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The Angel Michael continues from the food to relate what shall succeed; then, in the

mention of Abraham, comes by degrees to explain who that Seed of the Woman shall be, which was promised Adam and Eve in the fall ; his incarnation, death, resurrection, and ascenfion; the state of the church till his second coming. Adam greatly satisficd and re-comforted by these relations and promises descends the hill with Mi. cha-l; wakens Eve, who all this while had Dept, but with gentle dreams compos’d to quietness of mind and submission. Michael in either hand leads them out of Paradise

, the fiery sword waving behind them, and the Cherubim taking their stations to guard the place.



Asthough hen kon operates that there

Concord and law of nature from the earth,
Though bent on speed; so here th’ Arch- Hunting (and men not beasts shall be his game)
Angel paus'd
With war and hostile snare such as refuse

31 Betwixt the world destroy'd and world restor’d, Subjection to his empire tyrapnous : If Adam ought perhaps might interpose;

A mighty hunter thence he shall be ftild Then with transition sweet new speech refumes. 5 Before the Lord, as in despite of Heaven,

Thus thou haft seen one world begin and end; Or fri m Heav'n claiming second sovranty; 35 And man as from a second lock proceed.

And from rebellion shall derive his name, Much thou hast yet to fee, but I perceive Though vf rebellion others he accuse. 'The mortal sight to fail; objects divine

He with a crew, whom like ambition joins Must needs inpair and weary human sense : With him or under him to tyrannize, Henceforth what is to come I will relate,

Marching from Eden tow’ards the west, ha! Thou therefore give due audience, and attend.

find This second source of men, while yet but few, The plain, wherein a black bituminous gurge And while the dread of judgment pait remains Buils out from under ground, the mouth of Hell; Fresh in their minds, fearing the Deity, IS of brick, and of that Ruff they cast to build With some regard to what is just and right A city' and tow'r, whose top may reach to HeaShall lead their lives, and multiply apace,

ven; Lab'ring the foil, and reaping plentevus crop, And get themselves a name, left far dispers'd 45 Corn, wine, and oil; and from the herd or flock, In foreign lands their memory be lost, Oft facrificing bullock, lamb, or kid,

Regardless whether good or evil fanie. With large wine-offerings pour'd, and sacred But God, who oft descends to visit men fiaft,

Unseen, and through their habitations walks Shall spend their days in jny unblam’d, and dwell To mark their doings, them beholding soon, 59 Long time in peace by families and tribes

Comes down to see their city, ero the lower Under paternal rule: till one Ihall rise

Obstrud Heav'n-tow'rs, and in derision sets of proud ambitious heart, who not content 25 Upon their tongues a various spi'rit to rafe With fair equality, fraternal ftate,

Quite out their native language, and instead Will arrogate dominions undcserv'd

To sow a jangling noise of words unknown: 55 Over his brethren, and quite dispossess

Forthwith a hideous gabble rises loud


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Among the builders; cach to other calls
Not understood, till hoarse, and all in rage,
As mock’d they storm; great laughter was in

And looking down, to see the hubbub strange 60
And hear the din; thus was the building lefc
Ridiculous, and the work Confusion nam'd.

Whereto thus Adam fasherly displeas'do O exccrable son so to aspire Above his brethren, to himself assuming 65 Authority usurp'd, from God not given : He gave us only over beast, fish, lowl, Dominion absolute; that right we huld By his donation ; but man over men He made not lord; such title to himfulf 70 Reserving, human left from human free. Ent this usurper his cncroachment proud Stay, not on man; to God his tow'r intends Sege and defiance: Wretched man! what food Will he convey up thither to sustain

75 Himself and his rash army, where thin air Above the clouds will pine his entrails gross, And familh him of breath, if not of bread?

To whom thus Michael. Justly thou abhorr'it That son, who on the quiet state of men 80 Such trouble brought, affecting to fubdue Rational liberty; yet know withal, Since thy original lapse, true liberty Is lost, which always with right reason dwells Twiga'd, and from her hath no dividual being : Reason in man obscurd, or not obey'd, Immediately inordinate desires And upstart paffions catch the government From reason, and to fervitude reduce Man till then free. Therefore since he permits Within himself unworthy pow'ss to reigu 91 Over free reason, God in judgment jutt Subje&s him from without to violent lords; Who oft us undeservedly inthrall His outward freedom : tyranny must be, 95 Though to the tyrant thereby 10 excuse. Yet sometimes nations will decline to low From virtue, which is reason, that no wrong, But justice, and some fatal curse annex'd, Deprives them of their outward liberty, Their inward loft: Witness th' irreverent fon Of him who built the ark, who for the shame Done to his father, heard this heavy curle, Sercant of fervants, on his vicious race. Thus will this latter, as the former world, 105 Scill tend from bad to worse, till God at luct Wearied with their iniquities, withdraw His presence from among them, and avert His holy cyes; resolving from thenceforth To leave them to their own polluted ways; And one peculiar nation to select From all the rest, of whom to be invok'a, A nation from one faithful man to spring : Him on this side Euphrates yet residing, Ered up in idol-worthip; O that men 115 (Canit thou believe?) should be so stupid grown, While yet the patriarch liv’d, who fcap'd the

