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sans Dessein. He was flattered with the compliment intended, when it had been intimated that he was to receive it as soon as the gun could be completed. No expense was spared to render the transaction agreeable to the soldier, and the present suitable to the character and liberal sentiments of the donors. During the time employed in manufacturing the rifle, and in some of the conversations that the interesting subject produced, it was playfully suggested that the ladies deserved a present for the spirited share they had taken in the conflict, and some thoughtless young man remarked that a silver urinal should be presented to Madame Roi. This unfortunate remark was reported to her husband. When, therefore, the committee waited on him with a complimentary communication, and requested that he would accept an expensive rifle, one of CREAMER's best, he explained his views something to the following effect :
"Gentlemen-It is a fuzee of beautiful proportions-containing very much gold in de pan, and silver on his breeches; he is a very gentleman gun for kill de game. I tank you. I shall not take him. Some gentleman have consider to give ma chère ami one urinal silvare! I tell you, sare, I take care of dem tings myself-go to h―ll avec votre dam long gun! I shall not take him!! Go to h-ll, anybody, by d-n sight!!!" And with this expression of resentment for the freedom that the young man had unwittingly taken in discussion of the affair, he departed with manly indignation, in perfect keeping with his admirable character.
Two thirds of the land in this county is considered good arable soil, and such as may be cultivated with profit. As Callaway lies nearer the Mississippi and St. Louis, the principal city of the state, land of inferior quality may yield as largely in nett proceeds as some regions of country at a greater distance, where the soil is richer. Stock taken from Callaway last year is estimated, by competent business men, at from twenty to twenty-five thousand dollars.
MIDWAY is a new village, twelve miles south of Fulton, on the road to Jefferson city; and contains two stores with general assortments, and a grocery. At Smith's Landing, and at
Portland, the merchandise for the county is received; and the produce is there shipped in steamboats that run in the Missouri trade.
CAPE GIRARDEAU COUNTY. The boundaries of this county" begin in the Mississippi river, opposite the mouth of Apple Creek; thence up said creek, pursuing the west or principal fork thereof, to the line between townships thirty-three and thirty-four north; thence west to the dividing ridge between the rivers Castor and White Water; thence in a direct line to the dividing ridge between Castor and Crooked Creek; thence southwardly with said dividing ridge until it strikes the edge of the Big Swamp, between Jenkins' Creek and Castor; thence west to the river Castor; thence down the same to the line of Stoddard county, and with the same to Scott county; thence with the same to the Mississippi river, and up the same to the beginning."
The settlement of this county began as early as 1794. The early settlers were French and Germans, and their descendants are now among the most valuable citizens of Missouri. The farming products of this county consist of wheat, corn, tobacco, flax, hemp, and cotton; and the county is situated so far south, that the navigation, if obstructed at all with ice, is interrupted for a very short period in the winter. There is a singular advantage in being near to such a fluctuating market as that of New Orleans. When produce is high, the farmers of Cape Girardeau and other southern counties may reach market before a depression is submitted to; while those farther off may arrive a few days too late. This county is rich in mill-sites and mills; and these are on Bois-brulé, Cinq-homme, Apple Creek, and White Water. This is a well-timbered county, and there is an abundance of cypress in the southern part of Cape Girardeau.
Cape Girardeau, a town on the river, was formerly the seat of justice; but the removal of this to Jackson was intended to consult the convenience of the citizens. Cape Girardeau dwindled to a place of no note after this arrangement went into effect. But latterly it has revived, and is rapidly improving by the natural force of trade on the river-bank, where the landing is excellent. A steam saw-mill there contributes largely to the im
provement of the place. It was here that one or two of those novel mills, with a spiral water-wheel thrown into the river, were in operation for some time. Of the utility of power thus obtained for light machinery, there can be no doubt; but for driving a saw, or a heavy pair of buhrs, it appears insufficient. The town of Cape Girardeau is forty-five miles above the mouth of the Ohio. The "Southern Advocate," an excellent public journal, is published at Cape Girardeau.
JACKSON, the seat of justice, is situate twelve miles from the river, and is as active a place of business as any interior town of Missouri. The land-offices for the southern land district of Missouri are kept at Jackson.
CARROL COUNTY is bounded on the south by the Missouri river, and on the east and north by the Grand river, and west by Ray county.
