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with a const-calendar, or red-book for the the whole story is an utter fabrication. year 1790. - There, Sire,' said he is Francis I. taken prisoner at the battle your government already made, Replace of Pavia, was, after a year's detention all the persons you find here, who are still at Madrid, released on paying an enliving, and fill up the racancies ; and then

ormous ransom, making some terrifor the price of this book, fonnd on a stall

torial sacrifices, and entering into a near your Majesty's palace, you have your league offensive and defensive with gorernment re-established without trouble.' The King was enchanted ; the active minis. the emperor. For the truth of this try of the previous regime were imme. statement we confidently refer to Rodiately banished ; and in a few days little bertson's great work, the History of remained of the former system, but the a Charles V. Of the same freedom with buses which it suited the new order of historical facts we have another exthings to retain. The convents were re ample in p. 26, Vol. I. stored; the streets filled with monks, processions, and soldiers ; churches and forts, “ The French army, under Louis XIV. shrines and garrisons, rose in every quar- became the slavish agent of the most egoter; the Code Napoleon was set aside; the tistical ambition ; and the excesses per line of distinction between the nobility and mitted to his troops diminished their po. the people was more strongly drawn than pularity, and corrupted their discipline. ever; the Queen again let the opera-boxes The disasters which closed and disgraced according to the due number of quarter. his reign left the people discontented, and ings; and the King declared in the midst the troops degraded. The military system of a full court, upon being told that the continued to degenerate under Louis XV. King of Bavaria was a liberal, and that the The foreign foe was the least formidable King of Prussia had promised his people enemy the army found to encounter. The a constitution, • lo solo sono veramente re: battle of Fontenoy was nearly lost, because p. 55, Vol. I,

forty thousand men were left beyond the

reach of cannon-shot to guard the person For further examples, see pp. 30,

of the king, and his ambulating harem. 31, 216, and 23.5, of vol. 1. and Vol. The councils of war, held in the king's caII. passim. This book of Miladi's binet, were presided by his mistresses, and will, we have no doubt, become

governed by courtiers, whose interest it was

to counteract the unhappy commander, 3.37.os of the Raclical Reformers.

who could do nothing without the court." Our last topic shall be characterised

We had lately occasion to consult, in her Ladyship’s own words. 6. “ PREMEDITATED PERVERSION

with reference to an historical inqui07 Facts.” This is a grave and seria ry, nearly every thing that had been ous crimination, and the proof shall written on the subject of the battle of be as complete as the vice here indi- publications of 1744 and 1745, many

Fontenoy, and even in the periodical cated is odious and revolting. Our of which were in the hands of the first example shall be from p. 12 of mortal enemics of the French moVol

. I. Francis (1.) when a prison- narch, we never found the least hint er in Spain, and weary of confinement, of such an absurd and monstrous plelged his honour to the emperor piece of conduct as the king hazardvisit his dominions. When he reache ing the loss of the battle, by retained the frontiers of France he burst in- his " Ambulaling Harem.” We disbe-,

ing 40,000 men to guard himself and a fit of laughter at Charles's credu- lieve the story in toto as inconsistent, lity; and arriving at Paris built a little pavilion, and calling it Madrid, itself; and we aver that an author of

both with authentic history, and with took possession of it, with ‘Me voici à Madrid.'” Now this story is as

any veracity would never have profalse as it is ridiculous, and what is tified by the most undoubted authori

duced it unless accompanied and formore, Lady Morgan cannot but know that it is false. Will any human ample, we have only to say, that if

ty. With respect to our next exbeing that is in the smallest degree there be a human being who will beacquainted with history, believe in the lieve it on the dictum of this author, “credulity” of the Emperor Charles we wish her Ladyship all the comfort V., or that he would have been the which she can possibly derive from dupe of such an artifice as that record- such easy faith. ed above? But it is of no use to rcason, for if Robertson is to be believed “ A Madonna was made to perform a

miracle, to raise the populace against what attempt to whitewash a strumpet who was called the revolutionary party : the had dishonoured the last branch of most ferocious of the ignorant population the royal House of Stuart. It is mounted a leaden Madonna in their hats, universally known in Italy, as Dr seized arms, and, drunk with wine and Moore has long ago informed us, fanatism, proceeded with most sanguinary that Alfieri's connection with the designs to Florence. Their leader was Mr Windham, the British minister : he rode Countess of Albany, was just of that at the head of this infuriate mob, his frail simple and convenient sort which but beautiful mistress on his right, (dress- generally obtains in the land of Cicised and mounted as an Amazon ;) on his beos, and Cavalieri Serventi. We left a Monk, with the crucifix in one hand may, therefore, dismiss this Formaand a pistol in the other. Countrymen of rina, as Lady Morgan, but for the Milton, of Newton, and of Locke, it is words of condescension at the opera, thus your glorious name and honourable would have called ber, with the slenwealth have been prostituted at various der ceremony, which our country acepochs to aid the cause of oppression and cords to ladies of her caste. Lady of bigotry !" p. 85, Vol. II.

