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nature. It breaks out of an abrupt cliff on the bank of the Missouri, four miles below Rocheport, and falls twenty-five feet perpendicularly. This spring, at some seasons of the year, and at different periods, furnishes water sufficient to propel the machinery of a mill. Near to this, in a cave, is a good site for a mill or a distillery. It is presumed this last is not an intemperate suggestion.

NASHVILLE LANDING is situate on the river alluvial lands, and is a place of much receiving and forwarding. At the site of Messrs. Lamme and Keizer's paper-mill there is a stream, furnishing a volume of water sufficient to drive light machinery, where it breaks out of the earth. Immediately below where this stream makes its first appearance the road passes over a miniature natural bridge, resembling that of Virginia, which has been immortalized by the pen of Mr. Jefferson. The waterpower here was applied to milling purposes for many years, until steam was found a more powerful agent.

CALLAWAY COUNTY boundaries begin at a point in the middle of the main channel of the Missouri river, to which a projection of the range line between ranges six and seven west would lead; thence north with the said range line to the northwest corner of township forty-nine north, in range six west; thence west with the line between townships forty-nine and fifty to the main fork of Cedar Creek, which is the line of Boone county; thence southwardly with the same creek until it strikes the range line between ranges eleven and twelve; thence south with said range line to the middle of the main channel of the Missouri river, and down the same, in the middle of the main channel thereof, to the beginning.

The name of Callaway was given to this county, to bear in respectful remembrance the patriotic devotion of a captain of rangers, who perished in conflict with the natives of the country, and the enemies alike of white men and civilization. It lies east of Boone, on the left bank of the Missouri, and is bounded on the south by this river. The soil and timber of Callaway have attracted a good class of citizens, and this may be considered one of the old, rich counties. Their improvements are on an

extensive scale, and of a most substantial and permanent character. The timber of the county is more than sufficient in quantity to justify the settlement of all the prairie-land within its borders; but the distribution is such that perhaps a portion of grand prairie may remain longer unsettled than is desirable. The great fertility of its soil naturally invites the cultivator; and it is to be lamented that the wild flowers, in any portion of it, should be allowed longer to "waste their fragrance on the desert air." Water-power in Callaway is scarce, and the big River au Vase and Cedar river furnish the greatest quantity. There are on these streams saw and grist mills; and the power of them might be still further advantageously employed in country work, but the main dependance for manufacturing wheat-crops, which are produced in great perfection and abundance, is on steam-power, that may be cheaply generated in a country which abounds in timber and coal to an exhaustless extent. The lost stone is found in this county of such quality as to save the expense of French buhrstone in the country work. Freestone and sandstone are found in Callaway; but, at any considerable distance from the river, limestone lies too low for quarrying cheaply. Callaway cannot be considered a well-watered district of country, when compared to several of the counties of Missouri. The timber of Callaway in the river-bottoms is walnut, ash, hackberry, and cottonwood. On the high land several varieties of oak are found, with walnut and black ash. There is in the county a much larger portion of timbered land than prairie. There is in Callaway a steam saw and flour mill, with a powerful engine; and the machinery is of excellent finish. This is situated at Portland. The tobacco of Callaway is highly esteemed in the market to which it is taken; and, with proper attention, will always command a better price than that of Kentucky. Callaway is well adapted to stock-raising: and this is one of the various branches that the farmers engage in and derive profit from. Iron ore exists in this county, but has never been manu. factured. It is believed that this mineral, and the coal-banks, will be found to furnish natural sources of wealth. Lead ore has likewise been discovered in the county. The streams that

drain this county are Big au Vase, Little au Vase, and Cedar. These fall into the Missouri, and the latter forms the western boundary of Callaway.

FULTON is the seat of justice of Callaway, and is situated in a central position. It is a flourishing town, and improving rapidly. It has eight dry good stores and four groceries. Here the main St. Charles and Fayette road passes and branches, in Fulton, to Jefferson City, the seat of government of the state.

PORTLAND is situated on the bank of Missouri, and the landing being good at all seasons of the year, is a considerable place of business. Although it is only about three years old, it contains four stores and three groceries. The steam saw and flour mill of Messrs. Benson and Childs, gives Portland an advantage which will tend greatly to accelerate its growth. This place is nearly opposite and about fifteen miles from Nine-Mile prairie, which lies on the St. Charles and Fayette road west of Loutre Lick. This, with Ham's, Round, and Hancock prairies, are much admired for their beauty, and highly valued for the productiveness of the soil. These prairies are of moderate dimensions, and the timber on the borders of them is good.

