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Lucas; of which I can only fay, that it seemed by no means to correspond with the notions that I had formed of it, from a conversation which I once heard between the Earl of Orrery and old Mr. Lewis.

Swift now, inuch against his will, coinmenced Irishman for life, and was to contrive how he might be best accommodated in a country where he confidered himself as in a state of exile. It seems that his first recourse was to piety. The thoughts of death rushed upon him, at this time, with such incessant importunity, that they took poffeffion of his mind when he first waked for many years together.

He

· He opened his house by a publick table two days a week, and found his entertainments gradually frequented by more and more visitants of learning among the men, and of elegance among the women. Mrs. Johnson had left the country, and lived in lodgings not far from the deanery. On his publick days

she regulated the table, but always ap-peared at it as a mere guest, like other Ladies.

On other days he often dined, at a stated price, with Mr. Worral, a clergyman of his cathedral, whose house was recommended by the peculiar neatness and pleasantry of his wife. To this frugal mode of living, he was first disposed by care to pay fome debts which he had contracted, and he continued it for the pleasure of accumulating money. His avarice, however, was not suffered to obstruct the claims of his dignity; he was served in plate, and used to say that he was the poorest gentieman in Ireland that cat upon plate, and the richest that lived without a coach.

How he spent the rest of his time, and how he employed his hours of study, has been enquired with hopeless curiosity. For who can give an account of another's studies ? Swift was not likely to admit any to his privacies, or to impart a minute account of his business or his leisure.;

. . : D . Soon Soon after (1716), in his forty-ninth year, he was privately married to Mrs. Johnson by Dr. Afhe, Bishop of Clogher, as Dr. Madden told me, in the garden. The marriage made no change in their mode of life; they lived in different houses, as before; nor did the ever lodge in the deanery but when Swift was seized with a fit of giddiness. “ It would 66 be difficult,” says Lord Orrery, “ to 6 prove that they were ever afterwards -s« together without a third person.”

The Dean of St. Patrick's lived in a private manner, known and regarded only by his friends, till, about the year. 1920, he, by a pamphlet, recommended to the Irish the use, and consequently the improvement, of their manufacture.

For

For a man to use the productions of his own labour is furely a natural right, and to like best what he makes himself is a natural passion. But to excite this paffion, and enforce this right, appeared so criminal to those who had an intercit in the English trade, that the printer was imprisoned; and, as Hawkesworth justly observes, the attention of the publick being by this outrageous resentment turned upon the proposal, the author was by consequence made popular.

In 1723 died Mrs. Van Homrigh, a woman made unhappy by her admiration of wit, and ignominiously distinguished by the name of Vanela, whose conduct has been already sufficiently discussed, and whose history is too well D 2

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