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the sale, of seeds and plants, it is expected that every inquiry should be promptly and correctly answered, in good humor, and as part of the trade. This it is always pleasant to do when there is not a press of business ; but sometimes it is rather trying. This book, therefore, may be said to have been partly written in self-defence, or, more properly speaking, to give all needed instructions deliberately and correctly, instead of doing it in a hurry. The low price of the book will bring it within the reach of almost every person. It was thought desirable to bring to notice many

of our beautiful indigenous plants and shrubs, as worthy of cultivation. A handsome flower-garden may be made of these alone; many of thein are within the reach of every one, and may be obtained without money and without price. The care and trouble is all the outlay, and this may be offset by the pleasure derived in col. lecting them from the fields, woods, or meadows.

The time of flowering and directions for sowing seeds, hardiness, &c., correspond to the meridian of Boston ; but those in different latitudes will find no difficulty in making the proper allowance for the difference in location.

The plan of this work was devised twenty years ago, and more than three hundred pages of closely written letter-paper prepared for it; but it was found, in the diffuse manner in which it was commenced, that it would require a thousand pages to complete it, and, as other business interfered, it was abandoned. In looking over this old manuscript, I found that so many new plants had been introduced, and such improvements had been made in numerous species, that it would be of but little use in this work. It was, however, to some small extent, incorporated into it. Many articles on various subjects have appeared, from time to time, in the Horticultural Register, New England Farmer, and the Horticulturist, either with my own signature or initials, or under some fictitious one. These communications have been revised, discarding what did not agree with present experience, or opinion, and making such alterations and additions as the progress in foriculture demanded; and these have afforded material for this book. With few exceptions, I have been as familiar with the plants described as with household friends, and believe the directions given will not lead any one astray. I do not claim all as original, having culled from a great variety of books and periodicals, English and American. To Loudon's Encyclopedia of Plants, and other works, I am indebted for the history of many plants, and the origin of their generic or specific names. Mr. Emerson's excellent work on the “ Trees of Massachusetts” has assisted me in the description of many shrubs and trees; to whom credit has been given in the body of the work. Dr. T. W. Harris's treatise, on the “ Insects of Massachusetts Injurious to Vegetation,” has furnished me with the history and habits of the Rose-Bug and other insects. Extracts have been made from Downing's " Horticulturist,” from Parsons, “ On the Rose," and hints from “ Hovey's Magazine," and from various other books and periodicals.

For the poetry interspersed throughout this volume, I have drawn largely on "Flora Domestica," a pleasant English work.

In the directions for making walks, laying box edgings, &c., I am indebted to an experienced gardener, and to Mr. McMahon's old work on gardening, in connection with my own experience and observation.

J. B. Boston, Feb. 14, 1851.

PREFACE
TO THE NEW EDITION.

Five years have passed since the author very hastily penned the first edition of his Book of Flowers. The work was originally designed to be embraced in two hundred pages; but it was found impossible to treat of all the plants which were to be brought to notice, with even a brief description of their habits, modes of culture, &c., in so limited a space. It was, therefore, extended to three hundred and thirty-six pages. But, with this extension, many things were necessarily omitted, to make the work complete. One great omission was, a chapter on the cultivation of plants in the parlor, of which the author has very often been reminded by female amateurs from every part of the country. In this edition the ladies will find the desired instruction; for which, if they are more succes:ful in consequence of the hints thrown out, the author will feel himself amply rewarded.

Many new and beautiful plants for the flower-garden have been introduced since this work was written, and many old standard varieties have been so much improved, that those formerly highly prized are now thrown aside and rejected.

I shall give a brief notice of those that may be thought desirable for open culture. Some trees and plants, that were hopefully spoken of as probably enduring this northern climate, and have not succeeded, will be noted.

The author feels under great obligations for the favorable notices which have been given of this work by the public press, and particularly to numerous individuals from every part of the country, who, in their private communications, have spoken of it in high terms, as being a work very much needed, and as meeting the wants of young amateurs.

GENERAL INDEX.

Pag

.