flood, As to forsake the living God, and fall To woríhip their own work in wood and itong

For Gods! yet him God the most High vouchfafes
To call by vision from his father's house,
His kindred and file Gods, into a land
Which he will show him, and from him will raise
A mighty nation, and upon him shower
Hs benediction so, that in his feed

All nations Thail be blett; he strait obeys,
Not knowirg to what land, yet firm believes:
I fee him, but thou canst not, with what faith
He leaves his Gods, his friends, and native foil
Ur of Chaldæa, paling uow the ford

130 To Haran, after him a cumbrous train Of herds and flocks, and numerous fervitude; Not ward’ring poor, but trusting all his wealth With God, who call'd him, in a land unknown. Canaan he now attains; I fee his tents

135 Pitch'd about Sechem, and the ncighb'ring plain Of Moreh ; there by promise he receives Gift to his progeny of all that land, From Hamath northward to the desert south, (Things by their names I call, though yet un.

nam’d). From Hermon eart to the great western sea; Mount Hermion, yonder fea, each place behold In prospect, as I poiot them; on the shore Mount Carmel; here the double-founted Itream Jordan, true limit caftward; but his sons

145 Shall dwell co Senir, that long ridge of hills. This ponder, that all nations of the earth Shall in his feed be bless’d; by that feed Is meant thy great deliverer, who shall bruise The serpent's head; whereof to thee anon 150 Plainlier shall be reveald. This patriarch bleft, Whom faithful Abraham due time shall call, A son, and of his fon a grand child leaves, Like him in faith, in wisdom, and renown; The grand-child with twelve sons increas'd departs

155 From Canaan, to a land hereafter call'd Egypt, divided by the river Nile; See where it flows, disgorging at fev'n mouths Into the sea : tu frjourn in that land He comes invited by a younger son

160 In time of dearth, a !on whose worthy deeds Raise him to be the second in that realm Of Pharoah: there he dies, and leaves his race Growing into a nation, and now grown Suspected to a sequent king, who seeks 165 To top their overgrowth, as inmate guests Too numerous; whence of guests he makes them

flaves Inhospitably', and kille their infant males : Till by two brethron (those two brethren call Moses and Aaton) sunt from God to clanic His people from inthralment, thuy return With glory' and spoil back to their promis'd land. But first the lawles tyrant, who denies To know their God, or message to regard, Must be compellid by signs and judgments dire ; To blood uuthed the rivers must be turn'd; Frogs, lice, and flies, mutt all his palace fill With luath'd intrusion, and fill all the land; His cattei muit of rot and murren die; Botches and blains must all his fleth imhoss, 120 And all his people; thunder mix'd with hail,

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Hail mix'd with fire, must rond th’Egyptian sy, Establish'd, such delight hath God in men

245 And wheel on th' earth, devouring where it rolls; Obedient to his will, chat he vouchsafes What it devours poʻ, herb, or fruit, or grain, Among them to set up his tabernacle, A darksome cloud of locusts (warming down 185 The holy One with mortal men to dwell : Must eat, and on the ground leave nothing green ; By his prefcript a fanctuary is fram'd Darkness must overshadow all his bounds,

Of cedar, overlaid with gold, therein Palpable darkness, and blot out three days; An ark, and in the ark his testimony, Last with one midnight stroke all the first-born The records of his covenant, over these Of Egypt must lie dead. Thus with ten wounds A mercy-seat of gold between the wings The river dragon tam’d at length submits 191 Of two bright Cherubim; before him burn To let his sojourners depart, and oft

Sev’n lamps as in a zodiac representing 231 Humbles his stubborn heart, but still as ice The heav'nly fires; over the tent a cloud More harden'd after thaw, till in his rage

Shall reft by day, a fiery gleam by night, Pursuing whom he late dismiss'd, the sea

195 Save when they journey, and at length they come, Swallows him with his host, but them lets pass Conducted by bis Angel to the land As on dry land between two crystal walls,

