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And rather his own eyes condemn,

And, to complete their Narrative, Than question what he 'ad seen with them. 260 Agreed t’iniert this strange retrieve. While all were thus resolv'd, a man

But while they were diverted all Of great renown there thus began

With wording the Memorial, 'Tis itrange, I grant! but who can say

The footboys, for diversion too, What cannot be, what can, and may?

As having nothing else to do, Especially' at so hugely vast

165 Seeing the telescope at leisure, A distance as this wonder 's plac'd,

Turn'd virtuoios for their pleasure; Where the leait error of the night

Began to gaze upon the Moon, May thew things false, but never right;

As those they waited on had done. Nor can we try them, so far off,

With monkeys' ingenuity, By any sublunary proof:

270 That love to practise what they see; For who can say that Nature there

When one, whose turn it was to peep, Has the same laws she goes by here?

Saw fomething in the engine creep, Nor is it like the has infus’d,

And, viewing well, discover'd more In every species there produc'd,

Than all the learn'd had done before. The faine efforts the does conser

275 Quotlı he, A little thing is funk Upon the iame productions here,

Into the long itar-gazing trunk, Since those with us, of several nations,

And now is gotten down to nigli, Have fucii prodigious variations,

I have him just against mine eye. And the affects so much to use

This being overheard by one Variety in all she does.

280 Who was not so far overgrown b'interred that, though I grang

In any virtuous speculation, We’ave seen i' th’sloon an Elephant,

To judge with mere imagination, That Elephant may differ fo

Immediately he made a guess From chole upon the eartij below,

At folving all appearances, Both in his bulk, and force, and speed, 285 A way far more significant As being of a different breed,

Than all their hints of th’ Elephant, That thouglı our own are but now pac'd, And found, upon a second view, Theirs there may fiy, or run as fait,

His own hypothesis moíe true ; And yet be Eleph.ints, no less

For he had scarce apply'd his cye Than those of Indian pedigiees.


To th' engine, but immediately This iaid, another of great worth,

He found a Mouse was gotten in Fam'd for his learned works put forth,

The hollow tube, and, fhut between Look'u wise, then faid--All this is true,

The two glass windows in restraint, And learnedly observ'd by you;

Was swellid into an Elephant, But there's another reason for 't,

295 And prov'd the virtuous occasion That falls but very little short

Of all this learn'd differtation: Of mathematic demonstration,

And, as a mountain heretofore Upon an accurate calculation,

Was great with child, they say, and bore And that is-As the earth and moon

A filly mouse; this mouse, as Atrange, Do both move contrary upon

300 Brought forth a mountain in exchange. Their axes, the rapidity

Meanwhile the rest in consultation Of both their motions cannot be

Had penn'd the wonderful Narration, But to prodigioully fast,

And let their hands, and seals, and wit, That vaster spaces may be past

T'attest the truth of what they 'ad writ, In less time than the beast has gone, 305 When this accurs'd phænomenon Though he 'ad no motion of his own,

Confounded all they 'ad said or done: Which we can take no measure of,

For 'twas no sooner hinted at, As you have clear'd by learned pwof,

But they all were in a tumult strait, This granted, we may boldly thence

More furiously enraged by far, Lay claim t'a nobler inference,

310 Than thote that in the Moon made war, And make this great phænomenon

To find fo admirable a hint, (Were there no other) serve alone

When they had all agreed thave seen 's, To clear the grand hypothesis

And were engag'd to make it cut, of th' notion of the earth from this,

Obstructed with a paltry doubt: With this they all were fatisfy'd, 315

When one, whose talk was to determine, s men are wont o'th' bias'd fide,

And solve th' appearances of vermin, Applauded the profound dispute,

Who 'ad made profound discoveries And grew mo:e gay and revolute,

In frogs, and toads, and rats, and mice, Sy having overcome all doubt,

(Though not to curious, 'uis true, tban if it never had fall'n ont;

320 As many a wife rat-catcher knew)








After he had with signs made way
For something great he had io say ;

* This difquisition
Is, half of it, in my * difciition;
For though the Elephant, as beast,
Belongs of right to all the rost,
The Mouse, being but a vermin, none
Has tille to but I alone;
And therefore hope I may be heard,
In my own province, with regard.

