ePub 版
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

is increasing, and ought to be diminished; and whatever difference of opinion may exist as to his political tenets, few will be found to question the integrity of his intentions. Even now oppressed with years, and not exempt from the infirmities attendant on his age, but still unimpaired in talent, and unshaken in spirit-"frangas non flectes" -he has received many a wound in the combat against corruption; and the new grievance, the fresh insult of which he complains, may inflict another scar, but no dishonour. The petition is signed by John Cartwright, and it was in behalf of the people and parliament, in the lawful pursuit of that reform in the representation, which is the best service to be rendered both to parliament and people, that he encountered the wanton outrage which forms the subject-matter of his petition to your Lordships. It is couched in firm yet respectful language in the language of a man, not regardless of what is due to himself, but at the same time, I trust, equally mindful of the deference to be paid to this House. The petitioner states, amongst other matter of equal if not greater importance, to all who are British in their feelings, as well as blood and birth, that on the 21st January, 1813, at Huddersfield, himself and six other persons, who, on hearing of his arrival, had waited on him merely as a testimony of respect, were seized by a military and civil force, and kept in close custody for several hours, subjected to gross and abusive insinuations from the commanding of ficer, relative to the character of the petitioner; that he (the petitioner) was finally carried before a magistrate, and not released till an examination of his papers proved that there was not only no just, but not even statutable, charge against him; and that, notwithstanding the promise and order from the presiding magistrates of a copy of the warrant against your petitioner, it was afterwards withheld on divers pretexts, and has never until this hour been granted. The names and condition of the parties will be found in the petition. To the other topics touched upon in the petition, I shall not now advert, from a wish not to encroach upon the time of the House; but I do most sincerely call the attention of your Lordships to its general contentsit is in the cause of the parliament and people that

June 17, 1816.

In the year 17-, having for some time determined on a journey through countries not hitherto much frequented by travellers, I set out, accom

the rights of this venerable freeman have been vio-panied by a friend, whom I shall designate by the lated, and it is, in my opinion, the highest mark name of Augustus Darvel. He was a few years my of respect that could be paid to the House, that to elder, and a man of considerable fortune and an

(1) "During a week of rain at Diodati, in the summer of 1816, the party having amused themselves with reading German ghost stories, they agreed at last to write something in imitation of them. You and 1,' said Lord Byron to Mrs. Shelley,' will publish ours together.' He then begun his tale of the Vampire; and, having the whole arranged in his head, repeated to them a sketch of the story one evening;-but, from the narrative being in prose, made but little progress in filling up his outline. The

your justice, rather than by appeal to any inferior court, he now commits himself. Whatever may be the fate of his remonstrance, it is some satisfaction to me, though mixed with regret for the occasion, that I have this opportunity of publicly stating the obstruction to which the subject is liable, in the prosecution of the most lawful and imperious of his duties, the obtaining by petition reform in parliament. I have shortly stated his complaint; the petitioner has more fully expressed it. Your Lordships will, I hope, adopt some measure fully to protect and redress him, and not him alone, but the whole body of the people, insulted and aggrieved in his person, by the interposition of an abused civil, and unlawful military, force between them and their right of petition to their own representatives.

His Lordship then presented the petition from Major Cartwright, which was read, complaining of the circumstances at Huddersfield, and of interruptions given to the right of petitioning in several places in the northern parts of the kingdom, and which his Lordship moved should be laid on the table.

Several lords having spoken on the question, Lord Byron replied, that he had, from motives of duty, presented this petition to their Lordships consideration. The Noble Earl had contended, that it was not a petition, but a speech; and that, as it contained no prayer, it should not be received. What was the necessity of a prayer? If that word were to be used in its proper sense, their Lordships could not expect that any man should pray to others. He had only to say, that the petition, though in some parts expressed strongly perhaps, did not contain any improper mode of address, but was couched in respectful language towards their Lordships; he should therefore trust their Lordships would allow the petition to be received.


