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Honor, dominion, glory, and renown;

Thick-ramm’d, at th' other bore with touch of fire Who have fustain'd one day in doubtful fight Dilated and infuriate, thail send forth 486 (And if one day, why not eternal days?)

From far with thund'ring noise aniong our foes What Heaven's Lord had pow'rsulleit to fend 425 Such inplements of mischief, as shall dash Against us from about his throne, and judg'd To pieces, and o’erwhelm whatever stands · Sufficient to subdue us to his will,

Adverse, that they shall fear we have disarm'd 499 Eut proves not so : then fallible, it seems,

The Thund'rer of his only dreaded bolt. Of future we may deem him, though till now Nor long shall be our labor; yet ere dawn, Omniscient thought. True is, less firmly arm’d, Effect shall end our with. Mean while revive; Some disadvantage we indur'd and pain, 431 Abandon fear; to strength and counsel join'd Till now not known, but known as soon contcmn'd; Think nothing hard, much less to be despair'd. 495 Since now we find this our empyreal form

He ended, and his words their drooping chear Incapable of mortal injury,

Inlighten'], and their languith'd hope reviv'd. Imperishable, and though pierc'd with wound, 435 Th’invention all admir'd, and each, how he Soon closing, and by native vigor heal'd.

To be th’inventor miss'd ; so easy' it seem'd Of evil then so small, as easy think

Oncc found, which yet unfound most would have The remedy; perhaps more valid arms,


5CO Weapons more violent, when next we meet, Imposible: yet haply of thy race May serve to better us, and worse our foes, 440 In future days, if malice should abound, Or equal what between us made the odds, Some one intent on mitchief, or inspir'l In nature none : if other hidden cause

With devilish machination, inight devise Left them soperior, while we can preserve

Like instrument to plague the fons of men 505 Unhurt our minds and understanding sound, For fin, on war and mutual flaughter bent. Due search and consultation will disclose. 445

Forthwith from council to the work they flew : He fat; and in th' assembly next upstood None arguing ftood; innumerable hands Nifroch, of Principalities the prime;

Were ready; in a moment up they turn'd As one he stood escap'd from crucl fight,

Wide the celestial foil, and saw beneath

S10 Sore toil'd, his riven arms to havoc hewn, Th' originals of nature in their crude And cloudy in aspé&t thus answ'ring fpake. 450 Conception ; sulphurous and nitrous foam Deliverer from new Lords, leader to free

They found, they mingled, and with subtle art, Enjoyment of our right as Gods; yet hard Concocted and adufted they reduc'd For Gods, and too unequal work we find, Tc blackest grain, and into ttore convey'd: 515 Againse unequal arms to fight in pain,

Part hidden veins digg'd up (nor hath this carth Against unpain'd, impassive; from which evil 455 Entrails unlike) of mineral and store, Ruin must needs ensue; for what avails

Whereof to found their engins and their balls Valor or strength, though matchless, quell'd with Of m flive ruin; part incentive reed pain

Prov.de, pernicious with one touch to fire. 520 Which all subducs, and makes remiss the hands So ali ore day-Spring, under conscious night, Of mightiest? Sense of pleasure we may well Secret they finish'd, and in order fit, Spare out of life perhaps, and not repine,


With filene circumspection unelpy'd. But live content, which is the calmest life :

No:v when fair morn orient in Heav'n appear'd, But pain is perfect mifery, the world

Up rose the victor Angels, and to arms $25 Of evils, and exceflive, overturas

The matin trumpet fung: in arms they tood All patience. He who therefore can invent Of golden soply, refulgent hoft, With what more forcible we may offend 465 Suon banded ; cthers from the dawning hills Our yet unwounded enemies, or arın

Look'd round, and scouts each coaf light-arn'd Ourselves with like defense, to nie deferves

hour, No less than for deliverance what we owe. Esch quarter, to defery the distant foc,

530 Whereto with look compos’d Satan reply'd. Where lodg'd, or whicher ind, or if for fighe, Noc uninvented that, which thou aright


In motion or in halt: him foon they met Believ'st fo main to our success, i bring.