It is no wonder we 're cry'd down,
And made the talk of all the Town,
Tuat rants and swears, for all our great
Aliempts, we have done nothing yet,
li every one have leave to doubt,
When iome gieat secret 's half made out:
And, 'caufe perhaps it is not true,
Oltruct, and rum all we do.
As no great act was ever done,
Nor ever can, with truth alone,
J£ nothing else but rruti w' allow,
Tis no great matter what we do:
For truth is tou referv'd, and nice,
T' appear in mix'd focieties;
Delights in folitary abodes,
And never thews herleif in crowds;
A fullen little thing, below
All matters of pretence and show;
That deal in novelty and change,
Not of things true, but rare and strange,
To treat the world with what is dit
And proper to its natural wit;
The worid, that never lets esteem
On what things are, but what they seem,
And, if they be not strange and new,
They're ne'er the better for being true.
For what has mankind gain'd by knowing
His little truth, but his undoing,
Which wisely was by Nature hidden,
And only for his good forbidden?
And therefore with great prudence does
The world still strive to keep it clole;
For it all secret truths were known,
Who would not be once more undone ?
For truth has always danger in 't,
And here, perhaps, may cross some hint
We have already agreed upon,
And vamly fruitrate all we've done,
Only to make new work for Stubs,
And all the academic clubs.
How much, then, ought we have a care
That no man know above bis ihare,
Nor dare to understand, henceforth
More than his contribution's worth;
That those who've purchas'd of the college
A share, or half a share, of knowledge,
And brought in none, but spent repute,
Should not b’admitted to dispute,
Nor any man preiend to know
More than his dividend come to?

For partners have been always known

To cheat their public interest prone ; 385 And if we do not look to ours,

'Tis sure to run the self-fane course.

This end, the whole allembay' allow'd The doctrine to be right and good,

And, from the truth of what they 'ad beard, 390 Resolv'd to give Truth no regard,

But what was for their turn to vouch,
And either find, or mase it fuch:
That 'twas more nobie to create

Things like Truth, out of strong conceit, 395

Than with vexatious pains and doubt
To find, or think t have found, her out.

This being refolv'd, they, one by one,
Review'd the lube, the Mouse, and Moon;

But still the narrower they pry'it,
400 The more they were untatisfyd;

In no one thing they saw agreeing,
As if they 'ad several faiths of lecing.
Some fwore, upon a lecond view,
That all they 'as seen before was true,
And that they never would recant
One syllable of th' Elephant;
Avow'd his fnout could be no Mouse's,
But a true Elepirant's proboicis.

Others began to doubt and waver,
410 Uncertain which o'cli'two to favour,

And knew not whether to espouse
The cause of th' Elephant or Mouse,
Some held no way so orthodox

To try it, as the ballot-box,
415 And, like the nation's patriots,

To find, or make, the truth by votes :
Others conceiv'd it much more fit
T' unmount the tube, and open it,

And, for their private fatisfaction,
420 To re-examine the Transaction,

And after explicate the rest,
As they thould find cause for the best.

To this, as tl' only exptdient,

The whole assembly gave content ;
425 | But, ere the tule was half let down,

It clear'd the first phænomenon :
For, at the end, prodigious swarms
Of flies and gnats, like men in armis,

Had all past mutter, by michance,
430 Both for the Sub, and Privoivans.

This being discover'd, put them all
Into a fieth and fiercer brawl,
Alham'd that men in grave and wise

Should be chalier'd by gnato and flies, 435 | And take the feeble iniects' swarms

For mighty troops of inen at arms;
As vain as those who, when the Moon
Bright in a crystal river thone,

Threw casting-nests as subtiy at her, 440 To catch and pull her out o'th' water.

But when they had unscrew'd the g.als,
To find out where tii impostor was,
And saw the Mouse, thai, by nuithar,
Had made the telescope a true,
Amaz’d, confounded, and articted,
To be so open y convicted,

* Sic Orig.


