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And pass'd upou his conscience

And Providence enough to run By pre-entail of Providence ;


The chief commanders of them down, Impeach'd the rest for Reprobates,

But carry'd on the war against That had no titles to estates,

The conimon enemy o' th’ Saints, But by their spiritual attaints

And in a while prevailed so far,

125 Degraded from the right of Saints.

To win of them the game of war,
This being reveal'd, they now begun 75 And be at liberty once more
With law and conscience to fall on,

T' attack themselves as they 'ad before.
And laid about as hot and brain-fick

For now there ivas no foc in arms As th' Utter barrister of Swanswick;

T'unite their factions with alarms, Engag'd with money-bags, as bold

But all reduc d and overcome, As men with sand-bags did of old,

80 Except ibeir worst, themielves, at home, That brought the lawyers in more fees

Who’ad compass'd all they pray'd and iwore, Than all unlınctify'd Trustees;

And fought, and preach'd, and plunder'd forg Till he who had no more to show I'th' cause, receiv'd the overthrow ; Or, both sides having had the worst,

85 They parted as they met at firit. Poor Presbyter was now reduc d,

“ abused it very much; but, thanks be to G Secluded, and cashier'd, and chous'd!

“ it was to their own ruin. Turn'd out, and excommunicate

“ But now that I spoke of kings, the quelfina From all affairs of Church and State,

“ is, Whether by the big ber powers, are 12* Reform'd t'l a reformado Saint,

" kings or commoners? Truly, beloved, it is a And glad to turn itinerant,

very great question among those that are To Itroll and teach from town to town,

“ learned : for may not every one that can read And thofe he had taught up teach down,

“ obierve, that Paulípeaks in the plural number, And make thote uses terve again

" big her powers & Now had he meant fubje&tion to Against the new enlightend men,

a king, he would have faid, “ Let every tim As fit as when at first they were

“ be subject to the big ber pore,” if he had mezReveal'd against the Cavalier ;

one man; but by this you see he meant Damn Anabaptist and Fanatic

than one: he bid uyó be fubiect to tbe hize As pat as Popith and Prelatic ;

porvers," that is, the Council of State, the Hai And with as little variation,

or of Communs, and the Army." Ib. p. 3. ! To serve for any fett i th' nation,

This, however, is now well known to be The Good old Cause, whiclı fome believe

importure. N. To be the devil that tempted Eve With knowledge, and does still invite 105

When in the Humble Petition there was inferis. The world to mischiet with New Light,

an article against public preachers being men Had store of money in her purse,

bers of Parliament, Oliver Cromwell excesie. When he took her for better or worse ;

against it expressly ; “ Because he (he luid But now was growii deform'd and poor,

one, and divers officers of the army, by w And fit to be turn’d out of dooor.

much good had been done-and therefore it The Independents (whose firat station 6 fired they would explain their article." (Hursi Was in the rear of Reformation,

Chronicle, p. 403.) A mongrel kind of Church-dragoons,

Ib.! Sir Roger L'Estrange obferves (RE That serv'd for horse and foot at unce,

upon Poggius's Fable of the Husband, Wifi, unde And in the saddle of one steed

115 For her, part I. fab. 357.) upon the pretti The Saracen and Christian rid;

saints of those times, “That they did not fet : Were free of every spiritual order,

“ ftep, in the whole tract of this iniquits, w*. To preach, and fight, and pray, and murder) “ out fecking the Lord firit, and go.135 up lubNo sooner got the start, to lurcii

" quire of the Lord, according to the cant ; Both disciplines of War and Church,

" those day»; which was no other than to E " God the author of fin, and to impute the buc

