« 上一頁繼續 »
cation of the seat of justice at Georgetown, in the spring of 1836, within a few months twenty houses have been nearly completed, and materials for a brick courthouse are in an advanced state of preparation. The business men are many of them preparing to remove to this place. The two large springs at Georgetown supply excellent water, in quantity sufficient for a large town. Although there are no salt-springs deserving the name in the county of Pettis, an abundant supply of salt is procured from Heath's and from Howe's salt-works, in Saline, only fifteen miles from the centre of Pettis. The good quality of the soil of this county, together with other numerous advantages, form a combination of attractions which have peopled the county very densely with an excellent class of citizens, who are now in easy circumstances, and may, with moderate exertion, acquire as great an amount of riches as avarice could pray for, or honest thrift desire. The county is well watered with springs for many farming locations ; and the stock-water is everywhere sufficient. The face of the country is rolling, and furnishes many sheltered situations for the protection of stock against storms, that sometimes blow vehemently in exposed prairie situations, in a country less undulating. The soil being well adapted to the cultivation of wheat, as well as all the crops of this latitude, which is about the parallel of St. Louis (differing, perhaps, half a degree), the time is not distant when there will be an extensive market created for this stáple by the erection of merchant-mills on the sites in the county which are now unimproved. This county was named after a representative of the people of Missouri, whose chivalric end has been much deplored since he fell in a personal conflict with another valuable and highly honourable citizen, Major Biddle, who survived him only a day.
PIKE COUNTY. The Revised Statutes of Missouri set forth the boundaries of this county as beginning at the northeast corner of Lincoln county, and running thence west with the northern boundary of Lincoln county to the range line between ranges two and three west; thence south with said line to the township line between townships fifty and fifty-one north ; thence west to the
range line between ranges four and five west; thence in a
direct line to the southeast corner of section sixteen, in township fifty-four, range five west of the fifth principal meridian ; thence in a direct line to the point on the Mississippi river, where the township line between townships fifty-five and fifty-six strikes the said Mississippi river; thence due east to the middle of the main channel of said river; thence down said river, in the main channel thereof, to the place of beginning.
About two thirds of this county was originally timbered with walnut, linn, hackberry, sugar-tree, elm, ash, and black and white oak. The underwood is spice, hazel, &c. One third of the land of the county of Pike is prairie, and of excellent quality. Limestone, soapstone, sandstone, and something resembling the French buhrstone, abound in Pike The lost stone is likewise found in the county, and used in grinding to advantage in country work. The springs in this county are numerous, and furnish good water; the streams are clear, with gravel bottoms. The water-courses of Pike are, Green's Creek, Big and Little Ramsey's Creeks, the two Calumets, Buffalo, Niox (or Zeno), Pero, Grarey, Sugar Creek, and Spencer Creek. Salt river runs through the north end of the county. There are several forks of the Cuivre which are streams of superior force for saw and grist mills. There are in Pike four steam-mills for the manufacture of flour, two of which have saw-mills attached to them. Some of these merchant-mills are capable of making fifty barrels of flour per diem. There is one wind-mill near Bowling-green which is said to do a good business. There are eight saw-mills, propelled by the power of water, in this county. Much grinding of grist is performed with horse-power, which implies a deficiency in the application of water-power, with which the county abounds. The farming products of the county of Pike are hemp, tobacco, wheat, and corn; these are the staples. Rye, oats, clover, timothy, Hurd's-grass, and blue-grass succeed well here. 'The meadow-grasses are better in Pike, and in all the northern parts of Missouri, than in Kentucky. The exports from this county are pork, tobacco, hemp, wheat, and flour ; butter, lard, cattle, mules, and horses. There is a considerable trade carried on between the region of country including Pike, and the counties
adjoining, and the lead-mines on the Upper Mississippi, in all kinds of provisions and stock produced by the farmers, except horses and mules. These are driven south for the use of cotton and sugar planters, and the inhabitants of the planting regions generally. Very few discoveries have been made in minerals in Pike county. The salt water of the Buffalo lick, about three miles from Louisiana, on the Mississippi, New lick, not far from Salt river, and Elk lick, on Spencer Creek, are the salines of the county. At an early period salt was made at Buffalo Creek, but it has not latterly been worked. Elk lick has attained some celebrity for its medical properties, and is a place of resort for persons afflicted with various infirmities. This spring, when better known, will probably become a place of resort for the gay and fashionable world, as well as the afflicted portion of the human family. The owners of this spring, Judge Melvin and Messrs. Wrights of Palmyra, are making improvements there for the accommodation of visiters. There are other licks in the county of less notoriety, but of considerable value in stock-raising. The correspondent who contributes the particulars in the description of this county very justly remarks of the inhabitants of Pike, “They are industrious, economical, and consequently prosperous ; owing but few debts, money among them scarcely ever commands a higher interest than ten per cent. per annum.