Immediately they get them gone,

Made an agreement, on a summer's night, With this discovery alone:

To search the Moon at full by her own light That those who gieedily pursue

To take a perfect inventory of all, S Things wonderful instead of true;


Her real fortunes, or her perfonal; That in their speculations chuse

And make a geometrical survey To make discoveries strange news,

Of all her lands, and how her country lay And natural history a Gazette

As accurate as that of Ireland, where Of cales stupendous and far-fet ;

The fly surveyor's said thave sunk a fhire 10 Hold no truth worthy to be known, 315

T'observe her country's climate, how vas That is no: huge and overgrown,

planted, And explicate appearances,

And what the most abounded with, or wad; Not as they are, but as they please;

And draw maps of her properest situatio In vain strive Nature to fuborn,

For settling, and erecting new plantation:
And, for their pains, are paid with scorn. 520 If ever the Society should incline IS

T' attempt so great and glorious a design
“ A talk in vain, unless the German Keç
“ Had found out a discovery to people h
“ And stock her country with inhabitar
“ Of military men and Elephants : 20
“ For th' Ancients only took her for a po

"Of red-hot iron as big as Peloponnese ELEPHANT IN THE MOON. “ Till he appear’d; for which, some ie, she


"Upon his tribe as strange a punishmer IN LONG VERSE.*

This was the only purpose of their mng, 25 For which they chose a time and placest fit

ting, VIRTUOUS, learn'd society, of late,

When, at the full, her equal shares of li
The pride and glory of a foreign state,

And influence we;e at their greatest :ht.
And now the loftý telescope, the scale,

By which they venture heaven itself tail, 30 Ver. 509, 510.) From this moral application

Was rais’d, and planted full against troou, of the whole, one may observe that the Poet's

And all the rest stood ready to fall on real intention, in this satire, was not to ridicule Impatient who should bear away the our real and useful philofophy, but only that concei. To plant an ensign, first of all, upor. ted and whimsical taste for the marvellous and

When one, who for his folid deep ef 35 surprising, which prevailed so much among the

Was chosen virtuofo then in chief, learned of that are: and though it would be

Had been approv'd the most profound wife ungrateful not to acknowledge the many useful

At solving all impoflibilities, improvements then made in natural knowledge,

With gravity advancing, to apply ret, in justice to the fatirist, it must be con

To th' optic glass his penetrating ey

40 elled that these curious inquirers into Nature

Cry'd out, o ftrange! —then reinfó his righe did sometimes, in their researches, run into a

Against the Moon with all his art ailight, uperstitious and unpliilosophical credulity, which

And bent the muscles of his pensivow, leferved very well to be taughed at; and which

As if he meant to stare and gaze herough; vas afterwards so happily ridiculed in the

While all the reft began as much t'mire, 45 Transactioncer" of Dr. King.

And, like :: powder train, from hinok fire, * After the Author had finished this story in Surpriz'd with dull amazement befand, hort verse, he took it in his head to attempt it Al is hat they would, but could notierstand, o long. That this was composed after the other, | And grew impatient to discover whi $ manifest from its being wrote opposite to it The mater was they so much wonde at. 50 ipon a vacant part of the fame paper: and Quoth he, The old inhabitants c' Moon, hourb in most places the Poel has done little Who, wlien the fun shines hottest 10 noon, nore than filled up the verse with an additional Are wont to live in cellars under god, Jitt, preserving the same thought and rhyrne, Of eight miles deep, and more thachty round, et as it is a fingular initance in its way, and has In which at once they use to fortify 55 efides, many confiderable additions and varia Againft the funbeams and the ener 1611.c, which tend to illuftrite and explain the 'receding Poem, it may he looked npon not only . a curiosity in its kind, but as a new produc Ver. 17.) This and the followirerses, to the ion of the Artior's. This I mention only to end of the paragraph, ille not ine foregoing buiate the objections of those who mav think it compofition; and are diftinguit as well as de ted to fill up the volume. To the admirers the rest of the same kini, by be printed with

Busker, I am sure, no pukogy is necellary'. inverted com7iae

Aresunted borough towns and cities there, “ Another fophift, but of less renown,
Becie th' inhabitants are civiller

“ Tlough longer observation of the Moon," Tha:hose rude country peasants that are found, That understood the difference of her foils, Likqountaineers, to live on th' upper ground, And which produc'd the faireft genet-m.cyles Nam Privolvans, with whom the others are " But for an unpaid weekly Thilling's perío. Perpally in ftate of open war ;

“ Had fin'd for wit, and judgment, and in ventina," And w both armies, mortally enrag'd, Who, after poring tedious and hard Are i fierce and bloody fight engagid, l'th' ortic engine, gave a tart, and stard, And ny fall on both sides kill'd and nain, 65 And thus began-A ftranger fight appears As by: telescope 'tis clear and plain,

Than ever yet was seen in all the spheres! 133 Look it quickly then, that every one

A greater wonder, more unparallel'd May rais Thare before the battle's done.