“ eft practices of hell to the inipiration of 13 Ver.78.] W. Prynne, a voluminous writer. Holy Ghost.” Ver. 118.] The officers and soldiers among the It was with this pretext of seeking the Late Independents got into pulpits, and preachei and prayer, that Cromwell, Ireton, Harris, 2, prayed as well as fought. Oliver Cromwell was other of the Regicides, cajoled Genera. F1.81 fam'd for a preacher, and has a sermon * in who was determined to rescue the King from tk. print, intituled, Cromweli's Larned, Devcut, and ecution, giving orders to have it speedily done 2 Conscientious Exercije, beld at Sir Peter Temple's in Lin when they had notice that it was over, pertesa. coln's Irin-fields, upon Rom. xiii. 1. in which are the the General that this was a fnil return of por; following towers of rhetoric: “ Deariy beloved } and, God having fu manifested his pet “ brethren and fifters, it is true, this text is a they ought to acquicíce in it. (Perenctaj: L. “ malignant one; the wicked and ungodly have of King Charles I.)






Subdued the Nation, Church, and State,

No sooner was one blow diverted, And all things but their laws and hate;

But up another party

Narted! But when they came to treat and transact,

And, as if Nature, too, in haste And Ihare the spoil of all they’ad ransackt, To furnith out fupplies as fait,

190 Ti, botch up what they ’ad torn and rent,

Before her time had turn d destruction Religion and the Government,

140 T'a new and numerous production ; They met no sooner but prepar'd

No fooner thote were overcome, To pull down all the warhad ipar'd;

But up rofe others in their room, Agreed in nothing, but, t'abolith,

That, like the Christain faith, increast 195 Subvert, extirpate, and demolish

The more, the more they were supprest; For knaves and fools being near of kin, 145

Whom neither chains, nor transportation, As Dutch boors are t' a footerkin,

Profcription, fale, or confifcation, Both parties join d to do their beit

Nor all the defperate events To danın the public interest,

Of former try'd experimients, And lerded only in consults,

Nor wounds, could terrify, nor mangling, To put by one another's bolts;

150 To leave off loyalty and dangling, In out-cant the Babylonian labourers,

Nor Death (with all his bones) affright At all their dialects of jabberers,

From venturing to maintain the right, And tug at both ends of the law,

From staking life and fortune down 205 To tear down government and law.

| 'Gainst all together, tor the Crown; For as two cheats, that play one game,


But kept the title of their cause Are both defeated of their aim ;

From forfeiture, like claims in laws; So those who play a game of state,

And prov'd no prosperous usurpation And only cavil in debate,

Can ever fettle on the nation ; Although there's nothing loft nor won,

Until, in spite of force and treason, The public business is undone ;

160 They put their loyalty in polfellion; Which still the longer 'tis in doing, I

And, by their constancy and faith, Becomes the surer way to ruin.

Destroy the mighty men of Gath. This when the Royalists perceivid,

Tofs'd in a furious hurricane,

215 (Who to their faith as firmly cleavid

Did Oliver give up his reign,
And own'd the right they had paid down 165
So dearly for, the Church and Crown)
They' united constanter, and fided

Ver. 201, 202.) The brave spirit of loyalty The more, the more their foes divided ;

was not to be suppressed by the most barbarous For though out-number'd, overthrown,

and inhuman ufage. There are several remarkAud by the fate of war run down,

170 able instances upon record ; as that of the gala Their duty never was defeated,

lant Marquis of Montrose, the loyal Mr. GerNor from their oaths and faith retreated;

rard, and Mr. Vowel, in 1654 ; of Mr. Penrud. For loyalty is still the same,

dock, Grove, and others, who suffered for sheir Whether it win or lose the game;

loyalty at Exeter, 1654-5; vf Captain Reynolds, True as the dial to the fun,

175 who had been of the King's party, and, when he Alihough it be not thin'ct upon.

was going to be turned off the ladder, cried, But when there Brethren in evil,

God bless King Charics; Vive le Roy; of Dalgelly, Their adversaries, and the devil,

0:1e of Montrofe's party, who being sentenced Begin once more to thew them play,

to be beheaded, and being brought to the scátfold, And hopes, at least, to have a day,


ran and killed it, and, without any speech or They rally'd in parades of woods,

ceremony, laid down his liead upon the block, And nnfrequented folitudes;

and was beheaded; of the bravc Sir Robert Conven'd at midnight in outhouses,

Spotiswood ; of Mr. Courtney, and Mr. PortT'appoint new-rising 'endezvoufes,

man, who were committed to the Tower the beAnd, with a pertinacy' uumatch'd,

185 ginning of February 1657, for difperting among For new recruits of danger watch'd.

the foldiers what were then called feditious books and pamphlets.

