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O sad and heavy's the sorrow,
Wha will dandle my Mary, &c. Besides the little interesting his- loch of that name. Without even the tory attached to this beautiful air in formality of a trial, the unfortunate Captain Fraser's Melodies, there is young man was condemned to be sent another anecdote connected with it, to the wilds of America.
During his which, though equally interestingconfinement in the castle, his wife and appears not to have been known to their infant child, Mary, were perthat gentleman, unless, indeed, it be to mitted to come several times to visit it that he alludes in his note on this him, and his great delight was to sit air.
and “ dandle” his poor little Mary. In one of the wildest of the Highland To sum up the sad story, the wife, districts of Perthshire, and at a time a few days before her husband was when chieftainship was in the pleni- sent away, died literally of a brotude of its power, a fine young High- ken heart ;-and the foregoing verlander, from another district, and who ses were supposed, according to the had only been married about eighteen tradition of the country, still
current months before, was found traversing in the district of Loch Dochart, to the hills in quest of deer. He had have been written by the husband on killed one, when a party of the Clans the night previous to his being sent men of the Chief came upon him, off to America. He was not allowed seized him, and, according to the cus, to take his infant with him, and it is toms of the times, immured him in to that circumstance that he alludes in the dungeon of the Castle of Loch the beginning of the Lament. Dochart, situated in the middle of the
VERSES BY THE LATE DR CHARLES BURNEY,
Dupe of the eye, and passion's slave,
Or e'en with animation blest,
Yet still a knave his soul abhors,
Suspicion ne'er corrodes his mind,
Never to lose an honest friend,
And, till he feels the tyrant's dart,
pp. 324, 325.
REMARKS ON DR CHALMERS'S CHRIS character and talent of a productive la
CIVIC ECONOMY OF bourer ? They are not his scholarship, LARGE TOWNS. No. 8.
and not his critical sagacity of discernment This number of “ The Christian his searching or satirical insight among
into the obscurities of Scripture, and not and Civic Economy," which concludes the mysteries of the human constitution. a volume of 358 pages, is entitled With these he may be helped to estimate “ On Sabbath Schools.” But two- the Christianity that has been formed, and thirds of the pamphlet are taken to lop off its unseemly excrescences; but up with a piece of special pleading with these alone we never shall positively respecting the necessity of eccle- rear, on the foundation of nature, the edisiastics being men of learning as
fice itself. This requires another set of well as piety. The truth is, that Dr qualifications which may or may not exist Chalmers has printed here the
greater along with that artificial learning to which, part of the speech which he deliver ready rendered by us, and qualifications
we trust, an adequate homage has been al. ed in the last General Assembly of which, whether they are found among enthe Church of Scotland in support of dowed or unendowed men, ought to be en the overture from the Presbytery of listed on the side of Christianity. They Glasgow, for the more regular at may exist apart from science, and they tendance of Students of Divinity at may most usefully and productively be exthe respective Halls at which they are erted apart from science. The possessors enrolled. This speech, as will be re of them are abundantly to be found in the collected by all who heard it, or who private or humble walks of society, and afterwards read the report of it in the may be the powerful instruments of propanewspapers, had but a remote, if any, gating their own moral and spiritual likereference to Sabbath schools, or to
ness, among their respective vicinities." the teachers of such schools. And while, in the pamphlet before us, we Dr Chalmers then takes up the obwere reading about the advantages of jection against Sabbath schools, from making provision for the learning as the alledged malignant influence they well as for the subsistence of a re exert on family religion ; and he angulur clergy, about the respective swers it in this way. endowments of Bishop Horsley and “ Now, it ought to be remembered, that President Edwards, and about the to come in place of a better system is one impression of a seal, and bodily and thing, and to displace that system is anospiritual inoculation, and so forth, ther. Is it possible for any man, at all acwe could not help asking ourselves, quainted with the chronology of Sabbath what has all this to do with Sabbath schools, to affirm that they are the instru. Schools ?
