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may thankfully regard and accept fermented wine in its widest acceptation as a gift of God to man, and yet, although admitting temperance and self-command to be in the highest place, adopt the lower plane of total abstinence for the sake of the weak, avoiding at the same time judgment of those who, in accordance with conscience, judgment, and reason, adopt another course as not calculated to promote their own happy usefulness.” In what sense can this be considered as an "attack" on total abstinence? It puts forth the opposite view, and gives reasons for holding it ; but surely nothing could be more temperate in its tone or more friendly in its feeling. This called forth replies from Mr. Deans and from “H.,” which were at once admitted. Whether both these replies were equally temperate, we leave our readers to decide. But the matter, not the manner, is the principal point. Our correspondent “S. T.” grounded his views on the correspondence of fermentation. Our correspondent“H.” endeavoured to show that fermentation was an evil, and could not have a good correspondence. Believing that the doctrines of the New Church are those contained in the Word, and explained in the Writings of Swedenborg, the principal object of our remarks in the May number was to show what his teaching on the analogy of fermentation is, and that it is true. Mr. Deans says that “the remarks in the Intellectual Repository on the correspondence of fermentation are, in my opinion, outside the real question.” Why, then, was the subject introduced ? Our remarks were made to remove an objection to the soundness of Swedenborg's teaching on the subject. And we think they have established this, that while the ferment has a bad correspondence, fermentation has a good correspondence, and so therefore has the juice of the grape which is fermented.

Our friend is also of opinion that Swedenborg's practice of taking wine does not any more than his practice of taking snuff establish a principle. We think it does establish a very important principle, the principle of liberty. Swedenborg knew of no principle that required him to take either wine or snuff; on the other hand, he knew of no principle that required him to abstain from them; but he knew of a principle that left him at liberty to take them or to abstain from them as he chose. And this is the principle which both his teaching and example should commend to the members of the New Church. This principle of liberty is also a principle of toleration. The liberty which every one has a right to claim for himself, he is bound to award to his brother. Mr. Deans hopes that good may result from the ventilation of this subject in the pages of the Magazine. The discussion will not have been in vain if it establish the principle that, in the matter of choosing or refusing, every man has a right to judge for himself, but no man has a right to judge his brother. There are some, at least, who think that temperance is not only the right principle, but the best example. If others think that total abstinence is the best or the only hopeful means of reproving the world of the sin of drunkenness, let them adopt it, and use all legitimate means to bring others over to their views and practice. -Ed.]



