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cess meant the first Frederick William, and the Captain his Majesty the latest Frederick William, for whose demise we are now in mourning. As for the Chevalier St. George having resigned the crown of England at Rome to his son Prince Charles, the worthy Captain could neither make head nor tail of it, seeing he had before he sailed witnessed the marriage procession of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
The Princess had, however, by her consistency so far overcome his opinion of her insanity as to be able to induce him to alter his course up Channel, for the sake of landing her at London ; and, as the Sally neared the chalk-cliff shores, it was soon shown that their notions of domestic affairs were as widely discrepant as those on external relations.
“Ah!” said the Princess, with a tear in her eye, as she caught a view of Dover Castle, “I know Mr. Weller, the deputy-governor, who will indeed be rejoiced to welcome his royal mistress to her native land."
“Mr. Weller, madam,” observed the Captain, “is not the governor. Mr. Pickwick is, and Samivell is his servant. The old gen-l-m-n you mention may be the Dover stage-coachman.”
The bewildered Princess could only shrug up her shoulders at this perplexing announcement, but expressed a hope that they might land soon enough for her to get to the palace and dress in time for dinner at two o'clock. If later, the King might be gone to some ball at the Haymarket theatre, or be engaged in his usual game of hazard * with the nobility invited to sport a few guineas at the royal table. Besides, it was most dangerous to attempt to traverse the suburbs in the dark, beset as they nightly were by footpads and highwaymen. Nor were the streets of London safer; and it was only the week before that the post had been stopped at Knightsbridge, and robbed of the Bath and Bristol mails; whilst half a dozen persons had been stabbed and plundered in Fleet Street and the Strand. In vain did the captain assure her Royal Highness that nobody of fashion, and far less royalty, ever dined now o' days till eight o'clock; and that, in consequence of the New Police, there were no street murders (though there were a few in private dwelling-houses); that even Hounslow Heath was cultivated fields, and Bagshot could not boast of a single highwayman ; that the Five Fields, Chelsea, were Belgrave and Eaton Squares, and Chelsea Common a populous town.
On landing at Greenwich, her Royal Highness wished much for a
justice, loved mercy, and walked humbly with her God. The whole Christian religion was early planted in her heart, which was entirely formed and fashioned by it. Her life had chiefly for its direction two great objects, how she might exalt the glory of God, and how demonstrate her good will towards men, Her benevolence to her fellow creatures was such as the good angels are blest with, warm and cherishing, wide and unbounded. Thousands and tens of thousands has she comforted and relieved, many has she enriched and advanced, and the collective mass of mankind daily had her blessings and her prayers.”—Such are portions of the eulogium pronounced at her death upon this exemplary lady, who upon her manors of Led. shaw, Thorparch, Collingham, Wheldale, Wyke, Shadwell, Burton Salmon, &c. &c. erected many charity schools, and endowed many charities, leaving, as the epi. taph on her lead coffin expresses it, “ a pattern to succeeding ages of all that 's good, and all that's great."
“ Last night, the Lord Harrington, the Duke of Newcastle, the Duchess of Richmond, the Earl of Albemarle, Lord Viscount Harcourt, Augustus Schulz, Esq. &c. played at hazard with his Majesty, the Duke, and the Princesses." -- Newspaper paragraph, January 1740.
sedan-chair, and hinted at one of John Tull's new patent, in which an individual might be carried a hundred miles in a day! The Captain offered a buss or a cab, but advised the railroad as the most rapid conveyance. Having assented to this, the Princess was escorted to the train, and what language could convey her utter amazement and dismay! When the hissing vapour ascended, the machinery rattled, and the mass of carriages began to move, she sank senseless to the bottom of that in which she had been placed, and for a while became as lost to perception as she had been during her century of incrustation in the conservative ice of the Pole. Though her trance lasted only a few minutes, her journey was performed, and she awoke to consciousness, and a renewal of terror and astonishment, at London Bridge,-not the London Bridge of her memory, with its incumbrances and mouldering buildings, but a splendid edifice spanning the flood of Thames in two or three prodigious strides, whilst immediately above a greater miracle still presented itself, a bridge of iron ! and hundreds of demon steamers were plying in every direction, some of wood, some of iron, and all crowded with busy thousands. No wonder that the distracted Princess went from swoon into swoon ; for it was impossible to conceive that she had not fallen among a race of frightful and fiery enchanters; and weil was she read in the wickedness of the godless crew.
It would be an endless task to point out the million of changes which a century had produced; but it may not unamusingly continue for a space the object endeavoured to be slightly illustrated in this sketch, if we notice a few of the incidents which have occurred to us on the review and comparison.
On reviving, and glancing at a journal, the Princess saw something of the new Post-office regulations.
