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minus” prefixed to it. Unable to give utterance to turn. The largest of these vessels had been built the usual answer “adsum,” he stood silent amid for him at some seaport on the eastern coast, and, the general stare of his school-fellows, and, at last, being conveyed on wheels over the Forest to Newburst into tears.

stead, was supposed to have fulfilled one of the The cloud which, to a certain degree undeserv- prophecies of Mother Shipton, which declared that edly, his unfortunale affray with Mr. Chaworth had “when a ship laden with ling should cross over thrown upon the character of the fifth Lord Byron, Sherwood Forest, the Newstead Estate would pass was deepened and confirmed by what it, in a great from the Byron family.” In Nottinghamshire, measure, produced,—the eccentric and unsocial “ling” is the term used for heather; and, in order course of life to which he afterwards betook him to bear out Mother Shipton and spite the old Lord, self. During his latter years, the only companions the country people, it is said, ran along by the side of his solitude - besides that colony of crickets of the vessel, heaping it with heather all the way. which he is said to have amused himself with rear- This eccentric peer, it is evident, cared but little

in and feeding (1) — were old Murray, afterwards about the fate of his descendants. With his young the favourite servant of his successor, and a female heir in Scotland he held no communication whatdomestic, who, from the station she was suspected ever; and if at any time he happened to mention of being promoted to by her noble master, received him, which but rarely occurred, it was never under generally through the neighbourhood the appella- any other designation than that of “the little boy tion of Lady Betty.”

who lives at Aberdeen." Though living in this sordid and solitary style, On the death of his grand-uncle, Lord Byron he was frequently much distressed for money; and having become a ward of Chancery, the Earl of one of the most serious of the injuries inflicted by Carlisle, who was in some degree connected with him upon the property was his sale of the family the family, being the son of the deceased Lord's

estate of Rochdale in Lancashire, of which the mi- sister, was appointed his guardian; and in the auneral produce was accounted very valuable. He tumn of 1798, Mrs. Byron and her son, attended well knew, it is said, at the time of the sale, his by their faithful May Gray, left Aberdeen for Newinability to make out a legal title ; nor is it sup- stead. Previously to their departure, the furniposed that the purchasers themselves were unac-ture of the humble lodgings which they had ocquainted with the defeet of the conveyance. But cupied was-with the exception of the plate and they contemplated, and, it seems, actually did linen, which Mrs. Byron took with her-sold, and realize, an indemnily from any pecuniary loss, the whole sum that the effects of the mother of the before they could, in the ordinary course of Lord of Newstead yielded was 741. 178.7d. evenis, be dispossessed of the property. During the From the early age at which Byron was taken young Lord's minority, proceedings were institu- 10 Scotland, as well as from the circumstance of his led for the recovery of this estate, and with success. mother being a native of that country, he had every

At Newstead, both the mansion and the grounds reason to consider himself—as, indeed, he boasts in around it were suffered to fall helplessly into Don Juan—"half a Scot by birth, and bred a whole decay; and among the few monuments of either one. care or expenditure which their Lord left behind, To meet with an Aberdonian was, at all times, were some masses of rock-work, on which much a delight to him; and when the late Mr. Scott, who cost had been thrown away, and a few castellated was a native of Aberdeen, paid him a visit at Vebuildings on the banks of the lake and in the nice in the year 1819, in talking of the haunts of his woods. The forts upon the lake were designed childhood, one of the places he particularly men10 give a naval appearance to its waters, and fre- tioned was Wallace-nook, a spot where there is a quently, in his more social days, he used to amuse rude statue of the Scottish chief still standing. himself with sham fights,-his vessels attacking From first to last, indeed, these recollections of the the forts, and being cannonaded by them in re-country of his youth never forsook him. In his

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(1) To this Lord Byron used to add, on the authority of old numbers that it was impossible to cross the hall without treadservants of the family, that on the day of their patron's death, ing on them. these crickels all left the house simultaneously, and in such

early voyage into Greece, not only the shapes of the had bitten a large piece, in a fit of passion, when mountains, but the kilts and hardy forms of the a child. Albanese,-all, as he says, “carried him back to

