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the government, leaving the conduct living or dead, its annals will always
of affairs very much to his nephew, be a noble monument to him whose
Captain Brooke, whom he has desig- force of character and undaunted per-
nated as his heir and successor, and sistency created it.
who is represented as being also heir
in a large degree to his uncle's princi- The earlier portraits we have of Ra-
ples, courage, and sagacity.

jah Brooke depict him as a man of a peRajah Brooke sought persistently for culiarly frank, open, and pleasing extemany years to give perpetuity to his rior, yet with a countenance marked by life's work by placing Sarawak under intelligence, thought, and energy; but British protection. He made repeated underneath all a certain dreaminess of offers to surrender to the Queen all expression, found often in the faces of right and title which he had acquired, those born for adventure and to seek on any terms which would secure the for the enterprise of their age fresh welfare of the natives. But these of- . fields, new El Dorados hidden in strange fers have been definitely rejected ; the

lands and unfamiliar seas. seeming protection which Sarawak en- The later portraits give us a face, joyed through the position of its ruler plain, sagacious, yet full of an expresas Governor of Labuan has been with- sion of kindly benevolence. The exidrawn, and the little state left to work gencies of a busy life have transformed out unaided its destiny. What shall romance into reality and common-sense; be the final fate of this interesting the adventurer and knight-errant has experiment, whether there shall arise but obeyed the law of his age, and besuccessors to the founder wise enough come a noble example of the power of to maintain the government so bravely the Anglo-Saxon mind to organize in established, or whether the infant state the face of adverse circumstances a shall perish with the man who called it state, and to construct out of most uninto existence, and become only a mem- promising elements the good fabric of ory, it is impossible to foretell ; but, orderly social life.




ARCH, 1845. Nature some- ture, - finding a beauty and fitness even

times displays a little tender- in the poorest of them, which we canness for our vanity, but is never care- not see in the best. ful for our pride. She is willing that we should look foolish in the eyes of A child or a young girl so sweet and others, but keeps our little nonsensi- beautiful, that God made new flowers calnesses from ourselves.

on purpose for her.

Perhaps there are higher intelli- May 4. — On the river-side, by the gences that look upon all the manifes- Promontory of Columbines. The river tations of the human mind — meta- here makes a bend, nearly at a right physics, ethics, histories, politics, po angle. On the opposite side, a high ems, stories, etc., etc. — with the same bank descends precipitately to the wainterest that we look upon flowers, or ter; a few apple-trees are scattered any other humble production of na- along the declivity. A small cottage,

with a barn, peeps over the top of the lieu of rich beauty. This is the first bank; and at its foot, with their roots day of the present spring that I have in the water, is a picturesque clump of found any quite blown ; but last year, several maple-trees, their trunks all in I believe, they came considerably eara cluster, and their tops forming a lier. Here and there appeared a blue united mass of now fast-budding foli- violet, nestling close to the ground, age. At the foot of this clump of trees pretty, but inconvenient to gather and lies a boat, half in the water, half drawn carry home, on account of its short up on the bank. A tract of flags and stalk. Houstonias are scattered about water-weeds extends along the base of by handfuls. Anemones have been in the bank, outside of which, at a late bloom for several days on the edge of period, will grow the flat, broad leaves the woods, but none ever grow on the of the yellow water-lily, and the pond- Promontory of Columbines. lily. A southwestern breeze is ruffling The grass is a glad green in spots; the river, and drives the little wavelets but this verdure is very partial, and in the same direction as the current. over the general extent the old, withered Most of the course of the river in this stalks of last year's grass are found to vicinity is through marshy and mead- predominate. The verdure appears owy ground, as yet scarcely redeemed rich, between the beholder and the from the spring-time overflow, and sun; in the opposite direction, it is which at all seasons is plashy and un- much less so. Old mullein-stalks rise fit for walking At my feet the water tall and desolate, and cling tenaciously overbrims the shore, and kisses the to the soil when we try to uproot new green grass, which sprouts even them. The promontory is broken into beneath it.

