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Became a sceptic, and could raise a doubt
E'en of his father's truth. 'T'was idly done
To tell him of another world, for wits
Knew better; and the only gond ou earth
Was pleasure ; not to follow that was sin.
« Sure he that made us, made us to enjoy ;
“ And why, said he, should my foud father prate
“ Of virtue and religion? They afford
« No joys, and would abridge the scanty few
• Of nature. Nature be my deity,
« Her let me worship, as herself enjoins,
« At the full board of plenty.” Thoughtless boy!
So to a libertine he grew, a wit,
A man of honour, boastful empty names
That dignify the villain. Seldom seen,
And when at home under a cautious mask
Concealing the lewd soul, his father thought
He grew in wisdom as

grew in years. He fondly deem'd he could perceive the growth Of goodness and of learning, shooting up, Like the young offspring of the shelter'd hop, Unusual progress in a summer's night. He called him home, with great applause dismiss'd By his glad tutors--gave him good adviceBless'd him, and bade him prosper. With warm heart He drew his purse-strings, and the utmost duit Pourd in the youngster's palm. “Away, he cries, “ Go to the seat of learning, boy. Be good, “ Be wise, be frugal, for 'tis all I can. “ I will," said Toby, as he bang'd the door, And wink'd, and snapp'd his finger, “Sir, I will."

So joyful he to Alma Mater went A sturdy fresh man. See him just arriv'd, Receiv'd, matriculated, and resolv'd To drown his freshness in a pipe of port. “ Quick, Mr. Vintner, twenty dozen more; “ Some claret, too. Here's to our friends at home, " There let 'em doze. Be it our nobler aim " To live-where stands the bottle ?” Then to town Hies the gay spark for futile purposes, And deeds, my bashful musc disclaims to name,

From town to college, till a fresh supply
Sends bim again from college up to town.
The tedious interval the mace and cue,
The tennis court and racket, the slow lounge
From street to street, the badger-hunt, the race,
The raffle, the excursion, and the dance,
Ices, aud soups, dice, and the bet at whist,
Serve well enough to fill. Grievous accounts
The weekly post to the vex'd parent brings
Of college impositions, heavy dues,
Demands enormous, which ihe wicked son
Declares he does his utmost to prevent.
S, blaming with good cause the vast expense,
Bill after bill he sends, and pens the draft
'Till the full inkhorn fails. With grateful heart
Toby receives, short leave of absence begs,
Obtains it by a lie, gallops away,
And no one knows what charming things are doing
Till the gulld boy returns without his pence,
And prates of deeds unworthy of a brute :
Vile deeds, but such as in these polist'd days
None blames or hides.

So Toby fares, nor heeds
Till terms are wasted, and the proud degree,
Soon purchas'd, comes his learned toils to crown.
He swears, and swears he knows not wbat, nor cares,
Becomes a perjur'd graduate, and thinks soon

To be a candidaie for orders. Ah!
Vain was the hope. Though many a wolf as fell
Deceive the shepherd, and devour the flock,
Thou none shalt injure. On a luckless day,
Withdrawn to taste the pleasures of the town,
Ileated with wine, a vehement dispute
With a detested rival shook the root :
He penn'd a challenge, sent it, fought, and fell.









To say,


KNOW no two words that have been more abused by the different-and wrong interpretations which are put upon them, than these two, Modesty and Assurance. such a one is a modest man, sometimes indeed passes for a good character ; but at present it is very often used to signify a sheepish awkward fellow, who has neither good breeding, politeness, nor any knowledge of the world.

Again, a man of assurance, though at first it only denoted a person of a free and open carriage, is now very usually applied to a profligate wretch, who can break through all the rules of decency and njorality without a blush.

I shall endeavour, therefore, in this essay to restore these words to their true meaning, to prevent the idea of Modesty from being confounded with that of Sheepisbness, and to hinder Impudence from passing for Assurance,

If I was put to define Modesty, I would call it, The reflection of an ingenuous mind, either when a man has committed an action for which he censures himself, or fancies that he is exposed to the censure of others.

For this reason, a man truly modest is as much so wben he is alone as in company, and as subject to a blush in his closet, as when the eyes of multitudes are upon him.

I do not remember to have met with any instance of modesty with which I am so well pleased, as that cele


brated one of the young prince, whose father, being a tributary king to the Romaus, had several complaints laid against him before the senate, as a tyrant and oppressor of his subjecis. The prince went to Rome to defend his father, but coming into the senate, and hearing a multitude of crimes proved upon him, was so oppressed when it came to his turn to speak, that he was unable to utter a word. The story tells us, that the fathers were ajore moved at this instance of modesty and ingenuousness, than they could have been by the most pathetic oration ; and, in short, pardoned the guilty father for this early promise of virtue in the son,

I take Assurance to be, the faculty of possessing a man's self, or of saying and doing indifferent things without any uneasiness or emotion in the mind. That which generally gives a man assurance, is a modrale knowledge of the worlal, but above all, a mind fixed and determined in itself to do nothing against the rules of honour and decency.

open and assured behaviour is the natural consequence of such a resolution. A man thus armed, if bis words or actions are at any time misinterpreted, retires within him. self, and from a consciousness of his own integrity, assumes force enough 10 despise the little.censures of ignorance or malice.

Every one ought to clierish aníl encourage in himself the modesty and assurance I have here mentioned.

A man without assurance is liable to be mare uneasy by the folly or ill-nature of every one he converses with. A nian without modesty, is lost to all sense of honour and virtue.

It is more than prrbable, that the prince above-mentioned. possessed bo'h these qualifications in a very eininent degree. Without assurance he would never have under. taken to speak before the most august assembly in the world ; without modesty he would have plea:led the cause he had taken upon him, though it had appeared ever so scandalous:

From what has been said, it is plain, that morlesty and assurance are both amiable, and may very well meet in the same person. When they are thus mixed and blended 10geihere, they compose what we endeavour to express when we say a modest assurance; by which we understand the just mean between bashfulness and impadence.

I shall conclude with observing, that as the same man may be both modest and assured, so it is also possible for the same person to be both impudent and bashful.

We have frequent instances of this odd kind of mixture in people of depraved minds and mean education ;

who though they are not able to meet a man's eye, or pronounce a sentence without confusion, can voluntarily commit the greatest villanies or the most indecent actions.

Such a person seems to have made a resolution to do ill even in spite of himself, and in defiance of all those cbecks and restraints his temper and complexion seem to have laid in his way.

Upon the whole, I would endeavour to establish this maxım, That the practice of virtue is the most proper method to give a man a becoming assurance in his words and actions. Guilt always seeks to shelter itself in one of the extremacs, and is sometimes attended with both.




I HAVE always preferred Cheerfulness to Mirth. The latter I consider as an act, the former as a habit of the mind. Mirth is short and transient, cheerfulness fixed and permanent. Those are often raised into the greatest transports of mirth, who are subject to the greatest depressions of melancholy; on the contrary, cheerfulness, though it does not give the mind such an exquisite gladness, prevents us from falling into any depths of sorrow. Mirth is like a flash of lightning that breaks through a gloom of clouds, and glitters for a moment; cheerfulness keeps up a kind of daylight in the mind, and fills it with a steady and perpetual serenity.

Men of ausiere principles look upon mirth as too wanton and dissolute for a state of probation, and as filled with a


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