It was in the summer of 1798, as I have already Morven;" and, in his last fatal expedition, the dress said, that Lord Byron, then in his eleventh year, which he himself chiefly wore at Cephalonia was a left Scotland, with his mother and nurse, to take tartan jacket.

possession of the ancient seat of his ancestors. In Cordial, however, and deep as were the impres- one of his latest letters, referring to this journey, sions which he retained of Scotland, he would he says, “ I recollect Loch Leven as it were but sometimes in this, as in all his other amiable feelings, yesterday, I saw it in my way to England in 1798." endeavour perversely to belie his own better na- They had already arrived at the Newstead toll-bar, ture, and, when under the the excitement of anger and saw the woods of the Abbey stretching out to or ridicule, persuade not only others, but even receive them, when Mrs. Byron, affecting to be himself, that the whole current of his feelings ran ignorant of the place, asked the woman of the tolldirectly otherwise. The abuse with which, in his house-to whom that seat belonged ? She was anger against the Edinburgh Review, he over- told that the owner of it, Lord Byron, had been whelmed every thing Scotch, is an instance of this some months dead. “And who is the next heir?” temporary triumph of wilfulness; and, at any time, asked the proud and happy mother. “They say,” the least association of ridicule with the country answered the woman,“ it is a little boy who lives or its inhabitants was sufficient, for the moment, at Aberdeen.”—“And this is he, bless him!” exto put all his sentiment to flight. A friend of his claimed the nurse, no longer able to contain herself, once described to me the half playful rage into and turning to kiss with delight the young Lord which she saw him thrown, one day, by a heedless who was seated on her lap. girl, who remarked that she thought he had a little Even under the most favourable circumstances, of the Scotch accent. “ Good God, I hope not !” such an early elevation to rank would be but too he exclaimed. “ I'm sure I have n't. I would likely to have a dangerous influence on the characrather the whole d—d country was sunk in the sea ter; and the guidance under which young Byron -1, the Scotch accent!”

entered upon his new station was, of all others, the To such sallies, however, whether in writing or least likely to lead him safely through its perils and conversation, but little weight is to be allowed,- temptations. His mother, without judgment particularly, in comparison with those strong testi- self-command, alternately spoiled him by indulmonies which he has left on record of his fondness gence, and irritated, or- what was still worse — for his early home: and while, on his side, this amused him by her violence. That strong sense of feeling so indelibly existed, there is, on the part the ridiculous, for which he was afterwards so of the people of Aberdeen, who consider him as remarkable, and which showed itself thus early, almost their fellow-townsman, a correspondent got the better even of his fear of her; and when warmth of affection for his memory and name. Mrs. Byron, who was a short and corpulent person, The various houses where he resided in his youth and rolled considerably in her gait, would, in a are pointed out to the traveiler; to have seen him rage, endeavour to catch him, for the purpose of

but once is a recollection boasted of with pride; inflicting punishment, the young urchin, proud of and the Brig of Don, beautiful in itself, is invested, being able to outstrip her, notwithstanding his by his mere mention of it, with an additional lameness, would run round the room, laughing charm. Two or three years since, the sum of five like a little Puck, and mocking at all her menaces. pounds was offered to a person in Aberdeen for In the few anecdotes of his early life which he reletter which he had in his possession, written by lated in his “Memoranda,” though the name of his Captain Byron a few days before his death ; and, mother was never mentioned but with respect, it among the memorials of the young poet, which was not difficult to perceive that the recollections are treasured up hy individuals of that place, there she had left behind, at least those that had made is one which it would have not a little amused the deepest impression, were of a painful nature. himself to hear of, being no less characteristic a One of the most striking passages indeed, in the relic than an old china saucer, out of which he few pages of that Memoir which related to his early