Morgan further tells us, for she is de I regret," says Lady M. p. 147 of termined to make a case, that the husthe same volume, that a name so re band was 6 brutal." Certainly a spectable should be found in these pages husband that refuses to pander to the coupled with transactions of so dark a libidinous propensities of his faithful character." We have no such feel- wife, deserves to be pilloried as “bruing. The greatest libel which Lady tal.” When a husband bas once been M. can write against a public charac- injured, he is sure to be abused by ter is to praise him. It will be recol- all women of loose morals ! lected, however, that this woman We must now take our leave of pledged herself at the outset to de this NOTLAZOMAHUITZT ESPIXCATtail only facts backed beyond the pos

Zin of female authors. We had a sibility of dispute by the authority of great deal more to say, but we have contemporary testimonies." We are already far transgressed our limits. now enabled to ascertain what these We meant to conclude with a word

contemporary testimonics” mean, of friendly admonition, but we were as we are assured that the facts' satisfied that her ladyship is so deeply were “subjects of common conversa inoculated with the dreadful virus of tion in Florence!" So a serious and infidelity, and Jacobinism, that nocriminal accusation is preferred against thing which we could say or urge could an able and upright diplomatist, be expected to make the least impresmerely because such was the tittle sion." We do, however, deplore the tattle and gossip of the Bonapartists monstrous perversion of her talents at Florence !! A little farther on too, and industry for which she has to she tells a libellous story, which we answer; and we cannot but feel scorn to repeat, on “the authority of ashamed of her impudent dogmatism, the contemporary testimonies” of a when she faces out the most marked Princess P **** which being inter aberrations from fact. With all the preted, means nobody at all, for the self-satisfied assurance of the most thing is a physical impossibility.-La- complete vanity, she tells us that dy Morgan would persuade us that Hannibal, according to Livy, crossed the Countess of Albany was the wife, the Alps by Mount Cenis, whereas and not the harlot, of Victor Alficri, every boly knows that the Prince of merely because this poetical mad-cap Roman historians has made the Carthought fit, in one of his wild hu thagenian Hero to pass by Mount mours, to honour her with the epi- Genèvre, or the Alpis Cottia.

This thets of la donna mia. The reason of is one of a thousand similar examples, this assertion of a falsehood, which in which the simple and notorious every one knew to be such, was, that truth is sacrificed with a wantonness of this adulteress, on one occasion, deign- dogmatism, that admits of no parallel. ed to converse with Miladi from In her historical prefixes, too, she is her box at the opera, and “ to continually trespassing in the same talk of Alfieri," an honour, which way, and labouring, with a perverted she could not do less than endeavour industry, to accommodate facts to her to repay by a paltry and mendacious own particular opinions. We hope

we have been able to convince her been left precisely as she last occupied that the public are not to be easily them. Her dressing-boxes are on the imposed on, and that there still are to toilette ; a miniature of her nephew, the be found some individuals in this age, little Napoleon, (hung by a ribbon,) dewhatever the laudatores temporis acti corates the chimney-piece ; her dejeune, may say to the contrary, who love on an English tray, stands in the centre

of the room ; and some pretty étrennes good taste, and cherish a regard for (worked and embroidered for her by her truth and virtue, and who, while they ladies a few days before her reverses) are « fear God," are not ashamed to

scattered on a sofa. Niente cangiato,' " honour the King."

said the Cicerone, except this! (and he We think it fair to give an inde. approached her magnificent bed, and pointpendent specimen of Lady Morgan's ed to two large black crucifixes, and a penwork. We shall select the first that dent vase of holy water hung at its head,) presents itself.

—Non è quella una modo Francese.'

