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their own quarrel; and that amongst our enemies we might number our allies.

That is now no longer doubted, of which the nation was then first informed, that the war was unnecessarily protracted to fill the pockets of Marlborough; and that it would have been continued without end, if he could have continued his annual plunder. But Swift, I suppose, did not yet know what he has since written, that a commission was drawn which would have appointed him General for life, had it not become ineffectual by the resolution of Lord Cowper, who refused the seal

Whatever is received, say the schools, is received in proportion to the recipient. The power of a political treatise de

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pends much upon the disposition of the people; the nation was then combustible, and a spark set it on fire. It is boasted, that between November and January eleven thousand were sold; a great number at that time, when we were not yet a nation of readers. To its propagation certainly no agency of power or influence was wanting. It furnished arguments for conversation, speeches for debate, and materials for parliamentary resolutions.

Yet, surely, whoever surveys this wonder-working pamphlet with cool perusal, will confess that its efficacy was supplied by the passions of its readers ; that it operates by the mere weight of facts, with very little affistance from the hand that produced them.

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This year (1712) he published his Reflections on the Barrier Treaty, which carries on the design of his conduct of the Allies, and shews how little regard in that negotiation had been shewn to the interest of England, and how much of the conquered country had been demanded by the Dutch.

This was followed by Remarks on the Bishop of Sarums Introdu&tion to his third Volume of the History of the Reformation ; a pamphlet which Burnet published as an alarm, to warn the nation of the approach of Popery. Swift, who seems to have disliked the Bishop with some

thing more than political aversion, treats him like one whom he is glad of an opportunity to insult.

Swift, being now the declared favou. rite and supposed confidant of the Tory Ministry, was treated by all that depended on the Court with the respect which dependents know how to pay. He foon began to feel part of the misery of greatness; he that could say he knew him, confidered himself as having fortune in his power. Commiffions, solicitations, remonftrances, crouded about him ; he was expected to do every man's business, to procure employment for one, and to retain it for another. In assisting those who addressed him, he represents himself as sufficiently diligent; and desires

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to have others believe, what he probably believed himself, that by his interpofition many Whigs of merit, and among them- Addison and Congreve, were continued in their places. But every man of known influence has so many petitions which he cannot grant, that he must nécessarily offend more than he gratifies, as the preference given to one af. . fords all the rest a reason for complaint. When I give away a place, said Lewis XIV. I make an kundred discontented, and onė vingratefu!. - Much has been said of the equality and independence which he preserved in his conversation with the Ministers, of the frankness of his remonftrances, and the familiarity of his friendship.

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