days, was where, in speaking of his own sensitive of that ideal character which he afterwards emboness, on the subject of his deformed foot, he de- died in so many different shapes, and ennobled by scribed the feeling of horror and humiliation that his genius. But however this may be, it is at least far came over him, when his mother, in one of her fits from improbable that, destitute as he was of other of passion, called him “ a lame brat.” As all that and better models, the peculiarities of his immehe had felt strongly through life was, in some shape diate predecessor should, in a considerable degree, or other, reproduced in his poetry, it was not likely have influenced his fancy and tastes. One habit, that an expression such as this should fail of being which he seems early to have derived from this recorded. Accordingly we find, in the opening of spirit of imitation, and which he retained through his drama, “The Deformed Transformed," life, was that of constantly having arms of some

description about or near him—it being his pracBerlha. Out, bunchback!

tice, when quite a boy, to carry, at all times, small Arnold. I was born so, mother!

loaded pistols in his waistcoat pockets. The affray, It may be questioned, indeed, whether that whole indeed, of the late Lord with Mr. Chaworth had, at drama was not indebted for its origin to this single a very early age, by connecting duelling in his mind recollection.

with the name of his race, led him to turn his While such was the character of the person under attention to this mode of arbitrement; and the whose immediate eye his youth was passed, the mortification which he had, for some time, to encounteraction which a kind and watchful guardian dure at school, from insults, as he imagined, hazardmight have opposed to such example and influence ed on the presumption of his physical inferiority, was almost wholly lost to him. Connected but re- found consolation in the thought that a day would motely with the family, and never having had any yet arrive when the law of the pistol would place opportunity of knowing the boy, it was with much him on a level with the strongest. reluctance that Lord Carlisle originally undertook on their arrival from Scotland, Mrs. Byron, with the trust; nor can we wonder that, when his duties the hope of having his lameness removed, placed as a guardian brought him acquainted with Mrs. her son under the care of a person who professed Byron, he should be deterred from interfering more the cure of such cases, at Nottingham. The name than was absolutely necessary for the child, by his of this man, who appears to have been a mere empifear of coming into collision with the violence and rical pretender, was Lavender; and the manner in caprice of the mother.

which he is said to have proceeded was, by first Had even the character which the last Lord left rubbing the foot over, for a considerable time, with behind been sufficiently popular to pique his young handfuls of oil, and then twisting the limb forcibly successor into an emulation of his good name, such round, and screwing it up in a wooden machine. a salutary rivalry of the dead would have supplied that the boy might not lose ground in his educathe place of living examples; and there is no mind tion during this interval, he received lessons in in which such an ambition would have been more Latin from a respectable schoolmaster, Mr. Rogers, likely to spring up than that of Byron. But, un- who read parts of Virgil and Cicero with him, and luckily, as we have seen, this was not the case; and represents his proficiency to have been, for his age, not only was so fair a stimulus to good conduct considerable. He was often, during his lessons, in wanting, but a rivalry of a very different nature violent pain, from the torturing position in which substituted in its place. The strange anecdotes told his foot was kept; and Mr. Rogers one day said lo of the last Lord by the country people, among whom him, “It makes me uncomfortable, my Lord, to see his fierce and solitary habits had procured for him you sitting there in such pain as I know you must a sort of fearful renown, were of a nature livelily be suffering.” “Never mind, Mr. Rogers,"answered lo arrest the fancy of the young poet, and even to the boy;“ you shall not see any signs of it in me." waken in his mind a sort of boyish admiration for This gentleman, who speaks with the most affecsingularities which he found thus elevated into tionate remembrance of his pupil, mentions several matters of wonder and record. By some it has been instances of the gaiety of spirit with which he used even supposed, that, in these stories of bis eccentric to take revenge on his tormentor, Lavender, by relative,his imagination found the first dark outlines exposing and laughing at his pompous ignorance.

