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great distance. A person at such times may easily lose its channel, unless well acquainted with its course. The western bank is generally higher, and much less subject to inundation.”

Sibley, a new town at the site of old Fort Osage, on the Missouri river, in Jackson county. Ste. Genevieve, the seat of justice of the county of the same

This is a pleasant and healthy town, and a place of considerable business. It is one of the places of shipment for the mineral regions of Missouri.

St. John's Creek, a small stream of Franklin county ; it falls into the Missouri ten miles below Newport, and nearly opposite to Marthasville.

St. Lora river, a fine stream of Perry county, falls into the Mississippi at the head of Bois brulé bottom.

St. Louis (city of), the commercial emporium of Missouri, and will be the WESTERN EMPORIUM of trade.

Terre Beau (beautiful earth) Creek, a good mill-stream of Lafayette county, running through Terre Beau grove. This is erroneously called Talbot Creek in Dr. Beck's Gazetteer.

Nothing remains of “ Mount Vernon ;” and “ Lillard county” is changed for Lafayette.

Tavern Creek, a small stream of St. Charles county, falls into the Missouri three miles above the mouth of Femme Osage. A mile below this is a large cave on the right bank of the Missouri, at the foot of cliffs almost perpendicular. The cave is about one hundred feet in length, parallel with the river; forty feet wide, and twenty high. The voyagers gave the name of Tavern to this cave, on account of the shelter it had afforded them in their voyages. The walls of this cave contain many

inscriptions of names, and rude pictures of birds and beasts, the latter of which are the works of red men.

Tiger Creek, a small stream of Ray county, runs a southwest course, and empties into the Missouri two hundred and seventysix miles above its mouth.

Troy (formerly Woods's Fort) is the county-seat of Lincoln, and a place of considerable business. It is situate near the centre of the county.

Village Creek, a small stream of Madison county. There is good land along its banks.

Wyaconda rivers. There are two considerable streams in Missouri with this name ; one falls into the Missouri in Carrol county, and the other empties into the Mississippi, about the middle of the east line of Lewis county. At the mouth of each of these streams there is a good town-site. Situations, however, of this kind are more liable to be sickly. There was a tradition among the Sioux, which established the belief in the nation that their deity, Wyaconda, had taken up his abode near the mouth of this stream. The sudden death of two warriors there, without any apparent cause, produced this impression.

White river, a large navigable stream that rises in the mountainous country between the Missouri and Mississippi, and falls into the latter river about seventy or eighty miles below the mouth of St. François river.

White Water Creek, a considerable mill-stream in Cape Girardeau county, which rises in the northern part of the county, and, running through it southwardly, forms one of the principal head branches of the St. François river.

Wyer's Creek, a small stream in Cole county, that empties into the Missouri at Jefferson city, the seat of government of the state.

Niangua river, one of the large tributaries of the Osage, falls into it on the right side. This stream heads up in the direction of Springfield, the seat of justice of Green county.

CATALOGUE OF MINERALS.

Nitrate of potash-saltpetre.--This mineral is found in abundance in several caverns on the Merrimac and Current rivers.[Schoolcraft.] Also in similar situations, near Ashley's powdermills, on the Gasconade, one hundred miles west of St. Louis. --[Dr. Beck.]

Muriate of soda-common salt.--Salt springs are found in almost every part of the state. The most extensive works are situated near Franklin, Herculaneum, and Ste. Genevieve.- [Dr. Beck.] In the Booneslick hills, at several springs in Saline, and in Cooper county.-- [The compiler.]

Sulphate of barytes-heavy spar.-In Washington, Jefferson, and St. François counties, where it forms the gang of the lead ore. It has also been found in small quantities in St. Louis, accompanying the same ore. The specimen which I saw was obtained from a well which had been recently dug, about twelve or fifteen feet below the surface of the earth. This mineral is also found on the Gasconade river, and in the northern part of the state.- [Dr. Beck.]

Calcareous spar.-In the mine districts it occurs in white or honey-yellow transparent masses, in red, marly clay. At Bryan's mines it forms the matrix of the lead ore.—[Schoolcraft.]

Compact limestone.—This constitutes the basis rock at St. Louis, and other places on the Mississippi. It is of a grayish blue colour, and is filled with shells.-- [Dr. Beck.)

Chalk.-On the banks of the Mississippi, in Cape Girardeau county.-[Schoolcraft.)

