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Law and ediet on us, who without law

That we were form'd then, fay'st thou? and the Err not? much less for this to be our Lord,

work And look for adoration to th' abusc

800. Of secondary hands, by talk transferr'd Of those imperial titles, which asiert

From Father to his Son? strange point and new! Our being ordain'd to govern, not to serve. Dodrin which we would know whence learn'd: Thus far his bold cilcourse without controll

whu saw

856 Had audience, when among the Scraphin

When this creation was ? remember'it thou Abdiel, than whom none with more zeal ador'd Thy making, while the Maker gave thee being ? The Deity', and divine comniands obey'd, 806 We know no time when we were not as now; Stood up, and in a flame of zcal levere

Know none before us, sell-begot, self-rais'd 860 The current of his fury thus oppos'd.

By our own quick’ning pow'r, when fatal courie O argument blafphemous, false and proud! Had circled his full orb, the birth mature Words which no ear ever to hear in Heav'n 810 of this our native Heav'n, ethereal fons. Expeaed, least of all from thee, Ingrate,

Our puissance is our own; our own right hand Jo place thyscif so high above thy peers.

Shall teach us highest deeds, by proof to try 863 Carft thou with impious obloquy condemn Who is our equal : then thou shalt behold The just decree of God, pronomc'd and sworn, Whether by supplication we intend That to his only Son by right indued 815 Address, and to begirt th' almighty throne With regal scepter, every soul in Heaven

Beseeching or besieging. This report, Shall bend the knee, and in that honor due These tidings carry to th' anointed King; 890 Confess him rightful king? Unjuft, thou say'st, And fly, ere evil intercept thy light. Flatly unjust, to bind with laws the free,

He said, and as the found of waters deep And equalover equals to let reiun,

820 | Hoarse murmur echo'd to his words applause One over all with unsucceeded power.

Through the infinite hoft; nor less for that Shalt thou give law to God, shalt thou dispute The flaming Scraph fearless, though alone 8.5 With him the points of liberty, who made Incompass'd round with foes, thus answer'd bold. 'Thee what thou art, and formd the Pow'rs of O alienate from God, O Spi'rit accurs’d, Heaven

824 | Forsaken of all good ; I see thy fall Such as he pleas'd, and circumscrib'd their being? Determin'd, and thy hapless crew invol'd Yet by experience taught we know how good, In this perfidious fraud, contagion spread 880 And of our good and of our dignity

Both of thy crime and punishment : henceforth How provident he is, how far from thought No more be troubled how to quit the yoke To make ns less, bent rather to exalt

of God's Mcsah; those indulgent laws Our happy state under one head more near 830 Will not be now vouchsaf'd; other decrees United. But to grant it thee unjust,

Against thee are gone forth without recall; 88; That equal over equals monarch reign :

That golden scepter, which thou didst reje&, Thyself though creat and glorious dont thou count, Is now an iron rod to bruisc and break Or all angelie nature join'd in one,

Thy disobedience. Well thou didit advise, Equal to him begotten Son! by whom 835 · Yet not for thy advice or threats 1 fly As by his Word che nichty Father made

Thele wicked tents devoted, left the wrath &ga All things, ev'n thee; and all the Spirits of Hea- Inipendent, raging into sudden fiame

Distinguish not: for soon expc& to feel By hin created in their bright degrees,

His thunder on thy head, devouring fire. Crown'd them with glory', and to their glory Then who created thee lamenting learn, nam'd

When who can uncreate thee thou shalt know. 8,5 Thrones, Benzinations, Princedoms, Virtucs, So spake the Seraph Abdiel faithful found Powers,

840 Among the faithless, faithful only he; EfTential Pow'ra; nor by his reign obfiur'd, Among innumerable false, unmovid, But more illustrious made; lince he the head Unshaken, unseduc'd, unterrify'd, One of our number :hus reduc'd becomes;

His loyalty he kept, his love, his zeal : His javis our laws; all honor to him done

Nor number, nor example with him wrought Returns our own. Ceale rhien this impious rag", To fiverve from truth, or change his copiant mind sono tempo not the fu; bue balien in appease 846 'Though single. From amidst them forth he fai Ibe, incensed Faths, and th' incensed Sun, Long way through hofile scorn, which he follow While purdun may be found in time bcfought. Superior, nor of violence fear dought; y03

So fpake the fervent Angel; but his zeal And with retorted lcurn his back he turnid None seconded, as out of scaion judy'd, 850 On those proud tow'ss to swist destruction doo Or dogulas and safh, whereat rejoic'ü To postale, and more hughey tbus reply'd.






Τ Η Ε Α R G U Μ Ε Ν Τ.