Than ever niortal tube or eye beheld! At ta famous great philosopher,

A mighty Elephant from one of those Admirand celebrated, far and near, 70 Two figlicing armies is at length broke loole, As one wondrous singular invention,

And, with the desperate horror of the fight 13 And eq universal comprehension ;

Appears amaz’d, and in a dreadful fright! “ By w he had compos'd a pedlar's jargon, Look quickly; left the only fight of us « For de world to learn, and use in bargain, Should cause tlie startled creature to imboís. " An uersal canting idiom,

75 It is a large one, and appears more great “ To urstand the swinging pendulum, Than ever was produc'd in Afric yet; 149 & And timmunicate, in all designs,

From which we confidently may infer, « With Eastern virtuosi Mandarines ;'

The Moon appears to be the fruitfuller. Apply'd optic nerve, and half a nose,

And since, of old, the mighty Pyrrhus brought To th' elnd centre of the engine close: 80

Thore living castles first of all, 'tis thought, For he I very lately undertook

Against the Roman army in the field, To vindis and publish in a book,

It may a valid argument he held, That menhose native eyes are blind, or out, (The same Arcadia being but a piece, May by ne admirable art be brought

As his dominions were, of antique Greece) To see wimpty holes, as well and plain 85 To vindicate what this illustrious person As if theirs had been put in again.

Has made so learn’d and noble a discourse on, in This greatn, therefore, having fix'd his right

And given us ample satisfaction all T' observe bloody formidable fight,

Of th' ancient Privolvans' original. Consider'defully, and then cry'd out,

That Elephants are really in the Moon, 'Tis true, battle's desperately fought; 90 Although our fortune had discover'd none, The gallaiubvolvans begin to rally,

Is easily made plain, and manifeft, And from t trenches valiantly sally,

Since, from the greatest orbs, down to the leale To fall upoe stubborn enemy,

All other globes of stars and constellations Who fearfuegin to rout and fly.

Have cattle in them of all sorts and nations, These pa domineering Privolcans, 95 Have, evermmer-season, their campaigns. And musteke the military sons of Rawhead victorious Bloody-bones,

Ver. 121, 122.] In the shorter verse it it as As great anomerous as Soland geese

thus: I'th' sumnilands of the Orcades,

Another of as great renovni,
Courageously make a dreadful stand,

And solid judgment in the Moon.
And boldly:their neighbours hand to hand,
Until the peul, long'd-for winter 's come,

And though the variation in words is tutir, And then dild, and march in triumph home,

it makes a considerable difference in the ce And spend thst of all the year in lyes, 105

racter. And vapourof their unknown victories.

Ver. 125, 126 ] These two verses are intens. From th' olecadians they have been believ'd instead of the following in the other copy in £ To be, before Moon herself, deriv'd,

measure: And, when brb was first of all created, To be from the to people her trandated : 110

And in the register of Fame For, as those ple had been long reputed,

Had enter'd his long-living name. Of all the Peinnesians, the most ftupid, The Poet had added the two following lies Whom nothin the world could ever bring this character, but afterwards croised tiesa T'endure thuillife, but fiddling, They ever sinctain the antique course

And first found out the building Page

115 And native fly of their ancestors,

And paving London with sea-coals. And always ui fing and fiddle to

I transcribe them, to gratify the curiosity és Things of the timportant weight they do. as are desirous to investigate who the part 2 While thus; virtuofo entertains

persons are that are designed by these charan The whole afely with the Privoivans, 120

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And heaven, like a northern Tartar's hord, “ Make chips of elms produce the largest trees
With namerous and mig!ıtv droves is Nord; 160 " Or fowing tw-duit furniih nurseries :
Ard, if the Moon can but produce by Nature No more our beading darts (a 1winging one!)
A people of fo large and vart a ftature, " With buiter only rariten'd in the fun :
'Tis na re thin probable the thrould bring forth Or men that uie to whittle loud enough
A greater breed of beafts, too, than the earth; “ To be heard by others plainly five miles off,
As, by the best arco:ints we have, appears 165 " 'Cause all the reit, we owl and have avow'd,
Of all our credibleit discoverers ;

“ To be believ'd as desperately loud." And that those vast and monftrcus creatures there Nor ihall our future speculations, whether 225 Are not such far-fet rarities as here.

