What is the Matter with Communicative Competence?: An Analysis to Encourage Teachers of English to Assess the Very Basis of Their Teaching
LIT Verlag Münster, 2005 - 343 頁
This book integrates recent findings of linguistic research into ELT. Its aim is - to introduce (future) teachers to the complex concept of communicative competence - to critically analyse learners' teaching/learning deficiencies in the light of the requirements they are expected to meet at the school-leaving exams or at university-entry - to offer suggestions about how to remedy these shortcomings and also to provide teaching and testing materials.
讀者評論 - 撰寫評論
3 More efficiency in vocabulary acquisition
4 Enhancing textual competence
5 Integrating pragmatics
6 On the teachability of strategic competence
Examples of tasks set by me at schoolleaving exams Reifeprüfungen at the Bundesrealgymnasium Linz Hamerlingstraße
Examples of teaching materials used in my university language courses in English for business
2 The significance of valence grammar
Questionnaire about grammar school pupils behaviour in lexical acquisition
ability According achievement acquisition activities added addition adjective analysis applied approach appropriate Austrian certainly classroom clauses cohesion communicative competence components comprehension concept concerned context conversation course defined dependence dictionary discourse English example exams expected explicit express fact field formal functions German Gerund give given grammar grammar school ideas important instruction kind knowledge language learners learning lexemes lexical items linguistic meaning noun object organisation paragraph particular practice pragmatic preposition presentation problems production pupils question readers reading reason refers regard relative repr respective result role rules seems semantic semantic field sentence situation skills speaker speech strategies structure suggest tasks teachers teaching textbooks theory topic valence verb vocabulary writing written
第 10 頁 - We have then to account for the fact that a normal child acquires knowledge of sentences, not only as grammatical, but also as appropriate. He or she acquires competence as to when to speak, when not, and as to what to talk about with whom, when, where, in what manner. In short, a child becomes able to accomplish a repertoire of speech acts, to take part in speech events, and to evaluate their accomplishment by others. This competence, moreover, is integral with attitudes, values, and motivations...
第 9 頁 - The competence of the speaker-hearer can, ideally, be expressed as a system of rules that relate signals to semantic interpretations of these signals. The problem for the grammarian is to discover this system of rules ; the problem for linguistic theory is to discover general properties of any system of rules that may serve as the basis for a human language, that is, to elaborate in...
第 xiii 頁 - The advantage of the notional syllabus is that it takes the communicative facts of language into account from the beginning without losing sight of grammatical and situational factors.
第 10 頁 - Hymes provides us with a much broader definition of competence which is intended to account for the fact that a normal child acquires knowledge of sentences, not only as grammatical, but also as appropriate.
第 9 頁 - A grammar, in the traditional view, is an account of competence. It describes and attempts to account for the ability of a speaker to understand an arbitrary sentence of his language and to produce an appropriate sentence on a given occasion. If it is a pedagogic grammar, it attempts to provide the student with this ability; if a linguistic grammar, it aims to discover and exhibit the mechanisms that make this achievement possible.
第 147 頁 - the essence of metaphor is understanding and experiencing one kind of thing in terms of another
第 128 頁 - Since any event takes place in time, any event sentence can contain a time adverbial; since many kinds of events take place in specific locations, sentences representing such events can contain locative adverbials; and so on. Now when I say that meanings are relativized to scenes, what I mean is that we choose and understand expressions by having or activating in our minds scenes or images or memories of experiences within which the word or expression has a naming or describing or classifying function.
第 307 頁 - Let there be respect for the earth, peace for its people, love in our lives, delight in the good, forgiveness for past wrongs, and from now on a new start.