Raphael continues to relate how Michael and Gabriel were sent forth to battel against

Satan and his Angels. The first light describ'd: Satan and his Powers retire under night : He calls a council, invents devilish engins, which in the second day's fight put Michael and his Angels to some disorder : but they at length pulling up mountains overwhelm'd both the force and machines of Satan : Yet the tumult not so ending, God on the third day sends MESSIAH his Son, for whom he had reserv'd the glory of that victory: He in the power of his Father coming to the place, and caufing all his legions to stand still on either fide, with his chariot and thunder driving into the midit of his enemies, pursues them unable to refilt towards the wall of Heaven ; which opening, they leap down with horror and confusion into the place of punishment prepar’d for them in the deep: Messiah returns with triumph to his Father,

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LL night the dreadless Angel unpursued With joy and acclamations loud, that one, way; till morn,

Return'd not loft: On to the sacred hill Wak'd by the circling hours, with rosy hand They led him high applauded, and present. L'nbart'd the gates of light. There is a cave Before the fiat fupreme; from whence a voice Within the mount of God, fast by his throne, 5 Froni midit a golden cloud thus mild was heard. Where light and darkness in perpetual round Servant of God, well done, well hast thou fought Lodge and dislodge by turns, which makes through The better fight, who siglé halt maintain’d 30 Heaven

Against revolted multitudes the cause Crateful vicifficude, like day and niglit;

Of truth, in word mightier than they in arms; Light issues forth, and at the other door

And for the testiniony'of truth haft borne Ofequivus darkness enters, till her hour

Universal reproach, far worse to bear To veilthe Heav'n, tho'darkness there might well Than violence; for this was all thy care, 35 Sem twilight here : and now went forth the To stand approv'd in light of God, though worlds

Judg'd thee perverse : the easier conquest now Such as in highest Heav'n, array'd in gold Remains thee, aided by this host of friends, Empyrcal; from before her vanish'd night, Back on thy foes more glorious to return Stict through with orient beams; when all the Than scorn'd thou didnt depart, and to fubdue 40

15 By force, who reason for their law resuse, Cover'd with thick imbatteld squadrons brighi, Right reason for their law, and for their king Chariots and faming arms, and fiery steeds Melliah, who by right of merit reigns. Refleding blaze on blaze, first met his view : Go Michacl of celestial armies prince, War he perceiv'd, war in procinct, and found And thou in military prowcfs next

45 Already known what he for news had thought 20 Gabriel, lead forth to hattel these my fons To have reported : gladly then he mix'd

Invincible, lead forth my armed Saints
Among those friendly Powers, who him receiya By thousands and by millions rang'd for fight,






Fqual in number to that Godless crew

Among the mightiest, bent on highest deeds, Rebellious; them with fire and hostile arms 50 And thus his cwn undaunted heart explores. Fearless affauit, and to the brow of Heaven

O Heav'n! that such resemblance of the HighPursuing drive them out from God and bliss

est Into their place of punifhment, the gulf

Should yet remain, where faith and reälty IIS Of Tartarus, which ready opens wide

Remain not : wherefore should not strength and His fiery Chaos to receive their fall


might So spake the sovrai voice, and clouds began There fail where virtue fails, or weakest prove To darken all the hill, and smoke to roll

Where boldeit, though to light unconquerable? In aufky wreaths, relu&ant flames, the sign His puissance, truiting in th’ Almighty's aid, Of wrath awak'&; nor with less dread the loud I mean to try, whose reason I have try'd Ethereal trump:t from on high 'gan blow : 60 Unsound and false ; nor is it ought but just, At which conimaud the Powers militant,

That he who in debate of truth hath won That stood for Heav'n, is mighty quadrat join'd Should win in arms, in both disputes alike Of union irrefi tible, mov'd on

Victor; though brutish that contest and soul, In fiience th. ir bright legions, to the found When reason hath to deal with force, yet so 125 Of imfirumental harmony, that breath'd 65 Most reason is that rcason overcomc. Heroic ardor tu adventrous deeds

So pondering, and from his armed peers Under their God-like leaders, in the cause Forth fiepping oppofit, Half way he met . Of God and his Meffiah. On they move

His daring foc, at this prevention more Indiffolubiy firm; por obvivus hill,

Incens'd, and thus securely him desy'd.