[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

cient family; advantages which an extensive capacity prevented him alike from undervaluing or overrating. Some peculiar circumstances in his private history had rendered him to me an object of attention, of interest, and even of regard, which neither the reserve of his manners, nor occasional indications of an inquietude, at times nearly approaching to alienation of mind, could extinguish. I was yet young in life, which l'had begun early; but my intimacy with him was of a recent date: we had been educated at the same schools and university; but his progress through these had preceded mine, and he had been deeply initiated into what is called the world, while I was yet in my noviciate. While thus engaged, I heard much both of his past and present life; and, although in these accounts there were many and irreconcileable contradictions, I could still gather from the whole that he was a being of no common order, and one who, whatever pains he might take to avoid remark, would still be remarkable. I had cultivated his acquaintance subsequently, and endeavoured to obtain his friendship, but this last appeared to be unattainable; whatever affections he might have possessed, seemed now, some to have been extinguished, and others to be concentred: that his feelings were acute, I had sufficient opportunities of observing; for, although he could control, he could not altogether disguise them; still he had a power of giving to one passion the appearance of another, in such a manner that it was difficult to define the nature of what was working within him; and the expressions of his features would vary so rapidly, though slightly, that it was useless to try to trace them to their sources. It was evident that he was a prey to some cureless disquiet; but whether it arose from ambition, love, remorse, grief, from one or all of these, or merely from a morbid temperament akin to disease, I could not discover: there were circumstances alleged, which might have justified the application to each of these causes; but, as I have before said, these were so contradictory and contradicted, that none could be fixed upon with accuracy. Where there is mystery, it is generally supposed that there must also be evil: I know not how this may be, but in him there certainly was the one, though I could not ascertain the extent of the other—and felt loth, as far as regarded himself, to believe in its existence. My advances were received with sufficient coldness; but I was young, and not easily discouraged, and at length succeeded in obtaining, to a certain degree, that common-place intercourse and moderate confidence of common and every-day concerns, created and cemented by similarity of pursuit and frequency of meeting, which is called intimacy, or friendship, according to the ideas of him who uses those words to express them.

Darvell had already travelled extensively; and to him I had applied for information with regard to the conduct of my intended journey. It was my secret wish that he might be prevailed on to accompany me; it was also a probable hope, founded upon the shadowy restlessness which I had observed in him, and to which the animation which he appeared to feel on such subjects, and his apparent indifference to all by which he was more immediately surrounded, gave fresh strength. This wish I first hinted, and then expressed: his answer, though had partly expected it, gave me all the pleasure of surprise-he consented; and after the requisite arrangement, we commenced our voyages. After journeying through various countries of the south of Europe, our attention was turned towards the East, according to our original destination; and it was in my progress through those regions that the incident occurred upon which will turn what I may have to relate.


The constitution of Darvell, which must from his appearance have been in early life more than usually robust, had been for some time gradually giving way, without the intervention of any apparent disease: he had neither cough nor hectic, yet he became daily more enfeebled: his habits were temperate, and he neither declined nor complained of fatigue; yet he was evidently wasting away: he became more and more silent and sleepless, and at length so seriously altered, that my alarm grew proportionate to what I conceived to be his danger.

We had determined, on our arrival at Smyrna, on an excursion to the ruins of Ephesus and Sardis, from which I endeavoured to dissuade him in his present state of indisposition-but in vain: there appeared to be an oppression on his mind, and a solemnity in his manner, which ill corresponded with his eagerness to proceed on what I regarded as a mere party of pleasure, little suited to a valetudinarian; but I opposed him no longer-and in a few days we set off together, accompanied only by a serrugee and a single janizary.