Among other tricks, he one day scribbled down on And when she does die, which I hope will be soon,

She firmly believes she will go to the moon. a sheet of paper all the letters of the alphabet, put together at random, but in the form of words and it is possible that these rhymes may have been sentences, and, placing them before this all-pre- caught up at second-hand; and he himself, as will tending person, asked him gravely what language presently be seen, dated his “ first dash into poetit was. The quack, unwilling to own his igno- ry,” as he calls it, a year later :—but the anecdote rance, answered confidently “ Italian ” — to the altogether, as containing some early dawnings of infinite delight, as it may be supposed, of the little character, appeared to me worth preserving. satirist in embryo, who burst into a loud, triumph

The small income of Mrs. Byron received at this ant laugh at the success of the trap which he had time the addition - most seasonable, no doubt, thus laid for imposture.

though on what grounds accorded, I know not-of With that mindfulness towards all who had been

a pension on the Civil List, of 3001. a year. about him in his youth, which was so distinguish

Finding but little benefit from the Nottingham ing a trait in his character, he, many years after, practitioner, Mrs. Byron, in the summer of the year when in the neighbourhood of Nottingham, sent a 1799, thought it right to remove her boy to London, message full of kindness to his old instructor, and where he was put under the care of Dr. Baillie. It bid the bearer ofit tell him, that, beginning from a being an object, too, to place him at some quiet certain line in Virgil, which he mentioned, he could school, where the means adopted for the cure of his recite twenty verses on, which he well remembered infirmity might be more easily attended to, the having read with this gentleman, when suffering establishment of the late Dr. Glennie, at Dulwich, all the time the most dreadful pain.

was chosen for that purpose ; and as it was thought It was about this period, according to his nurse, advisable that he should have a separate apartment May Gray, that the first symptom of any tendency to sleep in, Dr. Glennie had a bed put up for him towards rhyming showed itself in him; and the in his own study. Mrs. Byron, who had remained occasion which she represented as having given a short time behind him, at Newstead, on her arririse to this childish effort was as follows. An elderly, val in town took a house upon Sloane Terrace ; lady, who was in the habit of visiting his mother, and, under the direction of Dr. Baillie, one of the had made use of some expression that very much Messrs. Sheldrake (1) was employed to construct an affronted him, and these slights, his nurse said, he instrument for the purpose of straightening the generally resented violently and implacably. The limb of the child. Moderation in all athletic exerold lady had some curious notions respecting the cises was of course prescribed ; but Dr. Glennie soul, which, she imagined, took its flight to the found it by no means easy to enforce compliance

moon after death, as a preliminary essay before it with this rule, as, though sufficiently quiet when proceeded further. One day, after a repetition, it along with him in his study, no sooner was the boy is supposed, of her original insult to the boy, he released for play, than he showed as much ambiappeared before his nurse in a violent rage. “Well, tion to excel in all exrcises as the most robust my little hero,” she asked, “what's the matter with

youth of the school —"an ambition,” adds Dr. you now?" Upon which the child answered, that Glennie, in the communication with which he fa

"* this old woman had put him in a most terrible youred me a short time before his death, “which I passion—that he could not bear the sight of her," have remarked to prevail in general in young peretc., etc.—and then broke out into the following sons labouring under similar defects of nature.” doggrel, which he repeated over and over, as if

Having been instructed in the elements of Latin delighted with the vent he had found for his rage:- grammar according to the mode of teaching adopted

In Nottingham county there lives at Swan Green, at Aberdeen, the young student had now unluckily As curst an old lady as ever was seen;

to retrace his steps, and was, as is too often the

(1) In a letter, addressed lately by Mr. Sheldrake to the Editor though unable to undertake the cure of the defect, from the unof a Medical Journal, it is stated that the person of the same name willingness of his noble patient to submit to restraint or confinewho attended Lord Byron al Dulwich owed the honour of being ment, was successful in constructing a sort of shoe for the called in to a mistake, and effected nothing towards the remedy foot, which, in some degree, alleviated the inconvenience under of the limb. The writer of the letter adds that he was himsel which he laboured. consulted by Lord Byron four of five years afterwards, and,