Under spread cnsigus moving nigh, in flow Which of us who beholds the bright surface But firni battalion; back with fpecdiest fail Of this ethereous mold whercon wc stand, Zophiel, of Cherubim the twistest wing,

535 This continent of spacious Heav'n, adorn'd Cane fly'ins, and in nid air aloud thus cry'd. With plant, fruit, flow'r ambrofial, gems and gold; Arm, Warriors, arın for fight; the foe at hanit, Whose eye fo fuperficially surveys


Whom tied we thought, will fave us kng purtuid These things, as not to mind from whence they | This day; fear net his flight; tot'uick a cloud grow He comes, and settled in his face lice

540 Deep under ground, materials dark and crude, Sad resolation and secure : lct each of spiritous and fiery fpume, till touch'ü

His adamantin coat gird well, and orch With Heaven's ray, and temper'd they shoot forth Fit well his helm, gripe fast his orbed thicld, So beauteous, opening to the ambient light? 481

Borne ev'n or high; for this day will pour down, These in their dark nativity the deep

if I conjecture vuçht, no drizliny thower,

545 us pregnant with infernal flame; Put rattling form of arrows barb'd with fire. Which iato hollow engins long and round

So würn'd be them aware themeluas; and soon

Shall yield




In order, quit of all impediment,

To entertain them fair with open front GI Instant without disturb they took alarm,

And breast (what could we more?) propouoded And onward mov'd imbattel'd: when behold 550 Not distant far with heavy pace the foc

Of compofition, strait they chang'd their minds, Approaching gross and huge, in hollow cube Flew off, and into strange vagaries fell. Training his devilish enginry, impal'd

As they would dance; yet for a dance they feemid On every side with shadowing squadrons dexp, Somewhat extravagant and wild, perhaps 616 To hide the fraud. At interview both stood 555 For joy of offer'd peace : but I suppose, A while; but suddenly at head appear'd

If our proposals once again were hcard, Satan, and thus was heard commanding loud. We should compel them to a quick result.

Vanguard, tu right and left the front unfold; To whom thus Belial in like gamesome mood. That all may sce who hate us, how we seek Leader, the terms we sent were terms of weight, Peace and composure, and with open breast 560 of hard contents, and full of force urg'd bome, Stand ready to receive them, if they like

Such as we might perceive amus'd them all, Our overture, and turn not back perverse ; And stumbled many; who receives them right, But that I doubt; however witness Heaven, Had need from head to foot well understand; 625 Heav'n witness thou anon, while we discharge Not understood, this gift they have befides, Freely our part; ye who appointed stand, 565 They shew us when our foes walk not upright. Do as you have in charge, and briefiy touch

So they among themselves in pleasant vein What we propound, and loud that all may hear. Stood fcoffing, highten'd in their thoughts beyond

So scoffing in ambiguous words, he searce All doubt of vidory; eternal might 630 Had ended : when to sight and left the front To match with their inventions they presum'd Divided, and to either flank retir'd:

570 So easy', and of his thunder made a scorn, Which to our eyes discover'd, new and strange, And all his hoft derided, while they stood A triple mounted row of pillars laid

A while in trouble : but they stood not loog ; On wheels (for like to piliars mioft they seem'd, Rage prompted theni at length, and found them Or hollow'd bodies made of oak or fir, With branches lopt, in wood or mountain felld) Against such hellish mischief fit to' oppose. Brass, irun, ftony mold, had not their mouths Forth with (bchold the excellence, the power, With hideous orifice gap'd on us wide,

Which God hath in his mighty Angels plac'd) Portending hollow truce : at each behind

Their arms away they threw, and to the hills A Seraph stood, and in his hand a reed