This county is believed to contain a fair proportion of good land, or sufficient rich soil to place Carrol in the first class of the counties in Missouri. Its situation, out of the main, or most usual road of travel westward, has excluded Carrol from the observation of land-hunters. But this county is beginning to be better known, and it is settling rapidly. There is in the county of Carrol less timber than prairie; and north of it, in the attached territory, about equal quantities of timber and prairie.
This timber consists of black oak, white oak, black walnut, sugar-tree, maple, linn, elm, hickory, hackberry, cottonwood, &c. The undergrowth is pawpaw, hazel, plum-tree, brier, &c. Limestone, sandstone, and freestone are found in Carrol; and stone coal of good quality. Big Wyaconda waters the southern part of this county, and empties into the Missouri. There are other large streams that rise in the county, and fall into the Grand river, the names of which have not been procured. Big and Little Wyaconda furnish good mill-sites, and on these streams the inhabitants are preparing to erect mills. In the territory attached to Carrol there are good mill-streams: these are Shoal Creek, west fork of Grand river, east fork of Grand river, and creeks of less importance, and nameless; but probably such streams are better suited to milling operations than the larger
water-courses, as dams are constructed on them with less expense, and resist the force of the current longer.
In Carrol the grasses are cultivated, and the farmers raise wheat, rye, corn, oats, hemp, and tobacco. The stock raised in Carrol consists of cattle, hogs, horses, and mules. There is nothing to prevent adding sheep to this list of animals, that are so useful and profitable. Many springs of good water are sound in this county, and a mill-stone quarry has lately been discovered.
CARROLTON, eight miles from Caton's Landing, on the Missouri, is the seat of justice of this county, and a small place. As this county is new, having been erected out of a portion of the territory of Ray, it cannot be supposed far advanced in cultivation, or full of small thriving villages, like some of the older counties; but the emigrant can find here a wide field for selecting land, which is subject to entry at the minimum price of one dollar and a quarter per acre.
Wyaconda empties into Missouri five miles above the mouth of Grand river. The bluff on the river here is high, level land. From this bluff the good land extends down about two miles. The remainder of the land in the forks between Missouri and Grand river is mixed with good tracts and sloughs. This bottom is covered with good timber. At the mouth of Wyaconda there is a store, and this is a good situation for a porkhouse. This is likewise a good site for a steam saw-mill, which might supply the prairie country opposite, in Saline county, from the forests of Carrol. Above Wyaconda is Yellow Rock prairie. Between this stream and the Missouri the country is covered with walnut, hackberry, and cottonwood. Adjoining this, and in continuation above, is sugar-tree bottom, that in the early settlement of Missouri was sought as among the best tracts in the state. It was subsequently almost deserted by the settlers, in consequence of ill health; but latterly it has been reoccupied, and very large purchases of public land have been made in this bottom. It is twenty miles long, and about five miles wide, extending from Wyaconda to Crooked river. On the river there is a broad belt of timber, and beyond this is an extensive prairie,
so level, that many small tracts of wet land are necessarily found; but much the greatest portion of it is first-rate land. On the border of the prairie, sugar-tree and black walnut grow together. Between Grand river and Lick branch, after leaving the timbered bottom, the prairie is rolling and rich. There is a good supply of timber on each side of the prairie, on the Missouri, and on Grand river. On Lick branch there is a stock farm, on a large scale. North of this prairie, between Hurricane Creek and Big Creek, branches of Grand river, there is a beautiful country, not much settled. This is in the military bountytract, and the lands are owned generally by non-residents, which greatly retards the settlement of the country. The same inconvenience, from the same cause, is felt in other parts of the country.
CHARITON COUNTY boundaries are described in the Revised Statutes of Missouri as follows:-"Beginning in the Missouri river, where the western line of Howard county strikes the same; thence to and with said line to the northwest corner of Howard county; thence east to the sectional line, which divides range sixteen into equal parts; thence north to the line between townships fifty-six and fifty-seven; thence with said line west to Grand river; thence down the same to the beginning.”
KEYTESVILLE is the seat of justice for this county, and the principal town in it. The old town of Chariton was built at an early period, a little above the mouth of Chariton river, and within a near view of the Missouri. This location proved an unfortunate one, and the place was found so sickly that it is now a deserted village! It is within half a mile of the confluence of the two principal forks of Chariton river, and on the wide bottom made by the Missouri and these two rivers. An attempt was made to erect out of the ruins of Chariton two or three other towns in its vicinity. But the business men interested in the trade of the rich and populous country embraced within Howard and Chariton, and at suitable distance from the landing of the great bend of Missouri here, have fixed on a new site within the western boundaries of Howard county; and they are