We had passed half-way towards the remains of Ephesus, leaving behind us the more fertile environs of Smyrna, and were entering upon that wild and tenantless tract, through the marshes and defiles which lead to the few huts yet lingering over the broken columns of Diana-the roofless walls of expelled Christianity, and the still more recent but complete desolation of abandoned mosques-when the sudden and rapid illness of my companion obliged us to halt at a Turkish cemetery, the turbaned tombstones of which were the sole indication that human life had ever been a sojourner in this wilderness. The only caravansera we had seen was left some hours behind us, not a vestige of a town or even cottage was within sight or hope, and this "city of the dead" appeared to be

the sole refuge for my unfortunate friend, who some Arabic characters, and presented it to me. seemed on the verge of becoming the last of its inhabitants.

| He proceeded :


On the ninth day of the month, at noon precisely (what month you please, but this must be the day), you must fling this ring into the salt springs which run into the Bay of Eleusis: the day after, at the same hour, you must repair to the ruins of the temple of Ceres, and wait one hour.” "Why ?"

"You will see."

"The ninth day of the month, you say?"
"The ninth."

In this situation, I looked round for a place where he might most conveniently repose:-contrary to the usual aspect of Mahometan burialgrounds, the cypresses were in this few in number, and these thinly scattered over its extent: the tombstones were mostly fallen, and worn with age:-upon one of the most considerable of these, and beneath one of the most spreading trees, Darvell supported himself, in a half-reclining posture, with great difficulty. He asked for water. I had some doubts of our being able to find any, and prepared to go in search of it with hesitating despondency: but he desired me to remain; and turning to Suleiman, our janizary, who stood by us smoking with great tranquillity, he said, "Sulei-prey, appeared to be steadfastly regarding us. I man, verbana su," (i. e. bring some water,) and know not what impelled me to drive it away, but went on describing the spot where it was to be the attempt was useless; she made a few circles in found with great minuteness, at a small well for the air, and returned exactly to the same spot. camels, a few hundred yards to the right: the ja- Darvell pointed to it, and smiled: he spoke-1 nizary obeyed. I said to Darvell, "How did you know not whether to himself or to me-but the know this?"-He replied, "From our situation; words were only, "T is well!" you must perceive that this place was once inhabited, and could not have been so without springs: I have also been here before."

As I observed that the present was the ninth day of the month, his countenance changed, and he paused. As he sat, evidently becoming more feeble, stork, with a snake in her beak, perched upon tombstone near us; and, without devouring her

"What is well? what do you mean ?"

"You have been here before!-How came you never to mention this to me? and what could you be doing in a place where no one would remain a moment longer than they could help it?"

To this question I received no answer. In the mean time Suleiman returned with the water, leaving the serrugee and the horses at the fountain. The quenching of his thirst had the appearance of reviving him for a moment; and I conceived hopes of his being able to proceed, or at least to return, and I urged the attempt. He was silent-and appeared to be collecting his spirits for an effort to speak. He began :"This is the end of my journey, and of my life; -I came here to die but I have a request to make, a command-for such my last words must be. You will observe it ?"



"And the serpent writhing in her beak ?" "Doubtless: there is nothing uncommon in it; it is her natural prey. But it is odd that she does not devour it.”

He smiled in a ghastly manner, and said, faintly, "It is not yet time!" As he spoke, the stork flew away. My eyes followed it for a moment-it could hardly be longer than ten might be counted. I felt Darvell's weight, as it were, increase upon my shoulder, and turning to look upon his face, perceived that he was dead!

"No matter you must bury me here this evening, and exactly where that bird is now perched. You know the rest of my injunctions."

He then proceeded to give me several directions as to the manner in which his death might be best concealed. After these were finished, he exclaimed, "You perceive that bird ?"

"Peace!-it must be so: promise this." "I do."

"Most certainly; but have better hopes." "I have no hopes, nor wishes, but this-conceal my death from every human being."

I was shocked with the sudden certainty which could not be mistaken-his countenance in a few minutes became nearly black. Ishould have attri

"I hope there will be no occasion; that you will buted so rapid a change to poison, had I not been recover, and—-”

aware that he had no opportunity of receiving it unperceived. The day was declining, the body was rapidly altering; and nothing remained but to fulfil his request. With the aid of Suleiman's ataghan and my own sabre, we scooped a shallow

"Swear it, by all that" He here dictated an oath of great solemnity.

