be at liberty to by the Rev. R. Storry in the church at say at once all I thought to be the truth. Kearsley, and collections were made in I have now learned that it would have support of this fund and the Student's been very unwise and injurious to have Aid Fund, which amounted to £60. To

If I had given my first con- this sum an addition of £50 was confused and immature thoughts, my people tributed the following morning, and would have rejected both them and me, additional subscriptions were made in but by waiting until my thoughts be. the evening of the same day, when a came clear and consistent, they, like meeting was held in the schoolroom, myself, were prepared for higher truths, which was attended by a small but inand I was enabled to thank God for terested audience. This meeting was wholesome restraint.” Another said : addressed by Revs. P. Ramage, who was “I consider that the members of the in the chair, R. Storry, I. Tansley, and New Church are in the best possible T. Mackereth, and by Messrs. Gunton, state for exerting a beneficial influence treasurer of Conference, Fletcher, Brieron the world. You have not many cliffe, Partington, and other members of enemies, and you are not big enough to the Society. At this meeting a resoluexcite the envy or jealousy of other tion was passed expressing regret that parties. But you are respectable enough these funds were not more earnestly to gain a hearing; therefore, while you supported by the larger and more inhave the ears of the world, you must do fluential Societies in the Church. Such your best to teach the truth. So long a movement would doubtless strengthen as you make it evident that your object the hands of those members of the is to teach the truth and not to build up country Societies who are disposed to a party, you will be able to keep the ear render a vigorous assistance. of the world. It is an evil day to any party when they make the impression AMERICA. -The Ministers' Conference, that their object is to build up their which is an assembly of the ministers in party on the ruin of others." The in- the week preceding the meeting of the come of the Society during the year, from General Convention, opened with a good all sources, has been £230, and the ex- attendance, forty ministers and nine penditure leaves a balance of £79 in licentiates and theological students be. the treasurer's hands. Addresses were ing present. After the formal opening delivered during the evening by the of the Conference, a resolution of wel. chairman, the Revs. T. Mackereth, W. come to Rev. Mr. Potts, who was preWestall, R. Storry, C. H. Wilkins, I. sent as a delegate from the English GeneTansley, and other friends of the Society. ral Conference to the American General The meeting was more numerously at- Convention, was unanimously adopted. tended than usual, and all the proceed. The general business of the Conference ings were interesting and helpful to the is the discussion of important principles Society.

of doctrine and Church order.

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