“Ah!” said she, “I recollect these. Our excellent Postmaster General, ever attentive to the public good, ordered a bag to be made up for Hounslow every night, except Sunday, during the period of the encampment there, and the Duke of Cumberland highly approved of the plan. But, heaven protect us !” she added, " what is this? Parliamentary debates! Why, here are the proceedings of Parliament, with the names of speakers, — Lord Melbourne, Lord Normanby, the Duke of Wellington, Lord Brougham, Lord Lyndhurst, Lord Stanley, Lord John Russell, Sir Robert Peel, Sir James Graham, Mr. Hume, Mr. D. O'Connell, and a hundred more. Why are not the printers committed to prison? Where are now the winked-at reports of the senate of great Lilliput, in which the Urgs and Hurgolets of the Clinabs, and the lordly Hurgos and Nardacs had their speeches surreptitiously and mysteriously given to the people ? * Dare they outrage the privileges of Parliament in this open manner; and do neither the court nor the country party stand up for their constitutional rights ? As well might they give up franking—”
* The periodicals of the day, which ventured so far to infringe the standing orders of Parliament against the presence of strangers, and any notice of their proceedings, adopted this thin style of disguise, and treated their readers with the speeches of the Hurgo Sarkbrugh, the Hurgo Quadrert, the Hurgo Haxilaf, the Hurgo A yelsdrof, the Nardac Secretary of State, the Nardac Agryl, &c. &c. of the House of Hurgoes; and, in the lower house, alias the House of Clinabs, with the speeches of Hurgolens Gumdahm, Yegou, and Branard ; the Urgs Lettyltno, Plemahm, and Snodsby ; Pulnul, the prime minister, the Galhet Werga, and similar anonymes.
“ Franking is abolished," whispered Captain Shoalsby.
“ Franking abolished !” exclaimed her Royal Highness. “ Poor Cornelius MacGillicuddy, then, lived before his time; for I remember he was severely punished for forging a frank, which the House declared to be a high misdemeanour, and notorious breach of privilege.”
“ The customs of countries change wonderfully in a century. Are the lotteries drawn daily ?”—“There are no lotteries."-"Are the watchmen and beadles effective?"_" There are no watchmen, and the beadles are a remnant differently employed.”—“ Are the chocolate and coffee-houses filled every forenoon with the loungers who have not to attend the levees of great men?"-" But a few persons kick their heels in the antechambers of the Bureaucracy, and chocolate and coffee-houses are no more. Clubs have superseded them, or rather their last remains; for they were extinguished before by the altered habits of the people.”
Epsom, the Derby, and the Oaks for 1840 are over. We need not describe what they are now; but it is curious to cast a look back to 1740, and learn that an act to discourage horse-racing occupied the attention of Parliament; for the evil had risen to such a height, that during six days at Epsom six races were run, the utmost prize being forty guineas, and the amount of the six one hundred and eighty guineas! To be sure there was cocking to boot, as usual. The last Cocking in our days was the poor fellow who tumbled from a balloon ; and what would have been thought of a balloon, if such a thing had been mentioned as a project in 1740 ?
And, alas! where are our Princess's literary contemporaries ? where Dryden, and Pope, and Warburton, and Thomson, and Mallett, -the latter with their masques for her royal race, and Cibber with his birth-day odes, and Rich with his pantomimes, and Swift withế? What Swift was with we have reserved for a bonne bouche. It is thus recorded in the news from Ireland :
“Dublin, July 5.—Last Tuesday being the anniversary of the Battle of the Buyne, in 1690, when the glorious King William, of immortal memory, defeated the late King James, and put his army to flight, the same was observed all over this city with the greatest rejoicings ever known upon this occasion. The Rev. Dr. Swift, D.S.P.D. from his great love of liberty, had the largest bonfire ever seen in this city, made of a thick tree, about forty feet high (which was erected near the watch-house in St. Kevin Street, as being the broadest and most open part, to prevent the flames reaching the houses), with many bars and scaffolds, whereon were erected many pitch and tar barrels; round the bottom of the tree were large quantities of horse and other animal bones, covered with furze, strewed over with orange-coloured flowers, which made a most beautiful appearance. At nine in the evening the fire was lighted, which appeared like a burning pyramid. The Dean gave a handsome sum to the populace to drink the “Glorious and Immortal Memory of King William, who rescued these Kingdoms from Slavery and Arbitrary Power,' which was drunk with great cheerfulness by all the people present, whose number was very great; and the night concluded with the greatest demonstrations of joy and expressions of loyalty.”