(For Earth hath this variety from Heaven 640 Stood waving tipt with fire; while we suspense 580 Of pleasure situate in hill and dale) Collected rood within our thoughts amus'd, Light as the lightning glimpse they ran, they fiew; Not long, for sudden all at once their reeds From their foundations loofning to and fro Put forth, and to a narrow vent apply'd

They pluck'd the scated hills with all their load, With niceft touch. Immediate in a flame

Rocks, waters, woods, and by the shaggy tops Butfoon obscur'd with smoke, all Heav'n appear'd, Up-lifting bore them in their hands : Amaze, From those deep-throated engins belch'd, whose Be sure, and terror seis'd the rebel host,

When coming towards them so dread they faw Imhowel'd with outrageous noise the air,

The bottom of the mountains upward turo'd; And all her enirnilo tore, disgorging foul

Till on those cursed engins triple-row 650 Their devilish glut, chain'd thunderbolts and hail They saw them whelm'd, and all their confidence Of iron globes; which on the victor host

590 Under the weight of mountains buried deep; Level'd, with suck impetuous fury smute,

Themselves invaded next, and on their heads That whom they hit, none on their feee might Main promontories flung, which in the air Rand,

Came shadowing, and oppress’d whole legioes Though standing chíe as rocks, but down they fell

arm'd ;

655 By thousands, Angel on Arch-Angel roll'd; Their armour help'd their harm, crush'd in and The sooner for their arms; unarm'd they might

bruis'd Have easily as Spi'ries evaded swist 596 loto their substance pent, which wrought them pain By quick contraction or remuve; but now Implacable, and many a dolorous groan, Foul dislipation follow'd and forc'd rout;

Long krugling underneath, ere they could wind Vor serv'd it to relax their ferried files.

Out of such pris'n, though Spi'rits of purest light, What should they do? if on they ruh'd, repulse Pureft at first, now gross by linning grown. 661 Repeated, and indecent overthrow

601 The rell in imitation to like arms Doubled, would render them yet more despis’d, Betook them, and the neighb'ring hills uptore; And to their foes a laughter ; for in view

So hills amid the air encounter'd hills Stood rank'd of Seraphinı another row,

Hurl'd to and fro with jaculation dire,

665 In posture to displode their second tire


That under ground they fought in dismal fade; Or'thunder: back defeated to return

Infernal noise; war seem'd a civil game They worse abhorr'd. Satan beheld their plight, To this uproar; horrid confusion heap'd And to his mates thus in derision call'd.

Upon confufion rofe: and now all Heaven O Friends, why come not on these vidtors proud? Had gone to wrack, with ruin overspread; 676 Ercwhile they fierce were coming, and when we, Had not th' almighty Father, where he fits






Shrin'd in his fan&uary of Heav'n secure,
Consulting on the sum of things, foreseen
This tumult, and permitted all : advis'd :
That his great purpose he might so fulfil,
To honor his anointed Son aveng'd
Upon his enemies, and to declare
All pow'r on him transferi'd : whence to his Son
Th' afleflor of his throne he thus began.

Effulgence of my glory, Son belov’d, 680
Son in whose face invifible is beheld
Visibly, what by deity I am,
And in whose hand what by decree I do,
Second Omnipotence, two days are past,
Two days, as we compute the days of Heaven, 685
Since Michael and his Pow'rs went forth to tame
These disobedient : sore hath been their fight,
As likeliest was, when two such foes met arm’d;
For te themselves I left them, and thou know'st,
Equal in their creation they were form’d, .690
Save what sin hath impair'd, which yet hath

wrought Insensibly, for I suspend their doom; Whence in perpetual fight they needs must last Endless, and no solution will be found: War wearied hath perform’d what war can do, 695 And to disorder'd rage let loose the reins, With mountains as with weapons arm’d, which

