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courses, and to make them anxious that their relatives and friends should avail themselves of the advantages of this Institution. In short, such a course will create a better appreciation of industrial education.
"3. Such a course is also directly valuable as a means of education. While it is somewhat superficial, it has a value from coming into immediate contact with the facts, practices and economies of every-day experience that can hardly be overrated. This is well expressed in the words of the late Prof. John A. Porter, in the New Englander for November, 1859. 'The solution which we propose is the enlistment of practical men, who are not professional teachers, in the work of instruction, and their combination in such numbers, that a sma'l contribution of time and labor from each shall make a sufficient aggregate to meet the object in view. The special necessity for such a system, in the case of the pursuit we are considering, grows out of the fact that there is much in agriculture which has not yet taken the form of science, and can only be acquired from practical men.'
"4. Such courses would be of value to the Faculty of the University in bringing them into contact with the classes whose needs and deficiencies they wish to supp y, and thus giving them a more correct idea of practical education, and the drift of things outside the academic walls. Teachers need this, above all other teachers, in an Industrial University."
V. Personal observation of the farms of our best farmers, and the manufactories of our best mechanics, would be a valuable method of getting hold of the best practical methods in the varied pursuits of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts; and through the medium of this report the result of such observations could be communicated to all who cared to know. Thus, in another way, the practices of our best grain, grass and stock growers could be communicated to all our farmers, and our methods of farming much improved. Visits to the orchards and vineyards of our best fruit growers, would give, as they already have given, new and better ideas of Horticulture. The workshops of our mechanics would doubtless furnish other valuable material for the study of our artisans.
By such methods as these we may, I think, fairly hope to do a great and good work for our fair and fertile State, and make her as illustrious in the intelligence and wise economy of her industries, as she already is in her natural advantages and her political and military power. W. C. F.
LAWS CONCERNING THE INDUSTRIAL UNIVERSITY.
LAWS OF CONGRESS.
AN ACT donating Public Lands to the several States and Territories which may provide Colleges for the benefit of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That there be granted to the several states, for the purposes hereinafter mentioned, an amount of public land, to be apportioned to each state, in quantity equal to 30,000 acres for each senator and representative in Congress to which the states are respectively entitled by the appointment under the census of 1860: Provided, That no mineral lands shall be selected or purchased under the provision of this act.
2. And be it further enacted, That the land aforesaid, after being surveyed, shall be apportioned to the several states in sections or sub-divisions of sections not less than one-quarter of a section; and whenever there are public lands in a state, subject to sale at private entry, at one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, the quantity to which said state shall be entitled, shall be selected from such lands, within the limits of such state; and the secretary of the interior is hereby directed to issue to each of the states, in which there is not the quantity of public lands subject to sale at private entry, at one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, to which said estate may be entitled under the provisions of this act, land scrip to the amount in acres for the deficiency of its distributive share; said scrip to be sold by said states, and the proceeds thereof applied to the uses and purposes prescribed in this act, and for no other use or purpose whatsoever; Provided, That in no case shall any state to which land scrip may thus be issued, be allowed to locate the same within the limits of any other state, or of any territories of the United States; bat their assignees may thus locate said land scrip upon any of the unappropriated lands of the United States subject to sale at private entry, at one dollar and twentyfive cents or less per acre. And provide further, That not more than one million acres shall be located by such assignees in any one of the states. And provided further, That no such locations shall be made before one year after the passage of
3. And be it further enacted, That all the expenses of management, superintendence and taxes from date of selection of said lands, previous to their sales, and all expenses incurred in the management and disbursement of the moneys which may be received therefrom, shall be paid by the states to which they may belong out of the treasury of said states, so that the entire proceeds of the sale of said lands shall be applied, without any diminution whatever, to the purposes hereinafter mentioned.
4. And be it further enacted, That all moneys derived from the sale of lands aforesaid, by the states to which the lands are apportioned, and for the sales of land scrip hereinbefore provided for, shall be invested in stocks of the United States, or of the states, or some other safe stocks, yielding not less than five per cent. upon the par value of said stocks; and that the money so invested shall constitute a perpetual fund, the capital of which shall remain forever undiminished (except so far as may be provided in section fifth of this act), and the interest of which shall be inviolably appropriated by each state, which may take and claim the benefit of this act, to the endowment, snpport and maintenance of, at least, one college, where the leading object shall be, without excluding other scientific and classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts, in such manner as the legislatures of the states may respectively prescribe, in order to promote liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions in life.
5. And be it further enacted, That the grant of land and scrip hereby authorized, shall be made on the following conditions, to which, as well as to the provisions hereinbefore contained, the previous assent of the several states shall be signified by legislative acts:
First-If any portion of the fund invested, as provided by the foregoing section, or any portion of the interest thereon, shall, by any action, or contingency, be diminished or lost, it shall be replaced by the state to which it belongs, so that the capital of the fund shall remain forever undiminished; and the annual interest shall be regularly applied without diminution to the purposes mentioned in the fourth section of this act, except that a sum, not exceeding ten per centum upon the amount received by any state under the provisions of this act, may be expended for the purchase of lands for sites or experimental farms, whenever authorized by the respective legislatures of said states.