Promis'd to Abrahain and his feed : the rest 260 Aw'd by the rod of Moses so to stand

Were long to tell, how many battels fought, Divided, till his rescu'd gain their shore:

How many kings dutroy'd, and kingdoms won, Such wondrous pow'r God to his faint will lend, Or how the fun thall in mid Heav'o stand itib Though present in his Angel, who shall go 2o1 A day entire, and night's due course adjourn, Before them in a cloud, and pillar of fire,

Man's voice conimanding, Sun in Gibeon faod, By day a cloud, by night a pill'ar of fire,

And thou moon in the vale of Aialon, To guide them in their journey, and reinove Till lfrael overcome; so call the third Behind them, while th' obdurate king pursues : From Abraham, son of Isaac, and from him All night he will pursue, but his approach 206 His whole defcent, who thus Thall Canaan win. Darkness defends between till morning watch; Here Adam interpos’d. O fent from Heaver, Then through the fiery pillar and the cloud Inlightner of my darkness, gracious things God looking forth will trouble all his hoft, Thou hafi reveal'd, those chiefly which concern And craze their chariot whcels: when by com Just Abraham and his fued : now firit I find mand

Mine eyes true opening, and my heart much Moses once more his potent rod extends

easid, Over the sea; the fea his rod obeys;

Erewhile perplex'd with thoughts what would be On their imbattel'd ranks the waves return, And overwhelm their war: the race elect

of me and all mankind; but now I see Safe towards Caraan from the shore advance 215 His day, in whom all nations shall be bleft, Through the wild defert, not the readiest way, Favor unmerited by me, who fought Lcit entring on the Canaanite alarm d

Forbidden knowledge by forbidden mcans. War terrify them inexpert, and fear

This yet I apprehend not, why to these Return them back to Egypt, chooling rather Among whom God will deign to dwell on earth Inglorious life with servitude; for life

So many and so various laws are given : To noble and ignoble is more sweet

So many laws argue fi many firs Untrain'd in arms, where rafıness leads cot on. Among them; how can God with such refide? This also shall they gain by their delay

To whom thus Michael Doubt not but the In the wide wilderness, there they fhail found

fio Their government, and their great fenate choose Will reign aniong them, as of thee begoti Through the twelve tribes, to rule by laws or. And therefore was law giv'n them to evice dain'd:

226 Their natural pravity, by stirring up God from the mount of Sirai, whose gray top Sin agaipit law to fight : that when they see Shall tremble, he defiending, will hinilelf Law can discover fin, but nos remove, In thunder, lightning, and loud trump is found, Save by those shadowy expiations weak, Ordain them laws; part such as afperiain 230 The blood of bulls and goats, they may conclude To civiljusice, part religious rites

Sonic blood more precious must be paid for man, O! facrifice, informing then, by types

Juil for urjut, that in such righteousnefs And thadows, of that defin's Seed to bruise To them by taith impnted, they niay find ay 'The Serpent, by what means he thallatchieve Juftification towards God, and peace Mankin. 's deliverance. But the voice of God Of conscience, which the law by ceremonia To niortal car is dreadful; they beseech 236 Cannot appease, nor man t' e moral part That Mofes might report to the m his will, Perform, and not performing cannot live. And tortor ceafı ; he grants what they besought So law appears imperfed, and but given Inítructed that to God is no access

With purpose to relign them in fun time Without mediator, whose high office now 240 Up to a better covenant, disciplin'd Mofcs in figure bears, to introduce

From fhadow y types to truth, from Alef to fpui. 0:10 greater, of whose day he shall foretel, From impofition of itri& laws to free And all the prophets in their age the times Acceptance of large grace, from servile fear 393 Os grcat Melli'ah thall ling. Thus laws and rites To filial, works of law to works of faith.





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And therefore, shall not Moses, though of God The throne hereditary, and bound his reign 370 Highly belov’d, being but the minister

With carth's wide bounds, his glory with the Of law, his people-into Canaan lead;

Heavens. Bot Joshua whom the Gentiles Jesus call,


He ceas'd, discerning Adam with such joy His name and office bearing, who shall quell Surcharg'il, as had like grief been dew'd in tears, The adversary Serpent, and bring back

Without the vent of words, which these he Through the world's wilderness long wander'd

O prophet of glad tidings, finisher

375 Safe to eternal Paradise of rest.

314 Of utmos hope! now clear I understand Mean while they in their earthly Canaan plac'd What oft my iteddiest thoughts have search'd in Long time fhall dwell and prosper, but when fins

vain; National interrupt their public peace,

Why our great expectation should be call's Provoking God to raise them enemies :