ments of having overthrown the family reWeafterwards found, however, that ligion of Scotland ? Have they operated the use which the Doctor wishes to
as so many ruthless invaders, on what, at
the time of their entrance, was a beauteous make of his reasonings and illustra
moral domain, and swept away from it all tions, in this part of his work, is, that
that was affecting or graceful in the obser. though learning be necessary to ena vations of our forefathers? Whether did ble men to judge of the genuineness they desolate the territory, or have they of Christianity, and to defend it a only made their lodgment on what was gainst the attacks of infidels, it is not already a scene of desolation ? The truth necessary to its influence upon the is, that for many years previous to the exbeart and the life; and, therefore, tension of this system, a woful degeneracy as pious, though unlearned Christians, was going on in the religious habit and may be instrumental in producing character of our country that, from the Christianity in others, so their labours
wanton outrages inflicted by unrelenting for the accomplishment of that end patronage on the taste and demand of pashould not be discouraged ; in other rishes, the religious spirit, once so charac
teristic of our nation, has long been rapidly words, they should be employed as teachers of Sabbath schools.
subsiding--that, more particularly in our
great towns, the population have so out“ We, therefore, do wrong," says the grown the old ecclesiastical system, as to Doctor, “ in laying such a weight of dis have accumulated there into so many mascouragement on the labourers who produce, ses of practical heathenism :-and now the and throwing the mantle of our protection state of the alternative is not, whether the and kindness only over the labourers who ' rising generation shall be trained to Chrispruine. And what, it may be asked, are tianity in schools, or trained to it under the the ingredients of mightiest effect, in the roof of their fathers; but whether they
shall be trained to it in schools, or not be far more effectually obtained withtrained to it at all. It is whether a pro out the intervention of Sabbath cess of deterioration, which originated more schools. To obtain it we have only than half a century ago, and has been ra- to apply the system, which, for that pid and resistless in its various tendencies end, the wisdom of our ancestors arcarry our people still more downward in ranged, employed, and handed down the scale of moral blindness and depravity; to their posterity, and which the
exor whether the only remaining expedient perience of ages has proved to be a for arresting it shall be put into operation. system of great efficiency for the proWere it as easy a task to prevail on an ir. motion of knowledge, piety, and virreligious parent to set up the worship and tue. In this country every parent is the instruction of religion, in his family, as bound by the most solemn engageto get his consent, and prevail upon his ments to impart to his offspring a children, to attend the ministrations of a knowledge of that religion which he Sabbath school, there might then be some professes to believe; and every parish appearance of room for all the obloquy that minister is bound to see that parents as the
matter stands, in many a city and do their duty in this respect. Dr in many a parish, the Christian philanthro- Chalmers cannot but know, that the pist is shut up to an effort upon the young,
establishment of parochial schools as his last chance for the moral regenera- resulted from the superintendence tion of our country. In despair (and it is which the clergy exercised over the a deepair warranted by all experience) of religious education of the younger operating, with extensive effect, on the con. members of their congregations ; nor firmed habit and obstinacy of manhood, he can he be ignorant that the instrucarrests the human plant, at an earlier and tions of parents, whenever convenient, more susceptible stage, and puts forth the but especially on the Sabbath, of only hand that ever would have offered for parochial or other regularly appointthe culture and the training of this younged teachers on week days, and of immortal. In the great majority of in. stances, he does not withdraw his pupils, ministers in the course of their vie for a single moment, from any Christian sitations and examinations, and be influence that would have descended upon
fore the admission of young pera them in another quarter, but showers upon sous to the Lord's Supper, until their heads and their hearts the only Chris- about the time of the French Retian influence they ever are exposed to.volution, constituted the whole sysHe is, in fact, building up again that very tem of means in use for the infor system, with the destruction of which he mation, and the religious and moral has been charged, and rearing many young, improvement of the young. For the who, but for him, would have been the method in which, under this system, still more corrupt descendants of a corrupt parentage, to be the religious guides and family religion was conducted, and examples of a future generation.”
