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your contributors, at the house of an moral nature and obligations? let old young lady, who affects the fa- him set out with a “ I do not know shionable oddity of a blue stocking. whether there is in man a greater O what a meeting ! our very faces had propensity to good or evil, but of one in their variety the chequered appear. thing I am certain, that sometimes he ance of “ your excellent Miscellany,” falls into the former, and sometimes to use the words of niany a celebrate is guilty of the latter;" or, “ The naed author. There was Philologo- ture of man is in itself so complicated, matheticos with a two-sheet-and-a- and, owing to circumstances, makes half essay, praising brevity of speech, its appearance in so many different inscribed along the longitude of his lights, that it is next to impossible to philosophical face; there was Simeon know any thing about it at all. I shall, Šimkin, with a reading-made-easy however, give a full explanation of sort of style, discoverable in certain the matter," &c. There is a taking dimples on his round cheeks; there modesty about this; but having thus was Languino “ with a woful ballad set pen to paper, let him, like John made to his mistress' eyebrow," and Bunyan, beware a thousand sonnets to sun, moon, and
Lest thoughts should breed so fast stars, in his rolling eye, (all in his eye, As prove ad infinitum at the last. you'll observe ;) there were Farrago, Is Dromio desirous of opening up and Nullo, and Nemo, and the whole the treasures of his comic vein, but range of the alphabet, with various hesitating as the manner of first combinations, from A to Z, from Al- breaking the ground ? let mine host pha to Omega: but what I beg your of the Green Lion enter, bawling in particular attention to is, that all vain to arouse his lazy myrmidons. these gentlemen very modestly con Does Buskin feel inclined to treat fessed, that they had great store of your readers with a morsel of tragegood things in their heads, if they dy ? let fear and awe fall from the could only get them to come out, of; lips of a moderate number of monks, what is the same thing, if they could whose faces whiten in the foreground, find a way of introducing them. Now, while the heavens are represented as what can be easier for you than to blackening in the back; otherwise, let write a hundred or two of these in the steward Butto and the menial troductions, fold them up, and title Servio be discovered over a flagon of them like law papers, placing them wine, or a bowl of punch, discussing according to their nature in different with great prudence and sagacity the compartments of your bureau, as did affairs of their mysterious master a famous advocate of old, named M. Mantric, and his divine daughter the Tullius Cicero, Esq. who, I am per- angelic Angelica. As for that ramsuaded, conducted one of the prin- bling hair-brained fellow Pasquine, cipal reviews of his time? so that, when he writes any thing, no other when any of us felt at a loss for an introduction is necessary than his introduction to some notions of im- own impudence. Would any lover portance, which your contributors of the ancient ballad lead your readhave in great abundance, we might ers to the subjects of an exploded but apply to our literary sovereign, sure highly interesting credulity? he might of obtaining one to fit. The advanta
commence with something like the ges of such a plan are so manifest, following: that it would be a useless parade of argument to reason any more upon ļ zeid ane faerie on ye grene, the subject. I shall, therefore, 'be
Whilk was ane beauteous sighte, satisfied with humbly offering the be- Brighte and blue was her glauncyng eyne,
And her fete thaie daunced sae lighte. ginnings of a few original introductions, which you may amend and am And aye as scho whiskit round and round, plify at your leisure, for the afore
Scho sang ane eirie sang, mentioned excellent purpose,
Nae manne mot heare that wildynge sound,
And duelle wi' ye livynge lang, . And now to metaphysics_grant we the foremost place. Does Profundus and so forth. But of all writers, wish to plunge into the abyss of man's writers of tales stand most in need of
introductions. The carriage has so Celebrated in the page devoted to an often broken down at the cottage door, swers to Correspondents.