130 Nor Irait’ning vale, nor wood, nor stream di Proud, art thou met ? thy hope was to have vides


reach'd Their perfect ranks; for high above the ground The highth of thy aspiring unoppos'd, Their march was, and the passive air upbore The throne of God unguarded, and his side Their nimhle tread; as when the total kind Abandon'd at the terror of thy power Of birds, in orderly array on wing,

Or potent tongue : focl, not to think how vain Came sur mon'driver Eden to receive 75 | Against th' Onnipotent to rise in arms; Their names of thee; fo over many a tract Who out of smallest things could without end Of Heav'n they march'd, and many a province Have rais’d incessant armies to defeat wide

Thy fully; or with solitary hand Tenfold the length of this terrene : at last

Reaching beyond all limit, at one blow Har in th'horizon to the north appear'u

Unaided could have finish'd thee, and whelm'd From skirt to fkire a fiery region, itretch'd 80 | Thy legions under darkness : but thou seest In battailous afpéd, and nearer view

All are not of thy train ; there be who faith Bristled with upright beams innumerable

Prefer, and piety to God, though then Of rigid spears, and helmets throng'd, and shields To thce not visible, when I alone

145 Various, with buaitful argument portray'd, Seem'd in thy world erroneous to diflent 'The banded Pow'rs of Satan hafting on 85 From all : my feet thou seest; now learn too late With furious expedition; for they ween’d

How few sometimes may know, when thousands That self-fame day by fight, or by surprise, To win the mourt of God, and on his throne Whom the grand foe with scornful eye alance 'To set the envier of his state, the proud 89 Thus answer'd. Ill for thee, but in wish'd hoar Aspirer, but their thoughts prov'd fond and vain Of my revenge, first sought for, thou return'i 131 In the mid way : though Itrange to us it fcem'd From flight, feditious Angel, to receive At first, that Angel should with Angel war, Thy merited reward, the first assay And in fierce hosting meet, who wont to meet Of this right hand provok’d, since first that toogue So oft in festivals of joy and love

Inspir'd with contradiction durft oppose 155 Unanimous, as sons of one great sire

95 d third part of the Gods, in fynod niet Hymning th' eternal Father: hụt the shout Their deities to assert, who while they feel Of hatte now began, and rushing sound

Vigor divine within then, can allow Of onset ended foon cach milder thought.

Omnipotence to none. But well thou com'ft High in the niidit exaited as a God

Before thy fellows, ambitious to win

160 'Th' Apoftate in his fun-bright chariot sat, From me fonie plume, that thy success may show Idol of majelly divine, inclos'd

Destruction to the rest : this pause between With flaming Cherubim and golden shields ; (Unanswer'd left thou boast) to let thee know; Then lighted from his gorgcous throne, for now At firit I thought that Liberty and Heaven 'Twixt helt and host but narrow space was left, To heav'nly fouls had been all one; but now 163 A dreadful interval, and front to front 105 I see that most through Noth had rather serve, Presented stood in terrible array

Ministring Spi'rits, train'd up in feast and long; of hideous length : before the cloudy van, Such haft thou arm’d, the minstrelly of Heaven, On the rough edge of battel ere it join'd,

Servility with freedom to contend,

169 Satan with yait and haughty strides advanc'd As both their deeds compar'd this day shall prove. Came tuwring, arm'd in adamant ind gold; 110 To whom in brief thus Abdiel flera reply'd. Abdich that light endurid not, where he floud Apostate, ftill thou err'it, nor end wilt find




Oferring, from the path of truth remote : The ridges of grim war : no thought of flight,
Unjustly chou deprav't it with the name

None of retreat, no unbecoming deed
Of servitude to serve whom God ordains, 175 That argued fear ; each on himself rely'd,
Or Nature : God and Nature bid the same, As only in his arm the moment lay
When he who rules is worthies, and excels Of victory: deeds of eteru al fame

Them whom he governs. This is servitude, Were done, but infinite; for wide was spread
To serve th' unwise, or him who hath rebeli'd That war and various, sometimes on firm ground
Against his worthier, as thine now serve thee, 180 d landing fight, when soaring on main wing
Thyself not free, but to thyself inthrallid; Tormented ail the air; all air feem'd then
Yet lewdly dar't our miniitring upbraid.

Conflicting fire: long time in even scale 245 Reign thou in Hell thy kingdom; let me serve The battel hung; till Satan, who that day In Heav'n God ever bleft, and his divine

Prodigions pow'r had shown, and met in arms Behests obey, worthieft to be obey'd; 185 No equal, ranging through the dire attack Yet chains in Hell, not realms expect : mean while Of fighting Seraphim confus'd, at length From me return'd, as erlt thou saidst, from flight, Saw where the sword of Michael smote, and This greeting on thy impious crest receive.