parental instruction imparted, we canpp. 341-343. not refer to a more faithful descrip
tion than Burns's “ Cottar's SaturThe ideas expressed in this pas- day Night;" nor for the happy efsage are extended over several pages fects which it produced, than to the more, and exhibited in a variety of character of Scotsmen for intelligence, different aspects. The Doctor con- piety, and integrity. We believe that cludes with an exhortation to the the same system is still pretty geneMethodists to persevere in their la- rally at work, with the happiest effects, bours.
throughout the country; and we Such is a general account of the know, that in many places it is still last published part of “ The Chris- exclusively employed with its primitian and Civic Economy of Large tive salutary influence on both the old Towns.” But we have the misfor- and the young. tune to differ from the Doctor in al Such, however, is our love of nomost every one of the positions which velty, that when Messrs Rowland he so zealously advocates. With re- Hill, Bogue, and other dissenters from gard to the advantages of a religious England, first visited Scotland on education, both in a particular and a preaching expeditions ; when Messrs general point of view, we are perfect- Ewing and Innes deserted their char. ly aware there can be but one opi- ges in the church, to unite with the nion. But we think, that in our Messrs Haldane in forming a new recountry this incalculable benefit may ligious sect in Scotland ; and when
self-conceited, and wrong-headed tem is not merely because we have young men, issuing from the loom, already one far better and more effiand the stall, itinerated through the cent, but on account of its liability to country as preachers; though no par- abuse. Dr Chalmers has said a great ticular fault was found with the old deal about pious people producing system, yet a wonderful revival of re their own likeness on the neighbourligion was deemed to have taken place, hood where they live, by becoming
the and a total revolution of the Church religious instructors of its youth. But of Scotland supposed to be at hand. is not genuine piety of an humble and The strangers from England, the de- retired character, not apt to conceive serters from our National Church, itself fitted or called upon to take an and the untaught itinerants, were fol extensive management of the educalowed by vast multitudes. Congre- tion of others? And are not fanaticism gations were organized, tabernacles and hypocrisy forward and designing? pitched, Sabbath schools instituted, Would not a good man most effectuand libraries formed in almost all the ally and most surely“ produce his own towns and villages of the country. likeness,” to use the Doctor's phrase, by This, indeed, like other popular fe- imitating the example of other good vers, was but of short duration. The men set before him in the Scripturespublic curiosity was soon satisfied: by commanding, like Abraham, “his the leaders of the new sect quarrelled children and his household after him, about the management of their tem- that they shall keep the way of the poral affairs, and began to differ in Lord, and do justice and judgment," opinion about doctrines and modes of -and, like the psalmist, by behaving worship; so that their congregations himself wisely, walking within his diminished daily, and they themselves house with a perfect heart, and by ultimately separated. But it was seeking the faithful of the land to from this new order of things that dwell with him, as his servants ? * the Sabbath school system resulted, But we go farther, and assert that which has since become so general these schools exert an influence, directthroughout Scotland. Now, our ob- ly and positively pernicious. Parents jection to the Sabbath school system who are careless, indifferent, and lukeis, not so much that it is a bad one, warm, are thereby exonerated from the as that it tends to supersede a system discharge of one of the most imperative, of approved excellence, the influence and at the same time delightful, of a of which had been long diffused parent's duties, namely,communicating through the cottages of the peasantry, to his offspring a knowledge of thegreat and mingled with all the feelings and fundamental truths of the gospel. and principles which went to form It will perhaps be said that the parent the national character. And as this is ignorant: granted; but how far is he is not only an excellent system, but surpassed in knowledge by the selffully adequate for the purposes of constituted teacher? He may be igreligious instruction, we would rather norant, but without some stimulus to revive and extend it as circumstances exertion, he will never acquire a knowmay require, than substitute another ledge of his Bible. It is the great in its place. For this end, our cler- characteristic of the system, which we gy, in their respective parishes, have contend for, that the parent, while he only regularly to visit and examine is catechising his child, is instructtheir people, and to exhort heads of ing himself, and thus giving religion, families to do their duty, as the in- if we may so speak, a double chance structors and guardians of their chil- of success. Is it good that he should dren and servants. And, notwith- be furnished with a pretext for nestanding all that has been alledged to glecting his duty? The Sabbath day the contrary, we are disposed to be- ought specially to be devoted to this lieve that these duties have been, in purpose : how will the parent, in all general, conscientiously performed. probability, spend the Sabbath, when In those cases where neglect can be the arts of the popularity-hunting detected, or where the means are ob- Methodist have succeeded in attractviously too limited, a remedy of sure ing his children to the Sunday School? and certain application is at hand. Any man who has eyes to see withal,
But our objection to this general introduction of the Sabbath School sys
. Gen. 18-19, and Psalm 101.