two or three heads. Its only shadow The Promontory of Columbines rises is from a moderately-sized elm, which, rugged and rocky from amidst sur- from year to year, has flung down its rounding lowlands, (in a field next to dead branches, all within its circumferthat where the monument is erected, ence, where they lie in various stages near the Old Manse,) and it forms the

of decay. There are likewise rotten forth-putting angle at the bend of the and charred stumps of several other river. In earlier spring the river em- trees. braces it all round, and converts it into an island. Rocks, with flakes of The fence of our avenue is covered dry moss covering them, peep out with moss on the side fronting towards everywhere; and abundant columbines the north, while the opposite side is quite grow in the interstices of these rocks, free from it, — the reason being, that and wherever else the soil is scanty there is never any sunshine on the and difficult enough to suit their fancy, north side to dry the moisture caused - avoiding the smoother and better by rains from the northeast. The moss sites, which they might just as well is very luxuriant, sprouting from the have chosen, close at hand. They are half-decayed wood, and clinging to it earlier on this spot than anywhere as if partially incorporated therewith. else, and are therefore doubly valuable, though not nearly so large, nor of so Towards the dimness of evening a rich a scarlet and gold, as some that we half-length figure appearing at a winshall gather from the eastern slope of a dow, — the blackness of the background, hill, two or three weeks hence. The and the light upon the face, cause it promontory is exposed to all winds, to appear like a Rembrandt picture. and there seems no reason why it should produce the earliest flowers, On the top of Wachusett, butterunless that this is a peculiar race of fies, large and splendid ; also bees in columbines, which has the precious gift considerable numbers, sucking honey of earlier birth assigned to them in from the alpine flowers. There is a certain flower, a species of Potentilla, I burg we passed fields which were enthink, which is found on mountains at tirely covered with the mountain-laurel a certain elevation, and inhabits a belt, in full bloom, as splendid a spectabeing found neither above nor below cle, in its way, as could be imagined. it. On the highest top of Wachusett Princeton is a little town, lying on a there is a circular foundation, built high ridge, exposed to all the stirrings evidently with great labor, of large, of the upper air, and with a prospect of rough stones, and rising perhaps fifteen a score of miles round about. The feet. On this basis formerly rose a great family of this place is that of the wooden tower, the fragments of which, Boylstons, who own Wachusett, and a few of the timbers, now lie scattered have a mansion, with good pretensions about. The immediate summit of the to architecture, in Princeton. mountain is nearly bare and rocky, Notables: Old Gregory, the dwellalthough interspersed with bushes ; but er of the mountain-side ; his high-spirat a very short distance below there ited wife; the son, speaking grufily are trees, though slender, forming a from behind the scenes, in answer tangled coníusion, and among them to his father's inquiries as

to the grows the wild honeysuckle pretty expediency of lodging us. The brisk abundantly, which was in bloom when little landlord at Princeton, recently we were there (Sunday, June 17th). married, intelligent, honest, lively, A flight of rude stone steps ascends agreeable; his wife, with her youngthe circular stone foundation of the ladyish manners still about her; the round tower. By the by, it cannot be second class of annuals, and other more than ten feet high, at the utmost, popular literature, in the parlors of the instead of fifteen.