This perishable pile, bestow'd by Swift
No sordid views the breast of Swift could move,
Applaud that hero, who had rescued three. The retrospect of a hundred years is full of curious matter for reflection. Ireland, where the foregoing is recorded, in other respects is too like the Ireland of our day,-stained with rapine, murders, and banded combinations riding roughshod over the laws. In England, the remarkable refinement of manners and modes of expression is striking, not less in private life than on the stage and in the press. The contrast in the administration of justice is also a most striking feature. Corporal punishments and executions were numerous beyond belief; and the way in which these éxamples were carried into effect defy the powers of exaggeration. Of criminals strung up by dozens at Tyburn, we read of one so bunglingly executed, that when carried to Surgeons' Hall for dissection, the first incision brought him to life again ; and of the corpse of another, selected from six hanged on the same day by the same body, for their anatomical discourse, being rescued from them after a desperate fight at the foot of the gallows by his armed associates, and taken to Westminster to be buried. R. Briggs, for marrying two wives, is sentenced to be burnt in the hand; and (listen, ye pleaders against flogging in the army or navy) the journals exult over the lashing of Mr. Evans, a sergeant, who had absconded with the regiment's cash-box, and who, we are told, at the age of about seventy received his first well-merited allowance of three hundred lashes at the Tower, being part of the nine hundred which he would receive in full for his delinquency.
The feelings of men are assuredly much improved since such an infiction could be described in such a tone.*
But our researches, for the sake of a jeu d'esprit, are betraying us into an essay, which we will not prolong except by stating, in justice to the age, that charity superabounded far above our, in some respects, more civilised epoch. Kings, princes, corporations, companies, noblemen, private individuals,-in short, all ranks and classes gave profusely to mitigate the rigours of that severe season. And to conclude
The heart of our Princess Goosey seems to have been the only one frozen on the occasion.
* The report of the court martial relating to William Walker, of Colonel Rey. nolds' company in the third regiment of Foot Guards, and Sergeant Evans, of Colonel Duncomb's company in the first regiment, having been made to his Majesty, they are each to receive nine hundred lashes, -viz, three hundred from each of the three regiments of Guards; and Evans is afterwards to be drummed out with a halter about his neck, and his crime in capital letters affixed to his back.– February 9th.
Tuesday the first battalion of the first regiment of Foot Guards was mustered at the Tower, when Mr. Evans, the sergeant, aged about seventy, received his first payment of three hundred lashes of wholesome severity, pursuant to his sentence at a general court-martial, for deserting with the company's pay above nine years ago. He is to receive six hundred more at two different times, and to be drummed out of the regiment with the order of Jack Ketch about his neck.- February 21st.
Yesterday Sergeant Evans received his last three hundred lashes on the parade of the Tower, pursuant to the sentence of the court-martial, for running from his colours, and carrying off one month's pay of the company, and was afterwards driimed out of the regiment to the Tower-gate with a halter about his neck.March 13th.
CHAPTER XVIII. In which a point of some interest is argued at Richmond. When Bob heard that General Johnson had called, his indignation was excessive. He was in the house at the very time, nay all the time the General was there; and therefore could not but express in the warmest terms his sense of the extremely ungentlemanlike conduct of his fellow-servant William, who knew that the most direct intimations had been given, that when the General called he wished to have the honour of letting him out. He was conscious of this, quite conscious; and yet, having taken up the General's card, and become thereby certain of its being the General, this slave of passion returned to the kitchen, in which Bob and the cook were refreshing themselves with cold chicken and short cakes, and never mentioned a single syllable having reference to the General until he had actually departed! This Bob held to be a dereliction of principle, of a character so monstrous that it was with extreme difficulty that he withheld that degree of prompt chastisement to which he conceived the delinquent entitled. His philosophy, however, imparted strength to his forbearance, and eventually caused him to be content with administering a grave expostulation, to the justice of which the cook promptly subscribed ; for that amiable person had an ardent affection for Bob, — an affection which manifested itself chiefly in this, that she reserved for him exclusively all those delicacies of which she knew him to be strikingly fond, which was a monopoly, a species of favouritism, of which William did by no means approve; for, as he had an ardent affection for the cook, it rendered him very uncomfortable. It is to this, and to this alone, that his highly reprehensible conduct on the occasion in question must be attributed. He was jealous - in the tenderest sense jealous; and, albeit the object of his love was extremely tyrannical, and treated him with every unladylike indignity, when he saw her and Bob thus enjoying themselves with the short cakes and chickens, the spirit of revenge took possession of his soul so securely, that it was with a feeling of intense satisfaction he announced, when the General had left, that the General had been. This feeling was, however, short-lived; for while the cook laboured zealously to prove to him how utterly unfit he was in consequence to be in any respectable kitchen, Bob was engaged in philosophically showing that his behaviour was beneath the true dignity of a man, which had a very powerful effect.
Stanley no sooner returned than Amelia explained to him with feelings of delight that Miss Johnson was the lady whom he had rescued ; that the General had called with a warm heart to thank him; and that he had promised to use his influence with the Captain in their favour; all which imparted great satisfaction to Stanley, who, however, felt more than he expressed.
“I wonder,” said he,“ how the General found me out.” “ His servant, it appears, knew you." “Well, I am glad that he has called, because, knowing the family