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paring with her own hands her benevolent The life of this truly illustrious woman, offerings to the poor, waiting on them, who, by her piety and benevolence, justly making up their beds, and enduring with merited 10 be placed where she was, among constant and unremitting perseverance the the saints, was checquered with events infectious air of an hospital during the which even her extraordinary beauty and buruing heat of an ardent summer. Yet endowments could not prevent, when they | calumny attacked the fame of this virtuous too often approached her in the guise of Princess. The treasurers of her husband afflictions. Not only did she feed from her complained of her prodigality; but the own table a multitude of indigent persous, young Landgrave too well knew that the but she sought out the habitations of dismost prudent economy aided her generoease and misery, atteuding the former like sity: far then from giving ear to their idle an assiduous and careful nurse, and alle- reports, he only placed increased confidence viating the latter to the very utmost of her in his virtuous and amiable partner. power, and never did the cries of the poor Soon after the Prince departed for the assail her in vain. One day when the Holy Land: Elizabeth accompanied him Prince of Thuringe, her husband, gave a a great part of his journey; and on her splendid feast, and Elizabeth was magni- || return to court she laid aside every exterior ficently dressed to do him honour, as she mark of magnificence, and wore constantly passed through the avenues of his palace | the habit of a widow, which she never she met a poor mendicant, who craved | afterwards quitted. alms. The Princess having no money

Her piety had drawn on her the envy about her, told the beggar to wait some

and hatred of Sophia, her mother-in-law; other time.-“ Do not," said the miserable and had been displeasing to the proud powretch,“ do not send me away without bility. Deprived of all her wealth, and relief; how can you dismiss me in his name driven out with disgrace from the palace by which I have implored an alms?"-The of her husband, she found herself compelled Princess, touched with compassion, imme- to take refuge in a public inn, with a few diately took from her head a veil of im- of her ladies in waiting, who were resolved mense value and gave it to the beggar. never to abandon her. This happened at

Elizabeth kept constantly employed in a time when the weather was remarkably her apartments a considerable number of

Elizabeth had neither food nor young women, with whom she used to sit | firing; nor could she even obtain a situaand spin vestments for the poor. Her fa. tion in one of the many hospitals she had vourite occupation was to see to the bleach- || founded. The news of her deplorable situing of linen for the service of the altar, and || ation reached the Bishop of Bamberg, her in making and mending garments for the uncle, who took her into his castle, and iudigent.

caused her marriage portion to be restored A horrible famine having desolated Ger to her. Elizabeth made no other use of it mauy in 1925, Elizabeth, in the absence of thau distributing it amongst the poor. her husband, distributed all the corn that The Pope, touched with the merits, vir. grew on his lands amongst the poor. As tue, and undeserved afflictions of this Printhe Castle of Marpurg, wherein were the ubli declared himself her protecgranaries, was situated on a very steep tor; and she retired to Marpurg, chusing rock, to spare to the interesting objects of for her dwelling a very small cottage. The her pity the trouble and fatigue of climb King of Hungary being informed of the ing it, she caused a large hospital to be wretched lot of his daughter, sent a noblebuilt at the foot of the rock, which she man to bring her to bis palace; but she visited berselt every day. Historians re never would be persuaded to quit her mark that it was a must admirable sight | humble retreat, where she died af the age to see a Privcess in the early bloom of of twenty-four years. youth, and dazzling by her beauty, pre







ANECDOTE OF CHARLES XII. OF SWEDEN. his master, he said, “ I am your servant,

CAARLES, who was naturally prodigal, and have long eat your rice:" and having observed no more economy at Bender than pronounced this, he plunged the dagger at Stockholm. Grothusen, his favourite into his owu bosom. In those few words and treasurer, brought to him one day an

the poor man pathetically expressed account of fifty thousand crowns in two " the arm that has been nourished by you lines :-" Ten thousand crowns given to shall not take away your life; but in sparthe Swedes and to the Janizaries, by ordering yours I must give up my own, as I of his Majesty, and the rest spent by my- cannot survive my dishonour." self.”—That is frank," said the King; " and that is the way I like my friends to make out their accounts. Mullern made me read As Mr. Sheridan was coming up to town over several pages accounting for the sum in one of the public coaches, for the purof ten thousand franks; I like the laconic pose of canvassing Westminster, at the style of Grothusen better."