An elder-itick will render all the leather
Meanwhile th' affem:bly now had had a fight Of schoolboys' breeches proof again it the rod,
Of all distinct particulars o'ih' fight, 170 Make all we undertake appear us odl.
And every man, with diligence and care, This one discovery will prove enough
Perus’d and vie'v'd of thi' Elephant his thare, To take all past and future scandals off: 230
Proud of his equal intercít in the glory

But fince the world is to incredulous
Of lo stupendous and renown'l a story; Of all our usual scrutinies and us,
When one, who for his fame and excellence 175 And with a conitant prejudice prevents
In he ghtening of words and shadowing fente, Our best as well as worst experiments;
And magnifying all lie ever writ

As if they were all deltin'd to miscarry, 231 With delicate and microscopic wit,

As well in confort try'd as folitary ; Had long heen magnify'd hintelf no less and that th' allembly is uncert in wlien la foreign and domicític colleges,


Suciu great discoveries will occur again; Began, at last (transported with the twang 'Tis reasonable we lnould, at least, contrive of his own elocution) thus to haranglie.

To draw up as exact a Narrative

246 Most virtuous and incomparable Friends, Of that which every man of us can swear This

great discovery fully makes amends Our eyes therníelves have plainly seen appear, For all our former unfuccessful pains, 185 That, when 'tis fit to publish the Account, and lost expences of our time and brains: We all inay take our several oatts uson ’t. For, by this admirable plianomenon,

This raid, the whole assembly gave consent Ve now have gotten ground upon the Moon, To draw up th' authentic Intrunient, 246 and gain'd a país, engage and hold dispute And, for the nation's general Satisfaction, Vith all the other plane's that stand out ; 190 To print and own it in their next Transaction: And carry on this brave and virtuous war But while their ableft men were drawing up Jome to the door of th' onttinatest itar,

The wonderful Menoir o'ch' telescope, 250 This plant th' artillery of our pric tubes A member peeping in the tube by chance, - mainit the proudent of their magnitudes; Beheid the Elephant bezin advance, o stretch our future victories beyond 195 | That from the well-by-north side of the Moon Teuttermost of planetary ground,

Toth east-bv-fouth was in a moment gone. nu plani our warlike engines, and our enfignis, This being related, gave a ludden atop pon the fir'd stars' spacious dimensions, To all their grandees had been drawing up; o prore if they are other funs or not,

And every person was amaz'd alteit, s fome philoliplers have wisely thouglit ; 200 How such a itrange turprizal Mould be true, r only windows in the empyreum,

Or any beast perform so great a race, brough which thore brightemuvias use to come; I So swift and rapid, in so fort a space, 260 wich Archimede, to many years ago, | Refolv'', as suddenly, to make it good, ir nerer venture but to wish to know.

Or reuder all as fairly as they could, ir is this all that we have now atchiev'il, 205! And rather chose their own eyes to condemn, it gre.ter things!--enceforth to be believ'd,

Than question what they had beheld with them. Od lute no niore our best or work designs, While every one was thus refolv'il, a min cause they 're ours, suspected for ili figns. Or great efteen and credit thuis began

266 out-throv, and magmty, and to enlarge, 11, henceforth, be no more laid to our charge; urthall our best and ablent virtuofus ve argimients again for coitec-lavares; of parenilefis; aud the two following lines are Vor liccle ftories gain belief amon

also onit:ed: Our criticalieit judges, right or wrong:" rthall our ne-invented chariots draw 215

Like flaines of fire, as others guess. e boys to courfe us in cheni without law;

That ihine i'th' mouths of furnaces
Ver. 213.] In this latter part of the speech,
Butler makes a confiderable variation, hvadding:

oroitting, and altering; which it would be boch er. 203, 204.) These two lines are here tedious and unneceffary minately to point out, ested in a difierent and better place than they as the leader may to easily compare the two reinihe tortez yerle, where they made a fort Poems. L. II.

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