The feed of Woman : Virgin Mother, hail, 379 From whom as oft he saves them penitent

High in the love of Heav'n, yct from my loins By judges first, then under kings; of whom 320 Thou shalt proceed, and from thy womb the Son The second, both for piety renown'd

Of God moit High; fo God with Man unites. And puissant deeds, a promise shall receive Needs, must the Serpent now his capital bruise Irrevocable, that his regal throne

Expect with mortal pain, say where and when For ever hall indure; the like shall ling

Their fight, what stroke shall bruise the victor's All prophecy, that of the royal stock 325


385 Of David (so I name this king) shall rise

To whom thus Michael. Dream not of their A son, the woman's seed to thee foretold,

fight, Foretold to Abraham, as in whom shall trust As of a duel, or the local wounds All pations, and to kings foretold, of kings Of head or heel : not therefore joins the Son The last, for of his reign shall be no end.


Manhood to God-head, with more strength to foil But first a long succession must ensue,

Thy enemy; nor so is overcome

390 And his next lon, for wealth and wisdom fam'd, Satan, whose fall from Heav'rı, a deadlier bruise, The clouded ark of God, till then ir tents Disabled not to give thee thy death's wound: Wand'ring, shall in a glorious temple' inshrine. Which he, who comes thy Saviour, shall recure, Such follow him as shall be register'd 335 Not by destroying Satan, but his works Part good, part bad, of bad the longer scroll, In thee and in thy feed; nor can this be, 395 Whose foul idolatries, and other faults

But by fulfilling that which thou didít want, Heap'd to the popular suni, will fo incense Obedience to the law of God, impos'd God, as to leave them, and expose their land, On penalty of death, and suffering death, Their city', his temple, and his holy ark 340 The penalty to thy transgreffion due, With all his sacred things, a scorn and prey And due to theirs which out of thine will grow : To that proud city, whose high walls thou saw'st So only can high justice reit appaid.

401 Left in confusion, Babylon thence callid.

The law of God exact he shall fulfil There in captivity he lets them dwell

Both by obedience and by love, though love The space of sev’nty years, then brings them Alone fulfil the law; thy punishment back,

345 He shall indure by coming in the flesh 405 Remembring mercy, and his covenant sworn To a reproachful life and curfed death, To David, itablith'd as the days of Heaven. Proclaming life to all who shall believe Return'd from Babylon by leave of kings

In his redemption, and that his obedience Their lords, whom God difpos'd, the house of God Imputed becomes theirs by faith, his merits 409 They first re-edify, and for a while

350 To save them, not their own, though legal works. In mean estate live moderate, till grown

For this he shall live hated, be blaiphen'd, In wealth and multitude, factious they grow; Seis'd on by force, judg'd, and to death condenin'd But first among the priests difícnfion springs, A shameful and accurs’d, nail'd to the cross Men who attend the altar, and should most By his own nation, Nain for bringing life; Endeavor peace : their strife pollution brings 355 But to the crofs he nails thy enemies, 415 Upon the temple itself : at last they seise

The law that is again thee, and the sins The fcepter, and regard not David's sons, Of all mankind, with him there crucify'd, Then lose it to a stranger, that the true

Never to hurt them more wło rightly trust Anointed king Melliah might be born

In this his fatisfaction; so he dies, Barr'd of his right; yet at his birth a star 360 But soon revives; death over him no power 420 Unseen before in Heav'n proclames him come, Shail long usurp; ere the third dawring light And guides the eastern sages, who inquire Return, the stars of morn shall see him rife His place, to offer incense, myrrh, and gold; Out of his grave, sreíh as the dawring light, His place of birth a solemn Angel tells

Thy ransom paid, which man fronı death redeems, To fimple shepherds, keeping watch by night; His death for nian, as many as offer'd lise 425 They gladly thither haste, and by a quire 366 Negled not, and the benefit enibrace of squadron'd Angels hear his carol lung. By faith not void of works : this God-like act A virgin is his mother, but his fire

Annuls thy doom, the death thou should it have The pow'r of the most High; he fall ascend



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In fin for ever lost from life; this act

To guide them all in truth, and also arm 49 Shall bruise the head of Satan, crush his strength, With spiritual armour, able to relitt Defeating lin and death, his two main arms 431 Satan's assaults, and quench his fiery darts, And fix far deeper in his head their stings

What man can do against them, no: afraid, Than temp'ral death shall bruise the victor's heel, Though to the death, against such cruelties Or theirs whom he redeeins, a death like Necp, With inward confolations recompens'd, A gentle wafting to immortal life.