Annuals, cultivation of,

sowing seed of,

descriptive list of,
Biennials, culture of,

descriptive list of,
Bulbous roots, general cultivation of,

descriptive list of, &c.,
Bulbs, directions for flowering in glasses,
Flowers, the importance of their cultivation,

selecting for the flower-garden,

old-fashioned do.,
Flower-garden, laying out, .
Flowering plants, selection of,
Edging, best plants for, and laying,
Evergreen trees, descriptive list of,
Garden walks, how to construct,
Herbaceous plants, how to propagate,

descriptive list of,
Insects injurious to the rose, &c.,
Lawns, mode of constructing,
Native plants recommended,
Perennials, cultivation of,

propagation of,

descriptive list of,
Rock-work, remarks on,
Rose, 267 ; soil for, 274; planting, 276 ; pruning, 277 ; propagation of,

278 ; tree,
Rose, China, Tea, and Noisette, 284 ; musk, Macartney, microphylla,

285 ; summer, 286; everblooming, Bourbon, 283 ; remontant,
282; moss, 286 ; climbing, 288; Boursalt, 289; prairie, 289;
Ayrshire, 290 ; multiflora, 292; Gerarde's account of, 292; to

obtain odors from,
Rose Slug, 327 ; remedy for,

Bug,

Chafer,
Saw-fly,
Shrubs, on the cultivation of deciduous and evergreen,

proper season for planting,
soil and situation for,

descriptive list of,
Thrips, or vine-fretters,
Whale-oil soap,

. 161

33
44
34
44
82
13
25
28
17
25
23
308
20
35
85
327
31
26
33
36
85
30

280

293
. 331
. 333

333
. 328

40
41

42
. 216

332
. 332

BULBOUS-ROOTED PLANTS.
Amaryllis,

46 | Bulbs, directions for flowering in
Anemone,
. 44 glasses,

. S2
description of a fine double

Corn Flag,
one,

45 Crown Imperial,
soil, situation, and plant- Crocus,

. 47
ing,
45 Dahlia, .

. 47
Bulbous-rooted plants, descriptive

propagation of,

48
list of,

preparation of soil for,
Bulbous perennials,

34
preserving roots,

50

• 54
. 52

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PERENNIAL, BIENNIAL, HERBACEOUS, BORDER, AND OTHER

. 109
• 149
. 123
• 124

.

. 109

. 116
117

FLOWERS,
Achillea,
85 Coreopsis,

. 106
Aconitum,
85 Corydalis,

108
Actæa,
86 Cynoglossum,

. 109
Adam's Needle,

. 159 Cyprepedium,
Adonis,

87 Cowslip,
Alyssum,

87 Dame's Violet,
Althæa,

87 Day Lily,
Anemone,
90 Daisya

97
Amsonia,

91 Delphinium,
Antirrhinum,
91 Dianthus,

. 111
Aquilegia,
92 Dictamnus,

. 115
Armeria,

93 Digitalis,
Aster,

93 Dodecatheon,
Asclepias,
94 Dog's-tooth Violet,

. 118
Auricula,
. 148 Dracocephalum,

. 117
Balm,

. 136 Dragon's-head, .
Baptisia,

96 Epilobium,
Bellis, .

97 Erythronium,
Bell flower,
97 Euphorbia,

. 119
Bitter Vetch,

. 138 Eupatorium,
Bloodroot, .

. 152 Evening Primrose,
Blue Catananche,

. 100 | Everlasting Pea,
Buttercup,
. 150 Feverfew,

150
Canterbury Bells,

98 Fleur-de-luce,
Candytuft,

. 126 Foxglove,
Cardinal Áower,

129 Fraxinella,
Cardamine,
. 100 Funkia,

125
Carnation Pink,

. 112 Fumitory,
Cassia
. 100 Garden Rocket,

. 123
Catananche,

100 Gentiana,
Cantua,

. 120 Gerardia,
Chelone,

. 102 Geranium,
Chrysanthemum,

. 101 Globe Flower,
China Pink,

114 Golden Rod,
Clematis,

. 103 Glycine,
Columbine,

· 92 Ground-nut,
Convallaria,

. 105 Hepatica,
Coronilla,

106. Hesperis,

117
. 118
118

. 119
. 137
• 128

. 126
. 116
. 115

. 103

120
• 120
• 122
155
. 153
. 121
121
• 123
. 123

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