-the wounded knight has so often
been carried from the Black Forest to in the compahy of a very intelligent the Gray Castle,--the horrors of the personage, who will easily understand darkest night in the gloomy month of all he has to say, and he feels hijnself November, when the rain fell in tor- constrained to proceed, when lo, and rents, when the wind howled with behold! tremendous blasts, when the cries of the foundling were heard faintly in Essay or poem, tale or legend wild,
Forth springeth from these words the pauses of the storm,—these acci
Or th endless host of thoughts allied to dents, and these horrors, I say, have so often recurred, that no respectable In varied yet unbroken consequence ;
mirth, tale is willing to be ushered in by As fate, or chance, or talent shall decide. such forerunners. If Narro, then, will delight us with his tales, alas, too
OLD MULBERRY. true, let him be original in his introductions, let him begin with some reflection of his own, which shall be illustrated by the facts he has to re
Θεηγορός έςαι Προφήτης: άγγελός late ; and let him become acquainted
έσσομενων. . with these facts in a natural way, not through the medium of some tobacco The uniformity of the laws of napaper, or some mouldy manuscript, ture, taken in conjunction with that found in the garret of a starved and faculty of the human mind, which solitary author, a hundred years after may be called the power of induction, his death, which, notwithstanding its or generalisation, naturally conducts being torn and illegible in a thousand to the discovery of rules or laws. places, is always as full in its infor. The correct application of these rules mation as any production of the pre- or laws is, accordingly, the attribute sent day, which regularly begins at of minds endowed with a turn for the beginning, and ends at the end. philosophising, and is at once the These shifts won't do now-a-days; great benefit that accrues to men from we are too well informed to be taken the extension of science, and the in so.
A friend of mine, who puts powerful engine by which knowledge great faith in these introductions, and
is rendered subsidiary to the increase who, for seven and twenty years, has of human power.
But what is ap. picked up and examined every piece propriately denominated science, with of paper he could find, as religiously regard to subjects of physical inquiry, as ever a Turk did, * candidly con assumes the name of experience, with fesses, that the papers which inclosed reference to human actions, and hu. his butter, snuff, &c. were always man affairs. In science, and in the grocers' old bills, scrawled after a most affairs of life, the mental operation is horrible fashion; and though he has the same, however different the rescrupulously inspected a vast number sults. In both cases, a general law is of garrets, he has never been so for- traced through an immense complexity tunate as to find even one of these and aggregation of individual facts, venerable MSS.
though the degree of certainty which In fine, I would recommend to all will belong to the future synthetical writers for magazines, a plan of be application of the rule, will solely deginning equally universal and easy. pend on the intrinsic attributes of the No subject in the whole range of individual facts that have been the man's knowledge or imagination can subject of our examination in the elabe so uncommon as not to follow, with boration of the rule, or law. In scipropriety, this wonderful introduc- ence, our conclusions are certain, betion; and it is contained in two words, cause the properties of the subjects of viz." Mr Editor.” There is no fear investigation are either immutable, of a man who has any brains after he or vary within certain limits. In comhas got this length; he finds himself mon life, on the other hand, the vo
litions of men are perpetually vacil* The Turks secure every piece of pa- lating, and accidents and events are per they can meet with, believing that these constantly occurring to affect the confragments will arrange themselves beneath clusions of the inductive faculty, and their feet, when they have to pass the bridge to direct the current of human actions of red-hot iron.
and opinions into new channels. Yet,
after making every proper allowance minds, elevated above the baser and for this admitted peculiarity, in the more earthly weaknesses of common latter instance, there can be no ques- men; how shall this power be recogtion, that the course of human affairs nised in a short-sighted mortal, inciexhibits, at the long run, general dent to the errors and imperfections laws; and hence we are enabled to of his fellow-men,--and amidst the account for the almost prophetic fore- clouds of ignorance, superstition, and sight which men of profound learn- imposture, that successively obscure, ing, extensive observation, and pene- and lord it over the human mind ?trating sagacity, have sometimes dis- Upon this question hangs the whole played, in their premonitory intima- matter under consideration. And tions relative to events as yet unde- here I remark, that the three criteria livered from the womb of Time. above specified seem to me to deter
From all this, then, it follows, that mine the quality of a prophecy abProphecy, and that degree of foresight stractedly considered ; but to bestow with respect to future events which on it a present and immediate effect, is referable to human sagacity, must it must be attended (1.) with a direct be totally and essentially different. exhibition of the concomitant operaThe following criteria seem to deter- tion of Divine power; and (2.) with mine what is meant by a true and the positive prediction of proximate, actual prediction. 1. The event fore- but unexpected events with a mitold must extend to a period too re nuteness, precision, and detail, which mote, or be of a complexion too ano no degree of human sagacity could malous and unique to admit the sup- admit, and which, being fullilled in posed intervention of a sagacious divi- the lifetime of the prophet, may found nation from past experience, or from a substantial claim to credibility, in the tenor of events presently passing regard to those predictions which look in the world. 2. Prophecy must en forward into the shadows and darkter into minute details, draw distinct ness of a long futurity. A prophet pictures, impress peculiar features, would be a comparatively useless miand give a distinct and easily-knowe nister of religion were his predictions able individuality to the future oc- disregarded, contemned, or forgotten currences and personages which it in his lifetime. Prophecy was generundertakes to describe. 3. To carry ally intended to serve an immediate with them a necessary, and profitable as well as a remote purpose. The authority, the enunciations of the Pro- greater part of the sacred writings of phet must be attended by the visible the Jews consist of the records of manifestations of the Prophet's God. prophecy, which foretold the advent