435 And oft supported so as fhall amaze Nor after resurrection hall he stay

Their proudelt perfecutors : for the Spirit Longer on earth than ccrtain times to' appear Pour'd first on his Apostles, whom he sends To his disciples, men who his life

To evangelize the nations, then on all Still follow'd him; to them shall leave in charge Baptiz'd, shall them with wondrous gifts indue To tcach all nations what of him they learn'd 440 To speak all tongues, and do all nairacles, And his salvaion, them who shall believe

As did their Lord before them. Thus they win Baprizing in the profluent stream, the lign Great numbers of each nation to receive of washing them from guilt of lin to life With joy the tidings brought from Heav'o : at Pure, and in mind prepar’d, if fo befall,

length For death, like that which the Redeemer dy'd. 445 Their miniltry perform'd, and race well run, 505 All nations they shall teach; for from that day Their doctrin and their story written left, Not only to the fons of Abraham's loins

They die; but in their room, as they forewaro, Salvacion shall be preach'd, but to the funs Wolves shall succeed for tcachers, grievous wolves, Of Abraham's faith wherever through the world; Who all the sacred myiteries of Heaven So in his feed all nations shall be blest. 450 To their own vile advantages shall tura 510 Then to the Heav'n of Heav'ns he shall afcend Of lucre and ambition, and the truth With victory, triumphing through the air With superititions and traditions taint, Over his fues and thine; there shall surprise Left only in thufe written records pure, The Serpent, prince of air, and drag in chains Though not but by the Spirit underttood. Through all his realm, and there confounded leave; Then shall they feck to avail themselves of names, Then enter into glory, and resume

Places, and titles, and with these to join His feat at God's right hand, exalted high Secular pow'r; though feigning ilill to act Above all names in Heav'n; and thence full come, By spiritual, to themselves appropriating When this world's difTolution shall be ripe The Spi'rit of God, promis'd alike and given With glory' and pow'r to judge both quick and To all believers; and from that pretence, 520 dead,


Spiritual laws by carnal pow'r thall force To judge th' unfaithful dead, but to reward On every conscience; laws which none thall find His faithful, and receive them into bliss,

Left them inrollid, or what the Spirit within Whether in Heav'n or Earth, for then the Earth Shall ou the heart ingrave. What will they then Shall all be Paradise, far happier place

Bue force the Spi'rit of grace itself, and bind 525 Than this of Eden, and far happier days. 465 His confort liberty? what, but unbuild

So Ipake th' srch-Angel Michaël, then paus'u, His living temples, lwilt by faith to stand, As at the world's great period; and our are Their own faith, not another's? for on earth Ruplete with joy and wonder thus reply'd.

Who against faith and conscience can be heard O Goodneís infinite, Goodness immense Infallible ? yet many will presume : 530 That all this good of evil shall produce,

470 Whence heavy perfecution shall arise And evil turn to good; more wonderful

On all who in the worship persevere Than that which by creation first brought forth Of spi'rit and truth; the rett, far greater pari, Light out of darkness! full of doubt I stand, Will deem in outward rites and specious forms Whether I Thould repene me now of fin

Religion fatisfied; truth shall retire 535 By me done and occafion'd, or rejoice

47.5 Befuck with Nand'rous darts, and works of faith Much more, that much more good thereof thull Rarely be found : so thall the world go on, Ipring,

To good malignant, to bad men benign, To God more glory, more good will to men Under her own weight groaning, till the day From God, and over wrath grace shall abound. Appear of respiration to the juit,

540 Builay, if our Deliverer up to Heaven

And vengeance to the wicked, at return Mut realcend, what will betide che few

Of him so lately promis'd to thy aid His faithful, left amorry th' unfaithiul hurd, The Woman's Sced, obfcurely then foretold, 'The enemies of truth? who then shall guide Now anplier known thy Saviour and thy Lord, His pcopie, who dciend? will they not deal Lült in the clouds from Heav'n to be reveai'd Worle with his followers than with him they In glory of the Father, to diffolve di alt?

Satan with his perverted world, then raise Be sure they will, said th' Angel; but from From the conflagrant mass, purg'd and refind, Heaven


New Heav'ns, new Earth, ages of endless date He to his own a Comforter will fend,

Founded in righteousness and peace and love, 550 The promise of the Father, who foll dwell To bring forth fruits, joy and eternal bliss. His Spirit within then, and the law of faith He ended; and thus Adam lait reply'd. Wussing through love, upon their hearts shall How soon hath thy prediction, Seer bleft,




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