time when Mr. Paul was his opponent, he

found himself in company with two WestANECDOTE OF MOZART.

minster electors. In the course of converFrom his most tender age, Mozart, ani- sation, one of them asked the other to mated with the true feeling of his art, was

whom he would give his vote? When his never vain of the compliments paid him by | friend replied, “ To Paul, certainly; for the great. When he had to do with people though I think him but a shabby sort of a unacquainted with music, he only perform- fellow, I would vote for any one rather than ed insignificant trifles. He played, on the that rascal Sheridan.". _" Do you know coutrary, with all the fire and attention of Sheridan?" asked the stranger.—“ Not I, which he was capable when in the presence Sir,” answered the gentleman: nor would of connoisseurs; and his father was often I wish to know him.”—The conversation obliged to have recourse to artifice, and to dropped here; but when the party alighted make the great men, before whom his son to breakfast, Sheridan called aside the was to exhibit, pass for connoisseurs before other gentleman, and said, “ Pray who is him. When Mozart, at the age of six years, that very agreeable friend of yours? He sat down to play in the presence of the is one of the pleasantest fellows I ever met Emperor Francis, he addressed himself to with, and I should be glad to know his his Majesty, and asked, “ Is not M. Wag- oame. -“ His name is Mr. T; he is enseil here? We must send for him ; he an eminent lawyer, and resides in Lincolu's understands the matter." The Emperor | Ion-fields."—Breakfast over, the party resent for Wagenseil, and gave his place to sumed their seats in the coach : soon after him by the side of the piano.-“ Sir," said whichi, Sheridan turned the discourse to Mozart to the composer, “ we are going

the law. “ It is,” said he, “ to play one of your concertos; you must

fession : men may rise to the highest emiturn over the leaves for me."

nence in the state, and it gives vast scope

to the display of talent; many of the most BIGH SENSE OF HONOUR IN A PEON, OR virtuous and noble characters recorded in

history have been lawyers. I am sorry, Ax Englishman once on a hunting party, however, to add, that some of the greatest hastily struck a Peon for having let loose, rascals have also been lawyers; but of all at an improper time, a greyhound. The the rascals I ever heard of is one TPeon happened to be a Rajah-pout, which who lives in Lincoln's Inn-fields." _“Jam is the highest tribe of Hindoo soldiers. On Mr. T " said the gentleman."—“ And receiving the blow, he started back with I am Mr. Sheridan," was the reply. The an appearance of horror and amazement, jest was instantly seen; they shook hands; and drew his poniard. But again com. and the lawyer exerted himself warnily to posing himself, and looking stedfastly at promote the election of the facetious orator.

a five pro






unfortunate girl was invited, and requested DR. FRANKLIN, when a child, found the that she might, though but of the second long graces used by his father before and class. The girl came; she was pretty; after meals very tedious. One day after and finding herself among her superiors, the winter's provisions had been salted bashfully sat down as near the door as “ I think, father," said Benjamin, “ if you possible, nobody deigning to take the least were to say grace over the whole cask, once notice of her. Shortly after, the Prince for all, it would be a vast saving of time.” entering, inquired for her, and asked her

In his travels through New England, he to dance with him, to the great mortifica. had observed, that when he went into an tion of the young ladies of high rank. After inn, every individual of the family had a the dance was over, he handed her to the question or two to propose to him, relative top of the room, and placiug himself by her, to his history; and that till each was satis- i spoke of the loss she had sustained with fied, and that they had conferred and com tenderness, promising to provide hand. pared together their information, there was somely for any one she should marry. She no possibility of procuring any refreshment. afterwards married, and the Prince strictly Therefore, the moment he went into any of kept his promise. these places, he inquired for the master, the mistress, the sons, the daughters, the men servants, and the maid servants; and hav.