Nor ought the loyalty of the fix countries of Ver. 163.) What a lasting nionument of fame North Wales to be paired over in filence, who has our Poet railed to the Royalists! What mes nerer addretled or petitioned during the Usurrited praises does he bestow on their unthaken pation; nor the common foldier mentioned in faith and loyalty ! How happily does he applaud the Oxford Diurnal, firit Weck, P. 6.

See more their constancy and sufferings! If any thing can in the story of the Importinent Sheriff, L'Eft:ange's be a compensation to those of that party, who met Fables, part II. fab. 205. Mr. Butier, or Mr. with unworthy disregard and neglect after the Prynne, speaking of the gallant behaviour of the Restoration, it must be this never-uying eulogy. Loyalists, lays, “ Other nations would have caButler, alas! was one of that unfortunate nuni. « noniz'd for martyrs, and crected statues after ber.

" their death, to the memory of some of oui

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And was believ'd as well by Saints

Who, in a false erroneous dream, As mortal men and mifcieants,

Miltook the New Jerusalem In founder in the Stygian ferry,

Pr fanely for th' apocryphal
Until he was retriev'd by Sterry;

False Heaven at the end o'thHail;
Whither it was decreed by Fate

His precious reliques to translate :
" compatriots, whom ye have b.irbarously defac So Roniulus was seen before
6 d ,ind mangled, yet alive, for no other mo.

By' as orthodox a fenator, live than their undaunted zeal."

From whofe divine illumination per 215, 216.] At Oliver's death was a most He tole the pagan revelation, {11 0915 tempeft, such as had not been known in

Next him his son and heir apparent !!! nt nory of man, or hardly ever recorded to Succeeded, though a lame vicegerent, nye tien in this nation. It is observed, in a

Who first laid by the Parliament, track 1tuled, No Feol to the old Foil, L'Enrange's The only crutch on which he leant, 1play p. 39. “ Tliat Oliver, after a long course And then funk underneath the State, Gnie fon, inurder, facrilege, perjury, rapine,

That rode him above horfeman's weight. (i < c. finite i lis accurled life in agony and

fury, and without any mark of true repen

I unce." Though most of our historians mention Ver. 23°, 252.) Oliver's eldest son, Ricael, the hurricane at his death, yet few take notice was by him, before his death, declared his te oi ihe storm in the northern counties, that day ceffor; and, by order of the Privy Council, jo tre Houte of Peers ordered the digging up his claimed Lord Protector, and received the ca carc. 14, with other regicides The author of the pliments o congratulation and condolence, a Parley but wein the Ghet of sbe late Protector and the same time, from the Lord Mayor and Court King of Szvodna in Hell, 16:0, p. 19. .merrily ob Aldermen; and addresles were presented to serves: “That he was even so turbulent and fediti. from all parts of the nation, promising to sta

ous there, that he was chain'd, by way of punith. by liini with their lives and fortunes. He it “ ment, in the general piffing-place next the moned a parliament to meet at Weitman “ cout-dooi, will a trict charge that nobody which recognized him Lord Protector ; yet, “ tinit made w::of these bouts should piss any with standing, Fleetwood, Desborough, and "i where but againit his body."