and who has ever passed an ale-house tion recommended to our attention by on a Sunday evening, will, in the cla. the example of our pious ancestors mour and vociferation by which his and by the word of God. ears will be stunned, be admonished of the consequence of relieving parents
SOME HINTS CONCERNING INTROfrom those sacred duties which God and Nature have equally imposed on
DUCTIONS, BY OID MULBERRY. them.
MR EDITOR, Besides, the men who deem them.
In a paper entitled " On the Dry selves qualified to teach Sabbath Rot in Brains," which I met with in Schools are frequently far from being some Magazine lately, I'observed it disposed to submit themselves to the stated, among other things, that the direction of the minister in whose pa want of original and spirited matter is rish they exercise their assumed vo- owing to what the author has been cation. It is now a considerable num- pleased to designate “this prevalent ber of years since Dr M‘Gill of Glas- distemper.” But I am of a very difgow complained in the General As- ferent opinion, and by a little reflecsembly of the Church, of some person tion I have been convinced, that, who taught a Sabbath School. with when this scarcity occurs, it proceeds shut doors during the time of Divine from a less material and irremediable service. We surely need not inform cause, namely, the difficulty of find
Or Chalmers, that the Methodists of ing a way of introducing those numEngland, whom he praises and en berless ideas which constantly float courages so much, make it a common about in our crania, like the atoms of practice to teach a large proportion of an atheist's universe, arranging themtheir schools during the regular hours selves intoessays, poems, romances, and of worship; and that reading, writ- sometimes, alas ! into air-built castles. ing, and arithmetic, are at least as That we are not inferior to those much the order of the day as religion. who have gone before us in originaliTo say nothing of what may occur in ty of conception, and the wealth of going to and returning from the schools, our mental possessions, is evident, I and of the association of the good and think, from the profusion of thought, the bad once a week for a few hours; aye, and new thought, which we meet is there no danger of the emulation with in familiar conversation, where which is excited rising to vanity or the constraint and formality of aupride on the one hand, and sinking thorship are laid aside ; and that we to envy on the other? In England, want only a variety of introductions whence we borrowed the system, dis- for various occasions, in order to give play is carried the length of an anx our thoughts a tangible shape, may iously got up exhibition. It is quite be proved by the evidence of those customary there to have an annual good things, which burst forth withsermon, with an extraordinary collec- out waiting for any introduction at tion for the benefit of the schools. A all, or which come lagging after what popular preacher is brought from a the plain-thinking people in our own great distance, professional musicians critical town call “ a heap o' out o' are hired, and wealthy people are in the way phrasin'." vited from all quarters to come to the Now, Mr Editor, the application entertainment, with the expectation of this lies nearer home than perhaps that they will contribute freely to the you are aware of. You are supposed support of the establishment.
to be a new Editor, and it is expectWe had a great deal more to say ed that a new impulse will be given on this subject, but we must de- to a Magazine whose long-standing sist for the present with remark- had given it some of the wrinkles, ing, that the old system of religious with all the authority of age. And, instruction in Scotland, with a very doubtless, a freshness and sudden vifew exceptions, is applicable to great gour willre-appearin all its parts, if you towns, and is greatly preferable to will condescend from your editorial that which, within these few years, greatness for a moment, and listen to has threatened to take its place; and the whispers of an humble contributhat it is the imperative duty of pa- tor. rents, of guardians, of masters, and of By one of those strange accidents, ministers, not only to revive, but to which happen once in a century, I extend, that mode of religious educa- lately fell in with the majority of