PRINCE ANTOINE, the present heiring assembled them all together, he began | apparent of the throne of Saxony, is a in this manner :-" Good people, I am

person of extremely recluse and monkish Benjamin Franklin, of Philadelphia, by habits, frequently enjoining himself to the trade a priuter; and a bachelor. I have performance of the most rigorous penances some relations at Boston, to whom I am

(though his whole life is a series of cere going to make a visit, my stay will be short; monies), and bestowing almost bis entire and I shall then return and follow my busi- income in donations to the monasteries. ness, as a prudent man ought to do. This The King, his father, himself a strict dis. is all I know of myself, and all I can pos.

ciplinarian, has often remonstrated with sibly inform you of; I beg, therefore, that

his excessive bigotry, but withyou will have pity on me and my horse, out any other effect than that of in. and give us both some refreshment."

creasing it. In the year 18!0, the confes. When Franklin came to England, pre

sor of this Prince persuaded him that his vious to the breaking out of the American good works would be incomplete, unless war, be went to Mr. Hett's printing office, he consummated them by a pilgrimage to in Wild-court, Wild-street, Lincoln's lon: | Jerusalem, but well aware that the King fields, and entering the press-room, he went would never consent to the project, he inup to a particular press, and thus addressed stigated the Prince to propose to his father the two men who were working :-“Come, to send him on some minor doctrinal emmy friends, we will driuk together; it is bassy to the court of Rome, from whence he now forty years since I worked like you at might secretly undertake the journey. The this press, as a journeyman printer."-On Prince followed this advice, but the King this he sent for a gallon of porter, and they rejected the proposed embassy, and sus. drank “ Success to printing."

pecting something of the real design, strictly

forbade his son leaving Dresden, on any ANECDOTE OF THE KING OF DENMARK, pretence whatever. In this dilemma, the

confessor hit upon another expedient, and An officer, mortally wounded at the carefully computing the number of paces battle of Quistram, desired to speak with between Dresden and Jerusalem, the enthe Prince; and with his dying breath ear thusiastic Prince actually performed the nestly recommeņded to his care a young pilgrimage, with unremitting zeal, in his woman of Christiana, to whom he was en apartments, under the close superintendgaged. When the Prince returned there, ence of the confessor and some other monks a grand ball was given by the principal of his order. inhabitants. He inquired whether this

him on


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JOURNALS, &c. &c.


not respected in society ; are neither al. This island is sixty miles long : about lowed meat nor marriage; seem to be emone-third of its southern extent is highly ployed only in medial offices about the cultivated, and almost entirely covered with | temples, the walks, and hedges, and not in villages ; and round Port Melville, nearer | religious ceremonies (of which, by the way, the other extremity, there are also populous the only example seen by the voyagers was villages; but the north, north-east, and a funeral, where Jeeroo, one of the chiefs, eastern parts are but thinly peopled, and officiated, and the poor bodzes had no not much cultivated. It is not easy to other occupation than to stand humbly ascertain exactly what are the religious behind); the very children turn them into opinions of the natives; though it appears ridicule, and at the Prince's entertainment that the faith of Fo was introduced a thou- our countrymen were laughed at for offersand years ago by the bodzes; and we have ing to treat them with attention. no example of any country where the Connected with religion are the tombs priesthood was or is held in such a state of of a people. Those of Loo Choo are either degradation. Near a well, offerings of rice caves excavated in rocks, or built in the and blow matches were seen in little exca horse-shoe form of the Chinese. The vations on the top of three or four rudely corpses (of the upper classes, we suppose) carved stones, called kawroo. These are are allowed to decay in coffins for seven generally erected in groves on the hills : || years; the bones are then collected and they are about two feet long by one wide, preserved with veneration in elegantly and one bigh. Inscriptions are cut on the shaped vases, placed in the temples, and sides in a variety of characters, denoting | hung round with offerings of funereal the rank of the person who makes the of- || Aowers. The caveros are probably for fering, the date and object of his petition. | the lower orders, as the bones of the dead Two of the inscriptions were translated, are found therein lying amongst the sand. and were prayers for protection during a Among the productions of the island we voyage to China, and for success in a lite. may enumerate of animals, the small horse rary undertaking. Another religious rite and bullock, pigs, goats, and fowls; of fish, is mentioned :-“ Two narrow strips of an endless variety of all sorts and colours; paper with characters inscribed on them, of vegetables, potatoes, rice, maize, squashes, which, by consent of the natives, were oranges, onions, radishes, celery, garlick, taken from a pillar in the temple, and pumpkins, &c. &c.; tea, tobacco, and cotwhich have been since translated, prove to ton, are also among the most valuable probe invocations, one to the Supreme Deity, ducts; of edible manufactures, vermicelli, and the other to the Evil Spirit. The first || samchew (an ardent spirit), sackee (a light is on a slip of paper, two feet long by two i wide), sugar, gingerbread, &c. are meuinches wide, and containing a supplication tioned, and the fond is formed chiefly of for pardon. The latter invocation begins these materials, with eggs, cooked in many by seven rows of the character symbolical | ways, not at all disagreeable to European of the devil. In the upper line there are palates. seven, and in the last one ; so that a trian The natives are fond of riding, though gular page is formed of twenty-eight cha- | their saddles are made of wood, and so racters, each signifying the devil; and the uneven as to be very unpleasant. The prayer itself is written in a narrow perpen- scenery is of the most beautiful kivd, with dicular line underneath; the whole inscrip- | Indian features. The bamboo is conspicu. tion resembling in form a kite with a long | ous among the trees which overshadow tail attached to it."