partizans, managed affairs so, that he was ob Ver. 220.] The news of Oliver's death being ed to relign. brought to those who were met to pray for bim, What opinion the world had of him we les Mr. Peter Sterry food 'ip, and defire: them no: from Lord Clarendon's account of his sidit in to be troubled; “ For (jaid lic) this is gond to the Prince of Conti at Pezenas; who rece

news, because it he wac of use to the people him civilly, as he did all strangers, and partie “ of God when he was amongit us, he will be lariy the English ; and, after a few word: “ much more so now, being afcensed into hta knowing who he was) the Prince began to

ven, at the right hand of Jesus Christ, there to course of the affairs of England, and are not 66 intercede for us, and to be mindful of usi.pon questions concerning the king, and whether « all occasions." Dr. South make mention of an men were quiet, and submilied obediently soal Independent divine, ( Sermons, Vol. I. iermon which the other anivered according to the ji: p. 102.) who, when Oliver Wys fich, of "Well, said the Prince, Oliver; thoughts which fickness he died, declared, “ That God a traitor and a villain, was a brave icilow, & revealed to him that he should recover, and live great parts, great courage, and was worth " thirty years longer; for that God had raised « command: but for that Richard, that cxc 4 him up for a work which could not be done " coquin, poltroon, he was surely the waist “ in less time : but Oliver's death being publish.

li low alive.

What is become of that fool: " ed two days after, the faid divine publicly, " is it poflible he could be such a lot?' He " in his prayers, expoftulated with God the de- swered, " That he was betrayed by the “ feat of his prophecy in these words, “Thou hast * most trusted, and had been most obliged tal lied unto us ; yea, thou haft lied unto us." father.” So being weary of his visit, he calci

So familiar were those wretches with God Al- took his leave, and next morning eft the for mighty, that Dr. Echard observes of one of them, out of fear that the Prince might know th:1 “ That he pretended to have got such an interest was the very fool and coxcomb he had menad “ in Chrift, and such an exact knowledge of af od sa kindly; and tivo days after tbe Prince $ fairs above, that he could tell the people that come to know who he was buat he tato:16 “ he had jult before received an expreis from so weil. Clarendon's Hiftory of tbe Robes, " Jesus upon fuch a business, and that the ink III. p. 519. See a curious anecdote of Raba 56 was scarce dry upon the paper."

Cromwell in Dr. Maty's Memoirs of Lord Che Ver. 224.] After the Reitoration Oliver's bo- terfield. dy was dug up, and his head set up at the farther Ver. 237.) A (neer upon the Committee end of weitminite: -hall; near which place there Satery, amongst whom was Sir Henry Vaze, ne is an houie of enţertainment, which is commonly (as Lord Clarendon observes) was a period known by the name of Hiaven.

çnțhufiaft, and without doubt did believe bi

And now the Saints began their reign, Some for the Rump; and fomc, more crafty, For which they 'ad yearn’d so long in vain, For Agitators, and the Safety : And felt such bowel hankerings,

Some for the Gospel, and massacres To see an empire all of kings,

240 of spiritual Affidavit-makers, Deliver'il from th' Egyptian awe

That swore to any human regence

275 Of justice, government and law,

Oaths of supremacy and allegiance; Andfree i' erect what spiritual cantons

Yea, though the ablest swearing Saint, Should be reveal'd, or gospel Hans-towns, That vouch'd the bulls o'th' Covenant: To edify upon the ruins

245 Others for pulling down th' high-places Of John of Leyden's old outgoings,

Of Synods and Provincial Clalles,

280 Who, for a weather-cock hung up

That us'd to make such hottile inroads L'pon their mother church's top,

Upon the Saints, like bloody Nimrods : Was made a type by Providence,

Some for fuitilling Prophecies, Of all their revelations fince,

250 And th' extirpation of ih’ Excise; And now fulfill'd by their successors,

And some against th' Egyptian bondage 285 Who equally mistook their measures.