makes Wild work in Heav'n, and dange'rous to the main. Two days are therefore past; the third is thine ; For thee I have ordain'd it, and thus far 700 Have suffer'd, that the glory may be thine Of ending this great war, since none but Thou Can end it. Into thee such virtue' and grace Immense I have transfus'd, That all may know In Heav'n and Hell thy pow'r above compare; 705 And this perverse commotion govern'd thus, To manifest thee worthielt to be Heir Of all things, to be Heir and to be King By sacred unction, thy deserved right. Go then thou Mightielt in thy Father's might, 710 Ascend my chariot, guide the rapid wheels That shake Heav'n's basis, bring forth all my war, My bow and thunder, my almighty arms Gird on, and sword upon thy puissant thigh; Pursue these sons of darkness, drive them out 715 from all Heav'n's bounds into the utter deep : There let them learn, as likes them, to defpise God and Meliah his anointed king.

He said, and on his Son with rays direct Shene full; he all his Father fuil express'd 720 Ineffably into his face receiv'd; And thus the filial Godhead answ'ring fpake.

O Father, O Supreme of heav'nly Thrones, First, Highest, Holicst, Best, thou always seek's To glorify thy Son, I always thce,

725 Asis most jutt; this I my glory' account, My exaltation, and my whole delight, That thou in me well pleas'd, declar'st thy will Fulfill'd, which to fulfil is all my bliss. Scepter and pow'r, thy giving, I assume, And gladlier ball resign, when in the end Thou shalt be all in all, and I in thee For ever, and in me all whom thou lov'st : But whom thou hat'st, I hate, and can put on

Thy terrors, as I put thy mildness on, 735
Image of thee in all things; and fall soon,
Arm'd with thy might, rid Heav'n of these rebellid,
To their prepar'd ill mansion driven down,
To chains of darkness, and th' undying worm,
That from thy just obedience could revolt, 740
Whom to obey is happiness entire.
Then shall thy Saints unmix’d, and from th' impure
Far separate, circling thy holy mount
Unfeigned Halleluiahs to thee sing,
Hymns of high praise, and I among them chief. 745

So faid, he o'er his scepter bowing, rose
From the right hand of glory where he fat;
And the third facred morn began to thine,
Dawning through Heav'n : forth rush'd with

whirlwind sound The chariot of paternal Deity,

750 Flashing thick flames, wheel within wheclundrawn, Itself instinct with Spirit, but convoy'd By four Cherubic shapes ; four faces each Had wondrous; as with stars their bodies all And wings were set with eyes, with eyes the wheels Of beril, and carreering fires between; Over their heads a cryftal firmament, Whereon a faphir throne, inlaid with pure Amber, and colors of the show'ry arch. He in celestial panoply all ar m'd Of radiant Urim, work divinely wrought, Ascended ; at his right hand victory Sat eagle-wing'd; helide him hung his bow And quiver with three-bolted thunder stor's, And from about him fierce effufion rollid 765 Of smoke and bickering flame and sparkles dire : Attended with ten thousand thousand Saints, He onward came; far off his coming shone ; And twenty thousand (I their number heard) Chariots of God: half on each hand were seen : He on the wings of Cherub rode sublime 771 On the crystallin sky, in faphir throu'd, Illustrious far and wide, but by his own First seen; them unexpected joy surpris’d, When the great enlign of Melliah blaz’d 775 Aloft by Angels bor his sign in Heaven; Uoder whole conduct Michael soon reduc'd His army, circumfus’d on either wing, Under their Head imbodied all in one. Before him pow'r divine his way prepar'd; 780 At his command th’ uprooted hills retir'd Each to his place; they heard his voice, and went Obsequious; Heav'n his wonted face renew'd, And with fresh flow'rets hill and vailey smil'd. This saw his hapless foes, but stond obdur'd, 785 And to rebellious fight rallied their powers Insensate, hope conceiving from despair. In heav'nly Spi'rits could such perverseness dwell? But to convince the proud what signs avail, Or wonders move th’ obdurate to relent? They harden'd more by what might most reclame, Grieving to fee his glory, at the sight Took envy; and aspiring to his highth, Stood reimbattel'd fierce, by force or fraud Weening to prosper, and at length prevail 795 Against God and Messiah, or to fall In universal ruin last; and now To final battel drow, disdaining flight,