Second-No portion of said fund, nor the interest thereon, shall be applied, directly or indirectly, under any pretense whatever, to the purchase, erection, preservation or repair of any building or buildings.
Third-Any state which may take and claim the benefit of the provisions of this act, shall provide, within five years, at least not less than one college, as prescribed in the fourth section of this act, or the grant to such state shall cease; and said state shall be bound to pay the United States the amount received of any lands previously sold, and that the title to purchasers under the state shall be valid.
Fourth-An annual report shall be made regarding the progress of each college, recording any improvements and experiments made, with their cost and results, and such other matters, including state industrial and economical statistics, as may be supposed useful; one copy of which shall be transmitted by mail free, by each, to all the other colleges which may be endowed under the provisions of this act, and also one copy to the secretary of the interior.
Fifth-When lands shall be selected from those which have been raised to double the minimum price in consequence of railroad grants, they shall be computed to the states at the maximum price, and the number of acres proportionally diminished.
Sixth-No state, while in a condition of rebellion or insurrection against the government of the United States, shall be entitled to the benefits of this act.
Seventh-No state shall be entitled to the benefits of this act, unless it shall express its acceptance thereof by the legislature within two years from the date of the approval by the President.
§ 6. And be it further enacted, That land scrip issued under the provision of this act, shall not be subject to location until after the first day of January, 1863.
§ 7. And be it further enacted, That land officers shall receive the same fee for locating land scrip issued under the provisions of this act, as is now allowed for the location of military bounty land warrants under existing laws: Provided, Their maximum compensation shall not be thereby increased.
§8. And be it further enacted, That the governors of the several states to which scrip shall be issued under this act, shall be required to report annually to congress all sales made of such scrip until the whole shall be disposed of, the amount received for the same, and what appropriation has been made of the proceeds. APPROVED July 2d, 1862.
AN ACT to amend the fifth section of an act entitled "An act donating public lands to the several States and Territories which may provide Colleges for the benefit of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts," approved July two, eighteen hun. dred and sixty-two, so as to extend the time within which the provisions of said act shall be accepted and such colleges established.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, That the time in which the several states may comply with the provision of the act of July two, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, entitled "An act donating public lands to the several states and territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts," is hereby extended so that the acceptance of the benefits of said act may be expressed within three years from the passage of this act, and the colleges required by the said act may be provided within five years from the date of the filing of such acceptance with the commissioner of the general land office: Provided, That when any territory shall become a state and be admitted into the Union, such new state shall be entitled to the benefits of the said act of July two, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, by expressing the acceptance therein required within three years from the date of its admission into the Union, and providing the college or colieges within five years after such acceptance, as prescribed in this act: Provided further, That any state which has heretofore expresssed its acceptance of the act herein referred to, shall have the period of five years within which to provide at least one college, as described in the fourth section of said act, after the time for providing said college, according to the act of July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, shall have expired.
APPROVED July 23, 1866.
LAWS OF ILLINOIS.
AN ACT in relation to the location of the Industrial University.
WHEREAS, Each portion of the State is alike interested in the proper location of said University, and it is desirable to enable the public spirit in each community or section to fully compete for such location; therefore,
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, represented in the General Assembly, That any county, city, township or incorporated town of said state, may, by taxation, as well as by voluntary subscription of its citizens, raise a fund to secure the location of said University at any point whatever; and any other corporation in this state may make bids and subscription for the purpose of securing said location at any point whatever.
1. That any county, through its county court or board of supervisors, and any township or town, through its supervisor, assessor and collector, and any city or incorporated town, through its council or board of aldermen, or other constituted authorities, as the case may be, may subscribe such sum or sums as they may deem necessary, to secure such location, and to raise the amount or amounts so subscribed by taxation, or by issuing bonds, payable at any seasonable or convenient time, and bearing any rate of interest not exceeding ten per cent. per annum: Provided, however, That no tax shall be levied for such purposes until the proposition so to raise a fund, together with the amount to be raised shall, after at least ten days' notice, be submitted to a vote of the people so to be taxed, and be approved by a majority of the persons voting at such election: Provided, That the county clerk of such county shall order an election in accordance with the provisions of this act: And provided, also, That it shall not be obligatory on any county, city or town authorities, or county clerk, as aforesaid, to submit any such proposition to a vote of the people, unless at least one hundred of the legal voters of said county, city or town shall petition for the same: in which event said election or elections shall be ordered: And provided further, That any election heretofore held in any county, city or town, for the purpose aforesaid, is hereby legalized and made valid.
3. The county, city or town authorities, as aforesaid, are hereby invested with full power to make any and all needful orders and regulations to carry into effect the foregoing provisions; and in case of an election being applied for, as aforesaid, it shall be the duty of said authorities to give the usual and seasonable notice, required by law, according to this act, and the end in view, and to conduct and report the same in the usual way. Such election to be conducted and return made according to the law governing elections: Provided, That the registry of voters used at the last general [election] shall be the registry for any election to be held under this act.
4. This act shall be a public act, to take effect and be in force from and after its passage.
APPROVED January 25, 1867.