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senate, or the pulpit. A young man who has been accustomed to perforin frequent exercises in this art in private, cannot easily persuade himself, when he appears before the public, to consider the business he has to perform in any other light, than as a trial of skill, and a display of oratory. Hence it is that the character of an Orator has of late often been treated with ridicule, sometimes with contempt. We are pleased with the easy and graceful movements which the true gentleman has acquired by having learnt to dance; but we are offended by the coxcomb, who is always exhibiting his formal dancing-bow, and minuet-step. So we admire the manly eloquence and noble ardour of a British Legislator, rising up in defence of the rights of his country; the quick recollection, the forcible reasoning, and the ready utterance of the accomplished Barrister; and the sublime devotion, genuine dignity, and unaffected earnestness of the sacred Orator: but when a man, in eilher of these capacities, so far forgets the ends, and degrades the consequence of his profession, as to set himself forih to public view under the character of a Spouter, and to parade it in the ears of the vulgar with all the pomp of artificial eloquence, though the unskilful may gaze and applaud, the judicious cannot but be grieved and disgusted. Avail yourself, then, of your skill in the Art of Speaking, but always employ your powers of elocution with caution and modesty; remembering, that though it be desirable tu be admired as an eminent Orator, it is of much more inportance to be respected as a wise Statesman, an able Lawyer, or an useful Preacher,

BOOK I.

SELECT SENTENCES.

CHAPTER I.

To be ever active in laudable pursuits, is the distinguishing characteristic of a man of merit.

There is an heroic innocence, as well as an heroic courage.

There is a mean in all things. Even virtue itself hath its stated limits; which not being stricely observed, it ceases to be virtue.

It is wiser to prevent a quarrel beforehand, than to revenge it afterwards.

It is much better to reprove, than to be angry secretly.

No revenge is more heroic, than that which torments envy by doing good.

The discretion of a man deferreth his anger, and it is his glory to pass over a transgression.

Money, like manure, does no good till it is spread. There is no real use of riches, except in the distribution; the rest is all conceit.

A wise man will desire no more than what he may get justly, use soberly, distribute cheerfully, and live upon contentediy.

A contented mind, and a good conscience, will make a man happy in all conditions. He knows not how to fear, who dares to die.

There is but one way of fortifying the soul against all » gloomy presages and terrors of mind; and tltat is, by securing to ourselves the friendship and protection of that Being who disposes of events, and governs futurity.

Philosophy is then only valuable, when it serves for the law of life, and not for the ostentation of science.

CHAPTER II..

a

Without a friend the world is but a wilderness.

A man may have a thousand intimate acquaintances, and not a friend

among them all. If you have one friend, think : yourself happy.

When once you profess yourself a friend, endeavour to be always such. He can never have any true friends, that:will be often changing them.

Prosperity gains friends, and adversity tries them.
Nothing more engages the affections of

men,

than handsome address, and graceful conversation.

Complaisance renders a superior amiable, an equal agree. able, and an inferior acceptable.

Excess of ceremony shows want, of breeding. That civility is best which excludes all superfluous formality.

Ingratitude is a crime so shameful, that the man was never yet found, who would acknowledge himself guilty of it.

'Truth is born with us; and we must do violence to na. ture, to shake off our veracity.

There cannot be a greater treachery, than first to raise a · confidence, and then deceive it.

By others’ faults, wise men correct their own. No man hath a thorough taste of prosperity, to whom adversity never happenert.

When our vices :leave us, we flatter ourselves that we leave them.

It is as great a point of wisdom to hide ignorance, as to : discover knowledge.

Pitch upon that course of life which is the most excel. lent; and habit will rendis it the most delighiful.

CHAPTER III.

man.

Custom is the plague of wise nien, and the idol of fools.

As to be perfectly just, is an attribute of the divine natire; to be so to the utmost of our abilities, is the glory of

No man was ever cast down with the injuries of Fortune, unles he bad before suffered himself to be deceived by her favours.

Anger may glance into the breast of a wise man, but rests only in the bosom of fools.

None more impatiently suffer injuries, than those that are most forward in doing them.

By taking revenge, a man is but even with his enemy; but in passing it over, he is superior.

To err is human: to forgive, divine.

A more glorious victory cannot be gained over another man, ihan this, that when the injury began on his parı, itie kindness should begin on ours.

The prodigal robs his heir, the miser rubs himself.

We should take a prudent care for the future, but so as to enjoy the present. It is no part of wisdom to be miserable to-day, because we may happen to be so to-morrow. To mourn without measure is folly; not tv niourn at all, iosensibility.

Some would be thought to do great things, who are but tools and instruments; like'the fool who fancied he played upon the organ, when he only blew the bellows.

Though a man may beconie learned by another's learning; he never can be wise but by his own wisdom.

He who wants good sense, is unhappy in having learning, for he has thereby more ways of exposing himself.

It is ungenerous to give a man occasion to blush at his own ignorance in one thing, who perhaps may excel us in many.

No object is more pleasing to the eye, than the sight of a man whom you have obliged; nor any music so agreeable to the ear, as the voice of one that owns you for his benefactor,

The coin that is most current among mankind is flattery ; the only benefit of which is, that by hearing what we are not, we may be instructed what we ought to be.

The character of the person who commends you, is to be considered before you set a value on his esteem. The wise man applauds him whom he thinks most virtuous, the rest of the world him who is most wealthy.

The temperate man's pleasures are durable, because they are regular; and all his life is calm and serene, because it is innocent.

A good man will love himself too well to lose, and his neighbour too well to win, an estate by gaming. The love of gaming will corrupt the best principles in the world.

CHAPTER IV.

An angry man who suppresses his passions, thinks worse than he speaks; and an angry man that will chide, speaks worse than he thinks.

A good word is an easy obligation; but not to speak ill requires only our silence, which costs us nothing.

It is to affectation the world owes its whole race of coxcombs. Nature in her whole drama never drew such a part; she has sometimes made a fool, but a coxcomb is always of his own making.

It is the infirmity of little minds to be taken with every appearance, and dazzled with every thing that sparkles; but great minds have but little admiration, because few things appear new to them.

It happens to men of learning, as to ears of corn; they shoot up and raise their heads high while they are empty; but when full, and swelled with grain, they begin to flag and droop.

He that is truly polite, knows how to contradict with respect, and to please without adulation; and is equally remote from an insipid complaisance, and a low familiarity.

The failings of good men are commonly more published in the world than their good deeds; and one fault of a de

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