CLARKSVILLE and LOUISIANA are situate upon the Mississippi, about twelve miles apart. The latter is at the mouth of Salt river, the former lower down. Both are improving, and in them property is rising.
PAINESVILLE is situate about eight miles from Clarksville, in the direction to Troy, in Lincoln county.
BOWLING-GREEN is southwest from Louisiana about ten or twelve miles, and is the county-seat of Pike. This town is situate on an arm of Grand prairie, and on the state road from St. Charles to Palmyra.
ASHLEY is a place on the waters of Cuivre.
FRANKFORT is a town that was laid out many years ago, on the main road from Louisiana to New London, in Rall's county, and the road from Bowling-green to Palmyra passes through this place.
In conclusion, justice to the county of Pike requires some general remarks upon the many advantages comprised within its limits, and along the borders of the county. The Mississippi, washing its shores for a distance of forty miles, affords landings for shipment near at hand for an infinite number of farmers; and the high-pressure hints that are daily given by the passing steamers, form such incitements as are not immediately seen and felt far off from navigable water. The Salt river, likewise, extends the facility of shipment on both banks, in the distance of about eighteen miles which it runs through the county. The great variety of farming products, and the facilities for sending these to market, with ordinary industry must speedily enrich all the citizens of Pike, who add diligence to the liberal gifts of Nature and the practical illustrations of the arts, already acting as their auxiliaries. The period has already arrived when the cultivation of the mind, as well as the soil, is engaging the grave consideration of the people in this quarter of Missouri. The next step, in the application of a part of the surplus, will naturally compass the elegances of polished life.
The “ Salt River Journal,” a valuable paper, is printed at Bowling-green.
Polk County has the following boundaries : beginning on the line between ranges seventeen and eighteen, two miles south of the township line between townships thirty-one and thirty-two; thence west to the range line between ranges twenty-six and twenty-seven ; thence north to the township line between townships thirty-six and thirty-seven; thence east to the range line between ranges seventeen and eighteen; thence south along the same to the beginning.
BOLIVAR, the seat of justice of Polk county, is located at the farm of Mr. Gunter, near to the centre of the county, and on the main road from Booneville to Springfield in Green county. The Pomme de Terre, a considerable stream, Sac river, and Niangua river, all rise in Green, the county adjoining Polk on the south, and run through the latter in their course towards the Osage, of which they are tributaries. Upon these streams there are many good settlements, on good soil, well proportioned in
timber and prairie. These streams water the county liberally, and afford many good mill-sites. The Three Mound prairie in this county is rich and beautifully rolling. The country on Sac river, a considerable portion of which lies within Polk county, has for many years been known as one of those points of attraction to which emigrants have been moving with high hopes and fair prospects. The northeast corner of Polk county is not more than thirty miles from the Osage river, and opposite a point from which it is navigable for keel-boats six months in the year; and it is the opinion of most of the inhabitants who are interested in it, that the Osage river will be regularly navigated as high as Benton county-seat by small steamboats, whenever a surplus of produce shall attract them. In the meantime, the produce that is not required for home consumption is sent down in flat-boats, of the same form as those which float on the Ohio and Mississippi.
PULAski County boundaries “begin at the mouth of Niangua river, where the same empties into the Osage river; thence north to the middle of the main channel of the Osage river ; thence up said river to the point where the range line between ranges seventeen and eighteen crosses said river ; thence south with said line to the township line between townships twenty-seven and twenty-eight ; thence east with said township line to range line between ranges eight and nine west ; thence north with said range line to the township line between townships thirty-three and thirty-four north ; thence northwardly with the dividing ridge between the waters of Big Piney and Little Piney to the Gasconade river ; thence down said river to the middle of range ten west; thence north through the middle of range ten west to the township line between townships thirty-nine and forty, being the southern boundary of Gasconade county ; thence west with said township line to the centre of the main channel of Osage river ; thence up said river to the point of beginning."
The main and middle branch of Niangua river rises in Green county, and, running through Polk and bending into Pulaski, empties into the Osage at the corner of Pulaski county. Another branch of this river rises in Polk, and a third in Pulaski county.