I took the oath: it appeared to relieve him. He removed a seal ring from his finger, on which were

"There is no occasion for this-I will observe grave upon the spot which Darvell had indicated: your request; and to doubt me is——”

"It cannot be helped,-you must swear."

the earth easily gave way, having already received some Mahometan tenant. We dug as deeply as the time permitted us, and throwing the dry earth upon all that remained of the singular being so

lately departed, we cut a few sods of greener turf 16. Therefore do thou make haste (7) to come from the less withered soil around us, and laid them upon his sepulchre.

amongst us;

17. That this city of the Corinthians may remain Between astonishment and grief, I was tearless. without scandal;

18. And that the folly of these men may be made manifest by an open refutation. Fare thee well.(8) The deacons Thereptus and Tichus (9) received and conveyed this Epistle to the city of the Philippians. (10)




The Epistle of the Corinthians to St. Paul the Apostle.(1)

1. STEPHEN, (2) and the elders with him, Dabnus, Eubulus, Theophilus, and Xinon, to Paul, our father and evangelist, and faithful master in Jesus Christ, health. (3)

2. Two men have come to Corinth, Simon by name, and Cleobus, (4) who vehemently disturb the faith of some with deceitful and corrupt words;

3. Of which words thou shouldst inform thyself: 4. For neither have we heard such words from thee, nor from the other apostles:

5. But we know only that what we have heard from thee and from them, that we have kept firmly.

6. But in this chiefly has our Lord had compassion, that, whilst thou art yet with us in the flesh, we are again about to hear from thee.

7. Therefore do thou write to us, or come thyself amongst us quickly.

8. We believe in the Lord, that, as it was revealed to Theonas, he hath delivered thee from the hands of the unrighteous.(5)

9. But these are the sinful words of these impure men, for thus do they say and teach:

10. That it behoves not to admit the Prophets. (6) 11. Neither do they affirm the omnipotence of God:

When Paul received the Epistle, although he was then in chains on account of Stratonice,(11) the wife of Apofolanus, (12) yet, as it were forgetting his bonds, he mourned over these words, and said, weeping: "It were better for me to be dead, and with the Lord. For while I am in this body, and hear the wretched words of such false doctrine, behold, grief arises upon grief, and my trouble adds a weight to my chains; when I behold this calamity, and progress of the machinations of Satan, who searcheth to do wrong."

And thus, with deep affliction, Paul composed his reply to the Epistle.(13)


5. And I now say unto you, that the Lord Jesus 12. Neither do they affirm the resurrection of the Christ was born of the Virgin Mary, who was of the flesh : seed of David,

1. Paul, in bonds for Jesus Christ, disturbed by so many errors, (15) to his Corinthian brethren, health.

2. I nothing marvel that the preachers of evil have made this progress.

3. For because the Lord Jesus is about to fulfil his coming, verily on this account do certain men pervert and despise his words.

4. But I, verily, from the beginning, have taught you that only which I myself received from the former apostles, who always remained with the Lord Jesus Christ.

(1) Some MSS. have the title thus: Epistle of Stephen the Eider to Paul the Apostle, from the Corinthians.

(2) In the MSS. the marginal verses published by the Whistons are wanting.

(3) In some MSS. we find, The elders Numenus, Eubulus, Theophilus, and Nomeson, to Paul their brother, health!

(4) Others read, There came certain men,.... ( and Clobeus, who vehemently shake.

(5) Some MSS. have, We believe in the Lord, that his presence was made manifest; and by this hath the Lord delivered us from the hands of the unrighteous.

13. Neither do they affirm that man was altogether created by God:

14. Neither do they affirm that Jesus Christ was born in the flesh from the Virgin Mary :

7. That Jesus might be introduced into the world, (16) and deliver our flesh by his flesh, and

15. Neither do they affirm that the world was the that he might raise us up from the dead; work of God, but of some one of the angels.

8. As in this also he himself became the example:

(6) Others read, To read the Prophets.