house; colored engraving of the exploThe prospect from the top of Wachu- sion of the rinceton's gun, with the sett is the finest that I have seen, principal characters in that scene, desthe elevation being not so great as to ignated by name ; also Death of Nasnatch the beholder from all sympathy poleon, &c. . A young Mr. Boylston with earth. The roads that wind along boarding at the inn, and driving out in at the foot of the mountain are discerni- a beautiful, city-built phaeton, of exble; and the villages, lying separate quisite lightness. We met him and a and unconscious of one another, each lady in the phaeton, and two other with their little knot of peculiar inter- ladies on horseback, in a narrow path, ests, but all gathered into one cate- densely wooded, on the ascent of a gory by the observer above them. hill. It was quite romantic. LikeWhite spires, and the white glimmer wise old Mr. Boylston, frequenting the of hamlets, perhaps a dozen miles off. tavern, coming in after church, and The gleam of lakes afar, giving life to smoking a cigar, ... cntcring inio the whole landscape. Much wood, conversation with strangers about the shagging hills and plains. On the ascent of the mountain. The tailor of west, a hill-country, swelling like the place, with liis qucer advertisewaves, with these villages sometimes ment pasted on the wall of the bardiscovered among them. On the cast room, comprising certificates from taiit looks dim and blue, and aficcts the lors in New York City, and various beholder like the sea, as the eye recommendations, from clergymen and stretches far away. On the north (?) others, of his moral and religious charappears Monadnock, in his whole per- acter. Two Shakers in the cars, son, discernible from the feet upwards, both, if I mistake not, with thread rising boldly and tangibly to the sense, gloves on. The foundation of the old so that you have the figure wholly be- meeting-house of Princeton, standing fore you, fair and blue, but not dim on a height above the village, as bleak and cloudlike.

and windy as the top of Mount Ararat; On the road from Princeton to Fitch- also the old deserted town-house. The edifices were probably thus located in in rank, Commander P, an officerorder to be more exactly in the centre like, middle-aged man, with such cultiof the township.

