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gree in the same, to the governor, who shall select from the said nominations, and appoint so many justices of the peace as shall be requisite to fill the vacancies. Every person appointed a justice of the peace, shall hold his office for four years, unless removed by the county court, for causes particularly assigned by the judges of the said court. And no justice of the peace shall be removed, until he shall have notice of the charges made against him, and an opportunity of being heard in his defence.

Sec. VIII. Sheriffs and clerks of counties, including the register and clerk of the city and county of New York, shall be chosen by the electors of the respective counties, once in every three years, and as often as vacancies shall happen. Sheriffs shall hold no other office, and be ineligible for the next three years after the termination of their offices. They may be required by law to renew their security, from time to time ; and in default of giving such new security, their offices shall be deemed vacant. But the county shall never be made responsible for the acts of the sheriff ; and the governor may remove any such sheriff, clerk or register, at any time within the three years for which he shall be elected, giving to such sheriff, clerk, or register, a copy of the charge against him, and an opportunity of being heard in his defence, before any removal shall be made.

Sec. IX. The clerks of courts, except those clerks whose appointment is provided for in the preceding sec. tion, shall be appointed by the courts of which they re. spectively are clerks; and district attorneys, by the county courts. Clerks of courts and district attorneys shall hold their offices for three years, unless sooner re. moved by the courts appointing them.

Sec. X. The mayors of all the cities in this state shall be appointed annually, by the common councils of the respective cities.

Sec. XI. So many coroners as the legislature may direct, not exceeding four in each county, shall be elected in the same manner as sheriffs, and shall hold their

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offices for the same term, and be removable in like man.

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Sec. XII. The governor shall nominate, and, with the consent of the senate, appoint masters and examiners in chancery, who shall hold their offices for three

years, unless sooner removed by the senate, on the recommendation of the governor. The registers and assistant registers shall be appointed by the chancellor, and hold their offices during his pleasure.

Sec. XIII. The clerk of the court of oyer and terminer and general. sessions of the peace in and for the city and county of New York, shall be appointed by the court of general sessions of the peace in said city, and hold his office during the pleasure of the said court; and such clerks and other officers of courts, whose appointment is not herein provided for, shall be appointed by the several courts, or by the governor, with the consent of the senate, as may be directed by law.

Sec. XIV. The special justices, and the assistant jus. tices, and their clerks, in the city of New York, shall be appointed by the common council of the said city, and shall hold their offices for the same term that the jus. tices of the peace, in the other counties of this state, hold their pifices, and shall be removable in like manner.

Sec. XV. All officers heretofore elective by the people shall continue to be elected ; and all other officers, whose appointment is not provided for by this constitution, and all officers whose offices may be hereafter created by law, shall be elected by the people, or ap. pointed, as may by law be directed.

SEC. XVI. Where the duration of any office is not prescribed by this constitution, it may be declared by law; and if not so declared, such office shall be held during the pleasure of the authority making the appointment.

ARTICLE FIFTH.

SEC. I. The court for the trial of impeachments and the correction of errors shall consist of the president of the senate, the senators, the chancellor, and the jus. tices of the supreme court, or the major part of them but when an impeachment shall be prosecuted against the chancellor, or any justice of the supreme court, the person so impeached shall be suspended from exercising his office until his acquittal ; and when an appeal from a decree in chancery shall be heard, the chancel. lor shall inform the court of the reasons for his decree, but shall have no voice in the final sentence; and when a writ of error shall be brought, on a judgment of the supreme court, the justices of that court shall assign the reasons for their judgment, but shall not have a voice for its affirmance or reversal.

Sec. II. The assembly shall have the power of impeaching all civil officers of this state, for mal and corrupt conduct in office, and for high crimes and misde. meanors : but a majority of all the members elected shall concur in an impeachment. Before the trial of an impeachment, the members of the court shall take an oath or affirmation, truly and impartially to try and determine the charge in question, according to evidence ; and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the members present. Judgment, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend farther than the removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honour, trust, or pro.. fit, under this state ; but the party convicted shall be liable to indictment and punishment according to law.

SEC. III. The chancellor and justices of the supreme court, shall hold their offices during good behaviour, or until they shall attain the age of sixty years.

Sec. IV. The supreme court shall consist of a chief justice and two justices, any of whom may hold the court.

SEC. V. The state shall be divided, by law, into a convenient number of circuits, not less than four, nor exceeding eight, subject to alteration, by the legislature, from time to time, as the public good may require ; for each of which a circuit judge shall be appointed, in the same manner, and hold his office by the same tenure,

as the justices of the supreme court, and, who shall possess the powers of a justice of the supreme court at chambers, and in the trial of issues joined in the supreme court, and in courts of oyer and terminer and gaol delivery. And such equity powers may be vested in the said circuit judges, or in the county courts, or in such other subordinate courts as the legislature may by law direct, subject to the appellate jurisdiction of the chancellor.

SEC. VI. Judges of the county courts, and recorders of cities, shall hold their offices for five years, but may be removed by the senate, on the recommendation of the governor, for causes to be stated in such recom, mendation.

Sec. VII. Neither the chancellor, nor justices of the supreme court, nor any circuit judge, shall hold any other office or public trust. All votes for any elective office, given by the legislature or the people, for the chancellor, or a justice of the supreme court, or circuit judge, during his continuance in his judicial office, shall be void.

ARTICLE SIXTH, Sec. I. Members of the legislature, and all officers, executive and judicial, except such inferior officers as may by law be exempted, shall, before they enter on the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation :

I do solemnly swear, (or affirm, as the case may be,) that I will support the constitution of the United States, and the constitution of the state of New York ; and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of the office of

according to the best of my ability. And no other oath, declaration, or test, shall be required as a qualification for any office or public trust.

ARTICLE SEVENTH. Sec. I. No member of this state shall be disfrar. chised, or deprived of any of the rights or privileges şecured to any citizen thereof, unless by the law of the land, or the judgment of his peers.

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Sec. II. The trial by jury, in all cases in which it has been heretofore used, shall remain inviolate for ever ; and no new court shall be instituted, but such as shall proceed according to the course of the common law, except such courts of equity as the legislature is herein authorized to establish.

SEC. III. The free exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and worship, without discrimination or preference, shall for ever be allowed in this state, to all mankind; but the liberty of conscience hereby secured shall not be so construed as to excuse acts of licen. tiousness, or justify practices inconsistent with the peace or safety of this state.

SEC. IV. And whereas, the ministers of the gospel are, by their profession, dedicated to the service of

God, and the cure of souls, and ought not to be diverted : from the great duties of their functions : therefore, no

minister of the gospel, or priest of any denomination whatsoever, shall, at any time hereafter, under any pretence or description whatever, be eligible to, or capable of holding, any civil or military office or place within this state.

SEC. V. The militia of this state shall, at all times hereafter, be armed and disciplined, and in readiness for service. But all such inhabitants of this state, of any religious denomination whatever, as from scruples of conscience may be averse to bearing arms, shall be excused therefrom by paying to the state an equivalent in money; and the legislature shall provide, by law, for the collection of such equivalent, to be estimated ac. cording to the expense, in time and money, of an ordi. nary able-bodied militia man.

Sec. VI. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when, in cases of rebel. lion or invasion, the public safety may require its suspension.

Sec. VII. No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, (except in cases of impeachment, and in cases of the militia when in actual service; and the land and naval forces in time of war,

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