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affair by separating the conflicting parties. Accordingly, when a distinguished brave, whom they called the Big Sergeant, had tried the force of his war-club across the naked shoulders of that warrior who first attempted the murder of the captive, and was about to repeat his blow, Captain Kennerly interposed a ready and a strong arm, and prevented his friend Big Sergeant from laying a head full of bumps open to craniological inspection. Mr. Dougherty, who had lingered at the door of the lodge to allow some of his red people to take leave of their father, was summoned to the scene of action by the wailings of an old squaw, whose mock melody howl was recognised by him as the echo of mischief. He came in time to detach the murderer from a deadly conflict which he was entering upon with old Antoine, the head chief of the nation. Doctor Gale was likewise active in quelling the insurrection. Mr. Papin, the resident trader, was present, and he, as well as Mr. Dougherty, addressed the braves in their own language ; and the latter repeated to the chiefs what he had told them in council, that he was satisfied with their conduct, and did not wish them to effect his views at the expense of a single drop of Pawnee blood. While the tranquillity of the village was thus partially settled, the slain captive had been borne off amid the cowardly buffetings of those who ill deserved the name of men, although qualified with the term uncivilized.

When nothing further remained for them to do in the village, the disappointed philanthropists rode slowly out of it. As they proceeded homeward, they saw the body of the murdered captive dragged forward to the head of a ravine that crossed their trace, and a little out of their route, where it was thrown down. To this point a column of about two hundred warriors, garnished with women and children, marched, that each might dip a warclub, or some other weapon, in the blood of the slain, or“ strike” a fallen enemy, an achievement esteemed peculiarly valorous in a red man. It may be proper here to remark, that the captive was still in custody of the Pawnee chiefs when she was slain. Thus the whites were spared the mortification of witnessing her death when under their protection.

The party was about two miles from the village when they were overtaken by the Big Sergeant. He was on foot, and only armed with a bow and arrows, He signified his intention to accompany the agent to the fort, and he was immediately mounted. · He rode as gracefully, and in fewer rags than a Circassian prince would have unfurled, and he encountered the toils of the march with untiring fortitude, particularly at trencher-hours, insomuch as to locate a feast and a famine in the same camp. He returned to his nation laden with presents.

This visit to the Pawnee nation has resulted in the conviction that the moral condition of the Indians has been very little improved by the paternal care of the government of this republic, and by the pious exertions of societies instituted for the

purpose.

That they generally esteem the whites a superior order of beings, appears in all our intercourse with them.

The principal chief of the Pawnee Loups was proud to wear the fatigue-jacket of a private soldier. Beau Red Coat, or Bad Moccasin, acquired additional distinction and influence by appearing in his scarlet and lace, the cast trappings of a musician; but the braves of the nation who were best acquainted with white men were disposed to abolish their ancient religious rites in deference to the opinions of their visiters. It is, however, to be lamented that red men advance so tardily towards civilization. An opinion is gaining ground among those who take the trouble to think on the subject, that to improve materially the condition of Indians, they must be first governed, then civilized, and afterward Christianized.

There is in the Indian character something to approve, much to condemn. No one can regard their intellectual endowments with indifference-many view them with deep interest,

CONSTITUTION

OF THE

STATE OF MISSOURI.

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CONSTITUTION

OF THE

STATE OF MISSOURI.

We, the people of Missouri, inhabiting the limits hereinafter des

ignated, by our representatives in convention assembled, at St. Louis, on Monday, the 12th day of June, 1820, do mutually agree to form and establish a free and independent republic, by the name of THE STATE OF MISSOURI;" and for the government thereof do ordain and establish this constitution.

ARTICLE I.

Of Boundaries. 0 1 Description of the permanent boundaries of the State of Missouri.

We do declare, establish, ratify, and confirm the following as the permanent boundaries of said state, that is to say: "Beginnin, in the middle of the Mississippi river, on the parallel of thirty-s x degrees of north latitude ; thence west, along the said paralles of latitude, to the St. François river; thence up, and following he course of that river, in the middle of the main channel the’eof, to the parallel of latitude of thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes; thence west, along the same, to a point where the said parallel is intersected by a meridian line passing through the niddle of the mouth of the Kanzas river, where the same ensties into the Missouri river; thence, from the point aforesaid, north, along the said meridian line, to the intersection of the parallel of latitude which passes through the rapids of the river Desmoines, making the said line correspond with the Indian boundary-line; thence east, from the point of intersection last aforesaid, along the said parallel of latitude, to the middle of the channel of the main fork of the said river Desmoines ; thence down along the middle of the main channel of the said river Desmoines to the mouth of the same, where it enopties into the Mississippi river; thence due east to the middle of the main channel of the Mississippi river; thence down, and follow

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