On the King and his wife sleeping one “The high road of Portici runs through night at Portici, these sacred images were the old-fashioned paved court of its royal hung up for the occasion. In the dressingpalace— heavy cumbrous fabric, com room, all the necessaries of the toilette, in manding the bay. Though one of the crystal and silver, still remain ; even some most considerable and finely situated of silver brushes lying where the femme-dethe royal villas, it must have been a most chambre of the late fair inhabitant had left gloomy and incommodious one, before the them. It is said, that Madame Murat car. elegant improvements made in it by its ried even to affectation her determination late active, but transitory queen. The of not removing any thing that belonged to old custode, who showed us the apart. her royal state, and took only what she ments, had some difficulty in naming his considered personal and private property. late mistress by the title of Madama Mu. Portici was her favourite residence, and the met, instead of her majesty,' and had evi numerous English and Irish nobility, dently got up a new vocabulary for the whom she received there, can vouch for the Dew (or old) regime. On entering, he ob- courtesy and hospitality with which she did served to us, that the whole of the very the honours of her palace. elegaat vestibule, in which we stood, the “ Murat's apartments join his wife's : broad and double staircase, the spacious they were equally luxurious, splendid, and @rridor, and the beautiful little theatre, commodious ; the hangings all silk and sainto which it opens, were all fatti da tin; the carpets all English and Turkey. Madama Murat. Again, a gallery orna The toilette splendid and recherchée, as mented with superb candelabras, and ac that of the vainest petite maitresse, or royal commodated with elegant ottomans, ex beauty. Close to his superb sleeping-room torted the laconic 'fatto da Mudama Mu. is a simple little cabinet, with a small white rat.' In a word, we found that endless dimity camp-bed, where his secretary slept. suites of apartments, baths, cabinets, book. Here, in this little bed of the ex-secretary, rooms, green-houses, orangeries, &c. &c. sleeps the Royal Bourbon--the legitimate were all either painted, decorated, and fur King of Naples, when he makes his visits nished, or planned and erected · da Ma. to Portici. It is said that he walks about the danc Murat.' Some of the rooms exhi. palace in endless amusement, admiring all bited a very extraordinary degree of taste the elegant finery of which he has become in consulting the genius of the place. 'the master; but still adhering to the little The walls were covered with paintings, co dimity bed, and the secretary's closet, pied from the Pompeii, and the furniture which resembles his own homely bed-room was imitated from objects discovered there, in his palace at Naples. He has added and still preserved in the Musco at Naples. nothing but a large crucifix. The draperies of the richest silk were all " In an old lumber-room of this palace of the Neapolitan loom; for ! Madama all the portraits of the Murat and BonaMurat' made a complete clearing out of parte family are huddled with broken all the old and tawdry furniture of this pa- chairs and mouldering tables; but there is Lace:

: so that, on the return of the royal fa a cicerone to shew them, who expects to be mily, they knew it as little as many other as handsomely remunerated for the exhiobjects of her reformation and improve- bition of the lumber room, as for the mument; and expressed their surprise and seum of Portici, which is attached to the admiration, with a naïveté that still con palace. This museum, so often described, tributes the current coin of anecdote to the and so well worth describing, by those who circulating medium of ridicules in Naples. can do justice to its merits, though now

* The apartments of the Ex-Queen are despoiled of its ancient bronzes, which are models of elegance and feminine taste. to be seen in the Musée Bourbon at NaThe bed-room, dressing-room, boudoir, ples, still contains several hundred paintand library, are eminently so; and have

ings, in Fresco, taken from the ruins of

VOL. IX.

1

Herculaneum, Pompeii, and Stabiş. some medals; hardly had the AntiThough buried for eighteen hundred years, quary opened the trunk which conthe colours of these antique paintings are tained them, when his murderer wonderfully fresh. There was one that threw on his neck a running knot and struck me particularly it was a Sappho; endeavoured to straugle him; not her stylus pressed to her lip, and hier ta. blets lying open before her. It probably the villain pierced him in several

being able to succeed in his purpose, -decorated the cabinet of some learned lady of Pompeii ; for many of the paintings places with a knife: he was imme still remaining on their sites, were evidenta diately seized and executed for his ly appropriate to the rooms they decorat- crime ; but his punishment did not ed.” pp. 339–342, Vol. II.

repair the loss which literature experienced by the death of Winckelman.

The venerable antiquary lived suffiVARIETIES.

ciently long to receive the spiritual

consolations of his church, and to dicUNDER this head we purpose occa- tate his will, by which he named Carsionally to group together such shreds dinal Albani his sole legatee. of knowledge as, though they possess « Winckelman was the son of an an independent interest, do not readily obscure tradesman of Steudal in Branfall under a more general form of clas- denburgh ; by indefatigable exertions sification.

he raised himself to a most conspiWe make the following extracts cuous rank in the study of antiquity : from a book just published, entitled he was member of nearly all the learn“ Recollections of a Classical Toured societies in Europe, and his name through various parts of Greece, Ture will be ever dear to artists.” p. 5. key, and Italy, by Peter Edmund [The author from whom we bave Laurent."

made the above extract describes [En passant, this title is somewhat himself as a mere butterfly among of a misnomer: at least, if we are per- travellers.How justly he has apmitted to collect its meaning from the preciated his own character the foladmirable work of Eustace. We fear lowing extract, which we shall oppose much, that Mr Laurent's acquaint- to another from Dodwell's splendid ance with classical subjects is as cir- and learned work on Greece, will sufcumscribed, as the style of the book ficiently show.] before us is clumsy, and even ungrammatical. In addition to the account of the death of the venerable