To pry into futurity is a funda- of an era of light and emancipation, mental tendency in the mind of man, when a purer faith, and the principles is at once indicative of his ignorance, of a more propitious and comprehenand of the cravings of his nature for sive religious toleration should be disbrighter illumination and deeper seminated in the world: but these knowledge, and has, in all nations and were uniformly conjoined with some times, proved the fruitful parent of strong injunctions, and admonitions, those ridiculous and fantastical super as to present conduct. Farther, we stitions, which have so frequently ena- have only to look into these prophecies bled the crafty few to enslave at once to be satisfied of the truth of the prethe bodies and the spirits of the igno. ceding remarks. Miracles were perforrant and credulous many. Yet, to med by Moses, Elijah, Daniel, &c. and foretell, with accuracy and minute predictions of approaching, but unexness, events yet unborn seems to be a pected, events were delivered by all. godlike quality. Prescience is the un- of this we have memorable examples participated attribute of Deity. He in Elijah's prediction that it should alone sees into futurity, and re alone not rain for three years and six months; can, therefore, communicate the power of Daniel's interpretation of the handto foretell what it is not given to the writing on the wall, and of Nebu. spirit of man, in its present condition, chadnezzar's dream; and above all, to know. But, here, the question re of our Saviour's prediction of the turns ; supposing the gift of prophecy, sacking of Jerusalem, and the horrors for special purposes, to be communi and atrocities with which it would be cated to certain lofty and superior attended an event which at the time
AN ESSAY ON FRENCH
of the prophecy was most improbable, and political manners and institutions and which, from its proximity, must of Great Britain now differ from those have been considered as decisive of of the Siamese or Otaheitans. We his character and his mission.
cannot form distinct conceptions of And here it ought to be remarked, either, because the points of coincias a general corollary from what has dence and association are comparativebeen advanced, that prophecy exercises ly few. What may, therefore, be a a double function; it sustains the very correct description of the future faith of those to whom it is immedi- state of the world, and of the indivi. ately addressed, and of those that fol- duals destined to act a conspicuous low after them under the same sys- part in the mighty drama of humanitem ; and it lays the foundation for ty, may not be very intelligible to the creed of those born to witness its those who live ages before the period accomplishment. It must therefore to which these descriptions and prebe in the first instance believed, for dictions directly and specially apply. one or other, or both, of the reasons It is enough if it be proved by infalalready assigned, viz. the working of lible historical evidence that the premiracles, or the prediction of proxi- diction forerąn the event by centuries, mate events; and while its truih re and that no man could possibly misceives in its fulfilment its last and take or misunderstand it when the appropriate vindication, it must be era of fulfilment arrived.--I am, &c. seen not only to derive its existence
A FREETHINKER. from God, but to have proceeded for a particular purpose. No prophecy was ever uttered merely to astonish or amaze, but to serve a useful end. This SKETCHES OF MANNERS, SCENERY, is applicable to every prophecy con
&c. IN THE FRENCH PROVINCES, tained within the two sides of the SWITZERLAND, AND ITALY, WITH Bible. If then all these requisites be
LITERAcongregated in one group of authentication, THE PROPHECY IS TRUE. With respect to the majority of the
The lamented author of the volume Jewish prophecies little neeel be said. whose title we have just copied, be Every mind must be struck to find in
came first known to the literary world them a constant and beautiful accom- by his Paris Visited and Revisited, modation to one great and mighty oba works of great power and auspicious ject, a striking convergence to one
promise, and which at once raised glorious point of consummation—the
him to a high place among men of tapreparation of mens' understandings lent and genius. He seemed gifted and hearts for a cordial reception of by nature with a vigorous fancy, and that incarnate God who brought life strong conception, and although the and immortality to light by his gos- purity of his taste and style might pel . Take the event and the prophe with which we delighted to sympa
sometimes be questioned, a spirit cy, compare them together, allow for the distance of time that intervened thise, breathed throughout his writbetween these two extreme points of ings, while the soundness of his the series, ascribe to human sagacity judgment, and the purity of his prinas much as you possibly can, resist all ciples, stamped a peculiar value on belief in superior agency as long as
all his compositions. Mr Scott was you can, refuse every proof that is obviously a man of an ardent and ori
His ideas of honour short of demonstration ; do all this, ginal mind. and yet say, if you can, that the mar
were as lofty as his love of virtue was vellous coincidence above alluded to innate and habitual. But while his is either accidental or imaginary ?