Of Holy-days, and paying Poundage : For, when they came to Thape the model, Some for the cutting down of Groves, Not one could fit another's noddle;

And rectifying hakers' Loaves; But found their Light and Gifts more wide 255

And some for finding out expedients From fadging, than th' unfanctify'd;

Against the Navery of Obedience:

290 While every individual Brother

Some were for Gospel-ministers, Strove hand to fift against a 1other,

And some for Red-coat feculars, And still the maddeit, and most crackt,

As men most fit t' hold-forth the Word, Were found the busiest to tranfact ; 260 And wield the one and th' other sword: For, though most hands dispatch apace

Some were for carrying on the Work

295 And make light work (the proverb says) Against the Pope, and some the Turk: Yet many different intellects

Some for engaging to suppreis Are found t' have contrary effects ;

The camisado of Surplices, And many heads e obstruct intrigues,

265 As soweit instets have most legs.

Ver. 269, 270. Others tamper'd-For Fleetwood, Some were for setting up a king,

Disborougb, and Lambert.) Fleetwood was a lieuBut all the rest for no such thing,

icnant-general: he married Ireton's widow, OliUnless king Jefus : others tamper'd

ver Cromwell's second daughter ; was made Lord For Fleetwood, Desborough, and Lambert: 270 Lieutenant of Ireland by Cromwell, Major-gene

ral of divers counties, one of Oliver's upper house:

his falary supposed to be 6600l. a year.-Desbo" lelf inspired ; which so far corrupted his rea rough, a yeoman of 60 or 70 l per annum ; some " son and understanding, that he did at the fame say a ploum mail. Bennet, speaking to Desbo" time believe he was the person deputed to reign rongh jays, “ When your Lordship was a plow“ over the faints upon earth, for a thousand man, and wore high shoon-Ha! how the Lord years."

raileth some men, and depreiseth others.”

-DefVer. 241, 242.) Dr. James Young observes, borough married Cromwell's sister, caft away " That two Jesuitical prognosticators, Lilly and his spade, and took up a sword, and was made a

Culpeper, were so confident, anno 1652, of the colonel; was instrumental in raising Cromwell " total fubversion of the law and gospel-ministry, to the protectorship; upon which he was made " that in their scurrilous prognostications they

one of his council, a General at Sea, and Majorpredicted the downfall of both ; and, in 1654, general of divers counties of the west; and was

thięy foretold that the law should be pulled one of Oliver's upper house. His annual income “ down to the ground, -the Great Charter, and was 32 361, 13s. and 4d. 5 all our liberties, destroved, as not suiting with Ibid. Lambert.] Lambard, In the first edition

Engithmen, in their bleffed times; that the 1678. Altered 1684. He was one of the Rump " crab-tree of the law should be pulled up by the Generals, and a principal oppofer of General * roots, and grow 110 more, there being no rea

Monk in the Restoration of King Charles II. " son now we should be governed by them.”

The writer of the Narrative of the late Parliment Ver. 267, 268.] Harry Martyn, in his speech, Jocelled, 1657, p. 9. obferves, “That Major-gene. in the debate Wbeber King or no King, faid, “val Lambert, as one of Oliver's council, had " That if they must have a King, they had

1000l. per annun, which with his other places, " catlier have had the last than any gentleman

" in all amounted to 65121. 35. 4d." in England. He found no fault in his person, Ver. 272. Agitators.] In 1647, the Army made " but office.''

choice of a fet number of officers, which they Ver. 269.) Alluding to the Fifth Monarchy

called the General Council of Oficers; and the comwho had formed a plot to dethrone Crom

mon Soldieks made choice of three or four of weil and let up King Jefus.

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That Gifts and Dispensations hinder'd,

The quacks of government (who fate And turn'd to th' outward man the inward: 300 At th' unregarded helm of state,

1 More proper for the cloudy night

And understood this wild confusion

335 or Popery than Gospel-light:

Offatal madness and delusion, Others were for abolishing

Muft, sooner than a prodigy,
That tool of matrimony, a Ring,

Portend destruction to be nigh)
With which th' unsanctify'd bridegroom 305 | Confider'd timely how l withdraw,
Is marry'd only to a thumb

And save their wind-pipes from the law; :49 (As wise as ringing of a pig,

For one rencounter at the bar That asd to break up ground, and dig); Was worse than all they 'ad 'scap'd in war; The bride to nothing but her will,