Le Chevalier and the Plain of Troy. Winckelman, we shall give a speci " Till the last century, the quesmen of his manner of treating a clas- tion remained undecided as Strabo sical question of some difficulty and had left it; but in the year 1785, Le interest, and of the self-complacent Chevalier discovered a spot in the flippancy with which he has presum- plain, or rather at the foot of Mount ed to make mention of an enthusias- İda, which seemed better to answer tic scholar and intelligent traveller. ] the description of the poet : it was a

hill near the village of Bounar-Bâshi,

which he chose for his Pergamus : Assassination of Winckelman.

the river, which before every traveller It was at Trieste that Winckel- had regarded as the Scamander, was man was assassinated by a villain now proved to be the Simnoeis, and the named Arcangeli. This man had been former Simocis remained without a a cook in the house of the Count of name : much was said concerning the Cataldo at Vienna, and had been con- hot and warm (Qu. cold ?) sources of demned to death for several crimes, the newly found Scamander. Other but had received his pardon : he met travellers, with an imagination less his victim on the road from Vienna heated, visited this spot; they found to Rome, and gained his confidence the distance from Bounar-Bâshi to the by affecting to have a great love for Hellespont too great; they discovered the Fine Arts. Winckelman was oc that the sources of the new Scamapcupied in a room of his inn writing der, instead of being one warın, and some notes for a new edition of his the other cold, were both warm : History of Art, when Arcangeli in- many difficulties were raised against terrupted him by asking him to see the system of Le Chevalier, and re

butted with warmth by his friends. have either copied the ideas of Le Two parties immediately divided the Chevalier, or, if they have differed elassic world; one contended for the from him, they have committed ertruth of the minute, and often fanci rors, or fabricated systems which canful details of Le Chevalier ; . while not be upheld." Dodwell's Classical others denied the truth of many of the and Topographical Tour through most important faets brought forward Greece. Preface, p. 9. Note. by that geographist. Both parties were violent, and, as generally hap

King Richard I). pens in such cases, equivocation took the place of truth, passion that of ar When newes was brought unto gument.

King Richard the Second, that his To conciliate the two parties is a unkles of Yorke and Gloucestor, the task which I have neither the wish Earles of Arundell, Warwicke, Darnor the talent to perform. I have too by, and Nottingham, with others of often experienced, that when once dis that faction, who sought to reforme cord has reared her head in religion,

the misorders of the King, or rather in politics, or literature, argument is of his wicked counsellors, were asthe last instrument to which resort sembled in a woode neere unto the must be had to check its influence; court; after hee had asked other mens' blustering ignorance (this is quite opinions, what was to be done in so unique and perfect of its kind !) ge weightie and doubtful a case; at length Berally crushes one of the factions,

he merrily demaunded of one Sir Hugh and the tyranny of the other necesó a Linne, who had beene a good milisarily ensures a temporary quiet ! tarie man in his dayes, but was then When I visited the plain of Ilium, I somewhat distraught of his wittes, had heard but little of the dispute in

what he would advise him to doe. question. I knew, indeed, that some “Issue out, (quoth Sir Hugh,) and persons had endeavoured to prove the let us set uppon them, and slay them Trojan war a fable; but I rejected every mother's sonne; and, by God's the idea, as a Christian does that of eyes, when thou hast so done, thou infidelity, from which, in future life,

has killed all the faithfull friendes be guesses much harm may perhaps

that thou hast in England." accrue, while, with certainty, he knows that no bad effects can ensue from his

A TALE, adhering to the tenets of his ancestors.” pp. 45, 46.

(By the late Dr John Leyden.) [The following is Mr Dodwell's

An English lugger once, as stories say, opinion of the

GEOGRAPHIST.") Held o'er the yeasty waves her pathless "Mons. Le Chevalier is author of way, the learned works, entitled, Voyage

Cleaving the dark green deep with benddans la Troade,' 3 vols. in 8vo, with

ing keel,

While all the sailors cried, with tuneless an atlas, and Voyage de la Propon

threats, tide, et du Pont Euxine,' 2 vols. in

“ God bless the noble Betsy! how she Svo, with maps. It is to this cele

floats! brated traveller that the world is in See how she skims the ocean like a seal !" debted for settling, in a clear and unequivocal manner, the long contro While thus, with flying sails, and conscious Tersy about the position of Troy, and pride, its memorable plain. The author of Remote from land they o'er the waters the present tour visited the Troade,

glide ; with the Iliad of Homer, and the

The rising blasts were heard to whisper Travels of Le Chevalier, as his only

shrill, guides; and he can, with other tra

The roaring deep began to heave and swell, vellers who have been upon the spot,

And soon the billows o'er the Betsy fell, (was Mr Laurent ever actually

Each like a vast stupendous foamy hill. the spot ?") bear testimony to the Then was there nought but pulling, swearscrupulous accuracy of the work; and ing, hawling, it is certain, that those who have Unfurling, cursing, praying, storming, since written upon the same subject, bawling,

on

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