talents commanded the admiration, It has been said that prophecy is
the qualities of his heart were fitted obscure. So is a book of 'travels that to secure the affections of his friends; describes the manners, customs, and and no man ever had fairer prospects institutions, of a country wholly dif- of rising to distinction in the world, ferent from our own. The state of the world, 500 or 1000 years hence,
By the late John Scott, Esq. author will, in all likelihood, be as dissimilar of the Visit to Paris, &c. London, Longto its present condition, as the civil man and Co. 1821.
when these were at once blasted for constitutes par excellence poetical exever in the cruelest and most unlooked- pression, and developes, with singular for manner. The public have already ingenuity and effect, the influence of made up their minds as to the nature recent events on the morals, taste, and of the transactions which led to his literature, of the French nation. The extermination, and we have no wish chief fault of this essay appears to be to fret those sores which are yet re too great expansion. "We find the cent, and must still, we fear, rankle same idea recurring again and again and fester in hopeless and incurable in a new dress and attitude, and are malignity. But when we say, obliged to listen to illustration crowd
ed on illustration, after our conviction MULTIS ille Bonis flebilis occidit,
was complete. This is the natural we hazard an assertion which we sus error of a mind and imagination unpect there is hardly one man breath- usually active, and overflowing with ing disposed, or at least competent to an exuberant redundancy of thoughts deny; and we would indulge the flate and images. But we must proceed to tering hope that a death which we give our readers a few specimens of join with every right-thinking man in the interesting volume before us, bewailing, may not prove valueless which we would earnestly recommend in as far as regards the moral dignity to their attention on two accounts: and purity of our national literature. first, for its own intrinsic merits ;
The first part of this volume only and secondly, with reference to the and the Essay on French Literature, future comfort of the remaining and which was, in substance, published afflicted branches of the author's faiu a review,” are all that the author mily. appears to have prepared for the press. The following passage displays, in The spirit that pervades the whole, full perfection, the comforts of a bowever, is admirable. His account of French Inn. the provinces of Normandy and Bre “ As they conducted us up two stairs of tagne supplies a great desideratum in this large and externally magnificent build. travelling literature; his remarks on ing, we found every step besmeared with the traces which he discovered, and gross pastiness, and we were introduced the effects which he saw exemplified through a dark passage, and one of their of the French Revolution, coming as
own bed-rooms, into the apartments allotthey do from a Whig, and a man of those of the two bed-rooms, were stained
ted for us. Their walls, and particularly liberal principles, must carry, great all over with spitting. This, however inweight with the moderate of all pare credible it may appear, is a common practies; and his Sketches of Scenery on tice in France. The back of every bed, the banks of the Loire are at once even in the first rate hotels of Paris, gives original and interesting ; disclosing this beastly evidence to the coarse manto us in lively pictures, and fine ners of its occupants. In fact, a French. descriptions, a scene generally un man seems to consider spitting a gratificatravelled by our “ambulating" coun
tion, and its frequency an accomplishtrymen, and manifesting a power
ment. He always makes a display of it; of imagination, and a warm feeling and he spits against his wall as readily as for natural beauty, which, compared quite removed from all communication with the galimatias of other “ yoya- with those who were to attend on geurs," are quite attractive and re
There were no bells to be found in them : freshing. He seems, however, to have the yard below was large, and our disseen little of Switzerland beyond tance from it great. We loudly objected Lausanne and Geneva, and his notes to our situation, and requested to know on Italy are nothing more than re how we should contrive to convey intimaminiscences in aid of his own recollec- tion of our wants to those who were to tion. As such, therefore, they claim supply them. The dirtiest of the waiters an exemption from criticism. The had every thing to say for the place. There Essay on French Literature is very
was a superb salle below : the chambers cleverly, if not profoundly, written.
were bien propres, and our wishes would in The author appreciates, with much
every case be anticipated ; but in case, by precision and taste, the force of na
any accident, it should happen that Mon
sieur might have occasion to demand any tional character on national literature, thing, he would have the honour to shew displays very convincingly the po- Monsieur how to signify his pleasure. He verty of the French language in what accordingly led me out, with an air of self