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tradicted by Oxford, but Bolingbroke whispered that he was right.

Before this violent dissention had shattered the Ministry, Swift had published, in the beginning of the year (1714), The Publick Spirit of the Whigs, in answer to The Crisis, a pamphlet for which Steele was expelled from the House of Commons. Swift was now so far alienated from Steele as to think hiin no longer entitled to decency, and therefore treats him sometimes with contempt, and sometimes with abhorrence.

In this pamphlet the Scots were mentioned in terms fo provoking to that irritable nation, that, resolving not to be offended with impunity, the Scotch Lords in a body demanded an audience of the

Queen, Queen, and folicited reparation. A proclamation was issued, in which three hundred pounds was offered for discovery of the author. From this storm he was, as he relates, secured by a sleight; of what kind, or by whose prudence, is. not known; and such was the increase of his reputation, that the Scottish Nation applied again that he would be their friend.

He was become so formidable to the Whigs, that his familiarity with the Ministers was clamoured at in Parliament, particularly by two men, afterwards of great note, Aisabie and Walpole..

But, by the difunion of his great friends, his importance and his designs were now at an end.; and seeing his ser

vices

vices at last useless, he retired about June (1714) into Berkshire, where, in the house of a friend, he wrote what was then suppressed, but has since appeared under the title of Free Thoughts on the present State of Affairs. .

While he was waiting in this retirement for events which time or chance might bring to pass, the death of the Queen broke down at once the whole system of Tory Politicks; and nothing remained but to withdraw from the im." placability of triumphant Whiggism, and shelter' himself in unenvied obfcurity. : The accounts of his reception in Ireland, given by Lord Orrery and Dr. Delany, are so different, that the credit of

the

the writers, both undoubtedly veracious, cannot be saved but by supposing, what I think is true, that they speak of different times. When Delany says that he was received with kindness and respect, he means for the first fortnight, when he came to take legal possession; and when Lord Orrery tells that he was pelted by the populace, he is to be · understood of the time when, after the Queen’s death, he became a settled refident.

The Archbishop of Dublin gave him at first some disturbance in the exercise of his jurisdiction; but it was soon difcovered, that between prudence and integrity he was seldom in the wrong; . I . ; .... . and

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and that, when he was right, his spirit did not easily yield to opposition.

Having so lately quitted the tumults of a party and the intrigues of a court, they still kept his thoughts in agitation, as the sea fluctuates a while when the storm has ceased. He therefore filled his hours with some historical attempts, relating to the Change of the Ministers and the Conduet of the Ministry. He likewise is said to have written a Hiftory of the Four last Years of Queen Anne, which he began in her life-time, and afterwards taboured with great attention, but never published. It was after his death in the hands of Lord Orrery and Dr. King. A book under that title was published, with Swift's name, by Dr.

Lucas;

Dan

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