(7) Some MSS. have, Therefore, brother, do thou make hasie.

6. According to the annunciation of the Holy Ghost, sent to her by our Father from Heaven;

(8) Others read, Fare thee well in the Lord.

(9) Some MSS. have, The deacons Therepus and Techus. (10) The Whistons have, To the city of Phaœnicía: but in all the MSS. we find, To the city of the Philippians.

(11) Others read, On account of Onotice.

(12) The Whistons have, of Apollophanus : but in all the MSS. we read, Apofolanus.

(15) In the text of this Epistle there are some other variations in the words, but the sense is the same.

(44) Some MSS. bave, Paul's Epistle from prison, for the instruction of the Corinthians.

(15) Others read, Disturbed by various compunctions.
(16) Some MSS. bave, That Jesus might comfort the world.

9. That it might be made manifest that man was yourselves far from these, and expel from amongst created by the Father,

you the doctrine of the wicked.

10. He has not remained in perdition unsought; (1)

11. But he is sought for, that he might be revived by adoption.

12. For God, who is the Lord of all, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who made heaven and earth, sent, firstly, the Prophets to the Jews;

13. That he would absolve them from their sins, and bring them to his judgment.

1.1. Because he wished to save, firstly, the house of Israel, he bestowed and poured forth his Spirit upon the Prophets;

15. That they should, for a long time, preach the worship of God, and the nativity of Christ.

16. But he who was the prince of evil, when he wished to make himself God, laid his hand upon them,

17. And bound all men in sin, (2)

18. Because the judgment of the world was approaching.

19. But Almighty God, when he willed to justify, was unwilling to abandon his creature;

20. But when he saw his affliction, he had compassion upon him:

21. And at the end of a time, he sent the Holy Ghost into the Virgin foretold by the Prophets.

22. Who, believing readily, (3) was made worthy to conceive, and bring forth our Lord Jesus Christ. 23. That from this perishable body, in which the evil spirit was glorified, he should be cast out, and it should be made manifest

24. That he was not God: For Jesus Christ, in his flesh, had recalled and saved this perishable flesh, and drawn it into eternal life by faith.

25. Because in his body he would prepare a pure temple of justice for all ages;

26. In whom we also, when we believe, are saved.

[blocks in formation]

32. Because you are not the children of rebellion,(6) but the sons of the beloved church.

33. And on this account the time of the resurrection is preached to all men.

34. Therefore they who affirm that there is no resurrection of the flesh, they indeed shall not be raised up to eternal life;

35. But to judgment and condemnation shall the unbeliever arise in the flesh;

36. For to that body which denies the resurrection of the body, shall be denied the resurrection: because such are found to refuse the resurrection.

37. But you also, Corinthians! have known, from the seeds of wheat, and from other seeds,

38. That one grain falls (7) dry into the earth, and within it first dies,

39. And afterwards rises again, by the will of the Lord, endued with the same body:

40. Neither indeed does it arise with the same simple body, but manifold, and filled with blessing.

41. But we produce the example not only from seeds, but from the honourable bodies of men.(8) 42. Ye have also known Jonas, the son of Amittai. (9)

43. Because he delayed to preach to the Ninevites, he was swallowed up in the belly of a fish for three days and three nights;

44. And after three days God heard his supplication, and brought him out of the deep abyss; 45. Neither was any part of his body corrupted; neither was his eyebrow bent down.(10) 46. And how much more for you, faith;

men of little

47. If you believe in our Lord Jesus Christ, will he raise you up, even as he himself hath arisen.

48. If the bones of Elisha the prophet, falling upon the dead, revived the dead,

49. By how much more shall ye, who are supported by the flesh and the blood and the Spirit of Christ, arise again on that day with a perfect body?

50. Elias the prophet, embracing the widow's son, raised him from the dead:

51. By how much more shall Jesus Christ revive you, on that day, with a perfect body, even as he himself hath arisen?

52. But if ye receive other things vainly,(11)

[blocks in formation]
« 上一頁繼續 »