MAY MEETINGS.— The month of May for the publication of translations of the is distinguished by the holding of the Word, and thus elementary teaching annual Assemblies of the great philan- and Bible reading go hand in hand with thropic and Christian institutions of this foreign missions. Among the most incountry. Not fewer than a hundred of teresting, therefore, of these meetings is these anniversaries are held during this that of the and the adjoining months in the large British and Foreign Bible Society.– halls and other public buildings of the The report of this Society, among other metropolis. Reports and speeches of interesting particulars, stated that in various degrees of length and excellence France, and Paris in particular, the are given, and large numbers of in- circulating work had been eminently terested and often enthusiastic supporters successful. At the Exhibition of this assemble to learn the results of their year 110,000 copies of the Scripture efforts and the prospects of their con- were given away, and 1700 sold. In tinued labours. "Amid some movements Germany 354,000 parts of Scripture that are pretentious and of questionable have been in different ways distributed, utility, there is much in which is com- of which as many as 100,000 were enbined strong religious feeling with en- tire copies, by the sixty-five colporteurs lightened Christian sentiment. Nearly employed by Mr. Davies for the Society. all these institutions have sprung into To the Russian army the large number existence since the middle of the last of nearly half a million books had been century. They rose amidst the darkness circulated at a cost of at least £24,000. which then overspread the Church, and The free income of the Society for the were cradled in the tempest of resentful year ending March 1879 has amounted hostility, by which they were received to £96,426, whilst the sum received for by the ungodly and the unwise. Many Scriptures sold, both at home and of them were protests against the selfish- abroad, has reached £106,168, which, ness and crime of the age in which they with £136 received on account of a arose, and others, looking afar over the special fund for Indian colportage, £399 widespread desolation, organized insti- for work at the Paris Exħibition, and tutions which were to disseminate the £10,180 in response to the committee's living truths of the Word of God to the special appeal, makes a total of £213,811. ends of the earth. In this sublime mis. The expenditure had amounted to sion the great missionary societies co- £223,476, being £4389 less than last operate with that noblest of all modern year. The total issues of the Society institutions, the British and Foreign for the year amounted to 3,340,995 Bible Society. However mistaken the copies of Bibles, Testaments, and creeds of the Churches from which the portions, of which number 1,415,219 missionaries proceed, they soon discover were from the depôt at home, and that their work among the heathen 1,925,781 from the foreign depôt. The necessitates the translation and diffusion total issues of the Society from its comof the written Word of God. “ The mencement now amount to 85,388,057 Bible,” it has been said, “is the reli- copies. More than eight and a half mil. gion of the Protestants. Without it lions sterling have been spent by it in the Protestant missions attain no permanent work of translating, revising, printing, establishment in any part of the earth. and disseminating the Scriptures. There No sooner is the work of foreign is hardly a country in the globe which missions rooted among any people has not felt the influence of the Society. than attention is directed to a transla- Not only does it possess agents and tion of the Scriptures into the native correspondents, colporteurs and depôts language, and the establishment of in every part of Europe, but it is work. schools to teach the art of reading and ing as the handmaid of all the great other elementary branches of education. missionary societies among the most The aid of the British and Foreign distant nations of the earth. Syrians Bible Society is always willingly given and Persians, Indians and Chinese, Abyssinians and Kaffirs, the islanders but they would not that the Church of Madagascar, New Zealand, and the Missionary Society should lag

be. South Seas, Mexicans and Esquimaux, hind.” with many others, can say that through Wesleyan Missionary Society. —A its means they hear in their own tongnes very brief abstract of the report of this the wonderful works of God. The Society was read by the secretary, from average issues from the London depôts which it appeared that the total hoine alone are about 5000 volumes a day, receipts had been £124,350, and receipts and from the various foreign depôts, from mission districts £8974. The taken together, the issues are still expenditure was £157,217, thus leaving greater. Printing-presses are employed the Society considerably in debt. One by the Society not only in London, of the principal scenes of labour of this Oxford, and Cambridge, but also at Society is Fiji, and the Society was Paris, Brussels, Amsterdam, Berlin, fortunate in securing the presence at Cologne, Frankfort, Leipsic, Vienna, their anniversary of the Hon. Sir A, Rome, Madrid, Lisbon, Copenhagen, Gordon, the Governor of Fiji. His Stockholm, St. Petersburg, Constanti- testimony to the use of the Wesleyan nople, Beyrout, Bombay, Madras, Cal- Mission is most emphatic: “ Before this cutta, Shanghai, Cape Town, Sydney, mission, in the memory of living men, and her centres of activity.