the detached cottages and villages: arbours We have remarked upon the degrada- | of cane, covered with various pretty creeption of the priests, or bodzes. They are ers, add to the sylvan graces of these reNo. 113.-Vol. XVIII.




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treats. The houses are simple and neat,

on board in the disguise of a private person, and in some rude pictures and carved wood and gradually rose from an intimacy with work figures were hanging on the walls, the sailors to a friendship with the officers, together with inscriptions in the Chinese till at length, when the Prince visited them, character.

his real rank and consequence transpired. Several visits and entertainments were He was amiable, observant

, acute, lively interchanged between the British ships' and intelligent; and his transactions with and the shore: the most affectionate inter our countrymen possess the interest of a course prevailed, and except in keeping romance of the most pleasing kiud. the women aloof, and observing much We cannot conclude our remarks withmystery about their King, there was no out extracting an account of a coral island, thing which the kind Loo Chooans did which conveys all the information that can not do to satisfy the curiosity of their visi. be desired concerning that natural phenotors. The Lyra circumnavigated the menon, the formation of a country by the island, and touching at several points, vi. labours of an insect. sited places where they were unexpected.

“ The examination of a coral reef during At one they saw a complete farm yard, at the different stages of one tide, is peculiarly another a blacksmith's forge and anvil; but interesting. When the tide has left it for the principal object of attraction was the some time it becomes dry, and appears to excellent harbour, which has been named be a compact rock, exceedingly hard and Port Melville, in honour of the first Lord ragged; but as the tide rises, and the waves of the Admiralty.

begin to wash over it, the coral worms proThe Prince of Loo Choo informed the ' trude themselves from holes which were voyagers that they knew nothing of the before invisible. These animals are of a English or French, or of any nations but great variety of shapes and sizes, and in the Chinese, Coreans, and Japanese. Po- such prodigious numbers, that in a short lygamy is not allowed as in China, and the time the whole surface of the rock appears King only is allowed concubines : his Ma- in motion. The most common worm is in jesty had twelve, and one wife. He had the form of a star, with arms from four to seven children. The women in general six inches long, which are moved about are not so well treated as we could expect; with a rapid motion in all directions, prothe upper classes being a good deal confin- bably to catch food. When the coral is ed to their houses, and the lower orders broken, about high water mark, it is a solid devoted to the drudgery of husbandry hard stone, but if any part of it be detached work. No punishment beyond the tap of at a spot where the tide reaches every day, a fan, or an angry look, was ever seen in it is found to be full of worms, of different this isle, where respect and confidence on lengths and colours, some being as five as the one hand, and consideration and kind a thread, and several feet long, of a bright feeling on the other, seemed to unite rulers yellow, and sometimes of a blue colour.and people. Not one instance of theft or The growth of coral appears to cease when wrong occurred during the whole time the the worm is no longer exposed to the wash. expedition was at Napakiang, though the ing of the sea. Thus a reef rises in the stores, &c. were much ex posed. The gentle form of a cauliflower, till its top has gained and friendly manners of the natives pro- the level of the highest tides, above which duced so good an effect, that even the the worm has no power to advance, and roughest of our tars seemed to have been the reef, of course, no longer extends itself metamorphosed into polite gentlemen by upwards."--Lord Amherst's Embassy to theni; and we question that so kind and China. really affectionate intercourse was before carried on under like circumstances, and without break or interruption, in the DIDEROT says, that “when writing on annals of the human race. Among the 'women, we should dip our pen in the rainLoo Chooans the character of Madera is bow, and throw over each line, instead of peculiarly attractive. This young chief, as sand, the powder of the butterfly's wing." he afterwards turned out to be, came first. This counsel is not easy to follow; for it

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