Or faint retreat; when the great Son of God Drove them before him thunder-struck, To all his holt on either hand thus fpake. 800 With terrors and with furies to the bous

Stand stil in bright array, ye Saints, here stand And crystal wall of Heaven, which oper Ye Angels arm’d, this day from barrel rest; Roll'd inward, and a spacious gap discos' Faithful hath been your warfare, and of God Into the wasteful deep; the monstrous Accepted, fearless in his righteous cause,

Struck them with horror backward, but And as ye have recciv'd, fo nave ye done


Urg'd them behind; headlong them invi:scibiy; but of this cursed crew

threw The punishment to cther hand belongs;

Down from the verge of Heav'n; eterrak Vengeance is his, or whose he folc appuints: Burnt after them to the bottomless pit. Number to this day's work is not ordain'd

Hell heard th’unsufferable noise, Hei Nor multitude: Itand only and behold 810 Heav'n ruining from Heaven, and would Gird's indignacion on these Godless pour'd Affrighted; but strict Fate had cast toota By me; not you but me they have despis’d, Her dark foundations, and too fast had bos Yet envied; against me is all their rage,

Nine days they fell ; confounded Chaos na Because the Father, t' whom in Heav'n supreme And felt tenfold confusion in their fall Kingdoin and pow'r and glory appertains, 815 | Through his wild anarchy, so huge a reat Hath honor'd me according to his will.

Incumber'd him with ruin : Hell at last Therefore to me their doorn he hath allign’d; Yawning receiv'd them whole, and on the sea That they may have their wish, to try with me Hell their fit habitation fraught with fire In Latre) which the stronger proves, they all, Unquenchable, the house of woe and pas Or I alonc against them, ficce by firength 820 Disburden's Heav'n rejoic'd, and soon reis They measure all, of other excellence

Her mural breach, returning whence it ra Not emulous, nor care who them excels;

Sole victor from th' expulsion of his foes Nor other itrife with them do I veuchsafe.

Meffiah his triuniphal chariot turn’d : So spake the Son, and into terror chang'd To meet him all his saints, who filent sca His countrance tog severe to be behold,

Eye-witnesfes of his almighty acts, And full of wrath bent on his enemies.

With jubilee advanc'd; and as they wedt, At once the Four spread out their Itarry wings Shaded with branching palm, each order With creadful shade contiguous, and the orhs Sung triumph, and him sung victorious Ki Of his fierce chariot roll'd, as with the sound Son, Heir, and Lord, to himi dominion g13 Of torrent floods, or of a mimerous hoft.


Worthieft to reign : he celebrated rode He on his in pious foes right onward drove, Triumphant through mid Heav'n, into the Gormy as nicht; under his burning wheels And temple of his nighty Father thron'd The iledfast empyréan fhook throughout,

On high; who into glory him receiv'd, All but the throne itself of God. Full foon Where now he fits at the right hand of bii Among them he arriv’d, in his right hand

Thus measuring things in Heav'n by the Grafrin ten thousand thunders, which he sent

Earth, B fcre lini, fuch as in their fou's infix'd

At thy request, and that thou may'st bewz: Plagues; they ntoniih'd all refifta!!ce lost, By what is past, to thee I have reveal'd Ailconrad. ; down their idle weapons dropt; What might have else to human race been to O'er shields and helms and helmed hcaus he rode The discord which befel, and war in Heaven Of Thrones ard mighty Seraphim proftrate, 841 Among th' A:gelic Pow'rs, and the deep tal That wil'd this mountains now might be aguin Of those too ligi aspiring, who rebellid Thrown on them as a fhelter from his ire.