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case, retarded in his studies and perplexed in his which are requisite for a youth destined to a great recollections, by the necessity of toiling through public school, young Byron was much behind other the rudiments again in one of the forms prescribed youths of his age, and that, to retrieve this defiby the English schools. “ I found him enter upon ciency, the undivided application of his whole time his tasks,” says Dr. Glennie, “ with alacrity and would be necessary. Though appearing to be sensuccess. He was playful, good-humoured, and be-sible of the truth of these suggestions, she not the loved by his companions. His reading in history less embarrassed and obstructed the teacher in his and poetry was far beyond the usual standard of his task. Not content with the interval between Saturage, and in my study he found many books open to day and Monday, which, contrary to Dr. Glennie's him, both to please his taste and gratify his curio- wish, the boy generally passed at Sloane Terrace, sity; among others, a set of our poets, from Chaucer she would frequently keep him at home a week to Churchill, which I am almost tempted to say he beyond this time, and, still further to add to the had more than once perused from beginning to end. distraction of such interruptions, collected around He showed at this age an intimate acquaintance him a numerous circle of young acquaintances, with the historical parts of the Holy Scriptures, without exercising, as may be supposed, much upon which he seemed delighted to converse with discrimination in her choice. “How indeed could me, especially after our religious exercises of a Sun- she p” asks Dr. Glennie — “ Mrs. Byron was a total day evening; when he would reason upon the facts stranger to English society and English manners : contained in the Sacred Volume, with every appear with an exterior far from prepossessing, an underance of belief in the Divine truths which they un- standing where nature had not been more bountifold. That the impressions,” adds the writer, “ thus ful, a mind almost wholly without cultivation, and imbibed in his boyhood, had, notwithstanding the the peculiarities of northern opinions, northern hairregularities of his after life, sunk deep into his bits, and northern accent, I trust I do no great premind, will appear, I think, to every impartial reader judice to the memory of my countrywoman, of his works in general; and I never have been able Mrs. Byron was not a Madame de Lambert, endowed to divest myself of the persuasion that, in the strange with powers to retrieve the fortune and form the chaaberrations which so unfortunately marked his racter and manners of a young nobleman, her son.” subsequent career, he must have found it difficult

The interposition of Lord Carlisle, to whose auto violate the better principles early instilled into thority it was found necessary to appeal, had more him."

than once given a check to these disturbing indulIt should have been mentioned, among the traits gences. Sanctioned by such support, Dr. Glennie which I have recorded of his still earlier years, that, even ventured to oppose himself to the privilege, so according to the character given of him by his first often abused, of the usual visits on a Saturday; and nurse's husband, he was, when a mere child,“par- the scenes which he had to encounter on each new ticularly inquisitive and puzzling about religion." case of refusal were such as would have wearied

It was not long before Dr. Glennie began to dis- out the patience of any less zealous and consciencover-what instructors of youth must too often tious schoolmaster. Mrs. Byron, whose paroxysms experience-that the parent was a much more difi- of passion were not, like those of her son,“ silent cult subject to deal with than the child. Though rages,” would, on all these occasions, break out professing entire acquiescence in the representa- into such audible fits of temper, as it was impostions of this gentleman, as to the propriety of leav-sible to keep from reaching the ears of the scholars ing her son to pursue his studies without interrup- and the servants ; and Dr. Glennie had one day the tion, Mrs. Byron had neither sense nor self-denial pain of overhearing a school-fellow of his noble enough to act up to these professions ; but, in spite pupil say lo him, “ Byron, your mother is a fool;" of the remonstrances of Dr.Glennie, and the injunc- to which the other answered gloomily, “ I know tions of Lord Carlisle, continued to interfere with it.” In consequence of all this violence and imand thwart the progress of the boy's education, in practicability of temper, Lord Carlisle at length every way that a fond, wrong-headed, and self- ceased to have any intercourse with the mother of willed mother could devise. In vain was it stated his ward, and on a further application from the to her, that, in all the elemental parts of learning instructor for the exertion of his influence, said,

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