250 So saying, a noble stroke he lifted high, Squadrons at once; with huge two-handed sway Which hung not, but so swift with tempest fell Brandith'd aloft the horrid edge came down On the proud crest of Satan, that no fight, 191 Wide walling; such deftruction to withsland Nor motion of swift chought, less could his shield He hased, and oppos'd the rocky orb Such ruin intercept: ten paces huge

Of tenfold adamant, his ample shield, 255 He back recoil'd; the tenth on bended knee A vast circumference : At his approach His massy spear upstay'd; as if on carth 195 The great Arch. Angel from his warlike toil Winds under ground, or waters forcing way Surceas’d, and glad as hoping here to end Sidelong had puth'd a mountain from his feat Intestin war in Heav'n, th' arch-foe subdu'd Half sunk with all his pines. Amazement seiz’d Or captive dragg'd in chains, with hostile frown The rebel Thrones, but greater rage to see And visage all inflam'd first thus began 263 Thus foild their mightiest; ours joy fillid, and Author of evil, unknown till thy revolt, fhout,

Unnam'd in Heav'n, now plenteons, as thou seeft Presage of vi&ory, and fierce desire

These acts of hateful ftrife, hateful to all, Of battel: whereat Michael bid found

Though heaviest by just measure on thyself 265 Th’ Arch-Angel trumpet ; through the vast of And thy adherents : huw hast thou disturb’d Heaven

Heav'n's blessed peace, and into nature brought It sounded, and the faithful armies rung

Misery, uncreated till the crime Hosannah to the High'st: nor stood at gaze 205 Of thy rebellion ! how halt thou inftillid The adverse legions, nor less hideous join'd Thy malice into thousands, once upright 270 The horrid shock: now storming fury rose, And faithful, now prov'd false ! But think not And clamor such as heard in Heav'n till now

here Was never; arms on armour dashing bray'd To trouble holy ret; Heav'n cafts thee out Horrible discord, and the madding wheels

From all her confines. Heav'n the seat of bliss Of brazen chariots rag'd; dire was the noise Brooks not the works of violence and war. Of conflict; over head the dismal hiss

Hence then, and evil go with thee along, 275 Of fiery darts in flaming vollies flew,

Thy offspring, to the placc of evil, Hell, And flying vaulted either host with fire.

Thou and thy wicked crew; there mingle broils, So under fiery cope together rush'd

215 Ere this avenging sword begin thy doom, Both battels main, with ruinous assault

Or some more sudden vengeance wing'd from God And inextinguishable rage; all Heaven

Precipitate thee with augmented pain.

280 Resounded, and had Earth been then, all Earth So spake the Prince of Angels; to whom thus Had to her center shook. What wonder? when The Adversary. Nor think thou with wind Millions of fierce encountring Angels fought 220 Of aery threats to awe whom yet with deeds On either side, the least of whom could wield Thou canst net. Halt thou turn'd the least of these These elements, and arm him with the force To flight, or if to fall, but that they rise

285 Of all their regions; how much more of power Unvanquish'd, easier to tranfact with me Army' against army numberless to raise

That thou should hope, imperious, and with Dreadful combustion warring, and disturb, 225

threats Though not destroy, their happy native seat; To chase me hence? err not that fo fhall end Had not th' eternal King omnipotent

The strife which thou call'st evil, but we lile From his strong hold of Heav'n high over-rula The strife of glory; which we mean to win, 290 And limited their might; though number'd fuch Or curn this Heav'n itself into the Hell As each divided legion might have seem'd 230 Thou fableft, here however to dwell free A numerous hoft, in strength cach armed hand If not to reign : mean while thy utmost force, A legion, led in fight, yet leader seem'd

And join him nam'd Almighty to thy aid, Each warrior single as in chief, expert

I fly not, but have fought thee far and nigh. 295 When to advance, or stand, or turn the sway They ended parle, and both address'd for fight Of batted, open when, and when to close % 35 Urspeakable; for who, though with the tongue


Of Angels, can rclate, or to what things

Down cloven to the wafte, with shatter'd arms Liken on earth conspicuous, that may lift

And uncouth pain fled bellowirt. On each wing Human iniagination to such highth

300 Uriel and Rapha'l his viunting foe, Of Godlike pow'r? for likeit Gods they feemid, Thougi, huse, and in a rock of diamond arm’d, Stood they or mor’d, in stature, metio, arms, Vanquish'd Adrainelech, and Almadai, 365 Fit to decide the empire of great Heaven.