With Satan; he who envics now thy ítate, Norlus on eit er side tempcituous feil

Who now is plotting how he may reduce His arrows, f:cin the four-fold visag d Pour 845 Theecon from obedience, that with him Dining with cy.s, and from the living wiiee's Bercav'd of happiness thou may'st partake Ikirct alike with multitude of eyes;

His punishment, eterna! misery; One Spirit ia thumrld, and every eye

Which would be all his folace and revenge, Giar'jlightning, an i Sctforth pernicions fire As a defpite done against the most High, Anong th'accur d,thi twiter'd all their strength, Thee once to gain companion of his woe. Ard of their wted vigor leit them drain'd, 851 But listen to toris temptations, warn Exhausted, Irinics, africted, fall’n.

Thy weaker; let it profit thee to have heard Fieluf his ireng, he put not fort!ı, but checi'd By terrible example dhe reward His thunder in prid voly; for hem ant

Oi diobedience; firm they might have stood Not to destro;, but root them out of Heaven : 855 Vet feli; rcineniber, and fear to tranfgreis. The overthrown he rais'd, and as a herd Of goats or tin crous dock together throng'd



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THE ARGU M E N T. in the , so hegei : Helitel at the request of Adam relates how and wherefore this world was first created i ole, and God, after the expelling of Satan and his Angels out of Heaven, declared his the wssure to create another world and other creatures to dwell therein; sends his Son f woe

glory and attendance of Angels to perform the work of creation in fix days; Angels celebrate with lymns the performance thereof, and his reascension into

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htly thou art call’d, whose voice divine
ving, above th' Olympian hill I foar,

the flight of Pegaséan wing.
Acaning, not the name I call : for thou

che Muses ninc, nor on the top
Olympus dwell'st, but hcav'nly born,

the hills appear'd, or.fountain flcw'd, with eternal Wisdom didst converle,

om thy filter, and with her didit play 3 esence of th' almighty Father, pleasıl 12 ithy celestial fong: Up led by thee

the Heav'n of Heav'ns I have presum'd, arthly guest, and drawn empyreal air, temp'ring; with like fafery guided down 15

in me to my native element : p from this dying steed unrein'd, (as once

eruphon, though from a lower clime)

mounted, on th' Aleian field I fail Foneous there to wander and forlorn.

f yct remains untung, but narrower bound thin the vilble diurnal sphere; Iding on earth, not rape above the pole, re safe I sing with mortal voice, unchang'd hoarie of mute, though fall’n on evil days, 25 evil days though fall'n, and evil tongues ; darkness, and with dangers compass'd round, ad solitude; yet not alone, while thou Sit'st my flumbers nightly, or when morn urples the east: still govern thou my song, 30 rania, and fit audience find, though few. ut drive far off the basbarous diffonance


Of Bacchus and his revelers, the race
Of that wild rout that tore the Thracian bard
In Rhodope, where woods and rocks had cars 35
To rapture, till the savage clamor drown'd
Both harp and vaice; nor couid the Mufe defend
Her sen. So fail not thou, who thee implores:
For thou art heav'nly, the an empty dream.
Say Goddess, what ensued when Raphaël,

The alfable Arch-Angel, had forewarn'd
Adam by dire cxample to beware
Apostasy, by what bcfel in Heaven
To those apoftates, left the like befal
in Paradise to Again or his race,
Charg'd not to touch the interdicted tree,
If they tranigrels, and light that sole command,
So easily obey'd amid the choice
Of all tastes else to picase their appetite,
Though wand'ring. He with his contorted Eve 50
The story heard attentive, and was fill'd
With admiration and decp muse, to hear
Of things so high and strange, things to their

thought So unimaginable as hate in Heaven, And war to near the peace of God in bliss With such confusion : but the evil foon Driv'n back redounded as a flood on those From whom it sprung, impoflible to mix With blessedness. Whence Adam soon repeal'd The doubts that in his heart arose : and now Led on, yet finless, with desire to know What nearer might concern hii, how this

world Of Heav'n and Earth caspicuous firft began,

2 (H)




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