MILLERSBURGH, near the west side of the county, on the road from Fulton to Columbia, is a new place, and a healthy site.

COTE SANS DESSEIN (a hill without design) is the site of an ancient French village. This place has its name from an isolated hill that is standing, as if by accident, on the river-bank, in an extensive bottom. It appears that some convulsion of nature may have cut it off from the hills at the mouth of Osage, on the opposite bank of the Missouri, and given passage to this last mentioned river, between it and the base of its kindred hills. The village of Cote sans Dessein was settled in 1808, and was once a populous place. The old inhabitants have generally removed across the Missouri, and settled there. This ancient village had its share in the Indian wars incident to the settie. ment of the country, and furnishes an instance of gallantry in the defence of the place, equal to any thing recorded in the his.

tory of manly firmness. The principal actor in this achievement was a Frenchman, whose name was Baptiste Louis Roi. He chanced to be in the block-house, with only two men and as many women, when the attack commenced. With this small command he made a successful defence against a numerous and very determined band of Indians. One of his men, observing the great disparity of force, was panic-struck, and rendered no assistance in the conflict. He devoted himself to prayer and very humble penitence throughout the siege. The women, the wife and sister-in-law of the gallant Roi, lent efficient and indispensable aid to the two soldiers, their husbands. The defenders of the block-house had not been sufficiently provident in their supply of ammunition, so as to have a sufficient quantity of balls on hand at the beginning of the attack. While the men were firing, the women made it their business to cast balls and cut patches, so as to keep up the defence in a steady and uninterrupted manner. The consequence was, that these two riflemen numbered fourteen Indians in their report of killed, without being able to form any correct account of the wounded. But they had the satisfaction to continue the fight until the balance of their foes were among the missing. After the extreme suffering which the assailants endured, they became desperate in their determination to take or destroy the block-house. They made several bold attempts to storm, but were always driven back with reduced numbers. This taught them circumspection, and they determined to set fire to the house. To effect this in security, they fastened combustible matter to their arrows, and, having lighted this, their missives were shot into the roof of the block-house; as often as this occurred, the women made it a business to extinguish the blaze by the application of the little water they had within the building. The place of defence was near the river-bank, but the garrison was too weak to justify a sally for additional supplies. It was with appalling interest that the little band observed the rapid expenditure of their small stock as the incendiaries repeated their experiments. Their torches were sent up with fearful accuracy from the shelter of a ravine, and each new blaze was accompanied with the demoniac

yells of the assailants. The women continued to apply the water, with parsimonious regard to economy-not a drop was wasted. The fiery arrows were still showered upon the devoted house, and at each discharge the warwhoop was redoubled. At last the water was exhausted, the last bucket was drained of the last drop! another discharge succeeded. The roof was blazing over their heads; and when despair was settling on the hitherto buoyant spirits of the little band, one of the females produced a gallon of milk. This was sufficient to protract destruction, but no security against a recurrence of imminent peril. There was a pause after the last blaze had been extinguished. The defenders were watching with acute sensibility every movement of the enemy, hoping that their fruitless efforts had discour aged them, and that in this they would find impunity. But when they began to respire freely with hope of safety, another discharge broke on their view; the fiery arrows hurled in the air, and the roof blazed again with fearful clearness! A mighty shout arose from a hundred wild and startling voices. Even Baptiste Roi himself, whose visage was the mirror of a hero's soul, looked aghast on the companions of his peril, until his wife, with an angel's smile on her face, produced, from the urinal just then replenished, the fluid that proved the salvation of the garrison. The fire was again extinguished. Then it was that the elastic spirits of the little party sent forth an answering shout of joy, and another of defiance, hurled with spirit in the face of savage exultation! Thrice did these women supply from the same fountain a fluid for the extinguishment of wicked hopes; when, at last, the baffled bloodhounds ran off, screaming a bitter howl of mingled resentment and despair.* When the achievement above described was talked over, long after the war, some of the young gentlemen in St. Louis united in the expense of procuring a rifle, of fine finish, to present to Monsieur Louis Baptiste Roi, for his Spartan gallantry in the defence of Cote

* When these Indians were leaving the settlement, they collected a dozen small cast kettles, and having broken them in pieces, piled them around a large unbroken one, as a sign to the savages who might follow in their trail, that one man had slain many of the red-skins.

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