the condition of the people was that of The Church Missionary Society. perpetual tribal wars, cannibalism, From the report of this Society we infanticide, murder of widows, every learn that the general expenditure kind of evil and wickedness perpetuated during the year has been £189,598; the universally. Now, out of a population expenditure on account of the Victoria of something like 120,000, more than Nyanza Mission, much of it unexpected, 102,000 are regular attendants at but occasioned by the sad disaster at Wesleyan churches, and the remaining Ukerewe, £13,839"; and on account of 18,000 are not heathen but for the most the East African Mission Fund, £748; part members of other Christian Churches. making the total expenditure during Those who have not made open prothe year £204,186, and leaving an fession of Christianity are but a few old excess of expenditure over income for men here and there who are not to be the year of £16,951. In connection considered or thought of when speaking with the year's receipts, the committee of the Fijians as a people. The people have to record with thankfulness a of Fiji are now a Christian people. No second munificent gift from Mr. doubt in some cases the profession of William Charles Jones, of Warrington, Christianity will be but slight and exof £35,000, deposited in trust for the ternal. No doubt also, in many cases, development of an evangelistic native their ideas of theology may be different agency in connection with the native from our own. I daresay that many Churches of India. The Church Mis- Fijians habitually use words and expressionary Society is supported chiefly by sions which we use, attaching to theni the evangelical section of the Church. very different meanings and ideas from The committee sympathize more with those which are associated with them in other evangelical bodies than members our minds; but still the lives and hearts of the High Church. On this subject of thousands among them are really the report says: “The new mission- swayed and guided by Christian fields opening up before the Society in principles. Out of sixty-two ordained Africa, in Central Asia, in China, make ministers, over fifty are natives. I have the committee feel as if in those great never yet been in a house in Fiji, and I continents, with their teeming millions, have been in hundreds, in which I have the Church of Christ has yet done not heard family worship carried on.” little more than obtain a footing, and that the real earnest attack must now SWEDENBORG SOCIETY.—The sixtybegin. The committee rejoice that ninth annual meeting of this Society other societies are awaking to this and will be held at 36 Bloomsbury Street, making organized efforts to share in the London, W.C., on Tuesday evening, work. They rejoice greatly in these June 17, 1879. The chair will be taken efforts; they desire, as far as possible, to by the Rev. Dr. Tafel at seven o'clock co-operate with the authors of them; precisely. The report of the committee and the treasurer's account will be sub- the 30th of June form the fund available mitted to the inembers, and the officers for the following year, which is the for the ensuing year elected. A hand- second particular requiring attention. some marble bust of Swedenborg, exe. If the collection of this fund is neglected cuted for the Society by Preston Powers by the local committees, the means (son of the late Hiram Powers) of available for its use next year will be Florence, is expected to arrive in London wanting; and those whoare now aided and in sufficient time to be unveiled at the encouraged by it will be deprived of its above meeting. The bust is the joint gift advantages. We cannot, therefore, too of the Rev. A. Clissold and Miss Clissold, earnestly call the attention of those who and its presentation furnishes additional are appointed to collect this sum in our evidence, were it needed, of the unfalter several Societies to the importance of ing interest Mr. Clissold and his sister immediate action. The eminent usetake in the Society's prosperity. The come fulness of this fund must, we think, be mittee have much pleasure in stating that admitted by all thoughtful inquirers. Mr. Clissold has promised, if his health There is quite a number of our Societies permit, to be present on the occasion, and who are aided by it; and the worldly to prepare a short paper upon a subject position of several of the ministers, of interest to the members, to be read though far from what the best friends of before them. Invitations to address the the Church desire, is yet thereby very meeting have been issued to several sensibly improved. There are difficulties gentlemen not directly connected with this year, arising from general commercial the New Church, but whose sympathies depression and other causes, in the way are with its principles ; and every effort of collecting this and other benevolent will be made to make the meeting both funds. But these difficulties are not interesting and useful. The committee greater in the New Church than in other therefore hope that members and friends Christian communities; and it is a will by their presence heartily respond remarkable sign of the times that so to the efforts which will be made to general a feeling has prevailed that in strengthen the Society's position in the the midst of straitness, the Church shall religious world. Subscriptions which not be crippled in her action. Rehave not been paid to the collectors ligion, at all times essential to the should now be sent without delay to the wellbeing of man, is not less necessary agent, Mr. J. Speirs, 36 Bloomsbury in the periods of adversity. The Free Street, London, W.C., otherwise mem- Church of Scotland, with which a fund bers will not be entitled to vote.

of this kind had its beginning, was

reported in April to have received for AUGMENTATION FUND.-One of the ten months the sum of £133,615. In rules adopted by the Conference for the the corresponding period of the previous management of this fund is the follow. year the receipts amounted to £138,302. ing: “264. The financial year shall There was, therefore, a falling off, but begin on the 1st day of July and end considering the scenes of pecuniary on the 30th day of June ensuing, and anxiety through which so many people the moneys received in the interim of in Scotland have been passing, it speaks these dates shall constitute the fund volumes for the religious faith and available for distribution during the earnestness of the people that the decline following year.” This rule involves two should have been so comparatively particulars which require the thoughtful small. A Sustentation Fund attention of members of the New Church. established a few years ago among the The first is the time of closing the Wesleyans. Its object was to augment account of the year's subscriptions. the stipends of ministers in poor circuits, Societies are