And therefore met in consultation That nulls her after-marriage still:

310 | To cant and quack upon the nation; Some were for th' utter extirpation

Not for the fickly patient's sake, Of Linsey-wolsey in the nation;

Nor what to give, but what to take; And fume against all idoliting

To feel the pulies of their fees, The Cross in shop-books, or Baptifing:

More wife than fumbling arteries; Others, to make all things recant


Prolong the fnuff of life in pain, The Christian or surname of Saint,

And from the grave recover-Cain. And force all churches, streets, and towns,

Mong these there was a poitician The holy title renounce :

With more heads than a bealt in viton, Some 'gainit a third estate of fouls,

And more intrigues in every one And bringing down the price of Coals: 320 | Than all the whores of Babylon ; Some for abolishing black-pudding,

So politic, as if one eve And eating nothing with the blood in;

Upon the other were a spy, To abrogate them root and branches;

That, to trepan the one to think While others were for eating Haunches

The other blind, both itrove te blink; Of warriors, and, now and then,

325 And in his dark prarmatic way The Flesh of kings and nighty men :

As busy as a child at play.
And fome for breaking of their Bones
With rods of iron, by secret ones;
For thrashing mountains, and with spells

a council of war, to massacre and put to the For hallowing carriers' packs and bells ; 330 “ sword all the King's party: the questions": Things that the legend never heard of,

" was carried in the negative but by two roie. Eat made the Wicked fore afeard of.

" Their endeavour was, how to diminish
“ number of their opposites, the Rovaults:

“the Prefbyterians, by a matsacre; for w cach regiment, mostly corporals and serjeants, “ purpose many dark-lanterns were provides who were called by the name of Agitators, and “ winter, 1649; which coming to the comi. were to be a House of Commons to the council of rumour of the Town, put them in darger officers: these drew up a Declaration, that they - the infamy and hatred that would over would not be disbanded till their arrears were "them; lo this was taid aside." Å b: 12 paid, and a full provision made for liberty of con brought in, 1656, for decimating the Rora! fcience,

but thrown out. And this spirit was bo 105 Ver. 308. Tvat us'd :0.] That is ts, edition 1678. niuch encouraged by their clergy. Mr. C37, Tbat uses te, exfitions 1634, 1689, 1694, 1700, 1704. in a Thanksgiving Sermon before the Commy. Altered 1710, as it stands here,

April 23, 1644, p. 46. says, “ If Chnstus Ver. 317, 318.) The mayor of Colchester ba

up his kingdom upon the carcases of the i nished one of that town for a malignant and a u it well becomes ail elders to rejoice and cavalier, in the year 1643, whose name was Par " thanks. Cut them down with the fund sons; and gave this learned reaion for this exem “justice, root them out, and consume tre plary piece of justice, that it was an ominous " with fire, that no zoot may spring up 32... name.

Of this spirit was Mr. George Swathe, min: Ver. 323.] This was the spirit of the times. of Denham, in Suttolk, who, in a prayer, lut : There was a proposal to carry twenty Rosalists 1641, or 1642, has the following remak. in front of Sir Thomas Fairfax's Army, to expose words; “ Lord, if no composition will en them to the fire of the enemy; and one Gourdon controversy between the King and the Pain moved, “ That the Lady Capel, and her children, ment, but the King and his party wil " and the Lady Norwich, might be sent to the “ blood, let them drink of their own cup General with the same directions, saying, their (6 thcir blood he spilled like water; let “ busbands would be careful of their safety; and « blood be sacrificed to thee, O God, for the « when divers opposed to barbarous a motion, « of our nation." 6 and alledged that Lady Capel was great with Ver. 351.) This was Sir Anthony-Ahle, CA “child, near her time, Gourdon presled it the rer, who complied with every change in to “ more eagerly, as if he had taken the General

times. * for a man mid-wife.” Nay, it was debated at

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