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may be discovered in the performance of his rival.

Of this distinguished Epilogue the reputed author was the wretched Bud, gel, whom Addison used to denominate * the man who calls me coulin; and when he was asked how such a silly fellow could write so well, replied, The Epilogue was quite another thing when I saw it first. It was known in Tonson's family, and told to Garrick, that Addi. fon was himself the author of it, and that when it had been at first printed with his name, he came early in the morning, before the copies were distributed, and ordered it to be given to Budgel, that it might add weight to the folia

* Spence.

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citation which he was then making for: a place.

Philips was now high in the ranks of literature. His play was applauded; his translations from Sappho had been published in the Spectator ;, he was an important and distinguished associate of elubs witty and political ; and nothing was wanting to his happiness, but that he should be sure of its continuance.

The work, which had procured him the first notice from the publick. was his Six Paftorals, which, flattering the imagination with Arcadian scenes, probably found many readers, and might have long passed as a pleasing amuseo ment, had they not been unhappily too: much commended. A 4

The

· The rustick Poems of Theocritus were so highly valued by the Greeks and Romans, that they attracted the imitation of Virgil, whose Eclogues seem to have been considered as precluding all attempts of the same kind; for no thepherds were taught to fing by any succeeding poet, till Nemesian and Calphurnius ventured their feeble efforts in the lower age of Latin literature.

At the revival of learning in Italy, it was soon discovered that a dialogue of imaginary swains might be composed with little difficulty; because the converfation of shepherds excludes profound or refined sentiment; and, for images and descriptions, Satyrs and Fauns, and Najads and Dryads, were always within

call;

call; and woods and meadows, and hills and rivers, supplied variety, which having a natural power to footh the mind, did not quickly cloy it. .

Petrarch entertained the learned men of his age with the novelty of modern Pastorals in Latin. Being not ignorant of Greek, and finding nothing in the word Eclogue of rural meaning, he supposed it to be corrupted by the copiers, and therefore called his own productions Æglogues, by which he meant to express the talk of goatherds, though it will mean only the talk of goats. This new name was adopted by subsequent writers, and amongst others by our Spenser. · More than a century afterwards (1498) Mantuan published his Bucolicks with

such such success, that they were foon dignified by Badius with a comment, and, as Scaliger complained, received into schools, and taught as classical; hiscomplaint was vain, and the practice, however injudicious, spread far and continued long. Mantuan was read, at leaft: in some of the inferior schools of this kingdom, to the beginning of the pre-fent century. The speakers of Mantuan carried their disquisitions beyond the country, and censured the corruptions of the Church; and from him Spenser learned to employ his fwains on topicks of controversy.

The Italians soon transferred Pastoral Poetry into their own language : Sannazaro wrote Arcadia in prose and verse;

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