so apt to regard the and, as far as possible, to secure to each assembling of the Conference as a con- of the ministers in full connection a venient time of paying subscriptions to minimum amount of £140. The income the treasurer, that they may easily over of this fund during the past year in the look the requirements of this rule. And manufacturing districts of Lancashire if the rule is to be strictly carried out, and Yorkshire seems to have been it is most important that the subscrip- pretty well kept up, and there are few, tions should be collected in good time. if any, of the ministers in these districts The subscriptions received on or before whose stipends will fall below the


minimum amount. The inquiries of the grants. These issues give a total of General Conference of the New Church 15,219 tracts and 1672 books. These showed that it would not be possible at totals are, in the Tract department, present to reach the minimum adopted less than last year, when the issues by the larger Christian communities. reached 18,650 ; in the Book department Ministers of the New Church have had, there is a small increase, the issues last and will still have to practise great self. year were 1295. Grants of books have been denial. A minimum of £120 it was made to the Free Libraries of Manchesl'oped might be raised, and the effort ter and Salford. Two of the tracts have made by the several Societies is to been reprinted, and one new tract, enaccomplish this object. It cannot, at titled "Eternal Hope,” has been pub

resent, be uniformly attained, but lished. This has also been published in something is being done towards it; pamphlet form, and offered gratuitously and by a more general and earnest sup- to the clergy through some of the more port of the fund the first proposal of the popular religious newspapers.

One Conference may be accomplished, and hundred and eighty applications were the Church prepared to raise its standard made and complied with. From the of ministerial remuneration, The ac- treasurer's report it appeared that the complishment of this purpose is quite subscriptions had amounted to £61, 8s. as much in the interest of the lay mem- 6d. The income from all sources was bers of the Church as of the ministers. £165, 13s. 9d., and the expenditure There is no surer evidence of our interest £155, 14s. 1d. At the close of the readin an institution than our willingness ing of the report, the chairman to practise self-denial in its support. addressed the meeting. “I have acAnd there is no greater assurance that cepted,” he said, my present position we have profited by the work of the with considerable reluctance, being to ministry, and have learned to rightly some extent unacquainted with the estimate its importance and value, than practical working of this Society. Its the fact that we are prepared to cheer- name, however, sufficiently indicates its fully contribute of our worldly substance purpose ; and is suggestive, too, of some for the support of the preachers. This peculiarities in New

Church history and fund affords a ready means of doing this. organization, to which I would briefly While it accepts the offering of the poor refer. When we glance at the history it appeals especially to the rich. Those of the religious bodies around us, we to whom the great Head of the Church find that they have mostly originated has given largely of this world's goods, in the labours of great preachers ; can in no way better show their gratitude who, travelling from place to place, for His Divine gifts than by their con- have organized small bands of followers, tributions to the exalted use of keeping which in some instances (as in the case open the sanctuaries of New Church of the Wesleyans) have become a power worship, and preaching the Gospel of the in the land. The New Church has its Second Advent to the world. We ap- beginning in writings—the Writings of peal, therefore, to all the members and Emanuel Swedenborg. But for these we friends of the New Church to aid this should have no existence as a distinct important fund, and to do so quickly. body. This peculiarity still adheres to

When we speak of any one who is MANCHESTER PRINTING AND TRACT favourably inclined to us, we say, “He SOCIETY.—The annual meeting of this is reading our works!' Other bodies, Society was held in the schoolroom, equally true to their traditions, speak Irwell Street, Salford, on Tuesday even- of their expected converts as attending ing, May 11th. A numerous party sat their chapel. We are, therefore, followdown to tea, and at seven in the evening ing in the old path, when we meet to the chair was taken by James Fletcher, forward the interest and extend the use. Esq. of Kearsley. The first business was fulness of a Printing and Tract Society the reading of the report, which stated in connection with the New Jerusalem that 5851 tracts had been issued during Church. If men are to be strong and the year to subscribers, 2211 sold, and useful members of this Church, they 7157 distributed in grants. Of the must become readers of its literature. circulation of books, 587 had gone to When we circulate these books and subscribers, 528 were sold, 557 issued in tracts, we are scattering the seeds of


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