vation as a sensible man picks up about

the world, and with what little tincture From July 25 to August 9, 1845, at he imbibes from a bluish wife. In the Portsmouth Navy Yard. Remarkables: vicinity of the Navy Yard, an engineerthe free and social mode of life among officer, stationed for a year or two past the officers and their families, meeting on a secluded point of the coast, makat evening on the door-steps or in front ing a map, minutely finished, on a very of their houses, or stepping in familiar- extensive scale, of country and coast ly; the rough-hewn first lieutenant, near Portsmouth ; he is red-nosed, and with no ideas beyond the service; the has the aspect of a free liver; his comdoctor, priding himself on his culti- panion, a civil engineer, with much vation and refinement, pretending to more appearance of intellectual activelegance, sensitive, touchy; the sail- ity. Their map is spread out in a room ing-master, an old salt, of the some- that looks forth upon the sea and islwhat modernized Tom Bowline pattern, ands, and has all the advantages of tossed about by fifty years of stormy sea-air, — very desirable for summer, surges, and at last swept into this but gloomy as a winter residence. quiet nook, where he tells yarns of At Fort Constitution are many ofhis cruises and duels, repeats his own ficers, a major and two lieutenants, epitaph, drinks a reasonable quantity the former living in a house within the of grog, and complains of dyspepsia; walls of the fort, the latter occupying the old fat major of marines, with a small residences outside. They are brown wig not pretending to imitate coarse men, apparently of few ideas, natural hair, but only to cover his bald- and not what one can call gentlemen. ness and grayness with something that They are likewise less frank and hoshe imagines will be less unsightly: he pitable than the navy officers. Their has a potent odor of snuff, but has quarters have not the aspect of homes, left off wine and strong drink for the last although they continue for a term of twenty-seven years. A Southerner, all years, five or more, on one station, astray among our New England man- whereas the navy officers are limited ners, but reconciling himself to them, to two or three. But then the former like a long practised man of the world, migrate with their families to new staonly somewhat tremulous at the idea of tions, whereas the wives of the naval a New England winter. The lieuten- officers, though ejected from the navyant of marines, a tall, red-haired man, yard houses, yet, not accompanying between thirty and forty, stiff in his mo- their husbands on service, remain to tions from the effect of a palsy contract- form a nucleus of home. ed in Florida,-a man of thought, both Two or three miles from the Navy as to his profession and other matters, Yard, on Kittery Point, stands the forparticularly matters spiritual, - a con- mer residence of Sir William Peppervert, within a few years, to Papistry, – ell. It is a gambrel-roofed house, very a seer of ghosts, – a dry joker, yet sad long and spacious, and looks venerable and earnest in his nature, - a scien- and imposing from its dimensions. A tific soldier, criticising Jackson's mili- decent, respectable, intelligent woman tary talent, — fond of discussion, with admitted us, and showed us from botmuch more intellect than he finds em- tom to top of her part of the house ; ployment for, — withal, somewhat sim- she being a tenant of one half. The ple. Then the commandant of the yard, rooms were not remarkable for size, Captain S-, a man without brillian- but were panelled on every side. The cy, of plain aspect and simple man- staircase is the best feature, ascending ners, but just, upright, kindly, with an gradually, broad and square, and with excellent practical intellect; his next an elaborate balustrade ; and over the front door there is a wide window and a tures by some monkish hand. It was spacious breadth, where the old baronet given him by a commodore in the navy, and his guests, after dinner, might sit who picked it up in Italy, without knowand look out upon the water and his ing what it was, nor could the learned ships at anchor. The garret is one professors of at least one college inform apartment, extending over the whole him, until he finally offered it to Dr. house. The kitchen is very small, Burroughs, on condition that he should much too small for the credit of the tell him what it was. We likewise saw house, were it not redeemed by the a copy of the famous “ Breeches Bible," size of the fireplace, which originally and other knicknacks and curiosities could not have been less than fourteen which people have taken pleasure in seet, though now abridged by an oven, giving to one who appreciated such which has been built within it. The things, and whose kindly disposition hearth extends half-way across the makes it a happiness to oblige him. floor of the kitchen. On one side, the His house has entertained famous road passes close by the house ; on the guests in the time of the old Goverother, it stands within fifty yards of the nor, - among them Louis Philippe, shore. I recollect no outhouses. At Talleyrand, Lafayette, and Washinga short distance, across the road, is a ton, all of whom occupied successively marble tomb, on the level slab of which the same chamber; besides, no doubt, is the Pepperell coat of arms, and an a host of less world-wide distinguished inscription in memory of Sir William's persons. father, to whom the son seems to have erected it, — although it is the family A battery of thirty-two pound peritomb. We saw no other trace of Sir ods. William or his family. Precisely a hundred years since he was in his In the eyes of a young child or other glory. None of the name now exist innocent person, the image of a cherub here, - or elsewhere, as far as I know. or an angel to be seen peeping out, – A descendant of the Sparhawks, one of in those of a vicious person, a devil. whom married Pepperell's daughter, is now keeper of a fort in the vicinity, October II. In Boston, a man passa poor man. Lieutenant Baker tells ing along Colonnade Row, grinding a me that he has recently discovered a barrel-organ, and attended by a monbarrel full of the old family papers. key, dressed in frock and pantaloons,

The house in Portsmouth now owned and with a tremendously thick tail apand occupied by the Rev. Mr. Bur- pearing behind. While his master roughs was formerly the mansion of played on the organ, the monkey kept Governor Langdon. It contains noble pulling off his hat, bowing and scrapand spacious rooms. The Doctor's ing to the spectators, round about, – library is a fine apartment, extending sometimes, too, making a direct applicaI think, the whole breadth of the house, tion to an individual, — by all this dumb forty or fifty feet, with elaborate cor- show, beseeching them to remunerate nices, a carved fireplace, and other an- the organ-player. Whenever a coin tiquated magnificences. It was, I sup- was thrown on the ground, the monkey pose, the reception-room, and occasion- picked it up, clambered on his master's ally the dining-hall. The opposite par- shoulder, and gave it into his keeping, lor is likewise large, and finished in ex- then descended, and repeated his pantocellent style, the mantelpiece being re- mimic entreaties for more. His little, ally a fine architectural specimen. ... old, ugly, wrinkled face had an earnestDoctor Burroughs is a scholar, rejoicing ness that looked just as if it came from in the possession of an old, illuminated the love of money deep within his soul. missal, which he showed us, adorned He peered round, searching for filthy with brilliant miniatures and other pic- lucre on all sides. With his tail and

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