Calcareous sinter.-Beautiful specimens are found in caverns about one mile and a half south of St. Louis. In one of these

there is a stalactite of upwards of three feet in diameter, extending from the roof to the floor.- [Dr. Beck.]

Sulphate of lime--gypsum.-In Missouri, the cliffs on the Kanzas river frequently consist of solid strata of this mineral. [Brackenridge.] On Blue Water Creek, in Jackson county.[Lewis and Clark.] On the Femme Osage, about forty miles from St. Charles, in compact masses.-[Schoolcraft.]

Sulphate of alumine and potash_alum.—In a cave in Bellevue, Washington county, where it is found effloresced.—[Schoolcraft.)

Common quartz.-On the south bank of White river, where it occurs in large masses.—[Schoolcraft.]

Yellow quartz-citrine.—On the banks of the Mississippi, between Cape Girardeau and St. Louis, Missouri, where it occurs in rolled masses, varying in colour from pale orange yellow to yellowish red.-[Schoolcraft.]

Radiated quartz.—This variety is very abundant in Washington and St. François counties. It is found in the soil in masses of different sizes, and is called by the inhabitants mineral blossom, from its being supposed, erroneously, however, to indicate the presence of lead ore.- -[Dr. Beck.]

Granular quartz.-Eight miles nearly west of Ste. Genevieve. It is white, friable, and falls into transparent grains.—[Schoolcraft.] On the banks of the Mississippi river, a few miles above Ste. Genevieve, and in Montgomery county.--[Dr. Beck.]

Ferruginous quartz.-On the banks of the Merrimac river, and on Mine à Breton Creek, in rolled masses of a deep red colour, possessing a flinty hardness and vitreous lustre.—[Schoolcraft.]

Chalcedony.On the banks of the Mississippi, at Herculaneum ; also at Establishment Creek, in Ste. Genevieve county. Its colour is milk white, yellowish white, or brownish yellow; sometimes spotted, zoned, or dentritic. Also in Washington county, where it appears in concentric bluish white layers, invested with crystals of radiated and mammillary quartz.-- [Schoolcraft.] In amorphous masses on the banks of the Missouri, near St. Charles.—[Dr. Beck.]

Carnelion.-On the banks of Mississippi, at Herculaneum and

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St. Louis, and on the Missouri at St. Charles, in rolled, brown, red, and yellow masses.- [Dr. Beck.]

Opalized wood.--On the banks of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, at St. Louis and St. Charles.-[Dr. Beck.]

Flint.-On the banks of the Mississippi near Cape Girardeau, in nodules and veins, or strata embraced in a horizontal bed of -white clay.-[Jessup and Cleveland.] Also at St. Louis, in the secondary limestone, in nodules and veins.—[Dr. Beck.]

Hornstone.—This mineral is continually found on the banks of the Mississippi and Missouri, imbedded in the secondary limestone.-[Dr. Beck.]

Agatized wood.-On the banks of the Mississippi at Herculaneum, St. Louis, and St. Charles, accompanying jasper and carnelion.-- [Dr. Beck.]

Buhrstonemillstone.-On Osage and Gasconade rivers, in various places.--[Compiler.]

Jasper.-In Missouri, in the bed of Cave Creek, near the head of Current river, in a stratum of secondary limestone.--[ Schoolcraft.] Also in rolled masses of different colours on the banks of the Mississippi and Missouri, at St. Louis and St. Charles, accompanying agatized wood and carnelion.—[Dr. Beck.]

Onyx agate.This variety of agate is found on the west bank of Establishment Creek, eight miles from Ste. Genevieve, on the road to Potosi. It occurs in bluish white, pale blue, and dark blue masses, on the surface of the ground, and also associated with chalcedony and hornstone.—[Schoolcraft.]

Pumice.—This mineral floats down the Missouri, and is found deposited on the sand-bars at St. Louis and St. Charles.—[Dr. Beck.]

Shorl.-Ill-defined crystals of this mineral are found in certain granitic aggregates in Madison county, Missouri.—[Schoolcraft.]

Feldspar.–Flesh-red crystals of this mineral are found imbedded in greenstone on St. François river, at a place called Narrows, in Madison county, Missouri.- [Schoolcraft.]

Steatite-soapstone.-In Missouri it is found in the vicinity of old Fort Mason, of a yellow and green colour intermixed.

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