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[Schoolcraft.) Also on the banks of Bonne Femme, near New Franklin.--[Compiler.]

Argillaceous slate.--It is found overlaying shale on the Missouri, at La Charbonnière, six miles below St. Charles.—[Dt. Beck.) Also fifteen miles south of Lexington, in Lafayette county.– [Compiler.]

Shale.—On the Missouri, under the above. It rests upon coal, and sometimes alternates with it.—[Dr. Beck.]

Potters' clay.-On the right bank of the Mississippi, commencing at the head of Tywapety bottom, about forty miles above the junction of the Ohio, and extending for thirty-four miles to nearly six miles above the Grand Tower. The stratum varies in thickness from one to ten feet, rests on sandstone, and is covered by shell limestone, containing well-characterized nodules and veins of flint.—[Jessup and Cleveland.] Also at Gray's mine, in Jefferson county, ten feet below the surface of the ground, snow-white, unctuous, becomes plastic by mixture with water, and is infusible in a very high heat.--[Schoolcraft.]

Fullers' earth.On the banks of the Mississippi river, at Tywapety and Bois brulé bottoms, and also near Ste. Genevieve.-[Schoolcraft.]

Reddle-red chalk.—This mineral occurs in a bed of considerable extent in Washington county.- [Schoolcraft.]

Sulphur.-Several springs in the vicinity of Herculaneum are highly impregnated with this mineral. It is deposited on the stones over which the water runs in the form of a yellowish crust. This is also the case at the spring five miles west of St. Louis. -[Dr. Beck.]

Graphite.-In Madison and Washington counties. It occurs in laminæ and nodules, disseminated in iron ore.—[Dr. Beck.]

Coal.- At Florisant, eighteen miles north of St. Louis, and on the Osage river.—[Schoolcraft.] At La Charbonnière, on the Missouri river.—[Dr. Beck.) On Rivière des Pères, in St. Louis, Howard, Cooper, Boone, Monroe, Saline, Lafayette, and almost all the counties of the state.“[Compiler.]

Sulphuret of iron-iron pyrites.-On the branches of the Merrimac, and at several mines in Washington county ; crystal

lized, and in lamellar masses, sometimes interspersed with blende, heavy spar, and galena.—[Schoolcraft.] Also in Pike county, near Louisiana, in globular masses, which are sometimes radiated.- (Dr. Beck.]

Micaceous oxyde of iron. At the Narrows, Madison county, a vein of this ore is found traversing red granite.--[Schoolcraft.]

Compact red oxyde of iron.—On the head waters of Gasconade river.- Schoolcraft.]

Ochrey red oxyde of iron-red ochre.--In Cape Girardeau county, six miles west of the Mississippi river.—[Schoolcraft.)

Sulphuret of lead-galena.-- In the counties of Washington, Ste. Genevieve, St. François, Madison, and Jefferson. Also at St. Louis, and in the vicinity of St. Charles, and on the head waters of the Osage river.- [Jessup.]

Carbonate of lead.-In Missouri, at Mine à Breton. In this situation it is frequently found incrusting galena.—[Schoolcraft.]

Sulphuret of zinc-blende.—This mineral is found associated with sulphuret of lead at the mines in Washington, Jefferson, and St. François counties.-[Dr. Beck.]

Oxyde of manganese.- Near the head of the Merrimac river, accompanying ores of iron.--[Schoolcraft.]

Sulphuret of antimony.--Specimens of this mineral have been found in Washington county.—[Schoolcraft.] 12

LL

POPULATION OF MISSOURI.

Counties.

| Population Population Population. Increase

in 1821. in 1830. in 1836. in 6 years.

Seats of Justice.

Benton
Barry.
Boone
Callaway
Cape Girardeau
Carrol
Chariton
Clay
Clinton
Cole
Cooper
Crawford
Franklin.
Gasconade
Green
Howard
Jackson
Jefferson
Johnson
Lafayette
Lewis .
Lincoln
Madison
Marion
Monroe
Montgomery
Morgan
New Madrid
Perry
Pettis.
Pike
Polk
Pulaski
Randolph
Ralls
Ray
Ripley
Rives
St. François
Ste. Genevieve
St. Charles
St. Louis
Saline
Scott
Shelby
Stoddard
Van Buren
Warren
Washington
Wayne
Total

1,512 Osage.

2,504
3,692 8,859 16,350 7,491 Columbia.
1,797 6,159 9,520

3,361 Fulton.
7,852 7,445 7,852 407|Jackson.

2,122

Carrolton. 1,426 1,780 3,483 1,703 Keytesville. 5,338 8,533 3,195 Liberty.

1,890 Plattsburgh. 1,028 3,023 5,866 2,833 Jefferson. 3,483 5,904 8,376 2,472 Booneville.

1,721 2,026 305 Steelville. 1,928 3,484 5,021 1,537 Union. 1,174 1,545 3,012 1,467 Mount Sterling.

3,841 Springfield. 7,321 10,854 13,773 2,919 Fayette.

2,823 4,522 1,699 Independence. 1,858 2,592 4,650 2,058/Monticello.

2,703 Warrenburgh. 1,340 2,912 4,683 1,771 Lexington.

3,551

Monticello. 1,674 4,059 5,933 1,874 Troy. 1,907 2,371 3,107 736 Fredericktown. 4,837 7,612 2,775 Palmyra.

6,164 Paris. 2,032 3,902 2,891 Danville.

2,807

Versailles. 2,444 2,350 3,300 950/New Madrid. 1,599 3,349 3,803 454 Perryville.

1,878 Georgetown. 2,677 6,129 9,380 3,251 Bowling-green.

2,581 Bolivar.

3,234 2,924 6,409 3,485 Huntsville. 1,684 4,375 4,623 248 New London. 1,789 2,657 6,573 3,916 Richmond.

2,123 Van Buren.

1,543
2,366 3,013 647 Farmington.
3,181 2,186 2,295 109 Ste. Genevieve.
4,058 4,320 5,898 1,578 St. Charles.
8,190 14,125 19,593 5,468 St. Louis.
1,176 2,873 3,421 548 Jonesborough.(a)
2,136 2,991 855 Benton

1,080 Oakdale.
1,744

Castor.
1,238 Democrat.

2,938 Warrenton. 3,741 6,784 6,770

Potosi. 1,614 3,264 2,576 Greenville.

70,647| 140,455 244,208|103,943|

(a) Temporary.

REMARKS.

The census is supposed to have been loosely or inaccurately taken. The time given for this operation, and the slender compensation allowed the sheriffs, would have a tendency to such a result. The emigrants who arrived in the autumn of 1836 generally came too late to be included in the enumeration; and the emigration of this year is known to be far greater than that of any previous year since the adoption of the constitution of Missouri. Many intelligent citizens of the state compute the present population of Missouri at one hundred thousand more than the above table exhibits :

There are in Missouri 40,540 slaves, and

911 free blacks. The slave population has not increased as rapidly as that of the white.

In the foregoing table, showing the increase of the population of counties, the number of inhabitants in some of them appears to have been reduced. This is caused by cutting off inhabited territory from the counties to make new ones.

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