Two potent thrones, that to be less than Gods Now wav'd their ficry swords, and in the air Dildain'd, but meaner thoughts learn'd in their Made horrid circles; two broad funs thcir shields

fight, Blaz'd oppofit, while expectation floud 306 Mangled with ghastly wounds through plate and In horror ; from each hand with fpced retir’d,

mail. Where erst was thickeit fight, th' angelic throng, Nor stood unmindful Abdiel to annoy And left large field, urfafe within the wind The atheist crew, but with redoubled blow 379 Of such commotion ; such as, to set forth 310 Aricl and Arioch, and the violence Great thingsly small, if nature's coucord broke, Of Ramiellcorch'd and blasted overthrew. Among the centilations war were sprung, I might relate of theulands, and their narues Two pianets rushing from afpéct maliga

Eiernize here on earth; but those eleet Of fiercest opposition in mid sky

Angels, contented with their fane in Heaven, 375 Siould combat, and their jarring spheres confound. Seek not the praise of men: the other fort, Together both with next to' almighty arni 316 In might though wondrous and in acts of war, Up-lifted imminent, onc itroke they aim'u Nor of renown lís eager, yet by doom That might dcterniin, and not need repeat, Cancel'd from Heav'ni and sacred memory, As not of pow'r at once; nor odds appear’d Nameless in dark oblivion let them dwell. 1o might or swist prevention : bus the fwerd 320 For strength froin truth divided and from juft, Oi Michail from the armoury of God

Illaudable, nought merits but dispraise Was given him temper'd lo, that neither keen And ignominy, yet to glory' aspires Nor folid might resist that edge : it mct

Vain-glorious, and through infamy seeks fame: The sword of Satan with fivep force to smite Therefore eternal lilence be their doom. Defcending, and in half out freer; nor stay'd, 325 And now their mightiest quell'd, the battel Iut with iwift wheel reversc, deep entring shar'd

fwerv'd, All his right fide : then Satan first knew pain, With many an inroad gor'd; deformed rout And writli'd him to and fro convolv'd; so sore Enter'd, and foul disorder; all the ground The griding sword with discontinuous wound With shiver'd armour ítrown, and on a heap Pirts'd through him : but th' cthereal substance Chariot and charioteer lay overturn'd, clos'd,

330 And ficry foaming steeds; what ftood, recoild Not long divisible; and from the gah

O'er-wearied, through the faint Satanic hoft A stream of necta’rous humor issuing flow'd Defensive scarce, or with pale fear surpriz'd, Sanguin, such as celeltial Spi'rits may bleed, Then first with fear surpriz'd and sense of pair, And all his armour staind ere while lo briglit. Flud ignominious, to such evil brougl:: Fortliwith on all sides to his aid was run


By fan of disobedience, till that hour By Angels many and strong, who interpo 'd Not liable to fear or flight or pain. Dcfenle, while others bere him on their hields Far uchuwife the inviolabie Saints Back to his chariot, where it stood retir's

In cubic phalanx firm advanc'd entire, From off the files of war; there they him laid Invaincrable, impenetrably aim'd; Gnafhing for anguish and dupite and shame, 340 Such high advantages their innocence To find himself not matchless, and his pride Gave them above their foss; act to have fi:a'd, Humbled Ly Such rebuke, fofar beneath

Not to have disobey'd; in fight they stood His confidence in equal God in power.

Lowcaried, ur.ubnoxious to be pair'd Yet foon he heald; for Spi'rits that live through. P; wound, though from their place by viukose

movid. l'italin every part, not as frail man


Now ni ght her course began, and over Hearea In entrails, heart or head, liver or reins,

Indusing carkness, grateful cruce imsor'd, Cannot but by aanihilating die;

ndaleure on the odious din of war: Nor in their liquid texture mortal wound

Uric r her clouw.cover: both retir’d, Receive, no more than can the fluid air!

Vilor anú varqua'd: on the soughten field 410 All heart they live, a'l head, aileye, all ear, 350 birtuel and his lugels prevalent All int, allerle; arc as they safe, Incam ing, plac'd in guard their watches round, They lnb chemfelves, and culor, fh your size Cherubic waving fires : on th' other part Allure, as likes them b.it, conden - 01.04. Satan wishlis rebellious disappear'd, Mean while in other par: like deeds Botiroid

12r the dark diandg'd: and void of reit, 415 I.1cmorial, where the might of brividirghe, His potentaes to corocil cali'd hy nighs; And with fierce enfio ficred the deep artuy 350 And in the midst thus undilmay'd began. Of Moloch íurious king; who him derid,

O now in danger try'd, now known in arnas Ando: his chariot wheels to drag hin bound Not to Le overpow'r’d, Companions dear, Thruaiend, nor from the Holy One of Heaven Found worthy rot of liberty alone, Refraind historique blajaamous; but anon 350 Too med pretince, but what we more affct,


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